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Lord Mulgrave had not real the petition," of their own hands ;, they have surjust presented by his noble Friend beside him “ rounded themselves with all the secu(Lord Holland); but he believed that the “ rities which an army and the absolute petitioners earnestly prayed their Lordships to pass the bill' now before them. (Hear, power of imprisonment at pleasure hear.)
can give them ; but be Lord Kenyon and the Marquess of West- “ that they tremble within. They are minster rose together, amidst loud cries for “ scared at the desolation which they the latter, to whuin at length Lord Kenyon
“ have brought upon the country. They gave way.
Lord Westminster said, that the motion" are compelled 'to smile upon the fundbefore the House was that the petition (from“ holders; and yet they would fain Bond-street) should fie upon the table; and " that there were no such people in as he bad presented a petition from the city of Westminster, of which the present petitioners
os existence! Baffled in all their
proare inhabitents, he begged leave to say a few “jects and prospects, they know not words upon that petition. (Hear.). The poble " which way to turn themselves. Their Baron opposite (Lord Wharncliffe) had said "
progress seems to be like that of the that the petition of the inhabitants of Westminster was far from being respectably sign,
“ Gamester in Hogarth, and their situed—that it was a meagre petition, and, in " ation at this particular stage is nearly short, a failure altogether. (No, no! from approaching to that of his, when, Lord Wharncliffe.)
having ventured and lost his last desThe Duke of BUCKINGHAM rose to order. (Great interruption by cries of “ Hear!” and
perate stake, you see him gnashing Order!”) He said, that the petition had heen his teeth, holding up above his head ordered to lie upon the table, and that, there. “ his two clenched fists, stamping upon fore, there was no question before the House. " the floor, and muttering curses, while
The Marquis of Westminster said, that " the fundholders, who sit round the the questiou respecting the petition had not been put, and that he was, accordiogiy, in
table, are sneering and scoffing at his order. (Hear, hear.) He had only to say,
“ demoniac agitations. that if the inhabitants of Bond-street or St
“ Some time ago it was their project James-street, or any other street in West- “ to cause the Bank to pay again in minster, were opposed to the Reform Bill, they would have attended the meeting, and
specie; and, agreeably to that proopposed the petition which he had presented." ject, they issued the new silver curs It was not to be believed, that if the majority" rency. It appears to be now. their of the ivhabitants of that city were of differ-ent opinions from those of the petitioners,
project to get fresh quantities of they would not have attended at the meeting,
paper again afloat ; and, if they can and overwhelmed the refuriners by their votes. " do that, the first effect of it will be,
the disappearance of the new silver "currency, which, though inferior in
" sterling value, will never long continue Thus, then, we stand, On Thursday" to circulate amidst such additional morning the sixth of October, one quantities of paper as will produce thousand eighit hundred and thirty-one;" any sensible effect in the raising and now, I think, we come to the “ of prices and in the lowering the test of my memorable prophecy, con- “ real amount of taxation. I do not tained in my leave-taking address when clearly see the possibility of augmentI fled to America to escape the dun-" ing the quantity of paper in circulageons of SIDMOUTH. After stating that "tion, seeing that the proprietors of that reform, for which a million and a lands and of goods have' nothing to half of us had actually petitioned the “ offer in pledge for it. But, besides, Parliament ; after stating that that re-“ if it were to be effected, what tre. form alone could save the country from “ mendous mischief it would produce ! revolution, and staring how that reform" Suppose the paper thus put out to would soon deliver us from the accursed f" reduce the value of the currency onefunding and paper system, the effects “ third. A man who has made a conof which I then proceeded to describe,“ tract to-day to receive three hundred I proceeded thus :-“The borough-" pounds at a distant day, would in faet
mongers are frightened at the work " receive only two-thirds of what he
" had contracted for. This real breachi “ opinion's, of projects, of interests, and # of contract would take place with " of passions, shall go to pieces like a
respect to all bargains made at this “ship upon the rocks." *time, or recently inade; all mortgages, This was my propheey then; and it 4 lands, leases, annuities, yearly wages now depends, in all human probability, * of servants, and every thing else of upon the conduct of the Lords and of
that description. Goods sold on long the Ministry and the King, whether the * credit would share the same fate; and last part of the prophecy or the first part
as there is perhaps inany millions of it shall be literally fulfilled. The * worth of goods always sent to foreign Lords do not know that the country is 4 countries upon long credit ; when the absolutely convulsed with its distresses.
money comes to be paid, it would be They imagine that the club-houses are "paid in a currency of one-third less in a specimen of the state of the country. " value than the currency calculateul My belief is, that a great deal more
upor when the goods were sold. Thus than one-half of the farmers and trades"a merchant abroad, who must now men are totally careless about all mat"send three hundred pounds sterling ters relative to the preservation of proto discharge his debt to his creditor perty. I believe that such is their here, would, in fact, have to send only state, that they hardly hope to be able two hundred pounds sterling in real to recover themselves by the operation money; because, two hundred pounds of the ordinary and peaceable course of " in real money would purchase three things, even if all the taxes were re“ hundred pounds in the paper that pealed.
So that their Lordships are * would then be afloat."
quite deceived if they think that even * Here, then, the waves of the sys- men of property will be frightened at "tem, by suddenly taking a swell in the sound of revolution. BARING was " this new direetion, would overwhelma reported to have said, at the opening of
new class of the community; and by the Parliament in October last, or soon * this time, the discredit of the paper afterwards, that the people were as well " would become so notorious to the off as they ever were, and that all the
world, that the people of all foreign disturbances and all the projects of "nations would keep aloof from its change were produced by the then re"would begin to shake their heads, and cent French Revolution; so says the "exclaim, Babylon the Great is fallen. Duke of WELLINGTON still. I have re“What I am disposed to think, however, lated above, that, in a great proportion "is, that this project for getting out of the English counties, men of pro
new quantities of paper-money will perty, men of sense, proposed, long benot succeed; and yet, without it, the fore that French Revolution, to resort " interest of the debt cannot be paid out to a refusal of the payment of taxes ;
of the taxes; for though standing and that they only were prevailed upon "armies and sedition bills and Habeas to wait in order to try the Parliament
Corpus suspension bills are dread-once more for a reform. The Duke of "fully powerful things, their power is WELLINGTON was driven out of office
11ot of that kind which enables people solely because he expressed his deter" to pay taxes. In all human proba- wination to grant no reform whatsoever. "bility, then, the whole of the interest In other respects, he was rather popular "of the debt and all the sinecures and than otherwise ; but that declaration "pensions and salaries, and also the ruined him. It is notorious that Lord
expenses of a thundering standing Grey came in in order to quiet the peoarmy, will continue to be made up, ple by promising them a Parliamentary " by tuxes, by loans from the Bauk, reform; is it, then, to be supposed that " by Exchequer Bills, by every species those who opposed this reform, having of contrivance to the latest possible a great majority in the House of Com"moment, and until the whole of the mons elected under the old system paper, system, amidst the war. of even ; is it to be supposed that they
could now come into power and govern that have occurred during the whole of the country in peace ? Lord Grey has these six months of debating, nothing distinctly declared that he will not re- equals the nice little exposure which main in power a single day longer than Lord HOLLAND brought sougly in his he has a fair prospect of speedily carry-pocket for the Seigneurof WHARNGLIFFE," ing this measure; this is a most im- who had told them, on Monday night, portant declaration. The country un- that lie had talked with the sensible derstand the full value of it; and, then, tradesmen of Bond-street, and that they who is to succeed him? Who is to had told him that they saw great carry on the Government in opposition danger in the Reform Bill. There are; to him? Why, when he came into it seems, two hundred houses in Bondpower, it was as nearly anarchy as pos. street, many of them in the occupation: sible: the Prime Minister could neither of women ; and my Lord HOLLAND had," walk nor ride in the streets without in his pocket, a petition from a huna insult : there were fights in the streets, dred, and one men, shop-keepers it' the people against the police, one Bond-street, praying the Lords not attacking and the other defending him. only to pass the bill, but to It was impossible for that to go on it quickly. The same Seigneur of without a dreadful convulsion ; without WHARNCLIFFE. brought petitions from something or other that must have some persons at Ipswich, containing, as speedily brought order and law to an he said, a prayer against Reform. My end. What, then, should we have to Lord RADNOR took a peep into the peo' expect now! . To describe the state of tition, and found that the petitioners things that would arise if Lord Grey prayed most earnestly for a moderate and were to be driven out, and WELLINGTON suitable Reform, and he had found this, put in his place, is a task that I shall to be the case in several other instances not undertake, and that for more reasons of anti-reform petitions. Out of the than one; but one is quite sufficient; 15,000 of whom Lord Elpon had preand that is, that. I have not the power sented the petition against the Reform to describe it.
Bill, it was discovered, that ten thousand The debate which I have just inserted, had been put down by mistake! The relative to the Birmingham petition, Seigneur of WWARNCLIFFE, finding was, to be sure, most triumphant for himself abandoned by Bond-street, said the ministers. They showed their su- that he did not confine himself to Bonde periority over their opponents in every street, but that his observations ex. possible way. Without expressing ap- tended to London, Southwark, and all probation of the strong language made round about, upon which Lord Holuse of at Birmingham, they suffered it LAND desired him to be so good as to to we its full weight with the country; name some one street somewhere, and they suffered the unanimous declaration hë pledged himself to bring from that of 150,000 people, against the payment very street, a petition of nine tenths of of taxes to have its full weight; and the inhabitants, praying for Reform. they were certainly right in so doing; In short, all the infamous lies, reprethey were right *in letting the example senting the people to have cooled upon of Birminghain operate on the people, the subject of Reform, now stand exand on the minds of their opponents. posed to open day; are now proved to The ridicule of Lord HOLLAND upon have been lies hatched for the purpose WELLINGTON and Peel, exceeded any of mischief: the Lords must see that thing of the kind that I have seen for a they have the whole of the people great many years; and the sting seems against them if they throw out this Bill
. · to have been felt in a manner propor- They must see that all their objections tioned to its sharpness. It was a com- are futile :. they must see, at any rate, plete anıt most admirable answer to all that the people pay. no attention to that the Duke had said the night before those objections : they must see that in his defence. But, of all the things the question now is, whether they shall
declare open 'hostility to the people, or Houses ; to the “ United Service Club," whether they shall 'shake hands with arid the “ Junior United Service Club" them, and live together upon friendly if he had gone to the offices of Stamps, terms in future. All the professions Customs, Excise, Navy, Army, Victual. (put forth by every opposition Lord) ling; if he had gone to the cloth and meat that they opposed the Bill, not for their and corn contractors ; if he had gone to ovon sakes only, but for the sake of the the contractors for loans, transports, and people also; these professions are, alas ! the like; if, in the counties, he had of no avail. The people now know gone to the tithe-owners; if he had how much their families are benefitted gone to the Universities; there he would by the rotten-borough system: the peo- have found petitioners enough for ple know, that what my Lord King no reform whatsoever ; they being quite said was true:; namely, that “the pro- willing to leave “ well enough alone." "prietors of seats in Parliament were If he had taken those who profit by also not the proprietors of the taxes; our populous pension list, and sinecure and that this proprietorship worked list, and list of grants, and of retired “ in such a way as to give Members allowances and of widows' pensions, and " of the House of Lords more than children's pensions, what a goodly pe" three hundred thousand pounds a year tition he would have had to present ; " out of those taxes." "The people and, if one had time, one might imagine know all this; they have long known the sort of petition that they would it; and, knowing all this, how useless, have drawn up and put into his hands, alas! are the professions, that, in refus- setting forth," that your humble peing the Bill, which will take away the “ titioners are well aware that bribery, proprietorship, the Lords consult the corruption, perjury, drunkenness, and interests of the people, and not the in all sorts of evils, arise from a system terests of themselves alone!
“ of rotten boroughs and rotten corporaIf the Lords who oppose this bill" tions choosing Members to serve in were to read the speeches at the Bir- “ Parliament; but that your humble pe=" mingham meeting for purposes of in-"titioners know also that there is seldom formation, and not for purposes of cavil any good, without its concomitant: and of quarrel, never would they have evil; seldom any virtue, possessed in put forth professions such as I have been a high degree, without some concomio: pointing out : never would they have "tant vice; that Providence has so ore hoped to cause such professions to have " dered it that good and evil shall coany weight with the people. The " exist in this world ; and that, allo speakers at that meeting have developed that mortals have to hope for in this the whole history and mystery of the “ vale of tears, is, that the good shall opposition to reform on the part of the “ preponderate over the evil : that we Peers; and their Lordships should bear " find the good so to preponderate in in mind that the knowledge discovered " this case, that we find that, notwithby the speakers at that meeting is pos- "standing the bribery, corruption, persessed by them in common with almost "jury and infamy belonging to electhe whole of the people of this kingdom." tions, the Parliament works well;' Let them then read those speeches for“ and that, therefore, we beseech your information : all the people do not make "right hon. House not to suffer any speeches ; but all of them think; and "change whatever to be made in the they all think alike upon this subject." representation in Parliament." It is, in fact, simply a contest between There is not a tax-eater in the whole the payers and the receivers of taxes. kingdom that would not sign such a The payers are satisfied that they never petition as that. And, talk about the can know prosperity and happiness thing as long as we please, it is, after again unless they have cheap govern- all, a question of money: it is, after ment: If, indeed, the Seigneur of all
, a question whether those who laWAARNCLIFFE had gone to the Club bour and who have an income out of
their own property, shall.or shall not, children; all these hareshed their bloody continue to be made poor and misera. I suppose, and we, poor ignotant more ble; to be constantly exposed to all tals! never knew any-thing at all about: sorts of anxieties and hardships ; many the matter. Poh! my Lord MANRFIBLD; of them frequently to want a meal, and say not a word more about the matter I. occasionally some of them to be slarved We will take care that we will have no to death; whether or not all these ladies to shed their blood for us in fue should continue to be inflicted upon tare, nor little girls nor boys 3 and I them in order that those who have no tell you plainly, that every exertion in property of their own, or who do not my power shall be made to cease giving work in any way whatsoever, should be one single farthing more of the public able to live in ease and in luxury, That money to those which we already have is the real question, after all, and that upon the list. It is a question of mo. question, as far as this present House of ney, again I say, Dividing it into parts; Ivords can go, must now be decided in a this question will arise : Shall the very few days. The system works well parsons keep the sixteen hundred thoufor those who receive the taxes and the sand pounds which the Parliament tithes; but these are the thousands, voted them out of the taxes after PERwhile the payers of the taxes are the Cevat came into power! Another millions; and the question, therefore, question will be this : Shall this nation is, whether the Lords will or will not continue to be taxed, in order to send prefer the good of the thousands to the one hundred thousand pounds a year: good of the millions.
out of the country, as half-pay to Hanom Lord MANSFIELD is reported to have verian and other foreign officers, and as said that a reformed Parliament would, allowances to widowe, and children of amongst other things that it would do, such of them as may be dead?: If the
wipe away the national Debt, regard- Seigneur of WHARNCLLPFB had gone to "less of the gratitude due to those wbo Hanover, what an unanimous petition " assisted the Government in the time he could have got against Parliamen" of its need." This is just the language tary Reform! In short, we are a nám: that old Lord CHATHAM said the muck- tion of most industrious peoples pressed. worms made use of. But, Lord Mans- down to the earth by: want, in conses EFLD is not treated fairly here by me, quence of our incomes and our earnings until I have finished his sentence, thus: being taken from us to be given to " and to do away with PENSIONS those who scorn us while they wallow “whịch had been won by the blood in luxury upon the fruits of our labour. " and glorious exertions of those who We all understand it. There, is not a “had procured for us a safe and ho- labourer in any hamlet in the kingdomaj
nourable peace.” What,, then, my who does not, in substance, understand Lord, MANSFIELD, I suppose that Burke the matter as well as I do. We all and THOMAS GRENVILLE and Lord know that the sixteen hundred thousand GRENVILLE, and MONTAGU BURGOYNE pounds, given to the parsons came out, and Lord CAMDEN and the late Marquis of the loans of which we have to pay of BUCKINGHAM and the two EGRE- the interest. We all know that the MONTS and Lord ARDEN and CHAR_Es war against the French had for its prinYORKE and SIDMOUTH's son; I suppose cipal object to prevent Parliamentary that all these, and hundreds of others, reform in England. We all know that have shed their blood for us And Can. the loans made to carry on that war: NINO's mother and sister, and the Duke were greatly injurious to us. We all of WELLINGTON's mother, and all the know this, that the Government of this: long list of noble ladies and honourable country. may be carried on; that the ladies, and their little boys and girls, King and his family may be generously and Herries's mother and sisters, and maintained in all the spiendour of Sir Joun Cam Hobuouse's wife, and Royalty; that a navy ready to cope CUMBERLAND, the play-writer, and his with all the world may be always in a