Abbildungen der Seite

320 Cong.....30 Sess.

Special Session— Cloyton-Bulwer Treaty.


and it was not the understanding of the contract the West Indies, an officer of great moderation, Sir, in our views of the glorious future that ing parties that they should be affected one way who is distinguished for his friendly feelings to awaits the Union, we are apt to regard geographior the other by the stipulations of the treaty of wards the United States, and at whose instance cal extension as the measure and the index of our 19th of April, 1850.

the British Admiralty have very lately put in the country's progress. I do not deny the general corI understand the facts in reference to the recent possession of Commodore Perry, commander of rectness of that impression. It is necessary for the establishment of the colony to be these: These ihe squadron sent out by this Government to Ja. || formation of the highest type of national character islands were among those which were seized, pan, a large number of charts and hydrographic | that it should be formed and exhibited upon a grand given up, and seized again, while the state of things works—everything, in short, to facilitate the expe- and extensive scale. It cannot be developed within lasted which I described in a former part of my dition-has sent a war steamer to Truxillo to iell the bounds of a petty State. Nor do I admit remarks, and finally the English of late years have the authorities there that they must recall an armed that this idea of geographical extension necessarily considered that the title “ de facto and de jure,(! party which they had sent over the frontier to carries with it—ihough it does perhaps by natural quote the words of a dispatch of Lord Palmerston) break up the settlements of the English wood-cut- || association--that of collision with other Powers. was in them. As to the validity of the claim, i ters on the river Limas. I do not think anything But, sir, I think there is no fear, so far as geohave not a word to say. I am only stating the serious will grow out of these transactions; and I graphical extension is necessary, that we shall in pretensions of England; and I suppose it is admit can only say, that if there were a disputed bound the natural progress of things, have as much of it, ied that at the time the treaty was negotiated, ary between us and Mexico, and Mexico were to and as rapidly as the best interests of the country those dependencies were not, any more than Belize send an armed force to break up a settlement of admit or require. In the mean time, if we wish a itself, understood by the negotiators to be included Americans, and destroy their establishments, I real, solid, substantial growth-a growth which in the stipulations of the treaty. Two or three think we should tell them in the plainest terms the will not bring us in collision with foreign Powyears ago, as I understand, the inhabitants of the

English language contains, that the United States ers—we shall have it in twenty-five years to our islands, not being very numerous, sent a messen did not understand that way of settling boundary | heart's content; not by the geographical accession ger to the superintendent of the Belize, and in controversies.

of dead acres; not by the purchase of Cuba, or by formed him that they were without any regular The Senate will infer, from what I have now the partition of Mexico, but by the siinple peaceful government, and that they wished one to be estab said, that I do not apprehend any disturbance of increase of our population. lished. He told them, very reasonably, that her the peaceful relations between this country and Sir, have you well considered that that mysteBritannic Majesty could not afford to govern them Great Britain, in consequence of the state of ihings rious law which was promulgated on the sixth day for nothing; and that they must see how much in Central America. In the last speech which I of the Creation—“. Be fruitful and multiply and they could raise by voluniary taxation to defray had the honor to make in the House of Repre- replenish the earth"-will, in twenty-five years of the expenses of the Government. They held a sentatives, now eighteen years ago, I expressed peace and union-forit is all wrapped up in thatmeeting and agreed that they would tax them. the opinion that there was no danger of a war aided by the foreign immigration, give us another selves £200 a year. They seni word of the result between the United States and France, with whom || America of living men as large as that which we to the superintendent of the Belize, who told them our friendly relations were seriously menaced in now possess? Yes, sir, as far as living men are that for that he thought he could get them a regular | consequence of the delay of the French Chambers concerned, besides replacing the millions which government. In consequence of that, the order

to make an appropriation to carry into effect Mr. will have passed off the stage, it will give us all of last July was issued establishir.g the colony of Rives's treaty of indemnity. I am not sorry, in that the arm of Omnipotence could give us, if it the Bay Islands. Such is the account I have re- || raising my voice for the first time as a member of should call up from the depths of the Pacific, and ceived of the origin of this colonial organization, the Senate, that it is for the purpose of expressing join to the Union another America as populous as not however, I ought to add, from any official similar sentiments in reference io Great Britain. ours. If by any struke of power or policy you source.

It is not because either in this case or in that could to-morrow extend your jurisdiction from If these facts are as I have stated, I think it I am indifferent to the interests or the honor of Hudson's Bay to Cape Horn, and iake in every may be said that there is no violation of the stipu. my country. Far otherwise, sir; it is because I State and every Government, and all their popula. lation of the treaty in organizing that colony. Al do not think they are in danger. I agree with the tion, it would not give to you a greater amount of the same time, I must candidly say, that I think | distinguished Senator from Illinois (Mr. Douglas] population, including your own, than you will it is an ill-advised step. I have no doubt it has been that England does not love us. In the relations have at the end of twenty-five years by the simhastily taken on the suggestion of the colonial of countries which are governed by Constitutions, i ple law of increase, aided by immigration from authorities, and that it has been passed inadvert- || by Parliaments, and by Congresses, there is no abroad. ently through the Foreign Office at London, with room for love or for hate, or for any senti I shall not live to see it. My children probably out a sufficient consideration of the circumstances mental influence; enlightened regard to the public will. The Senator from Illinois, in all human of the case. I think that the organization, the interest is the only rule of action. It is only un- | probability, will live to see it, and there is, perhaps, avowed organization into a colony of islands der absolute governments—under a monarch who, no one more likely than he to impress his views belonging geograpically-whatever may be the like Louis XIV., can say “I am the State”—that of public policy upon the mind of those growing case politically-to Central America, and within there is room for love and for hate. Between us millions, and to receive from them in return all the eight of the Honduras coast, is, considering the and England, and the rest of the constitutional honors and trusts which a grateful people can just susceptibility of the American mind on this

Powers of Europe, there is room only for the in bestow upon those they respect and love. Let subject, which is not greater than would exist in Auence of the dictates of an enlightened regard to me adjure him, then, to follow the generous imEngland on a similar subject and in a parallel the public weal. But this I will say, that I am pulses of his nature, and after giving, like a true slate of affairs, a very ill-advised and indiscreet persuaded at this time that with all parties in patriot, his first affections to his own country, to step. I have no doubt the consent of the Home | England a mutually beneficial, peaceful intercourse be willing to comprehend all the other friendly Government has been surprised into it, by the with the United States is considered a cardinal countries of the earth within the scope of a liberal officious zeal of the colonial authorities, and I en principle of the policy of the Government; and I consideration, and above all to cultivate the spirit tertain a strong expectation that when, through ihink that on our side toward England, and to and arts of peace-of peace. the dispassionate representation of this Govern ward Europe, we ought to consider a mutually Sir, it is the opposite spirit of military aggran. ment it shall be brought to the consideration of l beneficial, peaceful intercourse as a cardinal prin- i dizement, the spirit of conquest, that has forged the British minister, it will be retraced. l.hope it || ciple of our policy.

those chains in Europe which the Senator so elowill. I think it will be as it was in the case of the I cordially sympathize with the distinguished quently deplores. li was this that brought down Sandwich Islands in 1843. You know that at that Senator from Illinois, in the glowing views that he Asia to the dust in the morning of the world, and time the United States first agreed to recognize the entertains of the future growth and glory of our has kept her seated in sackcloth and ashes ever independence of those islands. A communication country. I wish I could persuade him that this since. This blasted Greece; this destroyed Rome. was made by me to that effect to the British Minis- glorious future of America is not inconsistent with It was not a foreign enemy that laid the ax to the ter for Foreign Affairs in London. Heagreed that an equally auspicious future for the friendly Powers root of Rome's freedom; it was her own proconhis Government would recognize their independ- of Europe. I wish I could persuade him that suls coming home from the successful wars of ence, and use its best influence to induce France to

that part of the world is not exclusively the region | Asia, gorged with the gold of conquered provinces. do the same. The next news that came was that

of tombs and monuments that he so graphically | The spirit of military aggrandizement and conLord George Paulet, who commanded the British described, but that in every country in Europe, ll quest have done the same for Europe. Will they squadron in the Pacific, had seized the islands, had more in some than in others, but visibly in all, not do it here if we indulge them ? 'Do not let the struck the Hawaiian flag, and hoisted the flag of there is progress; that liberal ideas are at work; Senator think that I suspect he wishes to indulge England. The first thing done by the British that popular institutions and influences are steadily | them; but will they not do it? Will they not give Government was to disavow the rash and unau forming themselves; that the melioration of the us vast standing armies, overshadowing navies, thorized act. It was the same thing with the laboring classes is going on; that education and colossal military establishments, frightful ex: seizure of Tigre Island by Mr. Chatfield, in 1848; / social comforts are making their way there. It is penditures, contracts, jobs, corruption which it and although the case is different, these islands true, I beg the gentleman to believe me, it is true; | sickens the heart to contemplate? And how can having for a long time been in the unqualified, and nothing will promote this favorable state of our simple republican institutions, our elective though contested, possession of Great Britian, I do things more than the kindly sympathy and a salu- magistracies, our annual or biennial choice of think, under all the circumstances of the case, that tary example on the part of this country. And I those who are to rule over us, unsupported by on a calm and dispassionate representation from will also say that there is no country in Europe hereditary claims or pretorian guards, be carried this Government, this hasty step will be retraced. that I have ever visited, whatever temporary causes

on under such influences? With respect to the transactions at Truxillo, we of irritation may have existed with this govern

Do not mistake me, however, sir. I counsel no have nothing but newspaper information on the ment or that government—there is not a country pusillanimous doctrine of non-resistance. Heaven subject, and even that informs us that there has of Europe where the name and character of an forbid ! Providence has placed us between the been no bombardment, no cannonading of the American citizen is not a direct passport to every two great world oceans, and we shall always be a place, as at first reported; but Sir George Sey- | good office that a stranger can desire, and nowhere maritime Power of the first order. Our commerce mour, the commander of the British squadron in more than in England.

already visits every sea, and wherever it floats it NEW SERIES.No. 19.

32D CONG.....30 Sess.

Special Session-Select Committee on Frauds, & c.


must be protected. Our immense inland frontier est, duty, and honor, may require when the time Mr. HUNTER. If the Senator will add a prowill always require a considerable army; and it for action comes. With these remarks, I am viso that the committee shall not sit during the should be kept in the highest state of discipline. || willing to close the discussion.

recess, I will have no objection to the resolution. The schools at Annapolis and West Point ought Mr. MASON. There will be no question, I Mr. WELLER. As chairman of the committee, to be the foster children of our Republic. Our i take it for granted, that the President will have it ! propose going home very early next month, and arsenals and our armories ought to be kept filled in his power during the vacation of Congress to I am sure there will be no sessions of the commit. with every weapon and munition of war, and obtain a vast amount of necessary information to tee in the recess. The resolution simply proposes every vulnerable point on the coast ought to be | guide the future policy of this country towards to allow the committee to report, and I do not fortified. But while we act on the maxim "in Central America. There can be as little doubt think under that authority, ihey could, if they peace prepare for war,'' let us also remember that that when the information is obtained it will be laid desired, sit during the recess. However, if my the best preparation for war is peace. This swells before the Congress of the United States. I have friend from Virginia thinks it necessary, I have no your numbers; this augments your means; this said, therefore, to the honorable Senator from Dela- | objection to adding the proviso. knits the sinews of your strength; this covers you ware, who offered the resolution, that we shall Mr. HUNTER. I think they might sit under all over with a panoply of might; and then, if war have the information for which he calls without the authority conferred by the resolution; and ! must come, in a just cause, no Power on earth a call of the Senate; but if that call must be made, should therefore like to have the proviso added. I no, sir, not all combined—can send forth an adver- , it will be necessary, in my judgment, very much know there will be other applications to continue sary from whose encounter you need shrink. to enlarge it, because it applies only to informa- | committees, and I shall oppose them all.

But give us these twenty-five years of peace. I tion as to the dominion in the islands. In order, The PRESIDING OFFICER, (Mr. COOPER do believe that the coming quarter of a century is however, to dispose of the subject, which I do | in the chair.) The Senator from California acto be the most important in our whole history, with the approbation of the Senator from Dela- cepts the modification suggested by the Senator and I do beseech you let us have the twenty-five ware, I move that the resolution lie upon the from Virginia. years, at least, of peace. Let our fertile wastes table.

The resolution as modified was agreed to. be filled up with swarming millions; let the tide The motion was agreed to. of immigration continue to flow in from Europe;


EXECUTIVE SESSION. let the steamer, let the canal, let the railway, es

On motion by Mr. SUMNER, it was pecially the great Pacific railway, subdue these

On motion by Mr. MASON, the Senate pro

Ordered, That leave be granted to withdraw the papers mighty distances, and bring this vast extension

ceeded to the consideration of Executive business; relating to the claim of the Boston Steainboat Relief Cominto a span; let us pay back the ingots of Califor- \ and after some time spent therein, the doors were pany, B. B. Forbes. nia gold with bars of Atlantic iron; let agriculture reopened,

EXECUTIVE SESSION. clothe our vast wastes with waving plenty; let the

And the Senate adjourned.

On motion by. Mr. MASON, the Senate proindustrial and mechanic arts erect their peaceful

ceeded to the consideration of Executive business, fortresses at the waterfalls of our rivers; and then in the train of this growing population, let the print

Tuesday, March 22, 1853.

and after some time spent therein, the doors were

reopened. ing office, the lecture-room, the school-room, and the village church, be scattered over the country;

Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. Butler.

THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON FRAUDS, ETC. and, sir, in these twenty-five years, we shall ex


Mr. BORLAND. I have a report, Mr. Presihibit a spectacle of national prosperity, such as A message was received from the President of dent, which I am directed to make from the Select the world has never seen on so large a scale, and the United States in answer to a resolution of the Committee on Frauds, Abuses, &c. Before doing yet within the reach of a sober, practical contem 17th instant, requesting copies of certain proposi- so, however, it will be proper to recur briefly to plation.

tions to Nicaragua and Costa Rica, relative to the the circumstances under which the committee have

settlement of the territorial controversies between acted. Mr. DOUGLAS. I do not intend to prolong the States and Governments bordering on the river

This committee was originally appointed last this discussion, but I think it due to myself to San Juan, transmitting a report from the Secretary summer, but was unable, for want of time, to make a word of comment upon one remark which of State, and the documents by which it was ac complete its duties during that session, which adfell from the eminent Senator from Massachusetts. i companied; which was referred to the Committee journed the last of August. During the recent I understand him to agree with the Senator from on Foreign Relations.

session it was reappointed, and continued its inDelaware, that his letter in relation to Cuba, in The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the || vestigations until the close. Finding its duties still which he laid down the policy of making no pledge Senate a communication from the Secretary of the unfinished, owing to the mass of testimony they in regard to its future condition, was not appli- | Interior, transmitting additional papers in relation had taken, and which had to be arranged and cable to Central America; and that therefore those

to the allegation of fraud contained in certain pub- embodied in a report, permission was asked and two Senators agree to stand on a common platform lic prints with regard to the disbursements by

obtained to continue their sittings during this speupon that point. Sir, I am not willing, by the Alexander Ramsey of money appropriated to

cial session, in order to prepare and present their concurrence of those two Senators, to be put in carry out the stipulations of treaties concluded report. the position of having made a misapplication of with the Sioux Indians; which, on the motion of

The committee consisted of five membersthat letter. The main point to which I referred in Mr. Sebastian, was referred to the Committee on three Democrats and two Whigs. Of these, the the letter of the Senator from Massachusetts to Indian Affairs.

Senatorial terms of the two Whig members (Mr. the Compte de Sartiges, was this: in it the Sena Also, a communication from the Secretary of UNDERWOOD of Kentucky, and Mr. Brooke of tor said that it was not within the competent au the Interior, transmitting additional papers in re Mississippi) terminated with the Congress on thority of this Government, under the Constitu- lation to the Mexican Boundary Commission; the 4th of this month. It became necessary, ition, io give any pledge that in all coming time which, on the motion of Mr. Weller, was re therefore, to make up the regular number of the we would never annex any territory, which in the li ferred to the Select Committee on the subject, and committee to supply these vacancies; and two course of events might become desirable, to this ordered to be printed.

other. Whig members (Mr. Morton of Florida, Union. If it was not competent, under the Con

and Mr. Thompson of Kentucky) were appointed. stitution, to give that pledge in reference to the


These gentlemen met the other members of the Island of Cuba, where does he find the constitu Mr. JAMES, from the Committee on Patents committee a few days ago-the whole committee tional authority to give it in the Clayton-Bulwer and the Patent Office, submitted the following consisting of Mr. Houston, chairman, Mr. Bortreaty with reference to Costa Rica and Nicara - il resolution:

LAND, Mr. WALKER, Mr. Morton, and Mr. gua, and other Central American States? If there

Resolved, That the clerk to the Committee on Patents

THOMPSON—when the cases which had been exbe an absence of constitutional power in the one and the Patent Office, be continued during the recess of the amined were submitted, and the substance of the case, it ought to be binding upon the consciences of Senate, at the usual rate of compensation, to be employed report upon them, as drawn up, was read. men in all other cases. Therefore, until they exin preparing for the use of said committee an alphabetical

I have deemed this statement proper, and it was index and digest of the reports heretofore made by the sevplain away that constitutional barrier, I cannot eral Committees on Patents and the Patent Office.

understood by the committee that I should make permit those two Senators to put themselves in

it, in justice especially to the two new members of concert and accuse me of having made a misap


the committee, who have not, of course, had time plication of the letter. That is all I desire to say Mr. WELLER submitted the following reso or opportunity to examine the testimony in the upon that point. lution:

several cases, and cannot be responsible for the So far as the Senator's remarks relate to the Resolved. That the Select Committee on the Mexican report. They heard the report read, and acquipreservation of peace, I fully and cordially agree Bonndary be allowed until the next session of Congress 10 esced in it only so far as to assent to its being with him. If there is any one line of policy report upon the various subjects referred to them.

made to the Senate, reserving their right to judge more dear to my heart than all others, it is that Mr. HUNTER. I have no objection to the of it when it shall have been printed, and they which shall avoid any just cause of war, and pre committee making a report, but I'object to any have had an opportunity to examine the testimony serve peace in all time to come. If there be a dif. committee sitting during the recess. I think it upon which it is based. ference of opinion between us, it is upon the point I would be establishing a bad precedent:

It is deemed important by the committee that as to which line of policy will best accomplish that Mr. WELLER. It is not proposed by the this report should be printed at the earliest pracobject. I believe ihat ihe true policy is to make i lution that the committee shall sit during the recess. || ticable day; important to the public interest. In no pledges at present which are to bind our suc The testimony before it has been closed. It occu- connection with one part of it, it will be rememcessors in all time to come with reference to a state i pies more than five hundred pages, and it is utterly bered that during the recent session, when the de of facts which now does not exist, but then may impossible for the committee during this session ficiency bill was under consideration, I offered require action. I have not said that I wish to to examine it so as to be able to make a report. iwo amendments in relation to the proposed apannex any, portion of Central America to this. The object of the resolution is to allow the com- propriation of $400,000 as a deficiency of former country. I only protest against the pledge that mittee to make their report, not to continue their appropriations for the Capitol extension. My our successors may not do that which their inter. 1 sitting during the recess.

amendments suspended the disbursement of the

[ocr errors]

32D CONG.....3D SESS.

Special Session-Superintendent of Printing.


lyn al


proposed appropriation until the 1st day of April, || it would be well to adopt it in this instance? I know; and for that reason I stated the whole case and restored it to the former and usual course of take it for granted that the report, although large, i precisely, as to my object and what would be the auditing and controlling all expenditures of the can, at his request of the Superintendent of the effect of it. Now, if it should be the sense of the public money at the Treasury. Objection was Printing, receive unusual attention and care, and Senate that it should be done, I would be gratified; then made to my amendments, upon the ground be printed in the usual form before the expiration but if it is not the sense of the Senate, and they that they reflected injuriously, and it might be un of ihe session. I presume the Senator has the desire otherwise, I am perfectly willing that the justly, upon the characters of the persons who had right, if he thinks proper, to have it printed in the document should take the ordinary course,

and be been intrusted with the duties of managing the debates of the Senate; but it is an unusual course printed as the report of the committee. I therework and disbursing the money. I stated at the to pursue, and therefore I take the liberty of ma fore submit the report, and move that it be printed time that such was not my purpose, but that as king this suggestion to him.

for the use of the Senate. charges of gross improprieties against the Archi Mr. ADAMS. I would suggest that the usual Mr. THOMPSON, of Kentucky. I will merely tect and others intrusted with these duties had course is for the committee to make its report. It remark that the course taken meeis my approbabeen made, and as the committee were then en is then read by the Secretary. Whether it is con- tion. The Senator from Florida (Mr. Morton] gaged in an investigation which threatened in its sidered as having been read by the Senator who and myself have only been members of the comresult to sustain those charges, I deemed it due to makes it, or by the Secretary at the desk, it will mittee during this called session; and of course so the public interest that no more money should be still be published, not as a part of the debates, it far as the testimony is concerned we had no opgiven into the same hands for disbursement until is true, but among the reports.

portunity of entering into an examination of the The material facts could be ascertained, and duly Mr. BORLAND. Unless a report on any mat witnesses. We, however, have heard a synopsis presented in the form of a report; and further, ter goes in as a part of the remarks of the Senator, of the testimony read, and have seen the report, that as a few weeks more would enable the com it is excluded from publication in the debates; and and agree that it should be reported to the Senate, mittee to report the facts, and as no harm could I desire that this report shall be so published. In neither concurring in the views taken in the reresult from the proposed short delay, it was but answer to the Senator from Virginia, I would pori, nor agreeing to the accuracy of the synopsis. right that the Executive should have the means merely say that I know the course which I pro We are willing to let it go out for what it is worth, at hand to act understandingly, as well as to the pose is unusual, and for that reason I have made and come before the Senate in its printed form for mode to be adopted as to the agents to be employed the request. The case is an unusual and extraor any legislative action which the Senate may choose in the prosecution of the work. dinary one.

to take upon it. The Senator from Arkansas was My amendments were adopted; and not only is Mr. HAMLIN. I think the object which the perfectly right in saying that we consented to the the disbursement of the money restored to the Senator has in view may be accomplished in this understanding that the report should go before the former and usual mode, whereby the safeguards way without compromising at all the practice of country in that way for such future action as the of checks and official responsibility are thrown

the Senate. He has stated certain facts. I think Senate and Congress might desire to take upon it. around it, but it is suspended, and the work along he can incorporate them as a part of his remarks, Mr. BORLAND. There is no proposition with it, until the 1st of April. That day is near for which the Senate will be in nowise responsi- | made by the committee. The committee do not recat hand, when the Executive will have to cause ble. If he chooses to use them that way, and ommend any particular legislation upon the subthe work to begin again, and to determine who make them a part of his speech, as if he was ma ject. The report is only a development of facts, shall be intrusted with its management. In the king an extract from a book, he may accomplish and the opinion of the committee expressed upon opinion of the committee, their report contains his object without compromitting the practice of those facts, without recommending anything, matters important to be known to the Executive the Senate.

leaving it of course to the discretion of the Senate to act understandingly in this connection. To The PRESIDING OFFICER, (Mr. Chase in to take any action which it thinks proper. serve the public interest generally, and with this the chair.) The Chair will suggest that, strictly, view direcily, the committee have exerted them there is nothing before the Senate. The Senator teration of the rules of the Senate suggested. selves to make their report at an earlier day. Cir from Arkansas rises to make a report from a Se Mr. BORLAND. There is one suggestion as cumstances of difficulty have delayed them until lect Committee, but no question is at present be to what it would be well to do, but it is only in It is now here, and will, I presume, be fore the Senate.

the form of a suggestion. There is no resolution printed, as is usual with reports. But it is volu Mr. BORLAND. I have not made the report offered—no bill reported. It is simply an inminous, and will require some time to be printed yet. It is not unusual, and I believe is always | formal suggestion. in the usual way, in pamphlet form. The pur permitted, for a Senator when making a report to Mr. BADGER. There is nothing for us to pose, then, with which I have made these re accompany it by some explanatory remarks.

concur in, marks, is io connect them with the report; or, Mr. BADGER. I desire to make a suggestion Mr. BORLAND. No, sir. rather, to let the report come in as part of my re to the Senator. I was in the Senate at the time The PRESIDING OFFICER. Does the momarks, and by this means authorize and enable we commenced our present system of printing the tion to print include the documents ? our reporters to print it in the official newspapers debates. When it was commenced, it was the Mr. BORLAND. They are a part of the reas part of our debates. In this way, I could get custom, when papers were read and reports made, 1 port, in the form of an appendix, and of course it much earlier in print, and in a form available to insert them in the debates. That was immedi are included. for the more immediate practical service to the ately decided against, upon the ground that it was The motion to print was agreed to. public I believe it capable of rendering. As em not the intention of the Senate to pay for printing

MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT. bodying, therefore, what I would say to the Sen as a part of the daily debates of the Senate, those

The PRESIDING OFFICER laid before the ate, I propose to read the report.

matters which we printed as a part of our docuMr. BADGER. I objeci. ments. Since that iime the practice has been en

Senate a communication from the President of the Mr. BORLAND. It is not my wish to weary tirely discontinued. But I would suggest, inde

United States, transmitting a report of the Secrethe Senate by reading a document so voluminous pendently of this variation from the course of pro- tary of State in answer to a resolution of the Senas this. I know they would be unwilling to listen ceeding which has been usual, and which I think

ate of the 18th of January last, calling for further to it now. But, for the purpose I have indicated, should not be departed from unless in cases of ex

correspondence touching the revolution in France I would like to begin the reading of it now; and, treme necessity, whether the plan proposed by

of December, 1851; which was ordered to be as is not unusual with Senators when they desire the Senator would not appear in some respects to

printed. to incorporate certain papers in their speeches, let do an injustice. Suppose the report is printed SUPERINTENDENT OF PRINTING. it be considered as read, and, as part of my re in the debates : the Senator says there is a large marks, be reported and printed accordingly. If mass of testimony accompanying it. I presume | ceeded to consider the following resolution, which

On motion by Mr. HAMLIN, the Senate proit be the pleasure of the Senate, I will pursue that he does not intend to print that in the debates. If

was submitted yesterday: he does not, what is the consequence? The con

Resolved, that the same extra compensation be allowed Mr. BADGER. The difficulty is, it will cost clusions of the committee go out to influence the

to the Superintendent of Printing and the clerks and mes. $15 a column to print it.

action of the Executive, without at the same time senger under him, as is paid by the resolution of the Senate Mr. BORLAND. In my opinion it is worth furnishing the Executive with the evidence upon to other clerks and messengers of a similar grade." a great deal more than that. Not that anything which they are founded, and enabling him to dråw Mr. HAMLIN. I desire to say that by the which I could write and offer to the Senate would his own conclusions; and that, too, in regard to a ordinary legislation of the Senate, we pay to the be worth so much, but as the result of several report which cannot be considered as unanimous. Librarian and laborers around the Capitol, to our months' patient investigation, by a committee of It seems to me, under these circumstances, the engrossing clerk, and to the clerks of committees, this body, of matters important to the public in usual course of the Senate ought not to be departed a certain additional compensation. By an omission terest and morals, and as the development of facts from; and I concur in the suggestion of the Sena- ||—for it must have been by an omission, as I can of an extraordinary character, which should be tor from Virginia, that if the Senator from 'Arkan see no other reason for it-the clerks of the Superearly known, it is, in my opinion, of far more value sas will signify to the Superintendent of Printing | intendent of the Public Printing of this and of the than any such amount as we pay for printing the that it is desirable that the report should be printed other House of Congress are overlooked, and they reports of our proceedings. I wish, then, to know immediately, he will take it out of its course, and are made a marked case, and set aside as distinct if it be the pleasure of the Senate that this “Re have it printed without waiting for the ordinary from all the others. Now, I undertake to say port of the Select Committee on Frauds, Abuses, delay.

that however industrious the clerks may be in this &c., appointed under the resolution of the Senate, Mr. BORLAND. For the very reason which or the other end of the Capitol, there are none of August 6, 1852,” shall be considered and the Senator from North Carolina has suggested, who, in the year, will perform more service, or so printed as a part of my remarks?

I desire to present the whole question to the Sen- | much service as these. They remain here during Mr. MASON. If the Senator will allow me, I ate. I might have gone on and read a portion of the year, and are employed most of the time. think it is a very unusual course to have a report the report as a part of my remarks, and it would | Many of the clerks are employed only during the printed as a part of the reported debates of the have been printed, but I should have considered session, and they have goi their additional comSenate, and I submit, with very great respect to that as taking an advantage of the Senate, and || pensation, and all except these have received it. the Senator, whether, inagmuch as it is unusual, keeping back something which it had a right to || I hope the resolution may pass.

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

320 CONG.....3D Sess.

Special SessionExtra Compensation


Mr. DODGE, of Iowa. I want to inquire of is not an officer of this House or of the other. I to the Superintendent of Public Printing, and the clerksand the Senator from Maine whether these gentlemen suppose the same is true of his clerks. They are

messenger under him, the same allowance as was paid 10

the clerks of the Senate at the last session of Congress. have received a pro rata compensation from the not the peculiar employees of this or the other House of Representatives. House.

The pending question being on the amendment Mr. HAMLIN. Yes, they are.

of Mr. STUART to strike out Mr. HAMLIN. They have received nothing.

They take

Superintendent of

Public Printing.' Mr. DODGE, of lowa. I make the inquiry, be care of our printing. They do much of what the

The amendment was agreed to. cause sometimes in these cases duplicate compen- || Printing Committee formerly did. sation is given, the House of Representatives and Mr. PEARCE. I think this practice has gone

Mr. BADGER. It now becomes necessary to

strike out the word “him" after “under," and the Senate both giving additional compensation. far enough, and should be stopped.

insert “ Superintendent of Public Printing." The reason why these persons were noiembraced Mr. STUART. I move to strike out of the

Mr. HAMLIN. I can see no reason why the in the resolution giving extra compensation to the resolution the words, “Superintendent of the clerks and other officers of the Senate, was because Public Printing;"thus modifying the resolution so

Librarian and the Secretary of the Senate should they were an entirely new class of officers, un that it shall apply only to the clerks. I have asked

be paid, and the Superintendent omitted.

Mr. BADGER. 'Voluntas stal pro ratione-the known before. They are officers whose offices about me for some reason why that officer should

will of the Senate makes the reason. have been created since the original resolution was receive extra pay. I recollect distinctly when this

Mr. Badger's amendment was agreed to, and passed. But there is another point. Extra com system was adopted in the other House, econ. pensation is granted upon the supposition that the omy was one of the strongest arguments used

the resolution was reported to the Senate as

amended. clerks have performed long and arduous service. there. I believed it myself. But if we are to take Mr. HAMLIN. The question is now, I supIf these clerks have been in service for a long time, the very first opportunity after an officer is created, it is right to give it; but if they have been in ser to increase his pay, we shall make but a sorry ex

pose, on concurring in the amendment adopted in

committee. I wish to say but one word in regard vice but a short time it is not right. hibition of our effort to carry out our principles of

to that. You have paid the Secretary of the Sen. Mr. HAMLIN. They have been in service as economy. I think you might as well take the

ate, the Librarian, and all your clerks an additional long as any clerks around the Capitol, clerks of President of the United States, and increase his committees or any others, and they will be in ser pay by a resolution of the Senate. I confess to

compensation, and now the question which I subvice till December next, which is not true of others. you, I see no reason for it whatever, which would

mit to the Senate is, why shall you exclude the Mr. BADGER. I will suggest to the Senator not exist in the case of any other officer under this Superintendent of your Public Printing from the from Maine, that the phraseology of the resolution Government, and I certainly cannot vote for it.

rule which you apply to every other officer of the should be altered, so ihat it will be: “ That there Mr. HAMLIN. I hope tha! amendment will


Mr. STUART. The amendment which was be allowed and paid under the direction of the Com not be agreed to. It is true that the Superintendmittee to Audit and Control the Public Expenses of ent of Printing is an officer whose salary is fixed agreed to in Committee of the Whole was prothe Senate, out of the contingent fund of the Sen- by law. It is equally true that the Secretary of | posed by me. I agree to what was said by the ate the same,”' &c., and then at the end, “as was

the Senate is an officer whose salary is fixed by that the whole system of extra compensation is a paid at the last session.

law. It is equally true that the Clerk of the Mr. HAMLIN. I accept the modification. House is an officer whose salary is fixed by law.

bad one-a decidedly bad one. Bui, sir, I thought Mr. DOUGLAS. I have no objection to the || The Librarian, all the clerks around the Capitol,

I could see a distinguishing reason why we should resolution, if the Sevator from Maine will add: all the officers in the Senate and House are officers

not apply the principle to the Superintendent of Provided, It be expressly understood that hereafter no whose salaries are fixed by law; and you have

Public Printing. He is an officer appointed on the

recommendation of the President; an officer over extra compensation shall be given.

given to them all an additional compensation. The I think that the greatest abuse which has grown only reason why I would give it to the Superin- has any control, except in the mode pointed out.

whose appointment neither House of Congress up here is this extra compensation to all the pertendent of the Public Printing is, that I would place

The officers named by the Senator from Maine sons about this Capitol, leading persons to seek

him upon the same footing with the other officers for places here just before the close of a session for who are properly officers of Congress. They are

are appointed by one or both Houses of Congress, the purpose of getting the extra compensation, or

not, truly speaking, officers of the Senate, but they and this system, bad as it is, has, therefore, a gelling pay which bears no sort of proportion to are officers of the Senate and House. They su

reason in its application to them, but has none

whatever to the Superintendent of Printing, as I the service rendered. It is an abuse which is perintend our printing; they take care of it; they stated yesterday, no more than to any other officer growing up here yearly, and I do hope we will fix the salaries at what they ought to be, and then purpose as much as the Secretary of the Senate is appointed under the Government. The reason to

which I have alluded, applicable to other officers, put an end to this growing enormity, which I be placed here for the purpose of taking care of and

might, perhaps, be so extended as to apply to the lieve is more corrupting than any other thing making up the records of the Senate. I can see about the Capitol. I hope that the proviso may no reason why you should exclude the Superin- but you might as well apply it to any oficer who

public printer, elected by the vote of both Houses; be added, by way of a notice with respect to the

tendent and make a distinction between his case future. and that of all the rest. I agree with the remarks

is appointed on the nomination of the President Mr. HAMLIN. I would certainly place these which have fallen from the Senator from Illinois,

as to the Superintendent of Public Printing. clerks on the same footing as others, and I do not and I will most cheerfully concur in fixing the sum

Besides, Mr. President, I do not like the reaknow that any proviso is necessary. They will which we are to pay to all our officers, and not

soning upon which the thing is founded, to pay

an individual because you have paid somebody stand at the end of another session precisely as the i give any of them increased compensation. But other clerks, only they do not come within that when you have given to all the classes of persons

else. Is the pay of the Superintendent of Public

Printing too small? Then increase it permanente class of clerks to which the Senator has alluded.

which I have named, I hope my friend from MichThese are clerks that have performed service igan will not make an invidious distinction against it should not be extended. If it is a good one, it

ly. If the system is a bad one, as I think it is, during the session, and will perform it during the the Superintendent, who, I believe is as meritorious

should not be extended beyond the principle as any of our officers. recess.

which it embraces, and that is to confine it to offiMr. DOUGLAS. I do not make the objection ing to the count which I make, to 16 Senators; I

Mr. BADGER. We are reduced now, accord

cers elected or appointed by one or the other or to the clerks particularly who are provided for in

both Houses of Congress. This, sir, it seems to the resolution; but the principal reason why !

therefore move an adjournment. wish to have the proviso adopted is this:

me, ought to be satisfactory.
The motion was agreed to, and the Senate ad-

It was with great reluctance I said anything session we are told we must give the extra comjourned.

upon the question at all. I did not intend at this pensation this time, but that we will put a stop to

session to say a word upon any question. Espe. ihe practice hereafter. If the proviso is not now

WEDNESDAY, March 23, 1853.

cially did I not intend to say anything about the put upon it, we will be next year in precisely the

subject of paying out money. But I would consame situation as we have been in before, and we Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. BUTLER. clude by asking the question, and let every Senshall be told we must give it now, but we will Mr. BADGER submitted the following resolu: propriety will you pay out of the contingent fund

ator apply it to his own case: By what rule of stop it hereafter. But it never will stop unless

tion; which was considered by unanimous consent some proviso is made giving notice that it will not and agreed to:

of the Senate an officer appointed on the nombe paid. I move as an amendment:

ination of the President?

Resolved, That the Committee to Audit and Control the Provided, It is distinctly understood, that hereafter no Contingent Expenses of the Senate, inquire and report

Mr. HAMLIN. I will merely say to my extra compensation of any kind will be allowed to any of whether the compensation for the expenses of the agent

friend from Michigan that some of the officers ficer of the Senate, or any person in the employ of the Sen cinployed to procure and compile the information called for whom we have already paid by our resolution are

by the resolution of the Senate of March 8, 1851, is payable nominated to, and confirmed by the Senate before Mr. BADGER. We have a committee in

out of the appropriation for the contingent expenses of the
Senate; and if not, how the same should be paid.

they can occupy their places.' I refer to the Listructed now, expressly on the motion of the Sen

brarian and Commissioner of Public Buildings. ator from Virginia, (Mr. Hunter,] to make an


Still they are properly the officers of the House arrangement of a system of compensation to avoid On motion by Mr. SEWARD, it was

and Senate. The Librarian takes care of the Conthe extra compensation. I hope, therefore, the Ordered, That Mr. Rossemeyer have leave to withdraw gressional Library. The Superintendent of PubSenator will not offer his amendment now.

from the papers subinitted by him a certificate of a certain lic Printing is also properly an officer of the Mr. DOUGLAS. If that is the case, I will contract entered into by him.

House and Senate; and I only insist that we shall withdraw it.


not make fish of one and flesh of another. Mr. PEARCE. What is the salary of the Superintendent of the Public Printing?

The Senate, as in Committee of the Whole, re

Mr. ADAMS. I concur with the suggestion Mr. HAMLIN. It is twenty-five hundred dol

sumed the consideration of the following resolu- made, that these extra allowances are all wrong. tion:

I think every officer should be paid a fair compenlars.

sation for his services. I do not intend now to Mr. PEARCE. He is an officer employed by

Resolred, That there be paid out of the contingent fund of the Senate, under the direction of the Committee to

participate in this debate, for it is too late to do law, and I suppose his salary is fixed by law. He Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate," anything with the system on this resolution; but


[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]


I give notice to the Senate that if I shall live to But, Mr. President, I did not rise particularly | edge I have done injustice, and that Senators the commencement of the next session, I will in for the purpose of saying this, but just to drop a ought to have the constructive mileage: nay, it troduce a resolution at an early period instructing / word in behalf of an expiring system which every ought to be more than it ever has been, slaughter,) the proper committee to inquire into the compen- || body condemns, but which I really do think is in and if I had the liberty now, I would take it most sation allowed to the employees of the Senate; itself a very good system—that of extra compen,

conscientiously. (Laughter.) and if it is not sufficient in the judgment of the sation. Why, Mr. President, before we yielded Mr. BADGER. So would 1. (Laughter.] Senate, that they fix by law the amount to which to the influences operating upon us from the other The question was taken on the amendment, and they are entitled. Increase their compensation if || House, and the clamors raised throughout the it was not concurred in. it is not enough. I am willing to do that, but I country, to a certain extra mileage to which we Mr. DODGE, of Iowa. I offer the following am opposed to the extra compensation. I am used to be entitled

amendment: willing to pay them what is fair and reasonable. Mr. BORLAND. Constructive.

Provided, That no extra compensation shall hereafter be But I shall not oppose this resolution. As the extra Mr. BADGER. "Constructive" mileage. I allowed to any one out of the contingent fund of the Sencompensation is allowed to others, I see no reason wish to know whether any member of the Senate why it should not be allowed to the persons men ever found it inconvenient to him to receive that Mr. BADGER. I hope my friend will not intioned in this resolution. constructive mileage at an extra session?

sist on that. What does it signify? Suppose we Mr. BORLAND. As chairman of the Com Mr. FITZPATRICK. I never received it. pass a resolution hereafter to make the allowance, mittee on Public Printing, I feel it to be my duty Mr. BADGER, Here is an honorable Senator will that control us? to state to the Senate, that if there are any em who says he never took it. Then he did not find Mr. DODGE, of Iowa. I am aware that we can ployees of the Government, who, on account of it inconvenient to receive it. [Laughter.] No override it. But what does the Senator from Ararduous and important services rendered to us, can man can be inconvenienced by receiving a thing | kansas and every other Senator who advocates the in any way be considered entitled to the extra al which he does not receive; therefore my proposi- | resolution say? Just what has been said at every lowance, the Superintendent of Public Printing, tion remains in full force.

other session: “ This is the last time we will make his clerks, and messenger are entitled to it. I Mr. ADAMS. Will the Senator allow me the allowance." I have been made the instrument know the amount of labor which they have to per Mr. BADGER. I am in the midst of my ar under which these things have been brought here, form. I was astonished when the Superintendent | gument now, and I cannot give way.

under the pressure of men, women, and children; of Public Printing told me that with two clerks Mr. BUTLER. The Senator from Mississippi | at midnight and daylight I have been dragooned, and a messenger he could perform the duties rewill help you.

and bedeviled, and hunted down, until I had to quired of him. I thought, and so stated at the first Mr. BADGER. I know he will. He is al- | succumb. (Laughter.) You are now taking in session of the last Congress, that it would take six ways right, (laughter;] but I shall prefer at pres- | everybody connected with the Senate-officers creclerks; and I think his reducing them to two, and ent to go on.

We found it convenient to our ated and appointed by the President as well as the the amount of labor which I know he performs, | selves to receive this mileage. I did, though my others. You fixed the salary of the Superintendent which requires all day and sometimes late at night, amount was small. The honorable Senator from of the Public Printing, upon your deliberate judg. entitle him and those who assist him, if anybody Mississippi found it much more convenient, be ment, at $2,500, the highest price which anybody is entitled, to this extra compensation. There is cause his was larger. (Laughter.) I did not says should be given for the talents and knowledge another circumstance which would make it pecu- grudge him his. I was never for leveling his down, / which he possesses; and yet you immediately vary liarly hard as well as in vidious to make this dis- but I would have been always willing to level mine the proposition to add to his pay $250 or $300. tinction against them. The bill which passed at up. [Renewed laughter.] We cannot retain this You have also included the reporters in the list of the recent session making appropriation for their for ourselves. It is said to be an abominable sys- those to whom you give the extra compensation; compensation failed to receive the signature of the tem with regard to our officers; we are told to and the Committee to Audit and Control the ConPresident, and is not a law. They will have to raise their salaries to the amount requisite and pay tingent Expenses of the Senate are annoyed day wait until the next session before they can get any them that, and no more. Now, sir, I think there is after day to give such a construction to the allowcompensation for their services at all. !t would something extremely agreeable at the close of the ance as will bring in every man who is engaged in therefore be very hard to refuse them this allow- session, when the officers have been serving us cutting stone, or has anything to do on the Capiance. I do hope it will not be done. I will go as. with fidelity and attention and kindness, doing || tol extension. It is now extended so far that the far as any Senator, at the next session, to get clear everything they could to promote our convenience whole thing is about to fall by its own weight. of the system of extra allowance and fix the regu as Senators, and enable us, by their assiduity and My proviso is in the shape of a proclamation to lar salaries of our employees at a fair rate, and op- attention, to discharge our public duties with more everybody connected with the Senate, that herepose always afterwards any extra compensation; | advantage to ourselves and to the country, and after this thing is to stop, and when the Commitbut do not let us begin with this case, and make promoting our personal convenience-I say there tee on Retrenchment and Reform, will because it this in vidious distinction.

is something to me exceedingly grateful in this was committed to them, take up the subject at the Mr. BADGER. I was persuaded by the clear “ free-will offering,” by which we tell them, be next session, they will not be put off with the apoland distinct statement made by the honorable yond the demands of law, " You are to receive this ogy that “this is the last time” that the extra alSenator from Michigan (Mr. STUART) yesterday, as a testimonial of the estimate in which we hold lowance shall be made. That is all I ask. I know that there was a propriety in striking out “the your assiduous and voluntary service beyond the we can hereafter disregard the proviso. My friend Superintendent of the Printing" from the proposi- demands of your official duties.” Therefore, sir, from North Carolina comprehends my motive. He tion to give extra pay, and I consequently voted I wish merely to pay a testimony of my respect knows I am the last man who would deal illiberwith him this morning in Committee of the Whole and consideration for a system which is soon to ally with any of our employees. to strike it out; but, sir, I am obliged to say, for leave nothing but its memory behind.

Mr. BADGER. I know it, and therefore I truth and candor require it, that the Senators I would say to the Senator from Mississippi | will make an appeal to the Senator for the last from Maine and Arkansas have satisfied me that that his resolution at the next session will be en time [laughter) io withdraw his amendment, not I was misled by the plausible statement of the tirely unnecessary, for we have already burdened on account of any objection to the principle conSenator from Michigan, and that the strength of a most laborious and overburdened committee of | tained in it, but I think it will place us in rather a the argument is the other way. The Senator from this body-that is the Committee on Retrench- ridiculous attitude. Maine has shown that we are in the habit of pay ment, one of the standing committees of the body Mr. DODGE, of Iowa. I withdraw it. ing extra compensation to two officers who are provided for by our rules, because it is necessary Mr. BRODHEAD. I think the amendment appointed precisely as the Superintendent of the that it should always be in existence and ready to ought not to be withdrawn. I do not think it is the Public Printing is appointed; and the reason why meet the large demands of.the public upon its ser- last time; I do not believe this is an expiring syswe have been in the habit of paying them is pre- vice-by a resolution introduced by the Senator cisely in full force and operation, as a reason for from Virginia, with the duty of producing a scheme Mr. BADGER. Oh, yes; it is dead. (Laughter.] paying this officer; that is, that they are engaged of compensation to be adopted at the next session,

Mr. BRODHEAD. At the extra session of in discharging duties which properly are connected which will relieve us of what some gentlemen con the Senate in 1851, I heard you, Mr. President, with the two Houses of Congress. The real dif sider a painful necessity, but what I look upon as (Mr. Atchison in the chair,) say it was the last ficulty and incongruity, Mr. President, has arisen the agreeable office of voting extra compensation time; and I could not understand till this morning from this, that Congress by its legislation has to our officers. Therefore, we have nothing at why it was that my friend from lowa (Mr. DODGE) given the appointment of the Librarian, of the Su- present to do but simply to pass this resolution, was so anxious at the last night of the last session perintendent of Public Buildings, and of the Super- and then the whole system will be broken up, be to have a resolution passed, giving the sum of intendent of their own printing to the President. cause at the next session, should such be the de- | between twenty and thirty thousand dollars to the

That is the error. You ought to have retained the cided sense of the Senate, we will revise the sala- | employees. I'now understand it. I can compreappointment of every officer who is concerned in ries of the officers and stop the contingencies. hend his feelings. I believe he said he was dradischarging duties in which we alone are prima Mr. ADAMS. My object in attempting to in- | gooned and bedeviled and hunted down by men, rily interested. But there can be no reason, under | terruptmy friend from North Carolina, was to make women, and children. How much do you think the circumstances, why we should except the an acknowledgment to him and other Senators. If we paid under this resolution? Superintendent of the Public Printing, after having I do injustice to any one I always take pleasure Mr. BADGER. Fifty thousand dollars? paid to others standing in precisely the same rela- | in retracting it. Heretofore, I have with most of Mr. BRODHEAD. We paid about $28,000. tion as to the mode of appointment and the duties the country condemned what has been known as The plain honest people throughout the country, which they have to discharge towards us; and constructive mileage; but since I have had the who work as hard as our employees, think that therefore my attention being called to that fact, I honor of being a member of this body, and experi- || $30,000 ought to be enough altogether. But, sir, am obliged to say that the honorable Senator from enced during the last six weeks especially, the this is extra compensation. I know the officers Michigan, I think, will

, by persisting in his labor of sitting up here all night when the public of the Senate are most worthy officers, and the amendment, be accomplishing what the Senator interest required it--the labor which we have had most accommodating gentlemen that I was ever from Maine says: making fish of one and flesh of to perform here and elsewhere connected with the associated with. I am willing to give them a lib another.

duties of a Senator, I say now that I acknowl- II eral compensation, but it is a miserable system of


« ZurückWeiter »