Abbildungen der Seite

ward the Royal Commission until the evi- , dividual Minister who does any particular dence of all the physicians had been given act. For any act, then, which was die that his Majesty was completely compe- rectly within the province of the Lord tent to exercise his Royal Authority. If Chancellor, the Lord Chancellor alone what he had then done was supported by was responsible; and it was upon this the opinions of all the physicians, it did ground that he had singled him out from not follow that he was now guilty of any the rest of his colleagues upon a question inconsistency in saying that whatever the of affixing the Great Seal. If ever the report of physicians might be, he would time should come when it might be not consent to dethrone his Majesty upon thought necessary to call the serious at. their report merely, if in his judgment tention of the House to the conduct of the and conscience he believed that the King Noble and Learned Lord, the House must was adequate to the discharge of his determine simply on the propriety of his Royal functions. He must be permitted conduct, and not upon the purity of bis to state, that the great man who was then intentions, or the coincidence of other at the head of the administration (Mr. people with his opinions. As to the statePitcy had afterwards expressed some sur ment of the Noble and Learned Lord prise, when he found that it had been his about his never visiting his Majesty in the fixed resolution never to see his Majesty, presence of persons under whose control at any time, when he could be considered be might be supposed to be, he would under the control of others, or before any reply, that it appeared from the evidence, persons who might be considered as exer that from the 12th of February to the 23rd cising any control over him (Hear, hear!), of April, and even so late as the 10th His interviews with his M jesty at that of June in that year, his Majesty had time were always in the absence of such been attended by Dr. Simmons and persons, and it was his firm conviction, his servant, who did exercise a control that he was warranted in the course that over the mind of his Majesty. He did not was then adopted. When he came down mean to say that this control was conto that House, on the 9th of March, 1804, stantly exerted, or that those persons were a Noble Earl called upon him to consider present when the Sovereign was visited by seriously the consequences of the proceed. ihe noble and learned lord, but there was ings going to be adopted. He then re- a knowledge in the King's mind that those plied, that he was perfectly convinced of persons were in attendance, and could be their propriety; and, however strange it brought forward to control him whenever might appear, he could take upon himself it might be judged necessary. If such to say, that his Majesty on that very day, were the circumstances of a former case, the 9th of March, 1804, knew and under he would now call upon the Peers of Eng, stood the duty that he (the Lord Chan. land to say whether the Royal authority cellor) bad to exercise, better than he did should be so usurped on the present or himself (Hear, hear!). Under such cir- any future occasion. The noble and cumstances, it was impossible for him to learned Lord seemed well aware of the have pursued any course which would efficiency of appealing to the shade of have the effect of dethroning his Majesty. Mr. Pitt; but the circumstances of the

EARL GREY, in explanation, said, that present times were totally different from he had felt it his duty to state his reasons j those of 1788. Whatever might be his for thinking the provisions in the clause original opinions of the principle of the for the resumption of the Royal authority present Bill, his wish was now to render it did not afford to the country a sufficient as unobjectionable as it was possible to do.' assurance of the restoration of his Majes.. The Lord CHANCELLOR said, that if the ty's bealth, and capability of discharging noble lord (lord Grey) thought that he bis Royal fanctions. It became his was responsible in a peculiar degree for bounden duty when he felt that the as. what had taken place in 1804, he certain surance was not sufficient, to state to the ly was right to say that such was his opiHouse why he thought so.

If he had dis- nion. But if any noble lord would say tinctly charged the Noble and Learned directly and expressly that he was reLord' (the Lord Chancellor) with the sponsible in a peculiar degree, he would, transactions of 1804, if he had selected in as strong language as could be used in him from among his colleagues, the rea a company of Gentlemen, assert that it son was that the Constitution of this coun was not true that he was responsible more try always selects for responsibility the in- than the other Members of the Admin


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

LORD King next rose, and after chargo continually sent on board the Bellone. ing the Lord Chancellor with having come -At half past ten I received a grape shot down to that House, and affixed the Great in the head, and was knocked ofi' the deck Seal to 15 Acts in his Majesty's name, in into the waste. I was taken up in a state the month of March, 1804, when it ap- of stupefaction. Captain Bouvet of the peared upon the solemn testimony of Dr. Minerve, was apprized of what had taken Heberden, that his Majesty was insane, place, and instantly went on board the moved to expunge from the list of the Bellone.-- At two o'clock an aid-de-camp Queen's Council, the name of John Lord brought intelligence that a man, who Eldon.

had escaped from the Nereide, stated This was opposed by Lord Bucking that she had struck on the preceding evenHANSHIRE and Lord WestmoRELAND, and ing. We waited for day-light to renew on a division the numbers were,

the engagement. When the sun rose an Non-Contents . 1397

Proxies included.

English jack was still flying on board the Contents i ... 54

Nereide; the Magicienne had her broadMajority .. 85 against erasing side towards us; the Syrius was a-head Lord Eldon's name.

and a-ground, and the Iphigenia was on Thus stands the matter at present. the other side of the Nereide, only able to Think of it well, reader, for this is the take a very small share in the action. A few most material point of all.

There is no shots were fired at the Nereide; and soon thing belonging to the whole subject a after her flag was pulled down. It was thousandth part so important as this. We necessary to wait until the Magicienne had now get a sight of what was going on in surrendered to take possession of her. 1801 and 1804. -I beseech the reader The boats would otherwise have been to think well of it.

too much exposed to a cross fire.-The WM, COBBETT. cannonade lasted until two o'clock, but on State Prison, Newgate, Tuesday,

our side only. The Magicienne, from January 29, 1811.

time to time, fired a few random shot, the last efforts, it would seem,' of despair,

Her boats had frequent communication OFFICIAL PAPERS.

with the other frigates, from which it was FRANCE.- Report of Capt. Duperre, com

clear that the enemy intended to abandon munding the French Maritime Force at the her.--Lieutenant Roussin was sent to take Isle of France.--10th Sept. 1810. possession of the Nereide; be found her (Concluded from p. 224.)

in a situation which it is impossible to

describe. She had 100 killed or wounded At half-past five the engagement began. on her deck; Captain Willoughby was in In a short time the cables of the Minerve the number of the latter.— In the evening and Ceylon were cut by the shot. These the Magicienne was perceived to be on fire. two vessels drifted and went on shore with We passed the night in observing the movetheir broadsides towards me. Their fire ments of the enemy, in taking precautions was consequently useless. The Bellone against being set on fire, in clearing the Newas the only vessel that presented her reide, and in getting rid of her dead...Onthe broadside to the enemy. This unexpected 25th, in the morning, our fire was directed occurrence gave him reason to expect the against the Sirius; she returned it with most signal advantage. The three frigates her bow guns, but her position rendered had their broadsides towards us. One of the contest too unequal to be supported them only had got aground forward, and long, they soon began to quit her, as they could not bring all her guns to bear upon laad the Magicienne the evening before,

In this situation the engagement con. and she was perceived to be on fire in tinued with indescribable ardour. The several places. At eleven o'clock the superiority of our fire was soon perceived. magazine blew up, and destroyed what At eight o'clock the Nereide was silenced. there was of the Sirius. On the 26th the Shortly after, the fire of the other fri. Iphigenia was towed under the Isle of ĝates sensibly diminished, and announc- la Passe. The squadron was entployed ed, that they were under some disadvan- in getting afloat; and in repairing its tage. Our fire, on the contrary, became damages. The Bellone prepared to have more vigorous, and was nourished by the herself towed in pursuit of the Iphigenia; assistance in men, cordage, and ammuni- blockaded by the winds and our vessels, Sion, which the Captain of the Minerve she remained at our mercy.- On the


27th, the French squadron which came , On the 19th November, General Habert out of Port Napoleon appeared.-On the took the position of Falset from O'Donnell's 28th, at day-break, an officer went on troops, and made 300 of them prisoners. board the Iphigenia, with a summons to On ihe 26th of the same month, General her and the fort to surrender. A nego- Musnier defeated the Valencians at Vinatiation was also opened between the ros, and took 2,500 prisoners.—So soon as Captain and the Commander of the French the army of Catalonia, on its return from squadron. - At eleven o'clock the French Barcelona, had approached the Ebro to flag was hoisted on board the fort and the co-operate in the support of the 3d corps, frigate. Captain Bouvet was sent to take. I marched towards Xerta, where my coa, possession of the latter, and the garrison lumns were formed on the 14th December was sent to the fort. All the prisoners in the evening. I ordered 12 battalions were sent to Port Imperial.--These, Ge- to pass on the 15th to the left bank. While neral, are the particulars of the complete one party carried the position of the Colvictory obtained under your eyes by the de-l'Alba, the other extended itself in a squadron I have the honour to command, half-circle, touching the Ebro both above Our loss consisted of 37 killed and 112 and below the town. The whole of the enem wounded, but most of them not danger- my were driven into it on that evening, and ously. I have the honour, &c.

the place was completely invested. From G. V. DUPERRE. that day nothing could enter or come out

of it. The artillery immediately estaSPAIN AND FRANCE.—General Count Suchet's which is 360 yards wide in this place,

blished a flying bridge over the river, Report to the Prince of Neufchutel and for the purpose of opening a communicaa Wagram, relating to the Siege and Capture tion between the two banks. The engiof TORTOSA. - Dated at Tortosa, 4th

neer officers reconnoitered the approaches : January 1811.

to the garrison; I fixed the camps, and Monseigneur.-In obedience to the or- made the necessary preparations to push ders of his Majesty, the 3d Corps of the with vigour and rapidity, the operations army of Spain proceeded towards Tortosa, of a siege which had been so long delayed. after the sieges of Lerida and Mequinenza. -On the 18th, I ordered the Commander The first division blockaded the téte-de- of the Engineers and the head of my Staff, pont on the right bank; the second ad 80 to arrangethe whole line of our advanced vanced to the frontiers of Valencia, having posts, as to drive in the enemy's parties, detached a corps towards Terruel to keep and even their centinels, which was adVilla Campa in check, and to cover Sara- mirably executed. The 117th on the gossa ; the third division was posted on right, and Harispe's division on the left, the Lower Ebro, to secure our supplies, the had already occupied the reverse of the coaveyance of our artillery, and to observe heights, before forts Tenezas and Orleans, the enemy's army in Catalonia.-General and within so and 100 toises of them. Roguiat, of the Engineers, opened a road Under cover of these dispositions, on the passable by carriages from Caspe and 19th, in the evening, the trenches were Mequinenza, through thirty leagues of begun on the height of Orleans; but the mountainous country, practicable before soil was so very hard, that it could not be only to mules and foot passengers.--Gen. raised without the assistance of explosion. Valée, of the Artillery, after waiting a long-On the night of the 21st, under cover time for the rise of the Ebro, succeeded, of a violent storm, and excessive darkness, with infinite labour, in collecting, by land 2,000 workmen opened the first parallel and water, bis besieging artillery at Xerta. in front of the bastions of St. Peter and In order that no delay might occur when St. John. The left, at the distance of 80 it was necessary for us to act, the troops toises, extended from the left bank of the employed in the blockade incessantly la- river to the foot of the height of Orleans, boured at the works preliminary to the to the length of 250 toises. At the same siege. Your Highness is acquainted from time, a trench was opened on the right bank, my former reports with what vigour they within 90 toises of the tete-de-pont, for the repulsed the sorties from the garrison in purpose of erecting batteries intended to July and August.-On the 31st October, flank the principal attack.-On the 22d, and 12th November, General Chlopicky Frere's division of the army of Catalonia de seated Villa Campa, in Arragon, taking joined the besieging army. I posted it a six guns and a company of light artillery: league below the town on the Ebro, to ob


serve the Tarragona and sea roads, detach. were wounded. On the 29th, at day. ing a battalion to watch the Col-d'Alba. break, forty-five guns, in ten batteries It was impossible to display greater upon both sides of the river, opened a fire, talents, courage, and activity, than was which in two hours acquired a decided shewn by the Engineers, both officers superiority, and soon silenced all that of and men, during the prosecution of the the front attacked. The bridge was cut works. Henry, chief of battalion, who on the same day, and on the next morncommanded the attack in the centre, car- ing was entirely broken; in consequence ried it on with remarkable activity. On of which the enemy was under the necesthe night of the 17th, even before the bat- sity of evacuating in the night the téte-deteries were established, the covered way pont, of which we took possession. On was crowned; an unexampled instance, 1 ihe 30th the castle was the only part believe, in the history of sieges. Five of the garrison from which a fire was kept up, ficers of Engineers were killed and two and on the 31st oor fire became slack, as wounded, either in the works, or in the . it was not answered. The parapets were sorties which the enemy frequently made levelled, the embrazures not in a state to to interrupų them. They came on the receive guns, and two breaches were com. night of the 17th, 230, 241h, and 26th, menced near fort Orleans.- In the mean to attack our camps, and works, in co time General Roguiat pursued his brilliant lumns of 3 or 400 men. The grenadiers and career, completed the descent and passage troops that guarded the trenches repulsed of the ditch, and began to mine the scarp them with the bayonet with great loss. of the body of the place. It was in this On the 28th, in the evening, after a vigor- state of things, that on the morniąg of the ous discharge from all the batteries of the 1st January a white flag was displayed garrison, about 2,000 men rushed upon all from the castle, and immediately upon this out points of attack, penetrated them for a signal, hostilities having every where moment on the left, and burned some ga: ceased, the ramparts were covered with a bions of the lodgement on the covered crowd of soldiers and of inhabitants. Two way, while they out-flanked in force the officers with a flag of truce made their ap. right on the height of Orleans. But Gene- pearance, and were conducted to me: ral Habert, quitting his camp with Gene- they communicated a letter from the Goral Bronikowsky and the companies of the vernor, who had authorised them to make elite of the 116th and 5th light, drove proposals to The Adjutant Coma them within the walls; and General Abbé, mandant, St. Cyr Nugués, the Chief of my who commanded in the trenches, with staff, carried my answer to the town with Colonel La Fosse, of the 44th, advanced the basis of a capitulation. He found in against them over the trenches with crossed the Governor a weak man, surrounded by bayonets, overwhelined and killed a great two or three Chiefs, who divided the au number of them, and took several pri.thority between them, and who demanded soners. The ardour of the infantry could that they should be sent to Tarragona only be exceeded by the perseverance upon their immediate surrender, or offered with which they worked. The artillery, to surrender conditionally in 15 days if on their part, had surmounted excessive not relieved before the expiration of ibat: and continually increasing difficulties in time: following up my instructions, he re. conveying the besieging artillery to the jected every thing different from what was left bank. The navigation of the river contained in my answer, and desired them changed every day, and was extremely no longer to display the white flag if it difficult. The erection of the batteries was not merely and simply to capitulate. was briskly opposed by a tremendous fire Upon his return the soldiers received the from the garrison, which crushed every news with joy, and with loud cries dething, particularly on the right bank. manded the assault; I promised it to them The battery, No. 1, within 50 toises of on the folowing day. The fire of bombs Fort Orleans, was erected in open day, and howitzers recommenced in the night and completely exposed, under cover of a on the town and castle; the miners .convigorous and continual fire of musketry tinued their labours. On the morning of aimed at the enemy's embrasures.-Gene- the 2d a new battery in breach, raised ral Valée, the officers and men, displayed with extraordinary rapidity in the coveran indefatigable zeal. The soldiers of the ed-way against the counterscarp of the train acted as cannoniers ; a Captain of ditch, was battering at the distance of 15 the artillery, and a Lieutenant of the train, toises; the breach was hourly enlarged


Three white flags were displayed at once; SPAIN AND FRANCE.- Report of M. RoI ordered the firing to be every where re

GUIAT, commanding the Engineers at the doubled. At 2 o'clock everything was

Siege of Tortosa.--4th Jan. 1811..To ready for the assault; I ordered a brigade

the Prince of Wagram. of General Haríspe to be under arms in the great line of the trenches, and formed I have the honour to transmit to your in column the select companies of the Highness the Journal of the Siege of Tortosa. guards of the trenches, to mount the Your Highness will see from it, that, in breach.-Flags of truce made their ap- 13 days after opening the trenches we pearance a-new, but I forbad -any one to have reduced a very strong fortress, debe received, except for the purpose of de- fended by a garrison of 9,000 men, and livering to our grenadiers, as the first pre- 177 pieces of cannon. The enemy deliminary, a gate of the town. They fended himself to the last extremity; the hesitated; I advanced, followed by some covered way was crowned without the aid Generals and other Officers, and I ordered of artillery on the 7th night of the trenches the draw-bridges to be let down. The being opened ; the ditch was passed and soldiers obeyed me; I entered ; I made the miners set to work on the 12th night: them lay down their arms; I reproached circumstances never before exemplified in the Officers and the Governor for their any siege.--The engineers have served conduct the evening before. The forts, with enthusiasm. I have had five killed, undetermined and surprised, adopted the and a greater number wounded, all expart of submission. I ordered the grena. cellent officers. The General in Chief, diers to enter, and at four in the afternoon Count Suchet, solicits rewards for the offia garrison of 3,000 men defiled as pri- cers and corps of engineers. I have to soners of war, deposited nine colours, of beg your Highness to give them your fa. which one was presented by King George vourable attention, in order that his Mato the town of Tortosa, and immediately jesty may deign to grant those rewards, took the road to Saragossa, under a strong which they have merited at the expence escort.-After 18 days of siege, 13 of of their blood, and by their zeal for the trenches opened, and five of cannonade, Emperor. we are thus masters of the fortress of Torlosa, which delivers into the power of the SPAIN AND FRANCE.-State of the Prench Emperor 177 pieces of artillery, 30,000 balls or bombs, 1,400,000 cartridges,

Arinies in Spain ; and Account of their 9,000 maskets, &c. I have the honour to

proceedings.-Paris, 19 Jar. 18115 transmit to your Highness the different in

I. ventories, with a view and plan of the Siege of Cadiz.—The Duke of Belluno, town and of the attacks, the journal of the desirous of having the whole of his flotilla siege, and the documents furnished by the united in the canal of the Trocadero, where. Chiefs, which make the force of the garri. would only be between 5 and 600 toises son, including the hospitals, amount to from the isthmus which joins Cadiz to the 9,000 men, of whom 392 are officers; in continent, had already caused the flotilla that number is a battalion of artillery of to be conveyed from San Lucar as far as the marine, which was two years at Brest; Rota and Port St. Mary's. Several glo. and the officers of which have declared to rious actions had been sustained by this me, that snatched by the fate of arms flouilla, but the most difficult remained to from the anarchy which desolates their be undertaken. It was necessary to pass. country, they all form the wish of com- within 300 toises of the fort of Puntales, bating the English, whom they regard as which is upon the isthmus of Cadiz, and its true authors.--Our loss during the surrounded by a numerous groupe of siege amounted to 400 men, and that of floating batteries and the enemy's gunthe enemy to 1,200. Your Highness will boats. It was, therefore, to be feared that consider it trifling when you learn that the the French flotilla would suffer consifortress fired 25,000 rounds of cannon, and derably in attempting to double Point we 15,000.-I cannot close this relation, Matagorda. The Duke of Belluno, thereMonsiegneur, without repeating to your fore, resolved to convey it by land from Highness how much I have had reason to the river San Pedro to the Trocadero. be satisfied with the distinguished conduct The flotilla wag dragged across this space of the Generals of engineers and artillery, 1 of 500 toises upon rollers, to the great Roguiat and Valée.

satisfaction of the army. By the 11th of

« ZurückWeiter »