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theirs the Laws !" They have all the grave | indeed, compelled the Americans to be and reverend Seniors. All the gowns and come manufacturers, but they also sent all the wigs. They have both Univer. them out hands to assist them. Such has sities and all these learned bodies called been the progress of manufactures there, Societies and Institutions. We have for that, as I am informed, a considerable us nothing at all but our own plain seases. quantity of cotton and woollen yarn has And, we shall see, therefore, in the event already been exported to Europe. Peras to the paper money, in what degree they haps not less than 30 or 40 thousand are our superior.

Merino sheep bave been introduced into

the American States. Under these cirAMERICAN STATES. -In another part cumstances it would be madness for any of this Number, will be found a Letter one to suppose, that the American governfrom Mr. PINCKNEY 10 LOND WELLESLEY | ment did not fail with joy the fair preupon the subject of the Orders in Council. tence for passing a new Act of non-impor

- It is, I think, impossible to deny, {tation of inglish goods; and, especially that, through the whole of this letter, Mr. when we reflect, that the persons now in PINCKNEY is unanswerable. The Berlin power in America have always been opand Milan Decrees were revoked, and, ac- posed by the English merchants and their cording to our promise, we should have adherents in the United States. Some revoked the Orders in Council.-----But, of our newspapers give extracts from those while this is decidedly my opinion, far be of America, exclaiming bitterly against it from me to regret the consequences of our the non-importation Act, and also against von compliance. I mean the Acts which the rejection of the Bunk Charter. But, have been passed in America, to prevent they lake these extracts from prints wholly any importation from England, and which devoted to the English Merchants. if I look upon as greatly favourable to the they were to quote from prints of the real interests of both countries. The other side, they would convey to their former interruptions to intercourse were readers quite a different view of the matter, productive of much good ; but this will, -The fact is, that the Bank of the United i hope, put an end to the unnatural de Stutes was little else than an English conpendence upon each other, which was so It was little else than a branch of mischievous to England as well as to Ame- her ladyship in Threadneedle-street. She rica.-The truth is, that it is, and long is, indeed, ihe only original Bank in the has been, the policy of those statesmen, who whole world. All the others, no matter have now the predominance in America, where they be, are, more or less, her offto wean that country from this. The close spring, and are, more or less, dependent connection between them they looked upon her. The Bank in America was a upon, and very justly, as tending to dis- powerful instrument in the hands of the turb the peace of America, because it kept English merchants and their party. alive a party hostile to the very nature of Therefore it is no wonder at all that their the Social Contract. To see their country prints cry out against its being put a stop. liable, at any time, to be plunged into dis- to: No wonder that, in the language of tress, unless it submitted to the will of Sir John SINCLAIR, they call this measure another nation, was what they could not “NATIONALSUICIDE.” Thestraw-pen endure. Experience has convinced them Baronet says, that “ to cause any material that America cap dispense with European

diminution of that mine of national prosmanufactures ; and, therefore it is, that perity (Bank Notes), would be a species they now assume a tone of more indiffer- “ of POLITICAL SUICIDE, altogether ence than upon any former occasion. “ unpardonable.” - It is very curious to Mr. PINCKNEY's Letter contains, in the observe the similarity in the language. very lone of it, a proof of the indifference But, it seems that the American Congress of the American government as to any do not see any thing of the nature of a accommodation with ours. Those who mine in the paper of their Bank, though, have been anticipating, that the non-im-observe, thai paper was payable in specie at portation Act would not pass, do not ap. the will of the holder, and not, like ours, pear to bave perceived how much the cir- payable in other bits of paper. They saw no curpstances of America are altered of late mine in it except a mine for subverting the years. The former suspensions of trade morals and the liberties of the people. with us, have produced effects never to be They appear not to have had the smallest done away. They not only disposed, and notion ulzhe ellicacy of bank notes in caus


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ing an increase of corn and meat and mighty internal resources and in casting off wool. They appear not to have any no at once all dependence upon external tion of the force of bank notes in causing commerce. If I ani asked, how the tares sunshine and showers and pulverizing are to be raised. without external comfrosts. Bedlam does not appear to bave merce, and how, if the taxes fall off, the extended its philosophy so effectually interest of the national debt is to be paid; I to that country yet, notwithstanding the answer, that these are no affairs of mine ; crowds of English merchants there set. that my anxiety extends no forther than tled.---The Americans are a cool, sensi- the preservation of England and Scotland ble, observing race of men. They have, and Ireland, one independent country, intoo, had ample experience on the subject of habited by a free and happy people; but, paper-money ; and it is no wonder, espe- that, I beg to observe, that, if ibė tares and cially when they cast their eyes this way, the fundholders' interest depend upon exthat they resolve to tolerate nothing of the ternal commerce, there is a strong proba. kind of a national Benk, out of which they bility that they will both suffer a great dimust be sure, that a national debt, would minution. soon grow, and, what a national debt produces they well know from our sad ex PORTUGUESE GRANT OF MONEY.The ample. War and taration are as necessary

House of Commons has had laid before it to a funding system as blood and bone are a Letter from the Viscount Talavera, dated necessary to the human body; and, in in October last, upon the subject of yieldtime, war and taxation produce what we ing relief to those persons in Portugal, now see and feel.--Our prints would who have suffered from the operations of fain persuade us, that these Acts against the war. Upon the report in this Letter, importation and against the bank, in Ame. it would seem, that the grant of 100,0001., rica, are the work of a mere faction; that to these sufferers has been made, after a they have been passed for selfish pur- Message to that intent from his Royal poses ; and that they are disapproved of by Highness, the Prince Regent.---But, by the people. But, why should we believe a reference to the letter, the reader will this? If, indeed, the Congress were not perceive, that his Excellency the Lord chosen by the people; if none but here Marshall does not suggest the necessity, and there a knoi of bribed miscreants had nor, indeed, the propriety, of parliamentary the privilege of voting for Congressmen; relief, but of relief from the charitable disif these laiter were themselves a set of position of the good people of this country, base jobbers ; if the President, or his Se- whose usual benevolence he takes this cretary, in one way or another, could, opportunity most aptly to extol; and, through the means of these sham Repre- having determined upon the propriety of sentatives and Senators, buy and sell the the thing, he, without seeming to enterpeople like cattle at a fair; if, in short, tain any doubts as to its practicability, ihe Congress of America, were, like the leaves Lord LIVERPOOL nothing to do but Corps Legislatif, a set of purchased, per “ to consider of the mode of recommending jured, knaves, intermixed with a due pro “the Portuguese to the charitable dispoportion of fools and cowards; if this were "sition of his Majesty's subjects." -ihe case, then, indeed, there might be Now, why was not this plan pursued ? It some reason for treating their decisions as' certainly would have been preferable to a the result of some villainous bargain, in parliamentary grant; because it would have which their own immediate profit was up- attorded those who love the Portuguese permost, or as the effect of an uniform desire and their cause a fair opportunity of to support a system, through the means of evincing it; while, on the other hand, it which the people were oppressed and rob- would have left no room for grumbling bed with impunity. But, being really chosen amongst those who may think that Porby the people, and chosen annually too, they ugal has already cost us a great deal tou must be supposed to speak the wish of the much, and that, in spite of all appearances, people, whether that wish be wise or foolish. or, rather, reports, to defend a people, ex

It seems to me, that this state of things cept in the character of auxiliary, is imbetween England and America is fortunate possible. I approve of the Lord MARfor both countries, but more particularly 'Shall's plan; and, doubtless, those who for the former, whose only chance of sal. have always been for the war in Spain and vation lies in a speedily betaking berself Portugal, would have chearfully contrito the cultivation of ber own natural and buted towards the relief of the poor crea


tures, who have so severely suffered from lonf each. This is liberality and charity that war. --Whether the war was, on

indeed. --But I hear of no meetings. our part just or unjust, wise or foolish, is There used to be meetings for raising not here the question ; the question is money for shoes and Aannel shirts and trowwhether the poor unfortunate wretches sers and drawers, and all manner of things, who have suffered from it ought to be re in order to make our allies comfortable wbile lieved from this country, and this is a they were fighting against the French. The question, which, I think, must be decided very women and children used to subin the climative, unless, indeed, we could scribe. Lut, now, alas! all that the make liance afiord tlem relief, which poor Portuguese have got, or are likely is not very probable. ----- There can be to get, in the way of voluntary contrino doubt, liiat, if it hud not been for bution, is about 40 lines of doggeret from

the poor creatures would not have had the pen of poet Fitzgerald ; and, he betheir country ravaged in the manner that ing a pensioner, even that cannot be called they have. To be sure, what we have voluntary. This is a sad falling off' to be done, and are doing, is all for their good; sure. W:y should not those, who met but, still, they ought to be compensated for the purpose of instigating the war, subfor their losses, because, as to individuals, scribc 20 or 30 thousand pounds each ? at any rate, there is no satisfactory proof, And those, too, who Addressed the King that they invited us to their country.- upon his resolution to enter into the war. It may be said, that it is better for them to These are the men to indemnify the poor suffer loss of goods and chattels and even creatures in Portugal, who, if they had loss of life, than to let the French have the 12 or 18 guineas each given them, might government of the country in their hands ; | get on again pretty well; but, really, to that, compared to this, hanging or drown- vote the people of Portugal a shilling each ing or shooting would be nothing. This is what I could not have expected.— Let is going a good way: farther ihan our us hope, however, that we shall see meetlife-and-fortune-men would like to go, I ings held yet. Those who instigated the believe. But, let it be so, still we went to war, and who, no doubt, saw clearly the Portugal without being actually sent for by profits of it, will, let us hope, not remain the people at large, and, therefore I am deaf to the tender voice of charity, espedecidedly for their being compensated cially when the goddess speaks through for their losses and sufferings by us. But, the lips of a Wellesley. But, it is time for then, I am for the mode pointed by the Lord them to begin to meet; for, the next disMarshall. Iam for leaving the honour of patches may tellus, that the Lord Marshall relieving the Portuguese to those who were is again at his old work of drawing Massena for the war in Portugal. To them belongs after him ; and it would be very convenithe merit of making and abetting the war, enti for the Portuguese to hear of our cha. and I would by no means deprive them of ritable movements before that takes place. the pleasure of paying the expences of it. Before I guit this subject, I cannot --Not a word, however, do we hear of help reniarking how unanimous the HonMEETINGS for this purpose! Whither ourable House was as to the vote of a hunare Ncd all the choice spirits of good old dred thousand pounds to the Portuguese. full-blooded Anti-Jacobin times; No Mr. Ponsonby seconded the motion. All nieetings at the Mansion House! No was harmony. And, in the other House, meetings at Lloyds!! No Turtle Patriot the harmony was, if possible, still more meetings; Why, the very Turtle and striking; and Lord WELLESLEY, when Turbot and Venison and Wine that were he proposed the measure, talked about that swallowed upon the proclaiming of this " distinguished warrior," his brother, in war would have fetched half the money strains that really were quite moving: now granted to the poor, miserable, naked, The daily newspapers have taken their starving and laceraied wretches that it has fill of victory ; and, indeed, with some produced. What! A hundred thousand of them the two frequent effects of inordiPound ! Spirit of Voluntary Contributions, nate repletion seem to have followed. whither art thou fled! Art gone amongst The Times, which for some time seems to the worms to seek “ the great statesman have been doing penance, in the bope of now no more?” What! A hundred working out its salvation, has, upon this octhousand pounds! Why it is not above a casion, surpassed even the regular traders. shilling a head for the poor creatures. It is -It is, to be sure, shameful, to the last not enough to get them one single quartern degree, to hear boastings like those of the

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last week. Why, what is it, after all ?

OFFICIAL PAPERS, What have we gained ? Who have we

ENGLAND. beaten? What place, or what men, or what cannon have we taken? When the French Report of the Queen's Council, on the State were following our army, we said, that

of His Majesty's Health --Queen's Lodge, our General was not running away ; but

Windsor, April 6, 1811. that he was drawing the French after him. Present, the Archbishops of Canterbury Why do we not allow that the same may and York, Earl Winchelsea, Earl of Aylesnow be the case as to the enemy? What ford, Lord Eldon, Lord Ellenborough, Sic a shame! How foolish is this! What W. Grant, (the Duke of Montrose being shall we gain by it in the end? Is it not absent, on account of indisposition.) better to speak modestly and truly of such We, the Members of the Council, here things; and, especially until we know the present, appointed to assist Her Majesty t'esult of the war. It is by the result that in the execution of the trust committed the victory is known.--Besides, we to her Majesty, by virtue of the Statute always seem to forget the cost of this war. passed in the 51st year of His Majesty's We seem to forget, that the French Gene- reign, entitled, " An Act to provide for ral has maintained his army in the coun the Administration of the Royal Authotry, and that ours bas been maintained by rity, and for the care of His Majesty's the draining of England. Only consider Royal Person during the continuance of what shipping we have had attendant upon His Majesty's illness, and for the resumpthis our army, carrying it supplies of all tion of the exercise of the Royal Authority sorts, and having transports constantly at by His Majesty ;" having called before us band to bring it off, if necessary. We and examined on oath the Physicians and seem to forget this. And, then, we other persons attendant on His Majesty, maintain that all the people in Portugal and having ascertained the state of His are enemies of the French. So that they Majesty's health by such other ways and have all sorts of difficulties to encounter. means as appear to us to be necessary for They are in an enemy's country; they that purpose, do hereby declare the state have no communication with home; they of His Majesty's health, at the time of have no supplies but what they collect this our meeting, as follows :-That the upon the spot; no shipping; no external | indisposition with which Bis Majesty was resources; while we have a fleet the sea. afflicted at the time of the passing of the men of which are half as numerous as said Act does still so far exist, that His their army; and, yet they have been able Majesty is not yet restored to such a state to keep their ground, to lie in front of us, of health as to be capable of resuming the aye, and to hem us up for six months. personal exercise of his Royal Authority. But, after all, what was Massena to do, if --That His Majesty appears to have made we did not go out of our lines? If our ge- material progress towards recovery since neral resolved not to stir out, it was use the passing of the Act; and that aid. His less for the French to lie where they were. Majesty's Physicians continue to express The question of victory is to be setiled by their espectations of such recovery. the result; and as to that no man can yet (Signed) C. Cantuar', J. EBOR’, WINCHIlknow any thing. If, indeed, Spain and sea, AYLESFORD, ELDON, ELLENBOROUGH, Portugal shall be finally freed of the W. GRANT. French, completely freed, and made independent, then it may be said, that we have been victorious; but, not 'till then. ANHOLT. Letter from J. W. Maurice, come And, in the mean while, I beseech my

manding a Detachment of Marines at credulous and easily-amused countrymen

Anholt, !o Sir James Saumarez, giving to remember how many cannon-firings

an Account of the Repulse of the Danes and illuminations and what huzzaings,

from that Island.-March 27, 1811.

(Concluded from p. 928.) took place for our victories, during the American War.

I took the field with Major Torrens (who,

though wounded, insisted on accompany. WM, COBBETT.

ing me) and Lieutenant and Adjutant

Steele; but as our prisoners were so nuState Prison, Newgate, Tuesday,

merous, and as we had no place of secuApril 16, 1811.

rity in which to place them, I could only
employ on this occasion the brigade of

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howitzers under Lieutenants R. C. Steele, Master Fischer senior Subaltern, Lieuteand Busant, of the Royal Marine Artil- nant and Adjutant Steele, Lieutenants lery, and part of the Light Company com. Stewart, Gray, Ford, Jellico, Atkinson, manded by Lieutenant Turnbull. When and Curtayne, all merit my warmest ac. we arrived at the west end of the island, knowledgments for the assistance they afwe found that the enemy had formed on forded me. Lieutenant Bezant, of the the beach, and were protected by fourteen R. M. Artillery, deserves every commendgon-boats towed close to the shore. To ation I can give him for his cool and able attack such a force, with four howitzers judgment in the direction of the guns on and forty men, seeined an useless sacrifice the Massareene battery. Lieutenant Turnof brave men's lives: I therefore with the bull, who acted as Captain of the Light advice of Major Torrens halted on the Company, when we pursued the reserve, hills, while I reluctantly saw the reserve manifested such zeal and energy, that I embarked under cover of the gun-boats, have no doubt, had we brought the enemy and the flotilla take a final leave of the again to action, he would have borne a island.--I am happy to say, our loss has very conspicuous part.-) cannot sufficinot been so considerable as might have ently express my thanks to Captains been expected from so desperate an'at. Baker and Stewart of the Tartar and Sheltack, we having only two killed and thirty drake, for their great exertions to get wounded. The enemy bas suffered se round to the Flotilla ; and had the wind verely; we hare buried between thirty the least favoured them they would have and forty of their dead, and have receiv- destroyed the whole.--I am happy to add, ed in the hospital twenty-three of their that the property belonging to the merwounded, most of them have undergone chants has been fully protected without amputations, three since dead of their meeting with the least loss.-The expediwounds, besides a great number which tion sailed from the Randers, commanded they carried off the field to their boats. by Major Melsteat (an officer of great disMajor Melsteat, the commandant, fell in tinction), and consisted of the following the field; Captain Borgen, the next in corps--2d Battalion of Jutland Sharp command, wounded in the arm; Captain Shooters, 4th Battalion 2d Regiment of Prutz, Adjutant General to the Commander | Jutland Yagers, 1 st Regiment of Juiland of the forces in Jutland, lost both his legs; Infantry, with some others, the names of since dead. The most pleasing part of which cannot be ascertained.--I have the my duty is to bear testimony to the zeal, honour to inclose the article of surrender, energy, and intrepidity of the officers and a return of killed and wounded, and a list men I had the honour to command : to of Danish officers killed and taken. Also particularise would be impossible; the a return of ordnance stores taken.-I have same ardour inspired the whole. To Lieu. the honour to be, &c.-J. W. Maurice, tenant Baker, next in command, who will | Commandant. have'the honour of delivering this dis

Article of Surrender. patch, and will give you every infornia « The Commanding Ofcer of the troops tion you may require, I am much indebt of his Danish Majesty occupied in the ated; his merit and zeal as an officer, which tack of Anbolt, agrees to surrender priI have some years been acquainted with, soner of war at discretion, with all the and his volunteering with me on this ser troops, to the forces of His Britannic Ma. vice, claim my warmest esteem. Captain jesty, with the reserve that their personal Torrens, the senior officer of the Royal property shall be retained by them, and Marines, and who acted as Commandant ihat, at the convenience of the Comof the Garrison, bore a conspicuous part mander of the Island of Anholt, a cartel on this day, and although wounded, I did with unsealed letters shall be sent to not lose his valuable service and able sup. Jutland. Given at Anbolt, the 27th of port. The discipline and state of perfec. March, 1811.-BORGEN, Captain and tion to which he had brought the battalion Commander in Chief of the Danish troops is highly creditable to him as an officer. on Anholt. Lieutenant R. C. Steele, senior Officer of Royal Marine Artillery, also claims my DENMARK. – Danish account of the attack warmest acknowledgments for the arrangements he made, which enabled us to

upon Anhoult.-Copenhagen, March 31,

1811. keep up so heavy and destructive a fire. Captain Stecle, Lieutenant and Quarter. It was some time ago determined to

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