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a word in my lord's ears, and let shall bring down my grey hairs not thine anger burn against thy with sorrow to the grave." servant: for thou art even 'as • 30 Now therefore when I come Pharaoh. : : : : . to thy servant my father, and the

19 My lord asked his servants, lad be not with us : (seeing that his saying, Have ye a father, or a life is bound up in the lad's life) brother ? * '.iasi ir

31 It shall come to pass, when 20 And we said unto my lord, hie seeth that the lad is not with We have a father, an old man, us, that he will die : and thy and a child of his old age, a-little servants shall bring down the grey one: and his brother is dead, and hairs of thy servant our father he alone is left of his mother, and with sorrow to the grave. .. his father loveth him. ..

*32 For thy servant became 21 And thousafdst unto thy surety for the lad unto my father, t servants, Bring him down unto me, saying, If I bring him not unto that I may set mine eyes upon him. thee, then I shall bear the blame

22 And we said unto my lord, to my father for ever. ' ". :: The iad cannot leave his father': - 33 Now therefore, I pray thee, for if he should leave his father, let thy servant abide instead of the his father would die. *E ros lad, a bondman to my lord ; and

23 And thou saidst unto thy let the lad go up with his brethren. servants, Except your youngest 34 For how shall I go up to my brother come down with you, you father, and the lad be not with shall see my face no more

me? lést peradventure I see the 24 And it came to pass, when evil that shall come on my father. we came up unto thy servant my

CHAP. XLV. father, we told him the words of ] Joseph maketh himself known to my lord, ..

his brethren. 9 He sendeth for 25 And our father said, Go his father, 25 who is revived at again, and buy us a little food, to the news.

26 And we said, We cannot gomon down: if our youngest brother be ; HEN Joseph could not refrain with us, then will we go down;' himself before all them that stood for we may not see the man's face, by him; and he cried, Cause every except our youngest brother be man to go out from me: and there with us. ill

... ? stood no man by him, while Joseph 27 And thy servant my father made himself known unto his said unto us, Ye know that my brethren. .* • ** wife bare me two sons.

.. 2 And he wept aloud : T and 28 And the one went out from the Egyptians and the house of · me, and I said, Surely he is torn Pharaoh heard, in pieces"; and I saw him not since. 3 And: Joseph said unto his

29 And if ye take this also from brethren; I am Joseph : Doth my me, and mischief befal him, yè father yet, live? and his brethren

• Hence, says Judah, it is clear that you originally intended to find a caŭse of contention with us; for what occasion had you to enquire after our family, we came to buy corn and not to form a family alliance with you. Jarchi,

It is the opinion of Jarchi, that Benjamin's death is here ineant : for he observes, that as his mother died on a journey, they dreaded for him also. But the learned Abárbanel observes that it alludes to their father if he should leave his father, his father would die. This 'explanation perfectly coincides with verse 29. “And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befal him, ye shall bring “ down my grey bairs with sorrow to the grave."

And this is the only reason that I am concerned for his safety, for as he was delivered into my care, it is proper that I should be particularly anxious for his return.

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דָבָר בְּאָזְנֵי אֲדֹנִי וְאַל־יִחַר אַפְּךָ בְּעַבְדֵךְ כִּי כָמִיךְ כְּפַרְעָה : 19 אֲדֹנִי שָׁאַל אֶת-עֲבָדָיו לֵאמֹר הֲיֵשׁ־לָכֶם אָב אוֹ־אָח : 20 ונאמֶר אֶל־אֲדֹנִי יֶשׁ־לָנוּ אָב זָקֵן וְילד זִקְנֵים קָטָן וְאָחִיו מֵת וַיִּנְתַר הָוּא לְבַדּוֹ לְאִמּוֹ וְאָבִיו אֲהֵבוֹ : 21 וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־עֲבָדֶיךְ הוֹרְדְהוּ אֵלָי וְאָשִׁימָה עֵינֵי עָלֵיי : 22 וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־אֲדֹנִי לֹא־יוּכַל הַנַּעַר לַעֲזָב אֶת־־אָבִיו וְעָזַב אֶת־־אָבִיו וָמֵת : 23 וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־ עֲבָדֶיךְ אִם־לֹא יֵרֶד אֲחִיכֶם הַקָטָן אִתְּכֶם לֹא הִסְפוּן לִרְאוֹת פָּנָי: 24 וַיְהִי כִּי עָלִינוּ אֶל־עַבְדְּךָ אָבִי וַבֹּגֶד לוֹ אֵת דִּבְרֵי אֲדֹנִי : 25 וַיֹּאמֶר אָבִינוּ שָׁבוּ שִׁבְרוּ לָנוּ מְעַט־אֹכֶל : 25 וַנֹאמֶר לֹא נוּכַל לֶרֶדֶת אִם־יִשׁ אָחִינוּ הַקָטָן אִתָּנוּ וְיָרַדְנוּ כִּי־לֹא נוּכַל לִרְאוֹת פְּנֵי הָאִישׁ וְאָחִינוּ הַקְטִן אֵינֶנָּוּ אִתָּנוּ : 27 וַיֹּאמֶר עַבְדְּךָ אָבִי אֵלֵינוּ אַתֶּם יְדַעְתֶּם כִּי שְׁנַיִם יָלְדָה־לִי אִשְׁתִּי: 28 ויצא הָאֶחָד מֵאִתִּי וָאֹמַר אַךְ טָרֹף טֶרֶף וְלֹא רְאִיתִיו עד־הֵנָּה : 29 וּלְקַחְתֶּם גַּם־אֶת־זֶה מֵעִם פָנַי וְקָרָהוּ אָסְוֹן וְהוֹרַדְתֶּם אֶת־שֵׁיבָתִי בְּרָעָה שְׁאֲלָה: 30 וְעַתָּה

כְּבֹאִי אֶל־עַבְדְּךָ אָבִי וְהַנַּעַר אֵינֶנּוּ אִתָּנוּ וְנַפְשׁוֹ קְשׁוּרָה שני בְנַפְשׁוֹ : 31 וְהָיָה כִּרְאוֹתוֹ כִּי־אֵין הַנַּעַר וָמַת וְהוֹרִידוּ

עֲבָדֶיךְ אֶת־שִׂיבַת עַבְדְּךָ אָבִינוּ בְּיָגוֹן שְׁאֲלָה: 32 כִּי עַבְדְּךָ עָרֵב אֶת־הַנַּעַר מֵעָם אָבִי לֵאמֹר אִם־לֹא אֲבִיאֵנוּ אֵלִיךְ וְחָטָאתִי לְאָבִי כָּל־הַיָּמִים : 33 וְעַתָּה יִשֶׁב־נָא עַבְדְּךָ תַּחַת הַנַּעַר עֶבֶר לַאדֹנִי וְהַנַּעַר וְעַל עַם־אֶחָיו:

34 כִּי־אֵיךְ אֶעֶלֶה אֶל־אָבִי וְהַנַּעַר אֵינֶנּוּ אִתִּי פֶּן אֶרְאֶה מה בָלָע אֲשֶׁר יִמְצָא אֶת־־אָבִי : וְלֹא־יָכל יוֹסֵף

לְהִתְאַפֵּק לְכָל הַנִּצָּבִים עָלָיו וַיִּקְרָא הוֹצִיאוּ כָל־אִישׁ מֵעָלָי וְלֹא־עָמַד אִישׁ אִתּוֹ בְּהִתְוַדָּע יוֹסֵף אֶל־אֶחָיו : 2 וַיִּתֵּן אֶת־־קלו בִּבְכִי וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ מִצְרַיִם וַיִּשְׁמַע בֵּית פַרְעה : 3 וַיֹּאמֶר חֶסֶף אֶל־אֶחָיו אֲנִי יוֹסֵף הַעוֹר אָבִי

man as I canye not, that ye have

hold quity God hathat we shali

light, the men were sent away, 11 Then they speedily took down they and their asses.

every man his sack to the ground, 4 And when they were gone out and opened every man his sack. of the city, and not yet far off, 12 And he searched, and began Joseph said unto his steward, Up, at the eldest, and left at the youngfollow after the men; and when est: and the cup was found in thou dost overtake them, say unto Benjamin's sack. them, Wherefore have yerewarded 13 Then they rent their clothes, evil for good ?

and laded every man his ass, and 5 Is not this it, in which my returned to the city. . lord drinketh ; and whereby indeed 14 | And Judah and his brethren he divineth ? * ye have done evil in came to Joseph's house (for he so doing.

was yet there) and they fell before 6 | And he overtook then, and him on the ground. he spake unto them these same 15 And Joseph said unto them, words.

What deed is this that ye have 7 And they said unto him, Where- done? wot ye not, that such a fore saith my lord these words ? man as I can certainly divine ? God forbid that thy servants should 16 And Judah said, I What shall do according to this thing.

we say unto my lord ? what shall 8 Behold, the money which we we speak ? or how shall we clear found in our sacks mouths, we ourselves ? God hath found out brought again unto thee § out of the iniquity of thy servants ; ** the land of Canaan: how then behold we are my lord's servants, should we steal out of thy lord's both we, and he also with whom house silver or gold ?

the cup is found. 9 With whom soever of thy 17 And he said, God forbid servants it be found, both let him that I should do so : but the man die, and we also will be my lord's in whose hand the cup is found, bond-men.

he shall be my servant; and as for 10 And he said, Now also let it you, get you up in peace unto be according unto your words : I your father. he with whom it is found shall be 18 4 Then Judah came near my servant; and ye shall be unto him, and said, Oh, my lord, blameless.

let thy servant, I pray thee, speak This might also be rendered, and whereby he certainly would try you ; meaning, “ wħether you are honest or not :” as the same verb is rendered, in chap. xxx. ver. 27, "I have learned by experience.”

☆ Hence, it is not probable, that we who restored that, which it was in our power to keep, anil withal had so great an opportunity to conceal without any danger, or fear of detection, should steal what was likely to be discovered, attended with so much shame and hazard to ourselves. This as Jarchi observes, is 913 09913780 7131777 Sp JIVYO INK

For says he, it is no more than just that ye all should suffer, as being equally guilty, on account of your connexion. But no, I will moderate the condition which you propose.

1 Thus he exempted the innocent, (as they were presumed to be,) and exchanged the deserved uffered death of the guilty into slavery.

Judah had persuaded his father, though very reluctant, to send Benjamin with him ; besides which, he was as Josephus imagines, of a hold, enterprising, warm, and sanguine disposition; and being hurried by his natural impetuosity, undertook to plead the common cause of his father, his brother Benjamin, and the rest of his brethren. Note, I do not know by what account Dr. Wright guesses Benjamin to be about twenty-four years old. He must have spoken at random ; for, he was born in the way when Jacob came from Laban, as appears from chap. xxxv. ver. 9, and chap. xlviii. ver. 7. So that he was not above six or seven years less than Josepb, and in course, at that time, he must have been about thirty-two or thirty-three years old. .

** We have here a fine picture of their firm belief in a Divine providence, for they observed, that although they were not guiliy of this fact, yet were they guilty of many other sins, for which God was then punishing them, and to whose providence (say they) we therefore submit, and are ready to become thy bond servants together.

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