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Bacon (Lord Verulam), his theory

of Greek mythology, cxxxix. 428;
his definition of natural theology,
442 note

(Sir Nicholas, 1510–1579),
his advice to Elizabeth gainst

Scotland, cxxiv. 498
Bactria, or Balkh, the earliest capital

in Central Asia, cxxxv. 13; pri-

mitive epithet of, ib.
Bactrian Greeks, sculptures by, in

the Punjab, cxxx. 503; their reign
in Orissa, 504; conquest of Cut-

tack, 507
Badeau (Colonel), his military his-

tory of General Grant, cxxix. 230-

Babadoor (Sir Jung), his offer of
Nepalese animals to the Zoological

Gardens, cxi, 166
Baillie (Joanna, 1762-1851), her

play on the passion of Ilate, cxix.

Bailly (Jean Silvain, 1736-1793),

his calm demeanour before his

execution, cxxv. 313
Bain (Alexander), his confused use

of psychological terms,cxxxvii. 501
Laker (Sir Samuel White, b. 1821),

his exploration of the Albert Ny-
anza, cxxiv. 151; his literary
powers, ib.; his intrepidity, 152;
chiralrous character of his narra-
tive, 154; preliminary travels on
the Atbara and Blue Nile, 155 ;
from Khartoum to Gondokoro,
157; his escort mutinies, 158;
meets Speke and Grant at Gondo-
koro, ib.: his object to explore
the lake Luta N'zigé, 159; dis-
corers the Albert Nyanza, ib.;
the real discoverer of the source of
the Nile, ib. ; his journey to Ma-
gungo, 160; disarms the muti-
neers, 16! ; description of the La-
tookas, 161; threatened night
attack, 165 ; his low estimate of
African character, 166; sketch of
the Makkarikas, 167; the Obbo

country, 168; first news of the
Albert Nyanza, ib.; reaches the
Victoria Nile, 169; his crossing
described, 170; reception at
Unyoro, ib.; his wife demanded by
King Kamrasi, 173; march from
Mrooli to Vacovia, 174; his wife
dangerously ill, ib.; canoe coast-
ing on the Victoria Nyanza, 176;
arrives at Magungo, 177 ; journey
back to Khartoum, 179; passage
of the Cataracts, 180; his sum-
mary of his researches, 181; Sir
R. Murchison's theory of a central
plateau confirmed, 182; general
results of his enterprise, 183; on
the suppression of slave-traffic,

Balduccio Giovanni, his monument

of St. Peter Martyr at Milan,

cxxi. 529
Baldwin I. (Emperor of Constanti-

nople, 1172-1205), his coronation,

cxxi. 484
Bale (John, 1495–1563), his reputed

drama of “Kynge Johan,' cxxiii.
171; on the trial of Sir John Old-

castle, 173, 174
Baliol (John, d. 1314), his sur-

render to Edward I., cxx. 322;
his renunciation of allegiance,

his claim to the Scottish
throne, cxl. 329
Balk, use of the word in Shakspeare,

cxxx. 109-112
Ball (Mr. J.), bis Alpine Guide,'

cxxx. 118; value of his work for
mountaineers, 122 ; his account of
the Macugnaga Glacier, 125; on
the Central Alps, 129; sparing
notice of the Engadine, 130; on
the Adamello district, 132; on the
Eastern Alps, 133; his valuable
maps, 134; his scientific industry,
135; his ascents in the Dolomite

region, 136
Ballads, Political, the best ones
found on the losing side, cxiii

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88; their small historical value,
89; allusions often insignificant,
90; chief repositories of, 91 ; their
coarseness from Charles II. to
George I., 92 ; their insipidity and
want of humour, 93; their per-
fection under George III., ib.;
growth of the political ode, 96;
imperfect power of language under
Charles I., 97; lampoons of the
Restoration, 99; euperiority of
the Jacobite poems, 107 ; they owe
their existence to tradition, 110;
many of them not authentic,

Ballanche (M.), his intimacy with

Madame Récamier, cxi. 234; his

personal appearance, ib.
Ballarat (Australia), prosperity of

the town, cxvii. 105; deep-sinking

system of gold-mining at, 107
Ballinahinch, defeat of the Irish

rebels at, cxxxix. 504
Ballot, the, decreasing importance

of the question of, cxii. 266 ; ill-
founded pretensions to novelty,
267 ; classical references to, 268
note; its practical results discussed,
ib.; bribery by results, 270;
possible methods of indirect cor-
ruption, 271; viewed as a remedy
for coercion, 272 ; only a very
small minority require protection,
274; scrutiny by Parliament im-
possible, ib.; secrecy of voting
nugatory with public discussion,
278; dangers of political apathy
among voters, 282; bribery in
America not prevented by, 283 ;
electoral abuses of, in France, 284;
isolation of the individual caused
by, is destructive of popular
liberty, 286; public opinion the
cure for electoral corruption, ib.;
bribery should be punished crimi-
nally, 287

Sir G. C. Lewis's statement
of arguments on, cxviii. 144

introduction of, into Aus-

tralia, cxxi. 360; its working ex-

amined, 361-304
Ballot, popular misconceptions of,

cxxxi. 540; usage in Illinois, 541;
no provisions for scrutiny at New
York, ib.; Mr. IIankel's evidence
as to South Carolina, 512 ; secrecy
not contemplated by Americans,
544; corruption possible with
secret voting, 546 ; personation in
America, 547 ; summary of the
system there, ib. ; British notions
of, unknown in America, ib.; com-
mittee of 1870 on, ib. ; loose cus-
tody of ballot-boxes in France,
551; M. Chevalier on, ib.; in
Germany and Italy, 552; secrecy
evaded in Greece, 553; recent
test ballots in England, 554;
secrecy not yet secured, ib.; ques-
tion of official honesty, ib.; ama-
teur ballot-box, 555; no evidence
of votes without publicity, 557 ;
committee insist on complete
secrecy, ib.; Mr. Leatham's Bill,
558 ; futility of attempted secrecy
in Ireland, 560; promotes no se-
curity but that of lying without
detection, 561; prospects of cor-
ruption, 562 ; would conflict with
national habits, 563; the refuge
of defeated Toryism, 565; retro-
grade character of, ib.; failure of
repressive legislation, 506

evils anticipated from, in
Ireland, cxxxiii. 520

the Bill of 1871 rejected by
the Lords, cxxxiv. 583; present

need of, examined, 584
Baltic Provinces, the, cxxxii. 46;

early history of, 47; connexion
with Sweden, 48, 49; Baltic Con-
federation restored, 50; prosperity
under Alexander I., ib.; climate
and population, ib.; character of
peasantry, 51 ; fertility of Curland,
ib.; description of Riga, 52; ob-
stacles to progress in Esthland, 51;
vicious system of Nicholas, 5t;

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early reforms of Alexander II., 55;
Lironian Diet of 1862, 50; Kat-
koff, 57; Muravieff's system, 59;
attacks by the Moscow party, 61 ;
intolerant enactments, ib. ; delud-
ing promises to the peasants, 62 ;
misplaced proselytism to the Greek
Church, ib. ; law of mixed mar-
riages, ib.; insults to Lutherans,
63: anti-German school-system,ib.;
forced introduction of the Russian
language, 64; foreign intervention
hopeless, 65; Moscow crusade
against heterodox boundary pro-
vinces, 66; Schirren's answer to
Juri Samarin, ib.; petition of Diet

of Livland refused, 67
Balzac (Honoré de, b. 1799), Goethe's

remark on his novels, cxv. 257
Bamberger (Herr), his excellent

biography of Bismarck, cxxx. 418
Bamboos, cultivation of, in England

recommended, cxxx. 474
Banana-tree, recent cultivation of,

for fruit, cxxx, 469; the Musa
Ensete, ib.
Bancroft (Richard, Archbishop of
Canterbury, 1514-1610), his col-
lection of the Book of Canons,
cx!. 439; bis sacerdotal theories,

Bank of England, returns of clearing-
house in 1839, cxii. 12

Paterson's scheme of, cxv.

Pitt's suspension of cash pay-
ments in 1797, cxvi. 148.

its mode of retaining gold by
checking the demand, cxxi. 211;
J. Pereire's criticism of the Bank
Act, 245; objections to increased
issue of notes, 246

excess in its note-currency
in 1807, cxxvii. 251; its gold re-
serves in that year compared with
those of the Bank of France,

Bank Charter Act (1844), fallacies

respecting, cxxi. 225-248; effect

of its suspension, 249; objections

thereto, 250
Banking. See Currency
Bankruptcy Act (1861), the, cxx.

Bankes (W. J.), his evidence in

favour of German frescoes at

Westminster, cxxiii. 11
Banks (Sir Joseph, 17.13-1820), his

connexion with the Royal Institu-
tion, cxxxv. 330-339; described

by Sir C. Bell, 411
Banks (Federal general), his scheme

for reducing Louisiana, cxxi. 265
Bannatyne Club, the, cxii. 495 note

its publications reviewed,
cxv. 1

average number of its im-
pressions, cxxv. 232
Bannockburn, battle of (1314), a

touchstone of national sentiment,
cxv. 5

Bernard de Linton's Latin
poem on, cxx, 323
Baptismı, the sacrament compared

with the Eucharist, cxxxvi. 283
Baptismal Controversy, the, cxxxviii.

48; false assumptions therein, ib.
Baptismal Service, the, objections to,

cxiii. 21; optional use of office of
private baptism recommended, 27

the most fruitful cause of dis-
sent, cxxvi. 505; proposed change
in the Rubric, 506: objections
to the Sponsorial system, ib.;
vicarial professions not adopted in
the Eastern Church, 508 and
note; option of service for private

baptism recommended, il.
Baptists, their ground of dissent,

cxxxvii. 201; their past services

to the Church of England, 213
Bar, Duchy of, cession of, to France,

cxii. 75; Leopold of Lorraine

renders homago for, 80
• Barb,' the word in Shakspeare es-

plained, cxxxvi. 369
Barbadoes, condition of negroes in,

CIV. 43


Barbauld (Mrs., 1743–1825), her

poem entitled '1811,' cxxx, 533
Barberini, Maffei. See Urban VIII.
Barbican, the, a military post in

early London, cxxxi. 159; its me-

diæval history, 169
Barbosa (Augustin, Bishop of

Ugento,1590–1649), bis plagiarism

of Cicero's De Officiis, cxxiv. 357
Barcelona, architectural interest of,

cxxii. 169
Bards, the, the professed descendants

of the Druids (see Druids), cxviii.
61 ; first mentioned by Lucan, ib.;

ranked among the Germans by
Tacitus, 62; the Bardic system in
Wales not supported by history,
03 ; obscurity of their place in

history, 70
Baree Doab Canal, the, cxvii. 21
Baretti (Joseph, 1716-1789), his

hostility to Mrs. Piozzi, cxiii. 522
Bareilly, Rohilla outbreak at, in

1816 promptly suppressed, cxxiv.

Barkly (Sir Henry, b. 1815), on gold-
mining in Victoria, cxvii, 115

his able administration at the
Cape, cxxxiv.433–418. See Africa,

Barlaam (d. 1348), his denunciation

of the 'Oupaloy û xou, cxxi. 490
Barnave (Antoine Pierre Joseph

Marie, 1761-1793), his remark on
the death of Foulon, cxxiv. 344;

his reparation thereof, ib.
Barneveldt (Johann van Olden, 1567

-1619), Mr. Motley's Ilistory of,
cxl. 107; claims to the Duchy of
Cleves, 108; his rival Prince
Maurice, 111; his personal ap-
pearance, 112; early life and edu-
cation, ib.; Advocate of the pro-
vince of Ilolland, 113; his em-
bassy to Henry IV., ib.; barren
overtures to England, 119; his
zeal for the Protestant cause, ib.;
declares with the Remonstrants
against a Synod, 121; enmity of

the Stadtholder, 122; and of James
I., ib.; redeems the English morte
gage, 125; beginning of the Thirty
Years' War, ib.; his hopes of an
English alliance, 127; hostility
with Maurice respecting the Sy-
nod, 129; assailed by pamphleteers,
130; his letter of explanation to
the Prince, ib.; interview with
him at Utrecht, 133; his arrest,
ib. : its illegal character, 136; his
trial, ib. ; sentence and execution,
140-142; punishment of his family,

Barnsbury (London), etymology and

early history of, cxxxi. 166 and

Baroni (Leonora), her singing ad-

mired by Milton, cxi. 315.
Barristers, origin and meaning of

the word, cxxxiv. 489; Inner and
Outer, 493 ; former course of pre-
paration for the bar, 498; Regula-
tions of 1869, 503; costume de-
rived from the clergy, 505 ; duties
of advocacy defined, ib. 506

precedency respecting briefs,
cxxxv. 527
Barros (de), his work on the sources

of the Nile, cxviii. 218 note
Barrow (Isaac, 1630–1677), enters

Cambridge at thirteen, cxxv. 59
Barry Cornwall' (pseudonym for

Mr. Procter), his memories of
Charles Lamb, cxxiv. 261; his

personal reminiscences, 267
Barry (Sir Charles), his conception

of Gothic architecture, cxxxi. 410
Barry (Madame du, 1744-1793), her

advent to Court, cxxv. 509; her
low origin, 510; procures the dis-

missal of Choiseul, ib.
Bartlett (Mr.), his rock-piercing

apparatus, cxxii. 129
Bashan, Mr. Freshfield on the 'Giant

Cities' of, cxxx. 338
Basque Country, the, cxix. 369; pe-

culiarities of its literature, ib.;
geographical limits of, 370; Lord

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Carnarvon's admiration of the Spanish Basques, 371; grammatical system of their language, 372 ; fanciful derivations of certain words, 373; popular superstitions, 374; pathetic tone of their literature, 376; proverbs, 377; their love of dramatic representations, 378; their historical tragedies, 380; their alleged discovery of America, 383; character of their humour, 385; their addiction to smuggling, 386 ; gipsy life in, 387;

the custom of the Couvade,' 388 Bastwick (Dr. John, b. 1593), works

of, suppressed, cxxxiv. 184, 185 Bateman (Mr. J. F.), hiš Metro

polis Water Supply,' cxxiii. 381;
advocates introduction of water
from North Wales, 414, 415; de-
tails of his scheme, ib.-418; his
water supply of Glasgow, 420

of the river Plata, cxxxix. 407; his action against

M. Révy, ib. note Battersea, etymology of, cxxxi. 160 Bavaria, hop plantations in, cxvi.

497 ; mode of hop-picking, 498; annual consumption of beer in, 499

Frederick the Great's campaign in, cxxiii. 507, 518

tobacco-monopoly imposed by France, cxxv. 319; defection

from Bonaparte, 320 Baxter (Richard, 1618-1619), his

lines on Church Councils, cxxx. 299; on the authority of Popes

and Councils, 317 Bayeux tapestry, the, historical im

portance of, cxxi. 14; earliest

known heraldic arms on, 333 Bayle (Peter, 1617-1706), character

of his intellect, cxxi. 440 ; his work · Contrains-les d'entrer,' 441

St. Beure's criticism of, cxxxii. 138

groundwork of his system of religion, cxxxix. 420

Bayley (Mr.), his ‘History of the

Tower,' cxv. 303; his solution of

the murder of Clarence, ib. Bayswater, etymology of, cxxxi. 161 Beach (Sir Michael Hicks, b. 1837),

his Irish policy in 1874, cxl. 582 Beacons, number of, on the British

coast, cxv. 183 Beale (Dr Lionel S.), his works on

Protoplasm and Disease-germs,

cxxxvi. 216 Beaton (David, Cardinal, 1494

1546), English complicity in his

murder, cxxvi. 258 Beaulieu (Colonel Treuille de), his

services to rifled ordnance in France, cxix. 499 note; his report on arms at the Great Exhibition,

528.and note Beaumont (M. Elie de), on the geo

logical age of the Moulin-Quignon beds, cxviii. 274, 275; on the encroachment of river deltas into the sea, 288

(Gustave de), his edition of De Tocqueville's remains, cxiii. 427

on the historical causes of Irish emigration, cxix. 284; mistaken as to proselytism in the national schools in Ireland, 2865 note; his views as to its population, 288 ; his misstatements as to the competition for land, 290

his complete edition of de Tocqueville's works, cxxii. 456; additional papers published by

him therein, ib. Beauty, Canon of, in Greek Art, cxl.

168; works thereon, ib.; ancient Greek statues, 169; difficulties of analysing their ideal, ib. ; physiognomy and pathognomy, 171, 172; laws of symmetry, 175, 178; hypothesis of Dr. Liharzik, 179; etlinological influences on proportion, 180; supposed harmonies of number in symmetry, 182, 183: Mr. Hay's analogy of the musical

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