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as well as the sincerest friend to what would it not do, if let loose, liberty, that either this or any other and armed with power! It is mani. country was ever blessed with, ought fest, by the speeches and paragraphs not to pass without severe reprehen- of its bigotted partizans, that they sion. In the Weekly Messenger of would the 2d. instant; the editor, or soine “ Et la flamme à la main courir dans other writer, discoursing on the ru
“ Pour de vains arguinents qu'ils ne moured change in the ministry, ob
[comprenaient pas. serves,-“ Lord Grenville himself is
With regard to Mr. Fox's exertions “a religious man, yet when coal
in the cause of Toleration, it may “esced with the Foxites, he con.
be fairly asked, what should induce “ curred with them in a blow on our
him, if he were wholly void of all “ national churck! Mr. Fox was a
religious feelings, to employ the " man of the greatest natural talents,
powers of his great and comprehen“ and as far as history and politics
sive mind, in the cause of religious " went, highly improved by reading liberty, which if suffered to prevail, and study; but from the habits of he knew, would more effectually
promote true religion among man« gularity, not to say profligacy, he kind, than all the establishments in “ had given little attention to any the world? By advocating the cause “ thing connected with our religious of the dissenters was he consulting " establishment: he was naturally his own interest? By no means. $6 therefore without a due sense of He knew, he could take no step that « the importance of these interests.
would render him so unwelcome to " But this was not the case of Lord
the court, or so unpopular to a great “ Grenville-Lord Grenville is infi
proportion of the people. But it was " nitely superior to what Mr. For was
one of the many excellent traits in t in decorum and character."* Ilere
the character of this truly great man, then it is broadly insinuated, that
that he would advocate the cause of any attempt to effect catholic eman
truth, in spite of adversity, the loss of cipation, or in other words, to pro- friends, of power, and of every other cure for three-fourths of the people
earthly consideration; and it may, of Ireland their civil and religious
perhaps, be as truly said of him, as rights, 'is“ aiming a blow" at the
at we of any man whom history records established church; and that Mr. ." Justum, et tenacem propositi virum, Fox, in espousing the cause of tole- “ Non civium ardor prava jubentium, ration, was actuated by no worthy “Non vultus instantis tyranni motive; but being indifferent to all “Mente qualit solida” religion, he sided with that party But to return to the subject. It who have always been adverse to the is well observed by Dr. Parr, in a Test laws! I believe, sir, it is impos- recent work*,-" That instead of sible to pen a more illiberal pára- wasting his time upon doubtful graph; one that contains more ran- and unprofitable topics of controvercourous venom, than the one just sy, Mr. Fox watched the effects of quoted. This “No Popery" spirit, the controversial spirit upon reli.
gious establishments and sects; and * This writer's talent for discrimina- while he respected the ancient and tion is further illustrated in the following
salutary principles of the one, he sentence.-“Mr.Canning, in the general u opinion of the country, is very little, I
paid a proper regard to the civil
This impartiaif at all. inferior to Mr. Fox or Mr. rights of the other. « Pitt: he has more genius than was pose lity arose, not from a secret and cri: " şessed by either of them" !!!
Weekly Messenger, Oct. 9. * Characters of the late C. J. Fox. ! VOL. VI.
minal indifference to religion itself, Mr. Fox, of whom it has been truly but from his attention to the various said, that no English statesmen prekinds and degrees of influence, which served, during so long a period of the more and the less rational modi- adverse fortunes, so many affectionfications of it appear to have, under ate friends, and so many zealous advarious circumstances, upon private herents, could be infinitely below morals and the public peace-from such a character as Lord Grenville his knowledge of the instructive les- is depicted by Mr. Bell? Can it be sons which history furnishes, upon truly said, that Mr. Fox, of whom the inefficacy as well as the injustice Mr. Burke (six years after all interof multiplied restraints, and from his course between them had ceased) dread of the mischievous conse- emphatically exclaimed, “ To be quences which have arisen in our “ sure he is a man made to be loved !' own, and in other countries, when was“ infinitely inferior to any man persecution, direct or indirect, has“ in decorum and character?” Great long preyed upon the spirits of ho- allowance ought undoubtedly to be nest men, and when opportunities made for editors of newspapers, who have suddenly started up for reli- are often obliged to write in great gious zeal to unite with, political haste; but no circumstance can be discontent, in avenging by one ef- an excuse for malice and deliberate fort, without, discrimination, and falsehood; and Mr. Bell,* or his without mercy, the real or supposed hired writer, should have rememberwrongs of many preceding generations. He therefore acted, as well * It is not the least of the many evils as reasoned, in conformity to the which attend this country at the present well known observation of Mr.Burke, moment, that the vehicles of news and t" That our constitution is not made political information, with but few exfor great, general proscriptive exclu- ceptions, should have fallen into the sions”-and that, “ sooner or later, it hands of a set of mercenary, ignorant.
and inconsistent writers. Whether the will destroy them, or they will destroy editor of the Weekly Messenger comes 'it.",
properly under the exceptions, the folI am afraid I shall trespass too lowing extracts will assist in shewing. much upon the attention of your “ If there were any previous doubts readers; but I cannot conclude,with- of the complete defeat of the French, out adverting to the last clause in they must now vanish. Though we
will not venture to predict the immethe extract I have produced from
diate downfall of Bonaparte, yet we Bell's paper, where it is remarked,
should not be surprised to find that he, that « Lord Grenville is infinitely had reached his assigned limit." “ superior to what Mr. Fox was in
Weekly Messenger, June 19. u decorum and character."--Now, “Whatever doubts might have origisir, in the very same paragraph, the nally been maintained, they must now writer asserts, that Lord Grenville's have vanished. The most incredulous " pride and unbending principles are
must now acknowledge that the French
have sustained a defeat on the Danube, “ but ill adapted to a popular go- which has effectually crippled all their 66vernment:" -- that “the public future operations!"—W. M. July 10.. “must regard him as a man of va- “ We lament to say, that what we “ luable knowledge, who is willing to have so long anticipated has at length “ serve the public for his own interest, happened: that the fate of Austria, in “ but who has no principle so fixed,
the language of the 24th. bulletin, has
been decided in a single battle. For " but it will bend wheresoever that
our own parts we have invariable made “interest requires." Passing over the same statement; that the French the clumsy inconsistencies of these Emperor had indeed received a check, assertions, it may be asked, whether but that the very circumstance of the
ed that he was traducing the charac- PORTED THE DIGNITY OF HIS COUNter of a senator, seldom or never TRY; THAT HE HAD NEVER GIVEN equalled for talents and integrity, AN OPINION BY WHICH ONE DROP and who declared, in an animated OF BRITISH BLOOD WAS SHED, OR debate a few years since, that it was ANY OF ITS TREASURES SQUANDERwith heartfelt -satisfaction he could ED!! Yours sincerely, reflect, THAT HE HAD ALWAYS SUP- Norwich, October 10, VERITAŞ.
CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN tlereagh and Mr. Secretary Canning
their offices. I have the honour to be,
&c. &c. SPENCER PERCEVAL, No. I.
No. II. Letter sent in Duplicate to Earl Grey
Answer from Earl Grey. and Lord Grenville.
, Howick, Sept. 26. Windsor, Sept. 23, 1809.
SIR, I have this evening had the MY LORD,The Duke of Portland
honour of receiving your letter of the having signified to his Majesty his inten
23d, informing me, that in consequence tion of retiring from his Majesty's ser
of the Duke of Portland's intention of vice, in consequence of the state of his
retiring from his Majesty's service, his Grace's health, his Majesty has autho
Majesty had authorised you, in conrised Lord Liverpool, in conjunction
junction with the Earl of Liverpool, to with myself, to communicate with your
communicate with Lord Grenville and lordship and Lord Grey, for the purpose
myself, for the purpose of forming an of forming an extended and combined
extended and combined administration, administration.
* and expressing a hope, that in conse. I hope, therefore, that your lordship,
quence of this communication I would in consequence of this communication go to town, in order that as little time will come to town, in order that as little as possible may be lost in forwarding time as possible may be lost in forward
this important object. . ing this important object, and that you
Had his Majesty been pleased to sigwill have the goodness to inform ine of
nify that he had any commands for me
personally, I should not have lost a moyour arrival. I am also to acquaint your lordship,
ment in shewing my duty and obedience, that I have received his Majesty's come by a prompt attendance on his royal mands to make a similar communica- plea tion to Lord Grey of his Majesty's plea
But when it is proposed to me to
communicate with his Majesty's present sure, I think it proper to add, for your
ministers, for the purpose of forming a
combined administration with them, I lordship’s information, that Lord Cas
feel that I should be wanting in duty to Archduke leaving him to re-establish his his Majesty, and in fairness to them, if bridges, and to pass and repass at his I did not frankly and at once declare, pleasure, was a sufficient proof that it was that such an union is, with respect to pothing but a check."--W. M. July 24. me, under the present circumstances,
How convenient is the art of forget- impossible. This being the answer that ting! This writer forgets on July 24th, I find myself under the necessity of githe prediction he had made on June ving, my appearance in London could 19th. He forgets all that he had writ- be of no advantage, and might possibly ten respecting the defeat of the French; at a moment like the present, be attenand, unless we accuse him of consum- ded with some inconvenience. mate impudence, he must surely have I have thought it better to request, supposed that his readers had forgotten that you will have the goodness to lay also 1
my duty at the feet of his Majesty, hum
bly intreating him not to attribute to I have now, therefore, only to feany want of attachment to his royal quest, that you will do me the honour person, or to diminished zeal for his of submitting, in the most respectful service, my declining a communication, terins, these my humble opinions to his which, on the terms proposed, could Majesty, accompanied by the dutiful lead to no useful result, and which might and sincere assurance of my earnest debe of serious detriment to the country, sire at all times to testify, by all such if in consequence of a less decisive an- means as are in my power, my unvaried swer from me, any further delay should zeal for his Majesty's service. I have &c. take place in the formation of a settled
GRENVILLE, governinent.--I am &c. GREY,
. No. V. - No. III.
Letter from Mr. Perceval to Lord
Sept. 29. SIR, I have the honour to acknow My LORD, I lost. no time io comledge your letter of the 23d instant, and municating to Lord Liverpool your lordunderstanding it as an official significa- ship's letter of this day. tion of his Majesty's pleasure for my at- It is with great concern that we have tendance in town, I shall lose no time learnt from it, that your lordship feels in repairing thither, in humble obedi- yourself under the necessity of declining ence to his Majesty's commands. . the communication which I have had
I must beg leave to defer until my the honour to propose. arrival all observations on the other In proposing to your lordship and matters to which your letter relates. I Lord Grey, under his Majesty's authehave, &c.
GRENVILLE. rity, to communicate with Lord Liver
pool and myself, not for the accessiou Second Answer from Lord Grenville. of your lordship to the present adminis
Sept. 29. tration, but for the purpose of forming SIR,-Having last night arrived here, a combined and extended administrain humble obedience to his Majesty's tion, no idea existed in our minds of tbe commands, I think it now my duty to necessity of any dereliction of public lose no time in expressing to you the principle on either side. necessity under which I feel myself of Your lordship may rest assured, that declining the communication proposed in communicating to his Majesty the nein your letter: being satisfied that it cessity under which you feel yourself of could not, under the circumstances there declining the communication which I mentioned, be productive of any public had the honour to propose to your lordadvantage.
ship, I will do every justice to the reI trust I need not say, that this opi- spectful terms, and the dutiful and sinnion is neither founded in any sentiment cere assurance of your lordship's unva. of personal hostility, nor in a desire of ried zeal for his Majesty's service, with unnecessarily prolonging political differ- which the expression of that necessity ences.
was accompanied. To compose, not to inflame the di- • I cannot conclude without expressing visions of the empire has always been the satisfaction of Lord Liverpool and my anxious wish, and is now more than "myself at your lordship's assurance, that ever the duty of every loyal subject; the failure of this proposal is not to be but my accession to the existing admi- ascribed to any sentiment of personal nistration could, I am confident, in no hostility. I have, &c. &c. respect contribute to this object; nor
Sp. PERCEVAL. could it, I think, be considered in any To this last paper it is understood other light than as a dereliction of pub- that no reply was judged necessary. ļic principle.
This answer, which I must have given to any such proposal ifmade while the go
CORRESPONDENCE vernment was yet entire, cannot be varied BETWEEN LORD CASTLEREAGH. by the retreat of some of its members.
AND MR. CANNING, &c. My objections are not personal--they
St. James's-square, Sept. 19. apply to the principle of the government SIR, --It is unnecessary for me to itself, and to the circumstances which enter into any detailed statement of the mitended its appointment.
circumstances which preceded the re