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into his conduct? The whole business of the Spanish campaign in which the blood of our countrymen bas been so prodigally spilt,, and the resources of our country so uselessly squandered, will we hope form a subject of the most serious investigation. ,
: THE EXPEDITION. .. The public have been amused during the past three months with details of the vast preparations for an expedition embracing the. grand objects of distracting the attention, and dividing the forces of NAŽOLEON, and by these means encouraging “ the oppressed “ pations of Europe,” which are represented as anxiously on the watch for the restoration of their " old regular governments" under which they so long and so richly enjoyed the blessings of freedom and independènce! Seldom indeed has the country witnessed'a naval and military armament fitted out on so large a scale, and at such immense expence; and to crown their expectations, the whole is placed under the direction of a general, the Earl of CHATHAM, whose ustonishing military talents, great experience, and brilliant exploits pointed him out to our sapient cabinet as the most suitable, the most fit, and the very best commander for the purpose in all his Majesty's service!
This expedition was, when it first began to be talked of, terned secret, but before it sailed, all its various professed objects were known, to almost every person in bis Majesty's dominions, and it is scarcely necessary to add, to our enemies as well as to ourselves. ;
· The public have lately been overwhelmed with Gazettes, ordinary and extraordinary, in which the most minute and tedious details have been given of every petty operation whether by sea or land; we have inserted the most material at length, and have
abridged the remainder. The first object, the capture of the island . of Walcheren, is, after many difficulties, and greater opposition
than was at first apprehended, at length attained. The attainment of the ulterior objects, the possession of Antwerp and the French fleet consisting of nine or ten sale of the line &c. is now doubtful: but 'as Flushing has surrendered, although Lord Chatham cannot boast with Lord Wellington that he has vanquished « double his "numbers," it is somewhat surprising that his lordship has not been made a Duke, or (at least a Marquis: we are persuaded his services will be to the full as advantageous to the British nation, in the Scheldt, as those of the ci devant Sir Arthur, now Baron: Douro of Wellesley, and Viscount Wellington of Talavera; to have rendered whose titles complete, there should, however, have been added, Marquis of Cintra, that his "Tordship’s talents as a convention-maker might thus be remembered equally with those which
have rendered “ this first of heroes, this illustrious Marlborough, " this military Nelson, the object of adoration" (we borrow the language of the Morning Post) to his friends the present ministrý, and their dependents.
The glorious part of the service in which this grand expedition has been successfully employed is the bombardment, and the conquest of Flushing. Some particulars relative to this event, notwithstanding the minuteness we have noticed, are not contained in the extraordinary gazettes, but may the better enable our countrymen duly to estimate the peculiar glories of this sort of warfare, and for which this nation has 'rendered itself more conspicijous at Copenhagen than even at Flushing. These particulars are detailed in the following extracts.
Extract of a Letter received by a gentlenign at Stowmarket, from an · Officer of the Marines belonging to the Expedition, dated Camp before - Flushing, Aug. 16.
I have just time to inform you, that yesterday at three o'clock in the * morning, Flushing surrendered, after 36 hours' bombardınent with up"wards of 600 guņs and 50 mortars.--We have lost more than 400 men " killed, and 700 wounded, 200 of whom have undergone amputation.4 Several officers have fallen, and we have not had our cloaths off for 10 " days, or an exchange of linen. The French have lost 2000 men, and I " am sorry to say we were obliged to burn the greutest part of the town “ down before they would surrender, which buried upwards of 700 men,
women, and children, belonging to Flushing. Dreadful to relate! but : " for hours after we were in the town, we cauld hear distinctly the poor * sufferers groaning under the smoaking ruins .!" . * Extract of a Letter fram Flushing, dated Aug. 17
: « On Friday evening the town of Flushing was still burning in various "parts, and the streets in several quarters reduced to a mass of ruins s presented, a most shocking spectacle. The French had been allowed « three days to bury their dead. Even the streets which had suffered least “ from the bombardment, were strewed with human limbs, swords, muskets * and arms of every kind, mixed in horrid confusion, and the effluvia « from the putrid bodies threatened infection. The barracks presented a “ frightful scene of slaughter, and the beach was covered with our cannon " balls which had rebounded from the walls of the fort, and had rolled
down to the water side."*
:. * Every suggestion for the improvement of the horrid art of wholesale
massacre, appears to be received with eagerness by the people of this country, while it is well known that in several instances they have been rejected with indignation by the French. The destructive effects of the Congrede rockets, on the houses and inhabitants of Copenhagen, were the subject of triumph at the time our expedition is said to be well stored with these terrible instruments. There is indeed another famous instrument, and which (for what reason we know not), to the great grief of the Editor of the Morning Chronicle is not so fashionable as it once was:~" It is ff much to be lamented" (says this humane writer) that there were no more
The editor of the Morning Post in his congratulations to ibe public on the conquest of the island of Walcheren exclaims." We " are rejoiced to find that this important and commanding Island is “ henceforward to be permanently incorporated with the British “ Empire, and (doubtless to the great joy of the people) to be go“ verned by the inild and salutary laws of Great Britain." The Hollanders have given evident proof during both ibe last and the present war, ihat they are not very forward to accept our repeatedly kiod offers of exchanging their own government and laws for ours : and as to our ministers“ permanently incorporating the island with " the British empire,” it is at this very time a question with our naval and military officers in the service, whether it will be worth while, or indeed whether we shall be able to keep possession of the island for three months: the expence of rebuilding the ruins of Flushing, and of placing the fortifications in such a state as to render the place tenable, is estimated at from 2 to 300,000l. But we will venture to predict that France will not suffer us to keep the “ Shrupnell shot sent out;[to Spain :) they did wonderful execution, for after Sy doing all the service of a common ball, and apparently spént, they burst “ and spread destruction all around. It is without exception the most mur“ derous weapon ever invented !"
In another Morning Chronicle, the same writer contemplating a scene of human slaughter in Spain; last year, thus amuses himself. “ The imperial
“ guard of Bonaparte took a great deal of killing! They wear an iron hel· "met, iron shoulder' knot, and an iron queue. Our people were at first 6 surprised that their swords made no impression on their heads and
shoulders, but they soon found out the vulnerable part!" . When we reflect on the indifference with which mankind in general, and those in particular who call themselves Christians! read of the complicated horrors attending a sea fight, a field of battle, a siege, or a bombardment: when every demonstration of joy, the firing of cannon, ringing of bells, &c. is displayed, and the only object obtained is the slaughter of 7, or 8000 of Cour enemies, although the price paid is the slaughter of 5, or 6000 of our countrymen; we know not whether the following description of war, by Dean Swift is more remarkable for its awful truth, or its just satire.
- “ Being no stranger to the art of war, I gave him a description of cane
« nons, culverins, muskets, carabines, pistols, bullets, powder, swords, · “ bayonets, battles, sieges, retreats, attacks, undermines, countermines,
“ bombardments, sea-fights; sħips sunk with a thousand men; twenty “ thousand killed on each side; dying groans, limbs flying in the air; < smoke, noise, confusion, trampling to death under horses feet; fight, e pursuit, victory; fields strewed with carcases, left for food to dogs and * wolves, and birds of prey; plundering, stripping, ravishing, burning and « destroying. And to set forth the valour of my own dear countrymen, I * assured him, that I had seen them blow up a hundred enemies at once. « in a siege, and as many in a ship; and beheld the dead bodies come down * in pieces from the clouds, to the great diversion of the spectators."
Gulliver's Travels--Voyage to the Houyhnhnms, Chup.
island, and that we shall most assuredly find that if the cabinet are so weak as to declare, that “ Walcberen shall be incorporated " with the British empire," when the period arrives for negocia. tion they will, as those of them who were members of the Pitr and ADDINGTON administrations have already done, forfeit his Majesty's word, which they so rashly pledge, and sacrifice the bonour of the nation, by giving up objects they officially declare they never will give up, and for the attainment of which they will obstinately persevere in their just and necessary war, till they can hold out no longer.
Surely the indignation of our countrymen must be excited on beholding the resources of the nation which ought to be most carefully husbanded for our own immediate defence, drained and wasted in the attainment of objects, comparatively trifling, and at best inglo. rious! The conduct of our ministers is constantly furnishing additional arguments to enforce the absolute necessity of Reform, in the House of Commous, as the grand and only effectual prelude to. Reform in every department of government.
ADDITIONAL EXPENCE OF THE CHURCH ESTABLISHMENT. .
For several sessions past, the attention of the legislature has been occasionally turned to the state of the church, so far as relates to the temporalities of the clergy; for as to any reform in our ecclesiastical establishment, more especially as it relates to the universal practice of solemnly subscribing to articles, and swearing to statutes, which no clergymen believes as he professes to do, in the sight of the great searcher of hearts, ex animo, it is in vain to expect any . reformation. Thirty years ago, the consciences of some of the clergy were so far awakened and alarmed on this subject, that they united in petitioning the House of Commons for relief from these intolerable impositions; but the pleas of conscience were, by our leading statesmen, as might naturally be expected, turned into ridicule, and the clerical petition was rejected by a large majority. One of the most excellent men that ever adorned the church of England, or the christian church in general, the late THEOPHILUS LINDSEY, together with two or Ihree of his brethren, resigned their preferments, trusting to Providence for their future support: thereby manifesting to the world, the prime, the essential characteristic of a true christian, forsaking
ALL for the cause of truth, and a good conscience. Since that - period, however, a general lethargy appears to have seized the church, excepting in certain cases, in which the reverend body in : general, have been employed as the tools of statesmen, in the service of war, corraption and intolerance, whilst individuals bave endeavoured to stifle the risings of couscience in themselves and others, by pretending to persuade the religious world, that although
subscriptions and oaths are still regarded in courts of justice in the
plain and obvious sense of the framers' and imposers, these matters . are in the church, essentially different; that THERE a man may
subscribe and swear to articles and statutes, in any sense he pleases; be may subscribe and swear to them, to use a fashionable clerical phrase, as articles " not of dispute but of peace ;" that is NOT IN ANY SENSE! Thus this important matter, which deeply affects the foundations, not only of that virtue inculcated' by christianity, but of that morality inculcated by the light of nature, appears to be set at rest; and all ranks and classes of the clergy, those who are distinguished by the term evangelical, equally with others, seem to be well contented that matters should remain as they are; and there is little reason to expect that any essential reform will take place, till the righteous, and long defied justice, of Heaven visits ibe Cherch of England, as it has visited other established churches,
Amongst the various abuses which have long reigned triumphant in our church establishment, that of NON-RÉSIDENCE, 'termed by Bishop Burnet, the peculiar scandal of the church of England,
is one of the most prominent, and has proved a perpetual subject · of complaint, more especially to the sober and serious part of the .: nation. All remonstrances, however on the subject; from the pul.
pit or the press, seemed useless... At length it was found oụt by a - gertain class of ipformers, that a great part of the clergy were by,
their conduct in this respect, violating the laws, and that they were ex posed thereby to heavy penalties; a considerable part of which went Con conviction to the prosecutor. So many actions were, in consequence of this discovery, commenced against the clergy, that the
clerical body, although the most forward when called upon by .: their patrons to preach obedience not only to the laws, but to the
will of the statesmen of the day, finding how they stood exposed .. for their own long continued disobedience, procured an act of the
Jegislature for their protection, by which almost the whole of the h!" prosecutions were stopped. In the following session another act was
passed, by which the evil complained of was, in a trifling degree, and in some few instances, renvedied; byt in such a manner, as to throw additional power into the hands of the bishops, and to make the lower ranks of the clergy still more dependent op the higher, To render the system more completę, an act was passed at the close of the last session, which seems to have excited Jittle discussion within the two houses, and none' at all withouty. The speech of
that staunch high cļurchman, Lord HARRỌW.BY, who, brought í up in the school of Pitt, had deeply imbibed the instructions of · his master, contains much information on the subject; and as it
was only given in one of the papers, the Morning Post (the Editor of which honoured it with his peculiar qulogiums), we pręsputed it