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this treaty, being attached to Sweden of such order, may be made up when by commercial relations, which long in- the prohibition shall be removed. tercourse, neighbourhood, and recipro- XIX. With respect to salutes at sea, cal wants have rendered almost indis- the two high contracting parties agree pensible; the high contracting parties; to regulate them on the footing of the desirous of preserving to their subjects most perfect eqnality between the two these means of mutual advantage, agree crowns. When their vessels of war to make such arrangements as may be meet at sea, the salutes shall take place necessary for consolidating them. In in conformity to the rank of the comthe mean time, until they come to an manders, in such manner that he who understanding on this subject, the Fins holds the superior rank shall receive the shall have the power of importing from first salute, which shall be returned gun Sweden, ore, smelted iron, lime, stones for gun. If the commanders are of for building smelting furnaces, and in equal rank, no salute shall take place general all the other productions of the on either side : before castles, fortresses, soil of Sweden.

and at the entrance of ports, the party · In return the Swede's may export from arriving shall salute first, and the salute Finland, cattle, fish, corn, cloth, pitch, shall be returned gun for gun. planks, wooden utensils of all kinds, XX. Difficulties which may arise on wood for building, and, in general, all points not determined by this treaty, .the other productions of the soil of the shall be discussed and settled by amGrand Duchy.

bassadors, or ministers plenipotentiary This traffic shall be re-established and respectively appointed, who shall be maintained to the 1st. (13th) of October, guided by the spirit of conciliation which 1811, precisely on the same footing as has dictated the treaty. it was before the war, and shall be lia- XXI. This treaty shall be ratified by ble to no interruption or burthen, with the two contracting powers; and the the reservation of such restrictions as ratifications exchanged in proper and the political relations of the two states due form within four weeks, or sooner may render necessary.

if possible, reckoning from the day of XVIII. The annual exportation of the signature of the present treaty. 50,000 tschetwerts of corn purchased in J. In faith of which we, the undersigned," the ports of the Gulph of Finland, or of in virtue of our full powers, have signed the Baltic, belonging to Russia, is gran- the present treaty of peace, and have ted to his Majesty the King of Sweden thereto affixed our seals. free of the export duty, on proof being Done at Friedricksham, this 5-17th of -shewn that the purchase has been made September, in the year of Grace, 1809. on his account, or in virtue of his au COUNT NICOLAS DE ROMANZOFE. thority.

DAVID ALOPEUS. • Years of scarcity in which the expor COUNT STEDINCK. tation shall be pruhibited are excepted, A. F. SKJOLDEBRAND. but the quantity in arrear in consequence


[Continued from No. XXXIII. P. 120.)


1. That Gwillym Lloyd Wardle, Esq. At a General Meeting of the Inhabitants M. P. hy bringing to light abuses, which

of the Towns and Neighbourhood of if continued must end in the downfall of Great and Little Bolton, convened by our most invaluable constitution, has in a Requisition signed by two hundred an eminent degree proved himself a and thirty Persons, held at the Ses- fuithful servant of the public, as well as sions Rooni in Great Bolton, on Satur- a friend to the safety, hodour, and star day the 27th of May, 1809.--Mr. · bility of the throne, and has whereby geWilliam Bowker, in the Chair.

titled himself to the gratitude of every the superintendance of the late Com friend to his king and country.

munder in chief. 2. That this ineeting most cordially We are convinced, by the scenes that joins the unexampled number of those are now acting on the great theatre of who have already conveyed to him, their Europe, that more is to be feared from thanks and approbation.

internal corruption than from external 3. That Sir F. Burdett, Bart. Lord foes-that no government can be secure Folkestone, S. Whitbread, Esq. Sir Ş. that is not supported by the great body Romilly, General Fergusson, Lord A. of the people, and that' the true friends Hamilton, and Sir O. Moseley, Bart. of this country can in no way evince for the disinterested manner in which their attachment to our king and constithey stepped forward to assist and sup- tution more effectually than by following port Mr. Wardle, be requested to accept your example, We therefore rejoice, the thanks of this meetinga

that your success has already stimulated 4. That the thanks of this ineeting are others to imitate your conduct, by inalso due to the rest of the one hundred stituting inquiries into abuses in other and twenty-five independent meinberg departments of no less inportance to

of the house of commons who voted with the vital interests of our country than , Mr. Wardle on that occasion.

the army itself, and we hope and trust 5. That while we regret the very ina- that their and your exertions will not be deguate manner in which this county is relaxed, till all corruption shall be eraTepresented, we observe with the most dicated from every department of the lively pleasure, the names of Lord Stan- state in which it may be found to exist. ley, and S. Horrocks, Esq. members for the borough of Preston in that vir

"LONDON. tuous minority.

COURT OF COMMON COUNCIL 6 That the votes af tbe najority of

Nov. 3, 1809. the house of commons on that occasion Mr. Kemble declared, that in rising appear to be in direct opposition to the to bring forward the motion it was his opinion of the people at large, and afford intention to submit to the court, he was a lamentable proof of the imperfect man actuated by no party motive whatever. ner in which the country is represented. He begged leave to assure the court he

7. That an address of thanks be left was actuated solely by the conviction of at the Sessions Room in Great Bolton his own mind, and was unbiassed by the for the signatures of the inhabitants, and opinions or wishes of any other person. that Lord Stanley be requested to pre- He held in his hand a resolution of the sent the same with a copy of these reso- court, passed on the 1st of August, lutions to G. L. Wardle, Esq.

which it was his intention to oppose, 8. That a copy of these resolutions be not from any difference of opinion as to transmitted to Lord Stanley, S. Hor- the matter contained in that resolution, rocks, Esq. Sir F. Burdett, Bart. Lord but from a decided objection to the man Folkestone, S. Whitbread, Esq. Sir S. ner in which it had been introduced. Had Romilly, General Ferguson, Lord A. he been present in the court at the time Hamilton, and Sir O. Moseley.

a motion was made to rescind the resoW. BOWKER, Chairinan.. lution of the court of the 6th of April, 9. That the thanks of this meeting be which was done with a view to negative the given to Mr. W. Bowker for his conduct question, the matter would have been set in the chair.

J. GORDON at rest; but when the court was summon

ed, every member was not aware of the THE ADDRESS.

intended object of the meeting; he did To G. L. Wardle, Esq. M. P. not think, therefore, the court was bound SIP,- toto

to abide by the decision. The court Impressed with the highest admiration had been convened on the 1st of Angust of your parliamentary conduct, We, the for the purpose of rescinding the vote of undersigned Inhabitants of the towns thanks to Mr. Wardle, and had it proand neighbourhood of Great and Little ceeded no farther, he should have been Bolton, beg leave to congratulate you content; but, instead of that, a gentleon the success which has attended your man thought proper on the first ques. late exertions, towards the exposure of tion being negatived, to bring forward a abuses existing in the army, while under long resolution, with the contunts of

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der which it had been called together, danger from the inroads of the people, and exercised its functions," he (Mr. than from the prerogative of the crown! Jacks) could not lielp thinking, that he Mr. Waithınan said, it had been his kad greatly gone beyond that line of re- intention not to trouble the court with spect to parliament which it was his any observations of his, after hearing duty to have observed. He admitted the speech of the honourable gentleman that there were boroughs which were who introduced the motion, as that corrupt, but the resolution, as it stood, speech scarcely called for any reply. conveyed a charge of a similar nature After the speech, however, which they against the whole house of commons. had just heard, lie should think himself No man, he declared, detested corrup- inexcusable, if he only gave a silent vote tion more than he did. He hoped, too, on the occasion. For what reason, he there was no man had a greater detesta- would ask, could they be called upon to tion of vice, taken in an abstract sense. rescind a inotion, for the purpose of disHe believed corruptions to be as inherent cussing it at a future day! The arguin public bodies, as vice was in the mind of ments that had been advanced, he could man. Each of these, therefore, required not help considering as altogether ridicus every effort that could be used to restrain, lous. He had objected to the paragraph if not to eradicate them. Corruption, like concerning church preferments. He had the vicious habits of the mind, when they quibbled upon it, as that arch-quibbler, got beyond certain bounds, led on to Mr. Canning, had done before. But evils which again naturally produced there was fact to oppose to it. There disease. This we should find had been was the case of Doctor O'Meara, who the case in every age. Lord Bacon, the was brought before his Majesty, for the father of modern philosophy, was guilty purpose of advancing his corrupt views; of receiving bribes, as Lord Chancellor. could any quibble or equivocation do It had been found as early after the re- away the charge of disposing of church volution as the year 1694, by a commit- preferments, in opposition to this fact? tee of the house of commons, that He had also quibbled upon the disposal 90,000l, had been spent in bribes, for of seats in the legislature, because the the purpose of insuring the passing of Speaker's speech did not apply to them: that bill. To Sir J. Frimmer, the then but the Speaker's speech did apply: Speaker, 1000l. had been given, who as did also, perhaps in a stronger sense, was so much ashamed, that he after- the speech of Lord Liverpool, who had wards absented himself from the house. said, that the disposal of seats was never At the same time, the house of cominons broudly and openly avowed in parliaimpeached the Duke of Leeds for re- ment, until that moment! The Speaker ceiving a bribe of 50001. on the same had observed, that it was necessary to account. Sir W. Pulteney declared, in put an end to such traffic in the legisla his time, that corruption had come to ture, or that seats would be publicly so high a pitch in the state, that our sold, which would bring upon that house, constitution could not stand! Thirty and country, a greater scandal than eiyears, however, had since elapsed, and ther had ever before experienced. With we still remained as entire and unbroken respect to the paragraph that implicated as at the moment the words were spoken. Lord Castlereagh, the worthy gentleman Sir W. Windham, had, in the year 1740, had stated, that reflections were thrown loudly complained of the corrupt state out against the greatest characters in the of our boroughs, and yet the present country; but was Lord Castlereagh to resolution held out only 200 seats in par- be ranked amongst its greatest charcliament as being dependent on the govern- ters? If so, he must say, that the counment! Gentlemen talked of the changes try was lost; with such men for great in the opinions of men. But was this characters, there could be no hope for peculiar to the present day? Had not Mr. them as a nation. With respect to the Pitt been the greatest reformer, and did corruptions complained of, at the prehe not afterwards change his opinion? sent day, it was objected that they were Mr. Fox coalesced with Lord North, not greater than those of former days; and called him his noble friend. Mr. but could that be any reason why they Burke, too, had changed his opinions; should not make a perpetual war against and why should this be conceived such them? It was thus that Mr. Canning had a crime at present? He wus decidedly resisted the charge; it was upon this prinof opinion, that there wus now more ciple that both parties had made a stand to oppose it. He would ask the worthy candles, of the value of 4001. per annum gentleman whether he had ever known a let out part of his house for a guinea government to be overthrown, unless by a week, and has his coals and candles some dreadful faults existing in itself? sent to his house in the country--who There were many men in parliament, he neglected all these duties, that he might was persuaded, who would have made act as surveyor of taxes; and who, on efficient and able ministers, if they had Mr. W. Dundas's retiring, had received only to deal with a vigilant parliament. a pension of 150l. per annum, for ex. He would ask, what would their own traordinary service rendered to Mr. W. situation be, in what manner wonld the Dundas during the two years he held business of the city be conducted, if the office of secretary at War. He also they had not a strict eye over their of- mentioned, a servant of Mr. C. Jeukinficers?


son, who held the office of a messenger Mr. S. Dixon, after audibly soliloqui- in the war office for upwards of 30 years, zing (as is his frequent custom,) rose to during all of which time he never quitorder, and trusted that the Lord Mayor ted bis master's (then Lord Liverpool) would protect the officers of the court service: that Mr. Fitzpatrick's secretary from insult.

had also, on his retiring, received a penMr. Waithman recommended to the sion as Mr. W. Dundas's had done. Mr. worthy gentleman to reserve his defence W. then said that these were shameful for himself. He was satisfied there was proceedings; he did not hesitate to de not an officer belonging to the court who clare, that a man who would take money believed that he meant any thing perso- out of the public purse, in order to propal to them. Under any administration, vide a pension to his own domestic, who even though Chatham himself was at had never done the public any service, the helm of public affairs, we must have, was a character he would never trust in and even such a minister would require, private concerns. So much would he a vigilant house of commons to look af- suspect him, that if he had money on a ter him. The hon. gentleman said that table, he would not turn his back upon Mr. Wardle caused derision in the house, it, if a person of such a character was by the mention of a house in the city within reach of that money. The hon. for the sale of offices. True he did so; gentleman said there were only 200 but those same persons who then laugh- members of the house of commons who ed at his information, availed themselves were supposed to be influenced by the of it by prosecuting the offenders, char miuister. He (Mr. Waithman) maine ging the offence as one calculated to tained that there were not twenty in vilify and degrade the government, and the whole house who were completely to bring it into contempt. He (Mr. disinterested, he meant thro' themselves Waithman) had looked into the reports or relatives, or through peers with whom of the Finance Committee, which ac- they might be connected, or in stations counts were as voluminous as Rapin's naval or military; men might be as History of England; and it was true, as much influenced by expecting as by haMr. Windham had said, we were cor- viug; and what immense influence must rupt from top to bottom, and could ne- not a revenue of 78 millions per annum ver expect to do good, till things were be supposed to create? When Lord completely changed. In the war office Amherst was commander in chief, the there was a yearly allowance for sala- whole expence of his office was 1000l. ries to the amount of 28,0001, yet this a year, now it amounted to 8,000.Bum remained at the disposal of the se- Col. Gordon, the secretary to the comcretary to the treasury, and was no mander, had 2000l. a year, being double doubt, given away in pensions, &c. for the whole expence in Lord Amherst's here the arrear of accounts was explain- time, yet it surely would not be contened on the ground that there was not a ded that the business was pot as well sufficient number of clerks, or that they done then as it is now. The worthy were not qualified for the duty. He gentleman seemed to forget some parts proceeded to mention a Mr. Hamilton, of his former conduct; he seemed to who with a salary of 1401. per annum forget the time when he had said that

in the war office, was also secretary to they ought to go up with an address · Mr. W. Dundas, with a salary of 100l. every week, upon the subject of reform, yper annum; barrack master for the tow- until it was obtained. It was the duty er of London, with a house, coals, and of that court to stand up and defend

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