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that the friend to whom he had reference was Mr. Thomas he late commission under the treaty with Mexico? If so, I had the honor to submit to the House, at the Corwill, and that he would go and see him. Governor state whether I sold out all my interest in those claims, time I introduced the resolution calling for this Young went away. I am not sure whether it was the same and when, and to whom. day or the next morning that he returned and said that it " Answer. I was concerned with you in the prosecution of

committee of investigation, I made certain charges was satisfactory to Mr. Corwin to leave it to him (Governor claims up to the time when you went into the Cabinet of Mr. against Mr. Corwin, which the committee felt itYoung) to determine what the value of the claims was; and Fillmore. Your interest was sold prior to your going into Governor Young said, if I was satisfied, it should be the

self called upon to investigate; and that upon those the Cabinet, and your interest was represented atterwards understanding. I told him I was satisfied. Governor by Goveryor John Young, of New York. I don't know

charges they have acquitted Mr. Corwin, and Young afterwards brought me a valuation of the claims, exactly by whom the wbole arrangement was made with

“turned back upon me the odium" of being an (this was along that season,) and I paid about $80,000 for Governor Young. The assignment of his interest was made “ infamous slanderer. them. I recollect that there was an interest in the Gardi to Jacob Little; he afterwards transferred his interest in On the 5th of March last, in my remarks in ner claim included. I think it was in all a little over these claims to George Law. I understood that Young was $80,000 (but not much) that I paid ; but I cannot say bow the negotiator, and that the assignment was made to Little

this House upon the land bill, I 'charged that much I paid for the Gardiner claim in particular. I gave to enable Young to get the money from him fairly; then it

Corwin had been employed in this case, that it niy check for the amount for all the claims, or Mr. Corwin's was transferred to Law, from whom the money was re might receive the aid, not of his legal abilities, not interest in them." ceived. The sale was inade prior to the organization of Mr.

of his great eloquence, but of his political position, Again, Mr. Law says:

Fillmore's Cabinet, which was some time in July, 1850; but
it was agreed that Governor Young and myself shouldesti-

and the influence of his great name. He is not “ I purchased those claims as a favor to Governor Young,

mate the value of your interest in all the claims you were charged with being a party in the fraud, but the who was a friend of mine, and in whom I had entire con

concerned in. We were concerned in thirty-seven claims charge is, that he sold his political position and tidence. lle seemed to be desirous and anxious to relieve

in all. We, Governor Young and myself, concluded the Mr. Corwin from this embarrassment, in the way of going

political influence in aid of a claim, fraudulent in examination of all the papers, and made out the estimate a into the Cabinet. Witness had very little acquaintance

itself, and sustained by perjured testimony.. I short time prior to the next regular session of the board in with Mr. Corwin: he knew him by sight; but he (the witNovember, 1850."

repeated the same language, showing my precise ness) would have done the same thing for any other person to oblige Governor Young, having full confidence in him." Now, Mr. Speaker, I ask, in all fairness, does

meaning in the remarks I submitted at the time of not this case really assume this one aspect? Corwin

calling for the committee of investigation. That “I did not know anything of the value of the claims, exmust sell his interest in these claims before enter

I may place myself right, and be correctly undercept what was stated to me by Governor Young. My ob

stood, I will read from the remarks then made, as ject was not to make or lose money, but to do Governor

ing the Cabinet of President Fillmore. ConseYoung a favor.”

“I made the purchase,

quently, he sells to Governor Young at such price reported in the Congressional Globe, page 2303, relying upon Governor Yonng's judgınent and integrity. as Governor Young himself, and Robert G. Cor

part 3d of the 24th volume, and repeated in the I did not undertake to go into the matter in detail." win should fix upon them; giving them time to

Appendix to the same volume, page 266: Now, Mr. Speaker, what is the only true infer wait until the award of the commissioners should

“Sir, let me divert the attention of this committee for a

single moment to charges that common rumor fasten upon ence to be drawn from such testimony? Why || be known, before fixing the value. And then, as the present Secretary of the Treasury, and which the counsimply this, sir: Governor Young, the sub-treas Governor Young was Mr. Corwin's sub-treasu try demand to have investigated by this Congress. I refer, urer of New York, the custodian of the Govern rer in the city of New York, George Law, the in- sir, to his connection with the Gardiner claim. Public rument money in that city, was the personal friend timate friend and surety of Governor Young, is

mor charges, sir, that Mr. Corwin received $79,000 as the

agent of this Gardiner clain. Now, sir, the inquiry natuof Mr. Corwin. Perhaps, sir, his continuance in used to throw an obscurity over the transaction, rally arises, Why did Mr. Gardiner stipulate to pay Mr. Corthe office of sub-treasurer depended upon Corwin's and give it the semblance of a sale.

win this enormous fee? Was Mr. Gardiner so dumb that assuming the control of the Treasury Department. Why, sir, when you have exposed and set aside

he could not act as the agent of his own claim? Not so,

sir; he is a man belonging to one of the liberal profesPerhaps, too, sir, the fact of Governor Young's George Law's connection with this transaction,

sions, and cannot be supposed to be devoid of common being the sub-treasurer, and controlling the enor you have taken from it the veil of obscurity, and sense; and, sir, if his claim was a just one, he could himmous revenues of the Government in New York, it stands, like Moore's Prophet when the veil was self present it before the proper tribunal and ask a decision will explain George Law's great confidence in, listed, exposed in all its hideous deformity."

upon its merits. But if his claim was bad, he would natand extreme willingness to oblige him. Perhaps,

urally desire to bring the stronger intluence to its support. And yet, sir, this is what the gentleman from lle could not liave selected Mr. Corwin because of his great sir, Governor Young's control of the Government New York calls exonerating Mr. Corwin, "and eloquence; for, sir, a plain, simple statement of facts was money made it necessary, to save appearances, to turning back upon me the odium !”

all that was allowed before the tribunal. He could not have use George Law, or some other third person, lest These five specifications, Mr. Speaker, in the very

selected him on account of his legal acumen in taking and it might be said that the Government money, in order in which I have named them, embrace all the

arranging testimony, for, sir, this case was prepared and

the testimony taken in Mexico; and every one knows that the hands of Governor Young, had been used in duties imposed by the resolution of the House Mr. Corwin, though a great favorite in Mexico in consethis transaction. Perhaps the fact that George upon the Committee of Investigation. That reso

quence of his bloody hand and hospitable grave' sentiLaw was one of Governor Young's sureties, his lution, sir, nowhere charged the committee with

inents, was never in Mexico. Nay, more, sir; a grand in

quest of the country, upon their oaths, have said that this name being upon his official bond for $400,000, the duty of inquiring into Corwin's knowledge of

whole case is a forgery. Why, then, sir, was Mr. Corwin will account for his great confidence in the Gov the fraudulent character of Dr. Gardiner's evi. selected? The answer is obvious: Mr. Corwin is a great etnor, and the loose and unbusiness-like manner dence. No such specification is made in the reso

man with his party. He has been made so, sir, by the in which, by his own showing, he seems to have lution, and as a matter of course no testimony

Whigs of Ohio. They made him their Representative first

in this House ; then, sir, they made him their standardconducted this whole transaction.

was adduced before the committee to establish any bearer of the party in Ohio, by selecting him as their canBe all these conjectures as they may, there can such inference or implication. If any such thing didate for Governor; then, sir, they sent him to the Senate be no doubt but that Governor Young was ex had been attempted, Mr. Corwin, if he chose, of the United States. But this is not all; he was at one tremely anxidus to have Mr. Corwin enter the could at once have objected to the jurisdiction Presidency. His name, in connection with that office, was Cabinet of President Fillmore; and in order to re of the committee, and have told them that they at the mast-bead of his party press. Sir, Mr. Gardiner, as lieve his “ feelings of delicacy,” undertakes to were going beyond the duty assigned them by a shrewd man, knew all this. He knew that this man must negotiate a sale of Corwin's interest in these va the House.

be possessed of great influence with a Whig Adininistra

tion; and for the exercise of this influence, for the power rious Mexican claims. And to oblige Governor Mr. BROOKS. Will the gentleman from Ohio

of this position, Mr. Gardiner co afford to give Mr. CorYoung, without any investigation or examination, allow me to read the preamble to the resolution ? win $100,000, if thereby he could get allowed his claim of the sagacious George Law agrees to purchase those Mr. OLDS. Certainly, sir.

$480,000. But, sir, in what light does it present Mr. Corwin claims. This he does without the least anxiety or Mr. BROOKS. It is as follows:

before the country? The people had sent him here to guard hesitation, as Governor Young is to assess their

their interests; they were paying him eight dollars per day “ Whereas, a strong suspicion rests upon the public mind

to watch the National Treasury ; they supposed, sir, that value. This, too, is satisfactory to Mr. Corwin, that traudulent claims have been allowed by the late Mexi

with the vigilant and ever-watchful eye of Mr. Corwin inasmuch as the claims are to remain untransferred,

can Claiin Commissioners, with one of which it is suspect upon the Treasury, all would be safe. But, sir, rumor says

ed Thomas Corwin, Secretary of the Treasury, has been and his partner and nephew is also to assess their

that they were mistaken in their man; for whilst receiving improperly connected; therefore,” &c. value. Mr. Corwin's feelings of delicacy,” are

pay from the people to watch and guard their Treasury, this Will the gentleman from Ohio incorporate it in

Mr. Gardiner, knowing bis man, feed him on the other side relieved, and he takes his position in the Cabinet. his speech?

--he outbid the people. Gardiner's $100,000 was as omGovernor Young and Bob Corwin wait until the

nipotent over your National Treasury as was the 'Open award of the claims commission is known, or as

Mr. OLDS. Certainly I will. But, Mr. Speak sesame' of Ali Baba over the cavern of the Forty

er, it does not in the least change the interpreta Thieves.'» Mr. Law says, until some time along that season, and then they assess the value; and then, and not till tion of the resolution, neither does it in the least

Mr. Speaker, the evidence of General Thompthen, the contract is consummated and the bargain change the character of the specifications against

son himself, as well as that of Edward M. JohnMr. Corwin. reduced to writing. The precise time, the com

son, Why, sir, the committee do not hesitate to say commission, fully demonstrate it was political in

the secretary of the board of Mexican claims mittee inform us, was in November, more than

that the commissioners allowed fraudulent Mexifour months after Mr. Corwin had entered the

fluence that Gardiner desired to aid and strengthen Cabinet of President Fillmore. can claims. The suspicions of the public then,

his claim, and not forensic eloquence or legal acas affirmed in this preamble, were well founded.

cumen. Mr. Speaker, a careful reading of this testimony Is it not, sir, equally as clear that the connection has satisfied me that Governor Young, Mr. Cor

Johnson, in his testimony, says: of Mr. Corwin with one of them, as affirmed in win's sub-treasurer in New York, and not George

" After the first instances, the board became satisfied that the preamble, was improper? If not, sir, why

Dr. Gardiner himself understood his own case better than Law, was the real purchaser of Corwin's interest

do the committee, as ihey •have done in the bill anybody else, and that the best means of arriving at the truth in these Mexican claims, if such a loose unbusi

now under consideration, seek to make, in future, would be to receive his own statements, and cross-examine ness-like transaction as this could be dignified with

him on all these points." the name of a sale. The extracts already read

precisely such a connection, a misdemeanor, even from Mr. Law's testimony lead the mind imper

though the claim may not be a fraudulent one? Gardiner, then, was fully competent to the ceptibly to this conclusion; and the following ex

Mr. Corwin, sir, is welcome to the full benefit of management of his own case; and in the selec

all his friends can make out of this preamble. tion of his counsel and agents, his object was to tract from the testimony of Robert G. Corwin,

Now, sir, with these facts before us, will thes secure the aid of such persons as had power and taken before the committee, confirms the impres

honorable gentleman from New York, or any hon influence with the commissioners. sion:

orable gentleman, rise in his place and say, that This is shown in the testimony of Waddy " Robert G. Corwin appeared as a witness, and was the committee have not fully sustained every spe- Thompsoli, 1 liv, in speaking of the employment " Question by Hon. Thomas Corvin.

cification made in the resolution of the House I of Major Lally, a near connexion of one of the

Were you concerned with me, as counsel, in prosecuting claims before may, perhaps, be told that, in the remarks which commissioners, says :


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“ Some time in the fall of 1849, or early in 1850, Dr. Gar

both endeavored to negotiate a loan for him, and failed. and made the specifications as I have made them. diner called at iny room and told me that he had been ad

We also failed in our efforts to sell a sbare of the claim. vised to employ Major Lally in this case.

And yet, sir, the gentleman from New York would I protested Capitalists were afraid to invest, because, as they remarked, strongly against it, and said it would be an act of great injus the commissioners had yet several months to sit, and in the

call this an honorable acquittal of Mr. Corwin, tice to me to do so-lo employ him or anybody else without mean time it might occur that Gardiner's clain lacked sup and “ turning back upon me the odium by my my consent. I knew nothing of Major Lally or his charac port, and the board had the power to revoke all it had done

own party ter which would justify any impulation on that account, but

in his regard. At this time Dr. Gardiner came to ine and I knew that such imputations would be made, as he was insisted that I should purchase a share of his claim. At

Mr. Speaker, I will not say that at the time I nearly connected with one of the cominissioners, and, as I first averse to the proposal, my objections were griulually

offered the resolution calling for this committee of had been informed, was not a lawyer; and that he, Gardi overcome, and I purchased one fourth of Dr. Gardiner's investigation, that I had not a settled conviction had certainly counsel enough."

claim for the sum of over $40,000. This being a larger
amount than I could command, and one half being a cash

upon my mind, that Corwin must have known, Gardiner, Mr. Speaker, most undoubtedly em payment, I raised the money by getting my friends in Wast

or at least have strongly suspected, the fraudulent ployed all these men, and gave them most enor ington and Ohio to indorse my paper. Among others, I character of this claim. That conviction has not mous fees, that he might have the influence, not asked Thomas Corwin, and you know Corwin signs every been changed, but greatly confirmed, by the evi

body's note. only of their political, but also of their personal

dence reported by the committee. But, sir, not

"After this I proposed to Mr. Corwin that as we had been position, in aid of his doubtful and fraudulent associated as lawyers in the case, and heretofore in busi

withstanding these convictions, I had no purpose claim.

ness, he should join me in my purchase of an interest in the of making any such charge in the resolution, The charge against Mr. Corwin was, and is,

Gardiner claim. He did so after weighing the matter in his knowing the utter impossibility of proving a man's that he sold his political position, being United

own mind, and finding no valid objection to such a course.
This was in March, 1850."

thoughts or impressions. Nothing in the language States Senator, and his great personal influence with the Whig commissioners, in aid of a claim,

Again, in his testimony before the committee, accompanied the resolution, can be construed into

of the resolution, or in the remarks with which I Robert G. Corwin says: fraudulent in itself, and sustained by perjured tes

such a charge. Upon this precise point, sir, in timony.

“ I purchased the one-fourth of his claim. His reason for commenting upon my colleague's account of Cor

selling it was to raise money to go to Mexico and get this I am aware, sir, that my colleague, (Mr. CAMPadditional proof.”

win's connection with this transaction, ip wbich BELL,) in a speech delivered by him in this House

There is not a remaining doubt, then, but that, contradictions, I used the following language:

supposed he had involved himself ini seeming in August last, by the quotation of a single part as cherged, this sale was made in consequence of graph from a speech of mine, made in July pre Gardiner's necessity to have money to visit Mexico.

“What, sir, is to be the interpretation of these coninvious, not upon this subject, but upon the state of

dictory statements ? I fear ine, sir, that my colleague binpolitical parties, attempted to make me the accuser

And the fact is equally as well established, that, self will convict Mr. Corwin of being a party to this traud. of Mr. Corwin, as being a party in the forgery | the instructions of Corwin and Thompson in his with this money, he actuully visited Mexico, with I fear me, sir, (that from my colleague's own showing,) this

case is likely to be far more serious upon Mr. Corwin thab and perjury committed in this case.

his worst enemies had apprehended.” my colleague on this precise point, I took partic- pocket, and that he returned with his forged testimony.

This language does not look as though I deular pains to be correctiy understood, and conse

Fourth. " That Dr. Gardiner's claim was founded upon

sired, at that time, making Corwin a party to the quently put my exact meaning into the form of

his right to a silver mine in Merico, from which he alleges fraud. I repeat, sir, no matter what might have specific charges. They may be found on page he was expelled by the Mexicans.”

been my setiled convictions, this language shows 2303 of the 3d part of the 24th volume of the Con The committee say:

that I designed making no such charge. It shows, gressional Globe. They are as follows:

“The claim of George A. Gardiner was a claim for dam- sir, that I designed imposing no such inquiry First. " That Mr. Coruin, while acting as Senator, and ages alleged to liave been sustained by him, by reason of upon the committee. Yet, sir, because the comreceiring eight dollars per day for watching and guarding his expulsion, on the 24th day of October, 1846, by the mittee inserted in their report, a paragraph simply the National Treasury, took a contingent fee, said to amount Mexican authorities, from mines which he alleged he was to $100,000, for the prosecution of a claim against that extensively engaged in working in the State of San Luis

stating the fact that “no testimony has been adTreasury." Potosi, in Mexico."

• duced before the committee proving, or tending This specification, excepting so much as fixes Fifth. That no such silver mine as the one claimed by to prove, that the Hon. Thomas Corwin had any the amount of Corwin's fee, is fully sustained by Dr. Gardiner, ever existed.

knowledge that the claim of the said Gardiner the committee, who say “that in May the Hon. Upon this specification, the committee say:

was fraudulent, or that false testimony or forged • Thomas Corwin, then a member of the United « Upon examination of the evidence taken by them, it

'papers had been, or were to be, procured to sus"States Senate, was employed as counsel in the appears from the testimony of José Antonio Barragan, that

tain the same,” I am to be told that the com"Gardiner claim by General Waddy Thompson."

he is well acquainted with the place in the depariment of mittee have acquitted Mr. Corwin of the actual

Rio Verde, State of San Luis Potosi, in Mexico, where Second. " That when about to become the head of the

charges, "and turned back upon me the odium.Gardiner's evidence locates his mine; that there are silver Treasury Department, he sold his contingent fee to a citizen mines in the State of San Luis Potosi, but that there is none

Why, sir, I never for a moment supposed that the of New York for a large amount, said to be $79,000, and at that place, or in the department of Rio Verde."

cunning, sagacious Corwin, had so committed that said claim, amounting to nearly half a million.of dollars, was paid upon the draft or warrant of Mr. Corwin."

Again, the committee say:

himself, as that his knowledge of the fraud would

be proved. “ T'wo witnesses, John Baptiste Barragan and Pantaleon

He would have been The finding of the committee upon this specifi

fool, indeed, cation has already been stated. It is, that " the Galvan, testify to the forgery of the documentary evidence

had he not well covered up his tracks; and not. of Gardiner; and both testify that they are acquainted with withstanding he was surrounded by his friends • Hon. Thomas Corwin resigned his seat in the the locality of Laguinillas, in the State of San Luis Potosi, and accomplices, kept his own secrets closely • Senate, and accepted the appointment of Secre and that there is no silver mine there. These three wit• tary of the Treasury, in the month of July, 1850. nesses are Mexicans, residing in the vicinity where Dr.

locked up in his own bosom. But, sir, apply to Gardiner's testimony locates his inine; they are all gentle Mr. Corwin a principle universal in your couris In the same month, and previous to his going men of character and respectability in their own country. of judicature, " that a man's inward intentions into the Cabinet of President Fillmore as Sec The first named, José Antonio Barragan, held, from 1843 io retary of the Treasury, a sale of his fee interest 1846, the otfice of collector of the customs at Rio Verde.

shall be judged by his outward acts," and then in, and also of his half of the one fourth part of Laguinillas belongs to this district. He now holds the

tell me if you can, sir, that Corwin has estaboffice of comptroller general of the State of San Luis Potosi.

lished his honest intentions, and vindicated his "the Gardiner claim, was negotiated through the They all came to the United States as witnesses, under an

innocence. • intervention of Governor John Young, of New arrangement made by George W. Slacum, Esq., an agent But, sir, the committee do not undertake to say • York, to George Law, Esq., of New York;" and of the United States Government, who went by direction further, that "the money for the sale, $80,357, of Hon. R. P. Letcher, the American Minister in Mexico,

that Corwin had no such knowledge. They to the State and city of San Luis Potosi, for the purpose of merely assert a fact, viz: that no such evidence was received by Thomas Corwin, and on the

investigating the character of the claim of George A. Gar was adduced before the committee. Upon the • 234 of November, was deposited by him to his diner, and the Mears claim, and obtaining testimony in re• credit with Messrs. Corcoran & Riggs." lation to them."

contrary, the inference to be drawn from the dec

laration and the action of the committee is, that Third. “That Thomas Corwin and Robert G. Corwin, his

The Sixth and last charge. “ Thal the evidence upon nephew, through Mr. Corcoran, purchased the one fourth

which the crican claims commissioners awarded nearly they did infer that Corwin must have had suspiinterest of this claim for the sum of $15,000. That with

half a million of dollars to Gardiner, Corwin & Co., was cions, amounting almost to a certainty, that ihe this $15,000 Dr. Gardiner tuice visited Merico in the prepa jorgery from beginning to end."

whole case was a fraud. For it must be admitted aration of his papers and evidence, to be presented to the I have already shown from the finding of the upon all hands that the commissioners who allowed Board of Cominissioners."

committee, that “John Baptiste Barragan and the claim had no better information as to the charI have already shown, from the report of the Pantaleon Galvan, gentlemen of character and acter of the claim than had Mr. Corwin, the concommittee, that Thomas Corwin and Robert G. || respectability, testify to the forgery of the docu- || fidential counsel and agent of Mr. Gardiner. Corwin purchased the one fourth of the Gardiner || mentary evidence of Dr. Gardiner."

It is not to be presumed that Mr. Corwin would claim for a sum of over $ 22,000 instead of $15,000. The committee add:

have purchased one fourth of so large a claim The report of the committee also shows that after " From the evidence before the committee, (the above without having as closely scrutinized its validity receiving this money, Dr. Gardiner proceeded to being only a summary of the more important facts testified

and honesty as did the commissioners. Neither Mexico to complete his testimony. But to sub

to by the witnesses, the cominitiee are constrained to be-
lieve, upon the first branch of the investigation comunitted

is it to be presumed that if the case had been deroid stantiate fully the charge that with this money Dr. to them, that the claim of George A. Gardiner, upon which of suspicion that the Messrs. Corwin could have Gardiner proceeded to Mexico with the instruc an award was made by the Board of Comunissioners for the purchased one fourth of $428,000 for the sum of tions of General Thompson and Thomas Corwin sum of $425,750, was sustained before the commissioners

$22,000. in his pocket, allow me to refer again to Robert G.

by false tesuiony and forged papers, and is a naked fraud
upon the Treasury of the United States."

The committee do not hesitate to censure the Corwin's Lebanon speech, in which, in speaking

commissioners. Does not that censure apply

it from Mexico, “ Dr. Gardiner was now in an embarrassed condition. mony in this case. And yet, sir, every one must

“ The committee, at the same time, are of opinion that The destruction of his priperty in a foreign country irad left admit, from the finding of the committee, after

there were circumstances developed during the course of

the trial which should have induced the Board of Commis. him almost destitute. As one of the consequences, he had having all the testimony before them, that if they sioners to have given the case a more thorough invesugaleft the country largely in debt, and rieemed it unsafe to re had desired to put the facts of this case, as they tion. turu in luis present condition llis old friend Perez Galvez was dead, and he had no powerful friends in Mexico on report them, into specifications for the purpose

“It is in proof, from the testimony of the secretary of

the board, that the claim was suspected by the board from whom he could relv. He had no money for so expensive a of introducing articles of impeachment against

the first, and that Gardiner was frequently called on for journey. In this dilemma, General Thompson and myself Mr. Corwin, they would have used the language, explanations."

of the necessity of procuring additional testimony ed, were drawn up before the taking of any testi- equally as strong to Mr. Corwin? They say:

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Were not these circumstances and suspicions as Call you this bill, sir, exonerating Mr. Corwin will it cause suits to be instituted against them, to well known to Corwin as they were to the com from all suspicions ?

recover back into the National Treasury their pormissioners? To suppose anything else, is to deny I will admit, sir, that if this bill had been re tion of this enormous plunder? to him that sagacity which his friends so fully ac ported from one of the standing committees of the Be the action of Congress what it may, sir, I cord to him.

House, the case would have presented a different have discharged my duty, and am content to abide Mr. Speaker, the committee do not undertake aspect. But not so, sir. The bill comes from the the result. to say that Corwin had no knowledge of the fraud committee appointed to investigate Corwin's conulevt character of this claim. They merely as nection with the Gardiner cluim. If that connec

FOREIGN POLICY--CUBA. sert the fact that no such evidence was presented tion had been all right and honorable, why has to the committee. But, sir, is it not fair to infer the opinion of the committee as to the guilt or in- bill, sir; examine all its provisions. Why, sir, SPEECH OF HON. E. C. MARSHALL, nocence of Mr. Corwin from the recommendation every section of it has been drawn by a master

OF CALIFORNIA, made by the committee to the House? That hand, to meet precisely, and punish by incarcer IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, committee, sir, had been appointed and instructed ation within the walls of the penitentiary, exactly to investigate Corwin's connection with the Gar

January 6, 1853, such a case as that presented by the committee diner claim. And what is their finding? Why, against Mr. Corwin.

In the Committee of the Whole on the state of the that Corwin, whilst acting as Senator, had been Mr. Speaker, if this committee designed exon

Union, on the conduct of the present Adminisconnected with this claim as the agent or counsel !erating Mr. Corwin from all censure, they have

tration in regard to Cuba, and our foreign policy of Gardiner; the committee find, sir, that the done him great injustice by reporting this bill.

generally. Messrs. Corwin had a large fee inierest in the For it is impossible to separate Mr. Corwin's con

Mr. MARSHALL said: claim; they find, sir, that Thomas Corwin and neccion with the Gardiner claim, from the neces

Mr. CHAIRMAN: I had not wished or intended to Robert G. Corwin had purchased the one fourth sity which has called from that committee this claim the attention of the committee to the remarks of this claim; they find that the claim was most most fearful and stringent bill.

I propose to make to-day. I had intended, and fraudulent; and they find that it was sustained And yet, sir, with all these facts staring him in still intend (unless the duty is discharged by some and allowed upon forged testimony. And what the face, the gentleman from New York has the one who can bring before the House the authority do they do, sir? Why, they report the facts to hardihood, may I not say the audacity, to tell this of a greater name) to offer a resolution to this effeci: this House, and they accompany


with House and the country, that the committee have That the Committee on Ways and Means be dia bill making the recurrence of just such transac exonerated Mr. Corwin," and turned the odium rected to report a bill placing at the disposal of the tions as Corwin had been guilty of a misdemeanor, || back upon me.

President of the United States the sum of five and punishable with fine and imprisonment.

Why, sir, this bill, if it were a law, would not or ten millions of money in the Treasury, and not Mr. Speaker, every line, every word of that bill reach the case of any of the parties interested in otherwise appropriated, to meet any exigencies speaks trumpet-tongued the opinion of the com the Gardiner claim, except the case of Thomas which may arise before the meeting of the next mittee as to the guilt or innocence of Mr. Corwin. Corwin. It would not reach Waddy Thompson, | Congress in our foreign relations. I wished to The very caption of the bill has a significance in for he is not a member of Congress. It would have presented some such resotution in the House, it not easily misunderstood. Listen to it:

not reach Bob Corwin, or Mr. Curtis, or Major not only that it might give rise to discussion of “Mr. PRESTON King, from the Select Committee ap Lally. They are not members of Congress, | matters of a practical and important bearing on the pointed to investigate the connection of the Hon. Thomas Corwin with the Gardiner 'claim, reported the following

neither are they connected with any of the Depart- interests of the country, but that such discussion bil)."

ments. If, then, the committee desired to exon might be followed by some action on the part of A bill for what, sir? Why, “ A bill to prevent

erate Mr. Corwin from all censure, why do they this House which would have significance before frauds upon the Treasury of the United States.

seek to punish, by incarceration within the walls the people. I had hoped, and still hope, that a Does not this imply that a fraud had been com

of a dungeon, any Senator or Representative in vote of the House, giving unequivocal expression mitted upon that Treasury? And does it not con

Congress, who shall do precisely what Mr. Cor of opinion upon practical questions will be taken, nect Mr: Corwin with that fraud? Mr. Speaker, win has done?

and I entertain the fullest confidence that that vote let me ask honorable gentlemen to listen to the

Suppose, Mr. Speaker, that this bill had been will have the happiest effect at home and abroad. reading of the bill, section by section, and then

passed into a law, prior to Mr. Corwin's con The expression here in committee of abstract opinlet them say if it is not a most fearful censure cast

nection with the Gardiner claim, what would || ions on questions which may never arise, and by the committee upon Mr. Corwin for his con

have been the consequence? Would he not have which certainly will only arise in the remote future, nection with the Gardiner claim:

been indicted under it? Would he not have been is no part of my purpose to-day: Be it enacted to the Senate and House of Representa | innocent then, only from the fact, that we have no the action of the Executive, so far as any action

liable to its pains and penalties? Mr. Corwin is There are affairs now pending in regard to which bled, That all transfers and assignments hereafter made of law to punish jusi such a case as the committee has been had, has been, as I think, and as I shall any claim upon the United States, or any part or sbare make out against him. But the committee recom endeavor to prove, ruinous to the interests and thereof, or interest therein, whether absolute or conditional, and whatever may be the consideration therefor; and all

mend the passage of a law making it a misde- || fatal to the honor of the nation. Fortunately, our powers of attorney, orders, or other authorities, for receiv. meanor, and punishable with fine and imprison. | foreign policy may yet be changed, or rather, a ing payment of any such claim, or any part or share thereof, ment, to do precisely what Mr. Corwin has done. | foreign policy may be established consistently sball be absolutely null and void, unless the same shall be The truth is, Mr. Speaker, that a stupendous, with the faith of treaties and all our obligations, freely made and executed in the presence of at least two attesting witnesses, after the allowance of such claim, the

fraud has been perpetrated against the Govern while the public interests are protected and the ascertainment of the amount due, and the issuing of a war ment. The National Treasury has been robbed national honor redeemed. The resolution which rant for the payment thereof.

of nearly $500,000. So barefaced has been the I propose to introduce will announce to the incomSec. 2. And be it further enacted, That any officer of the United States, or person holding any place of trust or profit,

fraud, that the committee informs us that in | ing Administration our perfect confidence in it, as or discharging any official function, under, or in connection July, 1852, the United States instituted a chancery the popular vote in the late election has done on with, any Executive Department of the Governient of the suit in the circuit court of the District of Colum the part of the people themselves. It is offered not United States, or under the Senate or House of Representa - bia, to enjoin in the hands of Corcoran & Riggs as a war measure, but simply implies that a change tives of the United States, who, after the passage of this act

, moneys and stocks belonging to G. A. Gardiner, of policy is desired, and that the Executive will United States, or shall act as an agent or attorney for prose

to the amount of between $90,000 and $100,000; | have the support, the earnest and effectual support cuting any clain against the United States, or shall in any . and also in the same month, in the circuit court of Congress. A vote of confidence of this characmanner, or by any means otherwise than in the discharge of of the southern district of New York, to enjoin ter is not without precedent in our history; and it his proper official duties, aid or assist in the prosecution or support of any such claim or claims, shall be liable to in

• in the hands of the New York Life Insurance | is also established firmly in the Government from dictment, as for a misdemeanor, in any court of the United ' and Trust Company moneys and stocks belong- / which many of our usages and laws are derived. States having jurisdiction for the trial of crimes and misde. *ing to George A. Gardiner, to the amount of I shall urge this measure upon the Democratic meanors; and, on conviction, shall pay a fine not exceeding twice the amount of gratuity, fee, or compensation received '$130,500."

party as a peace measure, and one which strikes by the person so convicted, or suffer imprisonment in the

Gardiner, it seems, sir, is to be made to disgorge me as the most important upon which we shall penitentiary not exceeding one year, or both, as the court, his portion of this fraudulent claim-Gardiner is have to act, in its effects upon our national charin its discretion, shall adjudge.

subjected to a criminal prosecution-Gardiner, the acter and national interests. The subject of our Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That any Senator or Representative in Congress who, after the passage of this

humble citizen, in all probability will be convict- | foreign relations has been introduced by gentlemen act, shall receive any gratuity from any claimant against the

ed, and suffer the extreme penalty of the law. in committee, and questions have been debated Unuted States, or shall, for compensation paid or to be paid,

But, sir, what will be, or rather, what ought to be which, although not identical with those which I certain or contingent, act as agent or attorney for prosecu. done with the other parties interested with this think render necessary the vote of confidence of tingimy claim or claims against the United States, or shall in any manner or by any means, for such compensation, aid stupendous fraud ?

which I have spoken, are yet cognate questions; or assist in the prosecution or support of any such claim or

The Messrs. Corwin and Waddy Thompson, || and as the points to which I attach the greatest claims, shall be liable to iudictinent, as for a misdemeanor, no matter what might have been their original im- | importance have been almost neglected and docin any court of the United States having jurisdiction for the trial of crimes and inisdeineanors; and, on conviction, shall

pressions about this claim, are now fully aware trines inculcated of the worst influence upon the pay a fine not exceeding twice the amount of the gratuity or

that it was a naked fraud upon the National State which I represent, in part, I have determined compensation received by the person convicted, or suffer

Treasury. Will they come forward like honest to give my own views of those questions at this imprisonment in the penitentiary not exceeding one year, or

men and refund their portion of the plunder? or time, although I think the subject would have come both, as the court, in its discretion, shall adjudge. SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, Tha: the provisions of

will they tighten their grasp upon their ill-gotten up with more propriety and effect upon a resoluthis act, and of the act of July twenty-ninth, ciglieen hungain?

tion before the House. I shall call the attention dred and forty six, entitled " An act in relation to the pay.

The committee, sir, have reported a bill to pre of the committee to the diplomacy of this Government of claims,"shall apply and extend to all claims against vent and punish the recurrence of such transac ment in the Island of Hayti and the Republic of the United States, whether allowed by special acts of Con gress or arising under general laws or irealies, or in any

tions. Will this Congress content itself with the Nicaragua, because there we have incurred the other manner whatever; and every offense against the pro

passage of this bill? Or in case of the neglect or deepest shame and sustained the greatest loss, and visions of this act shall be a inisdemeanor.

refusal of Thompson, Corwin & Co. to refund, I because these evils are not without easy remedy;

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and for the further reason that the State which I ers were weaker than ourselves. Now, sir, let me mere statement certainly everyaddition of terrirepresent in part has a special and local interest in say in behalf of Young America, and the pro tory, voluntarily connecting itself with an existthe policy of the Government as regards the Gulf gressives, with whose opinions I sympathize, thating governmení, increases the physical force and of Mexico, its islands and shores.

we desire to do no one thing which is not consist resources of every kind, at the disposition of the It is true, as a general principle, that in a Con ent with the sound principles of public law, and constituted authorities of the whole. federacy like ours, the more remote members are, the rights of all our neighbors. That we do not It is true that a pure democracy can only exist and ought to be, more jealous of the honor, and desire war for conquest, or any purpose; that we within narrow territorial limits, and with a very more sensitive to every indication of weakness of regard it as the greatest evil, except dishonor. small population, for the obvious reason that the Union, than those nearer the political and geo And further, that we advocate no measure of for where the people assemble and pass laws directly, graphical center. Ciris sum Americanus is uttered | eign policy which ought, or which we believe will, !| that only a very few can meet or act in concert. with more pride on the shores of the Pacific than lead io war. We contend for no new doctrine; Our own observation and experience proves that the Potomac.

we merely insist upon the strict observance of such democracy should consist of fewer citizens We lead upon the General Government for sup- principles well established by authority, and ne than compose this House, if prompt and efficient port; and nowhere within the ample boundaries cessary for our own peace and safety. I shall, in legislation is the thing desired. But that difficulty, of the Union does there exist the same sentiment another connection, state the doctrines to which I which is as old as the formation of society, was of confiding dependence that we teel. At the allude, while I now consider some of the leading obviated by the system of responsible representasame time there are none of the States which have propositions of the gentleman, (Mr. VENABLE,) | tives of the people themselves. The other objection, felt with such poignant shame the sacrifice of honor which I believe constitute a faith common to the that a legislature assembled from vast distances, and principle, and the deep humiliation, brought !; gentleman and the more conservative portion of could not wisely provide for the local wants of reon us as a people by the present Administration. ihe Whig party.

gions remote, and to the great majority of its comWe believe, we know, that there is strength If I understood the gentleman, he was opposed l ponent members, wholly unknown, has been met enough in the Government, under a manly and to the annexation of Cuba at any time, and in any only conclusively in the bistory of the world by patriotic Administration, to protect all its parts in way, on the ground that the Union could not with

our own system, partly national and partly federal. all their rights. The eagle's wing is strong enough safety embrace any additional territory. I will | The establishment of the doctrine of State rights, to bear its flight over the continent, and its beak also state what I believe is the real operative rea- as a security for efficient local legislation, and a Fedand talons sharp enough to guard its charge, even son of the objection of that gentleman. It is a eral Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary, for the though the lion of England should array himsel! conviction, now nearly universal, that the progress arrangement of foreign relations and of domestic against it in his acknowledged power.

of slavery in American territory is arrested. That affairs, throwing its guardian arm over all, is perThe interest so universally felt in the subject of in all future acquisitions, from the operation of fect in theory and in practice. It appears to give inter-oceanic communication, and much of that felt many active causes, the institution of slavery will the only absolute security against the prevalence in regard to the islands and shores of the Gulf of not exist. It is clear that whatever the reason as- of dangerous faction, by placing always, in the Mexico, has arisen since, and depends on the ac- signed, the ground of opposition to the acquisition hands of the National Government, the force of quisition of California. Commercial necessity of a country so manifestly advantageous to the more than half of the Confederacy; and against forces us to transmit, monthly, nearly three mil South as Cuba would be, either as a free or slave foreign invasion it is a self-evident security-and lions of specie through an independent republic, State, is jealousy of the North.

these internal factions and foreign wars exclude and under the very gans of fortresses which have Mr. Chairman, the time is past when the ques- all the perils which can menace a nation. I cononly to hold us in the contempt we have merited tion of slavery in any territory about to be ac fess that I can see only one limit to the safe exto become hostile; and the inestimable rights of quired, can produce the agitation and danger which tension of territory, and that is in a distance every kind of our citizens are exposed through has arisen from it. The principle is settled by the so great that the constituent citizens would be the same causes, and to the same dangers. I feel compromise, that the citizens of such territory, at unable to hold the representative to the rigid reobliged, therefore, even on occasions not pecu the time, shall determine for themselves this ques- sponsibility which is the basis of the whole sysliarly appropriate, even when the effort will not be tion; and if the North should, by its greater enerproductive of immediate action, to assert the doc gy and aptitude for emigration, acquire the popular Such a Govern:nent seems to me to grow stronger irines I hold, and to expose the imbecility and power, and the right under the rule so settled by | with each accession of territory, and like a wellcorruption, from which even now we are suffering. the compromise, to declare any territory seeking constructed arch, to acquire greater firmness from The Island of Cuba, and the possibility and prob admission into the Union, free, the South could increased pressure and accumulated weight. But ability of its annexation to the Union, and the not, if it would, under the Constitution and laws, suppose the worst did happen, from the annexapolicy of the Administration toward the Govern and would not if it could, resist a measure benefi- || tion of Cuba, or any other province-suppose the ment on which it is dependent, have produced | cial to the whole nation. The South should be worst to have come--that the parts could no longer much debate. The danger of collision between satisfied with the guarantees of the Constitution | hold together, but must dissolve: what then? Spain and ourselves seems to me to have passed and the laws, for their peculiar institution; and I say, still, that the experiment is worth trying, for the present, and, right or wrong, the questions even if it be receding, if the conditions of human and that good would result even from the tempobetween us are settled. I do not think that in society, and the progress of free States militate

rary union.

We would have introduced new good faith the next Administration can, or that it against it; if with the protection thrown round it ideas; we would have taught the lesson of selfwill, assert any claim or principle likely to renew by the organic law of the land, it be yet in its own government, of resistance to oppression, of freethe late difficulties, or to change materially our nature temporary and evanescent, and about to dom, of the equality of men in the eye of the law, relations with Spain or Cuba. I cannot see that disappear before the democratic energies and the of the dignity of the individual, without which any immediate necessity exists for a change in our laws of political economy, there is neither the teachings, man had better not be. policy, or that any practical question is likely to wisdom of a statesman, nor the generous patriot We would have made converts to the faith of arise. Neither the next Administration, nor the ism of a good citizen, in seeking to impede the ad-human liberty, and given their true value to a napresent generation, will be called on to act in re vance, and check the development of States where tion; and whether we continued to exist in one gard to it, and I am willing to leave it to the wis no such institution obtains.

Union, or broke into fifty free republics, the world dom and courage and patriotism of those who I believe myself, and I speak only for myself, would be improved by the diffusion of that knowlwill, by the course of events, and in the fullness that there will be no more slave territory annexed edge, which alone makes life tolerable. The great of time, have to meet it. I cannot but allude to to the United States. The history of the country, Union so broken, would be like a fractured diaone significant fact, of which I have seen no ex and especially of California, establishes the fact, mond, less valuable certainly in its fragmentary planation, which goes to prove that the Adminis. and illustrates the principle which governs the state, but still the same precious material, reflectiration is by no means confident of the propriety case. Look at California. If slavery could ever ing from each brilliant part the light of American of its course in the most exciting and threatening progress, it would have obtained there. Slavery civilization, intelligence, and liberty. of the Cuban difficulties. The American Consul is only advantageous to the slaveholder in coun No one can have less sympathy than myself in Havana, who had pursued precisely the course tries where the largest amount of labor can be be with the wild excesses into which doctrines liberal, consistent with the expressed views and instruc stowed on the smallest surface, and where it pays but at the same time safe and prudent, have been tions of the Government, who carried out with a the heaviest profit. Now, sir, since man first left sometimes carried. I would by no means defend tameness and cowardice, which should have made the Garden of Eden, there has been no place dis- the vagaries of Anacharsis Clootz, or such sects him Secretary of State, the will of the Executive, i covered where these conditions are so wonderfully as he represented. I mean to be never the adwas by that very Executive dismissed with dis met, as in California--and yet I tell gentlemen that vocate of wild and self-sacrificing propagandism; honor, and given over to the execrations of the there never was a time when slavery could have but I prefer it much, in its worst form, to the exwhole unanimous people, without one word of ex been introduced there, nor is such a time coming. treme of conservatism--that conservatism which planation or defense.

We approved the compromise; but the character would, in terror and suspicion, withdraw from all The gentleman from North Carolina, (Mr. Ven. of our State was fixed without it. Labor was im- || foreign intercourse into Japanese solitude; that conABLE,) who introduced this discussion, did not con posed as a curse, (and it is awful in my private servatism which, in dread of entangling alliances, fine himself to an examination of the policy of the opinion,) and free citizens will not submit to have would refuse to declare a principle of public law, Administration in respect to Cuba, but went on to it made dishonorable, as well as disagreeable, by or in the maintenance of strict neutrality neglect to the assertion of general principles, which I was slave competition. Free men will be the first em defend its citizens, plundered by both belligerents; surprised to hear from him, and in which I by no igrants, and they have, and will protect their aris-i that conservatism which instructs the represent

That gentleman also indulged tocracy of labor from the action of organized capital, atives of a great Republic to avoid in monarchical himself in a general reprobation of the doctrines | in the shape of slavery.

courts the expression of the sentiment of the counof progress, and the plans of filibusters, and But as regards the proposition now beginning try they represent, or the inculcation abroad of seemed to intimate a belief that some political par to be urged in the most unexpected quarter, that the free principles which alone give value to govty, or section of a party, were desirous of lawless any extension of territory is dangerous to the ernment;that conservatism which hes already made conquest, and in favor of predatory incursions || Union, I shall say only a few words. The directly our own diplomatic corps mere evidences of the upon neighboring Powers, especially if those Pow- ll opposite proposition would seem trúe upon its ll power, mere trappings and circumstances to swell

means concur.

320 CONG..... 20 Sess.

Foreign PolicyCubaMr. Marshall.

Ho. OF REPs.

the pomp and Aatter the insolence of those poten- i tion, not solely or principally with a view to pecu ininican government upon the basis which you may jointly lates to whom their very presence should be a sol- niary advantage, but a periodical which shall be

prescribe to him, or to consent to a truce with that govem

ment of not less than ten years. emn warning; that conservatism which dares not the jealous guardian of the rights of the people

“ The Emperor should be made properly aware of the interpose in friendly mediation between its own and the honor of the nation; which shall speak dangers which he and his country may encounter, if ho neighbors, without calling in the crowned heads with the boldness of conscious knowledge on all should be unfortunately advised to reject reasonable terms of Europe to destroy its influence, and laugh at its subjects of public importance. Upon this ques.

of pacification; but you will stop at remonstrance until

further notice." folly. Liberal opinions and bold policy may run tion of Hayti, the Republic copies the article of into inconsiderate rashness; but pradent conserva the Union as being perfectly in accordance with the

Now, if this means anything, it means that the

United States assert a right to intervene forcibly, tism may also degenerate into cowardly imbecility. vieros of the Administration. Did not the Union The notions of an hundred years past are not ne know, had its editor never heard, that the Demo

if necessary, in the affairs of the island, and that

that intervention has been made in a way that calls cessarily or generally suitable or safe at this date. cratic party, so far as it had expressed, by the

for “the warmest commendations" from the The conservatism of the present day is a mere press or otherwise, its opinions on this point, had eddy in the rushing and resistless tide of human visited, with the deepest reprobation, the course of stowed upon the total failure to appease his

Union. Those warmest commendations are bedevelopment and progress. The position of our the Administration--but the article itself contains continent, its mere geographical position, makes' (what every one in the country knows, and noth

(Soulouque's) ferocious wrath,” or “drive him impossible the policy of conservatism. Placed be- ing more) enough to convict itself of absurdity,

from his bloody purpose.” If the Union desired tween the civilization of the Orientals, which the and the Executive of weakness and disregard of would have been generous to the Administration;

to defend or explain this contemptible failure, it maturity of despotism has well-nigh destroyed, one of the fundamental principles of American

but to bestow the warmest commendations upon and the nations of Europe still fresh and vigorous policy. It says: even under the curse of monarchical and aristo

it for permitting a bloody, savage--not acknowl

“In general, the foreign policy of President Fiilmore's cratic institutions, commercial necessity, like the

edged by the very Administration itself as one of administration has not been in accordance with our notion attraction of gravitation, forces contact with both. of what the foreign policy of this country should be, and we

the recognized Powers of the earth--to mock and bave been constrained in some instauces to express an entCommerce must have its agents, must be protect

defy it, while he does the very thing about which pbatic disapprobation of negotiations which seemed to us the issue has been made, is self-evident nonsense. ed. Representatives of the Government, with io compromise the dignity and to surrender the rights of the

This is the plain statement: The United States political character higher than the mere consul, United States. For this reason, any instances of an ener

says to Soulouque, You shall not make war on and hedged round by the sacred jus postliminii, in- getic or wise administration of the foreign affairs of the

country by an Executive whose general policy we have been the republic of Dominica; Soulouque says, I will troduce the very atmosphere of the republic to the

constrained to condemn, will the more readily command court of the monarch-opinions are diffused, sym

make war on the republic of Dominica; and the our warmest commendation. Such an instance of wise pathies are created, interests spring up, which diplomacy do we regard the efforts of this Governinent, in

United States don't say anything more-but the may be affected by the terms of treaties to which conjunction with Great Britain and France, to arrest the

Union says, it is “an energetic and wise adminwe are not parties; wars and pacifications, trans

sanguinary designs of the negro Emperor of Hayti against istration of the foreign affairs of the country.

the republic of Dominica. fers of territories by which our rights and privi

Oh, shade of Dogberry! rejoice, that at length

" By som emeans, publicity has been given to the correleges may be sacrificed, so blended become the spondence between the State Department and Mr. Robert

thy profound teachings are appreciated by a Whig interests of commercial nations that an injury to M. Walsh, its agent in the negotiation for the pacification

Administration and a Democratic editor: of Hayti. In the various papers which constitute this corone is an injury to the other. The United States

Dogberry. You shall comprehend all vagrom men; you respondence, the mouves and purposes of the Adininistra

are to bid any man--Stand, in the prince's name. must either adopt a Japanese seclusion, or she tion in proffering its good offices in behalf of the Dominican

" Watchman. How if he will not stand? will be forced into entangling alliances, and will republic, are frankly and clearly set forth. become the involuntary propagandist of the hide

* In 1821, the Spanish portion of the Island of St. Do

6 Dogberry. Why then, take no note of him, but let

him go; and presently call the rest of the watch together, mingo voluntarily subjected itself to the government of ous principle of republican liberty. Conservatism

and thank God you are rid of a knave." Hayti, then presided over by Boyer. On the expulsion of is impossible: we must go backward or forward. Boyer, and on account of the wrongs and grievances wbich But, sir, the Union seems wholly unconscious We must decline into worse than colonial feeble

they had endured, with a repetition of which they were that the Administration has not been content to

menaced, the Dominicans threw off the subjection of negro ness, or we must accomplish a mission of worldgovernment and established an independent republic. To

render itself simply ridiculous, and contemptible; wide beneficence. Fogyism itself would look hope this step the Spanish inhabitants of si. Domingo were driven but that to do so effectually, it has violated a prinfully forward from one of our California prom- | by the necessity of self-preservation. Not only were their ciple, the very clearest and least liable to dispute ontories, around which break, unchecked in their political rights and their liberty invaded and trampled upon

in our entire foreign policy. I allude to the docby the black barbarians of Hayti, but the doom of indiswild play for six thousand miles, the giant waves criminate slaughter and extermination was incessantly held

trine of Monroe. The Union makes itself responof the Pacific ocean. (Plenipotentiaries from China before them in the threats of the Macaya and Dessalines. sible for the joint mediation of France and Eng, offering unrestricted intercourse)-Fogyism itself "By the most imperious necessity, then, were the Do land, accepted by the Administration in direct and would become a convert to progress, and fancy | Nevertheless, their act of separation was regarded as a reminicans impelled to set up an independent government.

apparently intentional, gratuitous, and wanton viothe very continent a vast ship voyaging triumph volt by the negroes of Hayti, who prepared to reduce the

lation of the policy which is essential alike to our antly into that future, which opens bright but rebel wbites to subjection by the strong arm of force. All safety and our honor. In another connection, I boundless around humanity.

the efforts of the Maytian government were unequal, how will state the doctrine, and what I conceive to be I have said, Mr. Chairman, that the subject to ever, to the reconquest of Dominica. The Spaniards de

its meaning and effect; but for the present purfended themselves with valor and energy, and, despite the which I should ask the attention of the committee, disparity of numbers, successfully repelled the invasions of pose, I would only direct the attention of the was of a practical character. In the investigation their foes. They achieved and established their independ Union to the National Intelligencer of December of the policy of the Administration in the Island ence. France formally recognized the republic of Domi 23d, where “non-interference on the part of Euroof Hayti, I shall attempt to prove that the doc

nica. England and the United States recognized it hy their
Still Soulouque refused to acknowledge the inde-

pean Powers with the independent Governments of the trine of Mr. Monroe, and the principles of na pendence of the Dominicans, and persisted in his efforts to New World," is stated as an admitted principle of tional law, and the dictates of humanity, and the reduce them to subjection. In this juncture, under the all parties-apparently in the same happy oblivion impulses of universal manhood, that all the settled apprehension of a very formidable attack by Soulouque, the of ihe course of the Administration in this and and necessary rules of conduct peculiar to the

Dominican government solicited the mediation of the Uni.
ted States, Great Britain, and France, to restore, if possible,

other transactions, as the Union. United States, as between it and the Powers of

peaceable relations with its savage neighbors. Great Britain But leaving the Democratic orgun to the consoEurope, in the adjustment of the affairs of this and France promptly acceded to the proposition, impelled lation to be derived from the sympathy of the continent, and the instruction and all-pervading thereto by every consideration of justice and humanity.

Republic, I will examine the course of the AdminWithout reluctance, the United States followed their exainsense of dignity and personal consequence which ple. The Government dispatched Mr. Walsh to the Hay.

istration in regard to Hayti, by the light of its regulates the deportment of man to man, have tian court, lo coöperate with the representatives of Great own official correspondence, and other reliable been openly and absurdly violated. That the Britain and France in the humane endeavor to persuade sources of information. The momentous importrights and interests of the United States, the

the Emperor Soulouque to abandon bis hostile designs ance of this island to the United States in a com

against the Dominicans. rights and interests of a sister Republic, have been

"Persuasion could not appease his ferocious wram, nor

mercial point of view, and its still greater imcontinually and wantonly sacrificed. These are could threats drive him from his bloody purposes. He per. portance as a naval depôt, has been strangely strong terms, but I shall endeavor to establish the sisted in his designs against Dominica, and would in no overlooked. I do not speak of the policy of its title of the Administration to yet stronger epi- mediating Powers could effect was the prolongation of an manner acknowledge its independence. The utmost the

annexation, nor do I contemplate its acquisition thets. And here, sir, in advance of the argu existing truce.

by the United States; nor do I believe that the ment, and assuming, for a moment, what I pro “And this was the issue of a negotiation for which the course of the next Administration ought to be or pose to prove, I must express my astonishment Administration deserves credit. It originated in an impulse

will be shaped with any such purpose; but this I and mortification at the course of the central Demof humanity, and sought to protect a civilized community

do from the oppression and ferocity of a blood-thirsty savage.

say is obvious from a single glance, that its inocratic journal, (The Unions) in regard to this The mission of Mr. Walsh was a mission of peace and true

dependence of Europe is of more moment to us affair. This journal, which should be the organ philanthropy."

than that of Cuba; and that the protection of the of the party–which should exert an immense in

Even in the imperfect history of the Island of white republic, which embraces iwo thirds of its fluence in the formation of public opinion—which Hayti here given, it is clear that the Dominicans surface, against the negro empire which holds and should gather, with patient labor, correct informa

were entitled to their independence in the judg- ruins while it holds the other third, is at once our tion for general diffusion; this paper which should be a vigilant sentinel over the doings of the Ad

ment both of the Union and the Administration; duty and our interest, and that such interference ministration, has selected this disgraceful negotia-ent, they invited the United States to protect them that being so entitled, and in fact being independ should be without the cooperation of any Euro

pean Power; but that in that island, more than tion for its approbation. The Union has exhibited the last degree of ignorance and thoughtlessness founded on murder, and continued and sustained | joint mediators, or in any other way, should be

against a savagę whose power was originally elsewhere, the interference of Europe, whether as in its article upon this subject, and has not only by lawless outrage.' The Union indorses this par- | effectually, prevented. The dependence of Cuba failed to throw any light upon it, but has not even agraph from the instructions of Mr. Webster to on Spain is the cause of the embarrassments and reflected truly the conclusions or reasoning of Mr. Walsh, the agent who conducted the nego- difficulties which have sprung up in that direction. even the most careless observers of passing events. tiation:

Hayti has for nearly thirty years been wholly inWe want beyond everything a party organ which shall be conducted, not as a commercial specula- ll the Emperor to conclude a permanent peace with the Do

“ You will then, conjointly with your colleagues, require dependent of all European power. The island

contains about thirty thousand square miles. Of


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