« ZurückWeiter »
“ interval of repose
with a requisition for a meeting at will be prorogued till February. This
midnight, we suppose he would have is my belief! “ rear the requisitionists a lecture on On the subject of reform the Speech “ their inattention to decorum, in ap- contained the following :-“In the proaching him at so unseasonable an
which hour. The people, no doubt, would " be afforded you, I am sure it is un“ have answered, 'An hour's repose, necessary for me to recommend to more or less, at a crisis like this, when “
you the most careful attention to the " the safety of the Empire is at stake," preservation of tranquillity in your re“ is of small moment; and therefore we
spective counties. The anxiety which " have thought it better to disturb you “ has been so generally manifested by " at midnight than to lose an opportu-" my people for the accomplishment of
nity of meeting without delay.' For- " a constitutional reform in the Comtunately decorum yielded to a strong mons House of Parliament, will, I
sense of duty, and out of a popula- trust, be regulated by a due sense of " tion of 20,000, no fewer than 10,000 “ the necessity of order and modera“ met in the open air, in the manner so “ tion in their proceedings. To the "much extolled by our Northern Con- " consideration of this important ques
temporary. Mr. Campbell may sup- ' tion the attention of Parliament must pose he is assisting ministers by read- " necessarily again be called at the ing lectures to the people on the opening of the ensuing session; and propriety of being more measured in
you may be assured of my unaltered " their enthusiasm, more moderate in “ desire to promote its settlement, by " their dislikes, and more indifferent to " such improvements in the representa6 the public tranquillity. The tone tion as may be found necessary for --| " assumed by him did not, however,“ securing to my people the full enjoy seém very palatable in the House. "
ment of their rights, which, in com“ Colonel Evans said he should be “ bination with those of the other orders
wanting in his duty, after what he “ of the state, are essential to the sup" had heard, if he did not honestly state" port of our free constitution." “his opinion, that both the spiritual “ and temporal welfare of the people " would be better consulted if the “ Bishops were not to belong to the
The Surrey meeting, on Thursday, " House of Lords."
I must state next week. I cannot do In all this I agree, and particularly in justice to it here. It was an interesting what is said about the Bishops. There must be a change with regard to them. He, of Winchester, has two palaces and the interest. of the money for which a I hear, and believe, that the big third palace was sold! His income is Whigs in Essex have had a private not less than forty thousand pounds a meeting, and have resolved not to have year, while there are curates starving a county meeting. It was intimated, that upon thirty pounds, and a plenty of the Government did not wish for public them too. Poh! Lord Grey; you may meetings at present. be waspish at the “ abrupt intrusion" of the people, but this scandalous abuse cannot remain.
A county meeting is to be held at
Winchester, on the 26th instant (Wed-
W. COBBETT. fourteen days. And I believe that it.
you will get no reform; and with the mere pen,
I can do more here than I BOROUGHMONGERS.
can there, and the sea is between me Kensington, 17th October, 1831. “and Sidmouth and Castlereagh." But BOROUGIMONGERS,
the next year, it pleased God, in his OTHERS put their publications in mercy to England, to raise up the remourning at the rejection of the Reform nowned statesman Peel, aided and Bill by the Lords : I, if I knew how, abetted by Ricardo, Tierney, old Gren« * would decorate mine with laurels and ville, and the like of them; and he sent garlands. Others rave and stamp and forth his RENOWNED BILL.
I got it in foam with indignation : I laugh, and August, and instantly made preparations wish that there were combinations of for my return ; and got home in Noletters wherewith to express the sounds vember. For, the moment I saw the of hearty risibility. Many reasons tend bill
, I exclaimed, “ There comes reform to the producing of this feeling in me; at last !” but I will, for the present, rest
satisfied You are a stupid set; but if you with stating one of them, which, stupid thirty years of age, you must have seen as you are as well as insolent, will, if the thing gradually approaching from you look well at it, make you scratch that day to this. In 1822, the thing was your heads.
You have little sense, I at hand, but was stopped for three years know; but you must be quite beasts by the prolonged issue of one-pound not to feel the force of the facts that I notes; that is to say, by a part repeal of am about to state, and which I do not Peel's bill. This however, brought on state for the purpose of enlightening you, the PANIC of 1825 and 1826, which, as or putting you upon your guard ; not at the "great statesman,” Huskisson, said, all for the purpose of giving you useful brought us, under this well-working advice, or of inducing you to do any- Parliament, " to within forty-eight hours thing, or to leave any-thing undone; but of barter !” Indeed, it was touch-andfor the sole purpose of mortifying you, so, when the OLD LADY slept with an and of letting you see, that I, whose ORDER IN Council under her, pillow. views and designs were so much cen- To prevent this danger for the future, sured by BoscawÊU, Herbert, old Ser- the one-pounders were to cease in EngJEANT Best, and my Lord LYNDHURST, land in April, 1829; and when that law have reason for laughing, while others was passed, or rather passing, 1-told the are filled with alarm and despair. well-working Parliament, that if they
Hundreds of times did I tell Major enforeed that law, without taking off CARTWRIGHT, that there never would more than one-half of the tares, they be Reform to any extent, as long as the would plunge the country into a state of paper-money system remained unshaken. ruin and misery such as the world had Since that time, it has had some pretty never witnessed; and that I KNEW this. furious shakes. A million and a half as well as I knew that fire burned. of us, petitioned for reform in 1817; and The ruin has come; tho misery hasthough we had all the arguments that come; the fires have come ; and the LORD John RusseLL has now urged in REFORM has, at last, peeped out, and support of his bill, we were crammed is struggling for vent!
And do you into dungeons, or driven into exile, for imagine, that the great manufacturers our pains, and that too with the loudly- and merchants and bankers are crying expressed approbation of those “mer- for Reform, because they have been chants and bankers of London," who now converted to a love of popular rights! demand reform in a much bolder strain Bah! as the French say : you are not. than we did at that time. In 1818, in quite stupid enough for that, I think. answer to a letter, in which the Major Do you imagine, that the YEOMANRY pressed me to return from Long Island, Cavalry have, all of a sudden, become I said, “When there is a hole made in the enamoured of the Goddess of Liberty! paper, I will return; but until then They would kick the Goddess to the
devil; or, at least, chop her down, if «. We, the undersigned Iron Masters and she had nothing in store for the relief of Coal Masters, of the Staffordshire Iron and their pockets. Oh, no! the Chopsticks represent to his Majesty's Government 'the
Coal district, think it our duty respectfully to have made them raise their wages; following facts : these they cannot pay and pay tithes •6• 1. That for the last five years, ever since and taxes also; they see that they what is called the panic of 1825, we have fouad, cannot again get down the wages, and
with very slight intermissions, a continually
increasing depression in the prices of the prothat Reform is necessary to relieve them ducts of industry, and more particularly in from the tithes and taxes. Therefore those of Pig Iron and Bar Iron, which have are they reformers: therefore they failen respectively from upwards of 8l. per lon, throw their lusty arms round the waist to under 31. per ton, and from 151. per ton, tó
under 51. per ton. of the Goddess, and you will have "62. Against this alarming and long-conjob of it,” if you get her from their ar- tinued depression, we have used every possible dent embraces.
effort in our power to make head. We have But I am now about to show you, in practised all manner of economy, and have
bad recourse to every possible improveinent detail, and from authentic documents, in the working of our mines and manufachow the great manufacturers have been tories. Our workmen's wages have, in many converted to the cause of reform, and instances, been greatly reduced, and such rewhy it is that those of Birmingham Juctiou has been attended with, and effected are more ardent than those of any other the royalties, rents, contracts, and other en
very great suffering and distress : but of the great towns. I wonder whether gagements, uuder which we hold our reyou will be so stupid as not to attend to spective works and mines, have scarcely been what I am now about to lay before you ! reduced at all, nor can we get them effectually You may ; but other people will not. If reduced, because the law enforces their payment
in full. you do attend to it, you will despair of 63. The prices of the products of our inbeing able to prevent reform. Here is dustry having thus fallen within the range of the security for the triumph of Reform! tlie fixed charges and expenses which the law Here it is, and this is what makes me compels us to discharge, the just and veces
sary prófits of our respective trades have ceased laugh, while others put their papers in to exist; and in many cases a positive loss atmourning. Poor Trevor ascribed the tends them. cry of reform to my writings ; Baring
666 4th. Under these circumstances, we and WELLINGTON ascribed it to the of conduct our interests and our duties require
have long hesitated ju determiniog what line French Revolution: I am going to show us to adopt :- If we should abandun our reyou, to prove to you in detail and offi. spective trades, our large and expensive outcially, that the cry has been produced lays in machinery and erections must be saby Peel's WRITINGS ! That Peel and crificed, at an enormous loss to ounselves, and
onr honest and ineritorious workmen must be his co-operators have ALL the merit of thrown in thousands upon parishes, already it ; and that not a particle of that merit too much impoverished by their present bur. belongs to me.
dens, to support them :--and if we should
continue our respective trades, we see nothing "At a Meeting of the Staffordshire Iron but the prospect of increasing distress, and Trade, held at Dudley, the 4th of October, certain ruin to all around us. 1831; MICHAEL GRAZEBROOK, Esq. in the ««5th. In our humble opinion, the great Chair.
cause which has been mainly instrumental in “It was resolved, that this meeting cannot producing this depression and distress in our but regard with considerable anxiety and ap- respective trades, aud among the productive préheusiun the present appalling and long- classes of the country generally, is the attempt continued depression in the prices of iron, and to render the rents, taxes, royalties, and the which they attribute mainly to the injurious other various engagements and obligatious of operation of the existing laws relating to the the country, convertible by law into gold, currency.
at 31. 178. 104d. per oz. This low and anti" That the following Memorial of the Iron quated price of the metallic staudard of value and Coal Trade be presented to Earl Grey, hy is no longer capable of effecting a just aud a deputation, and that a copy thereof be sent equilable distribution of our products between to the chairman of the Welch trade, request the producer and the consumer; it renders ing the concurrence and co-operation of the incompatible the permanent existence of regentlemen of that districi in its prayer ;- munerative prices, without such a reduction of
“ Meinorial to the Right Honourable Earl taration as we cannot hope to see effected in Grey, First Lord of his Majesty's Treasury. time to afford us any relief-and it thus, tends,
ultimately and surely, to destroy the industry " distress, and the felunions alterations and the peace and bappiness of the country.
" of the currency during the last fifty "66th. That until the establishmen: of a circulating medium of a charucter better suited
years. In the Staffordshire Iron distn the various and complicated demands of so- "trict it is computed that there are ciety, and to the increased transactions and“ about 128 furnaces. Of these, perpopulation of the country, and more competent “ haps, a dozen are in ruins or unserto effect an interchange and preserve a reinunerating level of prices in the products of in
“ viceable ; 59 rere out of blast (“blown dustry, generally, we can see no prospect of
out," in technical phraseology) in any permanent restoration of the prosperity of" February, 1830 ; 41 in July, 1830; our trades, or of the country being able to es- " and 49 of the 128 are now out, leaving cape the most frightful sufferings' and con.
" about 19 now in blast. The average vulsions, “!. 7. We, therefore, most respectfully, but
“ make of a Staffordshire - furnace is very earnestly, request the early atteution of " about fifty tons per week. So much bis Majesty's Government to these great facts “ for the jargon of over production. A aud considerations, and we trust they will re
“ few facts from the trade from those commend to Parliament the speedy establish: ment of some just, adequate, and eficient cur- " practically conversant with and inte. rency, which may properly support the trade“ rested in our staple manufactures, are and cominerce of the country, and preserve “ worth a sack of theories and treatises." such a remunerating level of prices as may ensure to the employers of labour the fair
So much of the great creatite conand. reasonable profits of their capital and industry, as well as the means of paying the cerns. And now, how stands it with just and necessary wages to their workmen.'
dealers in, and the makers of, manufacThis document was published in the
tured goods? Here we have it, borough
Here we have the real Morning Chronicle of this day (17th of mongers ! October), with the signatures at the cause of the cry, at Birmingham, for bottom of it, and with these remarks Parliamentary Reform. If this cause of appended :-" We are thus particular the cry had been wanting, never should “ in citing the whole of this extraordinary statement, with the highly-re
we have heard of the “ POLITICAL spectable names attached to it, and Union” and of its “Council.” And, " which unquestionably rouch for the boroughmongers, mind, this cause must
accuracy of its facts, because we know be removed, before the cry will cease. " that it is often extremely convenient Reform is not called for on abstract to say
that memorials are 'got up " and preferred from party or private principles, or to gratify any whim : it is " views. But here is a solemn docu- called for as something that will put an
ment, signed by nearly three-fourths end to the ruin that is going on; and " of the Staffordshire iron trade which ruin is so clearly set forth in the " (and we are informed subsequently following table, just compiled and
by nearly all the Shropshire iron published at Birmingham. Look at it, masters), with representations of boroughmongers, and then have the "prices and make, which cannot brass to continue to say, that this sort " be fictitious. The above signa. of Parliament has worked well; have the “ tures alone comprehend the firnis of brass to say, that this Parliament has
upwards of sirty blast furnaces, iak- not been the real cause of all this ruin. “ing from 3,000 to 3,500 tons of pig Such a 'picture of ruin no eyes ever " iron per week; and giving employ- before beheld ; no war, none of the
ment and support to many thousand causes of ruin in trade was ever equal in large families--all, be it observed, im- effect to the acts of this Parliament. If "bued with the strongest opinions on the acts had been passed for the express "reform, and bitter hatred of the bo- and avowed object of producing ruin, " roughmongers-attributing to the they could not have been more effectual. " machinations of the oligarchy the Look at the picture; and then hear me
great causes of alternate seasons of again.
COMPARATIVÉ PRICES OF HARDWARE, MANUFACTURED IN AND NEAR
| Prices in 1818. | Prices in 1824, | Prices in 1828. | Prices in 1830. Anvils...
..258. per cwt. .. 20s. per cwt. ..16s. per cwt. 13s. per cwt. Awls, polished Liverpool 23. 6d. per gross., 28. per gross
.. ls. 6d. per gross .. 1s. 2d. per gross Bed Screws, 6 inches long...... .18s. per gross ., 15s. per gross .. 6s. per gross
5s. per gross Bolts for doors, 6 inches
6s. per dozen bs. per dozen 2s. 3d. per doz. Is. 6d. per doz. Braces for carpenters, 12 bits 9s. per set
6s. 3d. per set 4s. 2d. per set 3s, 5d. per set Bits, tinned, for bridles........ 5s. per dozen 5s. per dozen 3s. 3d. per doz. 2s. 6d. per doz. Buttons for coats.............. 4s. 6d. per gross.. 4s. per gross
3s. per gross
.. 2s. 2d. per gross Buttons, for waistcoats, &c. .. 2s. per gross
... 2s. per gross
88. per gross Currry combs, six barr'd ...... 2s. 9d. per doz... 2s. 6d. per doz. 1s. 5d. per doz. ild: per doz. Candlesticks, 6 inches, brass .. .. 2s. Ild. per pair.. 2s. per pair ls. 7d. per pair 1s. 2d. per pair Commode knobs, brass, 2 inches 4s. per doz.
doz 1s. 6d. per doz. Is. 2d. per doz. Frying pans
..25s. per cwt. ..21s. per cwt. ..18s. per cwt. .,16s. per cwt. Hinges, çast butts, 1 inch...... 10d. per doz... 7 d. per doz... 3 d. per doz... 29d. per doz. Shoe hammers, No. 0........ 6s. 9d.
.. 3s. 9d. per doż. 3s. per doz. 2s. Id. per doz.. Latches for doors, bright thumb 23. 3d. per doz. 2s. 2d. per doz. 1s. per doz.
9d. per doz. Locks for doors, iron rim, 6 in. 38s. per dozen ..32s. per dozen .. 15s. per doz. ..13s. 6d. per doz. Locks for guns, single roller.... 6s, each
5s, 2d. each ls. 10d. each
..1s. 6d. each Plated stireips.......
4s. 6d. per pair 3s. 9d. per pair 1s. 64. per pair Is. Id, per pair Sad, irons and other castings ..228. 6d. per cwt. ..20s. per cwt. .. 14s. per cwt. ..lls. 6d. per cwt. Shovel and tongs, fire irons 1s. per pair .. ls. per pair
9d. per pair 6d. per pair Tinned table spoons
..178. per gross
7s. per gross Trace chains......
..28s. per cwt. ..25s. per cwt. ..19s. Od. per cwt. ..16s. 61. per cwt. Vices for blacksmiths, &c...... ..30s. per cwt. ..28s. per cwt. .. 223. per cwt, .. 19s. 6d. per cwt. Japanned tea-trays, 30 inches .. 4s. 6d, each
Is. 5d. each
9s. per bundle
bundle Brass wire.. 1s. 10d. per Ib. 1s. 4d. per lb. 1s. per lb.
9d. per lb.
There, boroughmongers! That's the and "over-production ;” let it not, in cause of Reform! Teach the 199, in- the Ministerial slang, be ascribed to .. cluding the 21 Bishops, how to get causes “over which the Government had over that! Some people talk of RYDER no coutrol.” Look at the prices of as the new Minister. Tackle it, Ryder! 1818; look at the progressive ruin ; Will you put out paper-inoney, and raise see how exactly it keeps pace with the prices ? Do, Ryeler ! I wish you would; Acts of Parliament, affecting the curfor then I could pay your tax-gatherer rency; and you will trace the ruin to
and carry on my business in those Acts as clearly as you trace the gold. Will you not do that? Then hanging of poor Cook of Micheldever the ruin must become greater every to the Act of Ellenborough, improved day, unless you take off the taxes ; and I by Lansdown. Cook was certainly if
you do that, you cannot pay the in- hanged according to law; but not, more :terest of the debt, unless you take the certainly than thousands of industrious church and other public property. Lord and virtuous families have been reduced LYNDHURST (for I don't niind Boscawen, from competency to beggary by that Herbert, and old Serjeant Best) found series of laws, of which Peel's Bill fault with ny thirteen Manchester pro- was the first. positions ; but will his Lordship,strow But it may be said, that, at any rate, us any other way out of this difficulty ? the Parliament did not intend to cause And if he cannot, it did not, I think, be such ruin. And is that a defence ? It come him to cite these propositions as might do, indeed, as a plea for pardon an argument against the Reform Bill for the past : but what can it.avail as a
Let it not be said that the Parliament ground for future trust? At the very could not help this ruin ; let it not, in, best, it has been, for many years, doing the language of Sir HENRY PARNELL and what it did not intend to do; or, in Tooke, be ascribed to "over-trading" other words, it has not known what it