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ford, Blackburn, Macclesfield, First Head. With regard to this,
Stockport, Stoke-upon-Trent, Ha- fire rotten boroughs are abolished by
lifax, Stroud, and Huddersfield :' the bill instead of five less rotten, which
the new bill gives two MEMBERS must be allowed to be an alteration for
to each of these ; it gives a mem- the better.
ber to CHATHAN, which the former SECOND Head. It was not desirable
bill did not; and it gives an addi- to see eleven members additional given
tional member to the county of to the small remaining boroughs; but
MONMOUTA.

THIRD Head, This is more than 4. The former bill took away the right twice compensated for by giving eleven

of voting from the out-lying free members in addition to these eleven
men and burgesses ; that is to say, large and populous towns; for, if any
from such as did not reside within two, nay, any one sent by the people of
the precincts of the city or bo- these towns, do not tell for more than
rough ; and it provided that, after the whole eleven from the half-rotten
the expiration of the lives of the boroughs, not only is any reform of no
freemen and burgesses now having use, but the people will deserve never
a right to vote, the right should to be better off than thev now are.
be wholly taken away from all free- THE FOURTH HEAD frightens Doctor
men and burgesses in future ; that Black, who seems to think, that the
is to say, that no freeman or bur- retaining of 'the freeinen will bring
gess, not having a right to vote back bribery and corruption; that
now, should ever hereafter acquire it will bring back a "jobbing in free-
that right in virtue of his corporate men," and thereby swamp the independ-
capacity: the new bill alters this ent voters. In the first place, the Doc-
matter; it ensures to resident bur- tor does not seem to be at all aware of
gesses and freemen for ever the the new soul that this change will put
right of voting as before ; it also into the people ; he does not seem to be
provides that such freemen and aware, that the infamy of voting con-
burgesses as are resident withio trary to a man's well-known wishes, will
seven miles of the city or borough become equal to the infamy of thieving

shall still have a right to vote. or of robbing; he does not seem to be 5. The former bill was somewhat dubi- aware, that 'to little purpose indeed have

ous in its meaning with regard to we roused every drop of English blood
the qualification of the ten-pound against the boroughmongers and their
voters: the new bill states clearly, practices, if bribery and corruption are
that every man of full age, not again to stalk forth in open day. The
legally disqualified, occupying a Doctor always seems to look upon this
house, warehouse, or shop, sepa- reform as a thing which is to produce
rately or jointly with land, and only a mere legal effect, and that not a
being assessed to the poor-rates, very extensive one ; else he would never
and of ten pounds a year value, shall thus talk of a “ jobbing in freemen."
have a vote.
swamping the independent voters.

Be. 6. The former bill left the limits of sides that there is no danger of this, the

boroughs to be settled by conmis-bill still cuts off the distant residing sioners: the new bill settles the freemen; and those are the only part of limits itself.

the freemen that have hardly ever acted 7. It appears to be intended to give an infamous part.. The resident voters

charters of corporation to the great have, nine times out of ten, acted an towns which have now no corpo. honest part. I had a majority at Corations; and, when that is done, ventry of the resident freemen, who were the mayors or chief magistrates are swamped" by the execrable villains to be the returning officers : the that were sent down from London for former bill contained nd contingent Ellice and Moore, by the aid of a subprovision of this sort.

scription, at the head of which was old

guttling Curtis, and, I remember, about spiritual to consent to overthrow! The the tail of which was Alderman Woon, freemen to whom the right of voting from whom, however, I did not shrink will remain, will find their right rest the next year when he had to stand in upon the true constitutional grounds. the front of the battle for the poor Queen.. The right was instituted in order that I have seen many ruffians in my life the working people should have their time. The reporthers I never saw; and fair share in choosing the makers of the I thank God for it; I never saw the laws, and their qualiñcation was founded little House of Commons; I have not on their having served an apprenticeseen another assemblage of persones for ship to learn to work. Nothing could these twenty years at least; I once saw be more just, nothing more wise than a congregation of Hampshire parsons, this; but the law supposed that they and Lord Cochrane and I voted unani- would continue to be working men, or mously that we had never seen their to be living in their city or borough on equals before ; but I have seen soldiers, the fruits of their earnings. It never sailors, tide-waiters, and Dover boat- contemplated that they should go a hunmen; and I solemnly declare that the dred miles off, become footmen, grooms, " London voters” that came to Coventry, scavengers, dust men, keepers of brothels, were the most impudent, insolent, rapa- swindlers, pickpockets, or grave robbers, cious, base, and ruffian-like crew that or perhaps the receivers of bodies stolen I ever set my eyes upon; and, with the from the grave or murdered ; and then, exception of the GREAT LIAR him- when an election came, go down to the self, the greatest liars, the sound of city or borough with their pockets full whose nasty hateful voices I ever heard. of bribes to nullify the voice of the hoThe resident freemen, on the contrary, nest and industrious freemen who had were amongst the best people I ever stayed athome. The law never contemsaw in my life. My readers will recol- plated this ; and the law will now put lect that I expressed my regret that the the matter to rights. resident freemen should lose their right

Doctor Black is, therefore, very of voting; yet, so great was my horror greatly deceived if he imagines that this of the non-resident villains, and of the alteration will produce an effect against base bribery carried on with them, that the interest of the people. But the I was willing to consent to the distran- bill ought to define what residence chisement of the others for the sake of means ; for cases. might arise which getting rid of this great abomination. would produce a temporary residence Besides which, observe, the infamous of these monstrous vagabonds. Ljet wretches of non-resident freemen did, in this point be secured, and this part fact, disfranchise the resident freemen; of the bill is a vast improvement. It for they always were able to decide the makes a great extension of suffrage ; it election. Every-thing depended upon preserves the right of voting to great the London voters; and these mis- numbers of real working men; men creants always sold themselves to the who have served an apprenticeship to highest bidder. Then, again, London learn to work; and I look 'upon this always a hell upon earth, if masses alteration alone to be far more sufficient of the most horrid wickedness can to outweigh all the advantages which make a place such, became almost the aristocracy can possibly derive from a real hell at the approach of every the alterations that

made in general election, for a month before Schedule B. It seems, too, that this which, a thousand or two of infa- alteration was greatly cheered by the mous attorneys or other borough agents, opponents of the furmer bill : it was were carrying on the dreadful work of this, it seems, which alarmed the Doc buying false oaths. And this is that tor'; knowing, I suppose, that the bo« institutin of the country" as they roughmongers and theiradherents, being call it, which the rigid piety of the the wisest amongst mankind, would not bishops would not permit the lords, have cheered, of course, if this alteration

are

run

in the hill bad not been clearly advan- offices of Government, and the tax and tageous to them. In every point of tithe eaters ? Oh, no! Mr. Place, on view it was just to retain this descrip- this side of those gates that are guarded tion of voters. Here are great numbers by Sin and Deaty, there is no other of working men with votes, whether mass of baseness equal to this; and if married or single, whether with house, we wanted any proof; if not satisfied or without one; but possessing in with what we see every day; if we themselves a right to vote, that right wanted any specific fact to prove to us resting on the best of all foundations ; the annihilation of the voice of the the having worked to the advantage of people of Westminster, have we it not the state, and being proved by their in this : that in August, 1830, BURDETT servitude. Away goes, then, the unjust and HOBHOUSE were pelted off the hustand stupid principle, that house, or land, Kings of Covent-garden), by the very or money, ought to form the only qua- people who are still insulted by having lifications. The power of England has, them called their representatives ; that in a great degree, arisen from her great they were actually obliged to perfection in the mechanic arts; and this off to avoid being knocked on the has arisen from the long apprentice- heads with those cabbages and ships, to which, too, she has owed a turnips, from which they were shelgreat deal of that patient industry tered, in their hasty fight, by the inwhich has distinguished her from all vulnerable skull of that public-spirited other nations; and therefore, if for none Achilles, who has, the newspapers tell but this moral effect, the rights gained us, now bequeathed that wonderful skull by apprenticeship ought to be pre- to the surgeons, and of course, leaving served ; and, besides, this alteration them to do what they like with the provides for an extension of the suffrage brains, when they find them? Have we beyond that which was secured by the not here a proof of the total annihilation former bill.

of the voice of the people in WestminFifth Head. I am not well enough ster? But, Mr. Place, you must first acquainted with the local circumstances make the public-spirited men in the of any great towu to be able to say po- hives of industry, what the servile sitively, whether this alteration will, or creatures of Westininster are, before a will not, make the number of voters state of things can arise in those towns in the great towns less than it was be- like that which we witness here. fore, or not. But, if Mr. Place, in a The suffrage appointed by this bill, published speech of his against the new is not, however, what I could wish it: bill, stated what was correct, it will and, it is very far from being that sufaugment the number ; and then I am frage which I have clearly proved to be decidedly for the alteration. Aud as to a right, inherent in every man. But, no Mr. Place's fears, that this sort of scot- man denies, that a man 20 years and 11 ard-lot test will give rise to bribery months of age has this as perfect as and corruption, such as were “ FOR- a man 21 years of age : yet we agree to MERLY carried on in Westminster," restrict the right, in this case. The he may be reminded, that the PRE- restriction is imposed by expediency; SENT state of Westminster is even and this right, like every other, must worse than its former state, if annihila- be considered as always limited by tion be worse than infamy; for, by the expediency; that is to say, by conschemes of Burdett, backed by the Go-siderations connected with the general vernment, Westminster is, in the repre- good, not excluding by any means, the sentative body, no more than Gatton good of the working classes themselves. or OLD Sarum. But where is there Nobody will deny that political qualifianother great town, in which all the cation is as complete as it can be in the tradespeople, and all the working people United States of America ; yet there is, in too, are the supple dependents on the all the states, a qualification required becourt, the aristocracy, the club-houses, the yond that of the mere existence of the

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man, and of his residence on the spot.sinecurists, and OLIVER and EDWARDS, In some of the states the voter inust be if they were still residing here; how a freeholder and nothing less ; in Mas- would the honest and industrious single sachusetts, he must be worth a hundred weaver like to go up to poll in such pounds at the time of his being enrolled company, neither of

them having as a voter; in Pennsylvania, he must house to live in any more than he? have paid some direct tax, county orj Yet, if there be no qualification ; parochial; in all the states he must be if there be no settled and previous enrolled as a resident a considerable residence required, such must be the time before the election; and in the description of voters. In another state state of Connecticut, the most democra- of society, a great part of this vermin tical of all, he must have served in the would not exist; but they do exist here militia within so long a time of the day at present; and if there were no limitaof voting; he must have paid a state tion to the right, there would be great tax besides his parochial rates; and in danger of their overwhelming of the either case, he must, if required, pro- honest working people. The chopsticks duce credible testimonals to his good I see excluded not without great regret, moral character ; so that if people especially those that are householders. imagine that true freedom cannot exist I should be well disposed to stickle for : unless the possession of a head and them with all my might; but I am hands and legs and a tongue to speak satisfied that the power which this bill with be quite sufficient to qualify a will give to the working people, will man to give a vote at elections, true enable the towns of the north to protect freedom does not exist in the United the chopsticks of the south and of the States of America.

east and the west ; and therefore I am Besides, we are to look not after willing to take it, and to give it that what we wish for, but after what we fair trial to which a measure containing can possess. I might wish for a great so much good is justly entitled. heap of real gold instead of the copy- I am aware of the natural dislike right of my little book called Paper which every man has to be shut out against Gold; but if I, given up to this from the enjoyment of that which is his magnificent wish, were to neglect the due, and of which so many thousands profits which I derive from my little in the hives of industry are every way book, I should be a magnificent fool for worthy, and whom this bill will not my pains. I allow that the unmarried qualify to vote. I am well aware weaver, who is a lodger, and who pays that, looking only at the privation, no parish rates, has as clear a right to a they are impatient at being presented vote as the married weaver has who with a detail of the benefits. I am rents a house at ten pounds a year. But, aware, that to ensure the cheers of can he exercise the right? Is it practi- men, thus justly angry with what is cable to give him the exercise of that done, I ought to foster their discontent ; right, without the adoption of a rule, but I am also aware that a short time which, in its unlimited operation, would will convince them that I am best condo him more harm, and all his fellow- sulting their good as well as the pre- , workmen along with him, than it could servation of my own character, by giving possibly do him good? How would he all the support in my power to this like to go up to vote in company with a measure of the Government. They lord's footman, a parson's lacquey, a must all be convinced that it is utterly stock-jobber's runner, a game-tyrant's impossible for me to be actuated by any game-keeper, a police scout, an excise- other motive than that of promoting the man, a marker at a billiard-table, a general good, in aiding as far as notorious pick-pocket, a runaway from I am able in restoring to our counthe hulks ; leaving out the soldiers and try harmony and happiness, good sailors, as being too good for such com- living and virtuous conduct, the only pany, but including the pensioners, the sure foundation of national greatness.

I know of no ambition equal to that corporations like these, a very great which I feel, of being esteemed and be blessing they will confer upon the loved by the working people of Eng-country; and I am not afraid that they land; but even this prize, which I value will give us guttlers and guzzlers andjobabove all others, I will not obtain by bers: for the people would not endure disguising sentiments which I sincerely theın. The nests, which already exist, entertain, and which I think it my duty will be broken up; and, thereforre, I to utter. I am as fond of praise, per- am not at all alarmed at the thought of haps, us most other men; but I have new corporations. always said, with the honest poet of

WM. COBBETT, many years ago, and I trust that my conduct will prove the sincerity of my

FRANCE. saying, “ Give me an honest fume, or give me none." My readers will remember that, from

The new corporations alluded to in the the moment of TALLEYRAND being sent bill, to resemble that of the city of Lon- hither by Louis-PHILIPPE, I pronounced don, have frightened some people, and it that the design of this Fundholder-citiwould frighten me, if I did not reflect zen-King was to carry on the old system that the Government has no lands, under a new name; that he was an houses, manors, church-livings, tolls, enormous fundholder; that he would and other such things, to give to the sacrifice the people of France to the new corporations; and that if the Mi- Jews; and that the NATIONAL. nistry establish gangs of guttlers and GUARD,” which he was establishing, guzzlers, they must feed them and was intended to compel the people drench them out of their own pockets. to endure half-starvation, if necessary to Nothing is more desirable than the es- the full payment of the interest of tablishment of corporate municipal go- A DEBT contracted by the Bourbons, vernments in the great towns. I have and that, too, for the real, sole, lived, rented a great house, and carried and almost avowed purpose of making on great business, in each of the cities the French people slaves for ever! of New York and PAILADELPHIA, whose My readers will remember, that I corporations are modelled upon that of published, in the French language, London; and the whole world cannot several addresses to the French people, produce two cities, or towns, in which to make them see this.; and that I have the peace is so well kept, in which jus- all along insisted, that the efforts of this tice is so duly and so uprightly adminis- fundholder-citizen-King and his fundtered, in which the laws are so cheerfully holder Ministers, all tended to make the obeyed, and in which the magistrates are French even more. completely slaves so highly-respected and so much beloved. than they had been under old rabbitAnd why is all this? And why are shooter, Charles the Tenth. NOW, there none of the jobbing and none

of then, I beg those my readers to read the guttling and guzzling that webehold the following article from the wellhere? Because the members of the known correspondent of the MORNING corporation are elected, from top to bot- CHRONICLE (date 13th Dec.), who has tom, by the inhabitant householders; and written so long and with so much spirit because they have not the fingering of in that paper as its Paris correspondent. the public money, or of one farthing of|I beg my readers to go through this arthe public property, other than the taxes ticle with attention; and they will see, imposed upon the citizens for the uses that if the days of Lous-Philippe be not of the city, which is accounted for as actually numbered, it would not require scrupulously as a banker accounts to a great many figures to number then, his customer for his deposits; and and those of the French funds, both put which account is regularly published, in together; but, indeed, they are one and all its details, for the information of the the same.

The writer takes some pascitizens. If the Ministers will give us sages from the Register of the 3d of this

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