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tain, as suspended by the act of Majesty in council, issued on the congress above mentioned, and an 26th. of April last. act laying an embargo on all ships In consequence of official commuand vessels in the ports and har nications sent to me from his Mabours of the United States, and the jesty's government, since the adopseveral acts supplementary thereto, tion of that measure, I am enabled may be renewed.

to assure you that it has no connecGiven under my hand and seal of tion whatever with the overtures the U. S. at Washington, April 19, which I have been authorised to 1809, and 33d. of the independence make to the government of the United of the United States.

States, and that I am persuaded that James MADDISON. the terms of the agreement so hapMr. CANNING TO Mr, PINCKNEY. pily concluded by the recent nego

Foreign Office, April 30. ciation, will be strictly fulfilled on i SIR,-When I had the honour to the part of his Majesty. transmit to you, on the 24th. of De. The internal evidence of the order cember last, the orders in council itself would fully justify the foregopassed on the 21st of that month, I ing construction; and moreover it referred to that passage of my official will not have escaped your notice, note of the 23d. of September, 1808, that the repeal has not thereby been in which I stated to you, that " it made of the order of the 7th. of Jais not improbable indeed that some nuary, 1807, which according to the alterations may be made in the or- engagement I have entered into, on ders in council, as they are at pre- the part of his Majesty, is to be sent framed, alterations calculated abrogated with the other orders, in not to abate their spirit or impair consequence of the adjustment of their principle, but to adapt them differences between the two countries, more exactly to the different state of and the confidence entertained of a things which has fortunately grown further conciliatory understanding. up in Europe, and to combine all I have the honour to be, with the practicable relief to neutrals with a highest respect and consideration, more severe pressure upon thcenemy," Sir, your most obedient humble ser

and I at the same time explained to vant, : D. M. ERSKINE. you the grounds on which the design The Hon. R. Smith, &c. of the larger alterations which had Mr. Smith to Mr. ERSKINE. been in contemplation in September Department of State, June 16. was for the time laid aside. By the Sir. I have the honour to acorder of council, which I have now knowledge the receipt of your note the honour to inclose to you, that of this day, communicating the or: design, as explained in my official ders' in council, issued by bis Brinote of September 23d. is fully car- tannic Majesty on the 26th. of April ried into execution. I have the ho- last. nour to be, with the highest consi. However well persuaded the prederation, Sir, your most obedient sident may, at all times, have been, humble servant,

that the arrangement, so happily efGEORGE CANNING. fected by the late negociation, would W. Pinckney Esq. &c. &c.

be strictly fulfilled on the part of his [Here follows the British order of Britannic Majesty, he has, neverthe the 26th of April.] i

less, received with satisfaction your Mr. ERSKINE to Mr. Smith. renewed assurance to that effect, with

Washington, June 15. the further assurance, founded on SIR, I have the honour to in- official communications to you from elose the copy of an order of his your governinent since the adoption of the order in council of the 26th. strictions; and relying on the conApril, that that order was not in- ciliatory disposition of the United tended to have any connection what- States, had transmitted to their legaever with the overtures which you tion here, provisional instructions, have been authorised to make to the not only to offer satisfaction for the government of the United States.- attack on the frigate Chesapeake, I have the honour to be, with the and to make known the determinahighest respect, your most obedient tion of his Britannic Majesty to send servant,


an envoy extraordinary with powers Hon. D. M. Erskine. .

to conclude a treaty on all points

between the two countries; hut, EXTRA SESSION.

moreover, to signify his willingness, Washington, May 24.- This day in the mean time, to withdraw his both houses of congress assembled orders in council, in the persuasion in their respective chambers. In that the intercourse with Great Brisenate 21 members attended. In the tain would be renewed on the part lower house, at the first call, 120 of the United States.-These steps members appeared.

of the British government led to the Gen. Varnum is re-elected Speaker. correspondenceand the proclamation HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. now laid before you; by virtue of IVashington, May 23.- This day, which, the commerce between the at twelve o'clock, the President of two countries, will be renewable the United States communicated, by after the 10th day of June next. Mr. Graham, the following message Whilst I take pleasure in doing to both houses of congress.

justice to the councils of his BriFellow Citizens of the Senate, and of tannic Majesty, which, no longer

the House of Represcntatives. adhering to the policy which made On this first occasion of meeting an abandonment by France of her you, it affords me much satisfaction decrees a pre-requisite to a revocato be able to communicate the com- tion of the British orders, have submencement of a favourable change stituted the amicable course which in our foreign relations; the critical has issued thus happily; I cannot state of which induced a session of do less than refer to the proposal congress at this early period. heretofore made on the part of the

In consequence of the provisions United States, embracing a like resof the act interdicting coinmercial tóration of the suspended commerce, intercourse with Great Britain and as a proof of the spirit of accommoFrance, our ministers at London and 'dation which has at no time been Paris were, without delay, instructed intermitted ; and to the result which to let it be understood by the French now calls for our congratulations, and British governments, that the as corroborating the principles, by authority vested in the executive, to which the public councils have been renew commercial intercourse with guided during a period of the most . their respective nations, would be trying embarrassments. exercised in the case specified by The discontinuance of the British that act. Soon after these instruc- orders' as they respect the United tions were dispatched, it was found States, having been thus arranged, that the British government, antici- a communication of the event has pating, from early proceedings of been forwarded, in one of our pulcongress at their last session, the · lic vessels, to our minister plenipostate of our laws, which has had tentiary at Paris; with instructions the effect of placing the two bellige- to avail himself of the important Tent powers on a footing of equal re. addition thereby made, to the con



sideration which press on the justice fourth is expected to be ready in the of the French government a revoca- month of July. A report which the tion of its decress, or such a modi- secretary of the navy is preparing on fication of them, as they shall cease the subject, to be laid before conto violate the neutral commerce of gress, will shew at the same time the United States.

the progress made in officering and The revision of our commercial manning these ships. It will shew laws, proper to adapt them to the also the degree in which the proviarrangement which has taken place sions of the act, relating to other with Great Britain, will doubtless public armed vessels, have been carengage the early attention of con- ried into execution. gress. It will be worthy, at the It will rest with the judgment of same time, of their just and provi- congress to decide, how far the dent care, to make such further change in our external prospects alterations in the laws, as will more may authorise any modifications of especially protect and, foster the seve- the laws relating to the army and ral branches of manufacture, which navy establishments. have been recently instituted or ex- The works of defence for our seatended by the laudable exertions of port towns and harbours have proour citizens.

ceeded with as much activity, as the Under the existing aspect of our season of the year and other circumaffairs, I have thought it not ineon- stances would admit. It is necessistent with a just precaution, to sary, however, to state, that the have the gun-boats, with the excep- appropriations hitherto made being tion of those at New Orleans, placed found to be deficient, a further pro in a situation, incurring no expence vision will claim the early considerabeyond that requisite for their pre- tion of congress. servation, and conveniency for future The whole of the eight per cent. service, and to have the crews of stock remaining due by the United those at New-Orleans reduced to the States, amounting to five millions, number required for their navigation three hundred thousand dollars, had and safety.

been reimbursed on the last day of I have thought also, that our the year 1908. And, on the first citizens detached in quotas of mili- day of April last, the sum in the tia, amounting to one hundred thou- treasury exceeded nine and a half sand, under the act of March, 1808, millions of dollars. This, together might, not improperly, be relieved with the receipts of the current year from the state in which they were on account of former revenue bonds, held for immediate service. A dis- will probably be nearly, if not alto charge of them has been accordingly gether sufficient to defray the exdirected.

pences of the year. But the susThe progress made in raising and pension of exports and the conseorganizing the additional military quent decrease of importations, du. force, for which provision was made ring the last twelve months, will by the act of April, 1803, together necessarily cause a great diminution with the disposition of the troops, in the receipts of the year 1810, will appear by a report which the After that year, should our foreign secretary of, war is preparing, and relations be undisturbed, the revenue which will be laid before you will again be more than commensu

Of the additional frigates required rate to all the expenditures. by an act of the last session to be Aware of the inconveniences of a fitted for actual service, two are in protracted session, at the present readiness, one nearly so, and the season of the year, I forbear to call

the attention of the legislature to pensible attention to the other branches any matters not particularly urgent. of the legislature, and for prompt and

cheerful co-operation and assistance in It remains therefore only to assure

whatever might conduce to the happiyou of the fidelity and alacrity, with

ness and welfare of the colony. All this which I shall co-operate for the wel- I had a right to expect, because such fare and happiness of our country; was your constitutional duty; hecanse and to pray that it may experience such a conduct would have been a lasta continuance of the Divine blessings ing testimony, as it was the only one by which it has been so singularly sought for by his Majesty's government,' favoured.

of that loyalty and affection which you JAMES MADISON.

have so warmly professed, and which I believe you to possess, and because it was particularly called for by the criti

cal conjuncture of the times, and espeCANADA.

cially by the precarious situation in which

we then stood with respect to the AmeThe following singular Speech, rican states. I am sorry to add, that I addressed by the Governor of this have been disappointed in all these exprovince to the legislative assemblies, pectations, and in every hope on which

I relied. it is thought, by some, might have

You have wasted in fruitless debates, been, not unsuitably addressed to excited by private and personal animosicertain similar assemblies in other ties, or by frivolous contests, upon tri countries !

vial matters of form, that time and those Gentlemen of the Legislative Council, and talents, to which, within your walls,

Gentlemen of the house of Assembly. the public have an exclusive title; this

The advanced state of the season, abuse of your functions, you have preyour private convenience, and the happy ferred to the high and important duties change that has taken place in the rela- which you owe to your Sovereign and tions between his Majesty's government to your constituents; and you have been and that of the United States, from forced to neglect the consideration of which we may reasonably look for a per- matters of moment and necessity, which manence of the public tranquillity, to- were before you, while you have at the gether with other circumstances, have same time virtually prevented the introinduced me to put an end to this ses- duction of such others, as may have sion; and upon a full consideration of been in contemplation. If any further the events by which it has been marked, proof of this misuse of your time were I feel it to be a duty which I owe to his necessary, I have just presented it, in Majesty and to the province, to recur, having been called on, after a session as speedily as circumstances will permit, of five weeks, to exercise his Majesty's to the sense of his subjects, by calling a prerogative of assent, to only the same new parliament.

number of bilis, three of which were Gentlemen of the House of Assembly, the mere renewal of annual acts, to

When I met you at the commence which you stood pledged, and which rement of the present session, I had no quired no discussion. reason to doubt your moderation or So much of intemperate heat has been your prudence, and I therefore willingly manifested in all your proceedings, and relied upon both. Under the guidance you have shewn such a prolonged and of these principles, I expected from disrespectful inattention to matters subyou a manly sacrifice of all personal mitted to your consideration by the animosities, and individual dissatisfac- other branches of the legislature, that' tion; a watchful solicitude for the con- whatever might be the moderation and cerns of your country, and a steady per- forbearance exercised on their parts, a severance in the executing of your pub- general good understanding is scarcely lic duty, with zeal and dispatch. I to be looked for without a new assembly. looked for earnest endeavours to pro- I shall not particularly advert to other mote the general harmony of the pro- acts which appear to be unconstitutional vince, and a careful abstinence from infringements of the rights of the suhwhatever might have a tendency to dis- ject, repugnant to the very letter of that turb it ; for due, and therefore indis. statute of the imperial parliament under


which you hold your seats; and to have you have truly manifested your affection
been matured by proceedings, which to his Majesty's government, and your
amount to a dereliction of the first prin- just estimation of the real and permanent
ciples of natural justice; and I shall interests of the province.
abstain from any further enumeration Then the honourable Speaker of the
of the causes by which I have been in- legislative council said,
duced to adopt the determination, which Gentlemen of the legislative Council, and .
I have taken, because the part of your Gentlemen of the House of Assembly,
conduct to which I have already referred. It is his excellency the governor-in
is obviously and in a high degree, detri- chief's will that this provincial parlia-
mental to the best interests of the coun- ment be prorogued until Wednesday
try, such as my duty to the crown for the 21st of June next : and this provin-
bids me to countenance, and as com- cial- parliament is prorogued until the
pels me to have recourse to a dissolu- 21st day of June, next, accordingly.
tion as the only constitutional means,
by which its recurrence may be pre-

Gentlemen of the Legislutive Council,and
Gentlemen of the House of Assembly.
I shall give the necessary orders for


ROMANA 10 THE ASTURIANS. calling the new provincial parliament, as soon as convenience will perinit, end When our heroic nation became achaving no other object, and confident quainted with the pertidy of the tyraut . that no other will be attributed to me of France, she displayed all her energy but to preserve the true principles of to defend her liberty, her religion, and the free and happy coustitution of the the sacred rights of the throne, and she province, and to employ the power in- was aware of the calamity and weakness trusted to me by his Majesty, to the which must be the consequence of the only end for which I received it, and want of mutual co-operation for the pubthe good of his subjects, I have an en- lic defence. The people at that tune, tire confidence in the electors, to whom deprived of their legitimate sovereign, I shall recur, trusting that by the choice pointed out persons whom they approof proper representatives further mis- ved, to undertake the duties of the state, chiefs may be obviated, and the important from whom they expected security and interest of the colony, considered in the happiness. Under these circumstances, next session, with less interruption and the provincial juntas were formed, and happier effect.

to this coalition, which appeared to be I will not conceal from you that, it the etfect of inspiration or miracle, wę has been very much with the view to were indebted for those triumphs which obviate misrepresentation, if possible, were obtained against the enemy in vaand to enable the people to judge of the rious situations, at the commencement grounds which have been afforded me of the contest. for the conduct I have adopted, that I But in the midst of these sources of have entered into any detail upon this satisfaction, it must be acknowledged subject; the task has been painful to with much concern, that the junta of ine in the extreme, and I turn from it Asturias, although the most highly fa with peculiar satisfaction to offer you, voured by British generosity in aids of Gentlemen of the legislative council, the every description, has in the sinallest acknowledgments that are due to you degree contributed to the great work of for that unanimity, zeal, and unremit- driving the enemy from our native soil. ting attention, which you have shewn This junta was unhappily formed by inin your proceedings. It rests not with trigue, and by the preponderance of some you that so little has been accomplished individuals and families; it had in view for the public good. To a considerable the establishment in its own body of ab portion of the house of assembly my solute and indefinite power; the persons thanks are equally due. I trust they who composed, contemplated only their will believe, that I do them the justice reciprocal interests and passions; the of a proper discriinination, in the sense destruction of those under false pretences I entertain of their efforts to avert that and calumny, who should not subscribe conduct, of which I have so much kea- to their decisions, and the gratification son to complain. By this gentlemen, of others who should subscribe by pro

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