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In our Number for July last, there was an article, headed, “ Modern Reformation in Ireland,” in which the author opposes the formation of the “ Reformation Society,” and at the conclusion expresses his regret that his opinions and views “ are at variance with those of the great and good men, the prelates and the other eminent individuals of the Church of England, who patronize the ' Reformation Society. It is impossible to hear the names of the Archbishops of York and Dublin, and the Bishop of Salisbury, without feelings of the deepest respect and admiration. In us they have been so strong, as all but to overpower the conviction under which we labour, and which we have endeavoured to express, that the confederacy to which they are pledged, is not well calculated for effecting the moral regeneration of Ireland.”

We have lately learned, from unquestionable authority, that so far from his Grace the Archbishop of York having approved and lent his countenance to the “ Reformation Society," he has always entertained, and still entertains, the strongest and most conscientious doubts as to its utility; and that while he feels the most earnest anxiety for the promotion and spread of the Protestant faith, he neither considered it proper or expedient to encourage the establishment of a branch of that Society in his own diocese ; and, consequently, discountenanced any attempt to introduce it within the limits of his jurisdiction. The way in which his Grace's name has been employed in this matter, by our excellent correspondent, may have arisen from the circumstance, that his son, Captain Frederick Vernon, R. N., had attended several meetings of the “ Reformation Society" in Ireland ; and thus the error may probably have sprung up, that those meetings had the sanction of his father the Archbishop.

A correspondent of ours, in an article entitled “ British Settlements in Western Africa,” (in No. CLVI. for September last,) made use of expressions towards Captain Fraser of the Royal African Corps, which we find were quite unwarranted. In justice to Captain Fraser, we have great pleasure in stating, that we have just seen very flattering testimonials in his favour from several gentlemen of high rank in the army, under whom he has served, who all speak of him in the highest terms as an able, zealous, and active officer.

BLACKWOOD'S

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No. CLXI.

JANUARY, 1830.

Vol. XXVII.

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The violent political partisans of him to form an undue estimate of their education might be offended even power and province. with the word objection; as if to offer What is the effect of this ? Gean objection were to set yourself nerally-self-confidence, a feeling against education, and to shew your- either good or evil-purified, it is self to be an enemy of knowledge. good, and a necessary part of good If they were philosophers, they would unpurified, it is immoral. But sesee that such sensitiveness shews a condly and specifically, the effect is misunderstanding of the magnitude confidence in those particular powers, of the subject, and of the constitution -an effect not necessarily ill either, of the world. For education is a -but more easily ill, and more diffigreat, a boundless power; and no cult to guard. For moral self-confisuch power can be set in motion dence is purified by morality, which among men, whose faculties are dis- is in the power of every one, but inordered, and whose will is mixed, tellectual self-confidence is purified without producing, greatly and con- only by the very highest instruction, spicuously, both good and evil. which is necessarily reserved for very

The objections to education, urged few. by many enlightened men, are, that Intellectual self-confidence thus it tends to produce danger to reli- produced by intellectual cultivation, gion, and danger to the state. Ob- is, in the first place, confidence in the serve, that the education spoken of powers of the human mind generalby them is essentially and pre-emi- Iy; then, in those of the human being nently-intellectual. True, that the himself. It has been seen in the last education of Scotland has been some age of the history of the human mind, thing more-religious-not a gift of what confidence in the sufficiency of the state, however that might assist, the human faculties generally may be but emanating from, and dependant in result. We have seen that the evil on, its Church, laid on it by deep per- caused thereby has been tremendous. secutions. But without peculiar cir. To extend the same confidence to cumstances which may give it this orders hitherto uninstructed, is, uncharacter, or considering it without less guarded against, to extend to this character, which is the proper them the possibility, perhaps the way of learning its own nature, Edu- probability, of the same result,—to cation is intellectual. It is a cultiva- make them partakers in the proud tion of man's intellectual faculties, of error of self-misled philosophy,—to his understanding, and his powers of carry down into their privacy of life, reasoning. It has, therefore, a tend- their humble security and their obency to raise in him a very high opi- scure peace, the dazzling illusions nion of those faculties, and to induce and ambitious falsehoods, which hu

VOL. XXVII. NO, CLXI.

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