Genetic Linguistics: Essays on Theory and Method
OUP Oxford, 17.03.2005 - 422 Seiten
This book collects Joseph Greenberg's most important writings on the genetic classification of the world's languages.
Fifty years ago Joseph Greenberg put forward the now widely accepted classification of African languages. This book charts the progress of his subsequent work on language classification in Oceania, the Americas, and Eurasia,in which he proposed the language families Indo-Pacific, Amerind and Eurasiatic. It shows how he established and deployed three fundamental principles: that the most reliable evidence for genetic classification is the pairing of sound and meaning; that nonlinguistic evidence, such as skin colour or cultural traits, should be excluded from the analysis; and that the vocabulary and inflections of a very large number of languages should be simultaneously compared.The volume includes Joseph Greenberg's substantive contributions to the debate his work provoked and concludes with his writings on the links between genetic linguistics and human history.
William Croft's introduction focuses on the substance and the development of Professor Greenberg's thought and research within the context of the discussion they stimulated. He also includes a bibliography of scholarly reactions to and developments of Joseph Greenberg's work and a comprehensive bibliography of his publications in books and journals.
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Part II Classification sound correspondences and reconstruction
Part III IndoPacific Amerind Eurasiatic
Part IV Genetic linguistics and human history
Bibliography of Works Related to Joseph H Greenbergs Theory and Methods for Genetic Linguistics
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Abui Afroasiatic Altaic American Linguistics Amerind Anthropology Awju Bantu basic Bilua Bird’s Head borrowing branches Bunak Campbell Capell cited cognates common comparative linguistics comparative method Cowan Cushitic dialect dictionary discussion earlier English etymologies Eurasiatic evidence example fact form–meaning forms genetic classification genetic linguistics genetic relationship German glottochronology grammatical group of languages Guinea Trans-New Guinea historical linguistics Hokan hypothesis Indo Indo-European languages Indo-Pacific instances Joseph H Kiwai language families lexical linguistic classification Ma’a Mairasi Makasai Marind meaning Meinhof morphemes multilateral comparison Na-Dene NENG Neogrammarians Nostratic noted noun number of languages Oirata original Penutian person pronoun phonetic prefix problem pronominal protolanguage reconstruction regarding related languages resemblances Sapir semantic Semitic Sentani similar sound changes sound correspondences sound laws Studies subgroup suffix SWNG Telefol third person Tirio Trans-New Guinea Trans-New Guinea Trans-New typological Uralic valid verb vocabulary vowel word þ þ