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OF

POLITICAL SCIENCE,

POLITICAL ECONOMY,

AND OF THE

POLITICAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.

BY THE BEST AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN WRITERS.

EDITED BY

JOHN J. LALOR.

VOL. III.

OA1E-XOXLVEREIN.

NEW YORK:
CHARLES E. MERRILL & CO.

1888.

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201

569

PAGE

PAGE

Oath..

1 Persia

159

Oath of Allegiance, The (in Eng. Personal Liberty Laws (in U. S.

lish History).

3 History)

162

Occupation.

10 Personal Union.

163

Oceanica.

11 Peru.

161

Ochlocracy

16

Petition (in U. S. Hlistory). 107

O'Conor, Charles.

19 Petition, Right of.

169

Office-Holders, Danger of an Aris Philosophy of Law.

173

tocracy of ..

19 Physiocrates

188

Ohio..

24 Pickering, Timothy.

198

Oligarchy.

27 Pierce, Franklin..

198

Olmstead Case. (See Pennsylva Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth.

198

nia.)

Pinckney, Thomas

198

Onnibus Bill. (See Parliament Piracy

199

ary Law.)

Plenty and Dearth.

Opinion, Public. (See Public Opin-

Poland

203

ion.)

Police

206

Opposition.

28 Police Power of a State..

212

Order of the Day.

(See Parlia-

Political Arithmetic. (See Arith-

mentary Law.)

metic, Political.)

Orders in Council. (See Embargo,

Political Assessments. (See As-

in U. S. History.)

sessments, Political.)

Orders, Religious. (See Congre-

Political Economy.

216

gations.)

Political Economy, History of... 237

Ordinance of 1787 (in '. S. Hist.)

30 Political Science..

237

Oregon

34 Politics, Nature and Character of. 268

Oriental Question, The.

35 Polk, James Knox.

278

Ostend Manifesto (in U. S. Hist.) 36 Poll Tax.

279

Outlawry

37 Popular Sovereignty (in U. S His-

Outlet

38 tory)

281

Over-Production....

40 Population.

281

Portugal.

299

Postoffice.

306

P

Postoffice Department..

310

Postoflice Savings Banks.

(Sec

Pacific Railroad. (See Internal

Banks, History and Management

Improvements, Railroads.)

of Savings.)

Papal Infallibility. (See Roman Powers of Congress. (See Con-

Catholic Church.)

gress, Powers of )

Paper Money

43 President. (See Execntive.)

Paraguay (Republic of)----

48 President Pro Tem. (See Parlia-

Parasites, Social...

52 mentary Law.)

Parlon

57 Press, The Newspaper and Peri-

Paris Monetary Conference.

58 odical.

311

Parley

08 Previous Question. (See Parlia-

Parliament, The British

68 mentary Law.)

Parliamentary Law

71 Prices

326

Participation in Profits.

91 Primary Elections

3 13

Parties, Political.

95 Priority of Debts due to the United

Party Government in the United

States and to the States..

350

States

112 Prisoners of War..

351

Party Names in U.S. Ilistory. (Sec Prisons and Prison Discipline-... 352

American Party, Anti-Federal Private Bills. (See Parliamentary

Party, Anti-Masonic Party, Con-

Law.)

stitutional Union Party, Denio-

Private Calendar (See Parlia-

cratic Republican Party, Federal mentary Law.)

Party, Greenback-Labor Party, Privateering

301

Liberal Republican Party, Re Privilege. (Seo Parliamentary

publican Party, Whig Party.)

Law.)

Patent Office.

12:2 Prizes, Maritime...

302

Patents, and the Patent System... 123 Production of Wealth.

303

Patronage..

139 Products on Paper.

374

Patrons of Husbandry. (See Profits.

375

Grangers.)

Probibition (in U. S. listory). 378

Pauperism.

145 Promotion..

380

Peace.

153 Property

383

Peace Congress. (See Conference, Property, Landed. (See Rent.)

Peace.)

Property, Literary...

302

Pendleton, George I..

154 Proportional Representation..... 411

Penitentiary Syetems. (See Pris Protection

413

ons and Prison Discipline.)

Protection in the United States... 423

Pennsylvania

154 Protestantism. (See Churches,

Penny Banks. (See Banks, Histo-

Protestant.)

ryand Management of Savings.) Prussia

441

Pensions. (See United States Pen-

Public Debts, (See Debts, Ya-

sion Laws, and the Pension Laws

tional, State and Local.)

of other countries.)

Public Lands of the United States. 460

5 688

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V

Value..

1053

Van Buren, Martin,

1061
Vermont.

1061
Veto (in U. S. History).

1064
Vice-President. (See Executive,

V.;. Electors; Senate; Admin-
istrations.)

Virginia..

1067

Virginia Resolutions. (See Ken-

tucky and Virginia Resolutions.)

PAGE

Sandwich Islands.

676

Sanitary System

677

Savings

681

Savings Banks. (See Banks, His-

tory and Management of Suv-

ings.)

Saxony

682

Schools. (See Education and the

State.)

Schurz, Carl

681

Science, Social. (See Social Sci-

ence.)

Scotland

Scott, Winfield.

692

Scratching

692

Search, Right of.

693

Secession (in U. S. History).. 693

Sedition Laws. (See Alien and

Sedition laws.)

Seminole War. (See Slavery, II.)

Senate (in U. S. History).

702

Sergeant-at-Arms. (See Parlia-

mentary Law.)

Sergeant, John...

701

Servia, Principality of.

705

Sessions of Congress. (See Con-

gress, Sessions of.)

Sewurd, William H..

707

Seymour, Iloratio..

707

Shay's Rebellion. (See Confeder-

ation, Articles of.)

Sherman, John

707

Shimonoséki Indemnity

707

Shinto

708

Siam

710

Silver.

7122

Silver Bill. (See Ilayes, R. B.)

Siuking Fund.

718

Sintooism. (See Shinto.)

Slavery

722

Slavery (in U. S. History).

723

Smith, Adam

738

Smuggling-

7-13

Socialisin and Socialists.

7-15

Social ('ontract

753

Social Science.

750)

Society

757

South (arolina

759

Southern ('onfederacy. (See Con-

federate States.)

Sovereignty

703

Sovereiünty (in U. S. History).

(Sce Popular Sovereignty.)

Spain

707

Speaker. (See Parliamentary Law.)

Speakers. (See Congress, Sessions

of.)

Speculation

Spoils System. The

782

Squatter Sovereignty. (See Popu-

lar Sovereignty.)

Stamp Act Congress (in U. S. IIis-

tory)

787

Standing Armies. (See Armies.)

Standing Orders. (See Parlia-

mentary Law.).

Stanton, Ellwin M...

787

State, Department of.

787

State Rights. (See State Sover-

eignty, II.)

State Sovereignty (in U. S. Ilist.) 788

State, The

800

States, Constitutional and Legal

Diversities in

800

Statistics

Stephens, Alexander II..

815

Stevens, Thaddeus.

Stock Exchange Clearing Ilouse.

(See Clearing, and Clearing

IIouses.)

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Among the Writers of the Articles in the Three Volumes,

are the following:

EDWARD ATKINSON, Boston, Mass.

Max. EVERITARDT, Counselor-at-Law, Chicago. BARTHELEMY SAINT-HILAIRE, Member of the In- LEON Faucien, Meinber of the Institute of stitute of France.

France. FREDERICK BASTIAT, the famous French Econ- HENRY FAWCETT, M. P., Professor of Political omist.

Economy at the University of Cambridge; alt
HEYRI BAUDRILLART, Member of the Institute of present, Postmaster General of Great Britain.
France.

GASPAR Fixali, Ex-Minister, Italy.
MAURICE BLOCK, Statistician, Political Economist Joux FISKE, Cambridge, Mass.

and Publicist, Editor of the Dictionnaire Gén VORTIIINGTON ('. FOR), Brooklyn, Y. Y.
éral de la Politique, Paris.

L. FOUBERT, ('het' i dirision, France. J. C. BLUNTSCHILI, one of the editors of Blunt-JOSEPII GARNIER. Professor of Political Econschili Brater's Staatswörterbuch.

omy, Member of the Institute of France. GEROLAMO BOCCARDO, Editor of the Dizionario IIENRY GEORGE, Author of “Progress and Por

linicersale di Economia Politica e di Commercio, erty," New York.
Italy.

D. ('. GILMAN, President of Johns Ilopkins Uni-
JACQUES DE BOISJOSLIN, Paris, France.

versity, Baltimore.
ALBERT S. BOLLES, Author of “ History of Amer E. L. Godkix, Editor New York Vution.
ican Finance,” Philadelphia, Pa.

G. Browy GOODE, Smithsonian Institute, Wash-
GASTON DE BOURGE, Advocate, Paris, France. ington, 1), ('.
R. R. BOWKER, New York,

Louis GOTTARI), Publicist, France.
T. T. BRYCE, New Haven, Conn.

GEORGE WALTON GREEX, Counselor-at-Law, New
HORATIO BURCIARD, Director of the Vint, Wash York.
ington, D. C.

JULES GRENIER, Publicist, France.
EDWARD CARY, New York.

W. E. GRIFFIS, Author of " The Mikado's Em-
E. Caccuy, Member of the Institute of France. pire, " Schenectady, N. Y.
EMILE CHIEDIEU, Advocate, France.

F. P. G. GUTZOT, France,
A. E, CHERBELIEZ, Political Economist, contrib- ARTHUR T. ILALEY, Instructor in Political

utor to the Dictionnaire de l'Economie Politique. Science, Yale College, New Ilaven, ('omn.
Joux W. CLAMPITT, Counselor-at-Law, Chicago. J. B. ILUMILTOX, Surgeon General ('. S. Marine
AMBROISE CLEMENT, the distinguished French Hospital, Wishington, I). ('.
Economist.

FUISTIS IIELIE, Member of the Institute of
JAMES F. COLBY, Counselor-at-Law, New Haven, France.
Conn.

XAVIER ITEUSCILING, Minister of the Interior,
ROYER-COLLARD, Professor of the Fuculté de Brussels, Belgium.
Droit, Paris.

J. E. TORX, Writer on Finance, Member of the
EUSTACE CONWAY, Counselor-at-Law, New York. Ilungarian Parliament.
Tuos. M. COOLEY, Author of Constitutional | FRANKLIN B. Torall, Washington, I), ('.

Limitations," etc., etc., Judge of the Supreme | EDWARD S. IsILUM, Counselor-at-Law, Chicago,
Court of Michigan.

INI.
Cias. COQUELIN, one of the Editors of the Dic- E. J. JAMES, University of Pennsylvania, Phila-
tionnaire de l'Economie Politique, France,

delphia, Pil. C. COWLEY.

Jouy A. JAMESOX, Author of “The Constitu-
COURCELLE-SENEUIL, Paris, France.

tional ('onvention," Chicago, Ill.
E. II. CROSBY, Counselor-at-Law, New York. PAUL JANET, Member of the Institute of France.
J. C. BANCROFT DAVIS, Assistant Secretary of ALEXANDER JOIX-tox, Professor of Jurispru-
State, Washington, D. C.

dence, Princeton ('ollege, V. J. DELABARRE-DUPARCQ, Director at the Military Joux JOHNSTON, B:unker, Milwaukee, Wis. School of St. Cyr, France.

Jony J. Ksos, ('omptroller of the Currency,
CHARLES DUNOYER, France.

Washington, I). ('.
JULES DUVAL, Publicist, France.

GUSTAVE KOERSER, Ex-Governor of Illinois,
CL. DUVERXOIS, French Ex-Minister.

Cuis. LAVOLLÉE, Ex-Prefect, France.
DORMAN B. EATON, Chairman of the Civil Sery-Louis LECLERC', France.
ice Commission, New York.

A. LEGOYT, France.
(iii)

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