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be exercised in their behalf. And first,“ should be opposed upon some English of the Bishops, it may be asked, whe-object, that the carrying of the English ther as conscientious and honest men object shall be prevented by the peers they will deny, that they or most of " of Scotland ? ”the answer would inthen are individuals picked for their stantly have been, "No ; there is a prozeal and talents by former ministers, to " vision for such a case as that; there be placed in the House of Peers for the " is the power of the King to make express purpose of upholding the system

sixteen new peers."

Without an unof those ministers by their votes when- derstanding of this kind, the Union with ever the occasion should arrire. It is Scotland would have been totally im. not mentioned as matter of blame to practicable and unreasonable; no man them; the sin and duplicity would be, durst have proposed it; no man'would if it were possible it should be denied have submitted to it: the existence of 'that they are the élite of the troops of the Union is evidence of the existence former administrations, distinctly posted of the right. where they are, for the purpose of act

If it should be asked whether peers ing against the present. And if so,-is will be created to support the peers the country bound to submit a secular of Scotland in resistance to Scotch question to their votes, when the con- Reform, the answer is, that the nestitution has provided the moderate and cessity of Scotch Reform is conceded perfectly pacific measure of neutralizing on all sides. The parallelism of the them by the introduction of new Peers! case is a non est inventus. Of the

Of the representative Peers of Scot. Irish representative Peers, the most land a different view must be taken. It moderate, conciliatory, and tranquilis not intended to deny, that they are a lizing thing that can be done or said, is highly respectable, and even venerable, to point to their names and ask them remnant of the feudal ages; possessing whether it is not the boast and glory of much of the interest attached to the the greater part of them, that they relics of gone-by greatness, and the dig- were selected for their personal merits nity of decay. It is not intended to as- and capabilities in support of one side of sert, that, though they undoubtedly the great question now at issue; and gratified their own inherent notions by whether they can in honour aver, that falling in with the opportunity the bo- in this light they are fair referees for rough systein offered them, they were the English people, without an equal the creatures of the Ministry for the time number being put in on the other side. being, or are to be viewed in any light It may, in the actual circumstances of a - but as a race of faded territorial sover country, be avowedly proper and expeeigns, whom the progress of the times dient that the decision of a question has happily deposed. But what it is should be referred to the ancient magintended to assert, is that the Peers of nates of the land. But it never can be Scotland are not the men to settle an fair, that it should be référred to a' porEnglish question, -that they were not tion of them selected by the influence brought into the House of Peers for direct or indirect of one of the parties at any such purpose, and that the mode issue, without the other party having tho and instrument through which the opportunity at all events to put in an constitution provided against their equivalent. It would be like deciding being ever applied to such an end, was by a jury where known portion of the the authority lodged in the King to neu- jurymen had been nominated, it matters tralize their power by making peers in not how many years ago, by one of the the event of the case arising. If at the parties to the case. · If this portion canperiod of the Union with Scotland, the not be removed, let the other side put in question had been asked of the English an equal number in its turn; and then people or Government, “ Do you, then, there will be a chance that the remainder,

intend, if ever the sixteen peers of who were neither put in by one side nor "Scotland, or a majority of then, the other, will effect a fair decision. But


till this is done, it is plain that justice should be struck out of the reckoning, does not stand straight upon her legs. the result would be to require the This last operation with a jury, if a case creation of one more Peer on the peocan be conceised where there should be ple's side, and in the promotions one no other resource, is what in the meta- Marquess to Duke 'less and two Visphor that has been facetiously put forth, counts to Earls and one Baron to Viswould be called. suamping a jury. It count more; a conclusion probably is left to the cominon sense of mankind, unexpected by either of the parties whether the proper phrase would not concerned,--and which might afford be, that it was bringing it to an even matter for meditation in various ways.

It is evident that if the opponents push The claim, therefore, on the part of for this particular improvement, it will the people of the portion of the United be conceded. Kingdom called England, is for the im- No hurtful precedent can be derived mediate neutralization of the Spiritual, from such an adjustment; any more Scotch, and Irish Lords, by the crea- than from that created by a legal award. tion of forty-two. Inore peers; and The precedent cannot take place, withwhen this piece of naked, abstract jus- out the previous circumstances being tice has been performed, it will be time repeated ; and if it does, it ought. To to debate the expediency or non-ex- resist such an adjustment on the ground pediency of creating new Peers to carry a of the inconvenience of increasing the particular bill if required. There can be number of the House of Peers,—would no mistake. What is advanced is, that till be a sacrifice of the greater interest to this is done, the English people labour the less, like declining to take cogniunder a denial of justice ; and that where zance of a majority in the House, to justice ends, and not before, the question save the trouble of writing down the of expediency begins. There is another names. If the reasonable, limited, and claim, of smaller magnitude, but still of moderate demand for an adjustment is some; and that is, for an adjustment of not acceded to, the people of England the promotions in the Peerage since must sit down under the consciousness 1792. The balance consists of 2 Mar- that their reform has been withheld bequesses to be raised to Dukes, 3 Earls cause it displeased the Bishops and the to Marquesses, 5 Viscounts to Earls, Scotch and Irish peers; and because and 3 Barons to Viscounts, due to the the Whig Ministry, for reasons known popular side. The people have there to itself, refused to go forward after fore a right to expect, that promotion to being lifted to the top of the rampart this amount should be held over the on the shoulders of the people, and heads of the peerage, as to be conferred declined advising the exertion of the after the passing of the Bill. If constitutional power provided for the the peerage is inaccessible to consi- case. Why an Administration which derations of this nature, there is no has hitherto led gallantly and been harm done; and if it is not, the people gallantly followed, should in this manonly claim a balance in futuro, for ner turn round when all the enemy's what has been bestowed on the other defences are at its mercy,-is what, if

the case happens, time will show, and If the opponents of the bill should posterity assuredly inquire. The only represent, that it is a shocking thing to conceivable excuse is, that the Ministry treat the rewards of eminent services as has not been asked, or not been asked if they were cottoa or tallow,--and if sufficiently. There is time left for the (as in the persuasion that the result people to correct this want. Ti tliey do would be in their favour they would be not correct it, and effectually, in a fortlikely enough to do), they should demand night,--the Reform Bill -niay be held to that the honours" attached to great be withdrawn with the consent of the names in the military, naval, legal, and English nation.

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suggest itself to some, is that if the it be stipulated that one is that there Bishops and Scotch and Irish Peers shall be no ill-will against the people would agree not to vote, the necessity for believing, that as sure as man ever for creating Peers would be removed or cheated woman, they are going to be reduced to something of inconsiderable deceived. The perils of delay are great amount; while any number of indivi- and nianifest. There never dual recusants might be balanced by British sovereign to whom the people creations as before. And it is not clear, would more gladly say, "O King live that when we are told to shut our eyes for ever ;”—but the King will not live and open our mouths and see what hea- for ever, and if he should die now, it ven will send us, some expectation would be hard that the nation should be of this nature is not at the bottom of deprived of the legacy of his good-will. the advice. To such a plan the objec- The cholera may come, and put the tions are,- First, That there is no rea- people beside attending to their temson why the Whigs,-who though not poral concerns; which would be a perthe abstract idols of the people's wor- feet god-send to the opponents of the ship, are undoubtedly more the friends bill. The test is, whether the bill shall of the people than the opponents of the be anchored in safety now. If it is not, bill, -should lose the advantage of per- the plan is clearly that it shall be cast manently establishing a battery of forty- adrift. two peers upon the breach.

There may be plain speaking in all

this, but no man has ever suspected “ Hei mihi! rusticitas, non pudor ille fuit.”

your Lordship of any of the qualities to Secondly, That such arrangements are which plain speaking is abhorrent. No sure to end in discontent and charges of apology therefore is required, in saying misconduct on one side or the other;

I am, my Lord, and, therefore, the wisest way is to use Your Lordship's most obedient the power in hand, and court no ar

humble servant. rangement for the comfort of the enemy. October 19, 1831.. -Thirdly, That it would cut off the effect the creation of peers would produce in foreign countries ; where the

From the LONDON GAZETTE, character of the English nation is at this FRIDAY, October 14, 1831. moment traduced and vilified, in a way

INSOLVENT. which nothing but a vigorous movement

MADDOCK, W., Portsea, coal-merchant. can put an end to.--Fourthly, which is of vastly more importance than all BANKRUPTCY ENLARGED. the others together, That if it is not WALMSLAY, F., Parliament-street, lodgingdone, and that without delay, the people house-keeper. of England will conduct themselves as

BANKRUPTS. on the certainty of final disappointment, BOWER, G., Chipping Barnet, Hertfordshire. with all those evils to the country which linen-draper. are the necessary consequences.

Give COATES, W., Saint Martin's-lane, Charingus our forty-two Peers, and then Mi- cross, woolen-draper. nisters may take a month or two of re- FORREST, J., Bradford, Yorks., inn-keeper.

DAVENPORT, T., Derby dealer and chapman. creation without danger ; and the nation SPIER, J., Berkeley, Gloucestershire, wine will be content to have reform when and spirit merchant. it can get it. The pretence that the TANNER, J., Little Russel-street, CoventPeers would reject the bill in revenge TÂYLOR,G, B., Liverpool, linen and woollen

garden, cordwainer. for their numbers being increased, is an draper. invention of the enemy ;-they would TAYLOR, J.P., Strand, wine-mercht. no more do it, than they would jump TIDMARSH, G., Bow-street, Covent-garden,

coffee-house-keeper. overboard to revenge being crowded in a steam-packet.

UNDERWOOD, W. R., Coaley-mills, Glou. Refuse it, and

cestershire, wrought iron and edge tool whatever may be the consequences,




WEST, J. G., late of Forncett Saint Peter, i Wheat

52s. to 62s. * Norfolk, shopkeeper.


34s. to 38s. WILLIAMS, J., Pontypool, Monmouthsire, Barley

24s. to 32s. shopkeeper.



Peas, White

34s, to 36s. Boilers

33s. to 40s. M'GLASHAN, J., Edinburgh, wine-mercht.


34s, to 40s. SOUTER, J., and W. Reid, Edinburgh,

Beans, Old ......

35s. to 38s. builders.


37s. to 40s. Oats, Potatoe

26s. to 31s. TUESDAY, October 18, 1831.


25s. to 28s. INSOLVENTS.


19s. to 24s. KEMPSTER, W. H., Kingston-on-Thames,

Flour, per sack

60s, to 65 Surrey, rectifier and wine-merchant.

KNIGHT, T., Edgeware, Middlesex, victual.

Bacon, Middles, new, -s. to-s. per cwt.

Sides, new... 50s. to 52s. GIBSON, J., Northwich, Cheshire, victualler.

Pork, India, new.. 126s. d. to --s. Od. BANKRUPTS.

Pork, Mess, new... 60s. Od. to 65s. per bari. BOOTH, W., late of Salford, grocer.

Butter, Belfast 96s. to -S. per cwt.

Carlow 95s. to 98s. CATTLÉ, C., Whixley, Yorkshire, caitle

Cork 96s, to -S. dealer.

Limerick ..965. to -S. COX, S., Bath, boarding-house keeper.

Waterford..685. to 92s. FOX, J., Gravesend, cheesemonger,

Dublin ....-S. to --S. HARPER, T., Dudbridge Wharf, near Stroud, coat-dealer and wharfinger.

Cheese, Cheshire. ...60s. to 80s. JONES, J., New-road, Whitechapel-road,

Gloucester, Double..56ş. to 63s. stationer and rag-merchant.

Gloucester, Single... 485. to 54s.

Edam LEWIS, L., late of Chelsea, now of Piccadilly,

.......46s. to 50s. Gouda

44s. to 48s. glass and china-dealer. NEWMAN, R., Old Cavendish-street, Ca

Hams, Irish.... 42s. to 54s. vendish-square, victualler.

SMITHFIELD-October 17. ROBERTS, C., Liverpool, miller. RAWLING, J., Keltan Mill, Cumber, miller. This day's supply of beasts was rather SANSUM, E., Oxford-street, straw-hat man. great; of sheep, fat calves, and porkers, but SCOTT, T., Mauchester, commission-agent. limited. The trade with beef and pork was, SHAW, W., Huddersfield, victualler. on the whole, dull, at Friday's quotations; SKILBECK, G. J., and J. Slater, King-street, with mutton and veal brisk, the former at an

Cheapside and Manchester, warehousemen. advance of 4d., the latter 4d. to 6d. per stone. STRONG, R., Thomas-street, St. George's in The stock was of fair average quality. the East, baker.

Beasts, 3,585; sheep and lambs, 18,500 ; THOMAS, R., late of Glyn, Glamorganshire, calves, 169; pigs, 200.

cattle-dealer. WEBSTER, T. H., Forebridge, Staffordshire, MARK-LANE.-Friday, Oct. 21. builder.

The arrivals this week are good. Prices


THE FUNDS. 17.--Supplies, since this day se'nnight of En


Fri. ¡ Sat. Mon. Tues. Wed., Thur. Cent.

per glish, Scotch, and Irish wheat, as well as En

Cons. Ann. 815 813 793 824 825 82 glish malt, barley, beans, and peas, have been moderately good; of Eoglish flour (10,782 sacks), and foreign linseed (4,000 quarters), great; of foreigi wheat, Scotch and Irish COBBETT-LIBRARY. barley; Irish, Scotch, and foreign flour; as also oats, rye, and (with above exception) COBBETT’S Spelling-Book ; seeds from all quarters, but limited.

(Price 2s,) As this day's market was rather numerously attended extensive buyers, the sellers were such a book, a clear and concise

Containing, besides all the usual matter of for a considerable time after its commencement

INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR. stiff to advanced prices, which they were said

This I have written by way of? to obtain, to the amount of about Is. per

A Stepping Stoner to my own

oats, rye, and barley, but subsequently the trade became throughout dull, at nothing be- Such a thing having been frequently sug.. yond last week's prices.

gested to me by Teachers as necessary.

1. ENGLISH GRAMMAR:-Of this 2. AN ADDRESS to the PEERS of GREAT work sixty thousand copies have now been BRITAIN on the abolition of the Hereditary published. This is a duodecimo volume, and Peerage of France, by O. P.Q. of the Morn. the price is 3s. bound in boards.

ing Chronicle, price ld. or 5s. per hundred. 2. An ITALIAN GRAMMAR, by SUBSTANTIAL REASONS, in the shape of

3. THE LORDS AND TIE BILL! or Mr. James PAUL COBBetr.—Being a Plain Public Money, for the votes of the majority, and Compendious Introduction to the Study I with various importart matters connected of Italian. Price 6s.

with the Boroughinongers, price ld. or 5s. 3. COTTAGE ECONOMY.- I wrote per hundred. this Work professedly for the use of the la

London : W. Strange 21 Paternoster Row, bouring and middling classes of the English and all Booksellers. nation. I made myself acquainted with the best and simplest modes of making beer and , ,


THE , Cows, Pigs, Bees, and Poultry, matters which I understood as well as any body could, and Afternoon Edition of The ENGLISHMAN, admi. in all their details. It includes my writings rably adapted for the Country, will in future be also on the Straw Plait. A Puodecimo to published at No. 170, Strand. The publication lume. Price 2s. fid.

will take place every Saturday Afternoon, at

Four o'clock, in time for the Post, by which it 4. YEAR'S RESIDENCE IN AME- may be received on Suudays 200 miles from RICA.-The Price of this book, in good print London. As a Family Newspaper, The ENand on fine paper, is 5s.

GLISHMAN stands unrivalled; not a line, or an 5. The ENGLISH GARDENER; or, advertisement, of an immoral tendency, is a Treatise on the situation, soil, enclosing' and allowed under any circumstances, to staiu its laying out, of Kitchen Gardens ; on the mak-pages. Tux ENGLISHMAN is a twenty-folioing and managing of Hot-beds and Green-column. Journal

, the same size and price as houses; and on the propagation and cultiva.

T'HE OBSERVER. The paper upon which it is tion of all sorts of Kitchen Garden Plants, and printed is an excellent sort, and the type of Fruit Trees, whether of the Garden or the almost new. Indeed, for variety, quantity, Orchard. And also, on the formation of and quality, it is the most perfect, in speaking Shrubberies and Flower Gardens. Price 6s.

of Sunday Newspapers, it is proverbial to say,

The ENGLISHMAN is almost a library in itself, 6. THE WOODLANDS; or, a Treatise on the preparing of the ground for plant. ing; on the planting, on the cultivating, on the pruning, and on the cutting down, of Fo.

CHEAP CLOTHING!! rest Trees and Underwoods. Price 14s. bound SWAIN AND CO., Tailors, &c., in boards,

93, Fleet-STREET, 7. SERMONS.-There are twelve of (Near the new opening to St. Bride's Church,) these, in one volume, on the following sub. jets : 1. Hypocrisy and Cruelty ; 2. Drunken- REQUEST the attention of tlie public to ness ; 3. Bribery 4. Oppression ; 5. Unjust only) which they charge for :

the following list of prices for cash! Judges ; 6. The Sluggard; 7. The Murderer ; Gentlemen's Dress Coats of Medley l. s. d. 8. The Gamester; 9. Public Robbery; 10. The Colours.

2 12 0 Unnatural Mother ; 11. The Sin of Forbidding Ditto, ditto, Best Saxony Cloth.... 3

0 0 Marriage; 12. On the Duties of Parsons, avd Saxony Kerseymere Trousers..

180 on the Institution and Object of Tithes. Price Ditto ditto Waistcoats.

12 0 3s. 6d. bound in boards.

Figured Silk ditto. A Thirteenth Sermon, entitled “GOOD Venetian Learber Shooting Jackets.. 1 10 0

18 0 FRIDAY; or, The Murder of Jesus Christ Barogan


1 8 0 by the Jews.” Price 6d.

A Plain Suit of Livery..

4 4 0 8. TULL'S HORSE-HOEING Ladies' Habits and Pelisses, and every deHUSBANDRY; or, a Treatise on the Prin- scription of Clothing for young gentlemen, ciples of Tillage and Vegetation. With an Inequally cheap. The whole made from goods troduction, by WM. COBBETT. 8vo. Price 15s. of the finest quality, and the cut and workTo be had at No. 11, Bolt-court Fleet-street. MANSHIP not to be surpassed.

I recommend Messrs. Swain and Co.

as very good and punctual tradesmen, This day is published, price two-pence, whom I have long employed with great

16 pp. 8vo.,



Editor of the Political Magazine.

Printed by William Cobbett, Johnson's-court; and published by him, atll, Bolt-codrt, Fleet-street.

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