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217,463 Casks of Sugar.
The anti-colonial battery which 5,636 do Molasses.
with Hayti, Mr Macauley and his ad380 do. Gums.
herents attempted to raise against the 248 Boxes Aloes.
British West Indies, is thus easily 27,312 Barrels Syrup. .
and effectually demolished. 1,514 Seroons Cochineal.
Nothing, my Lord Duke, can be 6,814 Tons Logwood,
more unfair and uncandid than the 1,865 do. Mahogany:
manner in which the West Indian 4,167 lbs. Tortoise shell.
colonists are treated in this country. 1,346 Boxes sweetmeats.
Every isolated act of severity, cruel1,478 Seroons Jesuits Bark.
ty, and immorality is hunted out, fre84,617,328 lbs. (French) Coffee.
quently, too, without any regard to 11,317,226 Cotton.
truth, and the collection set forth as 3,257,610 Indigo 1,596,617 Cocoa.
the general state, features, and con
duct of the West Indian community. 4,618 Bags Pepper. 2,426 do. Ginger.
Were the same system to be resort6,918 Tanned hides.
ed to by any foreigner or foe of Great 114,639 Hides in hair.
Britain, what a hideous picture of 2,617,650 Spanish dollars.
real distress, misery, immorality and 57,213 oz. Gold in grains, &c.
irreligion, amongst the population of
this kingdom, would the columns of Such, my Lord Duke, was the pro- her numerous periodical publications duce of St Domingo, and of the in one month supply and present to French part of it only, be it observed, the rest of the world! Thus, my in 1789 and 1791, and such the pro- Lord Duke, at a public meeting held duce of the WHOLE OF it in 1826, as at Huddersfield on the 11th Decemstated by Mr MacKenzie; the value ber last, it was shewn, that, in that in 1791 being upwards of L.7,000,000 place, upwards of 13,000 persons sterling, the value in 1826 not much
were eking out life upon the miseexceeding (exclusive of export du- rable pittance of two pence halfpenny ties) one million ! In the former pe per day; that many were dying of riods also, the produce of every kind hunger; that many declared they stood the first in the market in point were weary of life, that they had of quality, and at the latter period it neither money nor fire, food, nor stands the last and the worst ! The raiment; that on Saturday night, the taxes, before the Revolution, in the half-famished and toil-worn wife was French part, amongst a population compelled to sit up and wash the much more numerous than at pre- husband's and children's shirts, where bent, were 580,000 dollars, now they they had any, in order to enable them amount to (p. 81) 3,551,115 dollars.
to appear at church next day!! At In 1789, the trade of St Domingo em a meeting held in London on the ployed 1700 ships, 287,802 tons, and 15th of the same month, by gentlein 1822, only 947 vessels, 102,693 tons men interested in the county of Kent, of every description, from all na Lord Teynham declared that the tions, and two thirds of which were agricultural population were in some from the United States. The popu- places confined “in pounds like so lation of the Spanish part of St Do- many head of cattle," and in other mingo was, by the census of 1785, places put into “gravel pits,” and 158,646 ; and the population of the there watched to prevent their esFrench part of St Domingo was, in cape; that the “ spirit of the British 1789, viz. 40,000 whites, 23,000 peo- agricultural peasantry " was now ple of colour, and 501,000 slaves, the humbled in the dust; that the la. latter class being increased about bouring classes in this country were 30,000 in 1791, brings the population now reduced to such a dreadful state of St Domingo, at the fatal Revolu- of misery, that he was convinced it tion of 1791, to 754,000. According was only owing to the want of means to Mr MacKenzie, the population of of combination that we
ere spathe whole island was, in 1826, only red the horrors of a CIVIL WAR;" (p. 22) 423,042, less by one half than and further, as an instance of the the government gives it out to be, and decay of morality and pride amongst not greatly exceeding half the num them, he declared, that, in twenty-six ber at the Revolution !
parishes in Kent, there was not more
than one femalè in fifteen who was ing; thousands and tens of thousands of married, until "they were ready to servants, in consequence, instead of resting tumble to pieces ? !” In the Morning on the Sabbath, according to the comHerald of October 17th last, I find it mandment, employed more actively and stated, that, in the parish of St Nicho- unintermittingly on that day than on any las, Worcestershire, containing 500 other, without the slightest occasion." souls, there is neither church nor clergyman,—" the people in conse ferences; and while such scenes ought
I might fill volumes with such requence, are wandering in the most
to make us look more at home and deplorable ignorance, both in respect less abroad than we do, I observe to moral and religious truth;” so that I should calumniate my country much so, that “ many of the inhabit
were I to state these descriptions as ants, from never having received a Christian name in baptism, derive
her general state and her general their pronomen from an accidental should a system, which every Briton
character. Why, my Lord Duke, form of person, as Dumpy Wallis, or are named after some of the nobility dignation if applied by any foreigner
would reprobate with the deepest inor royal family, as, Lord Harvey, to his country, be applied by EnglishDuke of York,” &c. And of the manner in which the Sabbath, about the low subjects in the West Indies? The
men with applause against their feldisrespect for which so much has been written, and such condemna- and dangerous. It is shameful—it is
course pursued is wrong, disgraceful, tion has been launched against the sinful, and must be abandoned. West Indies, is observed in the British metropolis, I adduce the
follow; worthy of the character of men, every
Every thing, however, that is uning quotation from “ The Record" thing that is false, calumnious, dangernewspaper, 26th October, 1829, thus:
ous, ungenerous, and base, is, it would Many of our readers would observe,
appear, allowable when directed that at the late alarming fire at Man. against our ill-fated colonies. It has chester, which destroyed property to the already been seen in the case of the value of £25,000 to £30,000, and which
Westminster Review, that men may occurred on a Monday morning, it was
inculcate treason, and teach, that in stated that all the workmen had been at
the colonies, murder and massacre work in the extensive premises during the
are praiseworthy deeds, while the whole of the preceding day-Sunday.
government either dare not They would likewise observe it stated in or do not punish such desperate proall the public prints, that so solicitous fligacy. Nor is this case the only one were the functionaries not to disappoint where the British government have the public with regard to the exact day on been libelled, insulted, braved, and which the new post-office was expected to defied by the Anti-colonists without a open, that all the workmen were labour. Whisper being uttered against them, ing during the whole of the Sabbath, and The persecutions which these men this too in a Government building. And have raised against that honest serlooking at the general profanation in Lon vant of his country, Sir ROBERT Fardon of the day of rest, what do we be QUHAR, lately governor of Mauritius, hold ? All the gin shops open; and, as one are well known, and, while unpunishis going to church, such herds of drunken ed, stand a stigma upon our Governdebauchees issuing from the pestiferous ment and our Legislature. The foldens, as to fill the mind with the deepest lowing atrocious charges not only feelings of mingled pity, disgust, and in
went to murder his character, but, if dignation. Butchers and bakers, cheesemongers and pastry-cooks, and even shoe they had been true, the character
also makers and hatters, are to be seen all busy
of the government which employed
him. They are stated among others -buying and selling, trafficking and cheuting, on the Sabbath. We lately saw a set
in that lying publication called the of fellows very quietly trying on new shoes
Anti-Slavery Reporter for January or in a regular shoemaker's op, while the February last, and are to the followbells for church were ringing all around. ing effect. A Frenchman in the Mauris In more retired places are to be seen
tius,who, after exercising great cruelwatchmakers and other mechanics quietly ty upon his slave, set pigs to eat his pursuing their usual avocations. And to privy parts, in consequence of which ascend to the higher classes, what unne he died, was tried for the offence, and cessary travelling; what luxurious feast- condemned to be executed. On the
night, however, previous to his exe my Lord Duke, for such a course of cution, he effected his escape, (con proceeding is not difficult to find out nived at, as insinuated,) and after an by those who know the political inabsence of several months, returned fluence of the authors of the Antito the island during the government Slavery Reporter. But the inhabiof Sir Robert Farquhar, where he re tants of the Mauritius--the authori. mains, and was suffered to remain un ties in that country, there is some molested! Another charge was, that reason to believe, will not remain during his government, a Frenchwo- under the stigma, nor be guided by man had, by some act of cruelty, oc such timid counsels. casioned the death of a female slave, While such accusations escape with and for which she was tried; but, as impunity, honour, truth, and justice was customary, acquitted, notwith- must be altogether banished from the standing the certainty of her guilt. government of our colonies, and cantSuch were the charges inade. The Re- ing governors, or Jesuitical judges, porters containing them were sent to who can obtain and retain their places Sir Robert Farquhar by the Colonial by Anti-slavery influence, may rob, Office. The result I proceed to state. oppress, and calumniate the ill-fated
Sir Robert Farquhar went imme- Britisha subjects who are subjected to diately to the Colonial Office. He their sway and their judgment, not made them draw out from their only with impunity but with applause Stephensonian pigeon-holes his own -the Anti-Slavery Reporters have dispatches relating to these subjects, only to condemn or to praise, as they and which, as concerned the first case, choose, and the government of Eng shewed that the man, on the night land must, it would appear, judging previous to the day when he was to from the past, succumb to their aube executed, tore up a pair of nan thority. Awake, my Lord Duke, froin keen pantaloons, and made a rope your slumber-cast a glance from therewith, with which he strangled your keen-sighted eye across the himself. The dispatch was also ac ocean, into every British colony, and companied by the full report of the you will relieve the honest from the coroner,and the evidencegiven before grasp of the hypocrite, and the clutchthe Coroner's Jury, called to sit upon es of the knave; and by doing so you the body immediately after the sui- will preserve to your country those cide!! As concerns the next charge, possessions which Napoleon fought the dispatch shewed that the woman to conquer, and which you successin question had been tried, and esca fully combated through triumphs unped death owing to the want of the rivalled to preserve. Without such evidence of a free person against her; immediate interference, the whole but that she had been sentenced to will be overwhelmed with ruin. be imprisoned for life; and was ac The fierce, the unjust, and the untually undergoing her sentence, which generous attack which Mr Brougham, was all the punishment that the law, by command of his Anti-colonial the Code de Napoleon, the law of the prompters, made upon the Lord colony, permitted to be inflicted upon Bishop of Jamaica, is not forgotten in her!
the British House of Commons. The My Lord Duke, if such false charges British nation required that the Briare not libels against our country and tish ministers should have defended, against the government of our coun as they ought to have defended, the try, the word libel must be without one, and to have silenced the other. a meaning. The government which It was left to other hands. The Bishop could pass by such charges made complained of the attack to the Maragainst Sir Robert Farquhar, had quis of Cleveland. Mr Brougham these charges been true, deserves to was called- Mr Brougham was adhave been impeached; and this be- monished—Mr Brougham promised, ing the case, that government ought and Mr Brougham has been silent! to have punished the authors of such In following out my subject, it here atrocious charges against the accre becomes necessary to state, and in dited servant of a British king. They the most pointed manner, that the not only decline to do so themselves, circumstances which I am about to but they dissuade Sir Robert Far- bring forward, have come to my quhar from doing it. The reason, knowledge from no violation of any
official confidence, and by no com preme Court in the same person. As munication with, or from, any indivi- vacancies occurred, or as places were : dual or individuals, who are, or who created, how properly I stop not to ever were, connected with his Majes- enquire, the brother of Mi James ty's government. I state this, lest Stephen, who is the brother-in-law of innocent men should be, as there is Mr Wilberforce, was, of course, alsome reason to believe they have ways found to be the best qualified been in other instances, blamed. to fill these, his salary advancing acMoreover, as it is necessary to guard cordingly, commencing with L.800, against any misconstruction of my then L.800, as a judge of the Court object, so it is also proper to state of Requests; then L.1000, then L.1500 that it is against no individual mem as second judge of the Supreme ber of his Majesty's government that Court, and now L.2000 for the same censure is applied. Where any of office. With these facts before us, these are named, they are only allu-' my Lord Duke, it may be asked, has ded to in their official capacity, and either your Grace or Sir George as the organs of the government, Murray seen and perused the letters and of that system which the nation, · from Governor Darling, and the refor I am told it is the nation, has monstrances from other quarters, thought properto organize against her which, during the last two years, have colonial possessions. For the private been addressed to the Colonial Decharacter of the responsible members: partment regarding the judge in quesof his Majesty's government, more es
tion? If so, how will that department pecially of those at present more im answer to the country if any indemediately connected with the colo- pendent member of parliament call nies, I have every respect. They for these documents, as I hope they merely perform the duty which the na will be called for, and find that no tion requires of them, and the blame, notice has been taken of them, nor where blame rests, is directed against any enquiry made in consequence ? the nation, and the organs of the na- : With regard to the appointment of tion, not against the individuals. Colonel Arthur to his present govern
With these observations I proceed: ment, Van Diemen's Land, his conto state, that the pernicious anti-colo- duct to that gallant officer, Colonel nial influence extends everywhere, Bradley, and his conduct and doubleand to everything in the empire. It dealing to the inhabitants of Hondunever rests till it obtains the ascend- ras, are well known; and notwithency. - The power and influence of standing the petulance of Lord Palthe party with the executive govern- merston, and the errors committed ment of the country have hitherto by the member for Aberdeen in conbeen as incredible as these have been ducting the case, the facts cannot be reprehensible. Take, for example, altered in the minds of those who are the choice and the promotion of Mr acquainted with the parties and with John Stephen and Colonel Arthur to · Honduras. Colonel Arthur merited the offices which they at present hold. no promotion. When his appointThe former individual, brother to Mr ment to Van Diemen's Land became James Stephen, the Master in Chan- known, a gentleman expressed his cery, was formerly an inhabitant of astonishment thereat to Mr Horton, the British Slave Colony of St Kitts, then Under Secretary of State. What and previous to the commencement can we do ?-Mr Wilberforce has of the emancipation cry, was the made it a sine qua non—it must be owner of slaves and an estate in Tri we cannot help ourselves, was the renidad, which he sold to a merchant ply which silenced further remark or in Glasgow. In 1825, a Supreme observation. After this, is it surpriCourt was established in New South sing that our Colonies should have Wales, consisting of one judge; an calumniators, and that these calumattorney-general was appointed ; and niators can, supported by POWER, soon after a solicitor-general in the even BEARD the Government itself ? person of Mr John Stephen. In a few Ever on the watch to serve its sermonths after, a judge for a Court of vants, this influence planted as judge Requests was commissioned in the in Van Diemen's Land Mr Wyld, bro- : person of Mr J. Stephen, and within ther to Sergeant Wyld of Caroline two years, a second judge of the Su- and Newark celebrity. His salary
was L.1200 per annum. At the re- has to pay, are; as I am informed, mamonstrances of the people, by the king up at this moment at the Bric report of a Commissioner of Enquiry, tish Treasury, aided by one of their and from what, as Mr Horton ex Jamaica friends; and these damages pressed himself, the Government it- are estimated at £14,000 sterling, the self saw in his communications, he amount, according to a paragraph inwas brought from Van Diemen's serted in the Morning Chroniele and Land, Employment in Great Britain Observer newspapers of last Novemis not easily obtained. A new system ber 13 and 14 ; being estimated by the. of judicature was recommended for profits which Lecesue states he made the Cape of Good Hope. The same by his trade, as a maker of noyeau in influence, through Mr Brougham, got Kingston, namely, £2200 sterling per Mr Wyld the situation of judge, with annum! From such damages, Mr a salary of L.3000 per annum; and George Stephen, their law agent, will, the same Commissioner, who had re no doubt, get his bill paid; but, my commended his recall from an infe- Lord Duke, I would hunbly suggest, rior place, had the pleasure, while that before such sums as these are engaged in a similar Commission at taken for such a purpose from the the Cape, to meet his former ac. heavy imposts collected from this quaintance in a much higher and more suffering nation--taken to compendifficult station at the latter place! sate men whom a British nobleman,
The case of Lecesne and Escoffery the representative of a British king, in all its parts, is another and still considered it necessary, for the safety more striking instance of anti-colo- of the colony placed under his com nial influence in high places in this mand, to deport from that colony, country. In this case, Government that the representatives of the British Jiave not only suffered themselves to people, who raise the funds, and which be intimidated, but to be misled. representatives are the proper judges. These two men were men of colour, and checks in the application of the who had been deported under the public money, should see the evi-. alien law by his Grace the Duke of dence upon which these men's claims Manchester when Governor of Ja, are grounded-see all the correspondmaica, from that island to Hayti, be- ence in the originals thereof which cause they had been “reported” to has been lodged in the Colonial Office him " by the magistrates and police regarding these men and their conof Kingston as persons of a danger- duct, before your Grace, as First ous description.' -(Letter to Earl Lord of the Treasury, issues any cash Bathurst, i2th January, 1824.). In from that treasury to give to them; the face, however, of this, in the face and, in a special manner, see that of the report made on their case by correspondence written from Hayti the Legislature of Jamaica, and in face by Mr MacKenzie, the British Conof the evidence brought forward and sul there, to the government of Jatransmitted to Great Britain to con- maica, concerning them; and when firm the necessity of the measure these things are done-when these in the teeth of the affidavits produced are looked into, it will then be seen by themselves in defence that they what member, or what Minister, will were born in Jamaica, the British call for a vote for that sum, or of any Government, from other evidence sum of British money for such a purjudged by them to be more entitled pose. These matters, my Lord Duke, to credit, have decided that they were whatever you may hear to the conborn in Hayti, but still entitled to trary, are worthy of your personal damages for being deported from enquiry and attention. Justice can Jamaica as aliens, because though neither be done to the country, nor born in Hayti, they were born when to Lecesne, nor to Escoffery, without some parts of that island were in it. If they have been wronged, let possession of the British. It is hardly their compensations be ample; but necessary to observe, that their de- let those who pay the money be the portation from Jamaica took place on judges, in order to ascertain if it is the eve of the late rebellion in that justly obtained, and rightly applied ; island.
and, if they have not been wronged, The damages which they claim, why should they receive our money? and which that great dupe, John Bull, To extend anti-colonial influence,