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sequence, that the poorer classes be- itself, or of separating them from come debased in an equal ratio. It wealth. A needy lord is the readiest would appear that our government, of all political tools, for he is purhowever, had always acted upon a sued by the double necessities of his principle the very reverse of this. pocket and his dignity. He cannot Ministers, much wiser, no doubt, starve like a commoner, and he is, than any who ruled the destinies of therefore, the more rapacious animal England in Lord Bacon's time, had of the two. The state has lifted him recommended his most gracious Ma- out of the crowd, and placed him on jesty, since he ascended the throne, his pedestal; and the state must keep to create no less a number than six- him there. He cannot descend again. TY PEERS! And I believe his Ma- Your plain Mr Jenkins, if the tide of jesty's father, of pious memory, went fortune is at its ebb with him, may even a few steps farther. Indeed, I indulge in that primitive simplicity have been assured by a friend, on of eating and drinking, and of all the whose authority I can rely, “ that a other wants of the body, which so MAJORITY of the Upper House do not naturally captivates us when we have sit there by hereditary descent." A to adapt a frugal expenditure to a hundred and twenty Dukes, Mar- lean purse. But what can my Lord quisses, Earls, Viscounts, and Ba- Jenkins do ? He cannot grow fond of rons, whose patents of creation time the country, and live in a cottage ; has not soiled with his dusty finger! neither can he walk down to the The ink black and fresh, the parch- House of Peers, when Parliament is ment still white and spotless, the Great sitting, after first walking down two Seal not only without a crack, but flights of stairs, from a second floor, bright and ruddy! It is in no cynic. in some street leading to a square. al spirit, still less with the spleen of No, no; whatever may be his natural a surly lover of democracy, that I disposition to carry himself erect, he ask, how many of those royally en must be more or less than man, if nobled persons could shew their pa- the weight of a coronet on his brow, tents, and their titles to them, at the without the support of a long rentsame time? But a graver question roll in his pocket, does not make him remains. The pernicious effect which stoop in the presence of every one, this system must have upon

the con

from a Prime Minister down to the servative principles of the British Secretary of a Secretary of State, who constitution, by disturbing that nice- has patronage at first hand, or who ly-adjusted balance of regal, aristo- has any hand in patronage. cratical, and popular influence, so There is a proud and consecrated perfect, so matchless in theory, and feeling co-ordinate with hereditary so capable of working with all its rank, a lofty consciousness of ancesabstract excellence, as we know from tral honour, a dignity of trust in the experience, in its practical operation. knowledge that a name, illustrious Assuming a hypothetical case, for the through many generations, depends sake of argument, and demanding, as upon ourselves to be transmitted to I have a right to do, that my words our posterity with a still untarnishshall not be stretched to a larger ed lustre, which a man must be demeaning than I give them myself, I generate in the extreme, not to wear have no hesitation in saying, that a constantly about him as a “ hidden corrupt nobility is infinitely more strength,” of power to make him dangerous than a corrupt represen; pass on with unblemished majesty” tative body. The latter, when the evil amid every snare and wile of corbecomes intolerable, can be purified, ruption. With wealth too ample for and would be; but the former goes the emoluments of office, or the on rotting and putrifying, till its in- largest gifts of the Crown, to swell tolerable stench in the nostrils of so far beyond its present bounds as the commonwealth constrain the

ap to tempt his cupidity, what motives plication of that remedy which cures can such a man have to swerve from by removing altogether the reeking the straight path of rectitude ? Even nuisance. And what is the process if he be ambitious, or ştimulated by by which a corrupt nobility is en the lust of dispensing benefits to the gendered? The unerring one of di- hungry followers of a Minister, there vorcing titles of honour from honour is every chance that he will gratify VOL. XXVII, NO, CLXV.

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his passion without taint or blemish; an inert mass of resistance, but a reawhile the greater probability is, if he soning, dispassionate, and invincibly embark in the duties of a public life, honourable opposition to the very he will do so from a desire to give his same measure. All this, I say, I country the advantage of his talents “ most religiously believe.” If I did and his virtues. It would be a Uto- not, indeed, there might be some danpian dream to expect that, in a mix- ger of my yielding to the supposition ed government like ours, or, indeed, that we have already such an aristoin any government, we can have a cracy as I have described. pure aristocracy, of venerable de Mr Peel, by the bye, in noticing the scent and princely revenues; but it statement by Mr Davenport, seemed is a sober truth, that a jealous vigi- to triumph in the opportunity which Jance should be exercised to guard it gave him of saying something in us from its opposite, an aristocracy favour of the “Noble Duke at the where the hereditary nobles are out head of his Majesty's Government." numbered, or even balanced, by a file “It has been objected to former Miof Lords culled from the camp, the nisters,” he observed,“ that too many bar, the squirearchy, and the super. Peers were made. His Grace the Duke annuated voters in Ministerial majo- of Wellington, however, is exempt rities. Such peers may become like a from this imputation, for his Majesty torpid limb upon the body of the con- has only been pleased to make one stitution, depraving all its healthful Peer during his whole administrafunctions, paralysing its vital ener- tion.”—His whole administration! gies, incapable of excision, and so en That is, an administration of just two tailing destruction upon the entire years! Now, in my humble opinion, frame. They are, and must be, to a and with all due deference to Mr certain extent, the satellites of the Peel, if Peers are made in that ratio, greater planet; they cannot move in communibus annis, we shall never be any orbit of their own; the breath in want of patrician ancestors for that made them is the air by which posterity; and that unless those who they live,-if they have it not they are the posterity of their own ancesdie; and from their very nature, they tors, die off in something like the constitute an inert mass, ready to be same proportion, without male issue applied, whenever occasion requires, lawfully begotten, we bid fair to have to stop the movements of the politi- as numerous an aristocracy as Pocal machine, or to give them an ac- land, or France before the Revolucelerated velocity, when a destruc- tion, when, as it has been said, a man tive rapidity is desired. I do not say could not “void his rheum” out of that we, in this happy country, are window, without running the risk of exposed to such a danger as I have offering an indignity to one of the imagined. I do not say that we have noblesse. Were I å king, (which I any of these satellites. I am far from do not expect I ever shall be,) memeaning to insinuate, that the disas- thinks it would be my ambition to trous event of last Session was a proof surround my throne with such a pickof the tendency of such a body to ed nobility, that it should puzzle the communicate an accelerated veloci- Herald's College to make out their ty to any particular movement of the table of precedency; and as to those political machine. I am bound to be- who were already good squires, they lieve, and, of course, I do believe, should remain so, and not lose their that every one of the noble persons addition, by becoming ciphers, or bad who voted for Catholic Emancipa- lords. If a useful man was very imtion last year, did so, because they portunate to make “his Joan a lady,” discovered reasons why it should be lie should be allowed to play his part no longer delayed, which they were in the comedy of pride as a simple utterly unable to perceive before. I knight; and now and then, should he am quite convinced it was this dis- be smit with the desire of founding covery,conscientiously made by each a race of Sirs, a baronetcy might deindividual Peer at the same moment, scend upon him. But great and marand in consequence of profound re

vellous should be his deserts whom searches separately instituted, which I would admit into the august sancinduced them all at once to give way, tuary of the Peerage; deserts which after having for years presented, not no honours could ennoble, though

But upon

they might serve to perpetuate the have expected from his Grace of memory of him whom they enno- Wellington's usual“promptitude and bled. Exalted in my own dignity, decision,” that when he heard of by being encircled with such a body Lord Ellenborough's silly confidenof hereditary counsellors, should I tial communication, he would have not have a right to exclaim-“Aye! exclaimed instantlyEvery inch a king!”

Cassio, I love thee,

But never more be officer of mine !" HOUSE OF COMMONS, Feb. 5. We have had a little conversation I have much to say upon the subthis evening about the famous “Ego” ject of our Foreign Policy, which epistle, from Juhun MEN SHUHUR, to formed the prominent topic of disELCHEE JAN MALKOOL Mont; or, in cussion this evening, when my Lord other words, Lord Ellenborough's Darlington appeared at the bar with “ wild elephant” letter (Mr Peel the Address, and if I had spoken in called this part of it“ an injudicious my place, it would have been after joke !") to Sir John Malcolm. It is Lord Palmerston, Mr Peel, Mr C. a silly and contemptible affair ; but Grant, Lord J. Russell, and Dr Lushlike straws, which shew what quar- ington, had addressed the House, and ter the wind blows from, these silly before Mr Sadler spoke. and contemptible things are sure in- consideration, I am disposed to think dications of the mind that breeds it is a question of too much importthem. I should live in solitude all

ance, to be argued incidentally as it the rest of my life, and mourn in sack were; and as I am sure it must come cloth and ashes, if I had been the before Parliament, during the prewriter of such a letter. But I could sent Session, in a more grave and not have lived at all-no, not another formal manner, that will be the time hour, after I knew what was the de- for me to come forward. fence which my friends had made for Sir Francis Burdett, I thought,

Mr Peel's palliative was just spoke very irreverently of the illussuch an excuse as a mortified father trious Premier, as Premier. “ When would make for a lubberly son, who the noble Duke," said he, “ attrihad been detected in playing some butes the distress of the country to coarse practical joke, utterly inde- the increase of machinery, and the fensible, and to be overlooked solely application of the power of steam, on account of the young gentleman which have, by als scientific men, not knowing how to behave himself been regarded as the principal sourbetter. “ The fact was,” said the ces of our prosperity,—when I hear good-natured Secretary, in a tone of such declarations from the Prime parental pity and fondness, “ the no Minister of England, I feel inclined ble lord wrote it hastily and inad. to agree with the noble Duke, in vertently;" and, “the House should what he once said of his supposed judge the noble lord by the entire te views upon the Government of the nor of his official conduct, and not country, and to consider him as fallhasten to condemn him for an incon en into that insanity which he himsiderate and injudicious joke about self said must come upon him, bea wild elephant in a private letter." fore he could aspire to the situation The fact is, a man who could “hasti- of Prime Minister of England.” Mr ly” write a long letter, which it would Peel observed, that it was a very intake half an hour for an expert pen- convenient practice, alluding to what man to copy, is one of those incon

was supposed to be said in the other siderate persons who are more fit to House. He even complained of it be themselves controlled, than to ex

ungenerous and unjust,” when ercise control over others. Men who the Prime Minister was not there to are capable of committing, signal defend himself! The Right Honourblunders, though they may be very able Gentleman is certainly a most worthy persons in all other respects, unlucky defender of his absent should be removed from a situation friends! where their blunders may chance to do signal mischief; and Iown I should



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TIE REIGNING VICE. In our June Number of 1827, we reviewed fully and freely a moral satire of great merit, bearing this title, and gave copious extracts. The author has sent to us the concluding Books, with the following notice. C. N.

“ In a Preface to the already published Books of The Reigning Vice, the author attempted to explain his design in the following words.

« « My aim, in the Poem, is rather to point out a moral disease than a moral sanity; and having established the prevalence of the former, to consider what means of recovery are in our power. My object in these (that is, the published) Books, is to prove that Self-love is universal, and, in our world, disordered. I have pointed out in the First Book many outward exhibitions of human nature, as proving the universality of self-love. 'In the second, I have traced her to some of her lurking-places, and through some of her modes of action. In the third, I have attempted to delineate her prominent features in the present day. In the fourth, I have shewn her to be the sole cause of human evils, from her identity with Selfishness. In the Books that are to come, I propose to develope the cause and object of her caprices, and finally to consider the means by which her perverted impulse may be turned to its right end and original destination.' “ The

Books spoken of in the last paragraph, as 'to come,' are those which are now about to be laid before the public. The two first will develope thè cause and object of the caprices' of Self-love, and also of the fluctuations of the darker passions—the two last will suggest the remedy."

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As the shell, parted from its parent shore,
Still murmuring, echoes Ocean's boundless roar,
The soul, God's image, wandering far abroad,
Mocks in itself the attributes of God!
Creative energy, discerning sense,
Love, justice, mercy, power, benevolence.
God is all-bappy ;--to its fountain true,
Th' aspiring soul would be all-happy too.
But say, can man the springs of joy control,
Or can a part be perfect as the whole ?
To things created bliss can only fall
From Him who fills, sustains, and governs all :
Man seeks it in himself, with erring bent,
And mortal happiness is self-content.
Yes ! self-content is earth’s Elysian rest,
Nature's strong cry in every human breast;
This the true aim of all beneath the sun,
The means are different, but the end is one.
Each various object fair or hateful seems,
As it prolongs or dissipates our dreams :
Gold, lineage, fame, are only steps to rise
More in our own than in another's eyes ;
And all the stir of action is but dear,
Because it drowns the voice we would not hear.
Yet reason shakes us ;--come then, fond self-love,
In guile the serpent, and in mien the dove;
Bind all thy foes with chains conceal'd in flowers,
And call around thee all thy sister powers !
Should conscience dare her Argus watch to keep,
Charm, one by one, her thousand eyes to sleep!
O’er every mind some spell peculiar fling,
And bid each state its own delusion bring!

Let absolution still the Romish breast,
In some strange penance be the Brahmin blest ;
The Indian, in the victim of his hate,
His victim in the smile that conquers fate;
While still shall wave before the Moslem's eyes
The blood-red sword that opens Paradise !

How strong the impulse self-content to gain,
When pleasure thus is snatch'd from depths of pain !

Victorious Instinct, thou canst soar above
The love of life, yea, ev'n a mother's love!
Lo, Indian widows, by thy promise led,
Triumphant hail the bridal of the dead;
And, vow'd to Ganges, new-born infants win
Unholy pardon for their parents' sin.

To common life the searching glance direct 3–
What sweet atonements there, our peace protect !
If deadly sins dispute the way to Heaven,
One monstrous virtue shall outweigh the seven.
What through the stews if married Claudio ran ?
He gamed not—therefore was a moral man !
But, should no virtue to our suit be kind,
Defects of heart are paid by gifts of mind.
Good Sense may well good Nature's want supply,
And, pray, what need hath Wit of Honesty ?
In every rank, success can gild deceit,
And thieves are proud as patriots when they cheati
Nay, ev'n the body spreads a decent screen
The soul and her deformities between.
A well-turn'd leg with prudence may dispense,
Bright eyes with thought, fine teeth with common sense.
Great charms the decalogue aside may fling;
“ I'm not a saint-but then how well I sing ?”
The old still gild the present with the past,
Talk of my day,” and triumph to the last;
And batter'd heroes, veteran beauties, glow
O’er gay campaigns of fifty years ago.

See how each mind, its self-repose to keep,
Hath its own way to lull each fear to sleep!
Some, in youth's vigour, take a sort of pride
In sins, to youth and vigour near allied.
Some, restless, find their own excuse at length
In Nature's weakness, and in Passion's strength.

rs, when pangs intrusive wake within,
Take comfort from the multitude who sin,
And, if their errors too notorious glare,
Thank God—they are not “worse than others are."
Some mourn the frailties which they never mend,

very sorrow's with confession end;
They half rejoice to know their passions' force,
And feel a satisfaction in remorse.
Or the same mind may all these means employ
To lay the ghost that haunts forbidden joy.

Professions seem on mortals to confer
The profit of a double character.
In some small matters if the private fail,
The public character shall turn the scale;
If, by hard fate, the public man should err,
Hey, presto! shew the private character !
Each lays the healing unction to his heart
Of playing well his own peculiar part.

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