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Lord Porchester defended Sir F. Bur- the name and character of an absent dett, and made some remarks on the man; or if he did not so vilify it, to take suspicious conduct of leading men on care that a correct report of his real diferent sides of the house.
sentiments should go forth to the public. Mr. Tierney said, if the design of the How did he know what effect such insinoble lord (Porchester) who had just puation inight have in the course of the sat down, was to prove himself an honest suinmer? Iow could he hope not to be man, he might just as well have re- attacked by some seditious mob, roused mained silent, for certain persons would against his by such unfounded calumnever think him or any one else so, who nies? Such an assertion was directly did not acquiesce in all the chimeras of false,, and he called on the worthy bathe hon. baronet. It was the design of ronet either to deny or own it. He did him and his friends to excite such an not know how the worthy baronet could opinion ainong the people, and he be- bring himself to make such an assertion; lieved, in his soul, it was also their wish for his amiable manners in private life, not to have many supporters in that house, and his conciliatory conduct, were prolest their designs should fail, and the verbial. No man could be more mild public begin to think too favourably of than he was until he mounted the rosthe house. It was their desire to raise trum at the Crown and Anchor--then a popular ferment, by talking of abuses all was changed--all was abuse, and as which often had no existence, and by far as related to him, calumuy. In this vaunting of remedies which they never instance not only his design but his ignomeant to put in execution ! Far was it rance was exposed; and to prove it, he from their thoughts to come manfully would offer the worthy baronet, if he and constitutionally down to that house wished to turn a penny honestly, some and state their complaints, if any such thousand pounds, provided he would they really had. No, it suited them take on him the profit and loss of his better to make harangues at taverns, to political speculations. But what were mount the tables at the Crown and the worthy baronet's qualifications for Anchor, to tell the people to meet as this general censorship? What had he people, and look for redress, not to their ever done? What feats had le perrepresentatives, who were no longer fit formed? Why, indeed, he had haranto be called an house of commons. It gued the mob, and mounted the tables was their plan to raise a cry by which most eloquently at the public taverns.. the infatuated people might be hurried He had never warded off any real danger, to their puin, by hinting ut corruptions but had flutterred about during his public which never had exįstence, and rousing life, a political sea-gull, screaming and expectations which never could be grati- screeching, and sputtering about foul fied. Now the hon. baronet, whom he weather which never arrived. It was did not mean to designate as the leader true the worthy, baronet had never been of the party (a distinction in his mind troubled with uffice; the reasons for that due to others who did not choose to ap= might be various; perhaps the cause pear so openly as himself), had favoured might have been his own disinclination; that corrupt house with his pure pres perhaps his immense fortune might have sence, he wished to put a few questions exempted him from its cares; or perto him as to one of his reputed haran- haps he had never been importuned gues at the Crown and Anchor, which upon the subject. Certainly he (Mr. pointed pretty plainly at his (Mr. Tier- Tierney) had been in office, for he had ney's) character. Broad and indelicate not such a fortune as could support him were the freedoms which had been used independently out of it, and he would with his name and political life in the perhaps, be compelled to live upon course of the speech to which he alluded; bread and onions, when the worthy and in one part of it the worthy baronet baronet was faring sumptuously. As was actually represented as having the to his tavern harangues, they might go
audacity to say, that on his (Mr. Tier- on for him as long as the worthy baronet · ney's) retiring froin office, his pockets chose; and he was welcome to attack were filled with the public money.---Was whatever political changes or tergiversathis charge true? He now demanded of tions he chose, in his conduct--let him the worthy baronet, would he dare to spout away---if the people believed it, repeat his assertion? If not, he would well and good; if not, why then the recominend it to him not again to vilify worthy baronet would enjoy the 'ap
plause of his speech, and he (Mr. T.) ment, burthens to the annual amount of would have the satisfaction to think no eleven millions might be saved. one believed a syllable of it. Let hiin Mr. Windham opposed the bill, merely mount the table, and cry, « They are because it was the first step towards effecall rogues and rascals, I am the man for ting a parliamentary reform !! you, the honest man! We must lay the After a few words from Mr. Buthurst are to the root. We must have a radical Lord Milton, and Mr. Adam in support reform." And then there would be a of the motion, the bill was ordered to general huzza, and the worthy baronet, te committed on Tuesday. might retire covered with glory, and
Saturday, May 27. highly delighted at his popularity! One The bills were read in their several hon. gent. of the worthy baronet's friends stages and the house adjourned to (Mr. Wardle) had made a great disco- Tuesday. very, it appeared he was to demolish
Tuesday, May 30.
. the income tax! Now he liked this; Mr. Alderman Combe brought up a' indeed he never was so pleased in his petition from certain booksellers and life as when he first heard of the disco- publishers, praying a repeal of a clause very. It was the pleasantest way of of the act against publications without laying the axe to the root he had ever the printer's name. imagined. He was sure it would gratify Sir J. Newport adverting to the FRAUDS Mr. Perceval wonderfully to be able to Ix'THE IRISHI REVENUE, called the atstrike off eleven millions and a half of tention of the house to the appointment taxes. Now he had at last found out which had been made in defiance of the the reason why the hon. gentleman and express words of the act of the 46th Mr. Perceval were perpetually compli- year of the King, and of every principle menting each other. No doubt they upon which promotions and rewards were pulling together all this time. In- should be conferred. By the act to deed, if the plan was realised, it would which he had alluded, any officer of the be exceedingly diverting; but if it was customs or excise, who should, after only a fallacious assertion, held out for the passing of that act, take or accept the wicked purpose of exciting discon- of any fee, gratuity, or presents, from tent, it was one of the vilest and inost the distillers whom they visited in the execrable insinuations. He now called course of their duty, should thereby be upon that hon. gent. to produce his incapacitated from holding any office plan, or stand convicted in the face of civil or military. Notwithstanding the eye' the world. As to the worthy baronet,' press words of this act, a Mr. Beauchamp he also called upon him solemnly to Hill, who had confessed before the state the truth or falsity of the expres- commissioners of inquiry, that he had sions with which he charged him. He regularly received 20l. per week froin might be superior to him in point of two distillers who were in his district, talent or ability, but superior he could' was not only not dismissed, but was not be in political integrity, and he promoted from the situation of surveyor boldly challenged him to a comparison to be an inspector-general, which was of their lives, that their deeds might' a promotion in that very department in' speak their deserts, and vile calumniators' which the frauds had been committed become silent.. .
It was in September, 1806, that he had Sir F. Burdett, in explanation denied confessed himself guilty of the fraud, that he had asserted, that the hon. gent. and on the 8th of March, 1808, he re (Mr. Tierney) “ had retired from office ceived his promotion. He thought it " with his pockets filled with the public would be useless to endeavour to guess “money,” for he knew that he had not at what sort of defence could be set been in office long enough for the purpose ! up, and concluded by moving a resoluAs to any thing he had said of the hon. tion, stating the words of the act of the gentleman's conduct at the Crown and 36th of his Majesty, and the confession Anchor or elsewhere, he was at all times of Mr. Hill, that he had acted contrary ready to defend it.
to it, and his subsequent promotion. Mr. Wardle avowed his conviction, Mr. Foster said, that certainly, owing that by due economy in the public ex- to the inadequacy of those salaries, an penditure, the consequence of a fair universal system of corruption had forrepresentation of the people in parlia- merly existed among the revenue officers
of Ireland, and that out of 32 excise say that it never was allowed as an exofficers examined by the commissioners cuse for dishonest actions. If it were, of inquiry, thirty of them had confessed any person indicted at the Old Bailey that they had received similar presents! for a robbery, would say it was only - They justified it from its being a con- for the purpose of getting meat, drink, stunt practice, and known to be so by and cloathing for himself and family. the board who employed them, and Such an excuse would not be admitted who yet took no measures to stop it. at that place. If the salaries of their Mr. Hill, however, was very ready to places were not sufficient, did any body give every information in his power to oblige these men to become excisemen? the commissioners of inquiry, and was He therefore must support the original in every other respect a very good offi- motion, as he conceived the promotion cer. He was therefore promoted for of such a person highly improper. his merit, although he had in common Mr. Perceval did not think his hon. with all other excisemen done a thing friend (Mr. Croker) had maintained the illegal and improper. He therefore mo- general proposition that the right hon. ved the previous question.
gentleman imputed to him. This man, Mr. P. Moore said, that this was one. although he had taken money as others of the most remarkable instances of cor- did, yet, in other respects, he did his ruption he ever knew. He read some duty. The cause, however, of this great passages from the Report to shew that corruption had now been removed, by these bribes had been the occasion of a the increase of the officers' salaries, and fraud upon the revenue to the extent of the act might in future be strictly en856,000l. He hoped the right hon. gen- forced. It did not appear to him, that tleman (Mr. Foster) would not, by insis- it was desired to select this man or any ting on the previous question, hold out other for punishment; and, therefore, if encouragement to such frauds.
he were allowed to stay in the revenue Mr. Hutchinson thought nothing could he saw no reason why he should not be bring the house into greater contempt promoted if he were diligent and useful. than passing over so lightly such a fla- Mr. Horner spoke shortly in favour of frant case as had been now stated the motion. He expressed his surprise
Mr. Croker said, that it was sufficient at what had fallen from Mr. Perceval, proof of the corruption of some of the that a man should be continued in office revenue officers that they were alive; who had been guilty of corruption. He, for if they had trusted to their salaries, for his own part, thought that a more they must have starved. The salaries flagrant abuse of power was never heard were settled in the reign of Charles II. of; a more unblushing breach of purity, and were but 401. a year to the Gauger, he was certain, never till then, appeared and 651. a year to the surveyor. It before that house, and as such he thought therefore became necessary for them to it his duty to give it his decided reproget by some other means those necessa- ' bation. ries of meat, drink, and cloathing, for Sir J. Newport replied, generally, to themselves and their families, which the several arguments urged against his the pure abstract patriots of the present motion. He thought the defence set up day might not think they had a right to so extremely weak and defective, that it think of.
· was only necessary to make a few obserSir S. Romilly said, that he had ne- vations. He censured the ground of arver in his life heard such doctrines gument, that men known to be corrupt gravely stated, as might be deduced should be employed, on account of their from what had fallen from an hon. gen- ability to fill a particular station. On tleman (Mr. Croker). If a man's salary the contrary, he thought that in a public was not sufficient, was that an excuse officer, honesty and character could not for his taking bribes, and conniving at be balanced by, nor ought they to be all manner of frauds against the govern- put in competition with, any ability: ment which employed him? As to the however great it might bé. He should ridicule which the hon. gentleman ap- therefore take the sense of the house on peared to throw out against those pure his motion. and abstract patriots, who would not Mr. Barham said there was one argum consider the necessity of providing meat, ment which ought to make the house drink, or cloathing for themselves and cautious in what way they dealt yith the families a sufficient excuse, he would motion. It had been publicly and ge
nerally asserted, that many persons sat that this was essential to the vital intein that house by improper means. The rests of the people. He charged the public had taken the alarm; and it had noble lord with having betrayed Ireland. been found in support of that alarm, and He cajoled the representatives in parliathose assertions, that a cabinet minister ment, and he pledged himself to the had actually been concerned in bartering people for an amelioration of their confor a seat in that house, and was defend- dition. If the noble lord did not wish ed for such an act. It was by the mo- to be handed down to posterity as the betion that moment under consideration, trayer of his country, he would redeem and the arguments urged in support of it, his pledge! further asserted, that corruptions prévail- Mr. Parnell replied, and the house ed in a most extensive degree over the divided on the motion, which was negawhole revenue of Ireland. - If some tived by— 147 against 76 thing were not done to rectify these cor- Mr. Wardle rose to make his promised ruptions and abuses-if no steps were motion relative to appointments in the taken towards removing them, he dread- MEDICAL BOARD. He stated the more ed to think what the public opinion of tality in the East Indies to be such, that that house must very soon be.
out of thirty thousand men who were A division then took place:--for the sent there, thirteen thousand died, and motion, 50,-against it, 77.
at least one-third of those were lost on Mr. Parnell brought forward a motion account of the incapacity of the medical pursuant to notice,
men who were allotted to superintend "That an humble address be present- them. He also stated an overcharge of "ed to his Majesty, that he would order 100 per cent. taking place upon medi" a special commission to be appointed, cines, which amounted to 15,000l. on an "to inquire into the state and ratage of an average.--He concluded by moving, "tythes in Ireland, and to such other " That an humble address be present
matters relating to the levying and col "ed to his Majesty, praying, that there "lecting of tythes as they may think
“ should be laid before the house a reproper to direct their attention to, and “ turn of all the medical persons em"to report the same, with their opinion “ployed in the army, and all the into the house."
“ spectors of hospitals, deputy inspectors, Mr. R. Dundas, the chief secretary “ mates, &c.” for Ireland, objected to the motion, on The Secretary at War did not oppose the ground that such a commission might the motion, which was carried, after a raise hopes and expectations in the peo- few words from Mr. Rose, Mr. Perceval, ple of Ireland, which that house might and Mr. Whitbread. never be able to realize the
Mr. Murryatt said, as he heard with Mr. F. Fitzgerald (Knight of Kerry) great satisfaction that ministers did not and Mr. Ponsonby, supported the mo- intend making any opposition to his motion at considerable length.
tion, he should not trouble the house with Mr. Grattan expressed himself glad any observation upon it.—He moved, to find that though Mr. Dundas objected « That an humble address be presentto the motion, he did not do the same to “ed to his Majesty, praying, that there inquiry.
“ be laid before the house copies of all Mr. Perceval opposed the motion on “ notes between his Majesty's minister the same grounds as his right hon friend and the government of the United the secretary of Ireland, and of the dif- “ States, between the years 1807 and ficulty of substituting any other species “ 1808, as to the repeal of the orders in of property in lieu of tythes.
.66 council: and also copies of the instrucSir J. Newport spoke in favour of the “tions from the secretary of state to his motion.
“ Majesty's minister in America, authoLord Castlereagh opposed it. “ rising him to enter into any negociaMr. Hutchinson contended, that the “tion." noble lord in carrying through the Irish After a short discussion the motion Union, of which he was the parent, had was agreed to. repeatedly and repeatedly pledged him
Wednesday May 31. self to the amelioration of the condition Sir F. Burdett presented a petition of the people. Whatever gentlemen in from George Beaumont, late printer of general might know on the subject of the British Guardian, Sunday newspaTythes in Ireland, the noble lord knew per, complaining of the severity of his VOL. VI.
punishment. The petition was read by posed; for your petitioner submits, that the clerk, and was as follows:
the having previously to coming up for To the Honourable the Commons of judgment, repaid the money which he - Great Britain and Ireland in Par. had improperly obtained, cannot in any ment assembled.
sense be called a fine. And on the same The Petition of George Beaumont, late day, on which judgment was passed on
printer, publisher, and sole proprietor your petitioner, a person convicted of of a Sunday newspaper, called the corrupt and wilful perjury, was senBritish Guurdian, bụt now a prisoner tenced to an imprisonment of three
in his Majesty's jail of Newgate; months only; yet your petitioner, for an H. SHEWETH,
undefined offence is to undergo, and is That your petitioner in his paper of undergoing an imprisonment of two years the day of
last, inserted and two months certain, and for the reà letter under the signature of “ Tiberius mainder of his life, unless he can find Gracchus,” condemning the disgraceful sufficient securities. convention of Cintra, which “ disap- That mankind in general estimate pointed the well founded hopes and the crimes by the punishments affixed to just expeetations of the nation."
them; and it therefore tends to ruin That your petitioner therein attribu- the morals of the people to inflict a ted this disaster to the same cause as the more severe punishment on a person late Earl Chatham, Mr. For, Mr. Burke who has blamed the conduct of an adand Mr. Pitt, had attributed the war ministration, than on those who have against the freedom of America—to an peculated from the public stock; or, interior cabinet irresponsible to the people foresworn themselves in courts of justice.
to a power behind the throne greater That your petitioner was not fairly than the throne itself.
. tried, for the forty-eight special jurymen That for treading in the foot-steps, were not impartially and indifferently and repeuting the language of these illus- chosen between the crown and your petrious persons, his Majesty's attorney- titioner, but were selected by the master general filed an information against your of the crown office. petitioner for a libel, on which he was con- All which your petitioner submits to victed, and sentenced to two years in the consideration of your honourable prisonment in Newgate, to pay a fine of house, and prays that you will afford 501. to enter into recognizances for his him individually such redress, and take good behaviour for five years after the ex- such measures generally to prevent the piration of his imprisonment, himself in recurrence of similar evils, as to your S001. and two sureties in 200l. each, and wisdom shall seem meet. to be imprisoned until such fine be paid, Sir F. Burdett then moved, that the and such security be given.
petitiou do lie on the table.-Ordered. That such sentence is contrary to the No notice has been since taken of it.] mild spirit of the British constitution, as "The prize money bill was committed. it will necessarily occasion his perpetual Mr. Rose proposed a clause, to preimprisonment.
vent seamen from giving powers of atThat soon after the information was torney to receive their wages, to agents, filed, your petitioner was arrested under, except those who were to be licensed, and by virtue of the powers given to the with a proviso, however, that they might attorney-general, by an act passed in leave such powers with their nearest rethe last sessions, chapter 58, and was lations. As the reason for this, he stated detained two months in prison before he , the frauds which were practised on seareceived his sentence, a circumstance men by persons at the different ports, before unknown in the administration of who advanced them small sums, and our laws, and such previous imprison- took powers of attorney to receive their ment was not taken into consideration wages, for which they, afterwards refused by the learned judges, in the sentence to account. Various complaints had which they afterwards passed upon him. been made to him on this head. In one . Yet, but a few days before, when a pub- instance, an agent of this sort had ad·lic defaulter was brought up for punish- vanced a seaman about 6l. and under a
ment, only twenty-one months imprison- power of attorney had drawn from 601. ment was inflicted on him; a previous to.701. of his wages, which he refused to confinement of three months being taken refund. He (Mr. Rose) wrote tơ the into consideration, and no fine was im- agent, the money was paid, and the