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Lord Fitzwilliam's quarrel with

Pitt, 583
Burke (Edmund), enters Trinity Col-
lege, Dublin, at fourteen, cxxv. 59

his claims to the authorship
of "Junius,' cxxvii. 198; diffe-
rences of his style therefrom,

his letters to Sir Gilbert
Elliot, cxxxix. 191 (see Minto,
Lord); his. Considerations on the
French Revolution,' 197

his remarks on constitu-
tions, cxl. 206; on Convocation,
430; on the union of Church

and State, 449
Burke and Wills (Messrs.), their

Australian exploring expedition,
cxvi. 43; succeed in crossing the
continent, 46; their tragic fate,


their expedition into Central
Australia, cxviii. 331 ; searching

parties sent after them, ib.
Burleigh (William Cecil, Lord,

1520-1598), his blindness to
Spanish designs, cxiii. 207; his
clandestine negotiations with
Philip II, 208

Mr. Froude's story of his
proposal to dethrone Elizabeth,
cxix. 274

his scheme of a French
marriage for Elizabeth, cxxiv.
501, 502 ; detects the Spanish
plot against her, 504; his saga-

cious statesmanship, 510
Burlinghame mission in China, the,

cxxxiii. 197
Burmąh, trade intercourse of, with

Western China, cxxxvii. 300
Burn (Mr. Robert), his "Rome and

the Campagna,' cxxxv. 293; bis

valuable topography, 317
Burnet (Gilbert, Bishop of Salis-

bury, 1643–1715), the sport of
political ballad-mongers, cxii. 102

his toleration of polygamy,
cxv. 207

Burnet (Gilbert), pastoral letter of,

ordered to be burnt, cxxxiv. 188
Burnouf (Eugène), his researches on

Buddhism, cxv. 384; importance

of his labours, 387
Burns (Robert, 1759-1796), his lite-

rary character, cxxi. 322
Burnside (Federal General), his re-

lief by Sherman, cxxi. 258
Burton (Captain), results of his Nile
explorations with Speke, cxii. 324

his expedition in 1857–59,
with Capt. Speke, cxviii. 211; on
the affluents of Lake Tanganyika,

on the character of the Be-
douins, cxxii. 496 note
Burton (H.), works of, suppressed,

cxxxiv. 185
Burton (J. Hill), his History of

Scotland to 1688, cxxvi. 238; his
periods adopted from Dr. Robert-
son, 239; his searching spirit of
criticism, 239 ; his able treatment
of the War of Independence, 240;
on English rights of superiority,
242; bis weakness of romantic
description, 252; on Mary and
Bothwell, 261, 262; his love of
truth and impartiality, 263; want
of method, ib. ; defects of style,
264; his inaccurate account of the
Comyn family, 265; errors due to
haste, 267; his theory of the Re-
formation in Scotland, 268

his History of Scotland, Vols.
V.-VII., cxxxiv. 100; on Mary's
fortunes after Kirk-o'-Field, ib.;
on the prospects of her reception
in Spain, 101 ; his injustice to
Knox, 106; his true estimate of
James, 107; impartial treatment
of the Reformation, 108; his cri-
ticism of Sharp, 121 ; his conclu-
sive condemnation of Charles II.'s
policy, 123; superiority of his
concluding volumes, 128; im-
provement in style, ib. ; still open
to charge of inaccuracy, ib.; his

cxy. 138

neglect of Scottish jurisprudence, cxxxiii. 501 ; his plan of a local
129; and of educational history, Parliament at Dublin, 511
130; the best historian of Scotland, Butts (Sir W. and Lady), Holbein's

portrait of, cxxv. 437 note
Burton (Robert, 1578–1640), com- Buzot (François-Nicolas Leonard,

pared by M. Taine to Rabelais, 1760-1793), Madame Roland's
cxxi. 304

passion for, cxxi. 389; her letters
Bury (M. Blaze de), his narrative of to him, 390; his portrait found

Königsmark's murder, cxvi. 196 among her papers, 391; his per-
Busaco, the Duke of Wellington on sonal attractions, 416; conduct
the battle of, cxvi. 59

after the September massacres, ib.;
monastery of, cxxxi. 465; his fearful death, 424
aspect of the battle-field, 466; Bynkershoeck (Cornelius Van, 1673-
misstatement of Napier, ib.

1763), on the rights of trade be-
Busby (Dr.), his Lucretian Didascalic longing to neutrals, cxxxv. 561 ;
Poem, cxxii. 254

on foreign enlistment, 567
Bushby (Mr.), his sulphur-workings Byre,'early English word explained,
in Iceland, cxiii. 538

cxxviii, 74
Bussy (Charles Joseph Patissier, Byron (George Gordon, Lord, 1788–

Marquis de, 1718-1785), his cha- 1824), his contempt for Italian
racter, cxxvii. 554; his daring singers, cxiii. 518
march to Aurungabad, 555; de-

statue of, by Thorwaldsen,
feats the Mahrattas, 556
Bute (John Stuart, Earl of, 1713-

his. Giaour 'criticised, cxvi.
1792), Dr. Carlyle's sketch of, 256
cxiii. 175

his affected hatred of society
his alleged early influence at Geneva, cxix. 434; his inter-
over George III., cxxvi. 5; his view with Bonstetten, ib.
unpopular administration, 11; his

his egotism exposed by M.
Scotch origin lampooned, 12; his Taine, cxxi. 323
harsh policy, ib. ; retires after the

his type of intellectual great-
peace, 14; jealousy of his influence, ness, cxxx. 165; Landor's portrait
14; his visits to the Princess of, 246; his wife's remarks on his
Dowager watched, 15

Calvinism, 532
Butler (Joseph, Bishop 1692–1752),

his contempt for the Portu-
his remark on the truth of the

guese, cxxxi. 453
Resurrection, cxix. 604

his intimacy with Hobhouse,
Butler (Federal General), Lincoln's cxxxiii. 290, 294; his death and

partiality to, cxxi. 272; failure of burial described by him, 295, 298;

his campaign against Lee, 282 libels on his relations with his
Butt (Isaac), his · Plea for the Celtic wife, ib.
race,' cxxv. 187; his ideas of a

contemporary estimates of
peasant proprietary in Ireland, 203; 'Beppo,' cxxxv. 487, 489; the
simplicity of his scheme, 204; on poem due to Frere, 491; publica-
the unpopularity of the land laws, tion of his · Don Juan' discussed,
205, 208; upholds fixity of tenure 492
and compulsory valuation, 209 Byzantines, the, their dominion in

his "Irish Federalism, Sicily, cxvi. 363


CAABA, the, cxxiv. 8; worship of,

attacked by Mahomet, 25; origin

of the worship, 232
Ça ira, the proverb identified, cxx.

Caballero, Fernan (pseudonym for

Cæcilia de Faber, b. 1797), her
revival of Spanish romance, cxiv.
100; her ultra-catholic tendencies,
102; pictures of Andalusian life,
106 ; 'La Gaviota,' 108-117; La

Familia de Alvareda,' 118-125
Cabinet, the, modern system of

responsibility to the House of

Commons, cxxvi. 561
Cabul, captured in 1866 by Azim

Khan, cxxv. 27
Cacault (M.), his negotiations for a

Concordat with Pius VII., cxxviii.

Cadamosto (Venetian merchant), bis

explorations of Africa in 1455,

cxxviii. 220
Cadastral survey of Great Britain,

cxviii. 378; the cadastral scale,
ib.; recommended by the com-
mittee of 1862, ib.; mass of blue
books on the question, 379; a
cadastral distinguished from a
topographical map, ib.; progress
of triangulation, 380, 383; fixing
of theodolites, 384; measurement
of the base, 385; compensation
bars, ib. ; the heliostat, 386; tests
of accuracy in triangulation, 387;
conference at Brussels on cadastres,
390; controversy in Parliament,
391 ; vote for the cadastral survey
refused, ib.; report of Lord Bury's
committee, 392 ; process of con-
structing a cadastral map, 393;
labours and perils of surveyors,
394, 395; tracing the 25-inch
plan, 396; photozincography, ib.;
reduction of the scale, 397 ; the

plates electrotyped, ib.; question

expense, 398 ; waste of money
from want of uniform triangula-
tion, ib. 399; economy of the
cadastral system, 400; expenses
limited to preliminary triangula-
tion, ib.; uncertainty of annual
grants, ib.; general advantages of
cadastral maps, 403; illogical op-
position in Parliament, ib.; future
prospects, 404. See Drummond,

Cæsar (Caius Julius, B.c. 100-43),

his character, cxv. 470; wrongly
compared to Cromwell, 471; his
rule an hereditary despotism, 472

his description of the Druids,
cxviii. 40; simplicity of his style,
42; his careless notice of "barba-
rian 'social life, ib.

his system of ciphers, cxxiv.
355; History of, by Napoleon III.,
399; authenticity of his Commen-
taries, 403 note ; the antitype of
Cicero, 415 ; his conduct to Cicero
during the first Triumvirate, 416 ;
complicity in Catiline's conspiracy,
418 note; his camps in Gaul, 424 ;
his scanty knowledge of Britain,
425 ; probably embarked at Bou-
logne, 426; his landing-place, 427;
his passage of the Thames, 428,
430; his cruelty to the Veneti,
431; his deportation of captive
slaves to Rome, 432

his plans for the reconstruc-
tion of the commonwealth, cxxix.

Cæsars, palace of the, at Rome,

cxviii. 361
Cagliostro (Alexandre, Comte de,

1745–1795), his personal appear-
ance, cxxv. 307; intimacy with

Madame de Lamotte, 308
Caird (Mr. James), his pamphlet on
the Irish land question, cxxxi.

281, 282
Cairnconan (Angus), Pict's house at,

cxx, 316
Calas (Jean), judicial murder of, in

1762, cxxxviii. 217
Calhoun (Mr. J.), his views of

Federal Government in America,

cxiii. 574
California, gold mining in, cxvii. 87

varieties of pines in (see
Coniferous Trees); solemn charac-
ter of tree-scenery in, cxx. 368

splendid climate of, cxxix.460
Caligula (Caius Cæsar, 12-41), his

palace at Rome, cxxxv. 308
Callisthenes, his stellar observations

sent from Babylon, cxxv. 119
Calmar, Union of (1397, cxxxiv.

245, 247
Calverley(C.S.), his 'Ode to Tobacco,
cxxiv. 268

his light verse compared to
Rejected Addresses,' cxl. 382
Calvin (John, 1509-1564), his doc-

trine of the observance of Sunday,
cxiv. 539

compared with St. Louis,
cxxxi. 122 ; Lives of, 123; parent-
age and education, 124; forsakes
theology for the law, ib.; his com-
mentary on Seneca's de Clementiâ,
126; his Lutheran oration at
Paris, ib.; a fugitive, 127; intro-
duced to Erasmus at Basle, 128;
bis Introductio Christianæ Reli-
gionis,' ib.; supports predestination
and the absolute infallibility of
Scripture, ib.; visit to the Duchess
of Ferrara, 129; arrival at Geneva,
132; associated with Farel, ib.;
his Confession of Faith,' 133;
his severe discipline at Geneva,
134; his system opposed, 135;
disputes on ritual, ib.; expelled,
ib. ; removal to Strasburg, 136;
views on Protestant reconciliation
with Rome, ib.; his poverty, 137;
triumphal return to Geneva, ib. ;

his ecclesiastical polity restored,
139, 140 ; admixture of lay govern-
ment, 141: advocated obedience
to the civil power, ib. ; spread of
his doctrines, 142 ; his consistorial
law at Geneva, 143; severity of
his ordinances, 144; his despotic
legislation, 145 ; his infamous
conduct to Servetus, 147, 148;
justified by Melanchthon and
others, ib. ; his remorseless temper,
149; persecution of Castellio, ib.;
his increased influence, 150; his
cosmopolitan ambition and con-
structive genius, 151; his life not
happy, 152; death, ib.; character
as a reformer, ib.; M. Renan on
his Christianity, 153; permanence
of his system, 154; his genius as
legislator, ib.

his prophecy of triumph in
France, cxxxviii. 203
Calvinists, their doctrine of predes-

tination modified, cxxxiii. 401
Cambridge (Adolphus Frederick,

Duke of, 1774-1850), his personal

appearance, cxvi. 244
Cambridge University, examination

for the mathematical tripos at,
cxxxix. 331; and for Smith's
prizes, ib.; mathematical studies

at, 346

Cambronne (Pierro Jacques Étienne,

General, 1770-1826), story of his
speech at the defeat of the old
guard denied, cxix. 326 ; origin of

the story, 327
Camden (William, 1551-1623), his

travels in England, cxxxviii. 489
Camden Society, the origin and

object of, cxxv. 233
Cameos, chiefly used as ornaments by

the Greeks, cxxiv. 518. See Gems
Cameron (Jane, Female Convict),

Memoirs of, by a Prison Matron,
cxxii. 337; her child-life, 343;

account of the 'Dancing Skeel,'349
Camisards, the, rebellion of, cxxxviii.

203, 205

Campagna at Rome, the, desolated title, 425; on radiation of force

by the Saracens, cxviii. 365, 368; from light, ib. 426; his notions of
malaria therein, 369

gravitation and refraction, ib.;
Campbell (John, Lord, 1781-1861), leading idea of the work, 427 ; re-

his · Lives of Lord Lyndhurst and commends parlour geology, 428;
Lord Brougham,' cxxix. 556; his his theory of a north-polar cur-
inaccuracy and ill-natured author- rent, ib.; his qualifications, 429;
ship, ib. ; his obligations to both his use of symbols in geology, ib.;
lords, 557 note; his relations with his experiments on ventilation,
Lyndhurst, ib. ; inaccurate account 430; his imitation of clouds, 432 ;
of Lyndhurst's early life, 558; on the effect of wind on trees,
personal grievance, on irregular 433; on the observation of sea-
marriages, 565; on Lyndhurst's currents, 434; on the tool-
Reform policy, 568; his Bill marks' of water, 437; his illustra-
against obscene publications, 571; tion of salt deposits, 439; on ice-
he accuses Lord . Brougham of marks in Northern Europe, 443;
jealousy, 573; his misstatements wrong theory of ice movement,
respecting the Edinburgh Review 445; on the melting of rock-sub-
and Brougham, 577, 578; sneers stances by primæval heat, 448;
at Brougham's advocacy, 579; his theory of volcanic action, 450 ;
low opinion of the legal profes- on polar and equinoctial currents,
sion, 592; imperfect account of 452; his ingenious devices, 455
Brougham's conduct on Reform, Campbell (Mary), her pretensions to
594; on Brougham's derangement the gift of tongues, cxvi. 455
of mind, 595

Camper (Peter, 1722-1789), on the
Campbell (Thomas, 1777-1844), his proportions of the human figure,

visit to St. James's monastery at cxl. 185
Ratisbon, cxix. 183 note

Campian (Edmund, 1540–1581), his
Campbell (Sir George), his views on adhesion to the Jesuits, cxxxi. 18,

the Irish Land Question, cxxxi. 20; object of his mission to Eng-
277; his Cobden Essay on Land land, ib.; his execution, 21; his
Tenures in India, 323

conspiracy not proved, 22
Campbell, Major-General John, C.B., Campo-Formio, treaty of (1797), its.

his services in suppressing human iniquitous character, cxxvi. 318
sacrifices in Khôndistan, cxix. 397; Campo-Santo, the architectural fea-
his address to the natives there- tures of, cxxi. 525, 526

Canada, its geographical union with
Campbell (Dr. Thomas), note on the

British Columbia anticipated,
history of his Diary (see cx. 327); cxii. 331
identifying his nephew as the military defence of, cxv. 112;
bearer of the MS. to New South liability of, to American invasion,
Wales, cxi. 276

Campbell (Duncan, of Asknish),

cession of French rights of
his work on. steam-rams,' cxxxvi. sovereignty in, cxix. 448 note
559; claims the merit of invention,

difficulty of protecting, cxx.

183; origin of the Federal move-
Campbell (J. F.), his Frost and Fire, ment in, 184; the Quebec Confer-

cxxii. 422; his popular treatment ence, ib. 185; Resolutions of the
of science, 423; objections to the Delegates, ib.; proposed Federal

upon, ib.

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