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that the hundred and ninety-nine are to ecution of this simple yet magnificent
be conciliated?! And, worse than áll, | design. If you cannot repose confidence
are not Ministers perfectly silent upon in your own intentions and exertions,
the extent of the alterations which they how can you have the folly to place re.
intend to make in the old bill, as also liance in the avowed intentions of.men
upon the chief of the provisions which in office, upon whom a reform in the
they may intend to introduce into their representative system of the country can
new bill?'. If the intended new bill,'confer no advantages!? It is you who
be as efficient,' or, in other words, as are to be benefitted-you, the tax-paying
beneficial for the people as the last, how MILLIOns, and not the tithe-receiving

can it be more acceptable to the Lords ?' and tax-devouring locusts."
But it is, a mockery of the understand- In every word of this I agree. The
ing, and an insult to reason, to argue prorogation is only till the 22nd of No-
upon such a grossly absurd proposition. vember; but the Parliament is then
What then is to be done ?. We shall not to meet for business. There is to be
address you in the very words which another; and, if the people be lulled,
Earl Grey himself. addressed to the another and another! All but down-
House of Peers in November last, when right fools see this. I wound up

the
the Duke of WELLINGTON was Minister. week with the three following letters :
– You see the danger around you, the

To the Editor of The Ballot. storm is yet but in the horizon. Begin,

SIR, I should have inserted the fol, then, at once to strengthen your houses, to secure your windows, and to make lowing letter inthe Register, if it had not

reached me too late. Pray put it into The fast your doors. Such was the advice of our present noble Premier, when an.

Ballot; for, it is of great importance

that the whole of the circumstances other noble Premier declared that the people of England should not have reform connected with this affair should be -should not freely elect those who were

made public as soon as possible.-Mr. to make laws for them, and to tax them. MABERLY told us at Epsom, yesterday, Seeing how your late 'petitions have

that the prorogation of Parliament been answered by the Peers, petition would be to the middle of January ; that House ro more until you are in the

and the King's Speech tells pretty plainfull enjoyment of your rights.-Debase) ly, that we are never ugain to see poor not yourselves by soliciting your rights Schedules A and B!-I am yours, &c., from men who hold you in the bondage

WM. COBBETT. of slaves. Assemble, however, deliber: Bolt-court, Oct. 21, 1831. ate and consult amongst yourselves, and

" To MR, COBBETT. as Parliament is appointed to meet on “ SIR, You are right; the account Tuesday the 22d of November, do you of the deputation to Earl Grey, on the people of England agree to meet Wednesday, the 12th, should have been on Monday, the 28th of November. made public the next morning, and had Let the whole of the people of England the business been in my hands, it should assemble on ONE DAY-on that day have been thus made public. and address his Majesty, King WIL- “ The facts are these. Mr. Potter, of LIAM THE FOURTH, for a restoration of Marybonne, was in the Chair at the rights. Consecrate one day to the cause Crown-and-Anchor Tavern, and a friend of national freedom. Nothing can be of his officiated as secretary. The more easy of accomplishment-nothing meeting appointed Mr. Carpue and Mr. more grand in the display-nothing more Potter, to conduct the conference with triumphant in the result. We earnestly Earl Grey, and the draughts of the mes entreat the reformers in every part of morial and the resolutions remained in Great Britain and Ireland to take this the hands of Mr. Potter's friend. I measure into their immediate considera- fully expected to see them inserted in tion, and to take such steps in their re- the newspapers next morning, but not spective localities as may lead to the ex-seeing them, I wrote to Mr. Potter for

them, telling him I wished to have out, or unless you be quite sure that copies, that I might procure their inser- there is no vanity within.-Yours, &c., tion in the Morning Chronicle. In the

WA. COBBETT. evening, several gentlemen who had Bolt-court, Oct. 22, 1831. been on the deputation, met, but as

To the Editor of the MORNING CHRONICLE. neither Mr. Potter nor his friend attend.

Bolt-court, Oct. 21, 1831. ed, one of the deputation went to Craw- SIR, -As there are so many persons ford-street, saw Mr. Potter, and re- who in one forın or another complain of, quested the papers, but he received for

or censure, through your columns, my answer, that Mr. Potter, with two others efforts to convince the people that the of the deputation, intended calling on Ministers will not keep their pledges me, at my house, at eleven o'clock the with regard to the Reform Bill, and that next morning, the 14th. I therefore the confidence' placed in them, as to caused the whole of the seventeen to be this inatter, is ill-founded, I hope it is summoned for that hour, but neither not too much if I beg room for these Mr. Potter nor any of the persons

he
very

few words more upon the subject. alluded to came. In the afternoon, IWe have now done with dispute as to received the memorial and the resolu- the past, and are come to mere matter tions, and as no more time was to be of opinion as to what the Ministers will lost, I gave them to Mr. Black, and

now do; and I will not deal in vague read to him my account of the proceed- expressions : I say, that if nothing exings from the draught of a letter I wrote traneous, more than what we now beon the 13th, to a gentleman in the hold, happen, until the new bill be North, and this was the ground of his brought in, that bill will not contain publication; it was necessarily brief, schedules A and B. Here is something and not so well and correctly worded as specific. This is my opinion : you seem it ought to have been.--Your obedient to hold an opposite opinion : time will servant, “ FRANCIS PLACE.

soon decide between us; and, therefore, Charing-cross, Oct. 20, 1831."

to time let us refer the decision.
I am your most obedient Servant,

WM. COBBETT.
To MR. WAKLEY.
Sır,-Nothing can prevent, finally, As a sort of answer to this last letter,
and in a year or so, a

s radical reform the editor of the Chronicle, in the same of the Parliament" (Charles Fox's own paper, has these words :~"Of the inappellation) and consequent cheap Go-" tentions of Ministers, we have already vernment; but there will be monstrous “ said, we entertain no doubt; but we attempts to dupe the people along, and" cannot see our way as to the mode in to keep it from them. My decided " which effect can be given to their inopinion is, that schedules A and B will “ tentions. We believe that a bill with be so altered in the new bill, as to leave" Schedules A and B will be PREa nice little sprinkling of boroughmon- " SENTED by Ministers, but beyond gering ; and I know that it is intended “ this we know nothing." Ah! “it was to take away the ten-pound suffrage in just here that poor Philomel gave up the great towns. Mind, I say that I " the ghost !Presented! Aye, I'll know that this is intended ; and thus bet my life that these schedules will be goes all that made the bill worth any- presented by them; and, further, thing It will fail ; but it is intended. that they will boldly insist, that A and Political Unions are useful, until THE B shall still stand at the head of the THING gets hold of their leaders ! Let schedules; but, as to their contents, it the people beware of this danger: it is will be our old baby-story :-A, apple; a very great one. Better not send “de- B bit it, C cut it, D divided it, and puties to talk with THE THING, E eat it. It will still be “ Schedule A," unless you first prove their hearts to be but that is all that it will have in comcased with something to keep flattery mon with the Schedule A of the bill.

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Yet, how are these' men to stop short! neighbourhood, held at Dee's Royal Hotel, How are they ever again to look the and by adjournment, at Mr. Beardsworth's nation, or to look one another, in the Repository, on Thursday, the 20th day of Oc

tober, for the purpose of taking into consideface ! “I have,” says Lady Macbeth ; ration the propriety of addressiug his Majesty “I have given suck, and know

to express their deep regret and bitter disapHow tender'tis to love the babe that milks me: pointment at the rejection of the Reform Bill I would, while it was smiling in my face,

in the upper House of Parliament,” to declare Have pluck'd my nipple from its boneless gums, enlightened patriotism, and in the zeal, wis

their unabated confidence in his Majesty's Aud dash'd the brains out, had I but sworn

dom and firmness of his confidential advisers, As you have done to this !"

and to express their earnest hope that all Puor Lord John will shudder at the constitutional measures will be employed for thought of being pushed in this way; essential to the peace and welfare of the

the speedy accomplishment of an object so and will, like a repentant reformer, country. yield to the voice of the 199; and The following resolutions were unanimously so keep his place, and never more adopted : repeat his rash pledges. He will not, 1. That this meeting views with disappointlike the patriarch, require an angel from the Reform Bill by the Lords Spiritual and

ment, indignation, and alarm, the rejection of heaven to step in to save the devoted Temporal, in Parliament assembled, who, in rotten boroughs from the fury of his this exercise of legislative functions, held by patriotism. I wonder whether HE will them in trust for the people, have endangered

all the institutions of the State, and the whole bring in the new bill!

fabric of society.

2. That relying upon the public acts, pledges Bagshot, Tuesday Morning, Oct. 25, 1831.

and declaratious of his Majesty's Ministers, On my way to Winchester, the this meeting reposes a firm confidence in their Morning Chronicle overtook me here, integrity, and trusts that they will speedily last night, containing grand news in-adopt such measures as may allay the present deed! but rather wanting confirmation. distracted and anxious state of the public

mind, and remove those elements of political, However, I must, before I come to that commercial and financial derangement which and to the very close connexion that must otherwise, ere long, prove fatal to the it appears to have with my own opera

best interests of society. tions of last week, proceed with my form, in which the great principles of dis

3. That no measure of Parliamentary rehistory of the Reform Bill, and of the franchisement, enfranchisement, and right of effects which the rejection of it has hạd voting, are confined within more restricted upon the nation. Most of the great towns limits than those recognized by the late Rein the North have met and expressed expectations of the people; or restore the true

forni Bills, will satisfy the just claims and their indignation against the rejecting principles of the British Constitution, Peers, and especially against the Bi- 4. That this meeting, placing entire confishops, the latter of whom the people dence in the wisdom, patriotism, and firmness have, in several places, burnt in effigy, the prerogatives with which he is invested by

of his Majesty, is satisfied that he will exercise and the proper persons of some of the the Constitution, in such manner as sball most former they have roughly handled. At effectually promote the success of a measure BIRMINGHAM, at which place, aud pretty essential to the peace and happiness of his close round it, there are a million of people. people assembled, and which spot is

5. That in the opinion of this meeting the

systematic opposition of nearly the whole precisely in the middle of England, as Corporation of Lords Spiritual to the Constiwell breadthways as lengthways, there tutional rights of the people-of those who was, on the 20th of October, a meeting voted against

the bill and those who absented

themselves--their rooted attachment to corof the people, for the purpose of address

rupt and corrupting institutions, and political ing the King on the rejection of the disregard of the first principles of that Holy bill, at which meeting the resolutions religion of which they claim to be pre-emi, which I am about to insert were agreed gently the ministers--have justly deprived. to.

them of the national respect and confidence; RESOLUTIONS.

and will ultimately be the means of depriving BIRMINGHAM.-At a very numerous and

them of their legislative functions. highly respectable public meeting of the inhá

An address to the King, consonant. bitant householders of Birmiugham and its with these resolutions, was, of course,

agreed to. The main topics of interests" their opponents? Would they not here are, the confidence expressed in the "be emboldened by their impunity? Ministers ; ' and 'the sentiments relative “ Would they not again combine and to the Bishops. The former is guarded “ intrigue when Parliament again asvery much by coupling it with a refer- sembled ? Would not the bill be ence to the pledyes given by the Minis- again thrown out, or more probably ters; and, in fact, founding the confi- i“ be smothered or torn in pieces, and dence upon the supposition, that those rendered useless in Committee ? pledges will be adhered to. It is, in " (Cheers.) He again repeated that he fact, a conditional confidence; but it is" would not delude the people. There quite confidence enough! The meeting were but two modes of carrying this was not, however, content to leave the " measure-by constitutional means, or King to suppose that they were content “ by means not strictly constitutional; with a bill quite as efficient: they in other words, he told them it could say, “No measure in which the great only be carried by more peers or fewer. “principles of disfranchisement, en- (Loud cheers.) He repeated, that he “ franchisement, and right of voting," “ conscientiously believed that they do not remain the same, will satisfy would do the like again, unless their them. This is very material ; and it is numbers were increased. If new peers worthy of the imitation of every other “ were not made, he solemnly warned meeting However, as to confidence

56 the House of Lords that it was the in the Ministers, Mr. PARKES, in his last time of asking.' He solemnly speech, seems to have cautioned his “ warned the Government, if it had not townsmen against being deceived. These “ the energy to make the change in the were his words, and they are well worthy“ representation required by the people of attention :-"He would not," he " ** said, “ be a party to delusion; he would

This is sense. It is evident that there not longer conceal his real fears that is no other way of carrying the bill. " the country and the Reform Bill la. There must be a change made in the « boured under alınost insurmountable persons who are to vole; or it is imposdifficulties.

The House of Lords sible to carry the same bill; and, we consisted of 421 peers, and 199 voted clearly see, that this gentleman is su

against the second reading of the bill; picious, that no such change will be “ 158 voted in favour; 64 peers did not made; and well he may; for if it be

vote at all; of the latter number 20 intended now, why was not the change might be absentees, insane, and mi- made on the 10th or 12th of October,

nors. Therefore, there were 40, cer- and all this turmoil prevented ? I ask, “ tainly, disaffected to the bill, who did | why the change was not made then? " not vote.

Now it was notorious that, And if I be told, that the Ministers” " of the minority, many peers voted for hearts were good, but that they wanted “ the second reading who were inimical the power ; that they found at Windscr “ to the principle of the bill, and who people too strong for them; what reason “ would have opposed its details in is there to suppose that they possess lle “ Committee. Thus, in fact, only about power now?" Mr. Parkes was, there“ one-fourth of the peerage was sin- fore, very right in cautioning the people “ cerely in our favoar. Deny this gloomy against being deluded into confidence in “ fact who may, deceive the people in the Ministers, until they know that they

hiding it who might, he (Mr. Parkes) not only can, but will, make a new crea“ would not be a party to the delusion. lion of Peers. And the people know How was such a critical situation to that Lord Grey told the parochial de“ be overcome? Would intrigue, cor- puties that there would be no new crece

ruption, fear, conviction—would any tion of Peers. There is no getting out “ other causes or motives operate in the of this: and it is delusion to talk of “short interregnum of the prorogation, confiding in men for the doing of a thing, "to reduce this formidable majority of when they tell you that they will not

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make use of the only means by which dangers to property and to life, which that thing can be done.

now alarm the country; that all these The 5th resolution (relating to the are to be ascribed wholly to the bishops, Bishops) is the echo that fills the to those who have vowed upon the altar country. They cannot now stand as that they will be ever watchful to prothey are. One thing, at any rate, the mote godliness and peace! Therefore, bill would have done: it would have put i for them now to expect forbearance on an end to a greater mass of drunkenness, the part of a people driven to half madlying, fraud, bribery, corruption, and ness by their sufferings and by their false-swearing, than ever existed before despair, would be presumption equal to in the whole world ; and these men voted any other part of their conduct and against, and actually prevented, the characteristics. Expect, or expect not, adoption of this measure! That is however, no forbearance will they reenough: we need go no further with receive; so that to that they may make up gard to their conduct. They had no- their minds. thing to do with the policy of the mea

Basingstoke, Tuesday noon, 25th October. sure : it was the mass of sin that the bill I now come to the grand news in the would have, and must bave, put an end Chronicle, which I mentioned in my to, that they ought to have had in their article of this morning; and here it is, eye. They might think, and think taken from the Chronicle of yesterday, rightly, that the bill would take away a (Monday, 24th October.) “ It is with large part of their worldly wealth ; make “ the greatest satisfaction that we now them live in modest mansions instead of " state, on the best authority, that there palaces; make them drive a gig instead" is no foundation for the belief in the of a coach and six; but what was that " postponement of the meeting of Par. to men who had vowed at the altar, that “ liament to January. It will meet, at they believed themselves called by the the very latest, on the 1st of DecemHoly Ghost to take upon them the care of ber; and the bill will then be brought souls, and who had also vowed to cast If the Ministers were to make aside all love of worldly lucre? In short, any change, it would be to make it their case is no:v desperate : the conduct more democratical. But they will of the clergy in the case of MOTHER" bring in the bill.” Indeed! Mind, CLARKE AND THE DUKE OF YORK, and this is the whole of the paragraph, in the case of poor Queen CAROLINE; } which paragraph is placed in the most these were two heavy blows; but this conspicuous part of the paper, and in last blow is the finisher. They will that sort of type which is used when never recover this blow which they have the editor is desirous that the writing. given to themselves. The Reform Bill should attract particular and great atwould, to a certainty, have, in a short tention ; when

esirous that it time, reduced them to something like should be read by every-body, and that moderate incomes; but now there will it should produce effect on the mind of be no ceremony with them.

Here was every reader: and effect this paragraph a proposition to put an end to a mass of will produce! Here is a change all of a wickedness such as the world never saw sudden! I will not refer to the report of before; and here were 44 Bishops, the the Parochial Deputies of the conversa whole of whom all but two, either tion of Lord Grey with them on the voted agninst it or abstained from voting night of the 12th of October ; I willfor it; and if there ever were a case in not refer to Mr. MABERLY's statement which to apply the maxim, that " he at the Surrey Meeting, that the prorowho is not for us is against us," this is gation would be till the middle of that case.

In short, we are all satisfied, Jannary; but I will refer to the speech that the loss of this bill, and all the tur- of Lord Grey himself, made in the moil which now exists, all the injury to House of Lords, on Monday, the 17th business, all the breaches of the peace, instant, and the report of which was all the fearful combinations, all the inserted in the last Register, p. 204.

66 in.

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