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320 CONG.....30 SESS.

Special Session-President's Inaugural Address.


One of the most impressive evidences of that preferment, or title to secure for him place, it will | pacity, wherever there are duties to be performed. wisdom is to be found in the fact that the actual be his privilege, and must be his acknowledged Without these qualities in their public servants, working of our system has dispelled a degree of | right, to stand unabashed, even in the presence of more stringent laws for the prevention or punishsolicitude which, at the outset, disturbed bold princes, with a proud consciousness that he is ment of fraud, negligence, and peculation will be hearts and far-reaching intellects. The apprehen- himself one of a nation of sovereigns, and that he i vain. With them, they will be unnecessary. sion of dangers from extended territory, multi- | cannot, in legitimate pursuit, wander so far from But these are not the only points to which you plied States, accumulated wealth, and augmented home that the agent whom he shall leave behind in look for vigilant watchfulness. The dangers of a population, has proved to be unfounded. The the place I now occupy, will not see that no rude concentration of all power in the General Governstars upon you banner have become nearly three hand of power or tyrannical passion is laid upon ment of a Confederacy so vast as ours, are too fold their original number, your densely popula- him with impunity. He must realize that upon obvious to be disregarded. You have a right, ted possessions skirt the shores of the two great every sea, and on every soil, where our enterprise therefore, to expect your agents, in every Departoceans, and yet this vast increase of people and may rightfully seek the protection of our flag, ment, to regard strictly the limits imposed upon territory has not only shown itself compatible American citizenship is an inviolable panoply for them by the Constitution of the United States. with the harmonious action of the States and the the security of American rights. And, in this con- The great scheme of our constitutional liberty rests Federal Government in their respective constitu- nection, it can hardly be necessary to reaffirm a upon a proper distribution of power between the tional spheres, but has afforded an additional principle which should now be regarded as funda- State and Federal authorities; and experience has guarantee of the strength and integrity of both. mental. The rights, security, and repose of this shown that the harmony and happiness of our

With an experience thus suggestive and cheer Confederacy reject the idea of interference or colo people must depend upon a just discrimination ing, the policy of my administration will not be i nization, on this side of the ocean, by any foreign between the separate rights and responsibilities of controlled by any timid forebodings of evil from Power, beyond present jurisdiction, as uiterly in the States and your common rights and obligations • expansion. 'Indeed, it is not to be disguised that admissible.

under the General Government. And here, in my our attitude as a nation, and our position on the The opportunities of observation, furnished by opinion, are the considerations which should form globe, render the acquisition of certain possessions my brief experience as a soldier, confirmed in my the true basis of future concord, in regard to the not within our jurisdiction, eminently important own mind the opinion, entertained and acted upon questions which have most seriously disturbed for our protection, if not, in the future, essential' by others from the formation of the Government, public tranquillity. If the Federal Government for the preservation of the rights of commerce and that the maintenance of large standing armies in || will confine itself to the exercise of powers clearly the peace of the world. Should they be obtained, I our country would be not only dangerous, but un granted by the Constitution, it can hardly happen it will be through no grasping spirit, but with a necessary. They also illustrated the importance, I that its action upon any question should endanger view to obvious national interest and security, and might well say the absolute necessity, of the mil the institutions of the Staies, or interfere with their in a manner entirely consistent with the strictest || itary science and practical skill furnished, in such || right to manage matters strictly domestic according observance of national faith. We have nothing in an eminent degree, by the institution which has to the will of their own people. our history or position to invite aggression; we made your Army what it is, under the discipline ii In expressing briefly my views upon an importhave everything to beckon us to the cultivation of and instruction of officers not more distinguished ant subject which has recently ogitated the nation relations of peace and amity with all nations. for their solid attainments, gallantry, and devo- to almost a fearful degree, I am moved by no other Purposes, therefore, at once just and pacific, will tion to the public service, than for unobtrusive impulse than a most earnest desire for the perpeibe significantly marked in the conduct of our for- bearing and high moral tone. The Army, as or uation of that Union which has made us what we eign affairs. I intend that my administration ganized, must be the nucleus around which, in are, showering upon us blessings, and conferring shall leave no blot upon our fair record, and trust every time of need, the strength of your military a power and influence which our fathers could I may safely give the assurance that no act within power, the sure bulwark of your defense-a na hardly have anticipated, even with their most santhe legitimate scope of my constitutional control tional militia--may be readily formed into a well | guine hopes directed to a far-off future. The senwill be tolerated on the part of any portion of our disciplined and efficient organization. And the timents l'now announce were not unknown before citizens which cannot challenge a ready justifica- skill and self-devotion of the Navy assure you that the expression of the voice which called me here. tion before the tribunal of the civilized world. An you may take the performance of the past as a My own position upon this subject was clear and Administration would be unworthy of confidence pledge for the future, and may confidently expect unequivocal, upon the record of my words and my at home, or respect abroad, should it cease to be ihat ihe flag which has waved its untarnished folds , acts; and it is only recurred to at this time because influenced by the conviction that no apparent over every sea, will still float in undiminished silence might perhaps be misconstrued. With the advantage can be purchased at a price so dear as honor. But these, like many other subjects, will Union my best and dearest earthly hopes are enthat of national wrong or dishonor. It is not your be appropriately brought, at a future time, to the twined. Without it, what are we, individually privilege, as a nation, to speak of a distant past. attention of the coödinate branches of the Govern- or collectively? What becomes of the noblest The striking incidents of your history, replete with ment, to which I shall always look with profound field ever opened for the advancement of our race, instruction, and furnishing abundant grounds for respect, and with trustful confidence that they will' in religion, in government, in the arts, and in all hopeful confidence, are comprised in a period com- i accord to me the aid and support which I shall so l that dignifies and adorns mankind? From that paratively, brief. But if your past is limited, your much need, and which their experience and wis- | radiant constellation, which both illumes our own future is' boundless. Its obligations throng the dom will readily suggest.

way and points out to struggling nations their unexplored pathway of advancement, and will be In the administration of domestic affairs you course, let but a single star be lost, and, if there limitless as duration. Hence a sound and com- | expect a devoted integrity in the public service, be not utter darkness, the luster of the whole is prehensive policy should embrace not less the dis- and an observance of rigid economy in all depart-dimmed. Do my countrymen need any assurance tant future than the urgent present.

ments, so marked as never justly to be questioned. that such a catastrophe is not to overtake them The great objects of our pursuit, as a people, If this reasonable expectation be not realized, I while I possess the power to stay it? are best to be attained by peace, and are entirely l frankly confess that one of your leading hopes is It is with me an earnest and vital belief, that as consistent with the tranquillity and interests of the doomed to disappointment, and that my efforts, the Union has been the source, under Providence, rest of mankind. With the neighboring nations in a very important particular, must result in a of our prosperity to this time, so it is the surest upon our continent we should cultivate kindly and humiliating failure. Offices can be properly re pledge of the continuance of the blessings we have fraternal relations. We can desire nothing in regarded only in the light of aids for the accomplish-enjoyed, and which we are sacredly bound to gard to them so much as to see them consolidate ment of these objects; and as occupancy can confer transmit undiminished to our children. The field their strength, and pursue the paths of prosperity no prerogative, nor importunate desire for prefer- of calm and free discussion in our country is open, and happiness. If, in the course of their growth, ment any claim, the public interest imperatively and will always be so, but it never has been and we should open new channels of trade, and create demands that they be considered with sole refer- | never can be traversed for good in a spirit of secadditional facilities for friendly intercourse, the ence to the duties to be performed. Good citizens tionalism and uncharitableness. The founders of benefits realized will be equal and

mutual. Of the may well claim the protection of good laws and the the Republic dealt with things as they were precomplicated European systems of national policy benign influence of good government; but a claim sented to them, in a spirit of self-sacrificing patriot. we have heretofore been independent. From their for office is what the people of a Republic should ism, and, as time has proved, with a comprehensive wars, their tumults, and anxieties, we have been, never recognize. No reasonable man of any party wisdom which it will always be safe for us to con. happily, almost entirely exempt. Whilst these i will expect the Administration to be so regardless sult. Every measure tending to strengthen the are confined to the nations which gave them exist- of its responsibility, and of the obvious elements fraternal feelings of all the members of our Union ence, and within their legitimate jurisdiction, they of success, as to retain persons, known to be under has had my heartfelt approbation. To every theory cannot affect us, except as they appeal to our the influence of political hostility and partisan of society or government, whether the offspring sympathies in the cause of human freedom and prejudice, in positions which will require not only of feverish ambition or of morbid enthusiasm, universal advancement. But the vast interests of severe labor, but cordial coöperation. Having no calculated to dissolve the bonds of law and affeccommerce are common to all mankind, and the implied engagements to ratify, no rewards to be- tion which unite us, I shall interpose a ready and advantages of trade and international intercourse stow, 'no resentments to remember, and no per- stern resistance. I believe that involuntary servi. must always present a noble field for the moral sonal wishes to consult, in selections for official tude, as it exists in different States of this coninfluence of a great people.

station, I shall fulfill this difficult and delicate trust, federacy, is recognized by the Constitution. I be. With these views firmly and honestly carried admitting no motive as worthy either of my char- 1 lieve that it stands like any other admitted right, out, we have a right to expect, and shall, under acter or position which does not contemplate an and that the States where it exists are entitled to all circumstances, require prompt reciprocity efficient discharge of duty and the best interests of efficient remedies to enforce the constitutional proThe rights which belong to us as a nation are not my country. I acknowledge my obligations to the visions. I hold that the laws of 1850, commonly alone to be regarded, but those which pertain to masses of my countrymen, and to them alone. called the “compromise measures,” are strictly every citizen in his individual capacity, at home Higher objects than personal aggrandizement gave'' constitutional, and to be unhesitatingly carried into and abroad, must be sacredly maintained. So direction and energy to their exertions in the late effect. I believe that the constituted authorities of long as he can discern every star in its place upon canvass, and they shall not be disappointed. They this Republic are bound to regard the rights of the that ensign, without wealth to purchase for him ll require at my hands diligence, integrity, and ca- 1 South in this respect as they would view any other

320 Cong.....30 SESS.

Special Session-Committees.


upon the table.

legal and constitutional right, and that the laws to


The memorial was received, and ordered to lie enforce them should be respected and obeyed, not On the motion of Mr. RUSK, it was ordered with a reluctance encouraged by abstract opinions that the daily hour of meeting shall be twelve

PAPERS WITHDRAWN. as to their propriety in a different state of society, || o'clock, m. but cheerfully, and according to the decisions of

Mr. MASON. I have been requested to ask

RECESS. the tribunal to which their exposition belongs.

leave to withdraw the petition and papers of the Such have been and are my convictions, and upon

On motion by Mr. WELLER, it was ordered that when the Senate adjourns, it adjourn to meet

heir of William Lindsay, an officer in the Revoluthem I shall act. I fervently hope that the queson Monday next.

tion, praying an allowance of five years' full pay tion is at rest, and that no sectional, or ambitious,

on behalf of the lady who is his only heir. They

On motion by Mr. PETTIT, the Senate ador fanatical excitement may again threaten the

were presented in 1843. journed. durability of our institutions, or obscure the light

Leave was given. of our prosperity.

MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT. But let not the foundation of our hope rest upon

MONDAY, March 7, 1853.

Mr. WALKER. The Select Committee, whose man's wisdom. It will not be sufficient that sec Prayer by the Rev. C. M. BUTLER.

duty it was made to wait on the President of the tional prejudices find no place in the public delib The Journal of the proceedings in the special United States and inform him that the Senate had erations. It will not be sufficient that the rash

session on Friday last, embracing the proclama met and was ready to receive any communications counsels of human passion are rejected. It must tion of the President of the United States by which which he had to make, has performed that duty, be felt that there is no national security but in the it was convencü, was read.

and received for answer that he would forth with nation's humble, acknowledged dependence upon On the motion of Mr. FISH, the Journal was communicate to the Senate in writing. God and his overruling providence.

corrected. I was stated that his colleague [Mr. Several messages in writing, which the President We have been carried in safety through a peril- Seward) was present on Friday last, whereas he of the Senate announced to be Executive messages, ous crisis. Wise counsels, like those which gave had beer remporarily called home by indisposition were subsequently received from the President by us the Constitution, prevailed to uphold it. Let in his family.

Mr. Sydney Webster, his Private Secretary. the period be remembered as an admonition, and not as an encouragement, in any section of the COMMITTEE TO WAIT ON THE PRESIDENT.

EXECUTIVE SESSION. Union, to make experiments where experiments

Mr. WALKER submitted the following reso On motion by Mr. MASON, the Senate proare fraught with such fearful hazard. 'Let it be lution; which was considered by unanimous con ceeded to the consideration of Executive business, impressed upon all hearts, that, beautiful as our sent and agreed to:

and after some time spent therein, the doors were fabric is, no earthly power or wisdom could ever

hcsolved, That a cominittee, consisting of two members, reopened, and reunite its broken fragments. Standing as I do

be appointed by the President of the Senate to wait on the The Senate adjourned.

President of the United States, and inform him that the almost within view of the green slopes of Mon Senate is assembled, and ready to receive any communicaticello, and, as it were, within reach of the tomb tions he may be pleased to make.

TUESDAY, March 8, 1853. of Washington, with all the cherished memories Mr. Walker and Mr. Phelps were appointed of the past gathering around me, like so many elo- || the committee.

| Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. Butler. quent voices of exhortation from Heaven, I can


Mr. BRIGHT. It is necessary, to carry out express no better hope for my country than that the kind Providence which smiled upon our fath

Mr. CLAYTON. I submit the following res

the organization of the Executive session, to apolution:

point committees. Each side of the Chamber has ers may enable their children to preserve the bless

Resolved, That the President be respectfully requested,

conferred and agreed upon the list which the honings they have inherited. is compatible in his opinion with the public interest, to com

orable Senator from North Carolina (Mr. BadGER) The President having concluded his address, the municate to the Senate the propositions mentioned in the holds in his hand. It requires unanimous consent Senate returned to its Chamber, and resumed its

letter of the Secretary of State accompanying the Executive to permit him to present that report, and to have

message to the Senate of the 18th February last, as having business. * been agreed upon by the Department of State, the British

it acted upon. The report which he makes will Minister, and the State of Costa Rica, on the 30th of April, be temporary-for this session only; and at the THE INAUGURATION attracted to the metropolis a greater 1652, having for their object the settlement of the territorial next session of Congress there will be a reorgannumber of persons from places more or less reinote than any controversies between the States and Governments border ization. I move that he have unanimous consent previous occasion of the kind, or indeed any ceremonial ing on the river San Juan. whatever. Possibly the census of our district cities has Resolved, that the Secretary of State be directed to com

to present that list, and that it be acted upon withbeen increased within a week upwards of twenty thousand, municate to the Senate such information as it may be in the out proceeding to ballot, as is prescribed by the 80 that all our hotels, boarding houses, and places of public power of his Department to furnish, in regard to the con rules of the Senate. entertainment, not to mention the great extension of private flicting claims of Great Britain and the State of Honduras!

Unanimous consent was given. hospitalities, have been crowded as never before. Every to the islands of Roatan, Bonacca, Vtilla, Barbarat Helene, contriva cu that ingenuity and a spirit of accommodation and Morat, in or near the Bay of Honduras.

Mr. BADGER. I believe, since I have been a could devise has been put into requisition, in many estab

member of this Senate, this has been the usual lichinenis, to render the vast and sudden influx of strangers

I desire to say, that whenever that resolution can all the comfort possible. Though many persons residing come before the Senate without interfering with

custom which has been pursued. This list has within moderate distances from the city returned home

necessarily been prepared in great haste, and, as the necessary business of the Senate at this time, after the conclusion of the ceremonies, by railroad and pri

stated by the honorable Senator from Indiana, for vate vehicles, still the places of public entertainment are

it is my purpose to discuss the topics which are fally occupied. suggested by the resolution. I hope to have the

the purposes of the present session. The list is

as follows. At an early hour this morning drums beat and music re opportunity of doing so at an early period. sounded in various parts of the city, as it were to arouse

On Foreign Relations.--Mr. Mason, chairman; and prepare ine people for the pageant of the day. The


Messrs. Douglas, Clayton, Norris, and Everett, country adjacent poured in upon us from every point of Mr. MORTON submitted the following resolu On Finance. -Mr. Hunter, chairman; Messrs. the counnars, by carriage, horse, and foot, until at length tion for consideration:

Bright, Pearce, Gwin, and Badger. there must have been for a time approximating seventy or Resolred, That there be paid out of the contingent fund eiglity thousand persons within our city limits. During

On Commerce.-Mr. Hamlin, chairman; Messrs. of the Senate to the honorable David L. Yulee, a sum equal the forenoon, Pennsylvania avenue was lined with patient to the amount of mileage and per diem compensation of a

Soulé, Seward, Dodge of Wisconsin, and Benjaly-expectant spectainrs, either standing at favorable posi

Senator, from the commencement of the first session of the min. tions on the sidewalks, or thronging the windows com

Thirty second Congress to the 27th of August, 1852, the day On Military Affairs.—Mr. Shields, chairman; Inanding the line of procession. The weather was not

on which the Senate decided that the honorable Stephen pleasant; a raw northeasterly wind, wasting a pretty con.

Messrs. Borland, Dawson, Fitzpatrick, and Jones R. Mallory, whose seat in the Senate was claimed by him, tinuous, though fast melting snow, made its effects felt. was duly elected a member of the Senate from the State of

of Tennessee. As per programme, the military companies of our own Florida.

On Naval Affairs. - Mr. Gwin, chairman; and other places (eightcen in number) met on the parade ground in front of the City Hall, where they were organized

REPAIRING OF CAPITOL ROOMS. Messrs. Mallory, Fish, Thomson of New Jersey, under the cominand of Colonel William Hickey, cominand Mr. JONES, of Iowa, submitted the following

and Toombs. ing the volunteer reginent of the District of Columbia. resolution for consideration:

On Public Lands.-Mr. Borland, chairman; , The other constituent parts of the procession took position upon the same ground. They then, about noon, marched Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate pay the

Messrs. Dodge of lowa, Pratt, Pettit, and Thompthence down Louiana to Pennsylvania avenue, to escort amount which may be allowed by the Committee io Audit

son of Kentucky. the President elect from his lodgings (Willard's Hotel) to the and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate, for the On Indian Affairs.--Mr. Sebastian, chairman; Capitol. Arrived at the hotel, the procession was joined expenses incurred during the last session, in repairing and

Messrs. Walker, Cooper, Rusk, and Smith. by an open barouche, containing the President and Presi fitting up for use two rooms in the basement of the Capitol. '1

On Claims.--Mr. Brodhead, chairman; Messrs. dent elect, the Hons. Jesse D. Bright and Hannibal Hamlin, of the Committee of Arrangements; the baronche be.


Adams, Pratt, Chase, and Wade. ing surrounded by the Marshal of the District of Columbia Mr. SOULE. I present to the Senate the me On the Judiciary. – Mr. Butler, chairman; and his Aids, and followed by several Democratic and Fire morial of several members of the General Assem Messrs. Toucey, Geyer, Stuart, and Phelps. By prior arrangement, in order to accommodate the peo

bly of the State of Louisiana, protesting against On the Post Office and Post Roads.-Mr. Rusk, ple as much as possible in their view of the ceremony of

the action of the Legislature of that State in elect- ! chairman; Messrs. Soulé, Morton, Hamlin, and the inauguration, the large gates of the Capitol yard were ing my present colleague (Mr. BENJAMN) to the Smith. closed to carriages. The President's party and the diplo

seat which he now occupies. The question raised On Roads and Canals.—Mr. Bright, chairman; matic corps were admitted by the north side gate, and a covered way to the north door of the Capitol. The remain

is as to the legolity of that election by the Legisla Messrs. Douglas, Geyer, Adams, and Sumner. ing (pedestrian) portion of the procession, with the people ture of 1852. The Legislature has this year de.

On Pensions.-Mr. Jones, of Iowa, chairman; at large, cutered by the northern side gate.

clined going into a new election, thereby either in Messrs. Weller, Foot, Evans, and Toombs. The President, President elect, and Committee of Arrangements. Marshals, &c., having arrived in the Senate

dorsing the action of the Legislature in 1852, or On the District of Columbia.—Mr. Shields, chairChamber, arter the usual formalities there, they proceeded conceding that they had no right to proceed to a man; Messrs, Norris, Badger, Mallory, and thence to the platform erected for the occasion over the

new election. Such being the circumstances under Cooper. steps leading up to the castern partico. The President elect which the memorial has been sent to me, I comply On Patents and the Palent Office.--Mr. James, then stood forward, and, holding up his right hand, took the oath of office, which was administered by the Chief

with the request directing me to present it to the chairman; Messrs. Evans, Dawson, Stuart, and Justice of the United States. The new President then deSenate, but shall decline taking any further action

Smith. livered his Inaugural Address.--National Intelligencer. upon the subject.

On Territories. – Mr. Douglas, chairman;

men's associations.

320 Cong....3d Sess.

Special SessionPersonal Explanation by Mr. Badger.


Messrs. Weller, Cooper, Houston, and Jones of in my hand, taken from a political newspaper two amendments were proposed by the late SenTennessee.

printed in the town of Wilmington, North Caro ator from Georgia. They were adopted. They To Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of lina, which I ask may be read as the basis of the were sent to the House of Representatives, which the Senate. – Mr. Dodge, of lowa, chairman; | observations which I have to submit to the Senate. refused its concurrence. The honorable chairman Messrs. Foot and Bright.

The Secretary read it as follows:

of the Committee on Naval Affairs, (Mr. Gwin, On Public Buildings.-Mr. James, chairman; « This Week.-The close of business on Thursday night

who was upon the two Committees of Conference Messrs. Badger and Hunter. virtually concludes the present Administration of national

between the two Houses upon the Navy approOn the Library.-Mr. Pearce, chairman; Messrs. affairs. At twelve o'clock on Friday, Franklin Pierce priation bill, knows, that at my earnest instance, Bayard and Atherton. will take the oath of office as President of the United States.

he made it a point to insist upon those amendThe committees were agreed to.

"The present Congress will also end at the same tine, and there is great reason to fear that it will go out without

ments; and my friend from Georgia, also, (Mr. HON. DAVID L. YULEE.

having done anything for our river or bars. The only Dawson,) a member of the committee, who is not

chance now is with the Senate, and both the Senators from Mr. MORTON. I desire to ask the Senate to

now present, joined him in insisting upon it; and this State turn their backs upon the affair and upon us.

feeling the present necessity, as well as yielding take up for consideration the resolution which I Whig or Democrat, Federalist or Republican, we must submitted yesterday, in relation to the per diem have a Cape Fear Senator, if we hope to have anything

to my personal wishes and solicitation on the subdone for the interests of this portion of the State. Messrs. ject, offered in committee that he would surrender and mileage of my late colleague, (Mr. YULEE.)

Badger and Mangum care for us about the value of a chew the appropriation for the river in his own State, I am an xious that it should receive the action of

of tobacco. Perhaps, however, Mr. Ashe may yet be able if the House committee would agree to permit the Senate, one way or the other.

to effect something through others; but it is an up-hill busiMr. CLAYTON. I hope the Senator will not ness, when even the urgent resolutions of the Legislature

this appropriation for Cape Fear lo pass. of their own State cannot induce our North Carolina Sen In all these proceedings I had the cheerful, press his request now.

ators to cooperate with him. That they have refused to Mr. MORTON. If there are any other matters

hearly, and anxious concurrence of Mr. MANGUM, do so, we know." before the Senate, I will not press it this morning.

my late colleague, who in each and every respect

Mr. BADGER. The second session which I acted as became an American Senator and as a Mc. CLAYTON. I hope the Senator will

served in this body, I was called upon by the in North Carolinian, feeling it his special duty to propermit the resolutions I submitted yesterday, to be taken up.

habitants of Wilmington, and others who were vide for what was necessary for any and every Mr. MORTON. I withdraw my request.

immediately interested in the navigation of Cape i portion of the State which jointly with me he rep

Fear river at and below that town, to endeavor to resented on this floor.

secure some appropriation furnishing lights and In these proceedings, Mr. President, I discharged The Senate proceeded to the consideration of the il buoys for that river. I set myself to work, as of nothing more than I felt to be my duty. I desired resolutions submitted yesterday by Mr. Clayton,

course I was bound to do, and endeavored to have no thanks. I expected no commendation. At as follows:

that measure of just relief extended to the people least I knew I should receive none from the quarResolved, That the President be respectfully requested,

of that portion of the State; and I was successful ter from which the extract which has been read if compatible, in his opinion, with the public interest, to in procuring the first and, so far as I know, the comes. But I did think, and do think, that it is a cominunicate to the Senate the propositions mentioned in only effectual measure for giving security to the little hard, when a gentleman has thus endeavored the letter of the Secretary of State accompanying the Executive message to the Senate of the 18th February last, as

navigation of that stream. On that and on every to procure what is desired for a particular locality having been agreed upon by the Department of State, the

occasion, it has been my custom rather to endeavor in his Slate, that he should be falsly denounced as British Minister, and the State of Costa Rica, on the 30th to do what the interests of my constituents re having utterly refused to coöporate with the genof April, 1852, having for their object the settlement of the

quired, than to make a public exhibition of myself tleman who represents that district in the other territorial controversies between the States and Govern

on this floor as their friend, always preferring to House, in endeavoring to procure this relief, and ments bordering on the river San Juan.

Resolved, That the Secretary of State be directed to have measures adopted for their relief rather than turned his back as in scorn and contempt to the communicate to the Senate such information as it may be to make speeches by which I might hold myself application. in the power of his Department to furnish, in regard to the

forth as their special champion. This winter my Mr. President, I feel desirous, now and ever, to conflicting claims of Great Britain and the State of llonduras to the islands of Roatan, Bonacca, Utilla, Barbaral,

attention was early called io the necessity for an vindicate myself from the suspicion that under Helene, and Morat, in or near the Bay of Honduras. appropriation in respect to the entrance of Cape | any circumstances I could permit personal or poMr. CLAYTON addressed the Senate for more

Fear river, the case made being this: The Gov litical considerations, public or private griefs, to than two hours upon the resolutions, and without

ernment of the United States had established cer induce me to neglect any duty which belongs to concluding, gave way to a motion to postpone the tain jetties to protect the site of Fort Caswell, me as an American Senator, and especially any further consideration of the resolutions until to

the effect of which had been to make that side of duty which belongs to me as a Senator from the morrow; which was agreed to. .

the entrance firm, but to turn the current to Bald State of North Carolina. This communication

Head, on the opposite point; and by washing loose remarks, that it is absolutely necessary, in order EXECUTIVE SESSION.

sands to precipitate them into the channels, and so to have these things done, that the Cape Fear porOn motion by Mr. MASON, the Senate proceed. || to promote a rapid filling up, the consequence of tion of the State shall have a Senator upon this ed to the consideration of Executive business, and which was that the channel was shallowed from floor. I have no doubt that there are many genafter some time spent therein, the doors were re twenty to twelve feet, and was losing its present tlemen there who could represent the State on this opened, and

depth at the rate of nine inches a year. The Le floor with far greater ability than myself, and posThe Senate adjourned.

gislature of the State adopted a resolution on the sibly with greater ability than my late colleague;

subject, which I had the honor to present here, but this I venture to assert, that no man from that WEDNESDAY, March 9, 1853.

and had referred to the Committee on Commerce. or any other section of the State, can ever repre

I felt the absolute necessity for something being sent it with truer devotion, and more earnest and Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev.C.M. Butler.

done, and done promptly; that it was a condition unfaltering attention to the promotion of every Mr. BADGER. In proposing the committees of things not only that required relief, but which interest of North Carolina of which the General yesterday, an oversight was made in regard to the did not admit of delay in affording that relief. Government has charge; and I will add another Committee on Printing, which, as it may be neces I learned afterwards, from my friend who is at thing, that, if any gentleman shall be sent here sary in the course of the Executive session, I ask the head of the Committee of Commerce, (Mr. || from the Cape Fear region, and he expects to prothe unanimous consent of the Senate to have now

Hamlin,] that the committee had declined to re cure the aid or assistance of the Senate in promoappointed. I propose that the following be the port any separate measure, and would allow these ting measures of internal improvements, whether members of that committee: Mr. BORLAND, chair- | things to be considered only upon a general bill. l of harbors or rivers, which he may deem essential man; Messrs. Hamlin and Smith.

I thought that was unjust to the particular locality in his own State, he will have to adopt a different The motion was agreed to.

of which I have spoken, and having provided my- system of tactics, and avow a different system of PERSONAL EXPLANATION.

self with a communication from Professor Bache, | principles from those which have generally been

showing not only the necessity of the work, but avowed by the representatives of that portion of Mr. BADGER. I desire to ask a few minutes that it was indispensable that it should be imme. the State. It is not the most persuasive method of the time of Senate this morning, for the diately commenced, I procured the unanimous of getting gentlemen who represent other portions purpose of making what is commonly called a consent of the Committee on Naval Affairs to re of the country to do anything for North Carolina, personal explanation. It is the first time in the port an amendment proposing an appropriation of to announce that he who asks the assistance or facourse of my service in the Senate—which has $50,000 for the object. At the same time the vor is utterly opposed to doing anything for any now extended into the seventh session-that I have committee unanimously concurred in reporting a other portions of the country. ever troubled myself with any matters which hap: similar amendment for removing wrecks from the Mr. President, I am sorry to have trespassed pen outside of the Chamber, and have ever thought | Savannah river, in the State of Georgia; and as I upon the Senate, and especially that I have been any personal concern of mine important enough was called upon by you, sir, to relieve you in obliged to make this statement, containing necesto excite the attention of this body. I am in the part from the oppressive labors brought upon the sarily so much of egotism; but I felt thai it was habit of looking on every assault made against me Chair by the close of the session, it was agreed due to myself. I did not choose that my conin the public press with indifference, bordering between me and the late Senator from Georgia istituents in North Carolina, my Democratic con

(Mr. CHARLTON) that the amendment should be ried the maller rather further than a just considera- 1 offered by him.

stituents, who are just and honorable men, should,

I signified to several of my by anything in the party press, suppose me to be tion of what is due to my position and to my con- í friends on this floor, particularly my friends on the unworthy person which I am represented in stituents exactly warranted. But a case has now the Democratic side of the Chamber-among that publication to be. I take this method, in jusarisen which I feel myself bound to make an ex whom it gives me great satisfaction to say that I tice io my late colleague and myself, of puting ception to the general rule of silence, indifference, bave many warm ones—that this was a measure this matter right, because the leading Democratic and contempt, which I have observed, because it not only right and proper in itself; not only re journal here, being one of the official reporters of is necessary to do so, both in justice to myself and quiring immediate provisions by law, but that I the Senate, this explanation will appear in its col. to Mr. MÁngum, my late colleague in this body: felt a personal interest and anxious personal de umns, and be read by hundreds in North Carolina A friend has transmitted to me a slip which I hold sire that the amendment should be adopted. The || who never otherwise would see it. I believe I

320 CONG.....3D SESS.
Special Session— Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.

SENATE. might appeal, if necessary, for confirmation of sentatives to lose the bill, or else give this appro

ancient associates who served with me in this body what I have said to the honorable Senator from priation among others which they had refused. | twenty-four years ago is now present. I am irréCalifornia, (Mr. Gwin,] the chairman of the Com I have always said, and always will say, that sistibly led back to the events of a period over mittee on Commerce, (Mr. Hamlin,) and to other | although the Senator from North Carolina does which nearly a quarter of a century has spread its Senators, but I have done.

not make much noise about his State here in the || mantle, when those who filled this Chamber as Mr. GWIN. I consider it an act of duty to | Senate, yet, whenever the interests of his State the representatives of the sovereign States of this the honorable Senator from North Carolina, to are before a committee, he attends to them with as Union mingled in discussion on the great issues corroborate every word he has stated with regard much zeal and fidelity as any member of the body | then before the country, and when the walls of to this matter. He brought that subject to the attends to the interests of his constituents. I have this Chamber daily rung with the echoes of their notice of the Committee on Naval Affairs before never known him to be wanting on any proper voices, as they poured forth “the logic and the the naval appropriation bill had come from the occasion.

wisdom and the wit” for which they were so preHouse of Representatives, and he always pressed Mr. HAMLIN. I think it but just that I eminently distinguished. Their debates were but it upon me as an important measure, and mani should bear testimony to what has fallen from the justly compared to the procession of a Roman fested an earnest desire to have the subject con Senator from North Carolina, so far as the action triumph moving in dignity and order to the lofty sidered when we met at the proper time. When of the Committee on Commerce is concerned, and music of its march, and glittering all over with the the naval appropriation bill came from the House 80 far as his application in relation to the subject | spoils of the civilized world. They are gone; and of Representatives, it was at so late a period in | before the committee is concerned. An actual 1, the youngest and humblest of their body, am the session, that without being fully considered, || report was made to the Senate, embracing, esti- || left to tell the tale. The last of them who left this I am sure without being considered at all in the

mates for all appropriations for harbors, rivers,

scene of their strifes and contentions, was the presCommittee on Finance, it was reported without || and lakes; and in that communication were esti ent Vice President of the United States, the Hon. amendment, and the responsibility was thrown mates for the two places he has named: Cape || William R. King, who presided over the deliberupon the Naval Committee, of proposing amend Fear river and the Savannah river. So earnest ations of the Senate nearly twenty years with ments to it. And I will say that when the Naval was the Senator from North Carolina to have unsurpassed ability and impartiality, and who, Committee met for the purpose of proposing these subjects separate and distinct from all others, during a long period, occupied the post of chief amendments which they had prepared to the bill, that he came personally before the Committee on distinction here as the chairman of the Committee the first one that came up was the amendment for Commerce and solicited its separate action. In on Foreign Relations. the appropriation for the improvement of Cape the judgment of the committee, there was no dif “ Statesman, yet friend to truth, of soul sincere, Fear river, and in order that it should have that ference between these cases and others contained In action faithful, and in honor clear!" consideration to which the committee thought it in the general estimates, except in degree; and if I confess, also, a feeling of embarrassment from entitled , when the bill came up for consideration there was a more urgent necessity for these cases, another source. I am called upon to vindicate in the Senate, I gave way, as chairman of the there was still an urgent necessity for other cases; myself against charges of the grossest character Naval Committee, to allow the Senator from Geor- 1 and while I, as chairman of the committee, was in preferred against me here during my absence. It is gia, (Mr. CHARLTON)-the honorable Senator | favor of separate reports in the case, the com the first time in the course of a long life that I have from North Carolina (Mr. BADGER] being in the mittee overruled me, and were unwilling to sepa

found it necessary to defend myself against degradchair - to make a motion to consider this amend rate it from a general bill. I think the Senator | ing imputations before any public tribunal. "The ment first, so that if there was any contest with from North Carolina has erred in one particular, calumnies which have been uttered here, were all regard to it, there might be a full and fair oppor- and I think the Senate has a right to complain, | made in connection with the treaty of the 19th of tunity of discussing it, in order to show the ne but not his constituents; and that was, taking the April, 1850; and I intend, if health and strength cessity of the appropriation.

matter from the appropriate committee to which permit, to vindicate the course which I adopted Further than that: the amendment passed this it belonged and carrying it to a committee which while acting as Secretary of State under the adbody, asis known, without any serious opposition; || had not the subject before them, and getting an ministration of the lamented Taylor, in regard to and when the Committee of Conference was raised, l appropriation here somewhat by indirection. I the negotiation of that treaty. It is a duty incumthe Senator from North Carolina came to me, and do noi find fault with him. I did not know that | bent on me to speak; not, however, merely for I believe to the Senator from Georgia (Mr. Daw the recommendation of the Committee on Naval my own vindication, but to enable others now in son) also, who was a member of the Committee Affairs had been made until it was adopted. The the administration of the Government to underof Conference, and urged, with all the earnestness Senator from North Carolina knows very well stand a subject upon which truth has been more and power he possessed, the necessity of this ap- | that I opposed a similar appropriation when of- perverted, and falsehood more industriously proppropriation, and he brought reasons to bear on my fered by the Senator from New York; and he also agated, than on any other topic of the day. In mind which were imperative, for insisting upon it. || knows very well that I would have opposed his discharging this duty, I shall endeavor to speak It is well known that I voted against the river and proposition if I had been in my place when it was of others with all possible respect, consistently harbor bill on account of its partial operation. I offered. But inasmuch as it was adopted by the with what I owe to truth, to the country, and to looked upon this as an improvement that was ne Senate at the earnest solicitation of the Senator myself. All who recollect my course of conduct cessary, because the obstruction was created by from North Carolina, I withdrew the motion to while I occupied a seat in this Chamber, will bear the Government itself. Not only did I advocate it reconsider it.

me witness that I never assailed any man personin the Committee of Conference, as I stated to the Mr. BORLAND. I hope I will be permitted | ally in debate-never was engaged in any controSenator that I would, but the committee broke up to say one word in connection with this subject. | versy, personal in its character, with any one on this especial item, and the one connected with As is well known, I have as little political sym- unless it was previously provoked by him. Odi the naval depôt at New Orleans. And when a pathy with the Senator from North Carolina as accipitrem. But now let it be well understood by second Committee of Conference was called, of any other member of this body. I am proud to all here, that for every word I utter in debate, I which I was a member, that committee on three say, however, that personally our relations are, hold myself personally responsible everywhere, different occasions were prepared to separate, be and always have been, of the most pleasant char as a gentleman and a man of honor. I have very cause the Senators from Georgia and Louisiana acter. In regard to this particular matter, it so great contempt for that class of puppies whose refused peremptorily to give up this appropriation | happens that I can speak to one point of some im- 1 courage is evinced by their silence when they are at the earnest suggestion of the Senator from portance. When the appropriation came before || hung up by the ear. When attacked, I will deNorth Carolina. There never was a greater in the Senate, or rather when I knew it was coming | fend myself without the slightest regard to consejustice done to any man than that of saying that before the Senate, I expressed an opposition to it; | quences; and in doing that, as I am liable to the he has not exerted himself, from the beginning to not that I objected to the removal of the obstruc infirmities of other men, I will carry the war into the end, in order to get the appropriation. He ) tions, but I objected to it as a separate measure,

Africa whenever I think the assailant worthy of may not have spoken in the Senate on this sub and insisted that it should take its stand among my notice. On this occasion much of what I inject, it is true, but he did speak to that portion of the appropriations for removing obstructions in

tended to say must be omitted, in consequence of this body to whom the power of bringing the other rivers and harbors. The Senator from North the absence of the distinguished Senator from measure forward was intrusted—the Committee on Carolina came to me, and made an appeal in be- Michigan, (Mr. Cass,) who introduced the disNaval Affairs.

half of this particular work, and put its character cussion in this Chamber of Thursday, the 6th of Mr. BADGER. I was in the chair.

and its necessity in such a light before me, that I | January last. I regret his absence, and the cause Mr. GWIN. I will say further, that when the yielded to his request; and I must be permitted to of it. I cannot say those things which I had infirst committee broke up, and we came back and say, however it may reflect on me generally as a tended to say to him if he were here, for I do not reported that we could not agree, it is well known || legislator, that I was as much influenced by my much approve of the modern plan of attacking that the Senator from North Carolina moved that we || personal relations and kindness for him as any absent men, who can have no opportunity of deshould adhere to our amendments; and he withdrew conviction of the importance of the work.

fending themselves on the spot. However, in that motion at my solicitation, in order that we


speaking of the subjects referred to in that debate, might agree with the House on all the amend.

in which that Senator was my principal accuser ments which we were willing to give up. And

The Senate resumed the consideration of the during my absence, I must necessarily speak of then he intended to move to adhere, and make it resolutions submitted on Monday last by Mr. him, because my own defense, for which I have deimperative upon the House of Representatives to CLAYTON.

manded liberty of speech at the first moment after reject the bill, or agree to this amendment. But,

Mr. CLAYTON conclụded the remarks which he | the Senate could possibly hear me, would otherat the earnest solicitation of the chairman of the

commenced yesterday. His speech is as fol-wise be unintelligible. And I will say further, Committee on Finance, and other members of the lows:

that I am willing to remain here till harvest if neSenate, I retained the floor, and made the motion Mr. CLAYTON. In rising for the first time, | cessary, in order that all others who may choose to insist, and agree to another committee of con after a long absence, to address the Senate, I labor to reply to anything I shall say, may have full and ference. The Senator from North Carolina voted under some embarrassment, from observing that ample opportunity of doing so. against that motion, because he wanted to adhere, the gentlemen around me are generally strangers At the time to which I have referred, the 6th of and make it imperative upon the House of Repre- ll to me, and that not a single individual of all my l) January last, the Senator from Michigan rose in

320 CONG.....30 Sess.

Special Session— Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.


his place, and demanded an opportunity to make a to-day, that we cannot come to an understanding || is, therefore, in this respect, no longer merely depersonal explanation. In the course of that ex in relation to these matters.

fensive. I deny the statements of the committee planation he distinctly charged me, as all the re The correspondence of Mr. King, and his whole so far as they go to excuse those who assailed me, ports of his remarks which appeared in the public conduct towards me while I was acting as Secre- and I become the accuser in my turn. The stateprints on that and the succeeding day will show, tary of State, were worthy of my highest respect. ment of the committee to which I mean to except with having recognized the British title in Hondu He was frank, open, and manly, in all his com is, that “the boundaries allotted to the British ras, commonly called the Balize. My letter to Mr. munications with me on all occasions. He was settlements on the Balize by the treaties of 1783 Bulwer, on the 4th of July, 1850, completely dis ever true to his word. I consulted him as one of 6 and 1786, lie altogether within the territory of proves this accusation, and shows that I carefully || the fathers of the Senate, and as one of the chief the Republic of Guatemala.” I mean to mainavoided the very thing of which he accused me. constitutional advisers of the President in reference tain that this opinion or statement of the commitAnother version of his speech afterwards ap to the treaty, as it progressed from time to time. tee, whether considered politically, geographicalpeared, charging me with having admitted by my We both agreed that we never could, and never ly, or historically, is utterly and absolutely erroletter that Central America was not Central Amer- would recognize any title to the eminent domain, neous; and that the British settlements within the ica at all, and that the treaty did not apply to any as existing in Great Britain, in what was called boundaries allotted to them by the treaties of 1783 territory where Great Britain had any sort of British Honduras or Balize. We concurred ex. and 1786 are and ever have been, from the earliest claim. This also is disproved by the letier. Both actly with the report of the honorable chairman of history of that country, within that intendency of these statements did me gross injustice, and they the Committee on Foreign Relations, that all the Mexico called Yucalan, or Merida, and never went on the wings of the lightning to all parts of title that Great Britain had in the territory called formed a portion, and do not at this day form a the country before I could possibly refute them. Balize, was the right of occupancy in the territory portion, either of the State of Guatemala, or of the It is said falsehood will travel a league before truth pointed out in the treaty of 1786 between Great || ancient viceroyalty of Guatemala, or of that councan put on his boots, and so I found it. Britain and Spain.

try which is known among statesmen by the name But, sir, there was a much more grave and se Sir, there were other extraordinary statements of Central America. rious accusation than that. If I understand it at made on that occasion. It was stated by some The term Central America has been used among all, it was a charge that I had inserted in the letter one in debate that General Taylor's executive some blundering geographers and careless travelers to Sir Henry L. Bulwer a direct falsehood; that I message to the Senate, communicating the treaty as applicable to many different parts of this hemihad stated that Mr. King, the chairman of the Com of the 19th of April, 1850, had described the coun sphere. I can supply the committee with several mittee on Foreign Relations, the chosen organ of the try within which the British were not to occupy,

such books as " Johnson's Gazetteer," which was Senate to communicate with me---as much the or fortify, colonize, or assume or exercise any do- | quoted in debate, and which describes it as congan of this body as I was the organ of the Presi minion, as extending from the southern part of taining a large portion of Mexico and the whole Redent to communicate to the Senate through him, Mexico to the interior of New Granada. The il public of New Granada. Such was the character had informed me that the Senate perfectly under President had stated in that executive message, of the authority relied upon in debate here by some stood at the time they voted upon the treaty of the that the treaty provided for the protection of all Senators, to prove that they understood, when 19: of April, 1850, that British Honduras was the routes between the points which I have just they voted on the treaty of the 19th of April, 1850, not included in that treaty. The Senator from named; but the country' from which the British that British Honduras was included in that treaty. Michigan declared in the presence of the Ameri were excluded by the treaty, was the country de- of course, then, they understood that the trealy can Senate, that he had that very morning himself scribed in the first article. The eighth article covered not only a large portion of Mexico, but the waited on Mr. King, and had received from Mr. speaks of protection to be given to the Tehuante- whole Republic of New Granada! Now, among King's own lips the positive denial of the asser pec route and the Panama route; and a sad blun statesmen and legislators, the boundaries of a countion. Now, Mr. President, I can understand this: der was made by somebody in quoting that pas-try designated by a particular phrase are those a man of hasty impulses might make a great mis. sage to show that British Honduras was included which their own Governments have recognized untake even in reference to a subject of that charac in that treaty. It is unnecessary for me to expose der that designation. We made a treaty, on the ter, and might misunderstand Mr. King.

what is at once made palpable to every one who 5th of December, 1825, with Central America, or But on the Saturday, succeeding that debate will look at the eighth section of the treaty. “ Centro-America," and we have repeatedly acthere appeared in the public papers of this city, Again: it was insinuated debate, if I under- | credited ministers, for whose missions Congress under my own hand, a vindication of myself stood it, that the President and Cabinet had not, has made appropriations from time to time, to the against the charge, and Mr. King's own letter, been informed of my proceedings at the time of Government of Central America. At the same dated at the very time I was writing the letter to the exchange of the ratifications. On what au- time we have sent other men as ministers to New Sir Henry L: Bulwer, informing me, in the very thority such an insinuation may have been made, Granada as a separate Government to Mexico as words used by me in the letter to Sir Henry, it is impossible for me to conjecture, for I think at another Government-special agents to Yucatan, " that the Senate perfectly understood that British this very moment one of the Cabinet of President and consuls to British Honduras. The writers of Honduras was not included in the treaty." I Taylor is within hearing of my voice, and will gazetteers and careless travelers may classify counhave the original letter now before me. The Sen bear testimony with me, as every other member tries according to fancy, and nobody is hurt by it ator from Michigan surely saw that letter in the would, that the whole subject was referred to the if they happen to extend the name of Central newspaper, or he heard it here in debate; for some President, and perfectly understood by every Cab America to the whole isthmus between North and of my friends, to whom I owe great acknowledg inet minister, as well as by the President himself. | South America, or even to the arctic circle; but a ments for their defense of me on the occasion, It is only necessary to mention these things, and statosman is expected to speak, when writing a brought that letter to the notice of the Senator; I have done with them. It is painful to allude to treaty, in the language and according to the meaning and it appears from the card of Mr. Bragg, a accusations built upon such miserable statements of the terms employed by his own Government in gentleman of the other House and a friend of Mr. as this.

former treaties and laws. Our treaty with “CentroKing, published on the Tuesday succeeding, in At the instance of the Senator from Michigan, America," or Central America, of December 5th, the public papers of the city, that the honorable a resolution was adopted by the Senate on the 27th || 1825, was a treaty with the confederated States of Senator from Michigan must himself have seen of January last, referring my correspondence Guatemala, San Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mr. King after the morning on which he made his with Sir H. L. Bulwer, at the time of exchanging and Costa Rica; and the constitution of the Reaccusation against me, and received from Mr. ratifications, to the Committee on Foreign Rela- | public of Central America, adopted on the 22d of King's own lips a denial of the statement which tions, with instructions to that committee to in- | November, 1824, and officially communicated to the Senator made on this floor. And, sir, what ) quire what measures were necessary on the part our Government before we made the treaty with follows that? The Senator came into the Senate of the Senate to be taken on account of it. On that Republic, described its territories as embracing on the Monday following, and, as Mr. Bragg || the 11th of February, the committee reported a only the ancient viceroyalty of Guatemala, with tates in his letter, reiterated the accusation against resolution that Mr. Bulwer's declaration and my the exception of the province of Chiapas. Whatme. It does not appear upon the debates that he reply to it import nothing more than an admis- ever was excluded by Central America from her did so; but this did appear: that he was entirely sion on the part of the two Governments, or own limits, could not be embraced in any treaty silent in regard to the whole matter of his charge. their functionaries, at the time of exchanging with that Government, or any treaty respecting its In referring to the letter of Mr. King, he only said ‘ratifications, that nothing contained in the treaty | territories with any other Government. So far, that he had nothing to do with it. This left Mr. ' was to be considered as affecting the title or ex. the committee and I agree. They have repudiKing in an unpleasant position as well as myself; listing rights of Great Britain to the English set ated the preposterous and silly conclusions arrived and the Senator never did me the justice on any tlements in Honduras Bay, and consequently, at by certain gentlemen in the debate of the 6th of occasion to retract the statement which he had that no measures are necessary on the part of the | January. These are errors of which a schoolboy made here on the 6th day of January. Of that I *Senate to be taken because of Sir Henry's dec. ought to be ashamed, and I content myself with feel that I have great cause to complain. There • laration and my reply.'

referring to the facility with which the committee was nothing in the personal relations of the Sen To this part of the report, which acquitted me have rejected the geography of such learned Theator from Michigan with myself to warrant me of the imputations cast upon me, I of course do | bans, and adopted the conclusion that the treaty in the expectation that he would make such an not object. The committee have negatived all the l of 1850 includes nothing more than the Central assault upon me. So far as I understood those re statements of those who declared that the Senate | America embraced in her own constitution. But lations we had been very friendly. He had been did not understand the treaty as I had explained the report of the committee shall not cover the kind to one who was dear to me, and I thought it to Mr. Bulwer, or have deemed them unworthy | ignorance of others, who asserted with so much I had repaid the obligation by being as kind to of their notice. My triumph over these accusa confidence here that British Honduras was incluone who stood in the same relation to him. In all tions is completed by the report of the very tribu- | ded in the treaty. I shall proceed to prove, bethe intercourse which I had with him there was nal selected by my accusers in my absence to try yond the power of successful denial, that the setno evidence whatever of personal hostility, and I me. But there is one part of the committee's re Uements at Balize, within the limits of the treaty should as soon have suspected any other man of port, which, although it is not necessary for my. of 1786, could not by possibility be included in the doing me injustice as the Senator from Michigan. justification to refute it, yet is indispensable as an territory of Central America; and I now throw It is for that reason that I regret he is not here excuse for those who assailed me. My attitude Il down the gauntlet, not only to all these wise men


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