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Public Landk-Continued.

Washington Territory-Continued,
town and village lots.....
.361 pay for bringing seamen home as witnesses, 337 governor..

..338 officers concurred with, term of office......361 appropriation for acknowledging the services secretary

..339 bonds of.......... ..361 of foreigners in cases of rescue from ship legislative assembly..

..339 grant to California for a university and for pub wreck

...341 sessions limited..

.339 lic buildings.. ..361 || Shipwreck, reward to foreigners in cases of rescue qualifications of voters..

.339 surveyor-general of Oregon to have a seal..361 from..

..341 legislative powers. .

..339 his atiested copies to be evidence.. .361 Sioux Indians, of Mississippi, appropriation for taxes.

.339 his salary..... ..361 the..

first session of..

..340 correction of erroneous locations and entries, 363 || Six Nations, Indians of New York, appropria laws to embrace but one object, and that exgrant for schools in Minnesota....... ..363 tions for the..

.358 pressed in the title..,... act concerning suspended entries.. ...363 Smallwood, James B., payment to... .349 judiciary...

.339, 340 reserved cedar lands in Alabama to be sold, 363 Smith, Buckingham, payment to.....

.347 removal of cases to..

.340 Public Ministers, salary of those resident at sun Smithsonian Institute, appointment of regents appointment of officers.

.340 dry places..... ...347 in... ..364 existing laws continued.

..340 Public Moneys, compensation of the depositaries | South Carolina, salary of marshal of.. ....336 delegate from...

..340 of.. .338 || Spanish Consul and Subjects, indemnification certain officers to retain office..

.340 Public Printer, settlement of the certain accounts of..

...365 officers to give bonds...

...340 of the.. 1.364 State Department, appropriations for support of, school lands in....

.340 Pursers in California, pay of.

344 jurisdiction over Columbia River.. .340 clerk of.. .352 Assistant Secretary of State to be appointed, 355 appropriation for..

.351 Q.

Statistics, agricultural, appropriation for collection Water, supply of, to City of Washington....348 of.

..349 Weas, appropriation for the...... ..359 Quapaw Indians, appropriation for the......358 Indian, appropriations for.....

..359 Webster, Daniel, appropriation for expenses of Statue of George Washington, appropriation for, obsequies of..

..344 R.

332 Williams, William, payment to...

..341 Railroads, all now made or hereafter to be made, of Andrew Jackson, appropriation for, 342, 351 Wind and Current Charts, appropriation for.353

constituted post roads..... ....363 Statutes at Large, appropriation for the purchase Winnebago Indians, appropriation for...357, 359 grant to Arkansas and Missouri in aid of one

.349 and other tribes,

..357 from the Mississippi to the Texan bound Steamboat Inspectors, authorized to dispense with Witnesses, fees of..

..337 ary......

..333 certain requirements of the act relating to provision respecting persons coming from abroad survey of a route for, to the Pacific. ..352 steamboats...

.364, 365 Receivers, land, appointment of........334, 360

persons interested in patents for things required, respecting officers of government. ..337 tenure of office of.

..361 not to he competent to hold the office of..363 in California, and Oregon, extra pay of....337 surplus fees of, for bounty land warrants, to be

Stockbridge Indians, appropriation for the....358 Wreck, appropriation for acknowledging services paid to the treasurer.. .348 || Stocks, (Public,) purchase of, authorized.....350 of foreigners in rescue from.....

.341 Records, Public, penalty for offenses concern

Stuntz, George R., payment to........... ..324 Wright, Hendrick B., payment to... .341 ing... .338 || Superintendent of the coast survey, pay of...349 Wyandots appropriation for the...

.359 of court, how made up..

..335 of public printing to superintend the binding of Red River Raft, amendment of appropriation for public documents..


PRIVATE removal of..


of public printing, to receive and keep samples Regents, in Smithsonian Institution, appointment of paper for maps, &c......... ...344 Albatross, The, register to issue to..........369 of.i.

Alcott, Sidney S., allowed to enter land......366 ...364 of armories, inquiry as to appointment of..351 Registers, land, appointment of.... .334, 360 || Surveyor-General for California, appointment of, Allegheny Válley Railroad, right of way granted tenure of office of..

and his duties......

to the...

..369 surplus fees of, for bounty land warrants to be for Oregon, duties of......


Armistead, Elizabeth, pension of............366 paid into Treasury: ..348 Surveys, of the coast-see Coast Surveys.

Armstrong, Robert, settlement of accounts of, 372 of vessels wrecked, and purchased by Ameri

of laods in California....

..360 Arnow, Joseph, claim of heirs of, to be adjusted, cans and repaired. .331

366 of railroad route to the Pacific,


Richmond, (Virginia,) compensation of postmas- || Suspended entries, act of 1846 concerning, revi-


Baden, Frances E., pension of....

.370 Riley, Brigadier General Bennett, settlement of

Barnard, Christine, payment to...

.370 accounts of... ...333

Barnett, Thompson, payment to .....

.373 to be allowed certain expenses in California, 333 Taliaferro, Inhn,


Bates, Lewis H., claim of, to be audited and paid, to be indemnified against certain suits......333 | Territory of Washington, established.. .338

371 Rivers and Harbors, appopriations for.......342 act concerning pay of officers absent from a, Battle, Isaac L., estate of, released from a judgappropriation for Seekonk river, amended..365 repealed....


.373 Red River Raft, amendment explanatory of act Texas Indians, appropriation for the. .359

Baury, Mary, pension of..

.371 appropriating money for removal of raft Tod, David, payment to....

.347 | Bay City, the name of the Forest City changed of..... ....364 || Topographical Engineers, rule of promotion in

.369 Route Agents, act of 1852, ch. 111, sec. 3, respect, corps of......

.....352 | Bedient, William, pension of..

.368 ing salary of, repealed...... .354 || Treasury, Secretary of the, salary of, increas- || Belleview, towa, grant of land to,

.368 ed.. S.

.....350 Belknap, Ann C., pension of .....

.367 to report annually respecting coast survey..349 Benneti, B. B.; pension of........

.370 Sac and Fox Indians, appropriation for the..235,

Blunt, S. F., payment to .........

.370 236

Boundary, Brig, register to issue to....., San Francisco, settlement of accounts of late col- || Utah, military reservation in, for Indian pur Box, Edward, pension of ..

...370 lectos ati .343 poses.

..359 Brazil Packet, The, register to issue to the, under extension of time for bids for a mint at. ..343

the name of May...

.....370 basin and railway at..... .353

Burlington, lowa, grant' of land to...........368 Seamen, appropriation for......

..348 Vice President, salary of, increased... .350 | Bush, Captain, payment of company of, for serfees of, when they return to be witnesses...337 administration of oath of office to William R. vices in Florida...:

....369 Seekonk River, amendment of appropriation for, King........

.341 365 || Virginia, settlement of claim of.

.352 Secretary, of California land claim commission, payment to Captain McRae's company of vol. California, expenses of, paid by General Riley, to ii....349 unteers from...

..352 be allowed in his accounts...

.368 of census board, pay of.. ..364 Vouchers, false, penalty for officers taking re Capers, Jim, pension of......

..367 of State, pay of, increased.

ceipts for more than they pay...


Carr, John, arrears of pension of, to be paid to his assistant to; to be appointed.'.


...367 of the Interior, pay of, increased. ..350

Carrier Pigeon, The, name of the Ontario changed of the Navy, pay of, increased.. ..350 Walker, Courtney M., payment to. .359 to...

......372 of the Treasury, pay of, increased.. ..350 War, Secretary of; salary of, increased. 350 | Chelsea, Massachusetts, right of way granted to, , ..350

370 for contract:

.352 || Cleveland and Pittsburg Railroad, right of way the .. .357 Washington City, supply of water to....... .348 granted to.

.369 Seneca Indians, appropriations for the.......359 Washington, George, appropriation for an eques- Click, Henry, increase of pension of.. ..371 and Shawanees, appropriation for the.

trian statue of...
..348 Cobb, Ursula E., pension of...

...371 of New York, appropriation for the....... .328 Washington Navy Yard, indemnification for pron Colton, Walter, payment to representatives of, 370 Shawnee Indians, appropriation for the......358 erty burnt at.

.342 Converse, John P., payment to .......

.373 and Senecas, appropriations for the........358 | Washington Territory, establishment of the..338 Corderey, David, payment to representatives of, Shipping, registers and enrollment to issue to for boundaries....


373 eign vessels wrecked, and purchased by Amer reservation of power of United States respecting Covert, Cornelius, payment to...

.371 ican citizens and repaired at a certain cost, 331 Indians....

..338 Craig, Elizabeth, pension of.....

..371 pay of seamen sent home as witnesses.....337 missionary stations.

..338 "Creecy, Colonel James R., payment to .368

ter at.





pay of...




Cross, Osborn, settlement of accounts of......366 Leadbetter, D., payment to....

...370 Pilcher, Josiah P., payment to...... ...370 D.

Leonie, The, regisier to issue to the Prentice un Poindexter, George, claim of, to be audited and
der the name of..
...366 paid..

.372 Dade, Mrs. A. M., pension of...

.369 Lomax, Elizabeth V., pension of..366, 369, 370 Prentice, The, name of, changed to Leonie...366 Darling, Nathan H., pension of...

.372 Lynch, John A., payment to widow of......368 Price, Captain, payment of company of, for serviDe Neufville, John, and son, payment to heir of,

ces in Florida..

..369 373

Price, William J., land confirmed to.........

.......372 Dubuque, Iowa, grant of land to.

..368 | MacKay, Sarah D., pension of.............368 Public Lands-see Lands. Dudley, Thomas P., pension of...... .366 Maltby, Jasper A., land warrant to issue to...37 Public Printer, settlement of certain accounts of,73

Matthews, Charles S., payment to.... ..367 | Queen of Dundee, The, register to issue to, under
May, of Baltimore, register to issue to the Brazil the name of Kate Wheeler.

.365 Elliot, Asenath M., pension of........, .368 Packet, under the name of...... ..370 Quinney, John W., payment lo..

.367 El Paraguay, the name of the Roger Williams, McFarland, William, land released to heirs of, land granted to..!

.367 changed to....... .372

367 Evans, Mrs. Anna C. D., payment to.......373 McKee, Colonel William R., payment to widow

R. and children of.......

.367 Reily, Barbara, to be paid arrears of pension of F. grant of land to children of.... .367 William Reily. :

..368 Fanny, The, register to issue to, under the name McLaughlin, Benjamin, payment to: .368 Renner, Mary B., claim of, as administratrix of of the Golden Mirror...

....368 McNeil, Mrs. E. A., arrears of pension of Gene Daniel Renner, to be audited and paid...367 Farrar, Margaret, payment of claim of.......368 ral John McNeil, to be paid to.......

.....366 Riley, General Bennett, settlement of account Fawns, James A., seulement of accounts of..365 Millar, John, registers to issue to vessels of..369


.....333 Forest City, The, name of, changed to Bay City, | Miller, Henry, pension of....

..372 Roberts, Benjamin S., payment to......... ..370 369

Monroe, Elizabeth, pension of... ..372 | Roger Williams, The, name of, changed to El ParaFrémont, John C., to be indemnified against a suii, Morehead, Joseph, payment to guardians of..369 guay....

.372 370 Moss, Matthew, adjustment of account of...373 G.


N. Gardiner, Frances P., pension of............367

Sackett's Harbor and Ellisburg Railroad, right of Noel, Thomas, settlement of accounts of.....367 Garnett, Alexander Y. P.,

way granted to.

..365 payment 10......373 Georgetown and Catoclin Railroad, grant of right

Norton, Betsey, pension of...

.372 Savannah, (Georgia,) site of Oglethorpe Barracks ....373 of way to.......... 0.


granted to... Glynn, James, settlement of accounts of .....368

Shade, Jacob, Jr., pension of...

.370 Ogden, C. A., payment to. ..371

.....370 Gibson, Robert, pension of.....

Simons, Maurice K., pension of... .368 Golden Mirror, T'he, register to issue to......368

Oglethorpe Barracks, site of, surrendered to Sa Sisters of the Visitation, &c., incorporated...370

vannah.. Goldsborough, L. M., payment to... ..370

.373 Smith, Gilman, pension of..

.372 Olmstead, Moses, pension of..

...371 Guion, E. P., payment to.. ..368

Smith, George P., released from a bond... .369 Ontario, The, name of, changed to Carrier Pig. payment to.


pay of.....

.369 Ozias, John, payment to.

..372 || Smith, J. L., ...367 Hall, James, payment to........

.370 payment to.

Smith, Philo, payment to.

366 Hayden, Catharine P., payment to..........370

Southern Michigan Railroad, payment to... .373 Herring, Gardiner, pension of.... ....371 Huffington, John, payment to :

.372 Sowards, Rosanna, pension of.....
Pearson, Mary, pension of...

Spaulding, Harlow, payment to...
Pensions of

.371 Hughes, Cornelius, pension of.


Armistead, Elizabeth. Hutchinson, Thompson, to be paid arrears of

.366 Speiden, William, allowance to...

.366 Baden, Frances E..... .370 Stafford, Abigail, payment to.....

.367 pension of Thoinas Hutchinson....

Baury, Mary.


St. Louis, &c., Railroad, right of way granted
Bedient, William.



.367 Belknap, Ann C...

Storer, Jacob J., payment to.......

.367 Jenkins, James H.,

.371 payment to..

.370 Benneti, B. B...

Suarez, Captain, payment to company of, for serJohnson, Joseph, pension of.

Box, Edward.

vices in Florida ..

..369 Jones, Elizabeth, payment to, for arrears of pen

.367 Capers, Jim.

Sullivan, John T., payment to..... ...366 sion of John Carr ....

Carr, John....

.367 Swayze, C. L., location of Choclaw scrip by, ap-
Click, Henry...
.371 proved..

..368 Cobb, Ursula E.. .371 Sykes, John J., payment to.......

.366 Kate Wheeler, register to issue to..

Craig, Elizabeth.


Kerbaugh, John, pension of ....

Dade, A.

Darling, Nathan H.
..372 | Taylor, Maria, title of, confirmed

..372 Dudley, Thomas P.

.366 Thompson, Mary W., pension of... ....369 Lacon, William, claim of, to be audited and paid,

Elliott, Asenath M.

.368 Todd, Bernard, payment to representatives of, 368 371 Gardener, Frances P.


V. Lands, Public, acts respecting, in favor of

Gibson, Robert....

.371 Alcott, S. S..

Herring, Gardner..

Van Brunt, G. J., payment to.....

...370 Allegheny Valley Railroad.

Hughes, Cornelius..


Visitation, Sisters of the, incorporated .......370 Belleview...

Hutchinson, Thompson.

..367 Burlington.

Johnson, Joseph.

.370 Chelsea .

Jones, Elizabeth..

.367 || Waln, S. Morris, duties to be refunded to....371 Lands, Public, act respecting, in favor of

Kerbaugh, John...

.368 Washington, The, relief of widowe and children of Cleveland, &c., Railroad,

Lomax, E. V..
.366, 369 those lost in.

....367 Dubuque..

Mackay, Sarah D.
..368 Wells, Edmund, land warrant to issue to....

...372 Georgetown, &c., Railroad..

McNeil, Elizabeth....


Wells, Sally, land warrant to issue to........372 Malthy, Jasper A....,

Miller, Henry.


Wells, William H., land warrant to issue to..372 McFarland, William..

Monroe, Elizabeth.....

.372 Weston, Nathan, Jr., payment to.. ...367 McKee, Colonel W. R....

Norton, Betsey.

.372 Wigg, William Hazzard, settlement of claims Price, William G......

Olmstead, Moses.
..372 of..

..372 Quinney, John W.....

Pearson, Mary..

.337 Wilcoxon, Joseph M., land entries of, confirmSackett's Harbor, &c., Railroad. .365, 366

Shạde, Jacob, Jr...

..368 St. Louis, &c., Railroad.

Simona, Maurice K....
..368 Williams, John, pension of..

..369 Swayze, C. L.......

Smith, Gilman.,

..372 Wingate, Jeremiah, land title of, coufirmed...368 Taylor, Maria.

Sowards, Rosanna.
.369 Wood, Charles, payment to...

.367 Wells, Edmund.. .372 Thomson, Mary W... .369 Woodward, Mary, pension of....

.372 Wells, Sally:

Williams, John...
..369 Worth, Margaret L., pension of...

.366 Wells, William H...

Woodward, Mary.

Wilcoxon, Joseph M..

Worih, Margaret L.

.366 Wingate, Maria...,.

Young, Jacob..
.367 Young, Jacob, pension of.....



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32. CONG..... 20 Sess.

Message of the President.

NEW SERIES.......No. 1.


This is the first number of the Appendix to the Congressional Globe for the second session of the Thirty Second

within nine or ten years have been excluded from presumptive ground for such prohibition, has been Congress. It will contain all the Messages of the President

waters to which they had free access for twenty made the subject of a serious remonstrance at Maof the United States, the Reports of the Executive Depart five years after the negotiation of the treaty. În drid; and I have no reason to doubt that due respect ments, and all the speeches of Members of Congress with 1845 this exclusion was relaxed so far as concerns will be paid by the Government of her Catholic held by them for revision. All the Laws that may be passed during the session will be published in the same forn,

the Bay of Fundy, but the just and liberal inten- Majesty to the representations which our Minister so that they may be bound up with the Congressional Globe

tion of the Home Government, in compliance with has been instructed to make on the subject. and Appendix.

what we think the true construction of the conven It is but justice to the Captain General to add, Subscription price of the Congressional Globe and Ap- || tion, to open all the other outer bays to our fishpendix and the Laws for this session, (payable in advance,)

that his conduct toward the steamers employed ermen, was abandoned, in consequence of the op$300.

to carry the mails of the United States to Havana A sufficient nuinber of copies will be printed to supply position of the colonies. Notwithstanding this, has, with the exceptions above alluded to, been all who jay subscribe before the 15th of January.

the United States have, since the Day of Fundy marked with kindness and liberality, and indicates

was reopened to our fishermen, in 1845, pursued no general purpose of interfering with the comMESSAGE

the most liberal course toward the colonial fishing mercial correspondence and intercourse between interests. By the revenue law of 1846, the duties | the Island and this country.

on colonial fish entering our ports were very greatly Early in the present year official notes were rePRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. reduced, and by the warehousing act it is allowed ceived from the Ministers of France and England,

to be entered in bond without payment of duty. inviting the Government of the United States to

In this way colonial fish has acquired the monop become a party with Great Britain and France to Fellow-Citizens of the Senate

oly of the export trade in our market, and is en a tripartite convention, in virtue of which the and of the House of Representatives: tering to some extent into the home consumption. three Powers should severally and collectively The brief space which has elapsed since the | These facts were among those which increased the disclaim, now and for the future, all intention to close of your last session has been marked by no sensibility of our fishing interest, at the movement i obtain possession of the Island of Cuba, and extraordinary political event. The quadrennial || in question.

should bind themselves to discountenance all atelection of Chief Magistrate has passed off with These circumstances, and the incidents above tempts to that eflect on the part of any Power or less than the usual excitement. However indi- | alluded to, have led me to think the moment favor- : individual whatever. This invitation has been viduals and parties may have been disappointed able for a reconsideration of the entire subject of respectfully declined, for reasons which it would in the result, it is nevertheless a subject of national the fisheries, on the coasts of the British Provinces, l! occupy too much space in this communication to congratulation that the choice has been esi'ected by with a view to place them upon a more liberal state in detail, but which led me to think that the the independent suffrages of a free people, undis- ifooting of reciprocal privilege. A willingness to proposed measure would be of doubtful constituturbed by those influences which in other coun meet us in some arrangement of this kind is un tionality, impolitic, and unavailing. I have, howtries have too often affected the purity of popular derstood to exist on the part of Great Britain, ever, in common with several of my predecessors, elections.

with a desire on her part to include in one compre directed the Ministers of France and England to Our grateful thanks are due to an All-merciful hensive settlement, as well this subject as the com. be assured that the United States entertain no Providence, not only for staying the pestilence mercial intercourse between the United States and designs against Cuba; but that,"on the contrary, which in different forms has desolated some of the British Provinces. I have thought that what I should regard its incorporation into the Union our cities, but for crowning the labors of the hus ever arrangements may be made on these two sub at the present time as fraught with serious peril. bandman with an abundant harvest, and the na- :jects, it is expedient that they should be embraced Were this Island comparatively destitute of intion generally with the blessings of peace and in separate conventions. The illness and death habitants, or occupied by a kindred race, I should prosperity.

of the late Secretary of State prevented the com regard it, if voluntarily ceded by Spain, as a most Within a few weeks the public mind has been mencement of the contemplated negotiation. Pains desirable acquisition. "But, under existing circumdeeply affected by the death of Daniel Webster, have been taken to collect the information required stances, I should look upon its incorporation into filling at his decease the office of Secretary of State. for the details of such an arrangement. The sub our Union as a very hazardous measure. It would His associates in the Executive Government have ject is attended with considerable difficulty. If it bring into the Confederacy a population of a difsincerely sympathized with his family and the is found practicable to come to an agreement mu ferent national stock, speaking a different language, public generally on this mournful occasion. His ftually acceptable to the two parties, conventions and not likely to harmonize with the other memcommanding talents, his great political and pro- | may be concluded in the course of the present bers. It would probably affect, in a prejudicial fessional eminence, his well-tried patriotism, and winter. The control of Congress over all the pro manner, the industrial interests of the South; and his long and faithful services, in the most import- || visions of such an arrangement, affecting the rev it might revive those conflicts of opinion between ant public trusts, have caused his death to be enue, will of course be reserved.

the different sections of the country, which lately lamented throughout the country, and have earned The affairs of Cuba formed a prominent topic in ! shook the Union to its center, and which have for him a lasting place in our history.

my last annual message. They remain in an un been so happily compromised. In the course of the last summer considerable easy condition, and a feeling of alarm and irrita The rejection by the Mexican Congress of the anxiety was caused for a short time by an official tion on the part of the Cuban authorities appears convention which had been concluded between intimation from the Government of Great Britain to exist. This feeling has interfered with the reg that Republic and the United States, for the prothat orders had been given for the protection of ular commercial intercourse between the United tection of a transit way across the Isthmus of Tethe fisheries upon the coasts of the British Prov- || States and the Island, and led to some acts of huantepec, and of the interests of those citizens of inces in North America against the alleged en which we have a right to complain. But the Cap- || the United States who had become proprietors of croachments of the fishing vessels of the United tain General of Cuba is clothed with no power to the rights which Mexico had conferred on one of States and France. The shortness of this notice treat with foreign Governments, nor is he in any her own citizens in regard to that transit, has and the season of the year seemed to make it a degree under the control of the Spanish Minister thrown a serious obstacle in the way of the attainmatter of urgent importance. It was at first ap at Washington. Any communication which he ment of a very desirable national object. I am prehended that an increased naval force had been may hold with an agent of a foreign Power is in- || still willing to hope that the differences on the subordered to the fishing grounds to carry into effect formal and matter of courtesy. Anxious to put ject which exist, or may hereafter arise, between the British interpretation of those provisions in the an end to the existing inconveniences, (which the Governments, will be amicably adjusted. This convention of 1818, in reference to the true intent seemed to rest on a misconception,) I directed the subject, however, has already engaged the attenof which the two Governments differ. It was soon | newly-appointed Minister to Mexico to visit Ha tion of the Senate of the United States, and rediscovered that such was not the design of Great || vana, on his way to Vera Cruz. He was respect- | quires no further comment in this communication. Britain, and satisfactory explanations of the real | fully received by the Captain General, who con The settlement of the question respecting the objects of the measure have been given both here ferred with him freely on the recent occurrences; port of San Juan de Nicaragua, and of the controand in London.

but no permanent arrangement was effected. versy between the Republics of Costa Rica and The unadjusted difference, however, between In the mean time, the refusal of the Captain Gen- Nicaragua, in regard to their boundaries, was conthe two Governments as to the interpretation of eral to allow passengers and the mail to be landed | sidered indispensable to the commencement of the the first article of the convention of 1818 is still a in certain cases, for a reason which does not fur- l ship-canal between the two oceans, which was the matter of importance. American fishing vessels i nish, in the opinion of this Government even a good ii subject of the convention between the United


320 Cong.....20 Sess.

Message of the President.

Senate & Ho. OF Reps.


States and Great Britain of the 19th of April, 1850. unfortunate countrymen who from time to time and fifty-six thousand five hundred and forty-seven Accordingly, a proposition for the same purposes, sufier shipwreck on the coasts of the eastern seas dollars and forty-nine cents, ($2,456,547 49,) and addressed to the two Governments in that quarter, are entitled to protection. Besides these specific the surplus in ihe Trensury will continue to be and to the Mosquito Indians, was agreed to in objects, the general prosperity of our States on the applied to that object, whenever the stock can be April last by the Secretary of State and the Minis Pacific requires that an attempt should be made to procured within the limits, as to price, authorized ter of her Britannic Majesty. Besides the wish to open the opposite regions of Asia to a mutually | by law. aid in reconciling the differences of the two Re- || beneficial intercourse. It is obvious that this The value of foreign merchandise imported publics, I engaged in the negotiation from a desire attempi could be made by no Power to so great || during the last fiscal year was two hundred and io place the great work of a ship-canal between the advantage as by the United States, whose consti seven millions two hundred and forty thousand one two oceans under one jurisdiction, and to establish tutional system excludes every idea of distant col hundred and one dollars, ($207,240,101;) and the the important port of San Juan de Nicaragua un onial dependencies. I have accordingly been led value of domestic productions exported was one der the government of a civilized Power. The to order an appropriate naval force to Japan, under hundred and forty-nine millions eight hundred proposition in question was assented to by Costa the command of a discreet and intelligent officer of and sixty-one thousand nine hundrell and eleven Rica and the Mosquito Indians. It has not proved the highest rank known to our service. He is || dollars, ($149,861,911,) besides seventeen millions equally acceptable to Nicaragua; but it is to be instructed to endeavor to obtain from the Gov two hundred and four thousand and twenty-six hoped that the further negotiations on the subject ernment of that country some relaxation of the dollars ($17,204,026) of foreign merchandise exwhich are in train will be carried on in that spirit | inhospitable and anti-social system which it has || ported; making the aggregate of the entire ex ports of conciliation and compromise which ought always pursued for about two centuries. He has been one hundred and sixty-seven millions sixty-five to prevail on such occasions, and that they will directed particularly to remonstrate, in the strong.

thousand nine hundred and thirty-seven dollars, lead to a satisfactory result.

est language, against the cruel treatment to which | ($167,065,937;) exclusive of the above there was I have the satisfaction to inform you that the our shipwrecked mariners have often been sub- exported forty-two millions five hundred and sevExecutive Government of Venezuela has acknowl- ljected, and to insist that they shall be treated with en thousand iwo hundred and eighty-five dollars edged some claims of citizens of the United States, humanity. He is instrucied, however, at the ($42,507,285) in specie; and imported from forwhich have for many years past been urged by our same time, to give that Government the amplest eign ports five millions two hundred and sixtyChargé d'Affaires at Caraccas. It is hoped that assurances that the objects of the United States are two thousand six hundred and forty-three dollars, the same sense of justice will actuate the Congress such, and such only, as I have indicated, and that ($5,262,643.) of that Republic in providing the means for their the expedition is friendly and peaceful. Notwith In my first annual message to Congress I called payment.

standing the jealousy with which the Governments | your attention to what seemed to me some defects The recent revolution in Buenos Ayres and the of Eastern Asia regard all overtures from foreign in the present tariff, and recommended such modConfederated States having opened the prospect of I am not without hopes of a beneficial result ifications as in my judgment were best adapted to an improved state of things in that quarter, the of the expedition. Should it be crowned with suc remedy its evils and promote the prosperity of the Governments of Great Britain and France deter cess, the advantages will not be confined to the country., Nothing has since occurred to change mined to negotiate with the Chief of the new Con United States, but, as in the case of China, will be my views on this important question. federacy for the free access of their commerce to equally enjoyed by all the other maritime Powers. Without repeating the arguments contained in the extensive countries watered by the tributaries I have much satisfaction in stating that in all the my former message, in favor of discriminating, of the La Plata; and they gave a friendly notice steps preparatory to this expedition, the Govern- || protective duties, I deem it my duty to call your of this purpose to the United States, that we might, ment of the United States has been materially aided attention to one or two other considerations affectif we thought proper, pursue the same course. In by the good offices of the King of the Netherlands, | ing this subject. The first is, the effect of largo compliance with this invitation, our Minister at the only European Power having any commercial | importations of foreign goods upon our currency. Rio Janeiro and our Chargé d'Affaires at Buenos relations with Japan.

Most of the gold of California, as fast as it is Ayres have been fully authorized to conclude trea In passing from this survey of our foreign rela coined, finds its way directly to Europe, in payties with the newly-organized Confederation, or tions, I invite the attention of Congress to the ment for goods purchased. In the second place, the States composing it. The delays which have condition of that department of the Government as our manufaciuring establishments are broken taken place in the formation of the new Govern to which this branch of the public business is in- | down by competition with foreigners, the capital ment have as yet prevented the execution of those trusted. Our intercourse with foreign Powers has invested in them is lost, thousands of honest and instructions; but there is every reason to hope of late y ears greatly increased, both in conse industrious citizens are thrown out of employment, that these vast countries will be eventually opened | quence of our own growth and the introduction and the farmer to that extent is deprived of a home to our commerce.

of many new States into the family of nations. market for the sale of his surplus produce. In A treaty of commerce has been concluded be- | In this way the Department of State has become the third place, the destruction of our manufactween the United States and the Oriental Republic overburdened. It has, by the recent establish tures leaves the foreigner without competition in of Uruguay, which will be laid before the Senate. ment of the Department of the Interior, been re our market, and he consequently raises the price Should this convention go into operation, it will lieved of some portion of the domestic business. of the article sent here for sale, as is now seen in open to the commercial enterprise of our citizens a | If the residue of the business of that kind, such the increased cost of iron imported from England. country of great extent and unsurpassed in nalu as the distribution of Congressional documents, | The prosperity and wealth of every nation must ral resources, but from which foreign nations have the keeping, publishing, and distribution of the depend upon its productive industry. The farmer hitherto been almost wholly excluded.

laws of the United States, the execution of the is stimulated to exertion by finding a ready marThe correspondence of the late Secretary of copyright law, the subject of reprieves and par- ket for his surplus products, and benefited by being State with the Peruvian Chargé d'Affaires relative | dons, and some other subjects relating to interior able to exchange them, without loss of time or exto the Lobos Islands was communicated to Con- || administration, should be transferred from the pense of transportation, for the manufactures which gress toward the close of the last session. Since Department of State, it would unquestionably be | his comfort or convenience requires. This is althat time, on further investigation of the subject, for the benefit of the public service. I would ways done to the best advantage where a portion the doubts which had been entertained of the title also suggest that the building appropriated to the of the community in which he lives engaged in of Peru to those Islands have been removed; and State Department is not fire-proof; that there is Other pursuits. But most manufactures require I have deemed it just that the temporary wrong

reason to think there are defects in its construc an amount of capital, and a practical skill, which which had been unintentionally done her, from tion, and that the archives of the Government in cannot be commanded, unless they be protected want of information, should be repaired by an charge of the Department, with the precious col for a time from ruinous competition from abroad. unreserved acknowledgment of her sovereignty. lections of the manuscript papers of Washington, Hence the necessity of laying those duties upon

I have the satisfaction to inform you that the Jefferson, Hamilton, Madison, and Monroe, are imported goods which the Constitution authorizes course pursued by Peru has been creditable to the exposed to destruction by fire. A similar remark for revenue, in such a manner as to protect and liberality of her Government. Before it was known may be made of the buildings appropriated to the encourage the labor of our own citizens. Duties, by her that her title would be acknowledged at War and Navy Departments.

however, should not be fixed at a rate so high as Washington, her Minister of Foreign Affairs had The condition of the Treasury is exhibited in to exclude the foreign article, but should be so authorized our Chargé d'Affaires at Lima to an the annual report from that Department.

graduated as to enable the domestic manufacturer nounce to the American vessels which had gone The cash receipts into the Treasury for the fiscal fairly to compete with the foreigner in our own to the Lobos for guano, that the Peruvian Gov year ending the 30th June last, exclusive of trust markets; and by this competition to reduce the ernment was willing to freight them on its own funds, were forty-nine millions seven hundred and price of the manufactured article to the consumer

This intention has been carried into twenty-eightthousand three hundred and eighty-six to the lowest rate at which it can be produced. effect by the Peruvian Minister here, by an ar dollars and eighty-nine cents, ($49,728,386 89,) | This policy would place the mechanic by the side rangement which is believed to be advantageous and the expenditures for the sume period, likewise of the farmer, create a mutual interchange of their to the parties in interest.

exclusive of trust funds, were forty-six millions respective commodities, and thus stimulate the Our settlements on the shores of the Pacific have seven thousand eight hundred and ninety-six dol- | industry of the whole country, and render us inalready given a great extension, and in some re lars and twenty cents, ($46,007.896 20;) of which dependent of foreign nations for the supplies respects a new direction, to our commerce in that || nine millions four hundred and fifty-five thousand quired by the habits or necessities of the people. ocean. A direct and rapidly-increasing intercourse eight hundred and fifteen dollars and eighty-three Another question, wholly independent of prohas sprung up with Eastern Asia. The waters of cents ($9,455,815 83) was on account of the prin- | tection, presents itself; and that is, whether the the Northern Pacific, even into the Arctic sea, cipal and interest the public debt, including the duties levied should be upon the value of the article have of late years been frequented by our whale- | last installment of the indemnity to Mexico, under at the place of shipment, or, where it is practica

The application of steam to the general the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, leaving a balance i ble, a specific duty, graduated according to quanpurposes of navigation is becoming daily more of $14,632,136 37 in ihe Treasury on the first day tity, as ascertained by weight or measure. All our common, and makes it desirable to obtain fuel and of July last. Since this latter period, further pur duties are at present ad valorem. A certain per other necessary supplies at convenient points on the chases of the principal of the public debt have been centage is levied on the price of the goods at the route between Asia and our Pacific shores. Our made to the extent of two millions four hundred port of shipment in a foreign country. Most com



320 Cong..... 20 Sess.

Message of the President.


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mercial nations have found it indispensable, for the ished object of the Government, and it is one to point agreed on by the Commissioners as “ the purpose of preventing fraud and perjury, to make which my attention has been steadily directed. point where it strikes the southern boundary of the duties specific whenever the article is of such a Admonished by past experience of the difficulty New Mexico" to a point one hundred and thirtyuniform value in weight or measure as to justify and cost of the attempt to remove them by mili- | five miles below Eagle Pass, which is about two such a duty. Legislation should never encourage lary force, resort has been had to conciliatory thirds of the distance along the course of the river dishonesty, or crime. It is impossible that the rev measures. By the invitation of the Commissioner to its mouth. enue officers at the port where the goods are en of Indian Affairs several of the principal chiefs The appropriation which was made at the last tered and the duties paid, should know with cer recently visited Washington, and whilst here ac session of Congress for the continuation of the tainty what they cost in the foreign country. Yet knowledged, in writing, the obligation of their tribe survey is subject to the following proviso: the law requires that they should levy the duty ac to remove with the least possible delay. Late Prorided, That no part of this appropriation cording to such cost. They are therefore com advices from the special agent of the Government • shall be used or expended until it shall be made pelled to resort to very unsatisfactory evidence to represent that they adhere to their promise, and ' satisfactorily to appear to the President of the ascertain what that cost was. They take the in- that a council of their people has been called to • United States that the southern boundary of New voice of the importer, attested by his oath, as the make their preliminary arrangements. A general Mexico is not established by the commissioner best evidence of which the nature of the case ad- emigration may therefore be confidently expected and surveyor of the United States further north mits. But every one must see that the invoice at an early day.

of the town called • Paso' than the same is laid may be fabricated, and the oath by which it is The report from the General Land Office shows 'down in Disturnell's map, which is added to the supported false, by reason of which the dishonest increased activity in its operations. The survey

treaty." importer pays a part only of the duties which are of the northern boundary of lowa has been com My attention was drawn to this subject by a paid by the honest one, and thus indirectly re pleted with unexampled dispatch. Within the last report from the Department of the Interior, which ceives from the Treasury of the United States a year 9,822,953 acres of public land have been sur reviewed all the facts of the case, and submitted reward for his fraud and perjury. The reports of veyed, and 5,032,463 acres brought into market. for my decision the question whether, under existthe Secretary of the Treasury, heretofore made on In the last fiscal year there were

ing circumstances, any part of the appropriation this subject, show conclusively that these frauds sold...

1,553,071 acres. could be lawfully used or expended for the further have been practiced to a great extent. The tend Located with bounty land war

prosecution of the work. After a careful considency is to destroy that high moral character for rants..


eration of the subject, I came to the conclusion that which our merchants have long been distinguished; || Located with other certificates.. 115,682

it could not, and so informed the head of that weto defraud the Government of its revenue; lo break

partment. Orders were immediately issued by him down the honest importer by a dishonest compe- Making a total of....

4,870,067 io the commissioner and surveyor to make no furtition; and, finally, io transfer the business of im In addition, there were

ther requisitions on the Department, as they could portation to foreign and irresponsible agents, to the Reported under swamp land

not be paid, and to discontinue all operations on great detriment of our own citizens. I therefore



the southern line of New Mexico. But as the again most earnestly recommend the adoption of For internal improvements, rail

Department had no exact information as to the specific duties, wherever it is practicable, or a home roads, &c. ...

3,025,920 amount of provisions and money which remained valuation, to prevent these frauds.

unexpended in the hands of the commissioner and I would also again call your attention to the || Making an aggregate of.......13,115,175 surveyor, it was lest discretionary with them to fact that the present tariff in some cases imposes a Being an increase in the amount of lands sold continue the survey down the Rio Grande as far higher duty upon the raw material imported, than and located under land warrants of 569,220 acres as the means at their disposal would enable them, upon the article manufactured from it; the conse over the previous year.

or at once to disband the Commission. A special quence of which is, that the duty operates to the The whole amount thus sold, located under land messenger has since arrived from the officer in encouragement of the foreigner and the discour warrants, reported under swamp land grants, and charge of the survey on the river, with information agement of our own citizens.

selected for internal improvements, exceeds that that the funds subject to his control were exhaustFor full and detailed information in regard to of the previous year by 3,342,372.acres; and cheed, and that the officers and others employed in the the general condition of our Indian affairs, I re sales would, without doubt, have been much larger service were destitute alike of the means of prosespecifully refer you to the report of the Secretary but for the extensive reservations for railroads in cuting the work and of returning to their homes. of the Interior and the accompanying documents. Missouri, Mississippi, and Alabama.

The object of the proviso was doubtless to arrest The Senate not having thought proper to ratify For the quarter ending 30th September, 1852, the survey of the southern and western lines of the treaties which had been negotiated with the there were sold......

243,255 acres. New Mexico, in regard to which different opinions tribes of Indians in California and Oregon, our re Located with bounty land warrants 1,387,116 have been expressed; for it is hardly to be supposed lations with them have been left in a very unsatis Located with other certificates... 15,649 that there could be any objection to that part of factory condition.

Reported under swamp land grants 2,485,233 the line which extends along the channel of the In other parts of our territory particular districts

Rio Grande. But the terms of the law are so of country have been set apart for the exclusive Making an aggregate for the quar

broad as to forbid the use of any part of the money occupation of the Indians, and their right to the ter of..

..4,131,253 for the prosecution of the work, or even for the lands within those limits has been acknowledged Much the larger portion of the labor of arrang payment, to the officers and agents, of the arrearand respected. But in California and Oregon there ing and classifying the returns of the last census ages of pay which are justly due to them. has been no recognition by the Government of the has been finished, and it will now devolve upon I earnesily invite your prompt attention to this exclusive right of the Indians to any part of the Congress to make the necessary, provision for the subject, and recommend a modification of the country. They are therefore mere tenants at publication of the results in such form as shall be terms of the proviso, so as to enable the DepartBufferance, and liable to be driven from place to deemed best. The apportionment of representa ment to use as much of the appropriation as will place, at the pleasure of the whites.

tion, on the basis of the new census, has been be necessary to discharge the existing obligations The treaties which have been rejected proposed | made by the Secretary of the Interior, in conform of the Government, and to complete the survey of to remedy this evil by allotting to the differentity with the provisions of law relating to that the Rio Grande to its mouth. tribes districts of country suitable to their habits subject, and the recent elections have been made It will also be proper to make further provision of life, and sufficient for their support. This pro- || in accordance with it.

by law for the fulfillment of our treaty with Mexvision, more than any other, it is believed, led to I commend to your favorable regard the sugges- ico, for running and marking the residue of the their rejection; and as no substitute for it has been tion contained in the report of the Secretary of boundary line between the two countries. adopted by Congress, it has not been deemed ad the Interior, that provision be made by law for the Permit me to invite your particular attention to visable to attempt to enter into new treaties of a publication and distribution, periodically, of an the interests of the District of Columbia, which permanent character, although no effort has been analytical digest of all the patents which have are confided by the Constitution to your peculiar spared by temporary arrangements to preserve been, or may hereafter be, granted for useful infriendly relations with them.

ventions and discoveries, with such descriptions Among the measures which seem to me of the If it be the desire of Congress to remove them and illustrations as may be necessary to present || greatest importance to its prosperity, are the infrom the country altogether, or to assign to them an intelligible view of their nature and operation. | iroduction of a copious supply of water into the particular districts more remote from the settle The cost of such publication could easily be de- city of Washington, and the construction of suitments of the whites, it will be proper to set apart frayed out of the patent fund; and I am per able bridges across the Potomac, to replace those by law the territory which they are to occupy, and suaded that it could be applied to no object more which were destroyed by high water in the early to provide the means necessary for removing them acceptable to inventors, and beneficial to ihe public part of the present year. to it. Justice alike to our own citizens and to the at large.

At the last session of Congress an appropriaIndians requires the prompt action of Congress on An appropriation of $100,000 having been made tion was made to defray the cost of the surveys this subject.

at the last session for ihe purchase of a suitable necessary for determining the best means of af. The amendments proposed by the Senate, to site, and for the erection, furnishing, and fitting fording an unfailing supply of good and wholethe treaties which were negotiated with the Sioux up of an Asylum for the Insane of the District of some water. Some progress has been made in Indians of Minnesota, have been submitted to the Columbia, and of the Army and Navy of the the survey, and as soon as it is completed the tribes who were parties to them, and have re United States, the proper measures have been result will be laid before you. ceived their assent. A large tract of valuable ter adopted to carry this beneficent purpose into effect. Further appropriations will also be necessary ritory has thus been opened for settlement and By the latest advices from the Mexican Bound- for grading and paving the strects and avenues, cultivation, and all danger of collision with these ary Commission, it appears that the survey of the and inclosing and embellishing the public grounds powerful and warlike bands has been happily re river Gila, from its confluence with the Colorado within the city of Washington. moved.

to its supposed intersection with the western line I commend all these objects, together with the The removal of the remnant of the tribe of Sem of New Mexico, has been completed. The survey I charitable institutions of the District, to your fainole Indians from Florida has long been a cher of the Rio Grande has also been finished from the l) vorable regard.


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