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ral, used also in the nominative and objective cases. Myownself, thyownself, hisownself, and herownself, with their plurals, are sometimes used; but seldom with elegance.

Whatever, whichever, whatsoever, and whichsoever, particularly the two first, are frequently used as compound relatives, demonstratives, or indefinites. The phrases each other, and one another (contracted from one and another) may be taken together or separate:

Respecting in each other's case,

The gifts of nature and of grace.-Cowper.

Folded in one another's arms they lay.-Old bal.

In the first instance, it may be they, each respecting, &c. Each, having reference to two or more taken singly, may be in apposition with they. In the latter, it may be Folded, one in the other's arms they lay.

There are many adjectives, especially in poetry, used as substantives, and most commonly in the plural number, with the article the; as, the rich, the poor, the good, the bad; and sometimes participles; as, the learned, the honored.

The adjectives superior, inferior, exterior, ulterior, anterior, major, minor, prior, are in the comparative degree, derived immediately from the Latin. There are also the superlative supreme and extreme.

More has a particular usage; "May more than Ciceronian eloquence be heard in our Senate;" i. e. more powerful eloquence, &c. "And more than madnesя hurried down his sun;" i. c. an act worse than mad ness, &c.




There are some peculiarities in the verb, "I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon "-I would more willingly be, &c. "I had as lief not be, as live to be in fear of such a thing as I am"-I would as willing not be, &c.

"All pay themselves the compliment to think," &c. The infinitive here supplies the place of the gerundial phrase of thinking, or else of a substantive in apposition with compliment. There are also several neuter verbs, which take an active sense when followed by the adverbs away, out and down. "And sing away my breath;" "And look away my grief;" "She looked him out of countenance;" and also the sea-phrase, to run her down, and many others.

Of the participle. Notwithstanding is used both as a conjunction and preposition. In the latter sense, however, it may be more properly considered a participle. "I will pursue my journey, notwithstanding the danger of being taken by the enemy.” Here, danger may be in the nominative absolute with notwithstanding. It is an idiom derived from the Latin, hoc non obstant Being taken is a participial noun, having a passive signification, and governed in the objective case by the preposition of.

“While Caractacus was leading through the streets of Rome." Was leading, in the active form, here has a passive signification. "Regulus wished to be appointed a successor," i. e. wished that a successor might be appointed to him. Here the objective case is improperly put after a passive verb. This usage is, never

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