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the siege of a strongly fortified town.- my estimate of numbers; and I am satis To me, therefore, it appears very evident, fied, that it will be very difficult for any that there could not bave been less than one to show, that I have estimated unfairly. 20,155 British and German troops in this Let us now look a little at the result battle. The Spaniards could hardly have of the battle. -We are said to have kept been under 12 or 14 thousand; for, we our ground. How! The enemy found us find them forming the right wing of the besieging a town, and he compelled us to army and in two lines ; and, the Portu- raise that siege for a time at least. But, guese, who do not appear to have bad he retreated. He went back the way he much to do in the battle, but who made came.

And so does a sallying party; part of the force, and are known to be “ but it does not follow that such party is “ good as any troops in the world,” could not successful. That Dalmatia attacked our not be less in number than the British ; or, army with greatly inferior numbers is mani. at least, what reason is there to suppose fest. He might exceed us in Cavalry ; but that they were?. For again I ask, where as to general force he must have been were they, if they were not at that battle ? much inferior; and that he mauled us We, the people of this kingdom, are pay- pretty decently we have the proof in the ing for an army of 60,000 Portuguese, list of killed and wounded. It is said, that paid and kept in all respects like British dead men tell no tales; but, the lists of troops. The reader knows, that the Ho- dead men tell tales, and such tales too as nourable House long ago voted 2 millions require all the powers of even our venal of pounds for the Portuguese army this press to hush to silence. But, there is one year. Now, observe, that 141,000 British description of men who blab more, and tell Infantry cost us in a year £.4,245,669 ; more ugly tales than either killed or and, it the reader will be at the pains wounded, and these are the missing ; that to make the calculation, he will find, is to say, those who either desert to the that, at this rate, 60,000 men cost us enemy during the battle, or who are £. 1,307,944 So that, for the £.2,000,000 taken prisoners by him; for, in a case we ought to have more than 60,000 Por- where you keep the ground you fight tuguese for the whole year; and, observe, on, you cannot lose any of your mea always effective ; always in existence; al from wandering --Now, in this battle ways, as Mr. Villiers said, actually in sol. there were a good many of these blabbers; diers cloaths. -Well, then, my friends and the reader may assure himself, that .and countrymen of this “most ihinking," their number has not been oder-stated, nation, were could our 60,000 Portuguese either by the author of the Dispatches, or soldiers be, if there were not a good 20,000 by those who have treated us with extracta of them at this battle? The money was long from them. This is a capital consideago voted; and, surely, the men ought to ration. This making of prisoners is the be furth-coming; and, if ever forth-coming great feature in a battle, and, it is in fact, that day was ihe day.---To do them the best criterion of real victory: Our justice, however, they appear from the army is said to have made some prisoners Dispatches (I beg pardon, I mean Ertracts) too. “ We have taken," says the Marto bave been there in great numbers; for shal, “ from 900 to 1,000 prisoners !" mention is frequently made of the deeds of Why not tell us eractly how many? Why valour and sagacity of those who com not regale our longing ears with the names munded them; and, of course, the men of the officers taken? Alas! the Lord themselves must have been these. Marshal, in his dispatch, explains this: Upon a review of what has been said, “ The enemy,” says he, “ left between the reader will, I should think, have no 900 and 1,000 WOUNDED on the doubt that our Marshal must have bad “ground.” Our prisoners are the rounded nearly 40 thousand men in the field exclu. men, then, who were unable to follow, or sive of Spaniards, and that, in the whole, keep up with the army! Our venal prints there were not opposed to Dalmatia less say, that we hate found many officers, than 50,000 men at the very lowest. In- and several generals amongst the dead; deed, from all that I have seen, I am con but, we have not had the luck to take any vinced, that the French commander made of them alite. The French, who are, by little or no account of any but the British these venal scribes, represented as having troops; and, supposing himself a match been covered with disgrace, have carried for them, he marched to the attack with their prisoners of; they have carned little apprehension of failure. --Such is them away; and they have got officers as



well as men. The prisoners they have |“ attack,” when it is notoriods that he taken form a list :

came to the spot wbere our army lay; in

vain for the same print to tell us, that Majors


“ now the nations of the Continent will no Captains Lieutenants

" longer believe in French invincibility;" 9

in vain for ihis print to trump up the story Ensigns

1 Serjeants ....

that the two colours said to have been lost

38 Drummers

were taken one from an Ensign who reRank and File...... .526

fused to accept of lite on the condition of surrender, and the other from an Ensign, who, being wounded, and on the ground, had tore them from the staff and secreted

them in his bosom. In vain for them to Here is a good half of a Battalion of Bri- attempt any such means; for, if they tish and German troops. Here are officers continue to assert, that the Marshal had of all ranks under a Lieutenant Colonel. but 8,000 British and German troops, we When bave we seen such a list of French and all the world know, from his own acofficers taken? And, if we lose officers count, that the enemy took away on and men thus, when we are triumphant, thirteenth part of the whole of them; acwhen we gain victories, and even glorious tually took them off out of the field of battle, victories, what have we to expect in cases and that, amongst the prisoners, were no of defeat ? We shall hear what the less than fifteen Commissioned Officers; and, French will say, in their account of this this fact is quite sufficient to fix the chabattle; but, I think we may anticipate no racter of the battle. No man will ask for small boastings at this circumstance of any thing more. No man that once hears having carried off so many officers and this fact will ever ask who gained the day. men from a field where they were com Therefore, these attempts so much to pelled to yield to superior numbers, and lower the number of our own army makes numbers too so greatly superior.- Our against the character of what these same venal prints have stated the British and persons choose to boast of; for, no huGerman force at 8,000 men. How false creature will ever believe, that this must be I have shown; but, if it were the French, who were able to carry off true, what a fact would it be, when viewed half a battalion of our men, did not retire in conjunction with this statement of miss before a greatly superior force upon the ing? If it were true, that there were in whole. There is, too, not a word said the battle only 8,000 British and German | about the loss of the Spaniards. The troops, then the world would have to note Marshal says he is unable to state their down, that the French carried ONE loss. And yet, one would suppose, that THIRTEENTH part of the whole of them it was full as easy for him to state that as of prisoners from the field of battle! The

The to state the loss of the French, all about venal newspapers confess (by way, I sup- which he is very circumstantial. The pose, of being beforehand with the French), probability is, that the French may have ihat two of our regiments had their colours carried off some of the Spaniards too. taken from them and carried off. But, this Nay, there is, perhaps, more than a prois no matter. The fact, that one thirteenth bability of it. And, what a thing, then, part of the whole of the British and Gere is this to boast of! What an event is here man troops were taken alive and carried to excite new hopes of the deliverance of Luoff bodily out of the field of battle would rope ! The circumstance of our chief anbe such a fact as would beggar all the noyance having proceeded from the Polisk others that could be mentioned. It would troops is also worthy of particular notice ; be in vain to talk after that; in vain for for, as this thinking people” can hardly the Times to exclaim: “ Gallant hearts ! have forgotten, the Polish troops were " the tears that fall from the eyes of rela- said all to have revolted last year against “ tives in England are not the only ones their French officers. These Polish “ that will be shed for the heroes of this troops had, however, singular advantages, “ day!” in vain for the same paper to it seems, the thickness of the atmosphere was ask, “ what is a greater proof of discomfi- | in their favour; and they were mistaken “ ture than their abandoning their wound for Spanish horse. This is very strange " ed ;' in vain for the Courier to talk and will, I imagine, plead but very feebly about the enemy's choosing his place of in palliation of our wonderful loss in pri


soners. - The Marshal says, that Soult | We had long been collecting stores toge. (Duke of Dalmatia) has retired with “à ther for this siege; and, while this is " tarnished reputation ;and the Times going on, the French start out at 100 miles news-paper says, that the proof of bis distance, and bring up to our very noses a discomfiiure is, that he left his woundeu al superior artillery ! -Now, then, reader, " the place of his retreat.". -This paper | look back over all that we have been rehas recently become devoted to the Wel- marking on; and say, wbether there is Jesleys. But, did the writer perceive any ground for hope, that we shall be able to what his argument might lead to? Did he drive the French oui of the Peninsula ; and, recollect, that we boasted of a Victory at observe, if we do not, all this expence in Talavera; nay that we fired Park and life as well as in money is lost. To me it Tower guns; and, what is more, gave has long appeared, that the true policy of Parliamentary Thanks, two Titles, and a Napoleon was to incite us to waste our pension of 3,0001. a year for three genera force in that country. A war there which tions, to him who left his sick and wounded occupies all our aitention, and draws off at that very Talavera ? Did this newly- every man and every pound of food that we converted writer remember that? If he can raise, serves him surprizingly, while he did, he would hardly have assumed, that is settling the northern part of his Empire the fact of the Duke of Dalmatia having to his liking, and building ships in all his left some of his wounded behind him at arsenals. A reinforcement of 10 or 20 Albuera was a proof of his discumfiture. thousand men sent from France twice a --Some of the papers of to-day state, year, will feed the war in Spain and Porthat the Duke of Dalmatia has issued iugal without absolutely disheartening the Thanks to his Army for the valour which people of England. Such “ victories” as enabled him to obiain so signal a victory; we have recently gained seem to me to be and, it is added, that he boasts of having the very things that suit him. We are 1aken three pair of colours, several guns, and thereby induced to hasten off more troops a great number of prisoners, and that the and consequently more money. The war colours will be sent to Paris.--How in the Peninsula has come to supply the such a slory as this comes to be afloat place of all others. It leaves France in I leave the reader to guess. The Duke of perfect tranquillity, and, at the same time, Dalmatia had hardly sent his orders to our gives us full occupation. There are only camp. How, then, could this be known three sufferers; England, Spain, and Por otherwise than from conjecture; and to that tugal. The French empire does not taste conjecture what could give rise? Let of the war, which affecis it in so trifling a us now, however,wait for the French account. degree as for the people to have al. “ Hear both sides” is an old and good most all the advantages of peace. They maxim, and one side we have heard. feel no alarins ; ibey are in no “ crisis ;" We know that a howitzer was taken from they merely hear of the war in Spain us. What was taken from the Spaniards and Portugal as we do of the endless we have not been told; but, I, at present, wars in the East-Indies, to which it bears see no reason to doubt the fact of the some resemblance; it is with them a French having taken “ several guns.". matter of curiosity rather than of conThere really is about this victory some cern. How different is it with us! We thing more marvellous than about any look upon this war, and, indeed, we are other that I ever before heard of. It would told to consider it, as a war for our exist. seem to have been a sort of coup-de-main ence; our eyes are constantly upon the on the part of the French. They seem to stretch towards Lisbon ; we wish for, and have rushed forward and killed and car yet we fear, the arrival of every packet ried off a great part of their opponents boat; at the most trifling success, nay, at without any serious design to remain upon the escape from overthrow, we rejoice the ground, and without sopposing it pos- without inoderation, and yet, in the midst sible to remain there. We are told by of our exultation, our hearts bid us fear, our news-papers, that the French were that, in the end, we shall see the Peninsula superior ir artillery ; and this, too, you will in the hands of our enemy.---Reader, is observe, thougb they had come about a not this the truth? Is not this our situation hundred miles to the attack. Good heavens truly painted ? Such, then, is the state at what people these French must be! We which we have arrived at the end of were, too, setting about a regular siege. eighteen years of Anti-Jacobin war; of a We oughi to have had some arullery there. war for the deliverance of Europe; and

still are there. men to cheer us on in this f and tendency; it was intended as a con-
pursuit.-The cause of the exultationstrol for the People.”
which, upon occasions like this, we hear, is, That agreeing, as we do, with the above
our general dread of the power of the ene- authorities, as well as the concurrent opi.
my. We imagine, that these “ victories," nions of the greatest Lawyers, Historians,
as they are called, tend to keep him from and Statesmen, which might be adduced;
our doors; without reflecting, that he carries and observing, as we have done, the daily
on the war against us with a tenth part of and lamentable departure from the prin-
his force, that he makes the seat of war ciples of the Constitution—the rapid and
maintain his armies, and that he exhausts unceasing progress of overwhelming influ-
and enfeebles us against the day of his me. ence and corruption, which threaten its
ditated attack, taking into view the state overthrow-it is with the highest satisfac-
of our internal affairs, and especially the tion, we see a considerable number of the
state of our paper-money. It is in his power most respectable characters in rank, ta-
to send 200,000 men into Spain and Por- i lents, and property, now standing forward
tugal; but it is not yet his interest to do to endeavour to remove these formidable
it. His object is to make use of the Penin. evils, and to restore the Constitution to its
sula as a dr of the resources of Eng. true principles, by a Reform in the Re-
land; and, at the rate we are now pro- presentation of the People in Parliament.
ceeding, a more effectual drain could That we do therefore highly approve of
not, surely, have been imagined. Such the Vote of the last Court of Common
is my view of this matter; and, though it Council, and do hereby concur with them
may tend to check the exultation of my in granting the use of the Guildhall on the
countrymen, I am sure it is less likely to 3d of June next, for the purpose of hold-
lead them into mischievous error than the ing a General Meeting of the Friends of
sanguine expectations encouraged by the Parliamentary Reform.
writings of the venal journalists.

That without attaching improper mo-
WM. COBBETT. tives to such of our fellow citizens as may
State Prison, Newgate, Friday,

have been misled by the misrepresenta7th June, 1811.

tions and unfounded calumnies of interest.

ed, designing, and unprincipled Jobbers, PARLIAMENTARY REFORM. Contractors, and Placemen, who have Resolutions of the Livery of London, passed taxes, we cannot sufficiently reprobate

long fed, and still hope to feedupon our 30th May, 1811.-Smith, Mayor.

their base attempts to divert the public (Concluded from page 1408.) mind from this great national question, to That we agree with Mr. Pitt, whose sow the seeds of dissension, and by every. words were exemplified in his own Ado | possible means to excite, whilst, at the ministration, " That without a Reformation same time, they hypocritically express in Parliament, neither the liberty of the their apprehension of, tumult and aların. subject can be preserved, nor can we ex: Resolved,

That a Deputation of Liverypect to have a virtuous or disinterested men be now appointed to present the Res Administration."

solutions of this day to the Court of ComThat we agree with Mr. Fox, “ That mon Council on Friday next, requesting unless there is an entire radical Reform, their concurrence therein, as well as their not only in the House of Commons, but in co-operation with the Livery of London, every branch of the Executive Govern- in their endeavours to obtain a Reform ia ment, there is no chance for this country the Representation of the People in Parto enjoy any blessing, or even to remain liament. safe long; and that this Reform can never Resolved, - That Messrs. Billinge, be obtained, unless there is a general and Bromly, Blackett, Cole, Esce, Thorpe, unequivocal expression in its favour by Bedder, Bumsted, Scot, Peacock, Steventhe people at large."

son, Pearson, Rosser, Stooks, Pickard, That we agree with Mr. Burke, “ That Manning, Piper, Littell, Banks, Wort, and the virtue, spirit, and essence of a House Letts, be the said Deputation. of Commons consists in its being the ex Resolved Unanimously,--That the press image of the feelings of the nation. thanks of this Common Hall be given to It is not instituted to be a control upon the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, for his the People, as of late it has been taught by upright and impartial conduct on all oc. a doctrine of the most pernicious nature casions, and particularly for the firm an

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independent manner in which he has, in the Royal Highness the Prince Regent, agreed present instance, resisted all attempts to to on the 7th of February last, this Court intimidate him in the exercise of his did express the following sentiments, viz. duty.

WOODTHORPE. Numerous other grievances we forbear

even to mention, but there is one so pro

minent in the odiousness of its nature, SMITH, MAYOR.

as well as in the magnitude of its mis. A Common Council holden in the chievous consequences, that we are ucChamber of the Guildhall of the City of able to refrain from marking it out as a London, on Friday, the 31st of May, 1811. particular object of our complaint, and of - The Right Hon. the Lord Mayor in your Royal Highness's virtuous abhorrence formed the Court, that he had convened of the present Representation in the Comthem together this day, in consequence of mons House of Parliament-a ready ina requisition he had received from a great strument in the hands of the Minister for number of respectable Members of this the time being, whether for the purpose of Court, which was read.

multiplying the just prerogatives of the The Right Hon, the Lord Mayor laid Crown, or insulting and oppressing the before this Court a copy of sundry Reso- people; and a Reform in which is there. lutions of an Especial Court of Aldermen, fore absolutely necessary for the safety of agreed to on the 29th inst. in relation to the crown, the happiness of the people, a Public Meeting of the Friends of Parlia and the peace and independence of the mentary Reform being holden in the country. Guildhall of this City, on Monday, the 3d “ That on other occasions similar senday of June next, which were read. timents have been decidedly expressed by

The Deputation of the Liverymen of this Court.' London, appointed at the Common Hall That so far from this Court expeholden yesterday in the Guildhall of this riencing any change in these sentiments

, City, attended at the Bar of this Court, it is at this moment more strongly (than at and presented sundry Resolutions agreed any former period) impressed with the to in the said Common Hall, which were justice and truth of them, and doth there. read, and ordered to be entered on the fore concur in the Resolutions of the LJournals.

very of London in Common Hall assemi. The Memorial of Sir John Throckmor- bled, presented this day to this Court, ex. ton, Baronet, Chairman of the Committee pressing at the same time its unalterable of the Friends of Parliamentary Reform, determination to persevere by all legal in relation to postponing the public Meel- and Constitutional means in obtaining an ing of the Friends of Parliamentary Re. efficient Reform in the Commons House form from the 3d to the 10th day of June, of Parliament." And on the question bewas this day presented unto this Court and ing put, the Lord Mayor declared the read.

same to be carried in the negative ; and a The humble Petition of a great number division being demanded, and granted, of Liverymen of the City of London, there appeared 4 Aldermen, and 74 Comagainst granting the use of Guildhall for moners, besides the 2 Tellers, for the afira public Meeting of the Friends of Parlia- mative; and 13 Aldermen, and 104 Commentary Reforn, to be holden on the 3d day moners, besides the 2 Tellers, for the nega. of June next, was this day presented unto tive--whereupon the same was carried in this Court and read.

the negative,-then the main question being A Motion being made, and Question put, " That the Prayer of the said Petition of proposed, that the Prayer of the said Pe. the Liverymen be complied with, and that iition of the Liverymen be complied with, the Resolution of this Court of the 224 and that the Resolution of this Court of the instant, granting the use of the Guildhali 22d inst. granting the use of the Guildhall for a Public Meeting of the Friends of for a public Meeting of the Friends of Parliamentary Reform, be rescinded ac• Parliamentary Reform, be rescinded ac cordingly," the same was resolved in the cordingly;

affirmative. An Amendment was moved by leaving Ordered, that the above proceedings be out all the words after the first word signed by the Town Clerk, and published " That," and substituting the following in in all the London Morning and Evening lieu thereof;--" In an Address to his Papers.


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