« ZurückWeiter »
to the side of the road on which he swer :-" I receive with satisfaction the passes ; and, when I saw him go by, expression of your loyalty and attachand heard the shouts of the people, I “ment to my person and government, could not help thinking of that salutary " and of your confidence in my constitujourney that the King and Queen of" tional advisers. You may be assured France took from "Versailles to Paris, " of my sincere desire to uphold and to in the year of the demolition of the improve the securities afforded by the Bastile ; which journey, had it been fol- " constitution for the maintenance of lowed, as I trust this journey of our the just rights of my people, and you King will, by a resolution to accede with " may rely on my continued disposition sincerity to the just wishes of the peo- “ to further the adoptior of such meaple, that bloody Revolution, which after. " sures as may seem best calculated for wards took place in France, would have “ that purpose. For the safe and sucbeen prevented. When the King, ac- “ cessful accomplishment of such companied by the Queen, arrived at the measures it is, above all things, nepalace, they were received by the cheers “ cessary that they sliould be discussed of, probably, a hundred thousand peo- “ with calınness and deliberation : and ple. Soon after their arrival came the “ I eari tly recommend to yon to use Lord Mayor, some of the Aldermen and/" all the influence you justly possess Common Council of the City of Lon-" with your fellow-citizens, for the purdon, with their address, passing along" pose of preserving the public peace about two miles distance from the Guild- " from any interruption by acts of viohall to the palace of St. James, amidst the ". lence and commotion." shouts of the people. At the same time, With this answer, there is no fault to the great parishes, headed by their com- be found. It goes as far as the King mittees, and carrying banners and pla- could well have gone without becoming cards, having on them words descriptive undignified. The Common Council of the feelings and wishes of the people, had, to speak in plain words, prayed arrived with their addresses. The order, him to keep his present Ministers and the regularity, the judicious and peace. to make a new creation of peers, and able manner, in which all this was con. thereby to cause the Reform Bill to ducted, must have astonished and con- pass; and this, taking the address into founded those foreign creatures, who view, he tells them that he will do, if are said to have been jumping for joy such new creation shall become neceswhen they heard of the vote of the sary for effecting the object of their House of Lords against the Reform prayer. Bill, and who are said to have instantly After presenting their addresses, the sent off intelligence of it to Austria, people gradually dispersed; and the Holland, Prussia, Russia and other evening and night passed off without places upon the continent. When these any-thing beyond a trifling smashing of creatures saw, if they did see, upon the windows and a hustling and kicking white flag of the parish of Marybonne, and beating of Lord LONDONDERRY. “ The King, the Commons, the People's This was very reprehensible; and for Rights; "and, upon other flags, " Equal the act itself, every one must be sorry; Rights, " " Union is Strength;” and the but in a case of such general ferment, like, they must have begun to think and with the passions of hundreds of that all was not over ; that all had not thousands so much excited, who is to been decided when the bishops and the wonder that now and then an act of rest of the one hundred and ninety-nine violence should occur, even from mere had given their votes against the bill. accident, without any forethought, and
The King always gives a written an- really without any violent disposition swer to petitions or addresses which he in the persons committing the act. In receives from the Common Council of short, it is impossible that such things the city of London ; and upon this oc- should not occur under such circumcasion he gave them the following an- stances, and it must be a subject of ad
miration with every candid man in the oak and cedar, and the tapestry hangings of world, that so little violence should have Queen Anue, with every-thing it contained, been committed in such a state of
are consumed. This morning the mobs have
again assembled ; their first exploit was to things, amongst such swarms of people force a way into the Castle-yard, to gluat over all assembled upon the same spot. the complete devastation-none but the ex
In the country the acts of violence ternal walls being left standing. The mail have been of a more serious character.
was expected by them to bring some intelli
gence from the metropolis ; but they expressed. I insert as a specimen the following in their conviction that the reports, that all was telligence from Nottingham and Derby, quiet there, were delusive. The return of two of the finest towns in the whole night is dreaded. An hour ago I saw from kingdom.
the park bills a vast voluine of smoke and fire
arising at Beeston, three miles distant, said to NOTTINGHAM, Tuesday (Three o'Clock).We are here in the most dreadful state of in-mob have never came into direct collision with
be the factory of Mr. Lowe, of this town, The subordination and riot.. After the meeting in the military, and have continued to ilisperse the Market-place, notwithstanding every exbortation to peace, the multitudes went away that the mischief has been done. Saveral
on their approach ; but it was always happened with lowering brows, and a gentleman of long gentlemen's seats, and some large manufacexperience observed that he never less liked tories, have been threatened. The rioters are the people's looks. The windows of many principally young men and boys from the persons in all parts of the towu were broken, country, to the number of 3,000 or 4,000. It and a windmill on the Forest nearly demolish is said that many of the Derby mob are ed. "Towards dusk an immense niob went through Snenton ; at Nutintone-place they have commenced to-day, are postponede All
amongst them. The races, which should tore down an immense range of iron palisades, the shops are closed. and armed with these, they marched to Col.
NOTTINGHAM.-wick-ball, the seat of Jobn Musters, Esat.,
:-(Extract of a Private Letter.) about two miles distant, demolished all the
"It appears by the papers you have sent me windows, broke and tore to pieces the furnithat London is not so turbulent, and I sinture, and set fire to the house iu two places; cerely hope it will be tranquil, and set an exit was afterwards extinguished without much ample to the kingdom. Mr. G. has just told injury. The speed with which a mob sepa.
me Mrs. Musters died from excessive fright. rated, met again in a fixed place, committed How it will end, God only knows. No lives the outrages, and again dispersed, showed that have as yet been lost. All business is sus. some cool heads had the command. They peuded; all the shops in the market-place returned at night-fall into Nottingham, many
have their shutters up, and many are totally hundreds armed with immense pieces of wood, closed. Mr. Lowe's mill, at Beeston, is on from Colwick, and not a few with concealed fire at the present moment (two o'clock, P.M.); fire-arms. A vast number of special con. what violent acts further the mob may do stables were sworn in, and called together by cannot be foretold, and how they are to be the rioging of the great bell. About seven put a stop to I know not."" o'clock an attack was made on the town-house Derby, Oct. 9. (Half.past six o'clock, P.M.) of correction, which contains a vast number -“The town still continues in a dreadful of prisuners; the outer door was forced, when, state of excitement. An immense body of on the arrival of the 15th Hussars, and the people have proceeded to Little Chester, and civil force, the mob instantly dispersed by the have entirely destroyed the front of Mr. John numerous streets wbich there unite. In half Harrison's house returning back, almost an hour the Royal Castle of Nottingham, every house was attacked, and scarcely a now the property of the Duke of Newcastle, window remained whole; but the anti-rewas discovered to be on fire, aud before aid formers shared much the worst fate. The could arrive, was so, completely in flames, that disturbances continued the whole of the night, all attempts to save it were in vain ; indeed, and the greatest excesses were committed. from its vast height above the reach of water, The banking-house of Messrs. Crompton the whole population could scarcely have been suffered dreadfully; every window was forced effectual in checking its progress. It blazed in. Mr. Haden's, surgeon, shared the same away in awful grandeur till near eleven fate; and I am sorry to say, Mr. Haden's son, o'clock, when it begau to abate, but continued Henry, was killed by the mob. The night to flare and smoke throughout the night. It was very dark; every lamp was broken. The must have been a terrible beacon to the sur- soldiers paraded the streets the whole of the rounding country, being situated on a rock of night, but owing to the darkness were of little forty-five perpendicular yards” height above use. Many shots were fired, and, I fear, the meadows. A heavy shower of rain, of many wounded ; one man was shot in King. very long continuance, prevented further mis, street, who is not expected to live. chief that night. This beautiful edifice was Oct. 10, (Two o'clock, P.m.)-An immense more than a hundred yards from any other body of people are now assembled, and the building ; it was not recently inhabited. Its worst consequence is to be feared; business is magnificent stair-cases and floorings of black quite at a stand, the shops all shut, manu, factories at a stand, and the greatest fear horts the people to be quiet as lambs, lest prevails of the result of to-vight. It is cur: they should defeat the Reform Bill, of rently reported that the manufactories will be the point of attack.
which he, four days before, expressed his Three o'clock.The Riot Act was read readiness to enter into a réconsideration. about an hour ago ; the soldiers are now firing Why, the people see that the Reform upon the people; two men are just shot--one Bill is defeated, and they see no revival dead, and the other, it is stated, cannot live of it, and no positive pledge that there long. Four o'clock.-The soldiers are using every these circumstances do the Ministers
shall be a revival of it; and under means to disperse the assembled multitudes; there is no doubt many lives will be lost before expect the people to be quiet ? I hope morning, as I can hear constant firing at this that they will be quiet and that they time."
will wait patiently to see what is to be It is probable, and I most anxiously done; but the question is, can the Mihope it, that the apparent resolution of nisters, consistent with their own declathe King to cause the bill to be carried rations a thousand times made, expect through, will quiet the people in the the people to be quiet in this state of country, not only in the great towns, things ? Let us see how this matter but in the villages, where the danger is stands : let us see what reason they still greater than in the towns; but it have for such expectation. is very foolish for men to flatter them- Nobody will dispute the truth of any selves with the hope that there will ever one of the following facts ; namely, be tranquillity in England again or in that the Duke could neither walk nor Scotland either, until this bill, or rather ride the streets in safety, on account of another bill, shall have passed into a his declared hostility to Parliamentary law. To exhort the people not to com- Reform ; that he quitted his office beo mit violences; to exhort them to sub- cause he could not carry on the Governmit to the laws; to exhort' them to ment without Reform ; that Lord Grey withhold their violent hands from the came into office upon the express ground property and the persons of their neigh- of making a parliamentary reform; that bours : this is the duty of every man the bill, when brought in, was grounded who has any influence over the minds upon the necessity of it to restore peace of the people; but to expect that his and harmony to the country; that the exhortations will have any effect unless ministers have all along insisted that, to accompanied with a statement of rea- pass the bill was absolutely necessary to sonable grounds for believing that the preserve the peace of the country, and bill will speedily pass, is foolishness of to prevent the people from taking the the higher order; is foolishness sublime work into their own hands; that during and supreme ; except that it may, pos- the late debates in the House of Lords, sibly, not surpass the foolishness of a great argument with those who urged telling the people that their violence the passing of the bill was, that the will prevent the bill from passing. Why, country would be convulsed, that upwe have church prayers for rain, in dry roar and violence would immediately seasons; but do we pray, at the same succeed if the bill were rejected ; that. time, not to be wet through? We desire the opponents of the bill called this inthe rain to fall upon the earth ; but do timidation and menace, but that the we desire that the rain shall not fall ministers answered that it was merely upon our heads when we are standing foretelling the natural consequences of upon that earth? To see the rejection the rejection. No one can deny any.one of the Reform Bill, and to expect no of these facts. The ministers were acviolence in consequence, is to belie all cused of inciting to violence by these that the people have been told by the foretellings, as their Attorney-General Ministers, and by all the supporters of accused me; but they answered, that the bill for six months past. I like the they were only giving a salutary warnpretty song of the Lord Chancellor of ing of the danger, while, at the same Wednesday night, very much : he ex-time, they pointed out the remedy. The
remedy was not adopted, and, there should confine themselves to petitioning fore, if they were sincere in their fore- and addressing, to the huzzaing of them bodings, as I was in mine, ought they and the groaning of their opponents. to have expected that the violences Now I beg leave, as the LORD Canwould not take place ? Mr. Hodges, CELLOR is “ready to reconsider” the one of the faithful members of the matter relative to the ten-pound voters ; county of Kent, told the House of Com- as he is so ready to reconsider this mat
The county which I have the ter, let me ask him 10 reconsider his “honour to represent is now tranquil, speech of last night, and to give me an " after being so terribly convulsed. I answer, yea or nay, to this questiop : Do " believe that it owes this tranquillity you believe, my Lord Brougham, that if entirely to the hope that this Bill will the boroughmongers could be made
pass; and I firmly believe that, if QUITE CERTAIN that the people " this Bill be rejected, the disturbances would NEVER DO ANY-THING but “ will break out again."
petition, address, huzza you, and hiss Therefore what a waste of words is und groan your opponents, that this bill,
what an abuse of reason is it, to ar- or that any reform at all, would EVER gue now as if no violence was to be ex- BE ADOPTED? If you be a true
Mr. Hodges, for instance, man, answer me that question, yea or must most anxiously wish that the nay; but before you do it, remember county of Kent should not again be con- that the bloody JEFFERIES, who once sat vulsed; but, is he not too just a man to on the very bench on which you now wish to deal harshly with the people, sit, when he had just condemned one of even if they were again to proceed to his scores of victims, and when the vicacts of violence? And have not the tim exclaimed, My blood be upon people been told, and by the Ministers your head," answered, laughing at the themselves, that they were not repre- same time, “ Let it! Let it! I am sented in Parliament; that their rights CLAMOUR-PROOF.” Hardened and had been usurped ; that the bill was ne- bloody as he was, he was not more comcessary to restore those rights to them, pletely clamour-proof than the boroughand to give them security for person and mongers are. property? This is what the Ministers It is therefore perfectly useless to themselves have told them a thousand send forth exhortations to peace and patimes over; and were they then to ex. tience without sending forth at the same pect that the people would be quiet time assurances as positive as can be when they saw this bill rejected, and given, that the Bill will finally pass. themselves thereby brought back to their Ihe Prime Minister and the King are, I former state, taxed, as Lord John Rus- sincerely believe, resolved upon the SELL himself expressed it, by nien who carrying of the measure; but people in had usurped their rights ?
general have not the same means of And, as to the way in which the people judging that I have. They are full of are to express their discontent: but, suspicions; with them all is uncertainty first of all, do the Ministers wish that and alarm; and, in order to prevent them the people should be quiet under the from proceeding to those acts of violence rejection of the bill ? Do they wish which the ministers themselves pot this? Well, in what way do they only anticipated, but expressly foretold, wish that the people should show their as the inevitable consequence of a rejec. discontent with the rejection of the bill? tion of the bill, those ministers should By petitioning and addressing? By now not lose a single moment in giving cheering the Ministers and groaning them an assurance that the bill will be their opponents? One recommends the carried; and of giving them an assurance, people by no means to withhold the taxes, too, that no change will be made in the and the LORD CHANCELLOR prays them bill to narrow the extent of the sufnot to proceed to breaches of the peace. frage in the great towns, and also, that They must then mean that the people 120 delay wiù take place in the revival of the bill. Upon these two subjects I standiog our respect and gratitude towards shall have a great deal to say, in my your uoble House, for its support of the meanext Register ; but, in the mean while, and our country, consent to serve under a Coa positive assurance ought to be given lonel who opposed a measure in the House of with regard to them ; for, without such Commons, and a Lord Lieutenant who is in the an assurance, after what was said by the majority in the House of Lords--for, if tuLord Chancellor about his "readiness to mults arise, which we sorrowfully auticipate, reconsider," who is to expect tranquillity people, we should be belying our politicat
as the consequence of refusing reform to the in the great towns ?
creed, should we be called out to fight against. The following intelligence has just
men whose cause we profess to espouse.
Maidstone, 10th Oct., 1831. reached me in the Maidstone Gazeite. RESIGNATION OF YEOMANRY CA.
These are the things which have VALRY.
made Lord WIARNCLIFF perceive that SIR,-As soon as the news of the rejection
“ the time has NOW arrived, when reof the Reform Bill arrived at Woolwich, a form can no longer be withheld.” The meeting took place of the members of the cry against the Bishops is most omiChiselhurst troop of Yeomanry Cavalry, commanded by Viscount Sidney, residing at
It may be hasty ; but who can Woolwich and Greenwich, when they came to say that it is unnatural ? Lord LYNDthe resolution of immediately sending in their HURST will now find, that I am not the resignation, together with their arms and ac- only man who is ready for an application coutrements, their motive for so doing being of what is called “ Church Property." that they were pledged reformers, and could not, consistently with their avowed priuciples, to public uses. I take the following continue any longer under the command of an from the Chronicle of this (Friday) anti-reformer : it being their primary object, morning. I see it in all the newspapers, at the formation of the troop, to support the and I hear that it is posted all over the King, and Earl Grey's administration. SAMUEL NOBÍE,
town. High Constable of the lower half hundred, 66 THE PEOPLE OF ENGLAND! Pay no more Blackheath.
“ Tithes! -no more Church Rates ! without Woolwich, Oct. 1831.
“ compulsion ; but, in God's name, do not RESIGNATION OF THE MAIDSTONE | contribute an extra mite, if necessary, to sup
“ withhold the payment of the Taxes ; rather YEOMANRY CAVALRY. On the reception of the intelligence of the “port the King and his Ministers in this fearful rejection of the Reform Bill, a private meet. emergency. Mark your
detestation of the ing of
some of the members of Lord “ haughty, beartless, and overgrown hierMarsham's Troop of Yeomanry Cavalry took place, at which the following do
archy, by absenting yourselves and families cument, which is now in course of signa- “ from your Parish Churches ! Let the proud ture, was agreed to be presented to their “ and pampered followers of the meek and noble and respected Captain : 6 To the Lord Viscount Marsham, Cap-« Remember it was the Bishops who caused
" lowly Jesus' preach to empty benches ! os tain of the Mote Troop Cavalry, &c., 6. &c., &c.
“ the bill to be rejected! If they had voted “ My Lord,-We the undersigned, mem- “ on the right side,' there would have bers of the Mote Troop, which you command, been a majority for the second reading ! with every respect for your Lordship's person,
“Be determined that the bishops no longer but with a gloomy apprehension that the re. jection of the Reform Bill by the House of “have seats in the house of Lords !-that Peers will be atteuded with most serious re.
" there shall be no parson magistrates l-in sults, beg to tender to you our respective “fine that the priesthood collectively shall resignations. « We enrolled ourselves under your Lord.
never again interfere with your secular conship’s command, to evince our loyalty towards
“cerns! Respect them as zealous and faithour patriotic King-our confidence in his po
“ful ministers of religion,-pay them libepular Ministers-aud our attachment to the “ rally; but call for an equalization of church great and vital measure of reform proposed
“property !--so that the drones shall no longer by them. Had this been passed, we would
“ fạtten on unchristian luxuries, while the have stood by your Lordship's side in all
“working clergy are worse off than the jourtimes of danger, for the protection of property
neymen mechanics i and person; but the bill being thrown out “ Becket, Printer, Paradise-buildings, in the House of Peers, we cannot potwith
“Stingo-lane, New road.".