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adopted. Besides, there were many per- to sigh out to himself," God bless me! is sons present, who in his after-dinner that our Member ?" while the county speech at the last county meeting) had, as girls, a very pretty group of whom was I'had, heard him, who was the chairman standing under the window out of which at the dinner, most solemnly, and with I was looking, looked as innocently inuplifted hands, declare, that “if Tue quisitive in the face of each other, or

BILL were rejected, he would never those of the young fellows that had

again pay any Assessed Tuxes if he them by the arm, as if they had been all " could get any one to join him in the saying at once, “ What, in the name of 46 resistance !” These were many per

wonder, can this man be talking sons present, who recollected that VOW, about ! While I, who am a great and who now saw in Mr. MARSI a se admirer of patience, was saying to a cond Jephthau all but in fidelity to his gentleman that stood by me, that those yow; for our Hampshire JephTuan who accused Englishmen of a want of seemed evidently enough to have adopted patience were the vilest slanderers upon the opinion of the poet :

earth.

A gentleman from the body of To make the vow was rash, to keep it sin."

the meeting called out to Sir James :

“ Will you abandon the Ministers if People recollected this vow, and their " they do not bring in again the same sincerity could not fail to be somewhat “ bill?” This disconcerted him : he shocked, at seeing this bold Jephthah, jostled; he wriggled; he twisted ; and NOW, whep the bill has been rejected, soon came to the end of a speech, in the foremost and the loudest in con- which he, too, had not forgotten that demoing every sentiment pointing, same “Mr. COBBETT ;" and in which, though in the most indirect manner, if he were not actually pleading for a towards sturdy behaviour on the part place, all that I can say is, that if he had of the people. Next caine a Mr. had a fee for pleading for a place, he Twyniam, an attorney, who seemed could not have pleaded better. wholly to have overlooked thut he had Now, however, we drew to a close. any thing to oppose but the speech of Mr. Budd was, according to all the * Mr. ÇOBBETT," whose name was con- rules upon such occasions, entitled to a tinually on his lips from one end of his reply to the arguments (if there had speech to the other, and to whom he been any) which had been urged against

imputed the strange wish for the Re- his address; and I, upon every principle form Bill not to pass, lest, I suppose, the recognized amongst men, was entitled, said “ Mr. COBBETT should be Mem- and so the High-Sheriff determined, to ber for Manchester. This gentleman a reply to the personalities incessantly was received with very great impati. poured forth against me. His deterence, and with marks of those other mination, however just it was, and feelings which on such occasions ge- fairly as it was made, was now of no nerally accompany a wont of the great avail. The groups of attorneys, stewards, quality of Job. But it was when Sir bailiffs, servants, and others, judiciously JAMES MacDONALD came, that the meet- distributeil for the purpose, and with ing stood in need of all the forbearance whom the Grand Jury Chamber, from of the patient patriarch. His speech, as which we spoke, was most effectually Lord Thurlow saių of sessions-lawyers, packed, kept up a noise so loud and so

hot and heavy;" long and loud ; incessant that to obtain a hearing amidst all effort and no effect, other than that of it was as useless as it is to attempt to realizing the paradox of rousing people still the roarings of the wind in the to inattention. The people, who recol- midst of a hurricane. The baseness, lected that they had so lately elected him the incomparable baseness of spending their Member, averted their eyes, as- hours in uttering personalities against sumed a melancholy countenance; drew a man, with a previous determination down their eye-lids, or turned up the that that man shall not be allowed to whites of their eyes : erery one seeming reply to the personalities; such base. .

Was

.

IF'

ness can exist in no breast in which to such scenes, from knowing what was there does not exist at the same time a going on. At any rate, I hope Sir James consciousness that the personalities are will have the honesty to tell my Lord false ; and from this charge I exempt Grey, that ONE-HALF of the county not a man of those who uttered person of Hants tacitly expressed their want of alities against me; for they were, every confidence in him ; a decision greatly to one of them, most boisterous in pre- the honour of the county, and for which venting any reply from me being heard. the county is indebted, next after the However, this is of no consequence at virtue of its people, to the manly deter all when compared with the division mination of Mr. Budd to be heard first; which now took place.

for if the Holy Alliance had begun, the In such confusion were the minds of agents of noise would not have suffered the Holy Alliance ; in such a complete one word to be heard from Mr. Budd or state of botheration had our proceedings from me: the tame, the unmeaning, and their own anxious vanity put thein the talentless, the servile, the toadinto, that they really knew not what eating address would have passed as the they were about. The Under Sheriff unanimous voice of the county, which came forward, not with any-thing would have sunk it to a level with the called an amendment; not with any- basest rotten borough in the kingdom. thing in the shape of an amendment;

WM. COBBETT. but with an address, which that Gentleman told me he got from Mr. Marsh;

Winchester, 27th October, 1831. an address that had never been seconded JEPHTHAH, in his speech at the meetor even mored. However, the thing ing, said that I, in disapproving of an was done; the scheme for making this expression of confidence in the Ministers, great county the mouth-piece of confi- was opposing my opinion to that of dence in Ministers; of passive obedience every other man in the country. and non-resistance: this scheme was JEPATHAU and his allies would have let defeated. I knew that there would be me he heard in the reply to their pera great division at any rate, and a great sonalities, I should have read to them division there was : for, it was so near the following extract from the CHROa thing that the High Sheriff made the NICLE of Tuesday:-"At the Reform meeting divide twice before he would " Meeting at Hull, on Monday week, determine which had the majority. The an amended adiress was carried by a second time, addressing himself to nie * large majority, in which it is stated, he said, “ I think there are rather most «• That we have heard, with the deephats on that side: to which I answer- “' est indignation which it is possible ed, and really for the purpose of not ' for a betrayed people to feel, that giving him any plague with the Alli- " your Majesty's Prime Minister has ance, “ Yes, Sir, I think there are," and " ' declared his determination not to so he decided.

“reform the Upper House of Parlia. And now let Sir JAMES MACDONALD, ment, nor to attempt the restoration as picked orator of the alliance, go to "' of the representative system in the the sincere Whigs and put forward his " • House of Commons, until January plea for a good thumping place, upon

Here, then, is what was the ground that he was inainly instru- said on the subject by the very finest mental in preventing this great and fine town in the King's dominions, and incounty from passing a sulky and silent habited by as orderly, as sensible, as censure on the Ministers : it was, as the intelligent, as frank, as public-spirited gamesters say, “ all but : " it wis the people as

ever breathed.

I applaud turn of a feather; and even that turn their-quick-sightedness, and their honest was ubtained in consequence of the decision. The Chronicle talks of “ a noise and confusion that prevailed, and mob.Never was there a town with so that prevented a thousand or more of few persons in it to whom that name the country people, unused as they are can, with justice, be applied. Hull is a

or next.'

AND

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town of people above want, and below when no longer wasted by a band of luxury. It is little infested with those boroughmongers. If you think of these vermin who riot on the vitals of the things, your anger against the American country; and hence this just decision. politicians will be mitigated. I showed JEPHTHAI MARsh this para- As often as I have talked with those graph in the morning, before he went American politicians, I have always to the meeting; and, therefore, in addi. frankly told them, that one cause of tion to the foul play, we must place the my rage against the boroughmongers merit of this wilful falschood, on the was, that they crippled my country, and part of this vow-maker, who uttered the enabled theirs to make a saucy navy, falsehood with the foreknowledge that that dared already to talk of taking it would not be exposed to those who from England the dominion of the seas. had heard it. Nothing will he, how- These politicians used to ask me what I evēr, gain by that in the end; and, it is would do to prevent the increase of their the end to which men always ought to navy and the humbling of England; look.

and when I told them, they used to ex

claim, “And would you do that, now ! NORTH AMERICANS

I answered " Yes : it is my duty to “ wish that my country should still be

the mistress of the seas; and if I had · ENGLISH BOROUGHMONGERS. " the power, it would be my duty to To the Elitor of the Morning Chronicle give effect to that wish."

would you do us so much mischief? (Continued from col. 190, No. 3.)

I used to answer, “ I would do you no It is monstrous, to be sure ; but, Sir, " mischief; you are happier without modify your resentment; look at the “ this navy than you are with one : I pages that I have pointed out in the “ like you exceedingly: I wish you alRegister of the 19th of June last; and “ ways to be happy ; but, my duty to pray recollect, that self-preservation is “ my own country would forbid me to the first law of nature. Look at Eng- " suffer you to indulge in ambitious land, Sir; consider what she is, if re- “views injurious to her greatness. lieved from the night-mare that presses “ Whatever you can do against the bober to the earth. Then look at the “ roughmongers I applaud : I wish you United States; survey them well; look" always to beat them and disgrace at their geographical position; see them; but whenever the people of more than one-half the country curs. England shallohtain their rights, ed for ever with the dangers arising your race of ambition is at an end.” from Negro slavery; look at the It was not with a few scores nor with a country cut asunder cross-ways, from few hundreds that I had conversations the sea to the Alleghany mountains, of this sort in America. These gentleeach inhabited by a people whose very men used to exclaim, " What, you talk interests make them more than half the " thus, who have been stripped to begenemy of the other; look at the divi

gary, and driven to seek refuge here, sion length-ways of the Western from "by this country of yours ! ” the Atlantic states, and see the former, used I to say, is not by my country, but much wore the enemy of the latter," by its oppressors, whose treatment of than Spain can ever be of France; and “ me demands greater exertions on my that, too, from insuperable natural" part for the restoration of my councauses ; look at the rich Western states, “ try.” On this ground it was that, reduced again to a savage state, or to during the ten years and a half, first and unconditional submission, by any power last, that I was in that country, I never that can block

up the mouths of the Mis- became what is called “ a citizen," and sissippi. Look, then, at this little tight never would inscribe my name with a and truss country, teeming with means view to that end, though many inconve of all sorts; and think of those means, niences attended my not doing it. I

66

“ No,"

303

North AmericANS AND ENGLISH BOROUGHMONGERS.

304

crown.

could have secured the copg-rights of " draw in our horns pretty quickly." ten or twelve books in the United States, Now, this is only one conversation of which have been re-printed there with the sort out of many; and the thing is out any leave of mine, and which go so obvious, that there needs no fact of thence to the West and East Indies, this sort to cause it to be believed. I which copy-rights I could not secure have received whole files of American because I did not take up my citizenship, newspapers of the date of this present which would have cost me half-a- year, and they all teem with ridicule or

But, if I had once contracted abuse of the Reform Bill of Lord Grey; this engagement with the United States, and all clearly indicate a wish that it I should not have thought myself free to may be defeated. This reviewer's ohdo that with regard to thein which I servation that all the institutions of would now do if I had the power, and England stand on the same footing as which will assuredly be done, if bo- the voting at Old Sarum, puts me ir roughmongering be destroyed. mind of a very clever politician at New

It is not necessary, Sir, for me to York, who, when I had been railing trouble you with a particular descrip- against the rotten boroughs, and Old tion of the line of policy which England Sarum in particular, ġot up from his ought to pursue with regard to the chair, came across the room to me, and, United States; nor is it necessary for giving me a tap upon the shoulder, me to show you how easily she would whispered in my ear, “ Don't abuse Old be able to do it, if relieved from her Sarum, Cobbett, it is our best friend." intolerable burdens; much less is it ne. Thus they all think, and thus they have cessary for me to show that the destruc- always thought since I have known tion of boroughmongering will relieve any-thing. Pray mark, Sir, with what her from those burdens ; it is only ne-joy the Americans receive the news of cessary that I convince you that the revolutions in France, in Belgium, in American politicians believe that the Poland! What dinners, what boastings, Reform Bill, if passed, will put an end what processions, what carrying of flags to their hope of being the rivals of there are then in their great cities ! England upon the seas, and also put an Compare these with the glum silence, end to that saucy security which they succeeded by dark doubts, and these now enjoy in consequence of the feeble succeeded by abuse and ridicule, with ness of England, and which feebleness which they received the news of Lord they know well to arise from the bur- John Russell's Bill! Ah! but the redens which press her people to the novation of France, of Belgium, or of ground. A little while before my last Poland, tended to give no strength return from America, an English friend which might be dangerous to the of mine was asked by one of the Minis- United States It is England only, of ters at Washington what I was going the freedom and the strength of which back to England for? He answered, they are afraid. They rejoiced with to try to get Parliamentary Reform. exceeding great joy at the emancipation “ Poh!” said the Minister,“ he'll never of the Catholics of Ireland. They had succeed.” “ I hope he will," said the their dinners and their toastings without Englishman. “Do you," said the Mi- end, with Wellington's statue stuck nister, " why you are a citizen of the upon their tables, and decorated with “ United States ; you have your fortune laurels and with garlands.

Ay, but " and family here; this is your country that they looked upon, though errone

now, and you ought to wish for the ously, as a triumph over England. good and safety of it."

" So I do,"

Is not this enough for my Lord Falsaid he," but I may wish well to Eng- mouth? Does he want more to show land too” Yet," said the other, hin the great weight which his quota“ but not wish for the Government to tion ought to have in preventing the “ be taken out of the hands of the bo- bill from being passed? If he do, let “ roughmongers; for, if it be, we must him reflect on the great immediate loss,

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besides the distant danger, that this Catholics in both houses, relative to the Reforın Bill will cause to the United Reform Bill:States. The drain of specie and of most

Allon Tower, Oct. 11. valuable persons from England to the “Sir,-) beg leave, through the medium of United States has been for several years your spirited and patriotic paper (if you will past at the rate of a million of pounds a lection of the public, that out of 19 Catholics year, or more, and at about the rate of who sit in the House of Commons, only one five thousand persons. People have voted against reform, and he sits as the repregone who have carried letters of intro- sentative of a close borough, and therefore duction from myself, carrying out with cannot be considered as a free agent. And

out of the pine Catholic Peers in the House of them more than two hundred thousund Lords, we have again but one solitary vote pounds in gold. Let the bill pass, and against the bill, and that from a nobleman not another man of property will ever who has bitherto ever signalised himself as go. Amongst all the people that are the poor. While the country has, therefore,

the friend of the people, and as the advocate of enemies of reform the land-jobbers of cause to rejoice in the admission of Catholics America' are the very greatest, the to their legislative rights, surely that false and boroughmongers not excepted. The absurd nution, that as Catholics we are the

enemies of freedom, and the sticklers for oppressions arising from a want of reform are a perennial spring of profit to -Louk, sir, at the reformation now carrying

arbitrary power, will now be exploded for ever. these crafty knaves. They would like, on in the Papal states, where the Sovereign, rather better, anarchy, confusion and re- thongh both Prince and Pontiff, has the volution, stirred up by degrees, and wisdoin and magoanimity to yield to the just giving people time to get away to Ame- able contrast to the folly and bigotry of our

demands of his people, exhibiting an honourrica ; and, finally, to tear England to Protestant hierarchy, who, by their betrayal pieces, and make her feeble for half a of the country upon the present occasion, have century, while they were swaggering proved themselves unworthy of the possession about over the world, “purchasing"

of political privileges. But I will not waste half Mexico and all Cuba, as they sufficient that I have drawn your attention to

your time in descauting upon these facts; it is "purchased Louisiana.”. This is what them, confident that they will be duly apprethey would like best; but Old Saruin ciated by every honest Englishman, all of suits them very well; and being a pru, in the rallying cry of “The bill, the whole bill,

whom will, I trust, at this eventful crisis unite dent people, they are for letting well and nothing but the bill;" for it is the bill alone enough alone ; and hence the profound that can do justice to the people that cau depublication which Lord Falmouth has stroy the oligarchical character of our governhad the profound sagacity to quote in ment; and, while it scares away the revolu

tionist, and blights the bopes of the anarchist,. opposition to the bill.

can establish ihe institutions of the country If I had not already trespassed too long upon a safe and solid foundation. I have the on your time, I would beg permission bonour to be, sir, your obedient servant,

6 SHREWSBURY." to add a remark or two on what Lords Falmouth and Caernarvon said about me, The two Catholic Tories alluded to in during this debate. That however is a the above letter are, Lord Arundel, and matter of too little consequence to in- Sir Thomas Constable. duce me to lengthen that which is already too long

I remain, Sir,
Your most obedient, and

THE BISHOP OF LONDON AND THE most humble Servant,

PARISH OF SAINT ANNE, WEST-
WM. COBBETT.

MINSTER.
The following is a copy of a hand-bill dis.

tributed yesterday in the above Parish : CATHOLICS IN PARLIAMENT. “ ST. ANNE, WESTMINSTER. The following has been addressed to formed that the Rev. Dr. Macleod, the Rector,

" The Parishioners are respectfully inthe editor of the Sun, by the Earl of has received a letter from the Lord Bishop of Shrewsbury, upon the conduct of the London, stating, that his Lordship is un

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