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Sufferings of the Army at Morristown.-Rigorous Winter.-Derange-
ment of the Currency.-Confusion in the Commissariat.-Im-
pressment of Supplies.--Patriotic Conduct of the People of New
Jersey.—The Bay of New York Frozen over.-Lord Stirling's
Expedition against Staten Island. -Knyphausen's Incursion into
the Jerseys.-Caldwell's Church at Elizabethtown burrit, Chạr-
acter of its Pastor.–Foray into Westchester County.—Burning
of Young's House in the Valley of the Neperan................ 21
Arnold in Command of Philadelphia.-Unpopular Measures. Ar
nold's Style of Living. - His Schemes and Speculations.--His
Collisions with the Executive Council.-His Land Project.
Charges sent against him to Congress.- His Address to the Pub-
lic.—Charges referred to a Court-martial.-His Marriage.-Ver-
dict of the Court-martial.-Arnold reprimanded.-Obtains Leave
of Absence from the Army.... v
South Carolina threatened.—Its Condition and Population.-Stormy
Voyage of Sir Henry Clinton.-Loss of Horses. -Character of
Lieutenant-colonel Tarleton. – Fleet arrives at Tybee. — Sir
Henry Clinton advances upon Charleston.—Lincoln prepares for
Defense. — Commodore Whipple.— Governor Rutledge. — Fore-
bodings of Washington.-Embarkation of British troops at New
York.- Washington sends De Kalb with Reinforcements. His
Hopeful Letter to Steuben...
Evils of the Continental Currency.—Military Reforms proposed by
Washington.—Congress Jealous of Military Power.-Committee
of Three sent to confer with Washington.- Losses by Deprecia-
tion of the Currency to be made good to the Troops.—Arrival of
Lafayette.-Scheme for a Combined Attack upon New York.-
Arnold has Debts and Difficulties.-His Proposals to the French
Minister.–Anxious to return to the Army.-Mutiny of the Con-
necticut Troops.—Washington writes to Reed for Aid from
Pennsylvania.--Good Effects of his Letter..........
VL UD Lever.....................
Siege of Charleston continued.—British Ships enter the Harbor.--
British Troops march from Savannah.— Tarleton and his Dra-
goons.—His Brush with Colonel Washington.—Charleston rein-
forced by Woodford.—Tarleton's Exploits at Monk's Corner. –
At Laneau's Ferry.--Sir Henry Clinton reinforced.—Charleston
capitulates.—Affair of Tarleton and Buford on the Waxhaw.-
Sir Henry Clinton embarks for New York.................... 71
Knyphausen marauds the Jerseys.—Sacking of Connecticut Farms.
-Murder of Mrs. Caldwell.- Arrival and Movements of Sir.
Henry Clinton.-Springfield burnt. — The Jerseys evacuated.... 86
Washington applies to the State Legislatures for Aid.-Subscriptions
of the Ladies of Philadelphia.— Gates appointed to command the
Southern Department. French Fleet arrives at Newport.—Prep-
aration for a Combined Movement against New York.—Arnold
obtains Command at West Point.-Greene resigns the Office of
North Carolina.-Difficulties of its Invasion.-Character of the Peo-
ple and Country. - Sumter, his Character and Story.—Rocky
Mount.—Hanging Rock.–Slow Advance of De Kalb.—Gates
takes Command.—Desolate March.- Battle of Camden.-Flight
of Gates.-Sumter surprised by Tarleton at the Waxhaws.-
Washington's Opinion of Militia.- His Letter to Gates......... 113
Treason of Arnold.-His Correspondence with the Enemy.-His Ne.
gotiations with André.—Parting Scene with Washington.—Mid-
night Conference on the Banks of the Hudson.— Return of André
by Land.-Circumstances of his Capture........ ......... 133
Interview of Washington with the French Officers at Hartford.
Plan of Attack disconcerted.- Washington's Return.—Scenes at
Arnold's Head-quarters in the Highlands.—Tidings of André's
Capture.—Flight of Arnold.—Letters from the Traitor.-Wash-
ington's Precautions.—Situation of Mrs. Arnold............... 159
; CHAPTER XI.
André's Conduct as a Prisoner. His Conversations with Colonel
Tallmadge. Story of Nathan Hale.-André's Prison at Tappan.
-Correspondence on his Behalf.—His Trial.—Execution.-Re-
ward of the Captors.-Reward of Arnold.—His Proclamation.-
After Fortunes of Mrs. Arnold.........
Greene takes Command at West Point. Insidious Attempts to shake
the Confidence of Washington in his Officers.—Plan to entrap
Arnold.—Character of Sergeant Champe.-Court of Inquiry into
the Conduct of Gates.—Greene appointed to the Southern De-
partment.-Washington's Instructions to him.-Incursions from
Canada.—Mohawk Valley ravaged.State of the Army.-Re-
forms adopted.—Enlistment for the War.-Half Pay.......... 200
The Marquis Lafayette and his Light-infantry.—Proposes a Brilliant
Stroke. Preparations for an Attack on the British Posts on
New York Island.–Visit of the Marquis of Chastellux to the
American Camp.-Washington at Head-quarters.—Attack on the
British Posts given up.--Stark forages Westchester County.-
Exploit of Tallmadge on Long Island......... .......... 210
Rigorous Measures of Cornwallis in South Carolina.-Ferguson sent
to Scour the Mountain Country between the Catawba and the
Yadkin.-Cornwallis in a Hornet's Nest.- Movements of Fergu-
son.-Mountain Men and Fierce Men from Kentucky.-Battle
of King's Mountain.-Retrograde March of Cornwallis. ........ 220
Marion. His Character. -Bye Names.-Haunts.—Tarleton in quest
of Him.-Sumter on the West Side of the Santee.- His Affair
with Tarleton at Black Stock Hill.—Gates at Hillsborough.-His
Domestic Misfortunes. — Arrival of Greene.-His Considerate
Conduct.-Gates retires to his Estate.-Condition of the Army.
-Stratagem of Colonel Washington at Clermont.—Morgan de-
tached to the District of Ninety-Six.—Greene posts himself on
the Pedee ........
Hostile Embarkations to the South.--Arnold in Command.—Neces-
sitous State of the Country.—Washington urges a Foreign Loan.
- Mission of Colonel Laurens to France to seek Aid in Men and
Money.—Grievances of the Pennsylvania Line.—Mutiny.—Nego-
tiations with the Mutineers. — Articles of Accommodation.-
Policy doubted by Washington.—Rigorous, Course adopted by
him with other Malcontents. - Successful. Ratification of the
Articles of Confederation of the States ......... ......... 247
Expedition of Arnold into Virginia. — Buccaneering Ravages. –
Checked by Steuben.–Arnold at Portsmouth.-Congress resolves