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near Morpeth, recommending a re- tion of free states, that many able gard for the public good as peculiarly lawgivers have formed institutions to deserving the attention of the people check and guard against it :-with of England at the present period. 1 us, on the contrary, every possible am persuaded Sir, that no man feels encouragement has been given that a more pure and generous aspiration could facilitate the combined inunfor the welfare of his fellow citizens, dation of wealth, luxury and polithan my worthy friend the writer of tical corruption. that letter; notwithstanding I know, Another great impediment to this that he considers that end likely to laudable inquiry into objects of be promoted by means which I cer- public utility proceeds from the very tainly do not. It is I conceive, con- parties themselves, who profit by sistent with divine justice and good- those very abuses which the interest ness, that man should feel, from his of society requires to be investigated own experience, sufficient proof to and redressed. These harpies, fatconvince him, that war is, in its tening on public plunder, set up ini very nature and effects, repugnant to concert so tremendous à cry, whchhis welfare and happiness; and of ever they perceive any one likely to all' wars, the present has, I presume, deprive them of their prey, that he been proved by experience to be, in must be a man of extraordinary inan eminent degree, hostile to the trepidity who will dare to proceed in public good of this country. Here the attempt: his ears are immediI apprehend we differ inaterially; ately assailed with epithets the most but on the subject of the letter above 'formidable: instead of being consiadverted to, I am happy to concur dered, as in reality he is, deserving in sentiment with the respectable the peoples'thanks for his endeavours writer, and to say, that it is in my to rescue them from a confederated opinion become a duty incumbent gang of peculators, he is called a on every man, and indeed on every fomenter of discontent, a sower of woman of cultivated, or even plain sedition, a dissaffected man, a democommon understanding, to take an crat, jacobin or downright rebel; interest in the public weal, now so and his zeal for the interests of the greatly endangered; and particularly third branch of our constitution is to investigate the merits of certain considered as little less than a mask political questions now in agitation, to cover his treason against the on which so inatcrially depend the first; as if it were impossible for any happiness of their own private fami- man to be the friend of the people lies, and that of their country without becoming thereby the enemy

It might indeed be expected that of the throne. This artifice of coversuch objects should at all times ing crimes of the greatest atrocity occupy in a peculiar degree the at- against the public with the mantle tention of a free people; that is, in of royalty, has been practised by case they estimated their freedom as wicked ministers in all ages ; but it they ought to do, beyond all other is not the only one by which the earthly blessings : but alas! when a people of this country have been nation is in a state of intoxicating deterred from prosecuting any proprosperity, as the British nation till jects for the general good; a general of late years has been, aggrandising distrust is excited, and indeed not itself yearly and individually in without foundation, that all patriowealth and commerce, these objects tic professions for the public advanare generally neglected ; and hence tage, are but hypocriticalexpedients it is that opulence has been consi- to supplant those who happen to dered so dangerous to the constitu- be in power at the time being. Is

fact it has been common for such crown as virtue, and a regard for persons. when in authority, impu- the welfare of the people as folly. dently to avow their own corruption, Thus'a patriot is called a cat's paw, and to laugh at the patriotism assu- a downright fool, and falls a sacrimed pro tempore by those in oppo- fice to the intemperance of a mob or sition : indeed such has been the the art of some cunning politician. practice of the ins and the outs, that That poetic pander of despotism, is, of those whose fingers were in or John Dryden, has expressed this idea out of the public purse, that the pils to the delight of these tory gentlemen. fering itch or propensity was obvious “ The peoples' brave! the politician's in both; both were evidently di

(tool!” rected by the same principle of gene

“Never was patriot yet but was a fool!" ral plunder-by the grand, funda

Now, Mr. Editor, cannot you mental maxim of modern politics,

conceive that there is many a man Every man has his price. — Thus

who would wish to contribute to the the nation, like a poor, suffering

good of his fellow citizens, but who patient, impressed with the autho

would not like to be considered as a rity of this rule, resigned itself of

fool, or a traitor ; or compared to course to the blood sucking opera

“a cat mounted at the tail of a tion, as an affair of necessity; and

“ paper kite;" and yet Sir, if a man became naturally indifferent which

act upon such principles in public, were the leeches that exhausted its

if he would even avow them in priprecious, but devoted , blood. If vate society, he must expect to enhowever an honest man did at any counter the sncers and the ridicule time dare to intrude with a view of of all those important persons in rescuing his country from so deplo- power, or who are connected with rable a state, the whole fraternity of ang

of and benefitted by it, or who expect placemen, and place-hunters took

ok and aspire to it; a chain of connecthe alarm, and either endeavoured tion that extends almost ad infinitum. by kind advice to make him renounce

Let us not wonder then that there is the ridiculous and disloyal design, or

so little true patriotism in the counassa iled him by calumny and falses

try: but I am convinced notwithhood. It is a part of political leech. standing, that there is no country craft to keep up an opinion that the where there is so much real benevopeople are by nature capricious and

lence, so ardent a desire to promote ungrateful; and therefore, that their

heir the good of others as there is in censure or applause ought to be re

England ; but this desire is chilled, garded with equal indifference by

and prevented from producing any every man of common sense. Soame

political advantage by the corrupJenyns, who was a sinecure seeker

tion in the government; and by the for many years, discovers a good

influence of those, whose rank enadeal of this leechcraft in his writings.

bles them to give the ton to the pubTo render popularity as ridiculous

enleve lic sentiment. as possible, he compares a person

It is remarkable that there seldom ascending to fame on the wings of passes a week, without our reading popular applause, « to a cat mounted in the public papers of some person "to the clouds, tied to the tail of a

of a risking his life to save another from " paper kite, where she kicks and drowning, suffocating, or some such

sprawls about for a little time, but accident. These are events that "soon the wind shifts, or the cord seldom happen in

cord seldom happen in other countries, * breaks. and down she tumbles !” and when they do, are admired as

Another part of this craft is to prodigies : yet with all this philan. represent a blind devotion to the thropy in the English character, the

VOL. VI.

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seem indifferent to the fate of their fashions discard not only their sense, sinking, their pillaged, their almost but their interest. They call the ruined country. The general good patriot a fool! but they themselves are and happiness of the whole empire guilty not of imputed, but of real hardly attracts a thought, whilst life folly, of folly of the grossest descripitself is risked to save some wretch tion:with true asinine stupidity from self-destruction whose existence they are content to become beasts of is a burden to him; or to pursue burden to those very persons who some desperate highwayman who have taught them to abjure all pubhas levied some petty contribution lic integrity; they are content to upon a traveller, whilst the country divide with these public marauders at large is robbed by wholesale by profession, their goods and chat

It is Sir, not only painful,, but tels, and even their landed estates : humiliating to an extreme degree, but the peculators are not content to trace the progressive influence of even with this, they insist on bringcorruption in this country : like ing in likewise their friends and other fashions it has been set by the their families to a participation of higher orders, and has descended the spoil; and these sapient politieven to the lowest. Such has been cians are contented to admit them, its prevalence, that persons who in and to see men, women and childomestic life adhered to the princi- dren billeted upon them from geneples of justice and benevolence, who ration to generation. In the midst scorned to defraud any one, or exact of these extortions, they have howin any case that which was not ever, the consolation to call the pastrictly their due, and who contri- triot a fool, for endeavouring to buted with laudable satisfaction to rescue the property of the middling the comforts and happiness of others, classes, and the industry of the poor, have nevertheless, from shame or from these devouring locusts : this fear, been deterred from carrying no doubt is a strong mark of his into public life, the same honesty folly ; as well as the circumstance and philanthropy which they prace of his taking care to preserve that, ticed in private. They have been which some have considered as the afraid to stand up as exceptions to most precious of all things, his own the rule that supposes every man self-approbation; which I will be susceptible of being bribed ;---or in bound to say no man can have, how short of being a rogue: they have ever just he may be, who patronises been ashamed to countenancereform, the injustice of others. because that is held by the setters Such are the causes which, in my of political fashions to be jacobinical opinion, have hitherto prevented in and disaffected. Surely, Sir, nothing this country, any extraordinary exs can prove a greater degree of naertions in behalf of the puhlie good; tional depravity than this vicious hut these impediments are at preand criminal complaisance, by which sent, I am happy to say, in a state some men, really honest in private of decline, and most ultimately yield: life, abet the direct contrary quality to truth; which needs only freedom in public, by which they become of enquiry to enable it to obtain a in reality the factors of peculation, complete triumph over all those deand though not robbers themselves, lusions so hostile to the peace and arc, as one of Falstaff's light-fingered happiness of man. Attempts have gang expresses it, “ content to do the indeed been made to fetter the free« profession some grace" by giving dom of the press, but they have not it their countenance.

succeeded; and the public mind has These servile imitators of political in spite of those attempts, made

considerable advances from that tene- in policy to be conferred, as honour brous and degraded state in which should be on a'brave and deserving Mr. Pitt, by a sort of magic spell, soldier. had for some time the power of re

TIMOTHY TRUEMAN. taining it. Several circumstances Devonshire, Aug 16. might be alledged in proof of this, one in particular deserves notice.It was intended to make Mr. Wardle ON THE MANUFACTURE OF SAIL descend like Soame Jenyns's cat, but CLOTH; AND THE CONTRACTS it would not do: the people it was OF GOVERNMENT IN THAT thought were veering about with

ARTICLE. every blast: Sir Vicary Gibbs tried to shift the wind like a Lapland The manufacture of canvass is an witch, but the spell failed. I was, object of the greatest importance to I do confess, alarmed- not for Mr. a commercial nation, and its qua-. Wardle's private character, for that lity ought to be the first, its price concerns nobody but himself; but only of secondary consideration. In for the character of the nation it the chace of an enemy's fleet, it is was gratifying however to find that on the strengh and goodness of the on this occasion the public shewed sails, that British freemen have to they were not to be imposed upon; rely for bringing them alongside; and also that they were not, as the fate of the battle is then soon pretended by the aristocrats, fickle, decided. ungrateful and unjust. Doubtless It may appear strange, but it is there is nothing more desirable in a true, that this article of indispenfree state than that the popular sen- sable necessity to the British navy, timent should be accurate; but and on which depends in so great a when thousands are yearly expended degree the safety of the fleet, and to mislead the public mind, how the empire, is now vastly inferior in difficult must it be for it to acquire quality, to what it was thirty or this precision ! Here then is a field forty years ago. While in our dock open for the patriot and philanthro- yards, the greatest attention is bepist to exert himself in order to stowed on the quality and seasoning counteract this baneful influence, of the oak, none at all is thought and correct, by the investigation of necessary to the canvass, although truth, the delusions propagated by of equal importance to the safety of corruption; a pursuit which, at the the ship and the lives of the sailors. same time that it must exalt and in- 'The very rules and regulations vigorate the mind by confirming in issued by the navy board for the us a love of justice, must be amply manufacture of government canvass rewarded by the satisfaction of an are defective; and it is impossible, approving conscience, which, in according to these rules, to produce public concerns, is the only remu- a good quality; however it does not neration that ought to be desired, seem to be the aim of the board to as it is generally allowed that it obtain the first fabric; they are conought to be, in acts of private cha- tent with a humble mediocrity that rity: this inestimable reward results the owner of a fishing smack would from the conscious performance of a despise. good action, and is far beyond any 'T'he inferiority of government çangratification to be derived from po- vass cannot be attributed to the mapular applause; which however, nufacturers, for they make it accord. when merited by great risks or exer- ding to their instructions; but to the tions in behalf of the public, ought mistaken policy of the navy board,

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who limit the price, and of course from its alternate exposure to warm the quality, who imagine that can- and cold, dry and wet weather. Milvass of a certain rate is sufficient for dew is the first perceptible symptom the purpose, and have no wish that of fermentation, to which all vegeit should be a better quality, be- table substances are liable, and its cause then it would be too good for progress will be rapid or slow in the use. Thus trifling with the great proportion to the quantity of mucus interests of the nation, as if his Ma- they contain. The fermentation of jesty's ships, and the lives of his all vegetable and animal substances, brave seamen, were of less impor- induces new compounds, and consetance than a revenue cutter, or a quently separates their component Bridport smack, neither of which parts : hence their gradual decay, would use such canvass as govern- and at last their final dissolution." ment receives, although it were of- On this principle we may deterfered to them for nothing.

mine the superiority of Bridport The professed reason for ordering canvass. It is cleansed by alkaline this middle sort of canvass, is that it salts and the process of bleaching. can be obtained at a middle price, to a loss of 25 per cent, and we may and it is thought good enough for a reasonably conclude, that the mucus man of war:-it is neither the highest is altogether removed, or nearly so, nor lowest the country produces. It It will not therefore be so apt to. is however a common observation, mildew as governmentcanvass, which and perhaps a true one, that the is only cleansed to a loss of 7 per highest priced manufactured com- cent. The difference of price between modities, are generally the cheapest Bridport and government sail cloth in the end. Being made of better is 6d. or 8d. per yard; and what does materials, and more labour bestowed this paltry saving signify to the nas, on their finishing, they compensate tion, compared with the consequenthe purchaser, by longer service as ces that may result from the use of well as their superior fitness for the an article on which so much depends purpose intended.

as the lives of those brave men, who Government canvass is made of a have secured the independence of warp, or chain of fax yarn weighing Britain, humbled the pride of her about 20lbs. laid double; the woof enemies, and raised her maritime or shute is of hemp yarn, drove on glory to a pitch that defies all pa: single, weighing about 24lbs.-Both rallel. The loss of an officer, or warp and woof yarn are once boiled even a cabin boy, who may inherit in an alkaline ley, and suffera waste the soul of a Nelson, may be of of about 7 per cent, which is again more importance to Britain, than recovered by the application of starch many millions sterling : the impoto the chain and the bolt, which when licy of supplying the navy with canfinished for a No. 1. weighs 44lbs. vass of an inferior quality, cannot

Bridport canvass which is the best therefore be tuoseverely reprehended. in the kingdom, is made wholly of There can be no doubt but the fax varn boiled in alkaline salțs, contractors for manufacturing canand bleached by grassing, by which vass for government, could make it operations ițsuffers a loss of about 25, as of good quality as the Bridport, per cent,

if they were allowed an adequate .! To ascertain the diference of value price; for there is no mystery in the

to the consumer between these two business of making sail.cloth, and kinds of canvass, it is only necessary one man can make it as well as anon to observe, that the great defect of ther if he bestow the same expence, el capvass, is its aptitude to mildew,

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