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of positive engagement as would have with the constitution in his pocket, justified an appeal to war-wherever and the constitutionalists in exile; it was possible to go to the left, be- and Greece, waiting to be governed cause Mr Canning had gone to the by Prince Leopold, are among the right, or to the right, because he had more striking illustrations of the notaken the left, there it has been done. tion which prevails of our pacific preI state this opinion with the less he- dilections. With respect to Greece, sitation, because I am prepared to indeed, the Earl of Aberdeen* did state with equal, and even greater not hesitate to affirm, that the Treaty confidence, that Mr Canning himself of the 6th July “was not framed with was tainted with the same weakness. a view to its independence, but its I will not say I know, (for men hard- pacification only.” Did the framer ly confess such motives to their own of that Treaty ever separate, in his hearts) but I believe, upon grounds mind, the independence from the painferior only to the knowledge which cification ? Could he do so ? Could confession would afford, that when any statesman do so? Would the Mr Canning consented to renounce pacification have been worth a the tempting emoluments of his ap- month's purchase, without the indepointment as Governor-General of pendence—the solid and secure inIndia, to direct the foreign policy of dependence? What was the princiEngland, whatever settled and de- ple—the necessary principle, of our liberate principles he may have interference? That war should cease, brought to his office, and which he and that end gained, that we should would equally have brought under trouble ourselves no further? So inany circumstances, there were others, deed says the Earl of Aberdeen; and which owed their existence and their so, too, says the Duke of Wellington. resolute adoption to the simple fact, Why? For no earthly reason but to that he was the successor of the build upon the absurdity a false claim Marquis of Londonderry. These to superior wisdom, or superior reare the infirmities of great minds. I gard for the interests of Greece. The deplored them in Mr Canning. I can- plain English of it is this: “Mr Cannot admire them (if I am right in ning, by the Treaty of the 6th July, my opinion) in the Duke of Wel- limited the boon to pacification only; lington. His Grace, too, is without but we, the present ministers, took a the palliative which may be claimed larger aim, and have provided for for Mr Canning. The latter stood independence." As if one of the juopenly opposed to many parts of the nior clerks in the Foreign Office, or foreign policy of the Marquis of Lon even Alderman Waithman,could have donderry; but the former was an blundered so deplorably, as to have assenting colleague in the Cabinet, put all that machinery in motion and in Parliament, to all the foreign which was brought into play by the policy of Mr Canning, down to the above Treaty, for the single purpose moment that he resigned the seals of of terminating the war. No doubt, the Foreign Office.
the noble Secretary for Foreign AfIt is to the paralyzing influence of fairs would point to the Treaty, and this infirmity, I attribute much of the ask, in what part of it, expressly or feeble and vacillating character of our by implication, the three powers proceedings as regards Greece and bound themselves to secure the inPortugal. We are again in the con- dependence of Greece. But I would dition in which we found ourselves point to the archives of the Foreign at the Congress of Verona, when we Office, and ask the noble Lord what were civilly enough permitted to pro he found there, (in the diplomatic test against those things of which we correspondence between the courts did not approve, and when, having of London, Paris, and St Petersburg, protested, the things were done with during the years 1826 and 1827,) to all imaginable disregard of our dis- justify the construction he now puts approbation. The Emperor of Russia upon the intentions of the allied at the gates of Constantinople ; Don powers? Or, I would ask the Duke Miguel on the throne of Portugal of Wellington what were his instruc
* Debate on Lord Holland's motion, February 12th.
tions, on this very point, when he pro- Thus, then, it is admitted, (as Lord ceeded upon his mission to St Peters. Palmerston observes,g) that burg ?
gards this country, he has BROKEN With respect to Portugal, it cer ALL FAITH, and offered PERSONAL INtainly does appear, from the admis SULT to his Majesty.” sions of ministers themselves,* that though too contemptible to punish they have allowed Don Miguel to for these delinquencies, he is a suftweak us by the nose, spit in our ficiently dignified and respectable face, and apply his foot to that part personage to seek as a friend ! This of our national person which is re country has so sought him, and been garded as the sanctuary of honour repulsed. And now, (to complete in individuals, and not, therefore, to the climax of our own dignity,) we be violated with impunity. And are accepting, if not soliciting, the why have these things been allow- good offices of the French governed? Because, says the Earl of Aber- ment, to bring about a reconciliation deen, and after him Lord Goderich, with his Most Faithful Majesty. the offender is too contemptible, too We, who have neither power to cominsignificant, to punish. On which pel, nor influence to persuade, “ the side does the insignificance prepon- treacherous, perjured, and perfididerate? But suppose we grant the ous” king, to shake hands with the argument, must we also grant its monarch he has“ insulted,” are tryconsequence, that he who is beneath ing what a friend can do for us. Engnotice, for his injuries, is worthy to land seeks a mediator, and that mebe sought for his friendship? This diator a Bourbon, to obtain for her would be too much. Yet, to this the privilege of resuming her ancient practical absurdity it comes. The relations with Portugal !—Portugal ! Earl of Aberdeen (and it is to be her oldest ally, bound to ber by a hoped some kind friend will indulge century and a half of solemnly rehis most faithful Majesty, in private, newed compacts; and, since the fawith a correct translation of the flat mous Methuen treaty, cherished by tering epithets) spoke to the charac- her as a valuable outlet for her mater of Don Miguel in these terms :- nufactures. Portugal! in whose “ That he is FALSE, that he is TREACH cause we took the field, when NapoEROUS, and that he is PERJURED, it is leon decreed that the House of BraIMPOSSIBLE TO DENY! I am also ready ganza had ceased to reign: for whom to believe that he is CRUEL !”+ And we fought and conquered, and in Lord Goderich, who was prime mi- whose councils it has ever been the nister (mirabile dictu !) during the policy of this country to prevail over time that some of these transactions and baffle the unceasing efforts and took place, which have stamped manifold intrigues of France, at all treachery, perfidy, and perjury on times, and under all circumstances, the character of Miguel-Lord Gode- to supplant us! We are now the suprich lends a few finishing touches to pliants of France to befriend us at the picture. “ For my part, I think Lisbon; and France, with secret exthe character which my noble friend ultation at the humility of our attihas drawn is a true one.”—“ As to tude, smiles graciously, and promises the conduct of Don Miguel, which us her good offices, to be bestowed, has arisen, as my noble friend says, doubtless, with her accustomed disfrom perfidy and treachery, and by regard of her own interests, and with which he has insulted the sovereign a special oblivion of the opportunity of England,” &c.—"I confess I have she now has, to say one word for us, not language to express the contempt and two for herself. How Prince and abhorrence in which I hold the Polignac must contrast his present conduct of Don Miguel,” &c. &c.f situation, as prime minister, with his
Debate in the House of Lords, on Lord Melbourne's motion, Feb. 18th, and in the House of Commons, on Lord Palmerston's motion, March 10th.
+ Debate on the 18th February.
Reply of the Earl of Aberdeen (March 11th) to questions which were put by Lord Holland upon a passage in the King of France's speech to the Chambers.
former one, as ambassador, with re abandonment of the constitutional ference to this question of French party. I will concede, hypothetically, and English influence at Lisbon ! He that in all these points the course of can recollect a case, within the last the government has been marked by six years, when a French ambassa- wisdom, and that neutrality has been dor at Lisbon held language, on the no less its object than its policy. But subject of marching French troops I have yet to learn, that the honour into Portugal, so reprehensible, that of the country has been duly mainhe, Prince Polignac, was compelled tained; and that in adopting the amto obtain from his government a sa- biguous prineiple of disdaining to tisfactory assurance in writing, (a punish insults, because we despise verbal assurance was rejected,) that the person who offers them, we have even if application should be made not established the precedent, the to France by the King of Portugal dangerous precedent, that there are for aid, it would be refused; and insults, under given circumstances, further, that with regard to the am to which we will submit. Mr Fox, bassador himself, a dispatch had been who was no lover of war, held that sent to him,“ strongly disapproving the “honour of a country was the of his conduct.” He may remember, best justification for going to war;" too, how nearly the peace of Europe and Mr Peel, in discussing the queswas endangered by one rash step on tion of our transactions with Portuthe part of that ambassador, when, gal, (March 10th,) gave to this maxim fortunately, the commander of a Spa- his unqualified assent. It remains, nish frontier garrison had the discre- therefore, to be shewn by Ministers, tion not to obey his orders. Lastly, in the papers they have promised to he may remember, that when he was produce, whether (I use the words informed by our government of these of Mr Peel himself) “ the interests proceedings by the agent of his, and of this country obliged us to enter appeared to be ignorant of them, how into a war, or to hold that menacing unceremoniously incredulity was ex- language, which, if disregarded, left pressed as to the fact of his being no alternative but war ?” really ignorant. Such was then the His Majesty, in his speech to Parliajealousy and indignation of England ment, after lamenting that “hewas unat the bare idea of French influence, able to announce the prospect of a re. or French interference, in Portugal. conciliation between the princes of But alas! the short space of six years the house of Braganza,” added,“ that has been sufficient, not only to ex he had not yet deemed it expedient tinguish this jealousy, and calm this to re-establish upon their ancient indignation, but to place France in footing his Majesty's diplomatic relathe position of a mediator on behalf tions with the kingdom of Portugal; of England, in obtaining from Portu- but the numerous embarrassments gal the renewal of her former rela- arising from the continued interruptions with that country. What a fall- tion of these relations increased his ing off from the proud sufficiency of Majesty's desire to effect the termi. our own power to obtain our own pation of so serious an evil.” The objects!
Earl of Aberdeen, also, (Feb. 18th,) I know not what new lights may having done that justice to Don Mibreak in upon us, when the papers guel's character and conduct, which (all the papers, I hope) relating to has been quoted, observed, “it was our negotiations with the Courts of a point of minor importance to him Lisbon and Rio Janeiro, are laid be- whether Don Miguel were a Nero or fore Parliament. But unless they a Titus; but it was a matter of much disprove what Ministers themselves serious consideration what were to have admitted, or unless Ministers be our connexions with Portugal, have compromised their own cha- looking to the interests of the two racter unnecessarily and unjustly, I countries, and the basis upon which think there can be but one opinion our mutual relations were to be upon the subject of their proceed- founded, consistent with our honour, ings. I dismiss from my considera- happiness, and true interests." i tion altogether the incidental ques- agree with the Noble Lord, that it is tions of the affair at Terceira, the re a point of minor importance to us, cognition of Donna Maria, and the whether Don Miguel be a Nero or a
Titus ; I further agree with him that at the point of the sword. An amit is of much greater importance to bassador, who could have pointed know what are to be our future re with one hand to the conditions we lations with Portugal : but I do not required, and with the other, to a agree with him, if he would hence British squadron in the Tagus, would infer or maintain, that the restoration have required nothing which Don of those relations is the only, or the Miguel would have refused, and principal, thing we have to look to. would have obtained nothing which And I am quite sure of this, that when- Don Miguel would have ventured to ever these relations are now restored, revoke or neutralize. If there be one whenever the “numerous embarrass- description of persons in whom, more ments arising from their interrup- than another, it is necessary to intition,” are removed, whenever Don midate by“ menacing language,” it is Miguel condescends that the con such a person as the Earl of Aberdeen nexion between the two countries described—“false, treacherous, and shall be re-established upon its an perfidious;" and I venture to assert, cient footing, if that should ever be that if “menacing language” had the case, (which I much doubt,) un been employed, Mr Peel's nervous der the auspices of France-the ar- apprehensions of the alternative, rangement will be infinitely less sa would have been in no danger of tisfactory in itself, less durable in its being realized; for they who are acnature, less beneficial in its conse cessible only to such appeals, are quences, less honourable in its cha- the very last in the world by whom racter, than if it had been demanded they are likely to be “ disregarded.”
HEAT AND THIRST,-A SCENE IN JAMAICA.
The Torch was lying at anchor in The swell rolled in from the offing Bluefields Bay. It was between eight in long shining undulations, like a and nine in the morning. The land sea of quicksilver, whilst every now wind had died away, and the sea and then a flying fish would spark breeze had not set in there was out from the unruffled bosom of the not a breath stirring. The pennant heaving water, and shoot away like a from the mast-lead fell sluggishly silver arrow, until it dropped with a down, and clung amongst the rigging flash into the sea again. There was like a dead snake, whilst the folds of not a cloud in the heavens, but a the St George's ensign that hung from quivering blue haze hung over the the mizen-peak, were as motionless Jand, through which the white sugaras if they had been carved in marble. works and overseers' houses on the
The anchorage was one unbroken distant estates appeared to twinkle mirror, except where its glasslike like objects seen through a thin surface was shivered into sparkling smoke, whilst each of the tall stems ripples by the gambols of a skipjack, of the cocoa-nut trees on the beach, or the flashing stoop of his enemy the when looked at steadfastly, seemed pelican; and the reflection of the ves to be turning round with a small spisel was so clear and steady, that at the ral motion, like so many endless distance of a cable's length you could
There was a dreamy indisnot distinguish the water-line, nor tinctness about the outlines of the tell where the substance ended and hills, even in the immediate vicinity, shadow began, until the casual dash- which increased as they receded, uning of a bucket overboard for a few til the blue mountains in the horizon moments broke up the phantom ship; melted into sky. The crew were but the wavering fragments soon re- listlessly spinning oakum, and mendunited, and she again floated double, ing sails, under the shade of the awnlike the swan of the poet. The heat ing; the only exceptions to the genewas so intense, that the iron stan- ral languor were Johncrow the black, cheons of the awning could not be and Jackoo the monkey. The forgrasped with the hand, and where *mer (who was an improvisatore of a the decks were not screened by it, rough stamp) sat out on the bowthe pitch boiled out from the seams. sprit, through choice, beyond the
shade of the canvass, without hat or On making my report, I was deshirt, like a bronze bust, busy with his sired to pull towards it in the gig; task, whatever that might be, singing and as we approached, one of the crew at the top of his pipe, and between said he thought he saw someone peerwhiles confabulating with his hairying over the bow. We drew nearer, ally, as if he had been a messmate. and I saw him distinctly.
Why The monkey was hanging by the tail don't you haul the sheet aft, and come from the dolphin-striker, admiring down to us, sir ?” what Johncrow called “his own dam He neither moved nor answered, ogly face in the water.”—“ Tail like but, as the boat rose and fell on the yours would be good ting for a sailor, short sea raised by the first of the Jackoo, it would leave his two hands breeze, the face kept mopping and free aloft-more use, more hornament mowing at us over the gunwale. too, I'm sure, den de piece of greasy “ I will soon teach you manners, junk dat hangs from de Captain's taf- my fine fellow! give way, men”fril.—Now I shall sing to you, how and I fired my musket, when the dat Corromantee rascal, my fader, crow that I had seen rose from the was sell me on de Gold Coast. boat into the air, but immediately “ Two red nightcap, one long knife, alighted again, to our astonishment, All him get for Quackoo,
vulture-like with outstretched wings, For gun next day him sell him wife upon the head.
You tink dat good song, Jackoo ?” Under the shadow of this horrible
Chocko, chocko," chattered the plume, the face seemed on the instant monkey, as if in answer. “Ah, you to alter like a hideous change in a tink so-sensible honimal !-What dream. It appeared to become of a is dat ? shark ?--Jackoo, come up, deathlike paleness, and anon streaked sir : don't you see dat big shovels with blood. Another stroke of the nosed fish looking at you ? Pull your oar-the chin had fallen down, and hand out of the water, Garamighty!” the tongue was hanging out. AnThe negro threw himself on the other pull—the eyes were gone, gammoning of the bowsprit to take and from their sockets, brains and hold of the poor ape, who, mistaking blood were fermenting, and flowing his kind intention, and ignorant of down the cheeks. It was the face his danger, shrunk from him, lost of a putrefying corpse. In this floathis hold, and fell into the sea. The ing coffin we found the body of anshark instantly sank to have a run, other sailor, doubled across one of then dashed at his prey, raising his the thwarts, with a long Spanish snout over him, and shooting his head knife sticking between his ribs, as if and shoulders three or four feet out he had died in some mortal struggle, of the water, with poor Jackoo or, what was equally probable, had shrieking in his jaws, whilst his small put an end to himself in his frenzy; bones crackled and crunched under whilst along the bottom of the boat, the monster's triple row of teeth. arranged with some shew of care,
Whilst this small tragedy was act- and covered by a piece of canvass ing-and painful enough it was to the stretched across an oar above it, lay kind-hearted negro-I was looking the remains of a beautiful boy, about out towards the eastern horizon, fourteen years of age, apparently but watching the first dark-blue ripple of a few hours dead. Some biscuit, a the sea-breeze, when a rushing noise roll of jerked beef, and an earthen passed over my head.
water-jar, lay beside him, shewing I looked up and saw a gallinaso, that hunger at least could have had the large carrion-crow of the tropics, no share in his destruction, but the sailing, contrary to the habits of its pipkin was dry, and the small waterkind, seaward over the brig. I fol- cask in the bow was staved, and lowed it with my eye, until it vanish- empty. ed in the distance, when my atten We had no sooner cast our graption was attracted by a dark speck pling over the bow, and begun to tow far out in the offing, with a little tiny the boat to the ship, than the abomiwhite sail. With my glass I made it nable bird that we had scared settled out to be a ship's boat, but I saw no down into it again, notwithstanding one on board, and the sail was idly our proximity, and began to peck at flapping about the mast.
the face of the dead boy, At this