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Under these circumstances, it is not surprising that so many persons appealed to Rome, and that those whose expectations had been once deceived should apply a second time under fictitious names. The court of Rome had no inclination to complain of this proceeding, because the issuing of briefs produced immense sums for her coffers. We have already noticed the result of these appeals, and with what bad faith they were declared void after the enormous expence which the appellants had undergone.'
After the expulsion of the Jews, under the inquisitorship of the fanatic Torquemada, processes were first begun to be instituted against the bishops, principalities were transferred, and even kings were excommunicated or dethroned.
The Inquisition now, likewise, extended its hatred to literature and the arts; and Torquemada seemed to experience equal delight in burning men and burning books. In 1490, he caused several Hebrew Bibles to be burnt, and soon afterward six thousand volumes of works were consumed in one Auto-da-fé, which took place at Salamanca, in the square of St. Stephen, under pretence that they were infected with the 'errors of Judaism, and filled with sorceries, magic, and other superstitious rites and practices. What inestimable works perished on this occasion, on the ground of being dangerous, whose only fault was that they were not understood !'
Calculating the amount of victims of this bloodiest of all the inquisitors, among other authorities, Signor LLORENTE quotes Mariana.
• Juan de Mariana asserts, on the authority of antient manu. scripts, that, during the first year of the Inquisition, two thousand persons were burned at Seville, and seventeen thousand underwent à public penitence. I might add, without incurring the charge of exaggeration, that the other tribunals condemned as many in the first year of their establishment, supposing the proportion to be only a tenth part of the other, because the denunciations were much more frequent at Seville than elsewhere.'
Under the auspices of Cardinal Adrian, in the eighteenth century, the horrors of the Inquisition seem to have augmented, and the author again observes;
"On the most moderate computation, it appears that, during the five years of the government of Adrian, twenty-four thousand and five persons were condemned and punished by the Inquisition ; viz. 1600 individuals burnt alive, 560 burnt in effigy, and 21,845 who underwent different punishments : which gives on an average for each year, 324 individuals of the first class, 112 of the second, and 4369 of the third.'
The comprehensive manner in which Don Juan treats bis subject, giving a general history of the Inquisition from its
rise to its downfall, is too often interrupted by a long and
[To be continued.]
Art. XIII. Les Jeunes Femmes, &c. ; i. e. Young Women. By
reprinted in London for J. Warren.
DE Bouilly is advantageously known to the public as
• the author of several pleasing books for children. The
To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this Volume,
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
Bank-Notes, amount of, and
Persia, his views and plans Barillon, M., obs. on his con-
duct while envoy at the Eng.
lish court, 234, 239;
of, and of his emb.issy to
Italy during his pontificate, Battles, remarks on the conduct
character of, 328. See Emi- 219.
Bedooin-Arabs, account of, 279.
between Fairleigh and the Beggars, in the Morea, account
North Foreland, 369.
writer on arithmeticand astro-
nomy, account of, 25.
Birds, on the use of their pedes
Bishops, hardly treated by
life of, 361. On the old co- Blue Mountains, in New South
Wales, account of, 429.
force and operations of, in to Sir Edw. Nicholas, 276.
Bombay, on the population and
Bonaparte, his campaigns in
Italy in 1796 and 1797, 455.
Boswell's Life of Johnson, great
merits of, 247.
Brewster, Dr., on the absorption
zodiac, 389. His notions Briggs, Capt., his account of the
of the ecliptic, 370.
Brochant, M., on transition. Christianity, obs. on its political
of animals, 519
anecdotes of, 270.
Colbert, M., his negociation with
Charles II., 128.
restoration by the British, 159. plants, 259.
obs. on, 363.
the progress of literature, 70.
larities of, 184. Bad quality
navy, 189. Remarks on Ka-
Conchifera, remarks on, 519.
of, in 945, his treaty with
Constantinus Manasses, brief ac-
particular formation of, 528.
His letter to his Crustacea, those animals sepa-
IV. of Spain, his charac. action on light, 178.
cerning annelides, 517. His
the Institute, 521. 529.
anecdote illustrative of his
Darcet, M., on the hardness of Evelyn, Mr., particulars of bis
life and writings, 114-131.
principles of, overturned, 92. king's Touch, in the reign of
Charles II., 121.
Euphues and his England, obs.
408. Resemblance to it in
bated, as applied to man, 494. 24. In Egypt, description of,
Fiction, literary, its effect on
the mind, 1.
Fire, in London, in 1666, de-
Flinders, Capt., remarks on his
Fortification, See Carnot.
and Queen of Bohemia, her lishmen to that country, 165.
and operations of, in 1792,
to Canada, the Cape of Good how different in nature and
On manna, 23.
Gard, department of, disputes
On the temple of the Catholics of, 483.
Germany, obs. on its present
Gipsey and Hindustanee lan-
Nn 2 Gold,