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19 And the young man deferred 27 The sons of Jacob came upon not to do the thing, because he the slain, and spoiled the city, had delight in Jacob's daughter: because they had detiled their and he was more honourable than sister. all the house of his father.
28 They took their sheep, and 20 I And Hamor and Shechem their oxen, and their asses, and his son came unto the gate' of - that which was in the city, and their city, and communed with that which was in the field. the men of their city, saying, ; 29 And all their wealth, and all
21 These men are peaceable their little ones, and their wives with us, therefore let them dwell took they captive, and spoiled in the land, and trade therein; even all that was in the house. for the land, behold, it is large : 30 And Jacob said to Simeon enough for them: let us take and Levi, Ye have troubled me, their daughters to us for wives, to make me to stink among the and let us give them our daughters. inhabitants of the land, amongst
22 Only herein will the men the Canaanites, and the Perizzites: consent unto us, for to dwell with and I being few in number, they us, to be one people, if every male shall gather themselves together among us be circumcised, as they against me, and slay me, and I are circumcised.
shall be destroyed, I and my house. 23 Shall not their cattle, and 31 And they said, Should he their substance, and every beast deal with our sister, as with an of theirs 'be' ours? only let us harlot ? consent unto them, and they will dwell with us. .
CHAP. XXXV. 24 And unto Hamor and unto 1 God sendeth Jacob to Beth-el. Shechem his son hearkened all 2 He purgeth his house of idols, that went out of the gate of his 6 and buildeth an altar at Beth-el. city: and every male was circumcised, all that went out of the AND God said unto Jacob, gate of his city..
· Arise, go up to Beth-el, and dwell 25 | And it came to pass on there : and make there an altar the third day when they were sore; unto God, that appeared unto thee that two of the sons of Jacob, when thou fleddest from the face Simeon and Levi Dinah's brethren, of Esau thy brother.' took each man his sword, and 2 Then Jacob said unto his came upon the city boldly, and · household, and to all that were slew all the males. :
with him, Put away the strange 26 And they slew Hamor and gods that are among you, and be Shechem his son with the edge of clean, and change your garments: the sword, and took Dinah out of 3 And let us arise, and go up Shechem's house, and went out to Beth-el; and I will make there
not perform the covenant by removing all idol worship from among them, as may be perceived by the words of Jacob, chap. XXXy. verse 2, “Put away the strange god's that are among you.” And which they had found among the spoil; they therefore slew them: and it was in order to cleanse Jacob's sons from the idols, that Jacob was ordered by God to go to Beth-el, and dwell there before he built the altar, chap. XXXV. verse 1. 1: may be farther observed, that Dinah' continued in the house of Shechem, and that after they had circumcised themselves, they repented, for fear that their idolatrous neighbours might attack them, on account of the change in their religion, and had therefore come to the resolution of assembling themselves (as soon as well) in order to fall upon and slay Jacob's family ; and which Dinah happily, over-hearing, she immediately, by one of her maidens, informed her father and brethren of their danger, and which kindled the anger of Simeon and Levi to so great a degree, as to induce them to slay them all
בֶּן־חֲמוֹר : 19 וְלֹא־אֵחַר הַנַּעַר לַעֲשׂוֹת הַדָּבָר כִּי חָפַץ בְּבַת־יַעֲקֹב וְהוּא נִכְבָּד מִכּל בֵּית אָבִיו : 20 וַיָּבֹא
חֲמָוֹר וּשְׁכֶם בְּנוֹ אֶל־שַׁעַר עִירֶס וַיְדַבְּרָוּ אֶל־אַנְשֵׁי עִירָם . לֵאמֹר : 21 הָאֲנָשִׁים הָאֵלֶה שְׁלֵמִים הֵם אִתָּנוּ וְיִשְׁבוּ
בָאָרֶץ וְיִסְחֲרוּ אֹתָהּ וְהָאָרֶץ הִנֵּה רַחֲבַת־יָדַיִם לִפְנֵיהֶם אֶת־בְּנֹתָם נְקַח־לָנוּ לְנָשִׁים וְאֶת־בְּנֹתֵינוּ נִתֵּן לָהֶם: 22 אַךְ־בְּזאת יִשְׂתוּ לָנוּ הָאֲנָשִׁים לָשֶׁבֶת אִתָּנוּ לִהְיוֹת
לְעָם אֶחָד בְּהֵמוֹל לָנוּ כָּל־זָכָר כַּאֲשֶׁר הֵם נִמִּלִים: - 23 מִקְנֵהֶם וְקִנְיָנָם וְכָל־בְּהֶמְתָּם הֲלוֹא לָנָוּ הֵם אַךְ
מֵאִוֹתָה לָהֶם וְיֵשְׁבוּ אִתָּנוּ : 24 וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ אֶל־־חֲמוֹר וְאֶל־שְׁכֶם בְּנוֹ כָּל־יִצְאֵי שַׁעַר עִירוֹ וַיִּמָּלוּ כָל־זָכָר כָּל־ יִצְאֵי שַׁעַר עִירְוֹ : 25 וַיְהִי בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי בִּהְיוֹתָם כְּאֵבִים וַיִּקְחוּ שְׁנֵי־בְנֵי־יעקב שִׁמְעוֹן וְלַי אֲחִי דִינָה אִישׁ חַרְבּוֹ וַיָּבִאוּ עַל־־הָעִיר בֶּטַח וַיַּהַרְגוּ כָּל־־זָכָר : 26 וְאֶת־חֲמוֹר וְאֶת־שְׁכֶם בְּנוֹ הָרְגוּ לְפִי־חָרֶב וַיִּקְחְוּ אֶת־דִינָה מִבֵּית שְׁכֶם וַיצאו: 27 בְּנֵי יַעֲקֹב בָּאוּ עַל הַחֲלָלִים וַיָּבזוּ הָעִיר אֲשֶׁר טִמְאוּ אֲחוֹתָם: 28 אֶת־ צאנָם וְאֶת־בְּקָרָם וְאֶת־חֲמְרֵיהֶם וְאֵת אֲשֶׁר־בָּעֶיר וְאֶת־אֲשֶׁר בַּשָּׂדֶה לָקְחוּ : 29 וְאֶת־כָּל־חֵילָם וְאֶת־ כָּל־טַפָּם וְאֶת־נְשֵׁיהֶם שָׁבִוּ וַיִּבְזוּ וְאֵת כָּל־אֲשֶׁר בַּבָּיִת: 30 וַיֹּאמֶר יַעֲקב אֶל־רְשִׁמְעוֹן וְאֶל־־לֵוִי עֲכַרְתֶּם אֹתִי לְהַבְאִישֵׁנִי בִּישֶׁב הָאָרֶץ בַּכְּנַעֲנִי וּבַפְּרִי וַאֲנִי מְתִי מִסְפָּר וְנֶאֶסְפְוּ עָלַי וְהִכּוּנִי וְנִשְׁמַדְתִּי אֲנִי וּבֵיתִי : 31 וַיֹּאמְרוּ הַכְזוֹנָה יַעֲשֶׂה אֶת־אֲחוֹתֵנוּ : פ י לה וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים אֶל־יַעֲקב קֶוּם עֲלֶה בֵית־אֵל וְשֶׁב־
שָׁם יַעֲשֶׂה־שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לָאֵל הַנִּרְאֶה אֵלֶיךָ בְּכָרְחֲךָ מִפְּנֵי עֵשָׂו אָחִיךְ : 2 וַיֹּאמֶר עֲקב אֶל־בֵּיתוֹ וְאֶל כָּל־אֲשֶׁר עַמּוֹ הָסְרוּ אֶת־אֱלֹהֵי הַנֵּכָר אֲשֶׁר בְּתִכְכֶם וְהִטהֲרֹוֹ וְהַחֲלִיפוּ שִׂמְלֹהֵיכֶם: 8 וְנָקְוּמָה וְנַעֲלֶה בֵּית־אֵן
20 Anda pieces of father,
Dinah the danko Jacob, fatke me find gras
tent, at the hand of the children Shechem longeth for your daughof Hamor Shechem's father, for ter: I pray you give her him to an hundred pieces of money. wife.
20 And he erected there an. 9 And make ye marriages with altar, and called it El-elohe-Israel. us, and give your daughters unto
CHAP. XXXIV. . us, and take our daughters unto 1 Dinah ravished. 20 The Shechem- you.
ites are circumcised, 25 sluin by 10 And ye shall dwell with us: the sons of Jacob, 27 and their and the land shall be before you; city spoiled.
dwell and trade you therein, and
get you possessions therein. AND Dinah the daughter of 11 And Shechem said unto her Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, father, and unto her brethren, went out to see the daughters of Let me find grace in your eyes, the land.
and what ye shall say unto me I 2 And when Shechem the son will give. of Hamor the Hivite, prince of 12 Ask me never so much dowry the country, saw her, he took and gift, and I will give according her, and lay with her, and defiled as ye shall say unto me: but give her. *
me the damsel to wife. 3 And his soul clave unto Dinah 13 And the sons of Jacobanswerthe daughter of Jacob, and he ed Shechem and Hamor his father loved the damsel, and spake kindly deceitfully, and said, (because he unto the damsel. s
had defiled Dinah their sister. It) 4 And Shechem spake unto his 14 And they said unto them, father Hamor, saying, Get me this We cannot do this thing, to give damsel to wife.
our sister to one that is uncircum5 And Jacob heard that he had cised : for that were a reproach defiled Dinah his daughter, (now unto us. his sons were with his cattle in 5 But in this will we consent the field :) and Jacob held his unto you: If ye will be as we be, peace, until they were come. that every male of you be circum.6 | And Hamor the father of cised; Shechem went out unto Jacob to 16 Then will we give our daughcommune with him. :
ters unto you, and we will take 7 And the sons of Jacob came your daughters to us, and we will out of the field, when they heard dwell with you, and we will become it, and the men were grieved, and one people. they were very wroth: because 17 But if ye will not hearken he had wrought folly in Israel, unto us to be circumcised; then in lying with Jacob's daughter; will we take our daughter, and which thing ought not to be done. I · we will be gone.
8 And Hamor communed with 18 And their words pleased Hathem, saying, The soul of my son mor, and Shechem Hamor's son. * Heb. Humbled her, or afflicted her.
Heb. To the heart of the camsel, The Canaanites, or inhabitants of the land, did not account it a crime, as being accustomed to it: as we find in Levit. chap. xvii. verse 27. “ For all chese abominations have the men of the land done,” &c. So that the crime was, that the folly was wrought in Israel.
If It appears strange that as Shechem had spoke to Jacob, the sons should answer him, and not leave it to their father. But Nachmanides observes, that as they had received so great an affront, it was proper that they whose youthful blood flowed in their veins, and were best able to avenge the cause should answer him.
A q It may at first vieir seem extraordinary that the sons of Jacob should have slain them, and so be guilty of murder. But when it is considered, that the compact was on the express condition of their becoming one people, as may be seen, verse 15, and 16, i. e, of one religion; and as they did