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they are retained to serve. What be more fatal to the constitution than now would be the consequence, if ten times as many thousands in red all these endeavours should succeed? and blue out of them! Parliaments We should find burselves without are the true guardians of liberty. any form of government. By remu. For this principally they were insti. ving all the limitations and controuls, tuted ; and this is the principal arwhich liberty hath prescribed to ticle of that great and noble trust, those that govern, the whole frame which the collective body of the of our constitution would be disjoin- people of Britain reposes in the reed. Entire dissolution of manners, presentative. But then no slavery confusion, anarchy, or perhaps abs can be so effectually brought and fixed solute monarchy, would follow ; for upon us, as parliamentary slavery. it is possible, nay probable, that in By the corruption of parliament, and such a state as this, and amidst the absolute influence of a King, or such a rout of lawless savages, men his minister, on the two houses, we would chuse this government, ab- return into that state, to deliver us surd as it is, rather than have no or secure us from which parliaments government at all.
were instituted ; and are really goNotwithstanding all endeavours to verned by the arbitrary will of one puzzle our constitution in favour of man, Our whole constitution it at prerogative and corrupt dependencys once dissolved. Many securities to by which, if by any means, it must liberty are provided; but the intebe crushed and demolished, the main grity, which depends on the freedom principles are simple, and obvious, and the independency of parliament, and fixed, as well as any truths can is the key-stone, that keeps the be fixed in the minds of men, by whole together. If this be shaken, the most determinate ideas. The our constitution totters. If it be state of our constitution then affords quite removed, our constitution falls an easy and unerring rule, by which into ruin. That noble fabric, the to judge of the state of our liberty. pride of Britain, the envy of her The improvement or decay of one neighbours, raised by the labour of denotes the improvement or decay so many centuries, repaired at the of the other; and the strength or expence of so many millions, and weakness of one, the safety or dan- cemented by such a profusion of ger of the other. We cannot lose blood; that noble fabric, I say, which our liberty, unless we lose our con- was able to resist the united efforts stitution ; nor lose our constitution, of so many races of giants, may be unless we are accomplices to the demolished by a race of pigmies. violations of it; for this constitution. The integrity of parliament is a kind is better fitted than any, ancient or of palladium, a tutelary goddess, modern, ever was, not only to pre- who protects our state. When she serve liberty, but to provide for its is once removed, we may become own duration, and to become im- the prey of any enemies. No Aga inortal, if any thing human could memnon, no Achilles, will be want. be so.
ed to take our city. Thersites himTo-destroy British liberty with an self will be sufficient for such a army of Britons is not a measure so conquest. sure of success, as some people may There is no man, who thinks at believe. To corrupt the parliament all, can fail to see the several fatal is a slower, but might prove a more consequences, which necessarily flow effectual method; and two or three from this one source. We are told hundred mercenaries in the two hou- that this influence is necessary to ses, if they could be listed there, would strengthen the hands of those whe
govern; and that corruption serves · Inn Fields by about two o'clock in to oil the wheels of government and the morning. The King of Spain to render 'the administration more had, about this time, been seized by smooth and easy. Absurd and wick- a disorder, which some of the Eng. ed triflers! Can a good government lish had been induced to believe, from want power under our constitution ? particular expressés, he could not A bad one may, and it is fit it should. possibly 'survive. Amongst these, Popularity is the expedient of one, the noble duke was the most creduand will eficctually support it. No- lous, and probably the most anxious. thing but corruption can support the On the very first moment of receive other.
ing his intelligence, he had dispatched couriers to Madrid, who were
commanded to return with unusual ELECTION ANECDOTE. . haste, as soon as ever the death of
his catholic Majesty should have At the close of an election at been announced. Ignorant of the Lewes, the Duke of Newcastle (prime hour in which they might arrive, * minister in the reign of George II.) and impatient of the fate of 'every was so delighted with the conduct of hour, the duke would not retire to a casting voter, that he almost fell his rest till he had given the strictest upon his neck and kissed him. “My orders to his attendants, to send any " dear friend, I love you dearly! person to his chamber who should
You're the greatest man in the world! desire admittance. When the voter I long to serve you! what can I do asked if he was at home, he was an for you? "May it please your Grace, sweredhy the porter, Yes; his grace an exciseman of this town is very has been in bed some time, but we old. I would beg leave to succeed were directed to awaken him as soon him as soon as he shall die.' 'Ay, as ever you came.' " Ah, God bless that you shall with all niy heart. I him! I know that the duke always wish, for your sake, he were dead told me I should be welcome by night and buried now! As soon as he is, or by day. Pray shew me up,' The set out to me, my dear friend! be it happy visitor was scarcely conducted night or day, insist upon seeing me to the door, when he rushed into sleeping or waking. If I am not at the room, and, in the transport of Claremont, come to Lincoln's-Inn his joy, cried out, My lord, he's Fields; if I am not at Lincoln's-Inn dead. That's well, my dear friend; Fields, come to court; if I am not I'm glad of it, with all my soul. at court, never rest till you find me; When did he die "The morning not the sanctum sanctorum, or any before last, and please your grace. place, shall be kept sacred from such What so lately? Why my worthy a dear, worthy, good soul as you are. good creature, you must have flown. Nay, I'll give orders for you to be ad- The lightning itself could not travel mitted, though the King and I were half so fast as you. Tell me you talking secrets together in the cabinet.' best of men, how I shall reward you? -The voter swallowed every thing "All I wish for in this world is, that with ecstacy; and, scraping down to your grace would please to remem· the very ground, retired to wait in ber your kind promise, and appoint faith for the death of the exciseman. me to succeed him.' You, you The former took his leave of this blockhead! You King of Spain! wicked world in the following win- What family pretensions can you ter. As soon as ever the duke's have? Let's look at you.' By this friend was apprised of it, he set off time the astonished duke threw back for London, and reached Lincoln's- the curtains, and recollected the face
of his electioneering friend; but it and foreseeing the inconvenience that was seen with rage and disappoint- may arise from a recurrence of this ment. To have robbed him of his practice, are humbly of opinion, that
an additional instruction should be given rest might easily have been forgiven; to the several governors of your Majesty's but to have fed him with a ground- islands in the West Indies, restraining less supposition that the King of them from giving their assent to any law Spain was dead, became a matter of or laws concerning religion being passed, resentment. He was, at first, dis- until the same shall have been first missed with all the violence of an- transmitted to your Majesty's principal ger and refusal. At length the vic- secretaries of state, for your Majesty's
royal consideration, unless a clause or tim of his passion became an object clauses be inserted in such luw or laws, of his - mirth; and, when he felt the suspending and deferring the execution ridicule that marked the incident, thereof, until your Majesty's pleasure he raised the candidate for monar- shall be known thereon: chy into a post, which, from the co And the lords of the committee having lour of the present times, may seem prepared a draught of such additional
instruction, humbly take leave herewith almost as honourable — he made
to lay the same before your Majesty, forhim an exciseman.
your royal approbation.
Instruction issued in pursuance of the STATE OF TOLERATION IN
: above Report. JAMAICA.
Additional Instruction to the Govern
ors of his Majesty's Islands in the .
West Indies. The following « Order in Council," · It is our will and pleasure, and we and “ Observations" appear in a Jumuica do hereby require and command, that Gazette.
you do not, on any pretence whatever, At the Council Chamber, Whitehall, give your assent to any law or laws to be May 23, 1809, by the Right Hon. passed concerning religion, until you the Lords of the Committee of shall have first transmitted unto us. Council, appointed for the consi- through one of our principal secretaries deration of all matters relating to of state, the draught of such bill of
Trade and Foreign Plantations. bills, and shall have received our royal To the King's Most Excellent Majesty pleasure thereupon; unless you take in Council. :
care, in the passing of such bill or bills, 1. May it please your Majesty, that a clause or clauses“ be inserted
Your Majesty having been pleased, therein, suspending and deferring the by your order in council of the 26th execution thereof, until our will and ult. to approve of a report of this com- pleasure shall be known thereupon.mittee, submitting that an act passed by the legislature of the island of Ja- OBSERVATIONS OF THE EDITOR OF THE maica, in the year 1807, intitled, “ An . , JAMAICA GAZETTE. Act for the protection, subsisting, cloath- We cannot help contemplating the ing, and for the better order and go- above order in council as a 'most gross vernment of slaves, and for other pur- interference with our internal colonial poses," should be disallowed, as con- regulations, IN FAVOUR OF A SET OF taining a clause contrary to the principles METHODISTICAL RASCALS, who ought to of toleration prevailing in this kingdom, be scouted out of every well regulated and as being the more objectionable, community; who are a disgrace to chrisas an act to the same effect has been tianity; for ihe mummery and nonsense disallowed by your Majesty at a former of methodism has no more to do with period, and no provision had been made the christian religion than with that. by the legislature of the island for cler- of Mahomet! If the regular clergymen gymen of the established church :-The of the church of England have every , lords of the committee, adverting to the per nission to instruct and to reform. circumstance of this act, being a second why should swarms of ignorant and de attempt by the legislature of the island signing adventurers, without common of Jamaica to pass a law of this nature, sense, education, or decency, be in
truded upon this colony against its.will methodists it is well known have
men, who, by propagating mistaken tended to promote both of theso doctrines, may expose it to the most desirable ends, and, it may be ad imminent peril; who, to effect their
ded, without any detriment to tho evangelical projects, would willingly involve us in ruin, and triumph in the interests of the planters: but do flames! Christianity is not so much principles however intolerant; 110 their object as to enforce their own vile slander however malignant, from Jaand narrow distinctions, as contemptible maica planters, or the editors of Jaas the tub from which their doctrines maica Gazettes, need excite surprise. are generally delivered. The letter of But what must be the surprise, the the committee of the lords of council indignation, and the contempt of for foreign trade to his Majesty, on this
every friend to truth, to toleration, occasion, states it, “ as contrary to the “ principles of toleration established in to decency, on reading similar lan« this kingdom;" as well might the thieva guage to that we have quoted, in a ish cur complain of intolerance, who was modern publication, conducted by hanged for sucking eggs or murdering men of learning and talents, the poultry! Toleration, indeed! to look professed friends of religion and toon while these designing knaves were leration! The following extracts effecting our ruin. We know not upon what honest principle his Majesty's
may, however, enable our readers ministers could have advised the sus to determine, —who is the most de. pension of this law, when they well scrving of censure for his intolerant know that the board of controul of calumnies, the Editor of the Jamaica the East Indies, that favoured colony, Gazette, or the Editor of the Edins are so entirely of our way of thipking, burgh Review that they have without animadver- 5 sion from government, issued
“ We are a good deal amused in
the most peremptory orders to send all the deed with the extreme disrelish which missionaries home on the slightest ap- Mr. Styles exhibits to the humour pearance of disturbance. We would and pleasantry with which he admits ask Lord Castlereagh if this bę tolera- the methodists, that'nest of consecration? but, alas! the West India islands ted cublers, to have been attacked; are the foot-balls of ministry. ...but Mr. Styles should remember,
We know not what their lordships 'mean by no regular clergymen being
that it is not the practice with the provided for, as they cannot be ignorant
destroyers of vermin to allow the that one for each parish has a very little victims a veto upon the weahandsome provision, besides considera- pons used against them. If this were ble emoluments.
otherwise, we should have one set
of vermin banishing small tooth · REMARKS BY THE EDITOR. combs; another protesting against
That the slave-holders of Jamaica mouse-traps; a third prohibiting the • who have done every thing in their finger and thumb; a fourth exclaim
power to prevent the abolition of ing against the intolerable infamy the Slave trade, should endeavour of using soap and water, It is im. to introduce a code of intolerance in possible, however, to listen to such our West India islands, is only act- pleas. They must all be caught, ingin character; and that their hire killed, and cracked, in the manner, lings should lavish every species of and by the instruments which are abuse on those whose benevolent ef- found most efficacious to their de forts have a tendency to promote struction, and the more they cry the comfort of the negroes in this out, the greater plainly is the skill Life, and their welfare in the life to used against them. conic, is nothing more than might. When men, whose proper talk be expected. The labours of the is of þullocks, pretend to have wis
dom and understanding,' is it not ON THE CONDUCT OʻF MINISTERS lawful to tell them they have none? . IN THE LATE AND PRESENT An ironmonger is a very respectable
WAR, mån so long as he is merely an - [From the Edinburgh Review.] ironmonger, an admirable man if he is a religious ironmonger, but a It must be confessed, that the prospect great blockhead, if he sets up for -a is at present sufficiently gloomy for the bishop or a dean, and lectures on
continent of Europe and for Englanda
" in so far as her interests are connect theology,
ed with the fortunes of her neighbours, " The missionaries complain of France is surrounded either with states intolerance. A weasel might as well who murmur in silence, and vent their complain when he is throttled for indignation at her oppressions in solitat sucking eggs !*
ry and impotent curses; or with nations The above extracts may serve for favourably disposed to her, willing to aid a specimen of the manner in which
her iniquities, and well pleased to share
in their fruits. This calamitous state of the body of the methodists, and the things has been brought about by the missionary societies have been treat- mutual jealousies of the great continental ed by the Edinburgh Reviewers.' powers--by their want of principle to The whole article is written in a wards their weaker neighbours, und by strain of abusive cowardice, and in their domestic corruptions--the profligalanguage only fitting for the critics cy of their governmenls--the obstinate of Billingsgate. The Reviewer dared and
infatuated - resistance to those improve
ments which alone could have opposed an not meet the distinguishing princi- effectual barrier to the conquests of the ples and conduct of the persons he french revolution. These are the rereprobates, and therefore he most mote causes of the almost universal do-foully slanders them. We are by minion which has crowned the darings no means insensible to the weak- and the crimes of our enemy. But we nesses and follies of methodists or must look nearer home for his accommissionaries, but we will at the same
plices for those who have betrayed the
continent into his hands, when they time affirm, that a misrepresentation might have saved it by their prudence more gross of the principles and from the certain destruction of premaconduct of either, was never given ture and insulated efforts-united it by to the world than that contained in the justice and forbearance of their the article we have quoted : and we councils--and rendered it powerful as. may safely add. that if such miste sistance by a disinterested and generque presentation, is not as wilful as it is
application of their resources. Placed
at a distance from the petty quarrels of gross, not the most illiterate of the the different courts; exeinpted from all “ nest of consecrated coblers;" or the suspicion of ambitious views; destined "greatest blockhead” amongst the by her sityation to derive advantage only " preaching ironmongers," could, from peaceful intercourse with every
hen“ lecturing on theology." disa neighbour; forbidden, by the nature of cover greater ignorance on the sub- things to reap any benefit from that in,
tercourse, without conferring an equal ject, than those polite scholars, those
good in return; enjoying a high characlearned dictators, the Edinburgh Re ter among all nations for honour and geviewers, have discovered throughout nerosity; tog weak by land to excitę any the whole of the article on the sub- jealousy; by sea too powerful to have jects of “ Methodists and Mission- any rival; capable, by her resources, of " aries.”
turning the balance when it hung even,
• though unable to act alone:- England, * Edinburgh Review, No. 47, for April. at the beginning of the last war, stood From a similarity of sentiment and style, in the very situation which the fancy of one might be led to conclude, that the a statesman would have selected, had he Editor of the Jamaica Gazette is an oc- been required to choose one for a comcasional writerių the Edinburgh Review! non umpire of national disputes !-And