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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

Alcott, Louisa May.

(Author of Street Scenes in Washington, pt. ii., p. 116; Selections from Transcendental Wild Oats, pt. ii., p. 119.)

Born in Germantown, Pennsylvania, November 29, 1832 ; died in Boston, March 6, 1888.

Her father, A. Bronson Alcott, and Henry Thoreau were her instructors. In 1862, she was for several months a volunteer nurse in the army hospital at Washington. A frequent contributor to magazines and journals.

Little Women, Little Men, and An Old-Fashioned Girl are the most famous of her stories.

Alden, William L.

(Author of Gibberish, pt. iii., p. 112 ; An Unnecessary Invention, pt. iii., p. 117.)

Born in Williamstown, Massachusetts, October 9, 1837.

Mr. Alden was educated at Lafayette and Jefferson Colleges, graduating in 1858. He founded the New York Canoe Club. He was appointed United States Consul-General to Rome in 1885.

Among his best known works are The Adventures of

Fimmy Brown and A New Robinson Crusoe. Aldrich, Thomas Bailey.

(Author of A Rivermouth Romance, pt. ii., p. 280.)

Born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, November 11, 1836.

A frequent contributor of both verse and prose to Putnam's Magazine, The Knickerbocker Magazine, and to various other periodicals. Assistant editor of the Home Journal, 1856–1859. Editor of Every Saturday from its first publication until 1874, and of the Atlantic Monthly, from 1881-1890.

The Story of a Bad Boy and Marjorie Daw are among the best known of his prose works.

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Baldwin, Joseph G.

(Author of Ovid Bolus, Esq., pt. i., p. 118.) Born in Sumter, Alabama, in 1815 ; died in San Francisco, September 30, 1864.

Judge of the Supreme Court of California, 1863-1864.

Party Leaders, and a volume of humorous legal sketches are among his published works.

Beecher, Henry Ward.

(Author of Deacon Marble, pt. i., p. 106;
The Deacon's Trout, pt. i., p. 109; The Dog
Noble, and the Empty Hole, pt. i., P. III ; Apple-
Pie, pt. i., p. 113.)

Born in Litchfield, Connecticut, June 24, 1813; died
in Brooklyn, New York, March 8, 1887.

Graduate of Amherst College in 1834 ; studied theology at Lane Seminary and became pastor of Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, in 1847. He was a popular preacher and lecturer and an ardent abolitionist. Delivered an ora. tion at Fort Sumter in 1865, by request of the Government. Founded the New York Independent and was its editor, 1861–1863.

Among a long list of published works may be men

tioned Star Papers, Life Thoughts, and Norwood. Browne, Charles Farrar (“Artemus Ward”).

(Author of The Tower of London, pt. ii., p. 153 ; Science and Natural History, pt. ii., p. 160 ; From the Lecture," pt. ii., p. 164.)

Born in Waterford, Maine, April 26, 1834; died in Southampton, England, March 6, 1867.

He was a journeyman printer in his youth, became an editor in New York in 1860, and in the same year began his public lecturing and reading.

Many of his papers are published in book form en. titled Artemus Ward : His Book.

Bunce, Oliver Bell.

(Author of Mr. Bluff Discourses on the Country and Kindred Themes, pt. ii., p. 85.)

Born in New York, February 8, 1828 ; died May 15, 1890. Bookseller and publisher.

Editor of Appleton's Journal and of Picturesque America.

Bachelor Bluff, a collection of social essays, and Don't ; A Manual of Mistakes and Improprieties Prevalent in Conduct and Speech, are among his best known works.

Bunner, Henry C.

(Author of Candor, pt. iii., p. 292.)

Born in Oswego, New York, August 3, 1855 ; died in
Nutley, New Jersey, May 11, 1896.

Became a journalist in 1873. When Puck was first
issued Mr. Bunner was made assistant editor and after-
wards became editor-in-chief, which position he filled
until his death. Contributor of prose and verse to vari-
ous periodicals.

Short Sixes, and Zadoc Pine are among the best known

of his writings. Burdette, Robert J.

(Author of Rheumatism Movement Cure, pt.
iii., p. 173.)

Born in Greensborough, Pennsylvania, July 30, 1844.
Was educated in the public schools of Illinois.

Served in the Union Army, 1862–1865. Began his
career as journalist in 1869, and was made assistant
editor of Burlington (Iowa) Hawkeye about 1873.
Became a public lecturer in 1876.

The Rise and Fall of the Mustache, and Other Hawk

eyetems, and Hawkeyes are among his published works. Butler, William Allen.

(Author of Dobbs His Ferry, pt. ii., p. 24.)
Born in Albany, New York, in 1825.

Graduate of the New York University in 1843.
Studied law and was duly admitted to the Bar. Con-
tributor of prose and poetry to the Democratic Review,
the Literary World, and other periodicals.

Nothing to Wear : An Episode in City Life, is his best known work.

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Cable, George Washington.

(Author of Dixie, pt, ïïi., p. 144.)
Born in New Orleans, Louisiana, October 12, 1844.

Served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War.
Became editor of the New Orleans Picayune in 1869.
In 1879, devoted himself entirely to literature, and in
1885, he travelled through the North with “Mark
Twain,” giving public readings.

Old Creole Days and The Grandissimes are the

most noted of his published works. Clemens, Samuel Langhorne (“ Mark

Twain").

(Author of The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, pt. ii., p. 214.)

Born in Florida, Missouri, November 30, 1835.

Received a public-school education, learned the trade of printer, but in 1851 was a pilot on a Mississippi steamboat. In 1861, he became editor of a newspaper. in Nevada, and soon after began his public lecturing. In 1865, was reporter on a San Francisco newspaper. The origin of his pseudonym “ Mark Twain,” is said to be a recollection of his experience as a Mississippi pilot. In taking soundings “ mark twain” is the term used for “ mark two fathoms."

The Innocents Abroad, Adventures of Tom Sawyer, and The Prince and the Pauper, are among the most

widely known of his numerous works. Cone, Helen Gray.

(Author of The Tender Heart, pt. iii., p. 308.)

Born in New York in 1859.

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