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will be to the end of time manifested vants, are appointed in other societo the world, by preaching which is ties. As to the characters, views, committed to faithful men according and employments of the great majoto the commandment of God our Se- rity of our modern“ stewards” and viour ; who are to be accounted of “bishops," we shall say nothing; “ as of the ministers of Christ, and but we beg leave to refer Mr. C. to stewards of the mysteries of God." one of his own prophets, the Rev. Dr. Theclergy of the established church, Haweis, the famous evangelical recafter being duly qualified by passing tor of Aldwinckle, who has prethrough that holy state of preparation, sented the world with their portraits. a college life, are of course, these The correctness of the likeness, and divine stewards ! If our author, the justness of the colouring we hope however, had consulted the epistles will be duly appreciated by Mr. of those inspired men who were in- Custance. deed stewards of the mysteries of God, “The hand of the PRIESTS also bath he would have found, that they had been cl

been chief in the transgression. The revealed those mysteries to the world;

clergy, worldly-ininded,proud, ambitious,

idle, ignorant: however learned as philoand that they had plainly declared

sophers, linguists, or mathematicians, igthat any man who would but read, norant of tha

norant of that which is the most valuable and honestly examine for himself, wisdom, the knowledge of a crucified might understand them. But the Jesús and his grace, are the blind leadfolly of arrogating the titles of the ers of the blind. Are not the herd of inspired writers, is not confined dignitaries the chief stumbling blocks to members of the established

must not their whole pursuits, connec

tions, conduct, convince the very infidel church; men of a priestly disposi

great, whom they fawn upon, and persetion of all sects are fond of grasping cute for preferment, that, if the systems at a shadow, the substance of which inculcated in the epistles to Timothy and has ceased to exist, ever since the Titus be true, it is impossible these men canon of revelation was completed. should believe one word of christianity

“ The church of England,” we are further informed " is episcopal;" "

inferiors dissimilar; enslaved by the and “ that the episcopal ordination * « These were nearly as I can recole and government prevailed even in lect" (says Dr. Hawels) “ the very exthe Apostles days, cannot be doubted pressions uttered by a noble lord of the by any who gives credit to the epis- most distinguished attainments, natural tles of St. Ignatius.” Is it not a shame and acquired, in a conversation I once that any man should endeavour so

held with him respecting the truth and

'. evidence of christianity."-A striking ilto impose on the minds of youth, lustration of the observations of this noby leading them to imagine that ble lord occured in a parliamentary de what is called episcopacy in the bate a few years since. Dr. B. then, church of England, bears a single bishop of Salisbury, boasting of his infeature of what was called cpiscopacy dependent principles, was answered by in the primitive churches.-Dark

the Marquis of Landsdown, that when ness is not more opposite to light,

he (the marquis) “ was in administration,

he never was so persecuted in his life, as than the whole frame and constitu

for the see of Salisbury, for Dr. B. then tion of modern episcopacy, is to that bishop of Llandaff. 'Í'his right reverend plain and simple mode of church go- successor of the apostles, aspiring still vernment, in which one, two, or higher, was shortly after translated to the more persons, who were generally

see of Durham, which is said to be worth laymen, following secular employ

upwards of 16,0001. per annum. We

recommend to Mr. Custance when be ments, were appointed as bishops,

next peruses the “ Epistles of St. Ignathat is overseers of a christian com

tius," to give us some account of this epismunity ; as overseers, or head ser

copate, or any one similar to it, amongst


same objects, and occupied in the same the liturgy the same sublime and spiadvantages, commencing in those cor- ritual service as they ever were." It rupting seminaries, our public schools; is added " They are all too, as nos advancing in our grievously neglected universities, where amidst all the circle

en cessary for these times, as they were of the sciences, who ever thought of in foriner, and will te in all future learning the knowledge of a crucified generations; and therefore it is Jesus-an idea that would be generally hoped they will remain immovascouted-entering into the ministry (I bly fixed to the end of time!" No appeal to the groaning consciences of bigot in the darkest ages of popery the examining chaplains, if they are men

? could have expressed himself more of any conscience) how often, ignorant of all science, but especially of the doc

exceptionably respecting his infallitrines of Cbrist, which they profess to 'ble church of Rome, than Mr. C. teach — subscribing articles they have has respecting his infallible church hardly read, norer considered, and ge- of England! Our limits, will not nerally disbelieve--Opening and closing allow us, nor is it indeed necessary their ministry, without being able to on the present occasion to enter on produce, or indeed ever expecting to see the inquiry, how far the doctrines of one singer by their preaching converted from the evil and error of his ways, and the articles &c. are agreeable to the brought to the kuowledge of God's grace word of God; but the fact is well and faith in him! May it not well be known to this high churchman, that said to such in the words of the great the great majority of the clergy for head of the church, Wo unto ye blind these two centuries past, have not guides, how shall ye escape the damnation believed those doctrines in the sense of hell !"*

of the compilers : this has been the In his account of the manner in which the clergy enter into the

constant subject of complaint in tho church, our author appears some

sermons and writings of Mr. C's fawhat fearful lest our British youth

vourites the evangelical clergy. The

doctrines of the reformers have been should be too well informed on the

defended more generally out of the subject, Leaving them to inform themselves as well as they can, he

church than in it. When we reflect refers them “ to the order of the very

on the numberless volumes with

which the church and the world have solemn service printed in the larger sorts of the liturgy of the church.”

been pesteșed respecting the nature These services, however, do not con

of church subscriptions, and college

oaths, we have no scruple in affirma tain a syllable of the declaration, or

ing, that the only “ perpetuity* subscription of “ unfeigned assent and consent to all and every thing

which has been preserved in the

nos church, is a “ perpetuity” of prevacontained in the liturgyandarticles,

es, rication, falsehood, and perjury! required of every clergyman.

In the chapter, “ Of the DissenAmongst the peculiarexcellencies

ters,” we are surprised to find that of the church of England, are stated

the author, who appears throughout, “ the perpet.iity of her crced and worship; that her articles remain

the whole work anxiously exploring the same compendium of scriptural

cvery opportunity of panegyrizing

the measures of the present reign, truth, the homilies the same deposit

should overlook one of the most imof godly and wholesome doctrine; and

portant and honourable, by which the primitive christians. We would the boundaries of toleration have likewise recommend to him a careful been considerably enlarged. Mr. C. perusal of the 1st. volume of Dr. Haweis's

states “ that by statute 1 W. and M. History of the Church of Christ, which

called the Toleration act, which was may at ord him much useful instruction respecting the nature of the primitive

confirmed by 10 Anne, the dissenchurches.

ters are happily relieved from the * Haweis's Essays, p. 185. penalties of the statutes i Eliz, and

-13 and 14 of Charles II. but he the state! It is true that these liberadds “ the benefit of these acts ex- ties are too much dependent on the tends only to such protestant dis- will of a despot; and when we reflect senters, as shall qualify themselves how much the liberties of some other as is therein prescribed .... that nations are dependent on the will dissenting teachers to be qualifiedas of corrupt senates, we find some such, must subscribe their approba- difficulty in determining which of tion of such parts of the 39 articles, these nations have the greatest cause as do not relate to the government, to tremble for their liberties, which ceremonies, and power of the esta indeed in all countries must be in·blished church, or refer to infant secure where the people do not probaptism." This egregious blunder perly attend to the conduct of their is continued in the 2d. edition. With rulers. Some of our greatest wri- . such law books as Mr. C. was copy- ters on the English government have ing from, it is strange that it should predicted its ruin from the corruphave escaped him that this subscrip- tion of parliament. We hope there tion was entirely done away by an fore our countrymen will attend, as act passed in the 19th year of his its importance deserves, to the awful present Majesty's reign.

admonition of Blackstone. “ The As the government of England in constitutional government of this church and state, is in the eye of island,” heremarks is “ so admirably Mr. Custance supereminently excel- tempered and compounded, that nolent, so when he contemplates other thing can endanger or hurt it, but governments, he can discern nothing destroying the equilibrium of power to be commended, but what is to be between one branch of the legislature found in our own. " Whatever ex- and the rest. For, if ever it should cellency" he observes " is to be found happen, that the independence of any in the government of the United one should be lost, or that it should States of America, must in all jus- become subservient to the views of tice be allowed to be derived from either of the other two, there would England.” As to the government of soon be an end of our constitution !" France it is termed an “ iron yoke of We trust our readers will excuse military despotisın.” We suppose the length of the present article the economy, the total abolition of when they consider the importance test laws, the system of religious of the subject. Attempts are making equality which mark the American under the plea of religion, to introgovernment are all borrowed from duce this pernicious volume into our England! The peaceable system of public schools. The Eclectic Re America by which, although she viewers, setting themselves up at the has been frequently and grossly in- head of our monthly critics, by their sulted hy both England and France, claims to superior piety, have, unhas honourably preserved her from mindful of their duty to the public the crimes and horrors of war for as Britons and as christians, prethese thirty years past, we suppose sumed to panegyrize this work in the was likewise learned from the minis- following unqualified terms: and the ters of Britain! With respect to paragraph has been carefully atFrance, is our author ignorant of tached to the advertisement of the the ameliorated condition of the 2d. edition of the work. people, in consequence of the abo- “ We most sincerely congratulate the lition of tythes, the establishment of public on the appearance of a work, the trial by jury, and of a system of which we can safely recommend as well toleration hy which all her citizens fitted to supply a chasm in our systein are eligible to the highest offices of of public instruction. The book before

is, in every viero, well adapted for the vil and religious liberty in general, instruction of youth; the clear and accu- or of protestant dissenters in particurate information it conveys upon a mostlar, we leave others to determine. important subject, and the truly chris- With respect to Mr. Custance, we tian tincture of its marims and principles are well calculated to enlarge the under- hope he will not think us unfriendly, standing and improve the heart! We when we earnestly recommend him beg leave particularly to recommend it impartially to review his religious to the attention of schools in which, we principles, more particularly by the conceive, a general acquaintance with light of that volume, for which he the laws and constitution of the country professes so peculiar a venerationmight be cultivated with much advantage as forming a proper preparation for

The Bible. He will find therein nothe active scenes of life.”

thing but principles of purity, and On this recommendation we beg which demand purity of conduct in leave to remark :-That if the most public as well as in private life.” It ' degrading views of the divine go- is owing to a want of attention to the vernment-if the most servile adu- precepts of christianity, which are lation to our rulers-if the most without partiality and without hypocrishameful apologies for public cor- sy, that there are so many persons ruptions and abuses--if inaccura- making great professions of religion, cies and mistakes on the plainest and who practise many virtues in pripoints of the laws and the constitu- vate life, but who in the senate can tion-if high church prejudices pecu- countenance almost every species of liarly disgraceful to the present age wickedness. Witness the uniform mif panegyrics on test laws which support given by professedly evange. are equally a violation of the civil lical christians to unjust wars, to

rights of citizens, and a profanation those enormities practised in Ireland of the most sacred ordinance of chris- and in the East Indies, to the infertianity--if those constitute a recom- nal expedition against Denmark, &c. mendation of a book for the instruc- &c. Christianity requires as the test tion of our British youth, we do not, 'of sincerity, that a man should be we confess, know of one more enti- in public the same as in private. We tled to consideration than the work more particularly press it on the at.. before us.

tention of Mr. C. to be careful how It has been reported that several he presumes to plead as an excuse dissenting ministers of respectable for corruption and wickedness, or talents, are employed as writers in for attempting to discourage reformthe Eclectic Revieri. If this be the ation, that nature of which God is case, it is high time such persons the creator, and which, however frail. should look about them, and be cau- affords no excuse for the wilful detious how they commit themselves. pravity for which men will be acThe quotation we have made from countable at the day of judgment, the Review (and we have observed when we are peisuaded, they will similar sentiments in other articles) find it an aggravation of their crimes, may be in character, from writers, that they acted not agreeably, but who, as their prospectus informs us. contrary to that nature which God adopt their principles from the creeds had given them; and that therefore and“ confessions of national church- their condemnation will be just. But es, and that a constant reference to we are fearful that Mr. C. with his those principles, in their disquisitions views of his own religious superiorion morals and character, is a pecu- ty, will, wrapping himself up in his liar feature of the plan of their work!” own righteousness, exclaim in the How far such a work deserves the language of the pharisees of old, encouragement of the friends to ci- which appears to be his favourite

phraseology,Thou wast altogether amidst all his evangelical professions BORN IN SIN, and dost thou teach he would ponder the important adus ?-.We therefore take our leave of monition of our Saviour,- Take heed, him with the friendly advice, to be therefore, that the light which is in cautious how he becomes in future thee be not darkness; for if the light the apologist of corruption under that is in thee be darkness, how great the cloak of religion; and that is that darkness !



most excellent Sir, a magnificent exhibiBy General Cuesta, of the Battle of tion, when we saw the coinbined armies

Talavera, uddressed to the Secretary in a plain of two leagues extent, ad at War.

vancing upon the enemy, and most brilI Seville, Sept. 7. liant and gratifying was the admirable Most Excellent' Sir,

order, firmness, and gallantry, with whichi I removed my head-quarters on the this movement was performed by our 21st curt. to Velada, according to what allies. The whole evening of the 22d I mentioned in my former dispatch of we were reconnoitering the camp of the the same night. This communication enemy, when we took some prisoners was made after I had seen at Oropesa between the wood and the olive grounds, in the evening of that day, the gallant who could not reach their vanguard, and illustrious army of the British.- which had been obliged to retreat in These forces having all re-united in that consequence of an intrepid charge by : town, I ordered my vanguard to be our cavalry. placed before Veleda, concluding that During the whole of the 23d nothing the firing I then discovered, was a skir- deserving notice happened. It was emmishing of our parties with an advanced ployed in examining the position of the body of the enemy, stationed at that enemy, who had again contracted his time in the district of Gamonal, two forces in the district of Casalegas, and leagues distant from Talavera, and wbich on the adjacent heights, preserving his in the sequel was routed and pursued to vanguard supported by some pieces of Casar. At break of day on the 22d, artillery on the bridge and shores of the my army being assembled in the exten- river Alberche, and which fired the sive plain between Velada and Talavera, greater part of the day on our skirmishI directed that the vanguard, under the ing parties. intrepid chief Brig.-General Don Josef I had agreed with the general in chief de Zayas, should charge the enemy, of his Britannic Majesty's army, Sir Arwho had been reinforced with the divi- thur Wellesley, as to the attack on the sion of cavalry of General Latour Mau- bridge and shores of the river before bourg, and Idirected that the divisions day-break on the 24th, and to this purof infantry and cavalry should march in pose, I sent onward the 5th division of close order, that thus advancing towards infantry, under Marshal de Camp, D.: Talavera, they might resist the attack, Luis de Bassecourt, in order that, after if the French should endeavour to force having crossed at the fort of Cardiel, the entrance to this place, as they seem three leagues from Talavera, they might to have determined.

march by the contiguous heights, so as The whole ariny followed the van- by break of day on the 24th to fall on guard, passing by Talavera, and took the rear-guard and right flapk of the ar'up'a position in the olive grounds, be- my of the enemy at Casalegas. At the tween that town and the river Alberche. same hour, I proposed to attack in per The British army, on the night of the 21st, son on the left flank, and a part of his marched from Oropesa, and on the follow- front, while the British army assailed, ing morning, united with us, and while the whole of his right. The flight of the the vanguard attacked and repulsed the enemy during the night of the 83d disenemy, the British also filed off by Ta- concerted this plan, and when at daws > lavera, to take up a position on our left, of the 24th, we saw the French camp. according to the plan agreed. It was, abandoned, I thought it proper to follow

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