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och forces : ned there, and however, hantrary to the ensures
The ministerial writers are on this occasion loud in their censures of the Spanish general for leaving Talavera contrary to the opinion of Lord Wellington : we should, however, have been much surprised, had he remained there, and have run the risk of encountering the French forces: the expectations of Lord Wellington on this point appear to have been most unreasonable ; and had Cuesta, instead of following the British, remained at Talavera till he was attacked by the French, his army, it is probable, must either have surrendered, or have been cut to pieces, or totally dispersed. General Cuesta acted, therefore, the most prudent part in following the British ; nor is his bravery to be impeached for leaving Talavera any more than that of the newly-made viscount. ::
Lord Wellington, by way of apology for his conduct in leaving so large a portion of the sick and wounded of his army at Talavera ; observes“ I have only to lament, that a new concurrence of events “ over which, from circumstances I had, and could have no con« troul, should have placed the army in such a situation.” With respect to the “ concurrence of events" which compelled his lordship to make so disgraceful a retreat it cannot properly be termed “ new.” It was suspected by many, that such would be the consequence of advancing into the beart of a country where little assistance could be expected from the inhabitants. We by no means pretend to be a judge of nilitary operations, in general; but we have in the present instance a superior guide to direct us in our opinion; one whose ample experience, repeated observations, and dying testimony, had Lord Wellington profited by, he would not have had to lament that “ concurrence of circumstances," by which so many of his countrymen were sacrificed in an unprofitable campaign. That able and excellent officer, Sir John Moore, faithfully told his countryinen, that their credulity bad required the sacrifice of one army, but which he hoped would be the only army sacrificed, in attempting to assist a people, who had no heart to assist themselves. But Lord Wellington was a ministerial favourite, and being assured that the “ universal Spanish nation' were rising to -shake off the government of Joseph Bonaparte; and panting after new honours, he in an evil hour accepted the command, and undertook the management of a new campaign. A few trifling successes in Portugal induced bim to fall into the snare laid for him by the enemy, who inticed him into the heart of Spain, where, depending for assistance on lukewarm friends, and opposed by firm, united, and victorious enemies, “a concurrence of circumstances” was naturally produced, which in their result afford matter for deep and lasting lamentation, not only to Lord Wellington, but to the whole British nation.
Although the commander of the “ Grand Expedition," has not for bis services at Middleburgh and Flushing, received new honours, from his sovereign, nor loud plaudits from bis countrymen, we cannot belp wishing that Lord Wellington liad been assisted by the counsels of Lord Chatham, which might have been instrumental in saving the lives of many thousands of his countrymen. The latter after having ascertained the state of the enemy's forces observes “ Under these circumstances, however mortifying to me to see the “ progress arrested of an army from whose good conduct I had "every thing to hope, I feel that my duty left me po other course " than to close my operations here; and,” adds his lordship, “ it " will always be a satisfaction to me to think that I have not " been induced lightly to commit the safety of the army confided " to me, or the reputation of his Majesty's arms." What a pity is it that Lord Wellington cannot pow enjoy satisfaction of a similar nature; but instead of which he has to “ lament” over “a conçur- "rence of circumstances” which compelled him, after unprofitably losing a large part of his army, to “extricate" the remainder " froin their difficult situation, by great celerity of movement," uncertain what might be their fate.
But Lord Wellington has his peerage to console him under his disappointments; he has likewise the warm approbation of ministers, as appears by the “ GENERAL ORDERS” issued from the “ Horse "Guards,” and to which they have affixed the name of his Majesty. We refer our readers to this singular military document, and leave them to judge whether much of the language does not sound more like satire, than commendation.
From the unfortunate campaign of the Douro and Talavera commander, let us turn to the new embassy of his brother, the renowned Marquis WELLESLEY, who for his services more parti. cularly in the East INDIES, has doubtless been chosen by ministers as the most fit and proper person to assist by his counsels the Spanish junta, and to inspire them with ardent zeal for resisting the innovations which Joseph BONAPARTE has made on the old system of civil and ecclesiastical despotism, and for the preservation of the “ regular government of Spain,” under which the nation has so long flourished! And we must acknowledge, that no man appears to be better qualified for this purpose than the new ambassador. His administration in the East Indies appears to have been formed on the model of the “regular governments of Europe," over whose fall the cabinet of Britain has been long lamenting. That grand enemy of those governments, a FREE PRESS, the Marquis very properly judged could not with safety be tolerated under his favourite system; he therefore effected its total annihilation. The account given of his excellency's public appearance at Cadiz is curious, and we cordially agree with the writer, who has
(tsed such animating language in his description of the festival of the day, that “ it is barely possible to imagine a more remarkable ** moment than that which hailed the appearance of his excellency * in that country !" Whilst NAPOLEON is proceeding in his Teforms in the papal states, annihilating the temporal dominion of.. that worst of despots, of that grand corruptor of the faith and morals of Christendom, the pope of Rome, under whose tyranny the world and the church through long, and successive ages groaned, and bled !-Whilst NAPOLEON is'issuing his decrees (we hope the foreign prints will give them at length) “ abolishing the inguist*** TION, also several special tribunals; divesting the clergy both * secular and regular, of all temporal jurisdiction, and annulling “all clerical privileges :"—abolishing also “ the right of asylum for “' criminals;" a right by which thousands of assassins, as well as other criminals, and their accomplices were sheltered every year:*__Whilst these grand reforms are effecting at Rome;—whilst TOLÉRATION IS gloriously advancing through the greater part of Europe, what is the grand project pursuing by the ambassador extraordinary of that nation which once gloried in the title-THE FIRST PROTESTANT STATE OF EUROPE! The sentiments and wishes of the noble marquis are clearly indicated in his first toast-" HIS LOLI*** NESS THE POPE, and may 'he be delivered from his actual state “ of bondage, as the children of Israel were from the land of * Egypt,” which was drank with three cheers!
In a late Review we had occasion to make some remarks on the downfal of the papal see, observing, that although the pope was deprived of his temporal sovereignty, so far from being deprived of the comforts or the luxuries of life, he was left in the full possession of his personal estates, and of a revenue of nearly 100,0001. sterling per annum. To talk therefore of the old priest being in “ an actual state of bondage as the children of Israel were in ** Egypt," is so consummately ridiculous, that one might lrave thought it impossible for any one to impose such language on the common sense of mankind. To what a mean and depraved state must the minds of the Spaniards be reduced, when such a toast could be grateful or even tolerable! But we all know the meaning which his excellency intended to convey on this occasion. Bv « deliverance from bondage,” he meant the restoration of the pope of Rome to that temporal and spiritual dominion he once possessed. Language is inadequate to express those mingled sensations of indignation and contempt, which we feel on viewing a British
The crime of assassination was thought so lightly of at Rome, that à gentleman who visited that city a few years since, informed his friends. that he saw beggars on the steps of the cathedral church of St. Peter asking charity in the following words:--- Pray remember the poor assassin!"
reign shall be vessel! Of Brit
ambassador employed as the tool of the see of Rome. We have. however, no fears that the wishes of his excellency will ever be accomplished. Divine predictions are rapidly fulfilling : the dominion of priests is submitting to the dominion of reason, and the influence of religion is prevailing over that of superstition. Why: do the supporters of popery, and priestcraft,—Why do these baptised heuthen rage, and the people whom they still, delude, imagine a vain thing? The kingdom of the Messiah, that is the kingdom of reason and of truth approaches; and we trust the period is hastening when the prince of peace shall assume his sove. reign sway, and when all the systems of civil and ecclesiastical tyranny shall be broken with a rod of iron, and dashed in pieces like a potter's vessel!
The mixed army of British, Spanish and Portugueze under the command of Sir Robert Wilson in Spain, bas been defeated; and all the satisfaction we derive from the action is, the assurance that “it was well fought;" but at the same time we have additional evidence of the folly of continuing the contest in a country, where the mass of the people are contented with their new government, and who, notwithstanding the liberal supplies of money, ammunition, cloaths, and the large armies, sent from this country, receive our assistance with indifference, if not with aversion.
Our official gazette has given us long details of the operations of Sir JOHN STUART on the coast of Sicily, of victories obtained over the enemy, and of the capture of petty islavds, which however, were shortly after relinquished. Of what use, it may be demanded, are such operations ? Sir Joho indeed informs us," that although " they should produce vo issue of achievement to ourselves, they "might still operate a diversion in favour of our Austrian allies, " under the heavy pressure of reverse with which he had learned "at the period they were bravely but unequally struggling.” The victories of France, and the armistice which so speedily followed, demonstrate to all Europe the great service our " diversions” have proved in favour of our allies ! A perusal of Sir John Stuart's dispatch must convince every one whose mind is open to conviction, that the blood and treasure of Britain has been as wantonly lavished in Sicily, as it has been in so many other parts of Europe.
The internal affairs of Spain, we mean that part of the kingdom governed by the junta in the name of FERDINAND VII. wear much the same aspect as they have done from the commencement of the revolution. Of the inability of the junta to raise armies necessary for the defence of the kingdom, or to raise supplies equally necessary for the armies of their allies, the letters of Sir John Moore, and of Lord Wellington afford abundant demonstration. As to any renovation of the old despotic government,
een a new aduninis made by Soren; but there with
dicted the next; it is, however, generally understood, that the differences ju the cabinet are not confined to the two secretaries, both' of whom, together with the major part of their colleagues, have, sent in their resignations; and that they only hold the seals of office
ill a vew adıninistration can be arranged. Attempts, it is added, were repeatedly made by, some members clinging to office, to. seconcile their jarring brethren ; but these attempts failing, his MAJESTY, after having had a conference with the PRINCE OF WALes on the subject, sent for Lords GRENVILLE and GREY, for the purpose of forming a new administration; it is not yet, however, known of what materials this administration will be forined; and a week or two is expected to intervene before the arrangeinept is completed. Thus bave we a prospect of some change of system, pof resulting from the strength of opposition, or from popular exertions, but in, consequence of a new leaf turning over in the chapter of accidents, unforeseen and unexpected.
The people have been so often deceived by the professions of public men out of place, who have forgotten those professions as soou almost as they were in place, that although a change, as it relates to the conduct of the war, and in certain inferior points of domestic policy, may naturally be expected, yet, with respect to a radical change in the long established system of corruption openly avowed, and vindieated even in the senate, and which has contaminated, almost every department of government, very slender hopes can be entertained. The people indeed cannot reasonably expect that a ministry should possess the virtues of disinterestedness, integrity and patriotisín in any considerable degree, whilst the same virtues amongst themselves are almost perpetually overpowered by vices of a directly opposite description. So long as the people manifest such an indifference to their rights as to neglect the exercise of those which are at all times in their own power, and until they generally, and in the most explicit and public manner demand the restoration of other rights confirmed to them at the Revolution, and more particularly those relating to pure, and frequent parliamentary, representation ;-till they with one voice demand the removal of that execrable innovation, 'the Septennial Act,-an act which, by enhancing the price of boroughs, and seats in parliament, has been the chief cause of that corruption and profligacy which so Doloriously reigos over both the electors and the elected :-till, in short, the people are resolutely determined to look after their own affairs, it will be in vain to expect any administration to per form the task for them. If the events which have taken place during the past twelvemopths, do pot awaken the people more generally, and throughout the nation, to a consideration of their best iuterests, we have little expectation from any change of