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it is now adopted. The ancient JUBILEE was a year of universal të joicing, more particularly to the poor, and to the oppressed; to whom it was the restorer of privileges the most valuable. It was typical of still more important privileges to be restored to a dark and enslaved world. Heathens appear to have a much more correct idea of the term than christians; and it is remarkable that in the empire of China; a jubilee is to be celebrated in the course of the present year, on occasion of the Emperor having completed his 50th year. The reason assigned is-“That by his « policy, moderation and firmness he has maintained the independence of " his own empire, avoiding all connection with other countries except for “ the purposes of traffic, which has proved most beneficial to his subjects."
In the debate in the court of common council of Londott, respecting the propriety of observing a jubilee, our readers will find in the speech of Mr. Waithman a faithful epitome of the principal events of the present reigng' and to which we have only to add Mr. Fox's character of one of his Majes. ty's favourite ministers-William Pitt; a minister " who added more to « the burdens, and took away more from the rights of the people, than is « recorded of any minister in the annals of English history: who destroyed " more human beings in foreign wars that Louis XIV. and attempted the « lives of more innoeenit men at home than Henry VIII."
The manner in which this jubilee is proposed to be celebrated is'as objectionable as the thing itself. Feasting and illuminations are the signals of intemperance and riot.* The friends to religion and loyalty will shew their superior attachment to their Sovereign, and love of their country, by an attention to the wants of the poor at a period so peculiarly distressing: How many destitute families might be fed and cloathed at the expence of a city feast, or a general illumination! Although we cannot prevail on the public to adopt our ideas, as individuals let us do our duty.
The private virtues of his Majesty have been assigned as a reason for the celebration of a jubilee. But although these may form a suitable subject for personal congratulation, in a national point of view, they call for humiliation. How much is it to be lamented that these virtues have been so little influential on the royal family, the court and the cabinet Three of his Majesty's ministers have been distinguished by their violation of the laws in the practice of duelling. One of these duels was fought on the Sabbath. Many of those who have stated the private virtues of the sovereign as the ground of their proceedings, would do well to recollect the severe reproof-thereby given to their own vices.
His Majesty with his subjects have abundant reason to adore the long suffering goodness of God to this guilty nation. May the latter days of our Sovereign be his best days. May PEACE, and REFORM preserve his. kingdom from ruin! May his Majesty at the close of his long reign be enabled to render an account of his important trust with satisfaction at the bar of the King of Kings, who will reward, every one according to the improvement they have inade of their respective talents. For unto whom. soever much is given of him shall be much required Harlow, Sept. 29.
B. F. .." One of our city Solomons gave as a reason why the Common Council should have a feast at the public expence after coming from St. Paul's, " that he thought it highly improper that the corporation, after departing at from a cursed cold church, should separate with empty stomachs !"
FROM the moment the Emperor of AUSTRIA, with equal injus- ; tice, and rashuess, rushed into a war with France, and invaded the territories of the King of Bavaria, hoping as a considerable part of the French armies were employed in Spain, that a favourable opportunity occurred for recovering bis former dominions, and for restoring his fallen ally the POPE to his temporal and spiritual power :- from that moment we confidently predicted, that the result of the contest would be the further humiliation of his Imperial Majesty: and from the moment of the late suspension of hostilities, we expressed to our readers, with equal confidence, that the truce would terminate in peace, the terms of which would be dictated by the victorious NAPOLEON. The interval, however, be. tween the signing of the armistice, and of a definitive treaty of peace being longer than on former occasions, and which as we have hinted, was probably occasioned by the time taken up in the formation and arrangement of plans for the division of other empires, to be settled between FRANCE, Russia and AUSTRIA ;--this busy and important interval, during which the most profound secresy appears to have been preserved by the contracting parties, afforded opportunity to our journalists to indulge in their various specula. tions. Some of these writers, with their usual eagerness, again expressed their hopes, that “the fatal truce, which had so suddenly " and unexpectedly dissipated the cheering prospect of the delive"rance of Europe," would speedily be terminated ; and as the power of the Austrian Emperor, was, they assured us," unbroken," and his Imperial Majesty reigned in the hearts of his subjects, who were resolved to sacrifice their dearest interests in support of the throne of their beloved monarch, the grand cause which had so long engaged the attention of the different sovereigns of Europe, was by no means to be despaired of. The letter of the Emperor FRANCIS, dated on the 16th. of August last, in which,
although he acknowledges “ the chance of war had disappointed bis “ expectations, the enemy having penetrated into the interior of his “ dominions, and that the experience, which lie had so dearly “ bought, and his solicitude to promote the prosperity of his domi“nions led to negociations for peace, yet that the desire of his “ people that he should not lay down his arms, till an honourable « peace should be obtaiwed, could never allow him to agree to “ disgraceful conditions which threatened to shake the very foun“ dation of the monarchy:"_This courageous declaration gave fresh spirits to those who were so anxious for the renewal of the war; and reports were shortly after in circulation, that notice had been given by Austria of the termination of the armistice, and letters were circulated in which it was stated, that hostilities had recommenced, and that Austria had gained a victory!
Another report also was during this interval, confidently circu.. lated. The Emperor Napoleon it was affirmed, had in consequence of extraordinary fatigue, and imprudence in remaining too long on the field at a review, beeu seized with a fever which brought on a delirium, and that the first physicians in Paris were hastening to his assistance. Had this report been well founded, we can readily conceive the joy with which it would have inspired the hearts of most of the regular sovereigns of Europe, who seem to have been raging in a delirium, for these sixteen years past, and with scarcely
a lucid interval.' The knowledge of such a misfortune having at - Jast befallen the grand instrument of their humiliation, might have
had the powerful effect of making them “ reason in their madness," and adopt the taunting language of the shades of the departed
monarchs, as represented in the sublime ode of an ancient pro.. phet, when rising from their thrones to insult their fallen brother
the King of Babylon, on being reduced to the same abject condition with themselves :--Art thou also become weak as we;- Art thou become like unto us ?-But these reports have at length vanished : all the pleasing dreams of those who were anxious to have the continent again drenched in blood, are by the conclusion of a definitive treaty, completely dissipated. This important event was first officially notified by an Amsterdam extraordinary gazette, and has since been confirmed from various quarters. Several of the marshals of France, with other officers of the army of the Danube have returned to Paris, where the triumphant NAPOLEON is daily expected with the treaty, detailing the fruits of his short, but brilliant campaign. ... .. . .. . . .. ..., 3. Although the terms of the treaty have not transpired, it is gene-, - rally reported that they are, as might naturally be expected, humi
liating to Austria, and injurious to this country. Several of NapoJeon's generals have bad-titles conferred on them borrowed from
vanished.come like unto us 7thou also become
the names of cities, the scenes of the Emperor's victories, and to which considerable estates in the conquered districts are annexed. We still, however, conjecture, that Napoleon will endeavour to secure the friendship of the Emperor of Austria, (his new title will not transpire till the publication of the treaty) by making him some compensation for his lost dominions, and that, probably, the partition of Turkey will afford the means by which this project will be finally acccomplished.
CAMPAIGN IN SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.-EXPEDITION TO
HOLLAND.. France having thus triumphantly closed the campaign in Germany, let us now turn our eyes to our own country, and briefly inquire what has been the result of the measures of ministers, who have bad the lives of his Majesty's subjects, and the resources of his kingdom entirely at their command. So far from having met with any impediments in the senate, or from having been in the least frustrated in the formation, and execution of their plans, the leaders of opposition, have agreed with them on the principle of the war, and have rather encouraged than opposed its continuance. What then have been the fruits of an annual war expenditure of nearly seventy millions sterling ?
One of the principal objects of the war for the two past years, has been the deliverance of SPAIN from the dominion of their new King JOSEPH BONAPARTE, and the restoration of the old government. Notwithstanding the disastrous termination of the last campaign, in which a British army, to use the language of its commander, was sacrificed for the professed object of assisting a people, who had little inclination to assist themselves; notwithstanding the opinion of that commander, whose skill and experience rendered him a most competent judge, and who forcibly stated the inutility of our making farther efforts, our ministers resolved on sending another army to Spain, and they readily found a valorous knight suited to their purpose, to take upon him the command. The history of the campaign of Sir Arthur Wellesley, will be distinguished in the British annals, by the temerity of its commander; and the titles conferred on him by his employers, will constitute a lasting monument of his folly. The official dispatches of General Cuesta, afford us some additional and important information, respecting the battles of Talavera &c. and may enable the public to form a tolerable judgment of the correctness of the statement of the British commander, who had the modesty to boast of his having obtained a victory over “ double the number * of the enemy!” We know nothing of the comparative merits of Lord TALAVERA, and General CUESTA as military commanders; but for liberality of sentiment, and ingenuous language, we have in the respective official dispatches, sufficient evidence of the superiority of mind of the Spanish over that of the British general. Whilst fairly representing the exertions and the losses of his own army, so slightly alluded to in the dispatches of Lord Talavera, he, instead of claiming an undue share of the merits of the action, panegyrizes ili the most exulting language the couduct of his lordship, and the bravery of his forces. The hasty retreat of the British general, the circumstances attending it, the melancholy condition of the arıy, with which sickness has made still greater havoc than the sword, must force upon the people the melancholy conviction, that another British army has been sacrificed in endeavours to obtain an object, which the dear bought experience of a former campaign warranted men of plain common sense in predicting would be fruitless. The event has fully verified the prediction. Even the most sanguine, and the most servile of our ministerial writers, the Editor of the Morning Post, is at length compelled to confess “ that the cause of Spain is hopeless!"
The wretched state to which this country is reduced; the vast and overgrown power of France, the devotedness of Spain, as well as of the surrounding nations on the continent, to the will of NAPO. : LEON, are circumstances calculated to alarm the minds of the people of Great Britain respecting her future welfare ; and what must increase this alarm is, the nature of the cause we have espoused. The friend of his country, and who ought at the same
time to be the friend of the best interests of the human race in all - climes and countries, is placed by the measures of ministers in a
state so painful, as to render it difficult for him to support a cause, which even if successful affords but little prospect of happiness to the nation most, interested. Whilst NAPOLEON, his brother Joseph, and his relative MURAT, are effecting the most important, and useful reforms in the Italian and Sicilian states, and in Spain ;-whilst POPERY and PRIESTCRAFT in these countries are falling, and those long established curses to the world, INQUISI. TIONS, and MONASTIC orders are rapidly dissolving, the government of Britain is lavishing her blood and resources, to restore the “ ancient order of things;"-of systems of civil and religious slavery; and her ambassadors are toasting success to the restoration : of that antichristian power the POPE of Rome, literally termed in the oracles of inspiration, the BEAST, for whose dowpfal, all protestant christendom, has for centuries past been uniformly offering up their ardent prayers. The Spanish juutas, with the royal prisoner FERDINAND professedly, at their head, but who by bis situation is prevented from exereising any power, and is proc.