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That, vice may merit, 'tis the price of toil;
But grant him riches, your demand is o'er ? No-shall the good want health, the good want power?
Add health and power, and every earthly thing, "Why bounded power? why private? why no king?"
Nay, why external for internal given?
Why is not man a god, and earth a heaven?' Who ask and reason thus, will scarce conceive God gives enough, while he has more to give; Immense the power, immense were the demand; Say, at what part of nature will they stand?
What nothing earthly gives, or can destroy, The soul's calm sun-shine, and the heart-felt joy, Is virtue's prize: A better would you fix? Then give humility a coach and six, Justice a conqueror's sword, or truth a gown, Or public spirit its great cure, a crown.
160. Why is his power bounded? Why is it private power? Why is he no king?
163. They who ask and reason thus, will scarce conceive, &c.
165. If the power were immense, the demand would be immense.
Weak, foolish man! will Heaven reward us there
Expect thy dog, thy bottle, and thy wife;
O fool! to think God hates the worthy mind,
Whose life is healthful, and whose conscience
Because he wants a thousand pounds a-year
Honor and shame from no condition rise;
178-180. Expect thy dog, &c., as well as dream. Dream may be put in the inf. mood, after as well as, allowing expect to be in the imp.-or, using it in the poten tial, dream may be connected with it in the same mood. As toys and empires are-as is a relative pro. in the nom. case after are.
181. These are rewards.
189. To think is in the inf. absolute.
192. Because he [possesses not] a thousand pounds a year.
Act well your part, there all the honor lies. Fortune in men has some small difference made, One flaunts in rags, one flutters in brocade; The cobbler apron'd, and the parson gown'd, The friar hooded, and the monarch crown'd. "What differ more," you cry, "than crown and cowl!"
I'll tell you, friend! a wise man and a fool.
Stuck o'er with titles, and hung round with strings, 205
That thou may'st be by kings, or whores of kings,
In quiet flow from Lucrece to Lucrece :
201-203. You'll find it, &c., that worth makes, &c. 205-208. That thou mayest be stuck o'er with titles and hung round with strings, by kings, or by whores of kings, boast, &c.; in quiet flow, &c. Flow is here a noun. It may be further observed concerning the expressions, stuck o'er and hung round, that when a prep. or any participle is annexed to a verb, in order to carry out the sense, they may be considered as forming a complex verb. Lucrece was the seat of a very ancient and honorable family in France, and is here introduced to signify nobility of long standing.
Has crept through scoundrels ever since the flood,
Nor own your fathers have been fools so long.
Look next on greatness; say,
"Where but among the heroes and the wise?"
Not one looks backward, onward still he goes,
"Tis phrase absurd to call a villain great; 230
216. Not all the blood of all the Howards can ennoble them.
220. Macedonia's madman-Alexander the Great; the Swede-Charles XII., king of Sweden.
221. The whole strange purpose of their lives, is to find an enemy, or to make an enemy of all mankind.
226. All are sly, slow things, &c.
228. Not because themselves are wise, b because others are weak.
230. To call a villain great is an absurd phrase.
Who wickedly is wise, or madly brave,
What's fame? a fancied life in others' breath, A thing beyond us, ev'n before our death.
Just what you hear, you have; and what's unknown,
The same, my lord, if Tully's, or your own.
All that we feel of it begins and ends
In the small circle of our foes or friends;
To all beside as much an empty shade,
An Eugene living, as a Cæsar dead;
Alike or when, or where they shone, or shine,
232. He, who wickedly is wise, &c., is, &c.
233-236. Let him, who obtains noble ends by noble means, or who failing smiles in exile, or in chains, reign like good Aurelius, or bleed like Socrates, for that man is great indeed.
243-246. To all beside their foes and friends, an Eugene living is as much an empty shade, as a Cæsar dead is. When Julius Cæsar had marched his army to the banks of the river Rubicon, which the Romans had always considered as "the sacred boundary of their domestic empire," a struggle arose between his patriotism and his ambition, and he said to one of his generals, "If I pass this river, what miseries shall I bring upon my country! and if I now stop short, I am undone." Here his ambition triumphed, and plunging into the river, he sought the dominion of the world. Eugene, prince of Savoy, was celebrated in the