« ZurückWeiter »
land Lieut.-General Grosvenor's division, battalions of the King's German legion, and the two 'light battalions of the King's received the enemy with their accus German legion have been also for the pre- 'tomed intrepidity ; and after a sharp sent brought on shore. Immediately on contest of some duration, forced him to the fall of Ramakins, I determined, as retire with very considerable loss in soon as the necessary arrangements were killed, wounded, and prisoners. In this made, to pass the infantry of Lieut.-Gen. affair the enemy has had another oppor the Earl of Rosslyn's corps, together tunity of witnessing the superior gallantry with Lieut.-Gen. the Marquis of Hantly's of British troops; in no instance has be division, and the light brigades of artil- succeeded in making the least impression lery, into South Beveland, to form a throughout our line; and on this occajunction with the reserve under Lieut. sion, so far from profiting by his attempta. Gen. Sir John Hope, and that the cavalry he has been obliged to relinquish some
and ordnance ships, together with the very advantageous ground where our ad· transports for Lieut.-Gen. Grosvenor's vanced posts are now established. I
division, the moment their service could cannot too strongly express my sense of be spared from Flushing, should be the unremitting vigilance and ability brought through the slow passage, and manifested by Major-General Graham, proceeded up the West Scheldt, but of in securing and maintaining his post course this latter operation cannot take against the repeated attempts of the place until a sufficient naval force shall enemy to dislodge him; and I have have been enabled to enter the river, great satisfaction in acquainting your and to proceed in advance, but the very lordship, that the major-general mensevere blowing weather we have con- tions, in terms of the warmest approbastantly experienced, added to the great tion, the distinguished conduct and difficulty of the navigation, has hitherto gallantry of the officers and troops enbaffled all their efforts. By letters frota gaged on this occasion. I am now enaLieut.-Gen. Sir John Hope, I' find that bled to transmit, for your lordship's inthe enemy had, on the 5th inst. come formation, an abstract return of the down with about 28 gun-vessels, before ordnance, ammunition, and stores that Batz, on which place they kept up a have fallen into our hands since our arri smart cannonade for some hours, but val in this island. were forced to retire by the guns from I have the honour to be, &c. the fort, and every thing has since re
CHATHAM. mained quiet in that quarter. I have [Here follows a return of sundries, the honour to enclose a statement of the ordnance, stores, &c. taken at different casualties that have occurred in the places.) several corps before Flushing, since the Return of the number of killed, wounded last returns of killed and wounded. and missing, in the affair of the 7tk I have the honour to be, &c.
CHATHAM. Total, 1 serjeant, 13 rank and file Return of the number of killed, wounded, killed ; 1 captain, 4 lieuts. S ensigns,
and missing, since last return (August serjeants, 126 rank and file wounded; 8), to August 6, inclusive.
1 brevet major, 4 rank and file missing, Total, 1 assistant-surgeon, 25 rank i and file killed ; 1 major, 6 lieutenants, Admiralty-Office, August 12. 9 ensigns, 4 serjeants, 114 rank and file (Copy of a Letter transmitted by wounded; 4 rank and file misisng.
Spartan, Trieste, April 27. MY LORD-Since closing my dispatch My LORD—I have the honour to inof vesterday's date, the enemy, towards form your lordship, that being with the five o'clock' in the evening, in consider- Amphion and Mercury off the town of able force made a vigorous sortie upon Pesaro, on the 23d instant, I observed the right of our line, occupied by Major- a number of vessels lying in the Mole, General Graham's division. The attack and thought it practicable to take pos was principally directed upon our ad session of them, for which purpose the vanced piquets, which were supported ships were anchored with springs upon by the 3d battalion of the royals, the their cables, within half a mile of the Bth and S5th regiments under Col. Hay, town, the boats formed into two diviThese corps, together with detachments sions, the first consisting of launches of the royal artillery, the 95th and light with carronades and other boats carrying
ing field-pieces, under the orders of inhabitants and sunk; some were still Lieut. Philott, first lieutenant of the aground, and dismantled; there were Amphion, took a station to the north- besides a few in ballast, and a number ward of the town, and the second divi- of fishing vessels. I should have burnt sion, consisting of rocket-boats, under the merchant vessels, but was apprethe order of Lieut. Baumgardtt, of the bensive of setting fire to the town, and Spartan, to the southward, both divi- destroying the fishing boats. I tberesions commanded by Lieut. Willis, first fore directed Lieut. Willis to blow up of the Spartan; as soon as these arrange- the castle at the entrance of the harbour, ments were made, I sent a flag of truce and bring off his people: this he did at on shore, to demand the surrender of seven o'clock. I am happy to say we all the vessels, adding, that should any did not hear of any lives being lost in resistance be made, the governor must the town, although many of the houses be answerable for the consequences. I were much damaged. One man only gave him half an hour to deliberate. At was killed by the explosion of the castle; half-past eleven a. m. the officer returned after the match had been lighted, and with a message from the commandant, our people retreated, he approached it stating, that in half an hour I should re- a musket was fired over him, to drive ceive his answer. I waited 35 minutes him away, but he sought refuge behind from the time the boat came alongside, the castle, and was buried in its ruins. when observing no flag of truce flying on As the enemy made no active resisshore, but that troops were assembling tance, I can only express my admirain considerable numbers in the street, tion of the real and promptitude with and on the quays, and that the inhabi- which Capt. Hosle and the Hon. Henry tants were busily employed in dismant- Duncan, executed the orders they re ling the vessels, I hauled down the flag ceived, and the manner in which they of truce, and fired one shot over the placed their ships. Lieut. Willis, upon town to give warning to the women and this, as upon every other occasion, dischildren, and shortly after made the played the greatest energy, skill, and signal to commence firing, which was judgment; the arrangements he made instantly obeyed by the ships and boats. for the defence of his party, whilst in At thirty-two minutes after twelve ob- the harbour, and the expedition used serving several flags of truce hung out in sending out the prizes, do him the in the town, I made the signal to cease highest credit. Lieut. Philott and Lieut, firing and Lieut. Willis pulled into the Baumgardtt, in the command of their harbour, where he was informed that respective divisions, and Lieut. Moore the commandant had made his escape in that of the marines, was also exemplary, with all the military. I considered the I have the honour to be, &c. place as surrendered at discretion, and
J. BRENTON. gave orders for all the boats to be em- [Here follows a list of 13 of the eneployed in bringing out the vessels, and my's vessels captured in the port of the marines to be landed to protect them. Pesaro, by his Majesty's ships Spartan, Lieut. Willis made the most judicious Amphion, and Mercury, on April 23.] arrangements to put these orders into
Spartan, Rovigno, May 5. execution; the marines were drawn up My LORD,On the 2d inst, the Sparon the Marna, under Lieut. Moore of tan and Mercury chased two vessels into the royal marines of the Amphion, the the port of Cesabatico, the entrance of launches stationed in such a manner as which is very narrow, and was defended to enfilade the principal streets, and the by a battery of two guns, (24 pounders) other boats' crews employed in rigging and a castle; observing at the same time the vessels and laying out warps to haul several other vessels lying there, I deterthem off with, as soon as the tide should mined to take possession of them if pos, flow. About two p. m. I received a sible. This coast is so shoal, that we letter from the commandant dated half had only four fathoms considerably out past one, demanding another hour for of gun-shot of the town; I was therefore deliberation. I refused him a moment, under the necessity of sending the boats and told him, that in case of resistance, ahead, and on each bow to lead us in, I should destroy the town. By half past with directions to make a signal when in six, thirteen vessels deeply laden, as three fathoms.-We were by this means per inclosed list, were brought off; se- enabled to anchor at noon in a quarter-3 veral others had been scuttled by the within range of grape of the battery, and
very soon silenced it when the boats tion of attacking Venegas's corps. uuder the command of Lieut. Willis, 1st Venegas, however, retired into the of the Spartan, pushed in, and took pos- mountains of the Sierra Morena. session of it, turning the guns upon the castle and town, which were soon after
and Col. Larcy with his advanced deserted. We captured in the port guard attacked a French advanced twelve vessels, some laden with corn for corps in the night, and destroyed Venice, and the others being in ballast. many of them. The French troops We filled them with hemp and iron out then returned again to the Tagus, of the magazines for those articles that which river Joseph had crossed with were on the quay, and in which the sails the reinforcement which he had taken and rudders of some of the vessels were
to Sebastiani's corps ; and this last concealed. Another large vessel laden with iron, which lay at the entrance of corps, consisting of ten thousand the harbour scuttled, we burnt, and men only, was on the left bank of after blowing up the castle and magazine, the Tagus, about Madnelejos, in 'destroying the battery, and spiking the front of Venegas, who was again glins, the boats came off, I am happy advancing. The last accounts from to say, without the loss of a man or anythi
y this quarter were of the 8th. The person being wounded, although much exposed to the fire of the battery, as
as French army under Victor, joined by well as musketry, nor was any damage the detachments brought by Joseph done to the ships.--The Mercury, from from Sebastiani's corps, and amounCapt. Duncan's anxiety to place her as ting in the whole to about thirty-five near the town as possible, took the ground thousand men, are concentrated in but in so favourable a position as gave the ncighbourhood of Talavera, and the fullest effect to her fire. She was,
on the Alberche; General Cuesta's however, hove off by six p. m. without having sustained any injury. I never wit- army has been in the position which nessed more zeal and energy than was I informed your lordship that it had evinced by Capt. Duncan upon this occa- taken up since I addressed you on sion. Lieut. Willis displayed great gal- the 1st instant. The advanced guard. lantry in taking possession of the battery of the British army arrived here on the moment the ships had ceased firing; the sth and the troons which were in the exertions with which he turned the
with me on the Tagus arrived by the guns against the place; his exertions also in bringing out the vessels were very 1
10th; the 23d light dragoons and great. Much credit is also due to the the 48th arrived yesterday ; the 61st officers and men of both ships for their regiment will arrive to-morrow. I 'activity. I have the honour to be, &c. went to General Cuesta's quarters at
J. BRENTON. Almarcz on the 10th, and stayed
there till the 12th, and I have ar : Downing-street, Aug. 11. ranged with that general à plan of Dispatches, of which the following operations upon the French army,
are extracts, have been received at which we are to begin to carry into the office of Lord Castlereagh, from execution on the 18th, if the French Lieut-General Sir Arthur Welles- should remain . so long in their
position. Placentia, July 15, 1809. The Spanish army under General MY LORD--After I had written Cuesta consists of about thirty-eight to your lordship on the 1st inst. thousand men(exclusive of Venegas's Joseph Bonaparte crossed the Tagus corps), of which seven thousand are again, and joined Sebastiani with
cavalry. About fourteen thousand the troops he had brought from Ma- men are detached to the bridge of duid, and with a detachment from Arzobispo, and the remainder are Marshal Victor's corps, making the in the camp under the Puerte de corps of Sebastiani about twenty Mirabete. I have the pleasure to eight thousand men, with an inten- inform your lordship, that the seven
ley, K. B.
battalions of infantry from Ireland poned till this morning by desire of and the islands, and the troop of General Cuesta, when the different horse artillery from Great Britain, corps destined for the attack were arrived at Lisbon in the beginning put in motion, but the enemy had of the month. General Craufurd's retired at about one in the morning brigade is on its march to join the to Santa Olalla, and thence towards army, but will not arrive here till Torrijos, I conclude to form a juncthe 24th or 25th. I have the ho-' tion with the corps under General nour to be, &c. ,
Sebastianı. I have not been able to ARTHUR WELLESLEY. follow the enemy as I could wish, Talavera de la Reyna, July 24. on account of the great deficiency of My LORD-According to the ar- means of transport in Spain. I in rangement which I had settled with close the copy of a letter, which I General Cuesta, the army broke up thought it proper to address upon from Placentia on the 17th and 18th this subject to Major-Gen. O'Doinst. and reached Oropesa on the noghue, adjutant-general of the Spa20th, where it formed a junctionnish army, as soon as I found that with the Spanish army under his this country would furnish no means command. Sir Robert Wilson had of this description. General Cuesta marched from the Venta de Bazagon has urged the central junta to adopt on the Tictar, with the Lusitanian vigorous measures to relieve our legion, a battalion of Portuguese wants; till I am supplied, I do not chasseurs, and two Spanish batta- think it proper, and indeed I cannot, lions on the 15th; he arrived at Are- continue my operations, I have great nason the 19th, and on the Albarche hopes, however, that before long I at Escalona, on the 23d. General shall be supplied from Andalusia Venegas had also been directed to and La Mancha with the means break up from Madrileyos on the which I require, and I shall then 18th and 19th, and to march by resume the active operations which Trenbleque and Ocana to Puen-. I have been compelled to relinquish. teduenas on the Tagus, where that I have the honour to be, &c. river is crossed by a ford, and thence
A. WellesLEY. to Arganda, where he was to arrive on the 22d and 23d. On the 22d, - GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. the combined armies moved from Downing-street, August 15. Oropesa, and the advanced guards Dispatches, of which the following are attacked the enemy's outposts at Copies and Extracts, were this day Talavera. Their right was turned received at the Office of the Lord by the 1st hussars and the 23d light : Viscount Castlereagh, one of his dragoons, under General Anson, di Majesty's Principal Secretaries of rected by Lieut.-General Payne, and Stute, from Lieutenant-General the by the division of infantry under right hon. Sir A. Wellesley, K. B. the command of Major-Gen. Mac- Talavera de la Reyna, July.29.. kenzie, and they were driven in by My LORD,--General Cuesta folthe Spanish advanced guards under lowed the enemy's march with his the command of General Sarja and army from the Alberche on the the Duc d'Albuquerque. We lost morning of the 24th, as far as Saneleven horses by the fire of cannon ta Olalla, and pushed forward his from the enemy's position on the Al- advanced guard as far as Corrijos, berche, and the Spaniards had some For the reasons stated to your men wounded. The columns were lordship in my dispatch of the 24th, formed for the attack of this position I moved only two divisions of infanyesterday, but the attack was post- try and a brigade of cavalry across the Alberche to Casalegos, under the which was, in eschelon and in second command of Lieut.-Gen. Sherbrooke, line, a division of infantry under the with a view to keep up the commu- orders of Major-Gen. Hill. There nication between Gen. Cuesta and was a valley between this height and me, and with Sir R. Wilson's corps a range of mountains still further at Escalona.
upon the left, which valley was not It appears that Gen. Vanegas had at first occupied, as it was comnot carried into execution that part manded by the height before menof the plan of operations which rc- tioned; and the range of mountains lated to his corps, and that he was appeared too distant to have any instill at Damiel, in La Mancha; and fluence upon the expected action. the enemy, in the course of the 24th, — The right, consisting of Spanish 25th, and 26th, collected all his troops, extended immediately in front forces in this part of Spain, between of the town of Talavera down to the Torrijos and Toledo, leaving but a Tagus. This part of the ground small corps of two thousand men in was covered by olive trees, and much that place. His united army thus intersected by banks and ditches.consisted of the corps of Marshal The high road leading from the Victor, of that of General Sebastiani, bridge over the Alberche, was de and of seven or eight thousand men, fended by a heavy battery in front the guards of Joseph Bonaparte, and of a church, which was occupied the garrison of Madrid, and it was by Spanish infantry. All the ave commanded by Joseph Bonaparte, nues to the town were defended in a aided by Marshals Jourdan and Vic- similar manner; the town was octor, and Gen. Sebastiani.
cupied, and the remainder of the On the 26th, Gen. Cuesta's ad- Spanish infantry was formed in two vanced guard was attacked near Tor- lines behind the banks on the roads zijos, and obliged to fall back, and which led from the town and the the general retired with his army on right, to the left of our position. that day to the left bank of the Al- In the centre, between the two arberche, General Sherbrooke continu- mies, there was a commanding spot ing at Casalegos, and the enemy at of ground, on which we had comSanta Olalla. It was then obvious menced-to construct a redoubt, with that the enemy intended to try the some open ground in its rear. Brig.result of a general action, for which Gen. Alexander Campbell was postthe best position appeared to be ined at this spot, with a division of the neighbourhood of Talavera, and infantry, supported in his rear by Gen. Cuesta having consented to Gen. Cotton's brigade of dragoons, take up this position on the morning and some Spanish cavalry. of the 27th, I ordered Gen. Sher- At about two o'clock on the 27th, brooke to retire with his corps to its the enemy appeared in strength on station in the line, leaving General the left bank of the Alberche, and Mackenzie with a division of infan- manifested an intention to attack try and a brigade of cavalry as an Gen. Mackenzie's division. The atadvanced post in the wood on the tack was made before they could be right of Alberche; which covered our withdrawn; but the troops, consistleft flank.
ing of Gen. Mackenzie's and Col. The position taken up by the Donkin's brigades, and Gen. Anson's troops at Talavera extended rather brigade of cavalry, and supported more than two miles; the ground by Gen. Payne with the other four was open upon the left, where the regiments of cavalry, in the plain British army was stationed, and it between Talavera and the wood, was commanded by a height on withdrew in good order, but witk