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man's having taking out a license, who curious, that the Catholics should, in this could neither write nor read. And, why respect, be put upon a footing with the not, as the law now stands? The man, in Jews and Turks ; and, I must say, that, all likelihood, did not relish MILITARY when I hear the Dissenters complaining DISCIPLINE, and, being told that there of persecution, I cannot help reflecting on was a law to exempt him from it for life, the behaviour of some of them towards the if he would but take a couple of true oaths Catholics, with respect to whom common and makeone true declaration and give a sir- decency ought to teach them better bepence, he, of course, betook himself to these haviour. But, whether I hear in a Churchcheap and simple and infallible means. man or a Dissenter abuse of the Catholics
There is many a young man, who is pre- I am equally indignant ; when I hear vented from marrying by this dread of men, no iwo of whom can agree in any military discipline : bere is the remedy at one point of religion, and who are conhand : here is the law comes in to his aid. | tinually dooming each other to perdiOur old friend of Richmond Park seems tion; when I hear them join in endeato have taken it for granted that his man vouring to shut the Catholic out from poliin Staffordshire actually became a Preacher. tical liberty on account of his religious Why should he? The law does not require tenets, which they call idolatrous and it. It gives him a license to preach, and damnable, I really cannot feel any comprotects him from the Militia discipline ;) passion for either of them, let what will but, it does not compel him to preach, befall them. There is, too, something so nor does it require of him any declaration impudent; such cool impudence, in their that he will preach, or that he intends to affected contempt of the understanding of preach, or that he ever had such a thought the Catholics, that one cannot endure it in his head.
The man need not be a with any degree of patience. You hear Dissenter at all. A Church goer may take them all boasting of their ancestors; you out the license as well as any other man; hear them talking of the English Constiand, indeed, any man but Catholic or an tution as the pride of the world; you hear Infidel has this protection at bis command. them bragging of the deeds of the Edwards
-Now, surely, this is not the way in and the Henries; and of their wise and which it was intended the law should virtuous and brave forefathers; and, in stand? We see, that it is possible, for the the next breath, perhaps, you hear them militia to be left without any body to fill its speak of the Catholics as the vilest and ranks,except Catholics,Jews, Turks, Heathens, most stupid of creatures, and as wretches and other Unbelievers ; for, every Christian doomed to perdition; when they ought to Protestant may excuse himself if he will, reflect, that all these wise and virtuous and that, too, without any perjury, fals: and brave forefathers of theirs were Cathohood, or deception. For, suppose John lics ; that they lived and died in the Stiles, who is just coming 20 years old, Catholic faith ; and that, notwithstanding and who has a stronger liking for some their Catholic faith, they did not neglect milk maid than he has for what the sol- whatever was necessary to the freedom diers call the Drum-Majer's Daughter; and greatness of England. It is really suppose he is a church-goer; what is that very stupid as well as very insolent to talk to him or to the Justices ? They have in this way of the Catholics; to represent no authority to ask him whether he can them as doomed to perdition, who comwrite or read, or what he means to do pose five-sixths of the population of Euwith his licence when he bas got it. His rope; to represent as beastly ignorant licence is to show to a constable, when he those amongst whom the brightest geniuses comes to warn him for militia duty. He and the most learned men in the world has paid for his licence, and has, of course, have been, and are, to be found; but a right to use it for whatever purpose still, the most shocking part of our conmay appear most beneficial to himself. duct is to affect to consider as a sort of
It is something curious, that the law out-casts of God as well as inan those who should be so made as to leave the country have, through all sorts of persecution, adto the chance of being defended solely by hered to the religion of their and our foreCatholics, Jews, Turks, and Infidels ; that fathers. There is something so unnatural, the law should enable every one to exempt so monstrous, in a line of conduct, in himself from the service of defence ; er which we say that our forefathers are all in cept those only, in whom the government will Hell, that no one but a brutish bigot can not put trust! It is, too, not much less hear of it with patience.----- Why, if we
pretend to talk of toleration, should not the at the matter in another light. I cannot exemptions from military discipline extend help thinking, that one of the reasons, if to Catholic Christians as well as Protestant not the great reason of all, for the bill that Christians ? What good reason can be has made all this noise, is, the great infound for the distinction ? None; and, crease of the congregations of the Methowhile this distinction exists, and while I dists in particular, and the consequent hear not the Protestant Dissenters com- diminution in the congregations of the plain of it, I shall feel much less interest Church of England. This has long beea in any thing that concerns them. Why do subject of alarm to the Clergy of the they petition now any more than at any Church, who imagine, that, in time, peoother time? Because they were now the ple, from so seldom seeing the inside of a object of attack. They were quiet enough church, will begin to wonder why the while none but the Catholics were the ob- tythes should be given to the Clergy of ject of attack; and, indeed, they have not that Church; and, we may be very sure, now noticed it at all; they have not even that the Dissenting teacher will put himself glanced at the hardships on the Catholic, to no very great pains to prove to his who was expressly shut out from the be- flock, that the tythes are due to the Clergy. nefit of the TOLERATION Act. They could, This defection from the established Church and still can, see him treated in that way, bears a strong resemblance to the defect without uttering a word in his behalf. tion from the parochial Clergy in the seHe is in the very state they were petition-cond and third century of the Catholic ing not to be placed in; and yet they say Church of England, when the laziness not one word in his behalf,---Lord Hol- and neglects of those Clergy, and their LAND is reported to have said, that “every endless pluralities, had thrown the people “ man had a right to preach if he pleased into the hands of the itinerant monks and " to any body that would hear him.” friurs, who appear to have been a most Agreed: my lord, but, surely, every man active and vigilant description of menought not to have a right to erempt himself and, indeed, to have borne a strong resem. from the militia service ? Yet, this right he blance, in most respects, to the itinerant has, unless he bea Catholic, a Jew, a Turk, or Methodist preachers of the present day. an Infidel of some sort or other. This is such hold did they get by means of their what I should have dwelt upon, if I had exertions, that, as the benefices fell in, the had a bill to bring in on the subject. 1 patrons bestowed many of them in fee do suppose, that the greater part of those upon the Abbeys and Priories, who thua who take out licenses actually go a preach | became the patrons, and who, of course, ing; but, if they do, is there to be no limit supplied the churches from their own to their number? Is every broad-shoul. houses, and took the greater part of the dered, brawny-backed young fellow that tythes to their own use, but who, having chooses to perform what he calls preaching, become rich in their turn, became also in to be excused from service in the Militia ? their turn lazy and neglectful as the paro. Who is there that would not much rather chial Clergy had been; and hence came sit and hear a score or two of young wo- that change which we call the REFORMAmen sing at a meeting house iwo or three tion, which originated not in any dislike times a week than be liable to be a hearer, on the part of the people to the teneis or much less a performer, at a military circle, ceremonies of the Catholic Church, but in though it were but once in a year? It is the laziness, the neglects, and, in some easy enough to talk about carrying the cases, oppressions of the Clergy, aided by Cross and mortifying the flesh; but, when it a quarrel between the King and the Pope. comes to the pinch, when the hour of per -- Men looked back into the cause of the formance comes, we find men disposed to existence of the tythes and benefices. They act by a figure of rhetorick, ratber than to inquired into the grounds, upon which they do the thing in their real, proper, natural stood. They asked why they were grant. person.--The Dissenters may, indeed, say, ed. They came to a clear understanding that it is not their fault, that the militia as to whai was expected and what was due laws have been passed, and that so many from the Clergy in return for them. And, thousands of men are liable to these laws; at every step, they found, that endowment and this is very true; but, there are such and residence went together. They found, laws, and, as they have said nothing against in short, that the parish churches, the them, we may suppose that they approve sonage houses, the glebes, and the tythes, of them.--We are now, however, to look had been originally granted for the pure
pose of insuring the constant residence of a how vigilant they are in the discharge of Priest in each parish, there to teach the their duty. The following list of absentees people, to give them religious instruction, is copied from a paper laid before parliato feed the poor, and to hospitality. These ment in 1808. None of the same kind were the express conditions, upon which has, I believe, been laid before parliathe grants were made; and, when, instead ment since that year; but, that the numof fulfilling these purposes, the livings | ber of non-residents has not decreased I were given away to Abbeys and Priories infer from the fact, that, for the three and religious communities of various de- years of which an account of the nonscriptions, who merely kept a sort of residents is given, numbers kept increasing. journeymen in the parishes, called Vicars, to whom they gave the nails and the hair
: ABSTRACT of the Returns of the Number
of Non-Residents in 1806-7. while they took the carcass home to be spent at the Convent; when this was the Want or unfitness of Parsonage case, and when, in another way, the Popes
1,063 were bestowing living after living upon
Residence on other Benefices 1,137 one and the same person ; when, in short,
430 a very considerable part of all the parishes Literary or Ecclesiastical Employin the kingdom were thus deprived of
396 nearly all that they had a right to expect
Offices in Cathedrals
183 in return for their tythes; when this was
in Dioceses ...
32 the case, it was no wonder, that the peo
113 ple were ready to listen to reformers. Chaplaincies in Royal or Noble And, I beg the reader to bear in mind, Families
27 that these were the real efficient causes of
in the Navy
15 what we call the Reformation, and not any
Residence in own
or Relatives fault that the people discovered in the
123 doctrines or ceremonies of the Catholic Menibers in Universities, under 30 Church ; for, after all, we believe in the
Years of Age
5 Creed of St. Athanasius, and what can Metropolitan Licences...
38 any Catholic or Pope want us to believe Without Notification, Licence or more? We hold, that a man cannot be
2,446 saved unless he believes in the whole of
12 this Creed; and, will any man believe,
17 then, that the Reformation had a quarrel
33 about doctrine for its cause? --Such be- | Imprisonment
5 ing the short but true history of the causes Sequestration
19 of the Reformation, that is to say, the taking
23 of the tythes from Catholic Priests and giving Livings held by Bishops .....
21 them to Protestant Priests, keeping back a Doing Duty and resident in an part to be given to favourite Lords and Ladies, House belonging to a Sinecure and which are now called lay impropria
in the Parish.....
5 tions; such being the history of this Abroad ...... grand event, which, after all, was merely a shifting of the Church Property from one
6,145 set of hands to another, it is not worth while for the present Clergy, that is to Now, it is impossible to look at this List, say, the present possessors of that pro- recollecting, at the same time, that there perty, to consider a little of the state in are only about 11,000 livings in the whole, which they are with regard to their pa- without seeing a quite sufficient cause for rishioners? They evidently have consi- the great increase of Dissenting Congredered this, or somebody else has for them. gations. We see here above half the The complaint, on the part of the Church, parishes unattended by the persons who of the increase of the Methodists, has been have undertaken the « care of the peoples' made for some years. The evil increases ; “ souls” in those parishes. These are the and the dangers are greater than those of words : “ care of their souls.” What can former times menace; because, if once a man say in his defence; what can he the church property be touched now, it think of himself, to undertake such a never returns. But, let us now see how charge, and never go near the spot? they attend to their parishes. Let us see And, is it to be wondered at, that the
people should go to meeting houses, while | The curate serves two, perhaps, and some this is the case? Here we see, that there times three churches; and, he has not were nearly a fourth part of all the Rectors the pecuniary means, if he has the talents, and Vicars in England, not only absent to do all that might be done by the infrom their parsonage houses and their cumbent. Indeed, it is notorious, tbat parishes, but absent without leave or licence, to the neglect of the Clergy the rise of the and even without condescending to notify Methodists is owing. And, how neglecttheir absence to their Bishop, though ex- ful, how lazy, must they be to suffer any pressly required so to do by the law, and sect to rise its head only an inch high! by a law, too, passed for their ease and When one looks over the country and indulgence. The first head, it will be sees how thickly the churches are scatobserved, contains the numbers absent tered; when one considers how complete from the want, or unfitness, of the Par. is the possession of the country by the sonage house. If not fit, why not made Clergy; when the force of habit is taken ht? Why not appropriate part of the into view; when we consider, that they income of the living to this purpose ? are the keepers of the records of births Some, you see, are absent upon literary and of the bones of ninety pine hunpursuits. What! Writing Reviews, or po- dredths of the dead ; when we behold Jitical Pamphlets, or Paragraphs, or what? them and their office having all the large But, at any rate, what literary pursuit could estates, all the family consequence and be so proper as the writing and study pride on their side; when one considers tending to effect the object of the living? all this, one cannot help being astonished What! a man receives an income for life, that there should be any such thing as a and he engages at the same time to take Meeting House; but, when we reflect, upon him the care of the souls of the peo that the Clergy have the power of speakple of a parish; and, he, while he keeps ing, as long as they please, is the people
, in the income, leaves the people of the parish every parish in the kingdom, once a week af to take care of their own souls, because least, and in a place where no one dares some literary pursuit calls him away else. to contradict them, or would ever think where! When he takes upon him the of such a thing; when we reflect office of Minister he declares, in the most upon this, and calculate the number solemn manner, that he believes himself of hours that the Pitt system would to be called by the Holy Ghost to take upon exist, if we Jacobins had the use of the him the ministry of the Gospel and to pulpits only for one fortnight, when we labour in the saving of souls.' When he consider this, we cannot find words is inducted into a living, he promises to to express our idea of the laziness, the watch constantly over his flock, to aid them incomprehensible laziness, that must prewith his advice, to comfort them in their vail' amongst the Clergy of the estabtroubles and sufferings, What can be lished Church.--There are, however, more amiable than such an office! What some worthy and diligent men amongst a blessing it must be where punctually them; and, at any rate, I do by no means discharged! But, what is it if the man believe, that public liberty would gain who takes this office upon him; who enters any thing by exchanging the Clergy for into this engagement; who makes these “ The Saints,” who have been the most solemn promises; if he, as soon as he steady abettors of the Pitt system, and has insured the revenue of the living, who have been full as eager as any of the
he has just ridden into Clergy in the cry of “ No Popery." In the parish and taken possession, sets off short, they are Dissenters merely because again, and never more bears of, or asks they have no tythes, and in that name only after his flock again, except at shear- do they resemble the Dissenters of the ing time, but leares them, body and soul, times before the Revolution : They are to the care of a stipendiary, whom he has as much like the Dissenters of old times never even seen, perhaps, in all his life as a horse-dung is like an apple. Those time? With this before their eyes, is were fanatics, but they were honest it any wonder, that the people prefer. the and just men, full of courage and full of itinerant preachers, who, however defi- talent; they understood well the rights cient in other respects, are seldom want. and liberties of Englishmen, and upon the ing in zeal? --I shall be told, perhaps, maintenance of them they staked their tha if the incumbent is not resident, his lives. The mungrel “ Saints" of our days curate is. Sometimes. But, what is that? are as keen for places, pensions, contracts,
and jobs, as the inhabitants of any per use of the Guildhall for a Meeting upon jured borough in the kingdom ; and, in the subject of Parliamentary Reform. deed, if I were to be put to it to find out 22nd May, 1811. the most consummate knaves in all Eng. land, I should most assuredly set to work Mr. Quin rose to present a Peti. amongst those who are ironically denomi- tion which he held in his hand, which, nated « SAINTS." They were the great when he stated that it was signed by Sir corps of scouts in the famous times of Noo John Throckmorton, he trusted would be Popery, and did more with that base and received without any opposition. With hypocritical cry than all others put toge- respect to the subject of this Petition, as it ther. One of the bawling brutes in my might be necessary for him to say someneighbourhood told the people, that “the thing afterwards, he should, for the pre“king, Lord bless him! had saved them all sent, only move that it be received and " from being burnt by the papishes." Was read. --The Petition was then received and it for a service like this that he was to be read. It was signed by Sir John Throckexempted from Lord Castlereagh's Local morton, Major Cartwright, Sir Francis Militia? A congregation of these “ Saints," Burdett, Mr. Jones Burdett, Mr. Byng, in a neighbouring county, cashiered their Mr. Brand, Lord Cochrane, and above Minister because he spoke at town meet- two hundred others; and stated, that the ing, against the clamorous outcry of “ No Committee of the Friends of Parliamentary " Popery;" and, in consequence there. Reform having given notice of a publis of, a gentleman gave him a living in the meeting to be held in London, on MonChurch.--Many, very many, instances day, the 3rd of June, for the purpose of of their base time-serving in politics might discussing the subject, and preparing a here be mentioned; but, enough has, I petition thereon; and conceiving that the think, been said to show, that the increase number and respectability of the Meeting, of their members cannot be expected to be the dignity of its claracter, and the effect attended with any good effeci
. I would of the proceedings, would be greatly prolet them alone; but, I wonld give them moted by its being held in the Guildhall no encouragemene. There are persons who of the City of London, it therefore prayed like them, because they look upon them for the permission of the Corporation, for as hostile to the Church. Their hostility is the Committee to have the use of Guildfor the rythes, which they would exact with hall for the purpose on that day. as much rigour as the present Clergy, and
Mr. QUIN then rose and addressed the would, if possible, deserve them less. But, Court in support of the Petition. He demy great dislike to them is grounded on clared that he never knew that such
a pea their politics, which are the very worst in tition was intended to be offered to the the country; and, though I ain aware, Court until this morning : but yet he felt that there are many very honourable ex- it his duty, as a sincere friend to the ceptions amongst them, I must speak of greatest of all objects of political importthem as a body; and, as a body I know of ance, not to shrink from the task of prenone so decidedly hostile to public liberty. senting and supporting it.. He had heard This is an age of cant. The country has some murmurs of alarm in the course of been ruined by cant; and they have been this morning from persons not very friendthe principal instruments in the work, and ly to Parliamentary Reform, that the obhave had their full share of the profit. ject of this Petition was to deprive the
WM. COBBETT. City of London of its rights and priviState Prison, Newgate, Friday,
leges; but he was confident that such ap24th May, 1811.
prehensions would be found frivolous,
when it must appear to every man, that The Portrait of Sir Francis BURDETT, all the Petition asked for was, the use of engraved by Wm. Sharp, are delivering Guildhall for a single day, in order to the at No. 27, London Street, Fitzroy Square, discussion of a subject already admitted and at various Print-Sellers --Price, by that Court and by the Livery of Lon
don, to be of the utmost importance and the most urgent necessity; and which
principle the Court had most forcibly rePARLIAMENTARY REFORM.
cognised in the Address lately voted to Proceedings in the Common Council of the City his Royal Highness the Prince Regent
of London, on a Petition for granting the He was inclined to think the Lord Mayo