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a many months' possession of his mind It is not, however, to be supposed, but prior to the general election. If, in the that while that powerful writer, as well simplicity of my nature, I had indeed, as Lord Cochrane and myself, had free given him credit ; for a fruit-bearing communication with the baronet, his sincerity, of attachment to the doctrines Lordship, and myself, and perhaps of our political salvation, and should in others, heard from the complainant frethe end prove deceived, although it may quent observations to that effect. But show that I had not sufficiently profited in whatever degree I felt the force of his by that scripture, in which it is written, observations, I also felt a desire to be that seed sown on stony ground, for instrumental, if possible, towards the want of root soon withers away ; yet if baronet's acting as the enlightened and I be not wholly incorrigible in error, and virtuous expected from him, in the great if experience have not been quite thrown cause of parliamentary reform. away upon me; now, that I am brought, I therefore continued a perfectly by what has recently passed, to my re- friendly political intercourse with the collection, and called on to put other baronet, until a sense of what was due good confiding Christians on their guard, to personal honour compelled me, as may possibly be of some use.

hath been explained, to free him from a Allow me then 10 state, that in es- political connexion he seemed desirous of sentials towards reform, the late Duke dissolving. of Richmond went considerably further It will be recollected what extreme than Sir Francis Burdett has yet gone. anxiety was felt by the radical reformers That very able and very energetic noble- on the approach of the parliamentary man, who was a complete working man session of 1817, when deputies from an of business, not only tendered in Parlia- immense number of petitioning comment an actual BILL for universal munities assembled in London, in the freedom and annual elections, but he ardent hope of a grand effort being made likewise published that BILL to the in Parliament, by means of a bill, which world, as well as his famous letter to it is understood was to be brought in by Colonel Sharman; unanswerably proving Sir Francis Burdett. by close logical argument and demon- The unparalleled distress of the nation, stration, the truth of the principles on which distress was by that time univerwhich that BILL was founded ;- a mode sally seen to be a direct consequence of of proceeding and of pledging the party, the House of Commons not representing not hitherto adopted by the baronet. the people, but having been metamor

With the facts before our eyes, of phosed into an engine of their oppresthese proceedings of the Duke of Rich- sion; had given rise to numerous petimond, who, however, afterwards sat in tions, in which it appeared that the the same cabinet with that political effective power of the House of Comtiger, Mr. Pitt; would not experience mons was considered as concentrated in be useless, might I not, without un- an oligarchy, whose barefaced usurcharitable imputations, be permitted to pation and insufferable tyranny were warn the nation against believing the upheld by a corruption as notorious as impossibility of the baronet himself be- it was infamous. coming a changeling?

The suffering people, agonizing under Here, if circumstances have taught their miseries, looked, as they had a me, that it is my duty to speak, I must right to look, for such a bill, and their nevertheless claim to stand in that re- eyes, as well as the eyes of all sincere spect perfectly apart from a powerful reformers, were universally turned on writer who has dealt largely in accusa- Sir Francis Burdett. This was, of tion of the baronet, for his want of sin- course, the case of Mr. Cobbett, who, in cerity as a constitutional reformer. The the meeting of deputies, had moved a accusation of that writer must stand or resolution of high compliments and enfall, as supported, or contradicted, by tire confidence in Sir Francis Burdett, facts and evidence.

although at that time the baronet did not approve of universal freedom, which Independent of any other person's was the unanimous sentiment and prin- opinions, it, however, belongs to me to ciple of those deputies. The resolution show, that notwithstanding my willing was not at first altogether acceptable, co-operation with Sir Francis, subsebut it was so judiciously worded, and so quent to the time aforesaid, always in ably supported by Mr. Cobbett, that, the hope, and always striving, that such according to my recollection, it was co-operations should be serviceable to voted unanimously. When the baronet the cause of constitutional reform, on failed, on the opening day of the sessions, true legislative principles, according to distinctly to undertake the bringing in the improved knowledge of the age,

I a bill, Mr. Cobbett was greatly irritated; was neither blind, nor accessary, to the as may be seen from the hasty note baronet's omissions. In cabinet conhe wrote to me on the occasion, as sultation with him, or with any man, I follows:

never concurred in projecting modes of January 28, 1817.

reform, with which, in the forum, I could « MY DEAR SIR,

afterwards finds fault. “ Sir Francis has anticipated Lord Even after I was acquainted with the “ C., and had given a notice RELATIVE insult on my understanding, as well as TOparliamentary reform!' Lord on the common sense of all who knew “ C. has gone over* to see the precise how absorbed I was in an anxiety for " terms of the notice; but, at any rate, the reform, in the pretence that it was he is resolved not to be driven from “ thought I did not wish for a seat in the bill in the end. Thus, you see, Parliament;" such was my repugnance

no good, and as much harm as he can, to injure in any degree the cause of lior is at our service!

" W. C.” berty, by then exposing that declaration,

or publishing a written one of 2d of Whether the irritation of Mr. Cobbett June, that I withheld all public mention have, or have not, since hurried him of either; and likewise voted for the sometimes beyond the just line of cen- baronet's own election. Whether, in sure on a public character, I have no that, I did, or did not, according to my need to remark; but certain, however, intention, serve the cause of freedom, it is, that in his Registers which have now depends on him for whom that vote appeared subsequent to the 17th of No

was given. vember-the memorable nomination But now, when the double-dealing of day for filling the present vacancy for June has been proved by the doubleWestminster (written of course long dealing of November, longer silence before)—with uncommon force of lan- would not only be personal meanness guage, Mr. Cobbett has told the public and insensibilty, but a deficiency in why, in his judgment, which events have public fidelity. In June, it shown to have been a prophetic kind of THOUGHT," forsooth! that an judgment, it must be a prime object with anxious and indefatigable reformer the baronet, that I, of all men, should " did not wish" for an increase of means not be placed in Parliament.

of your teasing, baiting, goading on to action, * His Lordship then lodged ou the terrace, that emboldened the Whigs to come forward." in Palace-yard, opposite the door of West (a)-p. 359. minster Hall.

They well know, that if the baronet had of “I saw what the baronet had done « for not set his Rump to intrigue for Kinnaird, you the express purpose of keeping you out.” would have had no opposition."-p. 370. Dec. 5, p. 324.

There is not a man in the kingdom, who “ The baronet dreaded you, as an associate, does not clearly see, that you have been exabove all men living," &c. p. 325.-—" And he cluded by the wishes of the baronet.”-p. 368. resolved, that if he could avoid it, you should (a) These words do not convey a correct not be his companion."-p. 325.-"He bad, by idea of my conduct. Contenting myself with the intrigues of his Rump, caused you to be an inflexible adherence to self-evident and dekept out of Parliament.”—Dec. 12, p. 358. monstrated principles, I ever left them to ope

* It was this division, created solely by the rate as they might; but never harassed the baronet's dread of you, aud, indeed, his hatred baronet with personal importunities.

was are



for promoting his object, “ten times whose pretensions he himself tells you tenfold !”

paramount ?" In November, when that pretext could Surely, nothing but the circumstance no longer serve, another was as readily of his own seat being now safe, could coined: and a most extraordinary one it have inspired this aggravated insult, this

Sir Francis Burdett, as chairman repetition of an offence, before so deeply of a meeting for the purpose of a nomi- felt ! nation, formally declared, that " he How truly contemptible is crooked “ knew, indeed, of only one individual policy! The whole is of a piece. All “ whose pretensions to the support of littleness, darkness, and double-dealing! " the meeting were paramount to those Can aught that is great, noble, generous, “ of Mr. Hobhouse and that was his and truly devoted to the freedom of our “ venerable friend, Major Cartwright. unhappy country, spring from such a “ But he was thoroughly convinced source ? It may! For if we should “ that it would be iinpossible to IN- hold our peace the very stones would “ SURE the Major's election for West- immediately cry out. 66 minster.”

I am not one of those readily-desponda When in une, the baronet opposed ing mortals, who, when

ons occur, his “ venerable friend,” by playing off --for divisions must needs be, but woe against him

of his personal unto them by whoin they come--fearfriends," how, I pray, was that personal fully infer that freedom will suffer. No., friend's election “ INSURED."

To its ultimate triumph, divisions are Short, indeed, were his memory, did in truth as necessary, as the fan or the he not recollect the consternation caused thrashing floor, for dividing the chaff by that experiment; which even for from the sound and solid grain ! awhile put in jeopardy his own return, What pitiful manoeuvring! In June and which placed him on the poll below we have one maneuvre: in November his colleague! Was it not the shock another. In June the obstacle is a given to public feeling on that occasion, ' thought :” in November it is a be-, which "INSURED personal lief.The election of the person of friend's " defeat !

paramount pretensions,” it was believe. With this recent experience of the ed, “ could not be INSURED!-Could fallibility of his own judgınent, respect not be INSURED. 'Good God! Was ing the inclinations of the Westminster ever before such language addressed to. electors at large, what are we to think, a public nomination meeting of a few when in the same breath, he proclaims hundred inhabitants of a city containing the “ paramount pretensions of his fourteen or fifteen thousand electors-a venerable friend,gives it as his city claiming a proud pre-eminence for opinion that he cannot succeed,--and patriotism and independence--and then yet ventures on recommending another, having a representative to choose ? and a still newer personal friend' Was such a city, through such a meetthan the former, whose nomination ing, ever before, in the saine manner, i proved so unfortunate, and with pre- at the same moment, and by the same tensions he thus acknowledges to be orator, told of two persons, one of whom inferior ?

had for more than forty years steadily Here, Gentlemen, allow me to ask you marched onward for the goal of reform, a 'plain question.-Were we now going without having even once taken a susto another general election, and the picious step; and was moreover a wellbaronet's own return not yet INSURED, known fellow-citizen ;-the other, howwould he, with a recollection of the June ever amiable and promising, a youthful experiment on the patience of the and new acquaintance, whose march electors, impressed on his mind, now venture on an exact counterpart of that whatever strength this might be intended to

* The word reported is convinced.But presumptuous experiment; by starting give to the expression, it was not possible tą. a second “personal friend," against one be more than belief


was yet to begin, where such a conclu- ! To conclude: I have now performed sion was come to as that of the baronet ? a task not at all to my taste. I should

What orator before ever so made his infinitely have preferred a continuance distinction between two competitors for of a friendly political connexion, long confidence, in a trust of the highest im- maintained, and, on my part, with the portance to his auditors and the state ; utmost fidelity, to what has taken place; and in the same breath declared, that, for that connexion in its latter period, although one of them had “paramount afforded me a pleasing prospect of being pretensions" to support, he recommended shortly placed in a situation to have the other, and earnestly prayed their given me, for promoting the cause of unanimity” in his favour!!!

radical reform, for the salvation of our How luckless hath been that perse country, ten times ten-fold means. vering reformer's “ wishfor better But that connexion having, by the means of promoting his object! Most other party to it, been put an end to, I unfortunately, that`s wish” happened to have thought it right to submit to you, be unknown to a brother reformer who who have a great interest in knowing had the best means of knowing it, -to the truth, the foregoing facts and reaone, who must have thoughthis sonings. venerable friend with paramount preten- To you it must be left to judge, how sions to a seat in Parliament, the essence far Mr. Cobbett, in his writings, prior of inconsistency, not to have entertained to a possibility of his having any knowthat “ wish!

ledge of the second act, in the WestBut, as ill-luck would have it, in minster election drama of 1818, was summer that “ wishbecomes the vic- justified in his opinion, respecting the tim of a “ THOUGHT;" in autumn, motives of Sir Francis Burdett's conduct when the thought has passed away, the towards inyself; and how far that deepthroat of the “ wishis cut by a Be- sighted person has shown himself a LIBF ;

" and such a BELIEF! Does not prophet, with regard to the close of the this talking about believing and wishing, baronet's political career. bring to mind the old adage on the prone- It will, however, be allowed, that I ness of men to believe as they themselves have not kept a malicious silence, inwish ?

dulging a secret wish, that Mr. Cobbett's But no matter! At all events we can, prophecies may come to pass, for exat the worst, divert ourselves with the posing and disgracing one by whom I tricks played before us. If we cannot feel myself to have been ill-treated; turn them to use, they may serve us for but that I have bestowed on the party as sport. But it is the proper end of farce wholesome a warning, and as sound adto treat us with a laugh at folly, and the vice, for the public good, and his own exposure of double-dealing, while it reputation, as could have been given him leaves behind a little moral instruction. by his best “ personal friend,” under a And have we not been feasted in both sense of the highest obligation received ways, and with that benefit?

at his hands. When, last summer, it was intended to

JOHN CARTWRIGHT. deck untried, inexperienced youth, in the spoils of long-tried fidelity, the veteran reformer was discovered to have the crime

USES of being “OLD:" this winter, when versatility is thought to be coming into

COBBETT-CORN-FLOUR. fashion, he is, it seems, accused of the sin of “ INFLEXIBILITY !"*-inflexi- In my last Register I gave an account ble, indeed, would be his risible muscles, of these uses in the following words : were they not moved by such exhibition We use the corn-flour in my family, of the tricksters!

FIRST as bread, two-thirds wheaten and * so he was informed by a correspondent one-third corn-flour ; second, in batter who F 'the accusatior,

puddings baked, a pound of flour, a


quart of water, two eggs, though these and corn-flour, that being a beautiful last are not necessary ; THIRD, in plum- country for rye, and not so very good puddings, a pound of flour, a pint of for wheat. I should add here, that there water, half a pound of suet, the plums, is some little precaution necessary with and no eggs; FOURTI, in plain suet- regard to the grinding of the corn. The puddings, and the same way, omitting explanation given to me is this : that to the plums; FIFTI, in little round do it well, it ought to be ground twice, dumplings, with suet or without, and and between stones such are used in the though they are apt to break, they are grinding of cone-wheat, which is a very good in this way; in broth, to bearded wheat, which sone people call thicken it, for which use it is beyond all rivets. This, however, is a difficulty measure better than wheaten-flour. which will be got over at once as soon

Now, to make BREAD, the following as there shall be only ten small fields of are the instructions which I have re- this corn in a county. ceived from Mr. SAPSFORD, baker, No. I have just received some very fine 20, the corner of Queen Anne-street, corn from Mr. DURBAM, at Sandwich. Wimpole-street, Marybonne. As I have the parcel weighed about a pound perfrequently observed, the corn-flour is haps. Mr. Durbam paid the carriage ; not so adhesive, that is to say, clammy but the porterage was sixpence. I thereas the wheat and rye flour are. It is, fore beg my friends not to send me any therefore, necessary; or, at least, it is more parcels of any sort by coach; for best to use it, one-third corn-flour and their paying the carriage is, under the two-thirds wheat or rye flour. The rye laws which I have the honour to be and the corn do not make bread so obliged to submit to, no protection at bright as the wheat and the corn, nor all to me. For a parcel weighing about quite so light; but it is as good bread a pound, and the porterage of which as I ever wish to eat, and I would al- was in the fellow's hands before I knew ways have it if I could. Now, for the it, I paid ten-pence! When Mr. Durinstructions to make bread with wheat- bam's parcel came, with the ticket of flour and corn-flour. Suppose you are sixpence porterage upon it, the porterage going to bake a batch, consisting of was refused, and the honest person who thirty pounds of flour ; you will have, brought the parcel was told he night of course, twenty pounds of wheat-flour take it away if he would. Anxious, and ten pounds of corn-flour. Set your doubtless, that I should not be disapsponge with the wheat-flour only. As pointed, he asked what I would give for soon as you have done that, put ten it, and being told two-pence, he took it. pints of water (warm in cold weather, The parcel was become his own, or that and cold in hot weather) to the corn- of his master, and he was humane enough flour ; and mix the flour up with the to part with it for two copper pennies, water; and there let it be for the pre- just half as much as William Sutton, a sent. When the wheat sponge has risen, Hampshire lad, was condemned to death and has fallen again, take the wetted- for having, with a parcel of others, exup corn-flour, and work it in with the torted four copper pennies, from some wheat sponge, and with the dry wheat- one in that county. flour that has been round the sponge. Let the whole remain fermenting together for about half an hour; and then make up the loaves and put them

WOODLANDS. into the oven.

The remainder of the process every one knows. These in- My book on the ruising, planting, and structions I have, as I said before, from cultivating Timber- Trees and UnderMr. Sapsford; and I recollcet also, that woud, taking every tree at its seen), and this is the way in which the Americans showing how it is to be made into A make their bread. The bread in Long Tree, in the most expeditious and proIsland is made nearly always with ryefitable manner. Octavo, price 14s.

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