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" and oppressed; That there was a syslema- writer may as easily make us believe, "tic plan to enslave her. Language was that it is possible to persuade a man "used for the purpose of goading, and that he is hungry, when his belly is tull, «inflaming her; and was accompanied that he has been broom-sticked or flogged « by a manifesto advertising for an invasion when bis body has been untouched, that « by the enemy, and for an insurrection to he has been imprisoned, gagged, exiled * meet it. It was publicly stated that the and hanged, when he has, all the while, “ military force was small; and more been living at home, enjoying himself “ than one hint was dropped that now under his own vine and fig-iree with no “ was the time for prompt und efficacious one to make him afraid. Persuade! Why, “ measures."--This refers to a very how are you to persuade a people to beexcellent article in the MORNING CHRONI- lieve that they are suffering that wbich CLE, pointing out the dangers to which Ire- they do not feel?_Base and detestable land was exposed, and beseeching the mi as this is, however, it has not the merit of nisiers to adopt speedily measures for put- novelty. It is a mere slavish repetition of ting an end to those dangers by the means what was said, upon all occasions, by of conciliation. And this is here termed, writers of this description, during the last advertising for an indusion, and also for an
“the great statesman now no insurrection to ineet it! Impudent and ve ““ more” was in power. It succeeded; it nal varlet! So, if any man point out what was one of the means by which the dacoappears to him to be ground of apprehen- bins and Levellers were kept down. It sion, and calls upon the ministers to adopt succeeded; but, again I ask, what has been what appear to him to be the proper means the fruit of that success ? Are we any of prevention, he is to he accused of sedi sufer than we were in 1792? What could tious and treasonable designs. This is not, the Jacobins and Levellers have done, if however, the first time that this detestable they had not been kept down, to make our doctrine has been promulgated, even from situation more perilous than it now is? some authority. -Observe, too, that the What could they have done, wbich would OPPOSITION; that is to say, all those who have put more power into the hands of do not approve of the minister's measures; France ? What measures could they, with that is to say, all those who do not vote all their Corresponding Societies and Confor him; that is to say, about one half of ventions and Reforms; wbat could they the members of both Houses of Parliament; have done that would have sooner and more all these persons are, thus, in a lump, ac effectually have overturned the “regular cused of entertaining wishes to see Ireland governments” of Europe? What could invaded, and to see an insurrection of the they have done that would have, brought people ready to meet and to favour it. this country into a state more
“ unsatisAnd yet, this man does not scruple to call factory” than that of being obliged to upon the people for unanimity.---Talk of make war for bare existence; and of acadvertising, indeed! What does he adver knowledging, by the mouth of the ministise? What does he “ hint to the enemy?” ter, that we have it not in our power to He tells the enemy in so many words, ihat make peace with security; that the terall those who do not approve of the pre- mination of the war depends wholly upon sent minister's system and measures, wish the enemy and not upon us ? Whai could lo see an invasion and are ready to favour they have done that should have produced it. What would be said and done to me, as to the Bunk and to Trade worse effects or to any one else, if we were to state, that than have been produced without any of nearly one half of the members of both their doings? The success against them Houses of Parliament anxiously wished was pretty complete; but, the worst of it the enemy to come and to conquer the is, it has not been attended with success country? I beg the reader to bear this in against the enemy. And, the COURIER mind, and to reflect a little upon this mode may, perhaps, now succeed in its abominaof " preserving the country." ---But, all ble atracks upon the Morning Chronicle; this aside, what a foolish, what a beastly, but wbat will that avail?. it will not idea is it, that the people of Ireland are to make the situation of Ireland less dangerbe“ persuaded that ihere is a settled sys- ous; no, and it will not retard tbe huur “ tem for insulting and oppressing and en of invasion ; but, it may hasten it, and, " slaving them !” Just as if men were to really, I do not know any thing more nebe persuaded to believe themselves in farious than these attempts io blacken the aby state in which they are not. This characters of political adversaries at the
manifest risk, and with almost a certainty, respecting an inquiry into EX OFFICIO of adding to the dangers of the country. “ prosecutions for libels, will be read with
-I sce, that this strong measure in Ire peculiar pleasure by every man in the land has been taken up in parliament by country not vitiated in his nature Lord Moira and Lord Holland, and that by the profils of corruption. We are the ministers have disavowed any partici "glad to have occasion to relate achievepation in the orders, but have avowed their “inents by our navy, and victories by conviction of the necessity of the measure. “our armies abroad ; but their effects are
-The turn attempted to be given to “not to be estimated half so high as a the affair is, that it is merely the enforcing victory obtained over the depravity of an cristing law, and that it is nothing " and extravagance at home, which wastemore than the execution of any other well “ fully and wickedly consume the profits known law. How candid this statement “ of the industry and the fruits of the in. is all the world will easily see.
It is too “ tellect of the best portion of the inha. plain for remark; and, all we have now "bitants of the Empire. A battle gained, io do is to look quietly on, and see how “ however glorious to our arms and hothe thing works. -All that I shall add “ nourable to our reputation, for indiviis, that it appears, that His Royal High: “ dual courage, does but prolong for a NESS, the REGENT, has not had any thing to “ short time ihe existence of an injured do with the measure in question, as, indeed," and declining constitution ; but a conhe could not, seeing that the ministers quest over that perversion of principle say, that it was adopted without their which so universally prevails in the knowledge. This is very material; for it “ Stale, would give it immortality.”might be productive of the most serious Most cordially do I subscribe to these senand fatal consequences, if the people of timents, which are, at last, becoming as Ireland thought, that such a measure took | general as the air, and which must lead to place as the first act of his Royal High great good, if any thing can now bring us ness towards them.
good.----Yes, for what indeed, are the
wars and expeditions compared to this? The Press. Of the state in which What do we fight for? What is the rational the press now is nothing need be said. object of military and naval struggles? That state is very well known to the pub- OUR LIBERTIES; and, shall we, then, lic. The history of the last three years think little of those liberties themselves ! will be memorable on many accounts ; Shall we think so much of the means, and but on no account so much as on account yet forget the end? Shall we busy our of the press.---Lord HOLLAND, on Friday minds, shall we fill ourselves with care last, gave notice of a motion upon the and anxiety about the keeping out of the subject. “He stated his intention to make foc who we fear would destroy our free" a motion at an early period of the present dom; and, shall we, at the same time, be “ Sessions for an account of the number of so stupid and so base, as to think nothing “ informations filed ex officio by the At- about that freedom itself!--The people o torney General. The Bill brought in of England, strange as it may see in, know “recently by the Attorney General, and little more about INFORMATIONS EX "passed into an act, which his Lordship OFFICIO than they do of what is passing " had unsuccessfully opposed, had given in Russia, Turkey, or Algiers. They know " to such informations consequences which the name of the thing; but of the thing it"did not before belong to them by the self they know nothing at all.--Those “ law. His Lordship took this early op- who have read Magna Charta find nothing “portunity of giving his notice.”-İn there about INFORMATIONS EX OF the House of Commons, on Monday last, FICIO. Er Ojicio are two Latin words, Lord Viscount FOLKESTONE, after stating, and in this respect, amongst many others, that he had, for several days, waited in the “ Learned Languages" as they are vain to see the Attorney General in his called, is found to be of great service, place, gave a notice to the same effect ; These two words mean By Office, or, perand this important subject will now, let baps, more fully, by privilege, or in virtue, of us hope, meet with a full and fair discus- ofice.----So that, an Information Ex Officão sion. The Morning CHRONICLE, in ob is an Information laid by the Aitorney serving on the notice of Lord HOLLAND, General in virtue, or by the privilege, of says:--> Lord Holland's notice, given his Office.--Aye, but what is an infor« in the Honse of Peers on Friday last, mation !-- I requires a littlo esplanation.
When any man has committed' what is , acquitted, what then? Why, he has good called, by our laws, a crime, and he is pro- luck ; but he has all his harrass of mind, secated for it, there must be an accusation all his loss of times and all the heavy expreferred against him, and this accusation, pences of the law to sustain; for, be gets when drawn up, is called a bill of INDICT no costs, no, nor any compensation of any MENT, which indictment, before the sort.---Suppose, that, after laying the inparty accused carrbe put upon his trial, is formation, the Attorney General does not presented to a Grand Jury, who, if they choose to proceed? Why he does not choose see no cause for prosecution, throw out the it, that's all. Oh! I had like to have forbill of indictment, or, if they see cause for gotien; the party bas to sustain all his erprosecution, find the bill, as it is called; pences of preparation for trial. The At. that is to say, they carry it into the Judge, TORNEY GENERAL is not compelled, nor and tell bim, that it is a true Bill. -But, compellable, 10 bring him to trial.-I observe, that, before they can find the need say no more for the purpose of conbill true, there must be witnesses examined vincing the reader of the importance of this by the Grand Jury upon oath, the Grand subject, and to show, that, while it is Jury being also upon their oaths; and under discussion, that man must be a beast thus, in this case, in this usual course of the indeed, who looks upon any other subject law of the land, every accused person as worthy of his attention. I have here has the double security of ouths taken given merely the out-lines of this famous by those who judge of the matter al- thing called an Information Er Officio, and ledged against him and also by the wit- without any attempt or wish to give what nesses to the facts of which he is accused. I say a particular application to this or
-An INFORMATION is a thing any other time. It is the thing itself, the which supplies the place of an indictment ; power itself, that I wish to bring under the and, in all cases where individuals are the view of the public. There are many cirparties, they must be moved for in Court, cumstances belonging to it that will be affidavits, or depositions, must be produced noticed another time, and that must inin support of the motion, and the accused deed be thought worthy of all the attenparty must have time and opportunity to tion that every man is able to command. be beard by himself, or counsel, before the But, I repeat, that the man' must be a Information is received by the Judges, beast, whose mind can be occupied with and, of course, before the accused party what is going on in Spain and Portugal, can be pat upon his trial. Here again, while a subject like this is presented to his though there is no Grand Jury to stand be attention. -I rejoice, with the Morning tween the accused and the prosecutor, there Chronicle, that the matter has been taken are the oaths of credible witnesses, and, seriously up in the proper place. We which is of full as much importance as the shall now have it fully before us, and we oaths of witnesses, there is a hearing of the shall then all of us be able to judge of it. party accused, before he can be put upon - I have only one wish to express, and bis trial, and subjected to all the incon- that is, that the two Noble Lords, who venience und expence of a trial, which must have given the notices above-mentioned, always be heavy, and, sometimes, enor will not suffer themselves to be diverted mous.--But, in the case of Informutions from their purpose. All I wish to see is Ex Officio, there is no Grand Jury, no wil- a full discussion of the matter; a full disnesses, no previous hearing, no oaths, no, nor cussion. Speaking plainly; speaking out. seen any motion ta the Court ---Here ibe ATTORNEY GENERAL, without any previous MR. FINNERTY, There is, I hear, a notice whatever, accuses any man whom meeting to be held to-morrow (Wednesday, he thinks proper to accuse, and brings him February 20), at the Crown and Anchor in to trial in consequence of an Information, the Strand, when the case of this gentle.' whicb himself lays against him. All that man is to be taken into consideration, he has to do is to make out his Information, and where Sie FRANCIS BÚRDETT is to be put it upon the file, or list, of the Court, in the chair. So full, so ample, has and to send the accused party a little slip been the report of the Trial in this case, of paper, called a Subpæna, to come and such complete justice has been done to it answer to certain charges preferred against by the reports, that it would be useless to him. This is an INFORMATION EX add any thing to what is therein contained. OFFICIO.--Well, the party comes and ~~-But, as an erroneous report appears goes at once upon his trial; and, if he be to have gone forth as to the date of the
transactions in Ireland, respecting which the sanction of the Great Seal.-The Prince Mr. Finnerte's affidavits spoke, I will feels it incumbent upon him, at this precise just state, that I understand, that the most juncture, to communicate to Mr. Perceval important transactions mentioned in those bis intention not to remove from their staaffidavits are therein stated to have taken tions those whom he finds there, as his place in May and June, 1798. It is Majesty's official servants. At the same also bare justice to Mr. FINNERTY to time the Prince owes it to the truth and say a word or two about the cause of his sincerity of character, which, he trusts, being put in the Pillory in Ireland, a cir- will appear in every action of his life, in cumstance, which was brought forward whatever situation placed, explicitly to deBY THE ATTORNEY GENERAL after clare, that the irresistible impulse of filial Mr. FINNERTY had no longer an opportunity duty and affection to his beloved and afof speaking.---He was put in the Pillory flicted Father, leads him to dread that any in punishment of A LIBEL, of which, what act of the Regent might, in the smallest ever might be its nature, he was not the degree, have the effect of interfering with author, but merely the publisher.- Be the progress of his Sovereign's recovery.-sides, why was such a circumstance 10 This consideration alone dictates the deweigh against bim? Did not John Lilcision now communicated to Mr. Perceval. BURNE stand in the Pillory for a libel; that --Having thus performed an act of indissame JOHN LILBURNE, who stands immor- pensible duty, from a just sense of what is talized as one of the truest friends of free due to his own consistency and honour, dom that ever breathed, and who, in the the Prince has only to add, ihat, among the words of Sir John Maynard, had “ the many blessings to be derived from his Ma" noblest spirit that ever warmed an Eng- jesty's restoration to health, and to the perlish breast ?” Nay, was there not a man sonal exercise of his Royal Functions, it put in the pillory, ridden backward upon will not, in the Prince's estimation, be the a horse, had his cars cut off, fined, and im- least, that that most fortunate event will at prisoned ; did he not die in prison, did once rescue him from a situation of unexnot his family starve; and for what? For a ampled embarrassment, and put an end to libel in accusing Lord Chancellor Bacon a state of affairs, ill calculated, he tears, to with bribery? And was not that same Ba- sustain the interests of the United Kingcon, afterwards proved to have taken bribe dom, in this awful and perilous crisis, and npon bribe, and to be so vile and corrupt a most difficult to be reconciled to the gescoundrel as to merit being stripped of his nuine principles of the British Constitupeerage --Being put in the Pillory for tion. kibel, therefore, is not ground whereon to
MR. PERCEVAL'S ANSWER. found a man's condemnation. WM. COBBETT.
Downing-Street, February 5, 1811. Stalc Prison, Newgate, Tuesday,
Mr. Perceval presents his humble duty February 19, 1811.
to your Royal Highness, and has the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your Royal
Highness's letter of last night, which reachOFFICIAL PAPERS.
ed him this morning.-Mr. Perceval feels PRINCE OF WALES -Genuine Copies of the it his duty to express his humble thanks to
Letters that passed between his Royal High- your Royal Highness for the frankness ness the Prince Regent and Mr. Perceval, with which your Royal Highness has conon the Annunciation of his Royal High- descended, explicitly, to communicate the ness's Determinution to retain the present motives which have induced your Royal Ministers in his Service.
Highness to honour his colleagues and THE PRINCE Regent's LETTER.
him with your commands for the continu
ance of their services, in the stations enCarlton-House, February 4, 1811. trusted to them by the King. And Mr. The Prince of Wales considers the mo Perceval begs leave 10 assure your Royal ment to be arrived, which calls for his de- Highness, that, in the expression of your cision with respect to the persons to be Royal Highness's sentiments of filial and employed by him, in the administration of loyal attachment to the King, and of the Executive Government of the Country, anxiety for the speedy restoration of his according to the Powers vested in bim by Majesty's health, Mr. Perceval can see the Bill passed by the two Houses of Par. nothing but additional motives for their liament, and now on the point of receiving most anxious exertions to give satisfaction
to your Royal Highness, in the only man- | my departure from the Cape, I hoisted ner in which it can be given, by endea- flag on board the Nisus, and sailed on the vouring to promote your Royal Highness's 4th ult. in that ship for the Isle of France. views, for the security and happiness of Having made the land on the 2d inst. I the country.--Mr. Perceval has never fails proceeded to reconnoitre Port South East, ed to regret the impression of your Royal and from thence to Port Louis ; where, Highness, with regard to the provisions of having cruised 48 hours, and not falling in the Regency Bill, which bis Majesty's ser- with any ship of the blockading squadron, vants felt it to be their duty to recommend I proceeded to this anchorage for informato Parliament. But, he ventures to sub- tion of them, where I found lying his Mamit to your Royal Highness, that, what jesty's ships Boadicea, Otter, and Staunch, ever difficulties the present awful crisis of gun brig, together with his Majesty's ships the country and the world may create in Africaine and Ceylon, which had been the administration of the Executive Go- taken and recaptured from the enemy, and vernment, your Royal Highness will not the imperial French frigate La Venus, also find them in any degree increased by the captured from the enemy.--The details, temporary suspension of the exercise of copies of which, I have the honour to transthose branches of the Royal Prerogarives, mit herewith, will fully explain to their which has been introduced by Parliament, Lordships the circumstances of the occuin conformity to what was intended on a pation of the Isle de la Passe, as well as former similar occasion; and that whatever the subsequent unfortunate result of a very Ministers your Royal Highness might gallant attack made on the enemy's ships think proper to employ, would find in that in Port S. E. with the Sirius, Capt. Pym, full support and countenance which, as the Magicienne, Capt. Curtis, the Iphilong as they were honoured with your genia, Capt. Lambert, and the Nereide, Royal Highness's commands, they would Capt. Willoughby, which ended in the un. feel confident they would continue to en. avoidable destruction of the two former of joy, ample and sufficient means to enable his Majesty's ships, and the surrender to your Royal Highness effectually to main. the enemy of the Iphigenia and Nereide, tain the great and important interest of the the latter after a glorious resistance almost United Kingdom.-And Mr. Perceval unparalleled even in the brilliant annals of humbly trusts, that, whatever doubts your / the British navy.-A momentary supeRoyal Highness may entertain with re- riority thus obtained by the enemy
bas spect to the constitutional propriety of the been promptly and decisively crushed bly measures which have been adopted, your the united zeal, judgment, perseverance, Royal Highness will feel assured, that they skill, and intrepidity of Capt. Rowley, in could not have been recommended by his his Majesty's ship Boadicea, the value and Majesty's servants, nor sanctioned' by Par- importance of whose services, long conliament, but upon the sincere, though pos- spicuous and distinguished as they have sibly erroneous, conviction, that they in no been, have fully justified the selection and degree trenched upon the true principles detention of him as the senior officer conand spirit of the Constitution. Mr. Per. ducting the blockade of this station ; and ceval feels it his duty to add, that he holds who in the present instance, almost alone himself in readiness, at any moment, to and unsupported but by the never failing wait upon your Royal Highness, and 10 energies and resources of his active and in. receive any commands, with which your telligent mind, under circumstances, as Royal Highness may be graciously pleased may be easily imagined, of extremest to honour him.
anxiety, mortification, and disappoint
ment, in a few hours not only retook bis ISLE OF FRANCE. -Capture of.--Letler Majesty's ships Africaine and Ceylon, but
from ADMIRAL Bertie, 13th Oct. 1810. captured also the largest frigate possessed ---Published in England, 12th Feb. by the enemy in these seas, and has thus 1811.
restored the British naval pre-eminence in
this quarter, which his talents have long so Sir ;-Following the inteutions commu- successfully contributed to maintain.nicated by my letter addressed to you of Nor can I omit to offer the tribute so justly the 26th August, I have the bonour now lo due to the memory of the gallant Corbett, acquaint you, for the information of their of his Majesty's ship Africaine, whose Lordships, that having made the necessary meritorious eagerness to check the triumph dispositions and arrangements previous to of an exulting enemy impelled him to an