« ZurückWeiter »
ficate, let him officiate as a probationer to mendations they receive; it must be left any Dissenting Congregation, and, during to them to decide whether the persons a limited time, itrey may exempt him from signing the recommendation be, or be not, prosecution and punishment under the old substantial and reputable people ; and, we laws. But, even during the time that all know very well, that what one man he is in this state of probation as a Minis- may think substantial another may not, and ter, he is not to be erempted from burdensome that, with regard to who is, or is not, reoffices, or from the Local or the other militia ; putable, the difference in men's opinions and, it may so happen, that his Captain or may be still wider. Those whom Major Serjeant will come and take him out of his CARTWRIGHT, for instance, would think pulpit and put him into the Guard-house very reputable people, John Bowles (who or Black-hole.What an alteration is is a Justice by the bye) would be very here! As the law now stands, any man likely to think just the contrary; and, if may become a Minister without any Cer a flat refusal were not grounded upon such tificate or Witness or any thing else but an objection, there might, at least, be dehis own Oaths and his Declaration; and, lay; the applicant, together with his witthe moment he does become a Minister, he nesses, might be sent away to seek more is secured against being forced into the mi- reputable vouchers for his character; Jitia, or to become a constable or other when he came, he might be sent back peace or parochial officer. It is very again ; his witness to the signatures might elear, that if this Act of Lord Sidmouth be questioned and cross-questioned; and should pass, that the Justices will, in fact, thus the vexation and humiliation might have the sclacting of all the Dissenting Mi- become so great, and, indeed, the expence, nisters; for, there is so much placed in that, what with one thing and another, it their power, that it would be impossible to might amount to a very serious persecution. avoid this effect. -The Act will not, But, why should I suppose that the Jusperhaps, say, that they shall have it in tices would act thus. I do not say that they their discretion to refuse Certificates; but, would. It is not necessary for me to say if it make provision for signatures of re- that they would. It is enough for me to commendation by substantial and reputable know that they could. I am not saying persons, it will, and it must, make them what would be, but what might be. Í a the judges of whether the parties signing be reasoning and not conjuring. But, of this description. That's enough? Leave when one is reasoning upon probabilities; any one point wholly to them. Make when one is endeavouring to ascertain them the sole masters of any link in the what it is likely the Justices would do, it chain, and you do, in reality, put the is worth while to ask what the Justices whole thing in their power. You give are. In the country, more than twothem the selection of the persons to be Mi. thirds, I believe, of those who attend at nisters, and you also enable them to limit the Sessions, are Clergymen of the Church of the numbers; and, of course, the Tolera. England. Where this is the case it surely tion Act would be virtually repealed. is not 100 much to expect, that the road to I shall be told, that this is not the inten- the Dissenting Ministry will not be tion at all; that nothing is further from smoothed by the Justices. And, as to the the views of the Author of the Bill; and other Justices, they must have taken the that I am quite mistaken as to the effect Test at any rate. There are very few, of it. As to what may be the views of the perhaps, who do not belong to the Church Author of the Bill, that is another matter. of England; but, at the least, they must I am speaking of what the Bill would pro have taken the Test; they must have done duce; and, if it be what it is represented an act, by which they do, in fact, declare to be, it would produce what I am now theniselves to be of that Church, so that describing.---It will not, perhaps, say, they cannot be expected to be favourable that the Justices shall have it in their dis. to the Dissenters.--But, wbat I look cretion to reject any man on account of upon as of more consequence than all the their dislike of him, or without any reason rest, is, the political influence that might, assigned. The Act will not say this per- and that inevitably would, prevail here
. haps; but, as to the fulfilment of its own The Justices are all appointed, they are provisions relative to the substantial and all selected, by the government
. The reputable householders, it must give the Sheriffs are all selected and appointed in Justices a discretion; they must be the the same way. Every one, who will bare judges and the sole judges of the recom- power from ibis bill, does, except in a few
of the Corporations, derive that power / worthy of notice; and, indeed, I believe, from the same source. This being the it did not exist at all. This custom, if it case, can any one suppose, that, in a mat. had existed, would certainly have been an ter where there is discretion, the decision additional motive for the imperative will not be on the side of the government, provision of the Toleration Act ; for especially in cases where there is no ap to conclude that a Clergyman, acting as a parent injury done to the parıy; for, to Justice, would, as far as possible, increase some persons it will always be difficult to the obstacles to the Ministry of the Dismake it out that a man is injured by a re senters, it is not necessary to suppose
hiin fusal to suffer him to preach ; and, as to a bad man, but, on the contrary, to conthe public, I would fain see the man who | clude that he would not increase these would undertake to prove to a dozen of obstacles, you must first suppose him comClergymen and 'Squires that a well-set pletely divested of every thing worthy of young fellow would not be better em the name of zeal for the Church, to whom ployed in the Local Militia, fighting for every virtuous and able Dissenting Ministhe preservation of their Tythes and Es- ter must necessarily be a formidable tates, than in preaching and praying to enemy. Either, therefore, your Clerical a Dissenting Congregation. Such as Justice must be something very little were admitted as Ministers would, at any better than a lraitor to the Church, or he rate, have to pass review before the Jus- must be almost irresistibly drawn to raise tices, who would naturally have a leaning obstacles in the way of good and clever against all those whom they looked upon men in their way to the Dissenting Minisas bad politicians. If, for instance, I were try. This consideration, however, though to apply for a qualification. A thing by weighty, is trifling compared to another no means probable, to be sure ; but, I put arising out of the change in the magisteit as a strong case. If I were to apply to rial part of our government since the time the Justices, does the reader not imagine, when the TOLERATION Acr was passed. that they would think a little before they I allude to that very material measure, granted it? To be sure they would ; and, the Appointment of Justices of the Peace indeed, no man can doubt, that, in every with SALARIES, and REMOVEABLE instance, political considerations would AT PLEASURE. Such a thing had have great weight. The Act would, in never been heard of in England in 1088. short, give the government, or rather, the It has been heard of now, and seen too ; Ministry, through the Justices, the selection and we now have in the Metropolis, of the Dissenting Ministers ; and, to sup- twenty-four men, commonly called POpose that they would select such as were LICE MAGISTRATES, who have all the pot favourable to their own views, one powers of Justices of the Peace, not only must first see them in the habit of sup in the Metropolis itself, but in all the four porting at Elections those whom they ex- populous counties adjoining it, namely, pect to oppose them in the House. -- Middlesex, Essex, Kent, and Surrey, for Does any one imagine, that this was not all which counties they have Commissions seen clearly at the time of passing the To- of the Peace, and, of course, where they LERATION Act? It was clearly seen, are amongst the Justices sitting at the that, if there was any discretionary power General Sessions for these counties. These lodged with the Justices, the Act would men were first appointed under an Act of either have no effect in the way of tolera- Parliament, passed in the year 1792, just tion, or would cause toleration to be bara upon the eve of the late, or Anti-Jacobin tered for political purposes. Therefore it war. They are paid £.500 a year each, was that the Toleration Act left no discre: i free of all deductions.--Amongst other tion at all; but made it imperative upon provisions in the Act' by which they were the Justices to grant and to record the do- appointed, they were disqualified, as Excument constituting any man a Dissenting cisemen are, to vote at Elections for MemMinister, if he presented himself before bers to serve in Parliament. But, they are them and offered to comply with the con- fully qualified by the Police Act to sitcheek ditionis specified in the Act. But, there by jowl with the Gentlemen of the Counis a further consideration that must now ties of Essex, Middlesex, Kent, and Surry, have great weight given to it. At the at the General Sessions of the Peace of time when the Toleration Act was passed, those counties; and, of course, they would the custom of making Clergymen Justices be fully qualified to hear, and to determine did not, I believe, prevail to any extent on, the applications of persons to become
Dissenting Ministers, if the proposed Act believe one's eyes.—Why, does not were to be passed. Here, in and round Mr. Peary know tbat his press is eoregisthe Metropolis, are, it is well known, the 'tered at the great Tasing Office at the greater part of the Dissenters. A fourto : Piace calied Somerset House? Does he part, perbaps, of the population of Eng. not know, that his name and his printer's land, if not more, live within the jurisdic. name, and bis jubusher's name, and all tion of these STIPENDIARY JUSTICES, their piuces of abode, are enregistered at wbo, from their numbers, are at all times the said Tax Office; and, ibat ibe enrelikely to form a majority of the Justices gisterment is suora ló by him asi by bis present at the General Sessions of the printer and publisher? What does he Peace held in any of the above four coud- mean, then? He does not tell us of the ties; and who, from the very nature of sort of Alonement that unfortunale printers their situation, must be disposed to do no- make to offended Bishops in Holland, and thing hostile or displeasing to the Miniso how the poor Dutchmen manage the mattry of the day, their places being held at the ter so as to bring themselves oil upon such pleasure of the Crown.--The nature of occasions; whether they cry up the their situation, with regard to the Minis- Bishop's father and mother and brothers try, and the natural tendency of it to and sisters and wite and children and coucreate an un'iue bias in politics, is clearly sins and foster mothers and sisters-in-law marked out by the provisions of the Act and halt broibers, nay, almost down to by whirb they were appointed, and which, the very dogs and cats of the family. as to elections, fur Members of Parliament, He does not tell us this; for which I am puts them upon a footing with Ercisemen sorry, as I should have been glad to know and others, who are deprived of the elec- how a Dutch printer would bring himself tive franchise merely on account of the off in such an emergency.*--We bear strong templations of their offices. Yet, if the Act of Lord S!DMOUTH were to pass, * As Mr. Perry seems not to be aware these men would have the discretionary of the laws in force in his own country, power that I have shown above in the licen- beg leave to sùbjoin some of their provising of one hall, perhaps, or more than one sions here for his information. half of all the Dissenting Ministers in Eng By the Act 19 Geo. II. c. 19, (to reland and Wales; because it is from the Me: strain and prevent the excessive increase tropolis chiefly that these Ministers start.- of borse races, &c.) it is enacted, “That After wbat has been said, there is no one,
every person or person who shall make, I imagine, who can doubt, that the effect “ prini, publish, advertise, or proclaim of the proposed Act would be to lessen any Advertisement or Notice of any the number of Dissenting ministers, and,“ plate, prize, sum of money, or other indeed, if the Act could be enforced, to ihing, of less value than Fifiy Pounds, render the TOLERATION Act, or, rather, “ to be run for by any horse, mare, or Acts (for the last is a very important one) “ gelding, shall forfeit and lose the sum of none, or, of very little, avail. Upon " of one hundred pounds." this point there can, I think, be very By the Act 25 Geo. II. cap. 36, (for the little difference of opinion : whether it be better preventing thefts and robberies), it right to render these' Acis a nullity is ano- is enacied, “ 'l hat any person publicly ther question, but this is a question which “ advertising a reward with •No questions I have not time to discuss here, though I “ asked,' for the return of things which shall not fail to do it in my next.
« have been stolen or lost, or making use
“ of any such words in such public adHolland).--The Press.---- The Morn “ vertisement, &c. shall for every such ing Chronicle of yesterday states, that, in “ offence forleit fifty pounds.” Holland, the Printers are compelled to The Act 39 Geo. III. cap. 79, (for the enregister their presses, and their own more effectual suppression of societies.es. names am places of abode *. And then fol- tablished for seditious and treasonable lows a commentary of compuission upon the purposes), contains several provisions and poor Dutch !Really one can hardly penalties respecting Printers Letter Found
ers, and i'r mting Press Makers. * « The Dutch booksellers, printers, type
Sect. 23. enacts, “ That, from and after “ founders, and press-makers, are by a late the expiration of forty days from the “ decree, published at Amsterdam, to have day of passing this Act, every person “ their numes and residences registered.” “having any Printing Press, or Types for
no more now about the insurrection in Hol- | clude that all is quiet again. The Mornland and the Judges there, whence I con ING Post, to be sure, tells us, that “ there • printing, shall cause a notice thereof, “ or book printed by him, and also every
signed in the presence of and attested by person wbu shall publish or disperse, or so one witness, to be delivered to the clerk “ assist in publishing or dispersing, either “ of the peace acting, for the county, "gratis or for money, any printed paper “ stewartry, riding, division, city, borough, or book, which shall have been printed “lown, or place, where the same shall be " after the expiration of forty days from * intended to be used, or his deputy, ac “the passing of this Act, and on which "cording to the form prescribed in the “the name and place of abode of the per* schedule hereunto annexed; and such “son printing the same shall not be print“ clerk of the peace, or deputy respec- " ed as aforesaid, shall, for every copy of " tively, shall, and he is hereby autho- " such paper so published or dispersed by “rized and required to grant a certificate “ him, forfeit and pay the sum of twenty " in the form prescribed in the schedule " pounds.” - hereunto annexed, for which such clerk Sect. 28 exempts papers printed by au“ of the peace, or deputy, shall receive thority of either house of parliament. • the fee of one shilling, and no more ; Sect. 29 enacts, “That every person s and such clerk of the peace, or his de “ who, from and after the expiration of “puty, shall file such notice, and transmit forty days after the passing of this Act, “ an attested copy thereof to one of his Ma “shall print any paper for hire, reward, “ jesty's principal secretaries of state; and gain, or profit, shall carefully preserve
every person who, not having delivered "and keep one copy (at least) of every " such notice and obtained such certificate
paper so printed by him or her, on which és as aforesaid, shall, from and after the “ he or she shall write, or cause to be
expiration of forty days next after the “ written or printed, in fair and legible “ passing of this Act, keep or use any “ characters, the name and place of abode of “ printing press or types for printing, or, " the person or persons by whom he or she shall " having delivered such notice and ob. “ be employed to print the same; and every “ tained such certificate as aforesaid, shall “person printing any paper for hire, re“ use any printing press or types for “ ward, gain, or profit, who shall omit or “ printing in any other place than the place neglect to write, or cause to be written “ expressed in such notice, shall forfeit " or printed as aforesaid, the name and is and lose the sum of twenty pounds." place of his or her employer on one of
Sect. 24 exempts his Majesty's Printers,“ such printed papers, or to keep or preand the Public Presses belonging to the serve the same for the space of six two Universities.
“ calendar months next after the printing Sect. 25 and 26 relate to the same En " thereof, or to produce and show the sume registerment and Certificate by Type " to any justice of the peace, who, within Founders and Printing Press Makers. " the said space of six calendar months,
Sect. 27 enacts, « That from and after “shall require to see the same, shall, for “ the expiration of forty days after the every such omission, neglect, or refusal,
passing of this Act, every person who « forfeit and lose the sum of twenty pounds. “ shall print any paper or book wbatso
Form of Notice to be given to the Clerk of the " ever, which shall be meant or intended
Peace, thut any Person keeps any Printing “ to be published or dispersed, whether " the same shall be sold or given away,
Press or Types for Printing. “ shall print upon the front of every such “ To the clerk of the peace for-
paper, if the same shall be printed on [here insert the county, stewartry, riding, « one side only, and upon the first and last division, city, borough, town, or place,] " leaves of every paper or book which or his deputy. " shall consist of more than one leaf, in « 1, A. B. of
do hereby delegible characters, his or her name, and “ clare that I have a printing press and “ the name of the city, town, parish, or " types for printing, which I propose “ place, and also the name (if any) of the “ to use for printing, withio [here insert “ square, street, lane, court, or place, in “ the place where the business is to be " wbich his or her dwelling house or usual “ carried on,) and which I require to be place of abode shall be ; and every per
" entered for that purpose, in pursuance “ 'son who shall omit so to print his name " of an Act passed in the thirty-ninth year " and place of abode on every such paper of the reign of his Majesty King George
"can be no doubt of an explosion in Hol- thirty in a day.--Let us hope, however, “ land being near at band; and, that the that, for once, we have some truth in this “Dutch are merely waiting till they hear intelligence. It is high time; for, we “ of the complete success of Lord Welc | have had so many falsehoods of late, that “ lington over Massena." And, as luck it quite sickens one to think of them. would have it, here is that to its hand.
State Prison, Nergate, Tuesday, PORTUGAL.--The War. A few days May 21, 1811. ago, the accounts from this part of the world aproared rather gloomy; but, the last intelligence has quite changed the
MEETING OF PROTESTANT DISSENTERS. face of it. This intelligence, by the way At a numerous and most respectable of Bristol, says, that the French have been Meeting of Protestant Dissenters of various defeated completely; that Lord Talavera denominations, and other Friends to Relihas killed 4,000 of them; taken 700 pri- gious Liberty, residing in different parts soners; that he has drowned great num- of the United Empire, held at the London bers of them besides; that he was in full Tavern, Bishopsgate-street, on the 15th of chase of the remains of their army towards May, 1811. Salamanca. -This is LiB the fifty thou Samuel Mills, Esq. Chairman, sandth, perhaps, that this nation has been The following Resolutions were agreed treated with since the beginning of the too :Anti-Jacobin war, or Assignat war, call it 1. That this Meeting believe that there wbich you will. The monstrous false
are at least two millions of Protestant Dishoods that are served out to this gaping senters in the kingdom of England and public! Any thing; nothing is too gross, Wales, including persons of opulent for. A falsehood of some sort or other, is served tunes, high literary attainmenis, and acout every day; and sometimes twenty or tive benevolence; that their exertions
have contributed to promote industry, " the Third, entitled, “ An Act for the knowledge, good morals, social order, and « " more effectual suppression of societies public prosperity ; that they are not in" " established for seditious and treasona- ferior to any fellow subjects in fervent “ “ ble purposes, and for better preventing love to their country, nor in ardent loyalty «« « treasonable and seditious practices." to their venerable Sovereign, whose early " Witness my hand this -day of promise to "
preserve the tolerations in -Signed in the
i violate," has made an indelible impres
sion on their hearts, and that any means Copy of A CERTIFICATE.
which might excite their discontent and LONDON.-I Thomas Shelton, Clerk of enfeeble their attachment, would therefore the Peace for the City of London, do at any time, and especially at this period, hereby certify that Thomas Curson Han- be inconsistent with the national interest, sard of Peterborough Court Fleet Street, and with wise and liberal policy. in the Parish of Saint Bride in the said 2. That although this Meeting consider City, hath delivered a notice in writing the right to worship God according to inappearing to he signed by him, and at-dividual judgment as an inalienable right, tested by T. Martin as a Witness to his superior to all social Regulations; and signing the same, that he the said Thomas although they have long anticipated a peCurson Hansard hath a Printing Press and riod when als Penal Laws for worshipping Types for printing, which he proposes to God according to their consciences would use for printing within his House afore- be abolished, they have been unwilling to said, and which he hath required to be agitate the public mind for the attainment entered pursuant to an Act passed in the of their hopes, and presuming that no perthirty-ninth year of his Majesty's Reign, sons would in this age venture to assail intituled, “ An Act for the more effectual the Act of Toleration, after the ever-me“suppression of Societies established for morable declaration of the King, they • seditious and treasonable purposes; and have been content to regard it with grate“ for better preventing treasonable and se ful emotions, and to esteem it as an effec. “ ditious practices.” Witness my hand tual protection from the recurrence of this seventeenth day of August, one thou- former persecutions. sand eight hundred and five.
3. That the persons assembled at this THOMAS SHELTON. Meeting bave received with great anxiety