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of the state. But we are willing to tension of the revenue of the people; hope that the conclusion necds not by opening new channels of employbe pushed so far; and we shall, for ment for their capital at home and the present, confine ourselves to the abroad, while we carefully preserve position, unquestionably supported, those which are already accessible: not only by the foregoing statement, At the same time, every practicable but by facts within every man's method should be resorted to, of knowledge-- that we have now ar- diminishing our expenditure, by a rived at the point where the attempt rigorous and discerning reform of to raise one tax, will only lower the abuses. We are persuaded, that, produce of another - that a man (we will not say, a great, but) a cannot pay the full amount of his very considerable income may be property-tax, and at the same time derived from this source. Let any consume as many of the articles man reflect on the remark which he which pay duties to government, if must so frequently have made while these duties are raised ; and, vice passing through the halls, the chamwersá, that he cannot consume as bers, the offices, and the gardens of much of those articles at the former an English grandee's palace, and, duties, if his property shall be taxed still more, while considering the more heavily.
manner in which his estates are-ma. · If the nation has at last reached naged— " The loss and the waste of this point if the revenue of the thousands by the year," is the thought people is now made to pay as much which ever and anon presents itself. towards the revenue of the state as Who can doubt, then, that much is any human means can extort from wasted in an establishment which it-if the natural period of taxation, costs above ninety millions a yearis at length arrived by the public which is spread over many thouincome outstripping that of indivi- sand, square miles entrusted to duals — (and, surely, when we re- multitudes who have no interest in ficct, that besides twenty-two milo being economical, and watched over lions borrowed, above seventy mil. hastily, incidentally, and according lions sterling are at present raised to rules devised when it was in the within the year by taxes, we cannog bud, by a few persons who volunmarvel at this crisis being come*); teer their services, change every day,
-how clearly must every thinking and must see all abuses at a vast man perceive, that the whole system distance, if they see them at all? In of our policy depends, for its exis- the present state of our affairs, we tence, upon the continuance of our may be well assured, that the danger commerce,-that inextricable con- which chiefly besets us is not that fusion will arise from any consider- of parsimony. From this source we able diminution of the income of can descry nothing to appal us, exthe country, --and that the only cept, perhaps, the risk of bringing means of augmenting the public re- the cause of reform into a temporary venue, must be sought in the CX- discredit, by too rash and indiscri
minate a pursuit of it. But, from * The revenue raised by Great Bri- a continuance o
a continuance of our present scale tain, 'n 1809, is estimated at 65,885,3451.
1: of expenditure, coupled with what including the surplus of 1808, and exclusive of money raised hy loan and ex
is infinitely more ruinous-a concheguerbills, to the amount of 18,660,0001. tempt for the only means of meeting The net revenue of Ireland, in 1808, ex- it;-- from a disinclination to retrench clusive of about 4,000,000l. loans, was whatever is useless in our outgoings, 4,571,2501 ; so that the revenue of the and, still more, from an aversion to empire may be reckoned at 70,456,6921. those conciliatory measures, which, with perfect safety to our honour, Cloth .. do. ...i
4,016 Great Coats .....
50,000 may enable us to keep up, and even
Suits Clothing ...
92,000 to augment, our national income;
35,000 from a conduct so infatuated as this,
96,000 we foresee, at no great distance, the Shoe Soles .........: 15,000 approach of confusion and dismay' Calico: . Pieces, &c. &c. 22,212 in every branch of our affairs,and Canteens ..........
60,000 the final conquest of an empire which Haversacks ......... 54,000
16,000 we sincerely and proudly believe. Hats and Caps .......
Pouches and Belts
240,000 nothing else can ever shake.*
Pieces Sheeting . .
762 Shoes ............
78,000 SUPPLIES SENT TO SPAIN AND
Shoe Soles ....:
35,000 Boots ........
Cloth .. Yards ...... 125,000 OFFICIAL ACCOUNT
The following is a list of the articles Of the expence incurred in furnishing
sent since the above account was deliarms, and other ordnance supplies, to
vered to the House of Commons and the Spaniards and Portuguese, since
stated in the last Spanish papers to have May 1808: prepared pursuant to an been received at Cadiz from Great Briorder of the hon. the House of Com
tain : mons, dated the 27th of March 1809,
30,000 Muskets. 670,328l. 17s. 1d.
20,000 Swords. Pieces of Cannon.. 98 and 31,600
300,000 Flint Stones.' rounds of ammunition
20,000 Pikes Howitzers. ...... 38 and 7,200
2,500 Pair of Boots. rounds of ammunition.
48,600 Pair of Shoes. Carronades ...... 90 and 4,000
1,952 Pieces of Cloth for Jackets, rounds of ammunition.
12,000 Shirts, Musquets.......... 200,177
720 Pieces of Linen Cloth for Rifles. ............
Sheets. Swords. ...........
61,391 200 Pair of Traces. Pikes. ............ $ 79,000 22,212 Pieces of Cotton, containing Infantry Accoutrements, sets 39,000
880,000 yards. Ball Cartridges ....... 23,477,955
40,000 Uniforms. Lead Balls. ...... .. 6,060,000 36,500 Jackets. Whole Barrels of Powder. . 15,406
1,000 Pieces of Wool. Specie . : .......... L1,931,903
2,550 Belts. Bills of Exchange negociated L200,434
12,000 Green Uniforms. Camp Equipage. •.... 10,000
3,125 Pieces of Cloth. Tents ............
3,360 Pieces of Woolen Serge. Linen . Yards........ 118,000
172 Bales of White and Blue Cloth Pieces. ...
4,100 3.000.000 Of ready made Cartridgesa Pouches . ....
4,800 Quintals of Fish. Boots ....:
8,400 Quintals of Rice. Shoes .....
233,400 Suits .......
100 Cloth .. Yards .... a 125,000
Translation of the Chop, (the name * A blind desire of peace, arising from of the Chinese official documents) the pressure of taxes, would scarcely which the Isontoc of Canton addresprove less pernicious than the love of
sed to the senior commander, capa war, in which those taxes have had their
tains, officers, petty officers, and origin. As soon as the contest in Spain
others, belonging to the English more to consider this most important ships, at the port of Whampoa, and $ubject.
which was delivered to the said se VOL. VI.
nior commander, Captain Milliken introduced them into Macao; and Craig, of the Elphinstone, by the your chief supercargo uniting with Mandarins, deputed by the Isontoc, them, they are, with one accord, under a canopy of state, surrounded making disturbances. This being the by Chinese guards, under arms, case, I informed the Emperor, from errcted for the occasion, on French whom I have just received a decree,
Island, on the side of a hill, having in virtue of which, I again send 'a chinese camp on each side, on Mandarins deputed to inform them, : hills, each about one mile distant, that if they persist in detaining the , and all in view from the van ships soldiers, .a great many troops shall
of the honourable company's fleet, be immediately dispatched to destroy moored in line of battle, within and extinguish them, and to termigun-shot of the camps. Other camps nate this affair; for the consequence were also in sight from the fleet, of which the admiral and chief suon the hills of more distant is- percargo will be responsible. But lands. Each camp was attended you, captains, officers, passengers, by a regular establishment of long and other people of the ships, shall covered boats, for transporting the be free from all responsibility if you troops, with their tents, baggage, remain quietly in the observance of guns, ammunition, officers, horses, the laws; and after the soldiers of &c. &c. from one island to another, your nation shall be entirely withat once. The country ships were drawn, I shall feel it my duty to towed down the river, clear of the inform the Emperor, praying him company's ships.*
to have the goodness to permit you “], the Mandarin Vic, by fa- to carry on your 'trade as formerly. vour of my Prince, Isontoc of the But if you, giving ear to, and obeytwo provinces of Quangtong and ing the admiral and chief supercarQuangsi, member of the tribunal of go, unite yourselves to them to war, &c. direct this letter to the create disturbances, when afterwards captains, officers, passengers, and our innumerable soldiers shall arothers belonging to the English ships, rive, who shall destroy and burn, to warn you, that being certain that even if you are as hard as stone or your bad kingdom is situated on an jasper; I shall then be unable to island of the sea, and that you ori- use you with any indulgence, or to ginally employed yourselves in making free you from the net of the law in watches, to enable you to pay your which you will be ensnared. And in taxes ; afterwards, by the especial order that you may be obedient and and profound goodness of our great discreet, I direct this Chop to you. Emperor, who was desirous of bene- In the 13th year of the Emperor fitting you, he granted you permis- Kia King, on the 17th day of the sion to come to this empire to trade. 10th moon (3d December, 1808.") Behold what exalted and profound M em. Received on the 4th Dec. virtue belong to him !!! Notwith- 1808, froin the hands of the Manstanding this, the admiral of your darins delegated by the Isontoc, who kingdom, regardless of the laws, has were the military Brigadier Mandabrought here, for the first time, so- tin Chang, and the Quangchon-fop reign soldiers, and without leave (governor of the city of Canton) Fu.
TO HIS EXCELLENCY THF VICEROY * The British property at stake, in OF THE PROVINCES OF QUANGthe first instance, was at least five mil TONG AND QUANGSI, IN THE lions sterling in Canton, and as much
CHINESE EMPIRE. more afloat at Whampoa, in fourteen
May it please your Excellency, Company's ships, and in 26 ships belonging to the ports of British India.
We, the undersigned commanders
of the hon. English East India com- being required for other purposes, pany's ships at Whampoa, for our- but which, if called for, our laws selves, our officers, and our own and our honour would compel us to men, have the exalted honour to obey, whatever might be the conseacknowledge the receipt of your ex- quences. cellency's most gracious letter, deli- With sentiments of the most provered to us in French Island, on found veneration, and prayers for the 4th December, 1808, by the your excellency's welfare, we beg two Mandarins, whom we are in- leave to subscribe our names :formed it was your condescending Mr. Graig, Senior officer; Charles pleasure to send for that purpose. Prescott, William Moffat, Henry Our object of visiting this country Meriton, John Locke, William is purely for commercial purposes, Dunsford, R. H. Browne, James to continue in the same manner that J. Williamson, Charles B. Gribfriendly and useful intercourse which ble, Luke Dodds, First Officer has existed for centuries, and now for W. A. Montague, First Officer become, from its magnitude, of the for R. Nesbet, John Lochner, Wilvery first importance to both our liam Patterson, vast empires.
Hon. Company's Ship Elphinstone, We are taught in our own coun Whampoa, Dec. 7, 1809. try, that obedience to our laws is
ANSWER. the first essential to the well-being I, Isontoc, &c. in reply to your of the state ; the same must apply letter, have to inform you, that I to all countries; and we are, there. first thought that you, like your merfore, ordered, and endeavour to ve- chants, came to carry on trade, and nerate and obey yours : but such is that you would have joined with the nature of our own laws and con- your superiors, I mean the admiral stitution, that we dare not, even in and chief, to create disorders. Una foreign country, depart from alle- der this idea I sent you a chop. But giance to our own country, nor to seeing now that you do not think those who are dignified with its most proper to alter your way of thinking, cxalted representation.
using as a pretence the protection of We understand that our admiral, the Portuguese, I plainly know, that who is an officer of high rank, at you have joined your opinions with the request of the Portuguese, landed those of the above superiors, remainsome troops at Macáo, to help them ing in the same vain hope. I, the to defend it against attacks from the Isontoc, have repeatedly sent my French, This wicked nation, ever chops, declaring, that as long as since they murdered their sovereign, there remained a single soldier at Ma... have waged war upon all nations cao, and you would not obey my within their reach, and we under-: orders, I absolutely will not consent stand are now marching, by land, to your continuing to carry on your to make war upon the celestial em- trade. If you do not wish to trade, pire, as the British navy prevents you may take away your ships as them by sea.
you think proper; but if you are We of course wish to have no con- desirous of pursuing your mercan, cern with any disturbances in the tile negociations, it is necessary to, celestial empire, and we therefore remain peaceable, and to obey tho most humbly inplore your excellency laws, relying, with certainty, that to order the trade to be opened, that after your troops shall have entirely we may find employment, in the evacuated Macao, that your trade quiet habits of industry, which we shall be granted to you as formerly, fonceive would prevent our services. As your letter declares that you
must, of course, obey the laws of your sentiments, and if you send the imperial dynasty, this shews any more letters, I have given orthat you have respect and veneration ders that they shall not be received. for them, therefore I have directed In the 13th vear of Kia King. to you this chop, with all the effi- 21st day of the 10th moon (7th Dec, cacy possible, to open yet a way for 1898.) you, but after this dispatch, if your [Received on the 9th Dec. 1808.] admiral and you aļl will not change
CONSECRATION OF COLOURS. and contempt of the thinking and
respectable part of society.
The Halifax volunteers to the SIR,
amount of 1,100 having, as the acAlthough the ceremony, the hea- count officially published informs us, thenish, the profane ceremony of “ instantaneously tranferred its service “ consecrating,” (as it is ususally “ as volunteers to the local militia termed) the ensigns of war, blood- “ establishment, were shortly aftershed and desolation to the service of “wards presented with a pair of the God of peace, and of that Sa- “ most elegant colours by the town viour, the prince of peace, at whose " and parish: these colours were birth peace was proclaimed by An- “ given to the regiment who were gels, and whoat his death bequeathed “in quarters at Pontefract on the this blessing to his disciples, as the "10th of June last, by a deputation choicest he had to bestow:- Although " consisting of the Rev. Dr. Coul. this ceremony was in frequent use “ THURST the vicar, and W. Norris, during the last war, the offence it " and J. Smithson, Esqrs. the cong occasioned to the christian world, “ stables, accompanied by several and the disgust it gave to every one & other gentlemen.” who understood the New Testament, I shall, Sir, pass over the address would, it was hoped, have prevented presented to Col. Horton the comthe repetition of a farce sodisgraceful. manding officer, together with the But by what follows the public will colonel's answer, as they contain perceive, that the town of Halifax nothing but the mere common place has again been degraded, owing to professions of loyalty, and of the the officious zeal of a priest who has “ holy ardour of patriotism," which been equally distinguished, by his have been so often displayed at regard to the ceremonial parts of our such consecrations, and immediestablished church, and his love of ately afterwards at the most essens war and bloodshed. I hope Sir, you tial part of the service of the day, will not deem an account of the milz- the consecration dinner; on which tary-politico-religious farce which so important occassion, feasting, wine, recently passed at this town,, imz revelry, and numerous toasts drank proper for insertion in your Monthly with three times three, have so Register ; as it may serve as an in- suitably followed the drum-head stance of the servility, the phara: prayers, and afforded the most com, saism, and the hypocrisy of the day, plete demonstration of the “holy and as a warning to others how is ardour,” (as Col. Horton expresses they wound the cause of christianity, it) which flames in the breasts of and expose themselves to the ridicule these christian herpes : but the rea