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SERM.

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Name of Immánuel, here given him, which is, being interpreted, faith St. Mattheco, God with us.

From hence then it is evident that the Birth of the Messiah was to be miraculous and divine, that he was to be conceived and born of a pure Virgin. And this Jeremiah fome Time after again confirms in those Words, The Lord hatb created a new Thing upon the Earth, a Woman shall compass a Man, Jer. xxxi. 22. The creating a Woman from Man only had been before, bụt the bringing a Man from Woman, was what God had never before done; and therefore it is here called a new Thing; and this new Thing is therefore called a Creation, because it was wrought in a Woman only.

And now though one would think here were Marks sufficient to distinguish the Christ, whenever he should appear; yet at last to complete and close the whole, God is graciously pleased to foretel almost the very Year he should be born in, that fo none but those who were wilfully blind should help observing it.

Seventy Weeks from the building of the City is determined by Daniel, c. ix. 24,&c. to end the Jewish Policy, which according to the Jewish Cutom of reckoning seven Years to a

Week,

Week, amount to 490 Years, within which ser m.

I. w Time it was so evidently and peremptorily determined, that Meffah Mould be cut off, but not for bimself, that Nehemiah*, a Hebrew Teacher who lived about the End of that Time, openly declared that the Appearance of the Messiah, fignified by Daniel, could not be deferred above

50

Years. And, as if this Revelation was not sufficiently clear ; Haggai ch. ii, 6, 7, 9. joins his. Teftimony about 12 Years af. terwards, by assuring them that the Appearance of the Meshab should be during the Time that the second Temple stood, the Glory of which should for that Reason be greater than the Glory of the former, For thus faith the Lord of Hofts, yet once, it is a little while; and I will make the Heavens, and the Earth, and the Sea, and the dry Land; and I will make all Nations, and the Defire of all Nations shall come, and I will fill this House with Glory, faith the Lord of Hosts.---The Glory of this latter House shall be greater than of the former, faith the Lords of Hots. Now it is certain that the outward Pomp and Magnificence of the second Temple was nothing equal to that of the first : For we are told that the old Men who saw the first Temple, * Grot. de Veritat. 1. 5. §. 14. C 2

wept

SERM. wept to fee this fo můch inferior, Ezra il 12,

13. And the Prophet Haggai in this Chapter infers as much, by asking that Queftion in the third Verse, Who is left among you that faw this House in ber firft Glory? and how do you see it now? is it not in your Eyes in Comparifon as nothing? And besides the Difference in the Grandeur, the learned Jews obferve that five Things of great Importance, which added much to the Dignity of the former Temple, were wanted in the latter *, as viz. The holy Fire sent down from Heaven to confume the Burnt Offering; The Shecbinah, or Glory that appeared between the Cheru. bim; The Spirit of Prophecy with which those that were called to that Office were enduėd; The Presence of the Ark, from whence God gave his Answers by an audible Voice, and wherein were contained the two Tables of the Covenant, the Pot of Manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the Urim and Thummim, by which the High Priest was miraculously instructed in the Will of God: To which may

be added the Want also and Loss of the Holy Oil, which was made by Moses for the anointing and consecrating of the King, the High Priest and the Sacred Consule Prideaux, Vol. I. p. 145. and p. 159. ad 161. 8o.

Vessels

Vessels made Use of in the House of God. SERM.

I. So that all these Preheminencies being loft, there remains no other Account to be given, why the Glory of the second Temple should exceed that of the former, unless we ex, pound it by the coming of him into it, in whom all those Signs of the divine Glory were far more eminently contained; as Malachi, the last of the Prophets, again foretold above 100 Years afterwards ; Mal, iii. I. The Lord (faith he) whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to bis Temple ; even the Messenger of the Covenant, whom ye delight in ; behold, be shall come, saith the Lord of Hofts. The Characters here given of the Person that is to come, cannot possibly be applied to any other than the Meffab, and therefore since it from hence again appears, that he was to be born during the standing of the second Temple, it must necessarily follow that he was to come before that Temple was destroyed.

And thus I have shewn that the coming of the Meffiab was foretold and signified in the plaineft Manner that could be expected or devised; we have seen who were to be his Progenitors, where he was to be born, in what Manner he was to be conceived, and

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SERM. the very Time and Year almost of his com

ing, and all this before Christ or Christians were known in the World. It remains therefore now that I examine, whether these Circumstances foretold so long before, do really agree in our Jesus, i.e. in Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of Fosepb.

But this must be the Subject of an entire Discourse, I shall therefore at present only draw an Inference from what has been said and so conclude.

The Inference from this exact Completion of these Prophecies in the Person of our Lord, will better follow from a subsequent Discourse, where that Completion will be Thewn: At present give me Leave only to point out to you the Goodness of God to the Patriarchs and Fathers of the Old Testament, in revealing and foretelling this Salvation to them. Since without this Revelation, and Renewal of it too, in the several Ages of this World, the Hopes of Mankind must entirely have sunk, together with their Innocence, and the Sentence denounced upon them in Consequence of the Fall have driven them to Despair. To convey to them new Hopes therefore, and to encourage them to go on with the Practice of Religion, no sooner had our first Parents

disobeyed

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