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VOL. XIX. No. 49.)
LONDON, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19, 1811.
substance.of what was said in answer to SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
the Corresponding Society. Their opPARLIAMENTARY REFORM. The ponents reasoned syllogistically thus : 1:1 Meeting, lately held at the Freemason's i The revolutionists in France began by * Tavern, was, let us hope, the beginning calling for, reform: you now call for de of a series of efforis, which will end in “ reform: the revolutionists in France 2 the accomplishment of this grand object. have ended with the destruction of all
- The nation has witnessed several " law and property ; therefore, you struggles made before; especially those “ would end with the destruction of all
of the FRIENDS OF THE PEOPLE and of the “ law and property; and for that reason you Lepo Corresponding Society. The former of these " must be stified in time.” i gave up, being unable to withstand the acts, as Mr. Fox said, and such acts as I to torrent of abuse that was poured out need not name, were committed upon this
against it; and the latter was stifled by ground ! Once persuade a people to prei means, for the use of some of which the fer their present ease and enjoyments to Fa actors obtained a bill of indennily, but the permanent freedom of their country,
neither which means or the actors will, and you have only further to persuade I trust, ever be forgotten. Things them that what you do is absolutely necesa, are now a good deal changed. When sary to the preservation of that ease and the Corresponding Society was stifled, the those enjoyments : when you have done Revolution was at the full boil in France; this, you may do what you like; for they the streets of Paris were (owing princi- will stand by, and, as Casca says of the pally to the war carried on against the rabble of Rome, shout forth your praises French people in the name of their king) though you were to cut the throats of stained with human blood; all law and their mothers. This reasoning in the order, all security to either property or way of analogy was wholly fallacious; person, seemed to be at an end; and, for, there was no comparison between the every one looked upon France as destined two countries in regard to a reform in the
to fall a prey to the kings who had co government. But, the fallacy was a con- alesced against her, and by whom it was venient one for the enemies of reform, # expected she would be torn limb from who failed not to make a most dextrous
limb, and divided, or, at least, plucked of use of it, and who assumed as a proof of her fairest plumes and most essential the revolutionary designs of the English means of self defence. This was the reformers, that they openly professed their state of things at the time when the Cor. wishes for the success of the revolutionists of responding Society was stifled. In an. France, and even, as long as they dared, swer to that Society, who asked, be it contributed in a pecuniary way towards observed, for nothing but reform of parlia- the success of that cause,
This was, by ment, and who were never proved to have the Anti-jacobins, cited as proof that the had any other object in view; in answer English reformers wanted to see that done to that Society, it was said by the Anti- in England which had been done in jacobins, “ What, do you want to put France. This was another fallacy; but “ Eny land in the horrid state in which it was a convenient one for the enemies of « France now is ? The revolutionists in reform; and as those enemies found it no “ France began by asking for reform ; very difficult matter to make a vast majo" having got one step, they proceeded to rity of the people of property fear for that “ another, 'till, at last, they have mur property, the Corresponding Society was « dered the king and his wife and son and stifled without exciting any great opposia “ sister ; and, after having done that tion, and with that Society was stifled, for “they are now murdering one another, that time, the great cause of Parliamen
having declared war against all law, tary Reform.—The state of things, I re" property and order."
This was the peat, is now changed. We bave seen the
result of the French Revolution; and, al- | ters; that they serve merely as an instruthough we have seen, that, in its progress, ment for taxing the people and passing it has caused no small part of the pro- laws to compel them to be conscripts ; perty of the country to change owners, that, in short, they are no more the reprewe have also seen, that it has not made sentatives of the people of France ihan France a prey to the enemies (no less they are of the Indians in America: if than all the nations of Europe) coalesced this be true, which I do not, by the bye, against her; that they have not tore at all dispute, there can be no fear that her limb from limb; that they have the English reformers would now be displucked out none of her plumes, nor posed to imitate the example of the robbed her of any of her means of de- French, however they may have been fence; but, on the contrary, that they disposed this way at the time when France have all ; yea all of them, this nation called herself a Republic, and bad proexcepted, fallen before her, humbled claimed principles, of which every friend themselves in the dust at her feet, and of freedom must bave heartily approved. have had to bless her generosity for their - The Reformers, therefore, cannot existence.--Here, then, is one part of now be accused of having the same views the old Anti-jacobin argument completely with the enemy, as they were in 1794; the refuted. Time has proved to us, that re enemy has a government which the Eng. form, even if it lead to total revolution, to lish reformers hate; and, Oh! stiange to mad democracy, and end at last in militell! the Anti-jacobins of England; the tary despotism, does, under every change, Anti-reformers; the Associators against at every stage of its progress, tend not | Republicans and Levellers are wishing for only to preserve the independence of a : .. what? What are they now hisbing country, but to make it victorious and for? Why, for a revolution in France; to bring its enemies to its feet. aye, they actually live, they exist, upoa Besides, the dread of contagion must now the hope of an insurrection and revolution is be removed. French principles, it was France. This is their daily bread. They feared, were at work in the breasts of have nothing else to depend upon. Here the reformers; and that, if reform was is a change! They, who, for years,
cried once begun, it would soon get into an imi- aloud and ceased not, against insurrection tation of what was going on in France. and disorder and revolution and anarchy, The contagion of French principles was an and who preached up obedience to the object of horror. But, in this respect also, higher powers, who called upon the peothe state of things is wholly different from ple to associate and subscribe and fight what it was. The French Republicans or and inform, to make all sorts of exertions Jacobins or Levellers or Reformers, call and all sorts of sacrifices, in defence of them what you will, are no more. They order and law, of regular government and have no longer a political existence. The social order : these very men are now men are alive, in body, or some of them, filling their imaginations, feeding their at least; but, as political beings they fancies, staying the longing of their ar• have long been defunct. The piece of dent minds with the hope of seeing area clay, called ABBE'Sieyes, is still, I be ther revolution in France ! They, who lieve, in a state to move about and to serve dreaded nothing so much as revolution; as a sort of mill whereby a portion of the they who, in answer to all that was
said fruits of the earth are again returned to against the despotisms of Prussia, Austria
, the element whence they sprang; but, and even Turkey, said " it is better than ABBE' Sieves the politician is as dead as “ revolution ;" they, who were ready to Pitt or Kenyon or Melville.-France is justify any thing upon the plea that it was become a military despotism; at least, so necessary to prevent revolution ; they, who it is said. I do not know it, 'nor have I cursed the name of liberty, because it had any faith in what is said about it by our been used for the purpose of effecting st· venal prints; but, if what they say be volution ; they, who when they saw Eag. true; if it be true, that there is a simple land deserted by her allies in the war military despotism established in France; against France, and saw her impoverished that the laws do, in fact, emanate from the and in difficulties to her lips, still cried out will of the sovereign alone; that the le- against treating with her, because her gogislative assemblies are a mere shum ; that vernment was revolutionary; these men, aye, they are absolutely nothing but tools in these very men, are now praying, day and the hands of the sovereign, or his minis, night, for another rcoolution in France; and,
if you examine them closely, you will find, a libel upon government more infamous that, at bottom, it is upon this and this only, than this? And, to those who hold this that they build whatever hope they have doctrine, and yet affect to be anxious for of the country's finally escaping subjuga- the preservation of the kingly government, tion by France! This is a change indeed! I put this question : what can you invent, Nine years war, ending in 1802, costing us what can any man invent, what could the in taxes and loans, not less than SEVEN united invention of all the geniuses in HUNDRED MILLIONS OF POUNDS the world invent, so likely as this doctrine, to STERLING, and some hundreds of thou work the ulter destruction of that government ? sands of lives; all this to repel revolutionary What! in order to preserve a thing, will principles; all this to keep down the spirit you insist that its existence necessarily of revolution; all this to prevent the con- implies the existence of corruption? In tagion of French principles from reaching order to make us keep a thing up, will you England; all this for Regular Govern- tell us, that, in keeping it up, we necessarily nient and Social Order; and, now we see keep up corruption? Oh! monstrous!
those who were the advocates of that war, What a base people must we be, if we are 3 resting their political salvation upon the to be induced to support the government
hope of seeing another revolution in France ; upon this ground ! To suppose that a goand even going so far as to say, that we vernment can long exist upon such a basis need expect no peace until such revolution is to suppose the people of England to be sball take place, whereas they before told what the French called “ demoralized;" us, that no peace was to be had, because it is to suppose them out-laws of virtue; there was a revolution going on in France ! it is to write the word wretch upon each
Was there ever, then, change more man's forehead; it is to call upon the complete than this? In short, the whole world, in the name of virtue and of honour, is changed, as to both countries, except to extirpate the whole race of us from the only, that the Parliament of England re face of the earth. Taxes! Flogging! mains what it was at the time when « the What are taxes and what is flogging; what “ Friends of the People” gave up, and when are they to what we should deserve, if we the more sturdy and sincere Corresponding were so base, so infamously base, as to be Society was stified.----It is impossible for induced
induced to love a government to the supany one to excite alarm now as to the pro-port of which Corruption was absolutely nepagation of French principles ; no man in cessary? What, then, shall we say of those ; his senses can be made to fear the effect what will our Sovereign say of those, who of republican principles in England; the time openly and explicitly declare, that the gocannot be pleaded as unfit, for when will vernment under which we live is not to there be a fit time if that time is not now, be carried on without corruption; and, seeing that the “ hurricane of revolution," whiat, especially, shall we say, when we reas it is called, is over, and that we have be flect, that those who tell us so, those who fore us a most salutary lesson as to the con. hold this doctrine, do, at the same time asquences of going too far. Therefore, sume the appellations of “ King's friends" there is now nothing to offer against reform and of " loyal men," while they hold forth but that which will serve at all times, to the world as enemies of the King and namely, that CORRUPTION IS NECES. the whole scheme of government, all of SARY TO THE SUPPORT OF OUR us who contend, that Corruption is not neGOVERNMENT, a doctrine, which, cessary to the eristence of that government, though it has been openly avowed, is cer- but, that the kingly power and dignity tainly the most infamous that ever was can be maintained, that the parliament heard of. To me it appears difficult to can be efficient for its purposes, and that form an idea of any thing so slanderous the whole of the government under which upon a government, anything so seditious, we live and that has descended to us from is to say of a government, that corruption, our forefathers, can be carried on upon prinhat the continual existence and practice ciples of morality, and that nothing of an f corruption, is necessary to its existence? infamous nature is necessary to be done to appeal to the reader; I appeal to the support either the prerogatives of the King onsiderate and moral amongst men; I or the powers of the parliament? This is ppeal to that principle of rectitude, our doctrine; this is the doctrine of the hich, if not stifled by vice, lives in every Reformers; and, yet those who oppose us an's breast; I appeal to conscience and have the impudence to hold us forth as honour, whether it be possible to invent persons endeavouring to subvert the go.
vernment by the means of calumny; as if " &c. &c. &c.” -Reader, what would it were calumny to say of the government you say of a King to whose ear the former that it can be maintained without Corrup- of these could be note pleasing than the tion, and not calumny to say that it cannot latter? A King, did I say, far be it be maintained without corruption! Let us from me to suppose that there ever will be suppose these different sentiments put into a King in England with regard to whom the opening of two different Addresses to the hypothesis could, for one moment, be the King. Let us suppose the Anti-jaco- put. Nay, it is hard to believe, that any bins approaching him thus: “Sir, man upon earth, under wbatever circum“ Conscious that your throne cannot be stances placed, could hesitate for one “ supported, or the affairs of the state car moment as to which of the two he would “ ried on without a constant violation of prefer. Indeed, to suppose any one capa“ numerous statutes ; conscious that bri- ble of preferring the former to the latter, is " bery and corruption; that perjury and to suppose the existence of a monster to put "subörnation of perjury; that many of whom out of the world would be the duty “ the crimes the most hateful to man's in- of every man who had it in his power.
herent nature as well as the most dis-What, ihen, shall we think of those, who “ tinctly accursed in that Scripture on our scruple not to hold such language ; who “ faith in which we build our hopes of eter- openly avow their conviction, that cor“ nal salvation; conscious that ihe almost ruption is necessary, absolutely neces“ constant commission of these crimes, by sary, to the support of the government; “great numbers of your Majesty's subjects, who tell us, in so many words, that with
is absolutely necessary to the support out corruption, the government could no: " of your Majesty's throne and to the ex go on ; and who, embodying their diabo“ ercise of the powers of government, we
lical doctrine into one close figure of the “ beseech your Majesty, &c. &c. &c. &c.” | toric, assert, that “the rotten boroughs
And let us suppose the Reformer ap “ are the sound part of the Constitution;" proaching bim thus :-"Sir, Conscious herein, with a boast " saying to corruption w that, of all the maxims of the Holy “thou art my father ;" and adopting the “ Scriptures, none is more true, or more
horrid sentinient of the king of hell, “ evil “ worthy of being held in remembrance, “be thou my good? What shall we “ than ihis : that the throne shall ensay of such men ; and yet, the reader " " dure which is established in righteous. must be convinced, that this is no ex"" ness;" conscious that to support the aggeration ; that this is no more than the " throne of your Majesty and to carry on
well known trutb ; that it is a truth that " the affairs of your government, no
cannot be denied. Heretofore ercuses " thing can be more conducive than an were made ; by some the corruption was “ obedience to the statutes, the inculca- denied; by others the reform was said to “ tion of morality amongst the people have danger in it ; some said the cure was " at large by the example of the nobility said to threaten us with greater mischiefs ” and gentry, and especially by those than the disease ; others that the time was “ who are members of parliament; con not proper ; never, never 'till the year “ scious that bribery and corruption, and 1809 were there found men of such bold, « all the manifold crimes thence flowing, such barefaced infamy as to avow the cor“and extending themselves amongst great ruption, to assert that it was necessary “ numbers of your Majesty's subjects; to the support of good government in this « conscious that these crimes, thus ex country, and that to put an end to the cor. "tended, must have a necessary tendency ruption would be to endanger the exist" not only to corrupt the morals of the ence of the government, or, at the very “ people but to obliterate from their minds least, to render it less efficacious for the « all sense of public duly, and, of tourse, good of the people.--Those who hold “all love of country, and all sense of duty this doctrine are the true Antijacobins ; " towards their King, as the guardian of they are of the full-blood. They are the “ the rights and honour of that country ;
same set, who; twelve years ago, had “ conscious, that, from this cause de Regular Government, Social Order, and “ stability of your Majesty's throne must “ Our Holy Religion,” everlastingly upon “ be shaken, the lawful powers of the their tongues. This set, however, we
government enfeebled, and the country know. Their views and designs are not thereby exposed to invasion and subju- disguised any more than are the means, by "gation, we beseech your Majesty, &c. which they would see those designs car
ried into effect. With these writers there is , “ labour from the fingers of the unfortuno disguise, because no disguise will any longer“ pate slaves. Not even in the presence serve their turn. The TARTUFFE, in Moliere, “ of the master could any beyond a certain is a hypocrite till detected and exposed, but “ number of lushes be imposed; and even the when he finds that hypocrisy will no longer“ degree of force was limited. No contusion serve his turn, throws off all attempt at “ or effusion of blood was tolerated; if any disguise, turns bully, and those who have “ such took place, that was esteemed a hitherto been his dupes he threatens with " misdemeanor ; and if repeated the slave the use of the means that their folly has “ was taken from under the controul and proplaced in his hands. The Anti-jaco tection of his master. Such was the Oro bins, however, we understand. That hate “ dinance to which Mr. Smith-applied the ful, that persecuting, that relentless set, “ epithet of an almost divine code.". who, if they had the power, would each This is negro-flogging. This is the manner; of them surpass a Robespierre, or, which in which slaves are treated under Spanish is worse, any of those monsters, who laws; and, I believe, our own laws for the for the sheer love of gain, bave de treatment of slaves are as mild, if not more populated whole countries; this set we so. A few lashes; no effusion of blood; no know, and that is something. But, we contusion even; the number of lashes' fixed; have other enemies at work, and these even the degree of force fixed! And this more formidable than the Anti-jacobins, for slaves, observe. This is the law for because their principles are, in the main, the flogging of slaves. good ; and because they even profess themselves friends to Parliamentury Reform. FLOGGING SOLDIERS. The following
-But these I shall mention niore fully in Regimental Order, issued it appears on my next, having now placed in a fair the eleventh of this present month, does light the odious and diabolical doctrine of great honour to the Royal Duke, whence the necessity of corruption.
it has proceeded, and as such I put it upon
record, and beg leave to call the particuFLOGGING NEGROES, - The following lar attention of my readers to it." The passage from Mr. Brougham's speech “Duke of Gloucester cannot allow the upon the Trinidad question has struck me present commanding officers of the two as very interesting, and as worthy, at this “ Battalions of his Regiment, the honouratime, of the particular attention of the " ble Major-General Stopford, and Major. people of England."Mr. Brougham General Sir John Dalrymple, to resign “ next argued, that the Ordinance of 1789 “their respective commands without offers « was unquestionably a part of the Spanish ing to them his warmest thanks, and ex« law. It was an order of the King, con “pressing his entire approbation of every « ceived in the most distinct terms, and part of their conduct, during the time “ commanding the very council by which " he has had the honour to be Colonel «« it was said it ought to be confirmed, to “ of the Third Regiment of Guards.-« consider it as law, and administer il ac “ The first Battalion, under the orders of 4 cordingly. It had been called by Mr. “Major-General Stopford, has acted up « Smith an almost divine ordinance, and, “ to the distinguished character of the re- comparatively speaking, it was so, for it " giment upon the different services on " afforded much greater protection w the “ which it has been employed, has dis« slaves than any law of ours. The mas- " played that heroic gallantry for which « ter and steward only were permitted to “ his Majesty's Guards are renowned, and
inflict a few lashes, not the river ; and " whilst the talion has merited the
they were inflicted too only by way of “ approbation of the General Officers « punishment, and not to quicken the " under whom it has been employed, the e Negro's hands by the effusion of his “Commanding Officer has been equally « blood, as in our other West India “ entitled to praise for his strict attention « Colonies where the British constitution “ to his duties, and for the proper disci" and laws were not established, as in this “pline he maintained in the corps. The “ country. Another regulation in this “ second Battalion, under the orders of « Ordinance, was, that no one but the mas." Major General Sir John Dalrymple) has u ter or his steward should be entitled to “ equally supported the character of the “ execute the sentence. Cart-whips could “ Regiment by its uniform good conduct, " not exist in Trinidad for the purpose
«, and the Duke of Gloucester cannot omit w of quickening the bands, or extorting" on this occasion noticing, that during the