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" qualified contradiction, we must own" be disposed to do. But of one thing " that we are not surprised that the ex- we are sure, that the people ean safely “traordinary silence of Ministers on the place reliance only on themselves. Let "subjects respecting which the people " them prepare, that if danger comes, “ have so much reason for feeling an they may not be taken by surprise." "! anxiety, should have given rise to ru- There is no doubt that Dr. BLACK
mours of changes and resignations, has good authority; or, at any ratė, " Ministers, we know, express the most that he has been assured by some one " confident assurance of their ability to in office that Lord Grey has never, in
carry the bill; their language is, if tended to resign. He may intend to be “any thing, more confident than ever ; put out, or turned out ; and that would " but they cannot expect that the people, be as good as resigning, provided that “who do not possess the means of|he published an explicit declaration of
knowing on what their confidence is the cause of his being turned out, and “ founded, should share it with them. called by his name the person who was “ The people hear the same anti-re the cause of it. It is enough for Dr. “ formers who rejected the former bill Black to tell us that the Ministers are “ threaten as loudly as ever the rejection confident of carrying the bill; and, in“ of the next.
They hear of intrigues deed, he does not appear himself to be " —they know that the powers of Go-satisfied with their expressing such con
vernment have, for half a century and fidence; the people have no confidence,
more, been in the hands of the Tories at present; and hence the troubles that " --that their creatures are in all offices, exist all over the country. The people " and wield all the power of the nation; want, as the Doctor says, some indica" they see Ministers more anxious to tions of the mode in which the bill is to " have the good opinion of these Tories be carried. They see no such indica" than of the reformers-and, under such tions; and. I, for my part, do not rely “ circumstances, is it wonderful that on the authority on which Dr. Black
they should feel alarm? Do they ask founds his contradiction of the report. “ too much when they wish to see some As very closely connected with this sub“ indicutions of the mode in which the ject, l'insert an account of the proceed" bill is to be carried ? We have heard, ings at a meeting of the council of the on good authority, of one great bo- Metropolitan Political Union.
I beg roughmonger of the North having my readers to pay attention to the whole « declared, not that he has changed his of the report of these proceedings, par" opinion respecting the bill, but that it licularly to what is contained in the
no longer be resisted. Lord speech of Mr. PŁACE. He there tells " Wharncliffe, on the other hand, has us that he hears from good authority “ been travelling into the country in (and I believe his authority to be good),
stage-coaches, to obtain evidence of that Parliament will not assemble very
re-action, and he proclaims that he speedily, and that he was sorry to say " has every-where found the strongest that the Ministers were uncommonly " evidence of it. There is really no anxious for its meeting at a distant day.
convincing some men. It would not Now, I believe Mr. Place to speak the
surprise us if Lord Tankerville, who truth here; and, if he do speak the " had such a narrow escape at Don- truth, this wish of the Ministers indi
caster, and who was obliged to travel cates one of two things; insincerity, or “ all night with the ladies of his family want of power. Insincerity in being “in a cuach greatly, shattered and open deterained to propose a bill not so good “ to the rain, were not, after a few days' for the people as the last; or want of “ intermission, also to proclaim that ihe power to carry the bill that they intend "re-action had commenced. But these to propose : fear to face the people, or the animals who have to decide fear to face the boroughmongers. :
I "the fate of England. It would be ab- defy any man living, who is at once " surd to calculate on what they may sensible and sincere, to come to any
other conclusion. The Ministers well | few of them have votes : and
This kuow the horrible state into which the is too much, it seeins ! I verily believe, country has been plunged: they well however, that this is the point upon. know that every body is anxiously look- which every-thing will turn. If this ing for relief from this state ; they know be the case; if a compromise be made equally well that all but the borough- hy sacrificing the working people still mongers and the corinorants of various fart her, then how will those look who descriptions are looking to the passing have been voting unlimited confidence. of the Reform Bill as the means of re. in the Ministry : for my part, I do not lief. They well know that their silence confide in them for any-thing that is as to the intended bill has excited the good. Their conduct in the affair of strongest suspicions with regard to their Mr. and Mrs. DEACLE would have conintentions; they see themselves daily formed me in my suspicions of them, if sinking in public estimation, in conse. I had not entertained those suspicions quence of the rumours arising out of before. My opinion is, as I delivered it this state of uncertainty. They must at Epsom, that the Parliament will be be the most unfeeling creatures that further prorogued, froin time to time; ever breathed, not to wish for relief from until January, if not until February, and this degraded situation, and therefore, if not until March ; nor should I at all if they do not wish for a speedly meet- wonder if the Whigs never brought in ing of the Parliament, it is impossible to the Reform Bill again. I have made believe that they mean to propose the many predictions, but never one with same bill again, or any-thing like it, or more confidence than I do this relative that they think that they shall be able to the prorogation of the Parliament. to carry the bill, or any-thing that they One reason for putting off the meeting intend to propose. Tá this conclusion of the Parliament is, that the Ministry every man must come, who concurs in know not what to do: they know not belief with Mr. PLACE : I concur in that which to be most afraid of, the people belief; and, therefore, to this conclu- or the boroughmongers; but of the sion I conne; namely, that they do not two, I dare say they fear the former intend to propose the same bill again; most. and that they do not expect to be able In the meanwhile, however, the great to carry such a bill if they were to pro- source of discontent goes working on.
My readers will see that the second My belief is, indeed, that they intend, resolution of the metropolitan council by soine means or other, to diminish the says that the increasing stagnation of number of voters in the great towns. ! " trade, occasioned by the rejection of believe that this is their main object : 1" the Reform Bill, renders it more than believe that they have correspondences, ever necessary to support the Ministers with Manchester particularly, upon the" in carrying the bill by which they are subject : and I beltéve that the working“ pledged to stand or fall." They have people will be attempted to be sacrificed lost the bill; and they have broken as a compromise with the borough their pledge; and, it appears to me a mongers. In the bill, as it now stands, most imonstrous absurdity in the people they have done every-thing that could to pledge themselves to support them possibly be done, to give a right of any longer, unless they will tell the voting nominally to ten-pound house people what they are about to do. It is holders, and to withhold it in reality. a prodigious mistake to think that the By the tortuous provisions of the bill, cause of reform derives any benefit five-sixths of the real bona fide ten-froni Lord Grey's remaining in power. pound householders will not have a right on the contrary, his remaining in power, to give a vote. The conditions or qua- and drawling the thing along in this lifications are so many, and so craftily manner, is the very thing that the bocontrived, that the working-people, pay- roughmongers ought to wish, and which, ing ten-pound rent, will comparatively I dare say, they do wish. He is a very
good collector of taxes for them; and will shake the whole fabric to atoms ; why should they wish to turn him out. unless some man with energy and 'hoHe shows no disposition to abolish tithes nesty necessary to the task, should step or abolish taxes; and it is thèse to forward and rescue the throne and all which the boroughmongers are attached. the real institutions of the country from If they could be assured that a reformed total destruction. Our statesmen are Parliament would leave the pension-j so engaged in high matters, that nolist, the sinecures, the grants, the re- thing short of a castle, a Bishop's tired a llowances, the dead-weight, the Palace, a Custom-house, or an Excisemilitary and naval academies, the stand- office in fames, seems to be worthy of ing army, the taxes and the tithes, their attention. When I have inserted untouched ; if they could be assured of the report of the proceedings abovethis, they would not hesitate a moment mentioned in the Metropolitan Council, in agreeing to the Reform Bill; and, I will insert, from the newspapers, intherefore, as long as Lord Grey shows telligence relative to other sort of fires, not the smallest disposition to touch any which intelligence I shall introduce by of these ; as long as he looks upon these a letter to my prosecutor, Sir Thomas “ institutions of the country as sacred DENMAN, and which letter I give him and inviolable, so long will the bo- free leave to take to Nottingham, as a roughmongers gladly suffer him to rea testimonial, when he shall next offer main in power.
himself as a member for that fine and But, the “increasing stagnation of high-spirited town. trade" of which the Metropolitan Council speak in their second resolution, will steadily go on, in spite of every thing A meeting of the Council took place at the that can be done, whether by Whig or Crown-and-Anchor Tavern yesterday evening, by Tory. Doubtless the rejection of Mr. Churchill having been voted to the chair. the Refornı Bill may have added
Previous to our entering, it had been moved
and seconded, that “ The laws relating to Po. thing to the stagnation ; but the great litical Union's (inserted in the Chronicle of cause was Peel's Bill, with which, by yesterday) should be adopted and priuted," the by, these amiable Whigs have never and on our entering, Mr. Rogers was Jebating reproached him, recollecting, probably, their propriety. Mr. Wakefield said, that bethat they themselves, with Solomon he had the sanction of Mr. Austin and Mr. Grenville and enlightend Horner at Kelly as to their legality and validity--geutle; their head, were the very first movers men whose professional abilities no one would in the series of projects which finally attempt (without the expense of risking bis ended in that destructive bill. It is that not sought, he said, to know what laws had
own character) to deny or depreciate. It was bill, however, not accompanied by other not been contravened by the regulations or re measures, which is producing the stag- solutions of the Political Unions, but that they nation of trade; and this stagnation will had acted in contradiction or opposition to go on providing fuel for the fame which
Mr. WAKEFIELD again begged leave to preWELLINGTON kindled in 1830, and which sent himself to the meeting, and trusted he has been nursed and kept alive by the shoult have their attention, while he hoped shilly-shally Whigs and their paltering they would not consider bim too intrusive, with parliamentary reform. For my porter or spokesman of the sub.committee, or part, I give it as my decided opinion, Committtee of Management. He beld iu bis thát, after another year of paltering, hand four resolutions, which had been prethere will be real confidence in no man pared by the Business Committee, and enthat ruin will become so
trusted to him to propose. These resolutions
I shall now, he said, beg leave to read :widely spread as to make nineteen
“ Resolved, 1. That all true reformers ought twentieths of the people of property to rally round the throne, at the present crisis, pretty nearly without property ; that and support the King in his attempt to wrest the tax and the tithe-receivers will have the liberties of the people frucu the borough
mongers' grasp: grasped nearly every-thing, and that
" 2. That the increasing stagnation of the nation, by one convulsive movement, trade, and the nearly-exhausted patience of
the nation, occasioned hy the rejection of the Chronicle of to-day), the reason assigned was Reform Bill, convince ihis Council that it is cousidered a simple declaration, not a legal more than ever imperative to support his Ma: opinion. jesty's Ministers in effecting the great measure The Rev. Mr. Fox cordially concurred in by wbicb they have pledged themselves to stand the spirit of the resolutions now proposed for
the sanction of the Comınittee, and that the "! 3. That if the arts of a faction should tri- objection which Mr. Rogers had made to the umph over a patriot King and his present Mi. 3d resolution was valid, and might be obvianistry, this Council will not listen to any illu-ted by a few grammatical transpositions of the sory promises of reforın that a Tory or any words. “Illusory proinises of Refurn” (as it other Ministry may proffer to a disappointed originally stood) might he altered to“ promipeople.
ses of illusory reform ; for the promise of "i 4. That if the enemies of the people should reform might not delude, yet the reform itself succeed in produciug anarchy and confusion, might certainly be illusory. Again, the this Council will devise means by which the phrase “ Tory Ministry” (as in the original members of the Union may effectually protect resolution) he would alter to “ Tory or any their own lives and properries, and establisha other Ministry.” the liberties of the country.”
After some sensible observations concerning Having read the resolutions, Mr. Wakefield the opinion Mr. Rogers referred to as being moved that they be adopted by the Council. considered in the light of legal opinion, or a This being seconded,
siinple declaration of a public political body, Mr. Rogers took the opportunity of re- without regard to the professions of the marking vu, two or three expressions used in persons composing that bory, from Mr. the laws relating to the National Political Murphy, Mr. Wakefield, Mr. Wainford, and Unions. It was there said, that “ during the Mr. Powel, it was unani:nously agreed, that administration of Lord Castlereagh, tlie lin with the emendations proposed by Mr. Fox, berties of the people-- which had been very the resolutions should de adopted. much abridged during the administration of Mr. WAKEFIELD hoped that these resolu. Mr. Pilt--were thought to be still too great; tions would disabuse the public inind concernaud it was concluded, that the more the in- ing tlie stigmas endeavoured to be cast upon telligence and consequent good conduct of the the Political Unions--that they endeavoured people increased, the greater was the neces- to coerce public opinion by animal or numeris sity to destroy their rights and liberties; and cal power, rather than by moral force. They that an act was therefore passed with this in- would put this society in particular, right in tention, subjecting all political societies to the public opinion, and rectify the mistaken views penalties of the Act 39th Geo. III.” Now the in which it bad beeu endeavoured to be placed increase of intelligence, and consequent before the public eye. It wished to act from good conduct of the people, he thonght a very reason rather than compulsion-it wished to extraordinary reasou for affording the neces- induce and invite all classes, of every denomi, sity of destroying their rights and liberties, nation and rauk, having moral influence and and that therefore a special act should be integrity, to join their standaril, and enlist passed to entrench and confine them, and sub, themselves as compatriots under their banners, ject then to additional penalties. Again (said so as to form a congregated budy, so compact Mr. Rogers) I must object to the third resolu- and condensed by intelligent union, that they tion now real, which says, that this Council would be unassailable alike either by friends will not listen to any promises of illusory re- or fues—that they would afford no grounds of furin which a Tory Ministry may proffer to the cavilling to the sophist, and no basis of hesitapeople. Now I am willing to receive good po- tion to any class of persons seeking political litical or moral reforın in any shape from any power as the basis of moral influence and prosource. I would not bind myself to any men per elevation of rank in society to join their or Ministry. Measures, not men, is, or should Union. The Committee felt it their duty to be our motto.
declare that the basis of their Union was poMr. PLACE contended that the opinion given litical concord, as well as determination to of the increase of mental and moral character, obtain the ends for which their Unions had as objecied to by Mr. Rogers, was not the upi- ostensibly been established. He then moved nion legally given of the professional men who that the resolutions formerly sanctioned formed part of the Sub.committee, but that should be printeil. it was the opinion expressed in Parliament Mr. MURPUY very ably contended for the during the discussion of the Act alluded to ; same, and was happy to second the motion on because, as it was then asserted, that the peo- the present opportunity, from the peculiar ple had got iocreased intelligence -- that is, necessity now afforded by the wavering aspects political knowledge, discretion, or (if preferred) of the political world. The prejudice against cunning, whereby they could evade any Act these Unions existed unwarrantably, because which had previously passed ; the intelligence unreasonably. The Unions should persevere had been presumed, and the Act accordingly determinately, through evil report as well as passed. But in the laws relating to the Pois good. The mass of the people should not trust litical Unious (which he acknowledged he had to any extraneous or adventitious power: they been instrumental in getting inserted in the should act co-ordinately and united-trust to their own personal exertions, if they boped the expected or longed for a long day. He did not beneficial events of their contest should be waut to add address to address, or to declarapersonal. They wanted a Goverument good tion, or resolution, unnecessarily, but thought and cheap; and he trusted that the union of it indispensable that they should be vigilant all classes, without any invidious distinction, and active; and that however they might hope would eventually produce the results anxiously for the best, they should be provided against sought; would have the effect of removing the worst. every prejudice from the timid and misled! Mr. Bowyer seemed anxious that an ad. that since vo objection could be legally or dress should be prepared from the resolutions, reasonably adduced against the existence of aod printed in the most convenient form, for political associations like their Unions, and the benefit of the working classes; and he that all friends of order and good government thought that though the resolutions lately ap. would shortly be found enumerated in their proved and adopted, were sufficiently distinct society, and embodied together for the welfare and accurate, and capable of being understood of all." Political Unions should he established by many, if not most of the people, he could on'a broad, if intended to be on a permanent, not but cousider the form of an address would basis : they should embrace all, and be no be more popular, and read by the body of the respecters of persons. He trusted that other working classes at large. Branch Unions would exteusively be formed Mr. ROGERS again could not but consider the in town and country, and combined with the propriety of husbanding their resources; aster parent stock as the branches of a tree with what Mr. Place bad iulormed them, there was its trunk.
no necessity for a faming declaration, ex. A desultory conversation then took place pressing, perhaps, without reason, unlimited concerning the propriety of preparing ad. confidence in any men or Ministry. They were dress to the public, founded on those resolu- pledged to measures and they should measure tions, in which
them accordingly, and gradually adopt ineaMr. Rogers considered it more prudent to sures as circumstances compelled. wait for some time, and content themselves with the resolutions aloue; that they might shörtly have reasons-from the rumoured changes in the Ministry anticipated by some, and apprehended by more--for founding a different address, if not on different principles,
“ USEFUL KNOWLEDGE." at least supported by different arguments; he saw no necessity (he said) for embarrassing
What I am now going to communithemselves with resolutions on declarations, cate will do more good in one single day, and addresses on resolutions; affairs might than Lord BROUGEAM AND Vaux's books shortly assume a new aspect from the expected will ever do till the very last moment meeting of Parliament-a new character and that a sheet of them shall be kept out of tone might be given to passing events as well as principles or opinions and determination; the hands of the trunk-maker, or preand even should not the change anticipated in served by accident from still less honour. the popular representation or appreheuded in able uses. To a very considerable part the Ministry take place, there was prudence of grown-up men, the complaint which in the delay, and not accumulating too many is called RUPTURE is but too well addresses and resolutions; aud plastering the walls with placards to give the mean or mali- known; and the frequency of the exhicious the pleasure of tlirowing their mud over bition of TRUSSES in the shop-win... our works, or defacing our publications. One dows proves to us not only the extent pill at a time is enough-pills or medicine in of the prevalence of the complaint, but any form should be administered successively, also the importance attached to its cure. not simultaneously.
Mr. Place was afraid Mr. Rigers, with The complaint is purely mechanical; it others, was too sanguine in anticipating the consists of the dislocation, or displacing, expected meeting of Parliament soon; and of a part of the human frame; and sammatiou devoutly to be wished,” he was purely wechanical is the remedy. The afraid that he could miserably undeceive all remedy, and the sole remedy, consists · with regard to that point; for he had heard, of a TRUSS, as it is called, to keep from sources whose intelligence or veracity be could not doubt, that the time for the meeting constantly in its place the part displaced. of Parliament was not fixed or determined - There are a great variety of trusses, that-the Ministers intended to hold a meeting some better than others; that is, more this week, for the purpose of resolving upon effectual and less inconvenient; and, to or appointing the time when the Parliament would again be convoked; but he was sorry to great numbers of persons, it is of great say, le had every reason to believe or be as importance to know which sort is the sured that the Ministers ardently and anxiously, best ; and I, being in a situation to com