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and to increase the means of annoy treasures of the Roman empire iüt ing the colonies, the situation which its proudest days,-never were such James Stephen, Jun., now fills, was, great and important interests, comit is believed, found necessary, was, mercial and political, committed to it is supposed, created. Formerly, such injudicious hands. and in those days when Great Britain I have no wish, my Lord Duke, to held many more colonies than she embarass, to oppose, or to give ofnow holds, the duty of Mr Stephen's fence to his Majesty's government, office was performed, and the peace or to any individual member thereof; which every colony enjoyed, shewed but as a British subject, interested in, that the duty was well performed by and anxious to see the prosperity of the customary government law offi- Great Britain, and the prosperity of cers, at an expense not exceeding all her possessions; and feeling as one L.400 per annum. Then, and during of those individuals connected with the time that Mr Goulbourne held our colonies must feel, whose chathe office of Under Secretary for the racters and whose actions are daily Colonies, the law adviser of the Colo- and unjustly held up to accusation nial-office was very properly only and reproach, and who perceive their permitted to come to that office when property not merely rendered unprohe was officially sent for, in order to ductive, but threatened with extinc give his opinion upon such colonial tion, from the effects of a rash, prepapers as might be submitted to him. judiced, and influential party in this But things are altogether changed. country, it cannot be deemed either Mr Stephen is planted in the Colonial- contemptuous or imprudent to enoffice with apartments, a salary of quire, if it is true, that when an emiL.2000 per annum, and with three or nent solicitor in London, a short time four clerks of his own choosing, to ago, carried some accounts in a West assist him, and all paid by this coun- India cause, by order of the Court of try; while, instead of enjoying peace Chancery, to an anti-colonial master, and security as formerly, we find to adjust them, that he tossed them every colony under the British crown, from the table to the floor of his apart from east to west, and from line to ment, declaring, with indignation, pole, involved in turmoil and trouble, that he would not look at them, until discontent increasing, and ruin threa- he was satisfied that the religious intening to overwhelm them. For this struction of the slaves had been prostate of things, every one of them perly attended to ! blame Mr Stephen, Jun. They be Further, it may not be deemed its lieve, because, my Lord Duke, they relevant to ask, if it is true, that Mr feel from acts, from his correspond- Stephen, Jun., acts for the Under Seence, and his intimate connexion with cretaries of State, when they are abthe hostile and influential party, ar sent ? and even when they are prerayed in this country against them, sent, if he does not try to assume the that he and that party have, in reality, direction of many questions? If it long been Colonial Secretary; and is true, that he interferes with every the fa is not to be disguised nor thing that is colonial, whether it recontravened, that in his hands, not lates to the colonies or their affairs, the hands of their own legisla- as connected with the commercial or ture, or in the hands of his Majes- political interests of the country? If ty's representatives resident with it is true, that every colonial paper them, the inhabitants of every Bri or dispatch is referred to him, and tish colony conceive their liberties, which reference makes him, in the their properties, and their characters, double capacity in which he stands, to be placed. They may now be, and (law adviser or clerk to the Privý I hope that they are wrong, in be- Council, and law adviser at the Cóc lieving this, but what has taken lonial-office,) auditor of his own opi. place, has most unquestionably given nions, given as law clerk to the Board them too much reason to believe that of Trade? If it is true, that the Crown their destinies were committed to his Lawyers at present, and for some hands, and without disparaging his time past, have been heard to declare, abilities, it is necessary to remark, that they receive from every governthat never were such 'mighty inte- ment office clear and distinct inforrests, my Lord Duke, which, taken mation transmitted to them, regardtogether, surpass in importance the ing cases on which they are called to
svgjve their opinion, except those cases correspondence of the office? Is it which come from the Colonial-office, true, that, indignant and alarmed at which appear involved in such ambi-, the liberties which he saw Mr Ste-: guity, that they find it difficult to give phen taking with public colonial doan opinion upon them? If it is true, cuments, he remonstrated with Mr that Mr Stephen, by the way in which Horton upon the subject ?—that the he touches. off every subject, and by, correspondence grew warm ?-that the advice which he has given, has it was referred to Earl Bathurst ? agitated Canada, and endangered the that the result was, that either Mr separation of our North American co-. Horton or Mr Penn must leave the lonies, (“his evidence,” says a writer office ? Mr Penn certainly retired in Blackwood's Magazine, for Sep- with his pension, and with the agen-, tember last, page 335, “has EXCITED cy of Ceylon, worth L.1200 a-year, UNIVERSAL DISGUST AND INDIGNATION. and previously held by Mr Huskis. in the two Provinces,”) and sown. son. Mr Stephen certainly was about dissension in every colony. which that time forbidden the office, except communicates with the office where when officially sent for. He took he is ? If it is true, that ever since an office for about twelve months, he has been in the office he holds, somewhere in the neighbourhood that every bill which has been pass- of Whitehall; but not long ago, he ed by the legislature of every island is found re-seated in the Colonial in the West Indies, has been cavilled Office with greater power than ever! at, (by whom, I say not,) in the spi The power which this gentleman ritof metaphysical jugglers, who con-. assumes, or is permitted to assume, ceive every person but themselves is certainly both dangerous and redeficient of honour and sincerity ?. prehensible. : The unconstitutional If it is true, that not only Mr Stephen, letters, which in Earl Bathurst's name but Mr Macauley, have been seen accompanied the rash resolutions of ranging through the office, almost at the House of Commons in 1823, to pleasure,—the latter generally on the the different West India colonies, eve of any parliamentary debate on letters so unconstitutional, that his colonial subjects, till even inferior. Majesty's government, as I am in-. clerks trembled to be held as the re- formed, afterwards thanked the Duke sponsible keepers of colonial papers? of Manchester for the sound discre- : And if it be true, that the cause of tion which he exercised, in withholdthe deep discontent, which spreads ing them from the legislature of Jain every colony, springs from a be- maica, were, it is, well understood, lief, that the questions here asked can the production of the jaundiced pen. only be answered in the affirmative; of Mr Stephen. The captious, speand if things are in this state, then cial pleading, tortuous letter, which can any thing be more dangerous and bore Mr Huskisson's signature, and reprehensible?
which at a later period did so much Who, my Lord Duke, was it that mischief in the same island, emanated gave, or who, I ask, was it that dared from the same head. In Mr Stephen's. to give to Dr Lushington, amongst handwriting, the letter, with correcpapers connected with the case of tions and interlineations, was, as I Lecesne and Escoffery, the secret and am informed, brought to and placed most confidential letter from the Co- upon the right honourable Secretalonial Secretary, Earl Bathurst, to ry's table. Important papers, conthe Governors of the West India Co- nected with an important. Eastern lonies, which, when the discovery and distant colony, were not long was made, that it had escaped from ago requested to be submitted to the the Colonial-office, made Mr Horton Under Secretary, an excellent and tremble, and induced him to threaten honourable man, previous to a meetDr Lushington with his personal re- ing to consider the case. The papers sentment, if he ventured to use it, or (not papers such as Mr Stephen liked) to disclose it in any manner ? Did were carried to the Colonial-office, your Grace, moreover, never hear of by the gentleman who had the charge a dispute betwixt Mr Stephen and an of the subject to which they related, honourable gentleman in the Colo- and by him, in the absence of the nial-office, named Penn, who had, I Under Secretary, placed in the hands believe, the chief charge of all the of the proper clerk. The day of
meeting came. The Under Secretary be“ hired,” and that in its labours “it was not prepared to discuss the ques. affords an instance of the most wretchtion, having never seen the papers; ed venality;" and if it is of this stamp, and which he complained had never it may have heard of, or may know, been sent! The clerk to whom they that British Journal which receihad been given was called. He at ved L.1500 of the Catholic rent, in once stated he had received them, order to revile the brother of your and that he had given them to Mr Sovereign. With regard to the seStephen. That gentleman was ap- cond paper, I have to observe, that I plied to. He had forgot ever having war not with the dead; and if the received or seen such papers. After living are wise, they will cease to remuch delay and rummaging, they sort to such miserable weapons as were however found. It is but lately, were in an evil hour some months as I have been informed, that Mr Ste- ago resorted to, in order to answer phen submitted a colonial case to my refutation of their statements. the Attorney-General for his opi- Moreover, while the Courier daily nion. The opinion was given, and informs the world that it supports returned. It did not please Mr Ste- Government, and quietly receives in phen. He sent it back, accompanied return exclusive intelligence which its with some remarks of his own, for contemporaries must pay high to rethe further consideration of the At- ceive from other sources, even when torney-General. The latter, indig- they can so obtain it, the conductors nant at this proceeding, returned the of the Courier ought to be the last case, with this laconic reply,—“ The persons who stand forward to accuse Attorney-General of England sees no any one of working for gain, and conreason to alter his opinion.” Is this sequently, in their mode of reasoning, the way that colonial business of the not to be credited in any thing which first importance is to be transacted ? they may advance. Dismissing, how
Since last I had the honour to ad ever, the less conspicuous parties, I dress you, the charge of being an proceed to bring before your Grace hired advocate has been renewed by the more notable calumniators, who, two government organs, characters through the columns which I allude of " unsunned snow,” the Times and to, and other mischievous columns, the London Courier. With regard to resort-for want of information, facts, the former, I observe that Mr O'Con- and truth, on colonial subjects—to sinell, in his Letter “ to the people of milar accusations. Let us see what the county of Waterford,” (and your pay they or their friends receive for Grace will admit that O'Connell is their labours and active hostility carnot an incompetent judge in such ried on against the West India Comatters,) says, that this Journal can lonies,
Salaries. James Stephen, senior, Master in Chancery,
L.3500 James Stephen, junior, Law Adviser to the Colonial Office and Lords of Trade and Plantations,
2000 Mr Sergeant Stephen, one of the Common Law Commissioners,
800 Mr Geo. Stephen, Solicitor and Secretary to the Anti-Slavery Society, and other African pickings,
uncertain Mr John Stephen, brother to James, one of the Judges in the Supreme Court in New South Wales,
2000 Mr Alfred Stephen, lately acting Attorney-General in New South Wales,
1000 Mr John Stephen, junior, one of the Commissioners of Crown Lands in New South Wales,
800 Mr — Stephen, Clerk to Supreme Court in New South Wales, 500 Francis Forbes, Chief Justice of Supreme Court in New South Wales, a relative of Mr Stephen's,
3000 Colonel Arthur, Governor of Van Diemen's Land, appointed by interference of Mr Wilberforce, say
4000 L. 17,600
VOL. XXVII, NO, CLXII.
This is tolerably well for one fa- and the most abject, and helpless, and mily, and only one of their protegés. degrading of all slavery, under the Let us come to another family, the mask of liberty, on the western coast Leviathan of the band, who do not of Africa. In that quarter fortunes deal by thousands, but by hundreds are readily made out of John Bull's of thousands. Mr ZACHARY MACAU- gullibility. LEY, as Parliamentary returns shew Before concluding, it is necessary us, is the factotum of every thing in to turn to the impudent remarks of Sierra Leone, and on the coast of the black-hearted writer in the WestAfrica. The expenditure in and up- minster Review. This “ blustering" on that establishment is admitted in bully, speaking in the name of the a Parliamentary paper, published last people of England, (what presumyear for the use of the Finance Com- tion !) dares to denounce the British mittee, to exceed six millions ster- subjects in the West Indies as “BLUS. ling; and if the sum had been dou TERING PAUPERS," whom England bled, it would not have exceeded the supports on a “ Pauper's list.” The truth, The commissions and the real “ Pauper's list” of England, my agencies for such sums may be esti- Lord Duke, is, in one description or mated by those who dabble in the other, now become a lengthened and enormous national debt of Great Bri an awful roll; but let your Grace tain, but cannot be calculated accu look at and into the periods of disrately by individuals who are not ac tress and calamity, which have of late customed to consider this or similar years so frequently pressed heavily things. Mr Macauley is also“ navy upon the people of Great Britain, prize agent" for the African coast, and say when, and where, and how and has his commission of 5 per cent often, any one connected with the on all sums paid as bounties for the West Indies, their property and capture of slaves. According to Par their commerce, at home or abroad, liamentary Paper, No. 399 of 1827 either applied to the hand of British this country has paid, down to 1826, charity for relief, or required it ? I the enormous sum of L.484,344,6s.8d. dare this “ blustering” writer to consterling, for that purpose; and the Fi- tradict me, when I state, that on every nance Accounts shew us, that up occasion when distress visited the wards of L.70,000 more have been population of Great Britain, or the paid since that period, besides the population of any other part of the enormous sums which yet remain to British Empire, the West Indian probe paid ! The commissions on these prietors, and all those connected with at 5 per cent are easily calculated, the West India trade, were always but to these remain to be added the amongst the foremost and the most commissions derived from the pro- liberal contributors to afford relief. ceeds of the sale of ships captured Besides this personal charity, it is in the African slave trade, which are notorious to every one, the writer of exceedingly great, but which no Par the article alluded to alone excepted, liamentary return that I have ever that so jealous was the mother counseen enables me, even to approxi- try of the value and importance of mate. Besides all these good things these colonies (we shall presentto himself, we find Mr Macauley's ly see what these are) to her most son, J. B. MACAULEY, one of the com valuable interests, that she, till withmissioners for bankruptcy in Eng- in the last four years, compelled them land, with an income, as I have heard, to send all their produce to her shores, of L. 1400 a-year!
and to take every article of supply No wonder, my Lord Duke, that which they required from herself, alall these individuals join in the cry though they could frequently have against the West India Colonies, and got most of the latter cheaper elseturn up their eyes with contempt, where, and a better price for the forand their noses with disdain, at the mer in the markets of foreign countrifling remuneration which they tries. The appellation of “paupers,” could obtain in that quarter, while therefore, my Lord Duke, is grievousthey can reach power, crowned with ly misapplied by this advocate of such emoluments, by constituting and tyranny, the most savage that ever supporting Englishmen and English- disgraced the European Press, or women as slaves, and PROPERTY IN European Legislation. *** ABSOLUTE RIGHT, in New South Wales, “ The West Indians," says this au
dacious libeller, “ have sometimes this wicked anti-British writer dethreatened to transfer their allegiance spises, and loads with such venomous to America. If the Americans would abuse — these very colonies - nay, take them on such terms, it would even a small proportion of them, was be policy for Great Britain to offer then the utmost height of his ambithe Americans a million sterlinga-year tion, and to gain which he continued to consent to the arrangement, and for ten years to sweep Europe, from she would be a great gainer by the the mountains of Andalusia to the bargain after all. A collection of banks of the Moskwa, with despotism, paupers who should utter a threat oppression, injustice, and all the terthat they would quit the parish, would rors of war! His declaration, my not be half so welcome to put their Lord Duke, made at a still later pethreats in execution. The PeoPLE OF riod-at the moment when he was ENGLAND ARE TIRED OF THE West about to proceed to his fatal Russian Indians.” Your Grace knows much campaign, is even still more remarkbetter than this raving enthusiast, that able, and ought to be remembered, the people of England have not got if not by every European, at least by in their national treasury an annual every British statesman. Then he overflowing“ million” to give away declared, that he held, and would conto the Americans for any purpose, tinue to hold against the remonstranand still less to give it away for such a ces of Russia, all the Prussian forpurpose as that here recommended. tresses from the Elbe to the Niemen, Moreover, it is necessary to observe, as an equivalent to compel the restowhat this malevolent writer either ration of the Tropical Colonies which does not know,or cannot comprehend; during the war Great Britain had namely, that whenever “ the people captured from France, from Spain, of England” make such a declaration and from Holland, when he came to as he makes, that then“ the West In- make peace with this country. He dians,” or any other class of British did not even require one of those subjects, are justified in transferring which are technically known as Britheir allegiance to America, or to any tish Colonies; but if any portion of other state which may offer to re these so much despised possessions ceive it to welcome any flag but had been offered to him, it is obvious the flag of their country. What ho- that the war from 1803 downwards, nour and advantage England would might have been avoided; and this acquire by such an event, may puzzle being the case, it is also obvious, wiser heads than any of those who that either Bonaparte, or the writer write anti-colonial rhapsodies in the in the Westminster Review, must be Westminster Review, or any other an- set down as an arrant blockhead. ti-colonial publication, to determine. In order to shew from figures, and The Americans, or some other na- from facts, whether Bonaparte, or tion, would willingly receive their the bravo who apes him in the Westallegiance, and afford them protection, minster Review, was the wisest statesFor the information of this anti-co- man and the ablest politician, an ablonial “ tiger,” it is also necessary to stract of the whole Colonial trade of state, that the world lately had in it Great Britain, for a very long period, an individual, named Napoleon Bo- drawn up from the particular and the naparte, and that the said Napoleon official returns, as these were copied Bonaparte was Emperor of France, from the Journals of the House of about the time, it is presumed, when Commons, is here placed before your this hero of the Westminster Review Grace and the public. Look at it, my set out to worship Juggernaut, and Lord Duke, and let the country look to bayonet Hindoos. When the for- at it, as politicians and as merchants, mer first set out in his character of and then say if such advantages are Emperor, in order to rivet his gall- to be thrown away or endangered ; or ing chains upon the nations of Eu- if the immense interests which are rope, he told General Mack, who connected with these possessions, surrendered to him with 33,000 ought to be left exposed to the rude Austrians, at Ulm, on the memorable attacks of prejudice, of error, and of 21st of October 1805, that he “want- ignorance; or committed to these ed nothing on the Continent, he want- anti-British hands, who want to a-ed only ships, COLONIES, and com sume the arbitrary control or dist: MERCE:” there very colonies which sal of them.