Jerome of Prague and the Foundations of the Hussite Movement
Oxford University Press, 01.06.2016
The life and work of Jerome of Prague have been overlooked outside Czech historiography, but represent an important chapter in the understanding of late medieval European history. Thomas A. Fudge makes a case for the central importance of Jerome, peer of Jan Hus, by reconstructing his biography using the original Latin and Czech sources and drawing significantly upon German, French, English, and Czech scholarship. The book traces the development of Jerome's life, paying special attention to the controversies he caused at the universities of Paris, Cologne, Heidelberg, Vienna, and Prague. Of particular note are the two heresy trials in which he was a defendant (Vienna 1410-12 and Constance 1415-16). Fudge situates Jerome within the philosophical conflicts of the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries. He argues that Jerome is not only an important component in the intellectual history of the Middle Ages, and a leading personality in the church's war on heresy, but is also an essential influence on the development of the Hussite movement in Bohemia. As the Italian humanist Poggio Bracciolini remarked, after hearing Jerome speak at the Council of Constance in 1416, "this was a man to remember." Jerome of Prague and the Foundations of the Hussite Movement brings to life a little known but indisputably significant figure of the late Middle Ages.
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Jerome as a Wyclifite Thinker
The Fugitive and the Establishment
Heresy and Intrigue in Vienna
Attacking Medieval Religious Practice
Trial at the Council of Constance
The Battle for Conscience
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accused Acta alleged appeared Archbishop Zbyněk argued bishop Bohemia burned canon cardinals Christ Christian church Cologne cols condemned controversial Council of Constance Czech d’Ailly death declared defendant dílo Jeronýma Dinkelsbühl disputation divine Ideas doctrinales doctrine Documenta ecclesiastical errors Eucharist evidence excommunication Fillastre František Šmahel Fudge German Gerson Hardt Heidelberg heresy heretics Hieronymus von Prag holy Hus and Jerome Hus’s Hussite Hussite Chronicle Hussite movement iconoclasm intellectual Jakoubek Jan Hus Jean Gerson Jerome of Prague Jerome’s Jiří Johannes John Wyclif Kaluza king Klicman Knín Konstanzer Konstanzer Konzils Kraków Kutná Hora late medieval later letter Magistri Mansi Master Jerome Matěj Mikuláš Mladoňovice noted Novotný Páleč papal Paris Pavlíček philosophical Poggio pope preached priests prison Pulka Quaestio Quodlibet recantation reference reform religious practice scholars sermon Sigismund Šmahel/Silagi stake Stříbro testimony theology trial of Jerome truth University Václav Vienna Vrie witnesses Wyclifite Život a dílo